These pages represent the work of an amateur researcher and should not be used as a sole source by any other researcher. Few primary sources have been available. Corrections and contributions are encouraged and welcomed. -- Karen (Johnson) Fish

Descendants of GODWULF (c.80- )


First Generation  Next


1. Godwulf, [Mythological] 1 was born about 0080.

Godwulf married someone.

His child was:

+ 2 M    i. Flocwald, [Mythological] 2 was born about 100 in <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>.

previous  Second Generation  Next



2. Flocwald, [Mythological] 2 (Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 100 in <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>.

Flocwald married someone.

His child was:

+ 3 M    i. Finn, [Mythological] 3 was born about 130 in <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>.

previous  Third Generation  Next



3. Finn, [Mythological] 3 (Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 130 in <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>.

Finn married someone.

His child was:

+ 4 M    i. Freothalaf, [Mythological] 4 was born about 160 in <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>.

previous  Fourth Generation  Next



4. Freothalaf, [Mythological] 4 (Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 160 in <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>.

Freothalaf married someone.

Freothalaf next married someone.

His child was:

+ 5 M    i. Frithuwald, [Mythological] 4 was born about 190 in <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>.

previous  Fifth Generation  Next



5. Frithuwald, [Mythological] 4 (Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 190 in <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>. Another name for Frithuwald was Bor.

Frithuwald married Beltsa, [Mythological].5 Beltsa was born about 194 in <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 6 M    i. Odin, [Mythological] 6 7 was born about 215 in <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>.

previous  Sixth Generation  Next



6. Odin, [Mythological] 6 7 (Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 215 in <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>. Other names for Odin were Woden, Wotan, and Woutan.

Research Notes: The Norse god Odin.

From Wikipedia - Odin :

Odin (pronounced /'o?d?n/ from Old Norse Óðinn), is considered the chief god in Norse paganism . Homologous with the Anglo-Saxon Woden and the Old High German Wotan , it is descended from Proto-Germanic *Wodinaz or *W. The name Odin is generally accepted as the modern translation; although, in some cases, older translations of his name may be used or preferred. His name is related to oðr , meaning "fury, excitation", besides "mind", or "poetry". His role, like many of the Norse gods, is complex. He is associated with wisdom , war , battle, and death, and also magic , poetry , prophecy , victory, and the hunt.

Origins
Worship of Odin may date to Proto-Germanic paganism . The Roman historian Tacitus may refer to Odin when he talks of Mercury . The reason is that, like Mercury, Odin was regarded as Psychopompos ,"the leader of souls."

As Odin is closely connected with a horse and spear, and transformation/shape shifting into animal shapes, an alternative theory of origin contends that Odin, or at least some of his key characteristics, may have arisen just prior to the sixth century as a nightmareish horse god (Echwaz), later signified by the eight-legged Sleipnir . Some support for Odin as a late comer to the Scandinavian Norse pantheon can be found in the Sagas where, for example, at one time he is thrown out of Asgard by the other gods - a seemingly unlikely tale for a well established "all father". Scholars who have linked Odin with the "Death God" template include E. A. Ebbinghaus , Jan de Vries and Thor Templin . The later two also link Loki and Odin as being one-and-the-same until the early Norse Period. Odin only has one eye.

Scandinavian Óðinn emerged from Proto-Norse *W during the Migration period , artwork of this time (on gold bracteates ) depicting the earliest scenes that can be aligned with the High Medieval Norse mythological texts. The context of the new elites emerging in this period aligns with Snorri 's tale of the indigenous Vanir who were eventually replaced by the Æsir , intruders from the Continent.[1]


Parallels between Odin and Celtic Lugus have often been pointed out: both are intellectual gods, commanding magic and poetry. Both have ravens and a spear as their attributes, and both are one-eyed. Julius Caesar (de bello Gallico, 6.17.1) mentions Mercury as the chief god of Celtic religion . A likely context of the diffusion of elements of Celtic ritual into Germanic culture is that of the Chatti , who lived at the Celtic-Germanic boundary in Hesse during the final centuries before the Common Era. (It must be remembered that Odin in his Proto-Germanic form was not the chief god, but that he only gradually replaced Týr during the Migration period .)

Prose Edda

Odin had three residences in Asgard. First was Gladsheim , a vast hall where he presided over the twelve Diar or Judges, whom he had appointed to regulate the affairs of Asgard. Second, Valaskjálf , built of solid silver , in which there was an elevated place, Hlidskjalf , from his throne on which he could perceive all that passed throughout the whole earth. Third was Valhalla (the hall of the fallen), where Odin received the souls of the warriors killed in battle, called the Einherjar . The souls of women warriors, and those strong and beautiful women whom Odin favored, became Valkyries , who gather the souls of warriors fallen in battle (the Einherjar ), as these would be needed to fight for him in the battle of Ragnarök . They took the souls of the warriors to Valhalla. Valhalla has five hundred and forty gates, and a vast hall of gold , hung around with golden shields, and spears and coats of mail.

Odin has a number of magical artifacts associated with him: the spear Gungnir , which never misses its target; a magical gold ring (Draupnir ), from which every ninth night eight new rings appear; and two ravens Huginn and Muninn (Thought and Memory ), who fly around Earth daily and report the happenings of the world to Odin in Valhalla at night. He also owned Sleipnir , an octopedal horse , who was given to Odin by Loki , and the severed head of Mímir , which foretold the future. He also commands a pair of wolves named Geri and Freki , to whom he gives his food in Valhalla since he consumes nothing but mead or wine. From his throne, Hlidskjalf (located in Valaskjalf ), Odin could see everything that occurred in the universe . The Valknut (slain warrior's knot) is a symbol associated with Odin. It consists of three interlaced triangles.

Odin is an ambivalent deity. Old Norse (Viking Age ) connotations of Odin lie with "poetry, inspiration" as well as with "fury, madness and the wanderer." Odin sacrificed his eye (which eye he sacrificed is unclear) at Mímir 's spring in order to gain the Wisdom of Ages. Odin gives to worthy poets the mead of inspiration, made by the dwarfs, from the vessel Óð-rœrir.[2]


Odin is associated with the concept of the Wild Hunt , a noisy, bellowing movement across the sky, leading a host of slain warriors.

Consistent with this, Snorri Sturluson 's Prose Edda depicts Odin as welcoming the great, dead warriors who have died in battle into his hall, Valhalla , which, when literally interpreted, signifies the hall of the slain. The fallen, the einherjar , are assembled and entertained by Odin in order that they in return might fight for, and support, the gods in the final battle of the end of Earth, Ragnarök . Snorri also wrote that Freyja receives half of the fallen in her hall Folkvang .

He is also a god of war, appearing throughout Norse myth as the bringer of victory.[citations needed ] In the Norse sagas , Odin sometimes acts as the instigator of wars, and is said to have been able to start wars by simply throwing down his spear Gungnir , and/or sending his valkyries , to influence the battle toward the end that he desires. The Valkyries are Odin's beautiful battle maidens that went out to the fields of war to select and collect the worthy men who died in battle to come and sit at Odin's table in Valhalla, feasting and battling until they had to fight in the final battle, Ragnarök . Odin would also appear on the battle-field, sitting upon his eight-legged horse Sleipnir , with his two ravens, one on each shoulder, Hugin (Thought) and Munin (Memory) , and two wolves (Geri and Freki ) on each side of him.

Odin is also associated with trickery, cunning , and deception. Most sagas have tales of Odin using his cunning to overcome adversaries and achieve his goals, such as swindling the blood of Kvasir from the dwarves .


Odin married Freya, [Mythological].8 9 Freya was born about 219 in <Asgard or Asia or East Europe>. Other names for Freya were Frea, Freia, Freyja, and Friege.

Research Notes: Mythological wife of Odin.

From Wikipedia - Freyja :

Freyja (sometimes anglicized as Freya), cognate to Sanskrit Priya , is a major goddess in Norse Paganism , a subset of Germanic Paganism . Because the documented source of this religious tradition, the Norse Mythology , was transmitted and altered by Christian medieval historians,[1][2][3] the actual role, heathen practices and worship of the goddess are uncertain.

In the Eddas , Freya is portrayed as a goddess of love [4], beauty [4], and fertility [4]. Blonde,[5] blue-eyed,[6] and beautiful,[4] Freyja is described as the fairest of all goddesses,[7] and people prayed to her for happiness in love.[8] She was also called on to assist childbirths[9] and prayed to for good seasons.[10]

Freyja was also associated with war , battle , death , magic , prophecy , and wealth . She is cited as receiving half of the dead lost in battle in her hall Fólkvangr , whereas Odin would receive the other half at Valhalla .[11] The origin of Seid was ascribed to Freyja.[12][13]

Frigg and Freyja are the two principal goddesses in Norse religion,[14] and described as the highest amongst the Asynjur .[15] Freyja is the goddess most honoured after or along with Frigg, and her worship seems to have been even the more prevalent and important of the two.[16] In the Droplaugarsona Saga , it is described that in a temple at Ölvusvatn, Iceland , statues of Frigg and Freyja have been seated upon higher thrones opposite those of Thor and Freyr. These statues were arrayed in drapery and ornaments of gold and silver.

In Heimskringla , Freyja is also presented as a mythological Princess of Sweden . Her father Njörðr is seen as the second mythological King of Sweden , and her brother Freyr is the third. Freyr and Freyja's mother is Njörðr's sister (who has been often linked to the ancient Germanic goddess Nerthus [17]), as it is a custom of the Vanir and allowed by their laws.[12]
Further in Heimskringla, it is written that many temples and statues of native pagan gods and goddesses were raided and destroyed by Olaf Tryggvason and Saint Olaf during the gradual and violent process of the Christianization of Scandinavia . During and after the extent that the process of Christianization was complete, Freyja and many things associated with her were demonized [18] by the growing influence of Christian missionaries. After Christian influence was cemented in law, traces of belief went increasingly underground into mainly rural areas, surviving into modern times in Germanic folklore and most recently reconstructed to varying degrees in Germanic neopaganism .

Etymology
The names Freyr and Freyja come from Germanic words meaning "the Lord" and "the Lady" respectively (Germanic cognates include Gothic Fráuja "lord, master", Fráujo "lady, mistress", Old Norse Frú "mistress, lady, woman", Danish Frue, Swedish Fru, German Frau "miss, woman, wife", Old High German Frouwa, Dutch Vrouw "woman", Frisian Frou "woman", Anglo-Saxon Freo, Frea).[16] Like the French word "Dame" (from Latin "domina"), whose masculine form (Latin "dominus") had perished, the meaning of "Lord" is also no longer in use, while the title "Frau" still survives today in many Germanic languages.

Appearances in Myths
Freyja appears in many myths recorded in the Prose Edda.

Divine twins born after the war of the gods: The war between the Æsir and the Vanir was ignited by the ill treatments of the Æsir to Gullveig, as written in Völuspá . The war ended in a peace treaty, and both sides exchanged hostages. Njörðr was chosen by the Vanir, and sent from Vanaheim to Asgard where he later begot two fair children, as written in Gylfaginning (23 & 24):

The feast of the Æsir : When Ægir came to Asgard, the Æsir invited him in to their banquet. Many gods and goddesses are mentioned here: "And in the high-seats sat them down those twelve Æsir who were appointed to be judges; these were their names: Thor , Njörðr, Freyr, Týr , Heimdallr, Bragi , Vidar , Váli , Ullr , Hœnir , Forseti , Loki; and in like manner the Asynjur: Frigg, Freyja, Gefjun , Iðunn , Gerd , Sigyn , Fulla, Nanna ... The man seated next to Ægir was Bragi, and they took part together in drinking and in converse: Bragi told Ægir of many things which had come to pass among the Æsir." (Skáldskaparmál (1))

The robbery of Brísingamen : The skaldic poem Húsdrápa partially preserved in Skáldskaparmál relates the story of the theft of Brísingamen by Loki: "One day when Freyja wakes up and finds Brísingamen missing, she enlists the help of Heimdallr to help her search for it. Eventually they find the thief, who turns out to be Loki who has transformed himself into a seal. Heimdallr turns into a seal as well and fights Loki. After a lengthy battle at Singasteinn , Heimdallr wins and returns Brísingamen to Freyja." The rivalry of Loki and Heimdallr for Brísingamen is an important event, as they are destined to fight again and slay each other at the end of Ragnarök . Snorri quoted this poem, saying that because of that legend, Heimdallr is called "Seeker of Brísingamen" and Loki is called "Thief of Brísingamen": "How should one periphrase Heimdallr ? By calling him Son of Nine Mothers, or Watchman of the Gods [...] or White God, Foe of Loki, Seeker of Freyja's Necklace [...] Heimdallr is the Possessor of Gulltoppr; he is also Frequenter of Vágasker and Singasteinn, where he contended with Loki for the Necklace Brísingamen, he is also called Vindlér." (Skáldskaparmál (8)) "How should one periphrase Loki ? [...] Thief of the Giants, of the Goat, of Brísingamen, and of Iðunn's Apples, Kinsman of Sleipnir, Husband of Sigyn, Foe of the Gods, Harmer of Sif's Hair, Forger of Evil, the Sly God." (Skáldskaparmál (16))

This myth, which takes place at the sea, is maybe related to the origin of Freyja's name "Mardöll" (Sea-Bright), the bright here is maybe the glittering of the stolen Brísingamen (brísinga means "glittering, twinkling, flaming"). In Heimdallr 's name, the word dallr (light) is masculine of döll, and heim means "earth" or "land" (cf. Vanaheim , Alfheim ). This is maybe one of the lost tales of Freyja's journey in search for her husband (as Snorri wrote: "She has a great variety of names, for having gone over many countries in search of Óðr , each people gave her a different name".)[21] In Gesta Danorum is another story of a beautiful woman named Sýr (Latinized as Syritha) seeking for Óðr/Óttar (Latinized as Otharus).[16][21]

The owner of Svadilfari : This giant came to offer to build a citidel for the gods in three seasons. He demanded to marry fair Freyja, also the sun and the moon as his rewards. Following Loki's ill advice, the gods accepted the deal, but they later urged Loki to deceive the giant to protect Freyja. Loki turned into a mare and seduced Svadilfari, the huge steed of the giant. Without his horse, the giant could not complete his job, he was enraged, insulted the gods, and eventually got slain by Thor before the deal was completed. Loki's prank ultimately backfired on him, and he bore the son of the horse Svadilfari, Sleipnir . (Gylfaginning (42))

The abduction of Iðunn : The giant Thjazi captured Loki and forced him to lure Iðunn out to kidnap her along with the golden apples. Without the apples of youth, the gods grew old and they soon found out that Iðunn was missing. She was last seen going with Loki, so they cornered the giant and threathened to slay him. Loki had to borrow the hawk's plumage of Freyja to go and free Iðunn. Thjazi chased after them in eagle form, but he was roasted by the gods' fire. Thjazi is father of Skaði , who later became Freyr and Freyja's stepmother. Skaði's march to Asgard for vengeance ended in a marriage with Njörðr. (Skáldskaparmál (1))

Thor 's duel: After his race with Odin, which he lost, the champion of the giants, Hrungnir , came to Asgard. Thor is absent, so he boasted that he would destroy Valhalla , slay all the gods, and take Freyja and Sif home with him. Of all goddesses, Freyja alone was brave enough to stand and pour ale for the giant to waste time while Thor is summoned. The god of thunder, with the help of his clever servant Þjálfi , later slew Hrungnir in a duel, but Thor himself was struck by the giant's horn and also wounded. This is one of the reasons why the Hill Giants are amongst the gods' enemies at the final battle. (Skáldskaparmál (17))

Baldur 's funeral: Baldur, the best of the Æsir, can not be harmed by anything. Loki turned himself into a woman to trick Frigg into revealing that Baldur can only be hurt by the mistletoes. Loki then tricked the blind god Hödr to shoot his brother with a mistletoe twig, thus Baldur was murdered by the evil giant Loki's trickery. "People of many races visited this burning. First is to be told of Odin, how Frigg and the Valkyries went with him, and his ravens; but Freyr drove in his chariot with the boar called Gold-Mane, or Fearful-Tusk, and Heimdallr rode the horse called Gold-Top, and Freyja drove in her chariot drawn by cats..." (Gylfaginning (49))

Homologues
It has been proposed that Freyja may be the most direct mythological descendant from Nerthus .[17] Nerthus, a goddess associated with a number of Germanic tribes as described by Tacitus in the 1 AD in his work Germania , is sometimes identified with Njörðr through etymological connections. The first name is the exact older linguistical stage of the latter. Njörðr married his sister; they have a son, Freyr, and a daughter, Freyja. This secondary pair of deities may be an "emanation" of the first.[54] Like Freyja's chariot, the early Germanic goddess Nerthus was also often described as riding a wagon.

Britt-Mari Näsström posits in her "Freyja: the Great Goddess of the North" that there is a tenable connection from Freyja to other goddesses worshiped along the migration path of the Indo-Europeans who consistently appeared with either one or two cats/lions as companions, usually in the war goddess aspect but occasionally also as a love goddess. These would include: Durga , Ereshkegal , Sekhmet , Menhit , Bast , Anat , Asherah , Nana , Cybele , Rhea , and others.[55]



The child from this marriage was:

+ 7 M    i. Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary] 10 11 was born about 237 in <Hleithra, Denmark>.

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7. Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary] 10 11 (Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 237 in <Hleithra, Denmark>. Other names for Skjöldr were Skioldus and Skjold King of the Danes.

Research Notes: First legendary Danish king, supposedly the son of Odin and Friege.

From Wikipedia - Skjöldr :

Skjöldr (Latinized as Skioldus, sometimes Anglicized as Skjold or Skiold) was among the first legendary Danish kings . He is mentioned in the Prose Edda , in Ynglinga saga , in Chronicon Lethrense , in Sven Aggesen 's history, in Arngrímur Jónsson 's Latin abstract of the lost Skjöldunga saga and in Saxo Grammaticus ' Gesta Danorum . Under the name Scyld he also appears in the Old English poem Beowulf . The various accounts have little in common.
In the Skjöldunga and the Ynglinga sagas , Odin came from Asia and conquered Northern Europe. He gave Sweden to his son Yngvi and Denmark to his son Skjöldr. Since then the kings of Sweden were called Ynglings and those of Denmark Skjöldungs (Scyldings ).

Skjöldr married Gefion.12 Gefion was born in <Hleithra, Denmark>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 8 M    i. Fridleif Skjoldsson 13 was born about 259 in <Hleithra, Denmark>.

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8. Fridleif Skjoldsson 13 (Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 259 in <Hleithra, Denmark>.

Research Notes: Supposed the grandson of Odin, but I doubt it. Either it's mythical or Odin was not a god.

Fridleif married someone.

His child was:

+ 9 M    i. Frodi Fridleifsson 14 was born about 281 in <Hleithra, Denmark>.

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9. Frodi Fridleifsson 14 (Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 281 in <Hleithra, Denmark>.

Frodi married someone.

His child was:

+ 10 M    i. Fridleif Frodasson 15 was born about 303 in Hleithra, Denmark.

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10. Fridleif Frodasson 15 (Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 303 in Hleithra, Denmark.

Fridleif married someone.

His child was:

+ 11 M    i. Havar Fridleifsson 16 was born about 325 in Denmark.

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11. Havar Fridleifsson 16 (Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 325 in Denmark.

Havar married someone.

His child was:

+ 12 M    i. Frodi Havarsson 17 was born about 347 in Denmark.

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12. Frodi Havarsson 17 (Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 347 in Denmark.

Frodi married someone.

His child was:

+ 13 M    i. Vermund Frodasson 18 was born about 369 in Denmark.

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13. Vermund Frodasson 18 (Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 369 in Denmark.

Vermund married someone.

His child was:

+ 14 M    i. Olaf Vermundsson 19 was born about 391 in Denmark.

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14. Olaf Vermundsson 19 (Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 391 in Denmark.

Olaf married Danpi 20 about 411 in Denmark. Danpi was born about 395 in <Denmark>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 15 M    i. Dan Olafsson 21 was born about 412 in Denmark.

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15. Dan Olafsson 21 (Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 412 in Denmark.

Dan married someone.

His child was:

+ 16 M    i. Frodi Dansson 22 was born in 433 in Denmark.

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16. Frodi Dansson 22 (Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 433 in Denmark.

Frodi married someone.

His children were:

+ 17 M    i. Halfdan Frodasson 23 was born about 454 in Denmark.

+ 18 M    ii. Fridleif Frodasson 24 was born about 456 in Denmark.

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17. Halfdan Frodasson 23 (Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 454 in Denmark.

18. Fridleif Frodasson 24 (Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 456 in Denmark.

Fridleif married someone.

His child was:

+ 19 M    i. Frodi Fridleifsson 25 was born about 479 in Denmark.

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19. Frodi Fridleifsson 25 (Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 479 in Denmark.

Frodi married someone.

His children were:

+ 20 M    i. Ingjald Frodasson 20 was born about 501 in <Denmark>.

+ 21 M    ii. Halfdan Frodasson 26 was born about 503 in Denmark.

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20. Ingjald Frodasson 20 (Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 501 in <Denmark>.

Ingjald married someone.

His child was:

+ 22 M    i. Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug" Ingjaldsson 20 was born about 533 in <Hleithra, Denmark>.

21. Halfdan Frodasson 26 (Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 503 in Denmark.

Halfdan married Sigris 26 about 523 in Denmark.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 23 M    i. Hroar Halfdansson 27 was born about 526 in <Roskilde, Denmark>.

+ 24 M    ii. Helgi Halfdansson 28 was born about 528 in Denmark.

previous  20th Generation  Next



22. Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug" Ingjaldsson 20 (Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 533 in <Hleithra, Denmark>.

Hraerek married someone.

His child was:

+ 25 M    i. Frodi Hraereksson 20 was born about 565 in <Hleithra, Denmark>.

23. Hroar Halfdansson 27 (Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 526 in <Roskilde, Denmark>.

Hroar married Ogne, Princess of Northumberland,27 daughter of Norbrii, King of Northumberland and Unknown, about 546 in Denmark. Ogne was born about 530 in <Northumberland, England>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 26 M    i. Valdar Hroarsson 27 was born about 547 in <Denmark>.

24. Helgi Halfdansson 28 (Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 528 in Denmark.

Helgi married someone.

His child was:

+ 27 F    i. Yrsa Helgasson 29 was born about 565 in <Denmark>.

previous  21st Generation  Next



25. Frodi Hraereksson 20 (Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 565 in <Hleithra, Denmark>.

Frodi married someone.

His child was:

+ 28 M    i. Halfdan Frodasson 20 was born about 597 in <Hleithra, Denmark>.

26. Valdar Hroarsson 27 (Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 547 in <Denmark>.

Valdar married someone.

His child was:

+ 29 M    i. Harald Valdarsson 27 was born about 568 in <Jutland, Denmark>.

27. Yrsa Helgasson 29 (Helgi24, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 565 in <Denmark>.

Yrsa married Adils Ottarsson,30 son of Ottar Egilsson and Unknown,. Adils was born about 572 in <Sweden>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 30 M    i. Eystein Adilsson 31 was born about 594 in <Sweden>.

previous  22nd Generation  Next



28. Halfdan Frodasson 20 (Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 597 in <Hleithra, Denmark>.

Halfdan married someone.

His child was:

+ 31 M    i. Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga" Halfdansson 20 was born about 629 in <Am, Denmark>.

29. Harald Valdarsson 27 (Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 568 in <Jutland, Denmark>.

Harald married Hildur Heidreksdatter,27 daughter of Heidrek "Ulfhamr" Angantyrsson and Amfleda "the Younger", about 589 in <Jutland, Denmark>. Hildur was born about 572 in <Jutland, Denmark>. Other names for Hildur were Hervor Heidreksdatter and Hildis Heidreksdatter.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 32 M    i. Halfdan Haraldsson, King in Sweden 27 was born about 590 in <Jutland, Denmark> and died about 650 about age 60.

30. Eystein Adilsson 31 (Yrsa Helgasson27, Helgi24, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 594 in <Sweden>.

Eystein married someone.

His child was:

+ 33 M    i. Ingvar Eysteinsson 32 was born about 616 in <Sweden>.

previous  23rd Generation  Next



31. Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga" Halfdansson 20 (Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 629 in <Am, Denmark>.

Hraerek married Aud Ivarsdatter,27 daughter of Ivar "Vidfame" Halfdansson, King in Sweden and Gauthild Alfsdatter, about 654 in Denmark. Aud was born about 633 in <Am, Denmark>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 34 M    i. Harald "Hilditonn" Hraereksson 20 was born about 655 in <Denmark> and died in 735 about age 80.

32. Halfdan Haraldsson, King in Sweden 27 (Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 590 in <Jutland, Denmark> and died about 650 about age 60.

Halfdan married Moalda "Digri" Kinriksdatter 27 about 611 in Denmark. Moalda was born about 594 in <Jutland, Denmark>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 35 M    i. Ivar "Vidfame" Halfdansson, King in Sweden 27 was born about 612 in <Denmark> and died in 647 about age 35.

33. Ingvar Eysteinsson 32 (Eystein Adilsson30, Yrsa Helgasson27, Helgi24, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 616 in <Sweden>.

Ingvar married someone.

His child was:

+ 36 M    i. Braut-Onund Ingvarsson 33 was born about 638 in <Sweden>.

previous  24th Generation  Next



34. Harald "Hilditonn" Hraereksson 20 (Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 655 in <Denmark> and died in 735 about age 80.

Harald married someone.

His child was:

+ 37 M    i. Solgi Haraldsson 20 was born about 730 in <Norway>.

35. Ivar "Vidfame" Halfdansson, King in Sweden 27 (Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 612 in <Denmark> and died in 647 about age 35.

Ivar married Gauthild Alfsdatter,27 daughter of Alf Olafsson and Unknown, about 632 in Denmark. Gauthild was born about 614 in <Denmark>. Another name for Gauthild was Gyrithe Alfsdatter.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 38 F    i. Aud Ivarsdatter 27 was born about 633 in <Am, Denmark>.

36. Braut-Onund Ingvarsson 33 (Ingvar Eysteinsson33, Eystein Adilsson30, Yrsa Helgasson27, Helgi24, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 638 in <Sweden>.

Braut-Onund married someone.

His child was:

+ 39 M    i. Ingjald Braut-Onundsson 34 was born about 660 in <Sweden>.

previous  25th Generation  Next



37. Solgi Haraldsson 20 (Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 730 in <Norway>.

Solgi married someone.

His child was:

+ 40 M    i. Hrolf Solgasson 20 was born about 762 in <Norway>.

38. Aud Ivarsdatter 27 (Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 633 in <Am, Denmark>.

Aud married Radbart, King of Garderige 27 about 669 in Denmark. Radbart was born about 638 in <Garderige, Russia>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 41 M    i. Randver Radbartsson 27 was born about 670 in <Denmark>.

Aud next married Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga" Halfdansson,20 son of Halfdan Frodasson and Unknown, about 654 in Denmark. Hraerek was born about 629 in <Am, Denmark>.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 31)

39. Ingjald Braut-Onundsson 34 (Braut-Onund Ingvarsson36, Ingvar Eysteinsson33, Eystein Adilsson30, Yrsa Helgasson27, Helgi24, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 660 in <Sweden>.

Ingjald married Gauthild Algautsson,35 daughter of Algaut Gautreksson and Unknown,. Gauthild was born about 664 in <Sweden>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 42 M    i. Olaf Ingjaldsson 36 was born about 682 in <Vaermland, Sweden>.

previous  26th Generation  Next



40. Hrolf Solgasson 20 (Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 762 in <Norway>.

Hrolf married someone.

His child was:

+ 43 M    i. Bjarni Hrolfsson 20 was born about 794 in <Amle, Sogn Og Fjordane, Norway> and died about 870 about age 76.

41. Randver Radbartsson 27 (Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 670 in <Denmark>.

Randver married someone.

His child was:

+ 44 M    i. Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden 27 was born about 730 in <Denmark> and died in 812 about age 82.

42. Olaf Ingjaldsson 36 (Ingjald Braut-Onundsson39, Braut-Onund Ingvarsson36, Ingvar Eysteinsson33, Eystein Adilsson30, Yrsa Helgasson27, Helgi24, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 682 in <Vaermland, Sweden>.

previous  27th Generation  Next



43. Bjarni Hrolfsson 20 (Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 794 in <Amle, Sogn Og Fjordane, Norway> and died about 870 about age 76.

Bjarni married Hlif Hrolfsdatter,20 daughter of Hrolf Ingjaldsson and Unknown,. Hlif was born about 798 in <Amle, Sogn Og Fjordane, Norway>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 45 M    i. Eyvind "the Easterling" Bjarnasson 20 was born about 830 in <Amle, Sogn Og Fjordane, Norway> and died in 900 in Iceland about age 70.

44. Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden 27 (Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 730 in <Denmark> and died in 812 about age 82.

Sigurd married Alfhild Gandolfsdatter,27 daughter of Gandolf Alfgeirsson, King in Norway and Unknown, about 759 in Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden. Alfhild was born about 735 in <Denmark>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 46 M    i. Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson 27 was born about 765 in <Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden> and died about 845 in <England> about age 80.

previous  28th Generation  Next



45. Eyvind "the Easterling" Bjarnasson 20 (Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 830 in <Amle, Sogn Og Fjordane, Norway> and died in 900 in Iceland about age 70. Another name for Eyvind was Eyvind "Austmann"" Bjarnasson.

Eyvind married Rafertach MacCearbhall,20 daughter of Cearbhall MacDunghal and Unknown, about 845 in Amle, Sogn Og Fjordane, Norway. Rafertach was born about 830 in <Ireland>. Another name for Rafertach was Rafarta MacCearbhall.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 47 F    i. Thurid Eyvindsdatter 20 was born about 847 in <Amle, Sogn Og Fjordane, Norway>.

46. Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson 27 (Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 765 in <Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden> and died about 845 in <England> about age 80.

Ragnar married Aslaug Sigurdsdatter,27 daughter of Sigurd "Fafnisbana" Sigmundsson and Brynhild Budlasdatter, about 783 in Denmark. Aslaug was born about 765 in <Denmark>.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 48 M    i. Bjorn "Ironside" Ragnarsson 37 was born about 777 in <Denmark>.

+ 49 M    ii. Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson 27 was born about 786 in <Denmark>.

previous  29th Generation  Next



47. Thurid Eyvindsdatter 20 (Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 847 in <Amle, Sogn Og Fjordane, Norway>.

Thurid married Thorstein "the Red" Olafsson,27 son of Olaf "the White" Ingjaldsson, King of Ireland and Aud "Deep Minded" Ketilsdatter, about 868 in Dala, Iceland. Thorstein was born about 858 in <Dublin, Dublin, Ireland> and died in 888 in Hvammi, Dala, Iceland about age 30.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 50 F    i. Groa Thorsteinsdatter 27 was born about 873 in <Hvammi, Dala, Iceland>.

48. Bjorn "Ironside" Ragnarsson 37 (Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 777 in <Denmark>.

Bjorn married someone.

His child was:

+ 51 M    i. Refill Bjornsson 37 was born about 796 in Sweden.

49. Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson 27 (Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 786 in <Denmark>.

Sigurd married Heluna, Princess in England,20 daughter of Ella, King in England and Unknown, about 799 in Jutland, Denmark. Heluna was born about 784 in <England>. Another name for Heluna was Bleja Princess in England.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 52 F    i. Thora Sigurdsdatter 27 was born about 806 in <Jutland, Denmark>.

+ 53 M    ii. Knud Sigurdsson 37 was born about 814 in <Hord, Jutland>, Denmark.

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50. Groa Thorsteinsdatter 27 (Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 873 in <Hvammi, Dala, Iceland>.

Groa married Duncan, Earl of Caithness.27 Duncan was born about 871 in <Caithness, Scotland>. Another name for Duncan was Dungad Earl of Caithness.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 54 F    i. Grelod Duncansdatter 27 was born about 898 in <Caithness, Scotland>.

51. Refill Bjornsson 37 (Bjorn "Ironside" Ragnarsson48, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 796 in Sweden.

Refill married someone.

His child was:

+ 55 M    i. Erik Refillsson 37 was born about 814 in Sweden.

52. Thora Sigurdsdatter 27 (Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 806 in <Jutland, Denmark>.

Thora married Helgi Olafsson,27 son of Olaf Geirstad-Alf Gudrødsson, King of Jutland and Vestfold [Legendary] and Unknown, about 819 in <Ireland>. Helgi was born about 802 in <Dublin, Dublin, Ireland>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 56 M    i. Ingjald "the White" Helgasson, Petty King in Ireland 27 was born about 820 in <Dublin, Dublin, Ireland>.

53. Knud Sigurdsson 37 (Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 814 in <Hord, Jutland>, Denmark. Another name for Knud was Harde-Knud Sigurdsson.

Knud married someone.

His child was:

+ 57 M    i. Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark 37 was born about 840 in Denmark, died about 940 in Jellinge, Vejle, Denmark about age 100, and was buried in Gormshoj, Jellinge, Vejle, Denmark.

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54. Grelod Duncansdatter 27 (Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 898 in <Caithness, Scotland>. Other names for Grelod were Gerlaf Duncansdatter and Grelauga Duncansdatter.

Grelod married Thorfinn I Rollo "Hausakliffer" Einarsson,27 son of Einar "Torf" Rögnvaldsson, Earl of Orkney and Unknown, in 914 in Orkney Islands, Scotland. Thorfinn was born about 890 in <Orkney Islands, Scotland>, died after 977, and was buried in Burial Mound, Hoxa, Ronaldsay, Scotland. Another name for Thorfinn was Brico Einarsson.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 58 M    i. Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney 27 was born about 924 in <Orkney Islands, Scotland> and died between 980 and 988 in Hofn, Caithness, Scotland.

55. Erik Refillsson 37 (Refill Bjornsson51, Bjorn "Ironside" Ragnarsson48, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 814 in Sweden.

Erik married someone.

His child was:

+ 59 M    i. Emund Eriksson 37 was born about 832 in Sweden.

56. Ingjald "the White" Helgasson, Petty King in Ireland 27 (Thora Sigurdsdatter52, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 820 in <Dublin, Dublin, Ireland>.

Ingjald married someone.

His child was:

+ 60 M    i. Olaf "the White" Ingjaldsson, King of Ireland 27 was born about 840 in <Dyflinni, Ireland> and died in 871 in Dublin, Dublin, Ireland about age 31.

57. Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark 37 (Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 840 in Denmark, died about 940 in Jellinge, Vejle, Denmark about age 100, and was buried in Gormshoj, Jellinge, Vejle, Denmark.

Geva married Thyre "Danebod" 37 about 897 in Denmark. Thyre was born about 844 in Denmark, died about 935 in Jellinge, Vejle, Denmark about age 91, and was buried in Jellinghojene, Jellinge, Vejle, Denmark.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 61 M    i. Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark 37 38 was born about 910 in Denmark and died on 1 Nov 987 about age 77.

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58. Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney 27 (Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 924 in <Orkney Islands, Scotland> and died between 980 and 988 in Hofn, Caithness, Scotland. Another name for Hlodver was Lodver Thorfinnsson Earl of Orkney.

Hlodver married Audna Kjarvalsdatter 20 about 959 in Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland. Audna was born about 928 in <Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland>. Other names for Audna were Edna Kjarvalsdatter and Ethne Kjarvalsdatter.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 62 M    i. Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson 20 was born about 960 in <Orkney Islands, Scotland>, died on 23 Apr 1014 in Battle of Clontarf, Dublin, Ireland about age 54, and was buried in Burial Mound, Hofry, Caithness, Scotland.

+ 63 F    ii. Hvarflad Hlodversdatter 27 was born about 962 in <Orkney Islands, Scotland>.

59. Emund Eriksson 37 (Erik Refillsson55, Refill Bjornsson51, Bjorn "Ironside" Ragnarsson48, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 832 in Sweden. Another name for Emund was Edmund Eriksson.

Emund married someone.

His child was:

+ 64 M    i. Erik Edmundsson 37 was born about 849 in Sweden and died about 900 about age 51.

60. Olaf "the White" Ingjaldsson, King of Ireland 27 (Ingjald "the White" Helgasson, Petty King in Ireland56, Thora Sigurdsdatter52, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 840 in <Dyflinni, Ireland> and died in 871 in Dublin, Dublin, Ireland about age 31. Another name for Olaf was Olof "Hviti" Ingjaldsson King of Ireland.

Olaf married Aud "Deep Minded" Ketilsdatter 20 about 857 in Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. Aud was born about 834 in <Raumsdal, Telemark, Norway> and died in 900 in Hvammi, Dala, Iceland about age 66. Another name for Aud was Unn Ketilsdatter.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 65 M    i. Thorstein "the Red" Olafsson 27 was born about 858 in <Dublin, Dublin, Ireland> and died in 888 in Hvammi, Dala, Iceland about age 30.

61. Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark 37 38 (Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 910 in Denmark and died on 1 Nov 987 about age 77. Other names for Harald were Harald I of Denmark and Harald I "Bluetooth" King of Denmark.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Harald I of Denmark :

Harald Bluetooth Gormson (Old Norse : 'Haraldr Blátönn', Danish : Harald Blåtand, Norwegian : Harald Blåtann, Swedish : Harald Blåtand) (born c. 935) was the son of King Gorm the Old and of Thyra Dannebod . He died in 985 or 986 having ruled as King of Denmark from around 958 and king of Norway for a few years probably around 970. Some sources state that his son Sweyn forcibly deposed him as king.

The Jelling stones
Harald Bluetooth caused the Jelling stones to be erected to honour his parents.[1] Encyclopedia Britannica (Britannica) considers the runic inscriptions as the most well known in Denmark.[2] The biography of Harald Bluetooth is summed up by this runic inscription from the Jelling stones:
"Harald, king, bade these memorials to be made after Gorm, his father, and Thyra, his mother. The Harald who won the whole of Denmark and Norway and turned the Danes to Christianity."

Conversion and Christianisation of Denmark

The conversion of the Danes or, rather, the conversion of King Harald Bluetooth, is a contested bit of history, not least because medieval writers such as Widukind of Corvey and Adam of Bremen give conflicting accounts of how it came about.
We know from the runestone erected at Jelling Monument that Harald claimed to have converted the Danes himself. In his "History of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen," finished in 1076, Adam of Bremen claimed that Harald was himself forcibly converted by Otto I , after a defeat in battle.[3] In the Icelandic saga about the Kings of Norway called the Heimskringla , this story was changed somewhat to have Harald be converted, along with Earl Hakon , by Otto II .

However, Widukind of Corvey, writing nearly 100 years before Adam and during the lives of Otto I and Harald, mentioned no such episode in his Res gestae saxonicae sive annalium libri tres or "Deeds of the Saxons". Considering that this history was at least partly written to promote the greatness of Otto and his family, this silence is damning to Adam of Bremen's claim. Widukind himself claims that Harald was converted by a "cleric by the name of Poppa" who, when asked by Harald whether he would be tested as to his faith in Christ, supposedly carried "a great weight of iron" heated by a fire without being burned.[4] A similar story does appear in Adam of Bremen's history, but about Eric of Sweden , who had supposedly conquered Denmark (there is no evidence that this happened anywhere else), and a self-immolating cleric named Poppo.[5] The story of this otherwise unknown Poppo or Poppa's miracle and baptism of Harald is also depicted on the gilded altar piece in the Church of Tandrup in Denmark, a detail of which is at the top of this article. The altar itself has been dated to about 1200.[6] Adam of Bremen's claim regarding Otto I and Harald appears to have been inspired by an attempt to manufacture a historical reason for the archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen to claim jurisdiction over Denmark (and thus the rest of Scandinavia); in the 1070s, the Danish King was in Rome asking for Denmark to have its own arch-bishop, and Adam's account of Harald's supposed conversion (and baptism of both him and his "little son" Sweyn , with Otto serving as Sweyn's godfather) is followed by the unambiguous claim that "At that time Denmark on this side of the sea, which is called Jutland by the inhabitants, was divided into three dioceses and subjected to the bishopric of Hamburg."[7]

As noted above, Harald's father, Gorm the Old had died in 958, and he had been buried in a mound with many grave goods, after the pagan practice. The mound was itself from c. 500 BCE, but Harald had it built higher over his father's grave, and added a second mound to the south. Mound-building was a newly revived custom in the tenth century, possibly as a "self-conscious appeal to old traditions in the face of Christian customs spreading from Denmark's southern neighbors, the Germans."[8]
But after his conversion, in about the 960s, Harald had his father's body disinterred and reburied in the church he built next to the now empty mound, and erected the now famous Jelling stones described above.

Reign
During his reign, Harald oversaw the reconstruction not only of the Jelling runic stones but of other projects as well. Some believe that these projects were a way for him to preserve the economic and military control of his country. During that time, ring forts were built in five strategic locations: Trelleborg on Sjælland , Nonnebakken on Fyn , Fyrkat in central Jylland , Aggersborg near Limfjord , and Trelleborg near the city of Trelleborg in Scania in present-day Sweden . All five fortresses had similar designs: "perfectly circular with gates opening to the four corners of the earth, and a courtyard divided into four areas which held large houses set in a square pattern"[10] A sixth Trelleborg is located in Borgeby , in Scania in present-day Sweden. This one has been dated to the vicinity of 1000 AD and has a similar design, so it too may have been built by king Harald.
He also constructed the oldest known bridge in southern Scandinavia, known as the Ravninge Bridge in Ravninge meadows, which was 5m wide and 760m long.

While absolute quiet prevailed throughout the interior, he was even able to turn his thoughts to foreign enterprises. Again and again he came to the help of Richard the Fearless of Normandy (in the years 945 and 963), while his son conquered Samland and, after the assassination of King Harald Graafeld of Norway, he also managed to force the people of that country into temporary subjection to himself.
The Norse sagas presents Harald in a rather negative light. He was forced twice to submit to the renegade Swedish prince Styrbjörn the Strong of the Jomsvikings - first by giving Styrbjörn a fleet and his daughter Tyra , the second time by giving up himself as hostage and an additional fleet. Styrbjörn brought this fleet to Uppsala in Sweden in order to claim the throne of Sweden. However, this time Harald broke his oath and fled with his Danes in order to avoid facing the Swedish army at the Battle of the Fýrisvellir .
As a consequence of Harald's army having lost to the Germans in the shadow of Danevirke in 974, he no longer had control of Norway and Germans having settled back into the border area between Scandinavia and Germany. The German settlers were driven out of Denmark in 983 by an alliance consisting of Obodrite soldiers and troops loyal to Harald. Soon after, Harald was killed fighting off a rebellion led by his son Sweyn. He was believed to have died in 986 , although there are many other accounts that claim he died in 985.

Marriages and issue

Gyrid Olafsdottir , probably by 950.
Thyra Haraldsdotter , married Styrbjörn Starke
Sveyn Forkbeard . Born about 960. Usually given as the son of Harald and Gyrid, though it is said in some of the older sagas that he was an illegitimate son.
Hakon. Born in 961.
Gunhilde . She married Pallig , Jarl and Ealdorman in Devon. They both died in the St. Brice's Day massacre in November 1002.
Thora (Tova) the daughter of Mistivir in 970. She raised the Sønder Vissing Runestone after her mother.


Harald married Gyrid Olafsdottir 37 39 by 950. Gyrid was born about 930 in Denmark. Other names for Gyrid were Gunhild and Gyrithe Olafsdatter.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 66 F    i. Thyra Haraldsdatter, Queen of Norway 37 was born about 947 in <Denmark> and died on 18 Sep 1000 in Norway about age 53.

+ 67 M    ii. Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England 37 was born about 960 in Denmark, died on 2 Feb 1014 in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England about age 54, and was buried in Hellig Trefoldigheds Kirke, Roskilde, Roskilde, Denmark.

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62. Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson 20 (Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 960 in <Orkney Islands, Scotland>, died on 23 Apr 1014 in Battle of Clontarf, Dublin, Ireland about age 54, and was buried in Burial Mound, Hofry, Caithness, Scotland.

Sigurd married Anleta "Thora Donada" MacKenneth,20 daughter of Malcolm II, King of Scots and Unknown, about 988 in Scotland. Anleta was born about 968 in <Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland>.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, line 170-18 (Mael-Coluim)


The child from this marriage was:

+ 68 M    i. Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney 20 was born about 989 in <Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland> and died in 1064 in <Christ's Kirk, Birdsey, Scotland> about age 75.

Sigurd next married someone.

His child was:

+ 69 M    i. Brusi Sigurdsson 40 was born about 987 in <Orkney Islands, Scotland> and died in 1031 in Orkney Islands, Scotland about age 44.

63. Hvarflad Hlodversdatter 27 (Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 962 in <Orkney Islands, Scotland>. Other names for Hvarflad were Nereid Hlodversdatter and Svalaug Hlodversdatter.

Hvarflad married Gille, Earl of the Hebrides 27 about 990. Gille was born about 958 in <Orkney Islands, Scotland>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 70 M    i. Gille Adoman I Gilleson 27 was born about 976 in <Orkney, Scotland>.

64. Erik Edmundsson 37 (Emund Eriksson59, Erik Refillsson55, Refill Bjornsson51, Bjorn "Ironside" Ragnarsson48, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 849 in Sweden and died about 900 about age 51. Another name for Erik was Erik Emundsson.

Erik married someone.

His child was:

+ 71 M    i. Bjorn "the Old" Eriksson, King of Sweden 37 was born about 867 in <Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden> and died about 950 about age 83.

65. Thorstein "the Red" Olafsson 27 (Olaf "the White" Ingjaldsson, King of Ireland60, Ingjald "the White" Helgasson, Petty King in Ireland56, Thora Sigurdsdatter52, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 858 in <Dublin, Dublin, Ireland> and died in 888 in Hvammi, Dala, Iceland about age 30.

Thorstein married Thurid Eyvindsdatter,20 daughter of Eyvind "the Easterling" Bjarnasson and Rafertach MacCearbhall, about 868 in Dala, Iceland. Thurid was born about 847 in <Amle, Sogn Og Fjordane, Norway>.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 47)

66. Thyra Haraldsdatter, Queen of Norway 37 (Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 947 in <Denmark> and died on 18 Sep 1000 in Norway about age 53.

Thyra married Styrbjorn "the Strong" Olafsson, Prince of Sweden,37 son of Olof "Mitkg" Bjornsson, King of Sweden and Ingeberg Thrandsdotter,. Styrbjorn was born about 903 in Sweden and died in 985 in Fyrisval, Uppsala, Sweden about age 82.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 72 M    i. Thorgil "Sprakaleg" Styrjornsson 37 was born about 970 in <Uppsala, Uppsala>, Sweden.

67. Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England 37 (Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 960 in Denmark, died on 2 Feb 1014 in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England about age 54, and was buried in Hellig Trefoldigheds Kirke, Roskilde, Roskilde, Denmark. Another name for Svend was Sveyn "Forkbeard."

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - "Sveyn Forkbeard . Born about 960. Usually given as the son of Harald and Gyrid, though it is said in some of the older sagas that he was an illegitimate son."

Svend married Swietoslava,37 daughter of Mieszko, Prince of Poland and Dbubravka, Princess of Bohemia, in 998. Swietoslava was born about 970 in <Poznan, Poznan>, Poland and died after 2 Feb 1014. Another name for Swietoslava was Sygryda.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 73 F    i. Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark 37 was born about 997 in Denmark and was buried in Cathedral, Roskilde, Roskilde, Denmark.

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68. Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney 20 (Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 989 in <Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland> and died in 1064 in <Christ's Kirk, Birdsey, Scotland> about age 75.

Thorfinn married Ingeborg Finnsdatter,20 daughter of Finn Arnesson, Earl of Halland and Unknown, before 1038. Ingeborg was born about 1021 in <Osteraat, Yrje, Norway> and died about 1066 about age 45.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 74 M    i. Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness 20 was born about 1040 in <Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland> and died in 1103 in Bergen, Hordaland, Norway about age 63.

69. Brusi Sigurdsson 40 (Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 987 in <Orkney Islands, Scotland> and died in 1031 in Orkney Islands, Scotland about age 44. Another name for Brusi was Brucie Sigurdsson.

Brusi married Ostrida Regenwaldsdatter 40 about 1010 in Orkney Islands, Scotland. Ostrida was born about 990 in <Gothland, Sweden>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 75 M    i. Ragnvald Brusesson 40 was born about 1011 in <Orkney Islands, Scotland>, died in Dec 1046 in Papa Stronsay, Orkney Islands, Scotland about age 35, and was buried in Papa Westroy, Orkney, Scotland.

70. Gille Adoman I Gilleson 27 (Hvarflad Hlodversdatter63, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 976 in <Orkney, Scotland>.

Gille married someone.

His child was:

+ 76 M    i. Gillebride 27 was born about 1010 in <Scotland>.

71. Bjorn "the Old" Eriksson, King of Sweden 37 (Erik Edmundsson64, Emund Eriksson59, Erik Refillsson55, Refill Bjornsson51, Bjorn "Ironside" Ragnarsson48, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 867 in <Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden> and died about 950 about age 83.

Bjorn married someone.

His child was:

+ 77 M    i. Olof "Mitkg" Bjornsson, King of Sweden 37 was born about 885 in Sweden.

72. Thorgil "Sprakaleg" Styrjornsson 37 (Thyra Haraldsdatter, Queen of Norway66, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 970 in <Uppsala, Uppsala>, Sweden.

Thorgil married Sigrid.37 Sigrid was born about 971 in <Halland>, Sweden.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 78 M    i. Ulf Thorgilsson 37 was born about 993 in <Halland>, Sweden, died on 29 Sep 1027 in Roskilde, Denmark about age 34, and was buried in Hellige-Trefolg, Kirken, Roskilde, , Denmark.

73. Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark 37 (Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 997 in Denmark and was buried in Cathedral, Roskilde, Roskilde, Denmark. Another name for Estrid was Margrete Svensdatter.

Estrid married Ulf Thorgilsson,37 son of Thorgil "Sprakaleg" Styrjornsson and Sigrid,. Ulf was born about 993 in <Halland>, Sweden, died on 29 Sep 1027 in Roskilde, Denmark about age 34, and was buried in Hellige-Trefolg, Kirken, Roskilde, , Denmark.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 79 M    i. Bjorn Ulfiusson 37 was born about 1021 in <Denmark> and died about 1049 about age 28.

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74. Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness 20 (Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1040 in <Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland> and died in 1103 in Bergen, Hordaland, Norway about age 63. Another name for Paul was Paal Thorfinnsson Jarl of Orkney and Caithness.

Paul married Ragnhild Haakonsdatter,20 daughter of Haakon Ivarsson and Ragnhild Magnusdatter, Princess of Norway,. Ragnhild was born about 1044 in <Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 80 M    i. Haakon Paalsson 20 was born about 1070 in <Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland> and died in 1122 in Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland about age 52.

75. Ragnvald Brusesson 40 (Brusi Sigurdsson69, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1011 in <Orkney Islands, Scotland>, died in Dec 1046 in Papa Stronsay, Orkney Islands, Scotland about age 35, and was buried in Papa Westroy, Orkney, Scotland. Another name for Ragnvald was Rognvald Brusesson.

Death Notes: Killed

Ragnvald married Arlogia,40 daughter of Waldemar, Duke of Russia and Unknown, about 1034 in <Russia>. Arlogia was born about 1015 in <Russia>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 81 M    i. Robert de Brusse 40 was born about 1036 in <Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland> and died between 1080 and 1098.

76. Gillebride 27 (Gille Adoman I Gilleson70, Hvarflad Hlodversdatter63, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1010 in <Scotland>.

Gillebride married someone.

His child was:

+ 82 M    i. Somerled I Gillebrideson 27 was born about 1030 in <Scotland>.

77. Olof "Mitkg" Bjornsson, King of Sweden 37 (Bjorn "the Old" Eriksson, King of Sweden71, Erik Edmundsson64, Emund Eriksson59, Erik Refillsson55, Refill Bjornsson51, Bjorn "Ironside" Ragnarsson48, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 885 in Sweden.

Olof married Ingeberg Thrandsdotter.37 Ingeberg was born about 886 in <Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 83 M    i. Styrbjorn "the Strong" Olafsson, Prince of Sweden 37 was born about 903 in Sweden and died in 985 in Fyrisval, Uppsala, Sweden about age 82.

78. Ulf Thorgilsson 37 (Thorgil "Sprakaleg" Styrjornsson72, Thyra Haraldsdatter, Queen of Norway66, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 993 in <Halland>, Sweden, died on 29 Sep 1027 in Roskilde, Denmark about age 34, and was buried in Hellige-Trefolg, Kirken, Roskilde, , Denmark.

Ulf married Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark,37 daughter of Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England and Swietoslava,. Estrid was born about 997 in Denmark and was buried in Cathedral, Roskilde, Roskilde, Denmark. Another name for Estrid was Margrete Svensdatter.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 73)

79. Bjorn Ulfiusson 37 (Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1021 in <Denmark> and died about 1049 about age 28. Another name for Bjorn was Bjorn Estridsen.

Bjorn married someone.

His child was:

+ 84 M    i. Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland 37 41 42 was born before 1013 in <Denmark>, died in 1055 in York, Yorkshire, England, and was buried in Galmanho Abby, York, Yorkshire, England.

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80. Haakon Paalsson 20 (Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1070 in <Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland> and died in 1122 in Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland about age 52. Another name for Haakon was Haco Paalsson.

Haakon married Helga Maddannsdatter,20 daughter of Moddan, Earl of Caithness and Unknown, about 1103 in Orkney Islands, Scotland. Helga was born about 1080 in <Caithness, Scotland>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 85 F    i. Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter 20 was born about 1106 in <Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland>.

81. Robert de Brusse 40 (Ragnvald Brusesson75, Brusi Sigurdsson69, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1036 in <Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland> and died between 1080 and 1098.

Robert married Emma, de Brittany,40 daughter of Alan, Count of Brittany and Unknown,. Emma was born about 1034 in Brittany, (France) and died about 1094 about age 60.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 86 M    i. Adam Brus 40 was born about 1051 in <Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland> and died between 1080 and 1098.

82. Somerled I Gillebrideson 27 (Gillebride76, Gille Adoman I Gilleson70, Hvarflad Hlodversdatter63, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1030 in <Scotland>.

Somerled married someone.

His child was:

+ 87 M    i. Imergi Somerledson 27 was born about 1050 in <Scotland>.

83. Styrbjorn "the Strong" Olafsson, Prince of Sweden 37 (Olof "Mitkg" Bjornsson, King of Sweden77, Bjorn "the Old" Eriksson, King of Sweden71, Erik Edmundsson64, Emund Eriksson59, Erik Refillsson55, Refill Bjornsson51, Bjorn "Ironside" Ragnarsson48, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 903 in Sweden and died in 985 in Fyrisval, Uppsala, Sweden about age 82.

Styrbjorn married Thyra Haraldsdatter, Queen of Norway,37 daughter of Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark and Gyrid Olafsdottir,. Thyra was born about 947 in <Denmark> and died on 18 Sep 1000 in Norway about age 53.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 66)

84. Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland 37 41 42 (Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born before 1013 in <Denmark>, died in 1055 in York, Yorkshire, England, and was buried in Galmanho Abby, York, Yorkshire, England. Other names for Sigurd were Siward Earl of Northumbria, Siward Biornsson, and Sigurd Bjornsson Earl of Northumberland.

Birth Notes: FamilySearch has b. abt 1020.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Siward, Earl of Northumbria :

Siward or Sigurd (Old English : Sigeweard) was an earl and commander in 11th-century northern England. The Old Norse nickname Digri ("the Stout") and Latin translation Grossus ("the Fat") are given to him by near-contemporary texts.[1] The English name Sigeweard was cognate to the single Old Norse name written variously as Sigvarðr and Sigurðr.[2]


Probably of Scandinavian origin, Siward emerged as a powerful regional strongman in England during the reign of Cnut (1016-1035). By 1033 Siward was in control of what is now Yorkshire, governing southern Northumbria as earl on Cnut's behalf. He married Ælfflæd, the daughter of an Earl of Bamburgh . After killing a different Earl of Bamburgh in 1041, Siward gained control of all Northumbria. He exerted his power in support of Kings Harthacnut and Edward , and turned against the Scottish King Mac Bethad mac Findlaích ("Macbeth"), whom he defeated in battle in 1054. Siward died the following year.

Henry of Huntingdon, in his Historia Anglorum, related that when Siward was attacked by dysentery , fearing to die "like a cow" and wishing rather to die like a soldier, he clothed himself in armour and took to hand an axe and shield. Ennobled in such a manner, Siward died.[81] This anecdote is of doubtful historicity, and is thought to be derived from the saga devoted to Earl Siward, now lost.[82] The Vita Ædwardi Regis said that Siward died at York and was buried in "the monastery of St Olaf", i.e., Galmanho , a claim confirmed by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the Worcester Chronicle, and the Historia Regum among others.[83]

Sigurd married Aelfflaed, of Bernicia,43 44 45 daughter of Ealdred, Earl of Bernicia and Unknown,. Aelfflaed was born about 1031 in <Bernicia, Northumbria>, England. Other names for Aelfflaed were Aelfled of Bernicia and Elfleda of Bernicia.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria :

[Waltheof] was the second son of Siward, Earl of Northumbria . His mother was Aelfflaed, daughter of Ealdred, Earl of Bernicia , son of Uhtred, Earl of Northumbria . In 1054, Waltheof's brother, Osbearn, who was much older than him, was killed in battle, making Waltheof his father's heir. Siward himself died in 1055, and Waltheof being far too young to succeed as Earl of Northumbria, King Edward appointed Tostig Godwinson to the earldom.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 88 M    i. Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland 37 43 45 was born in 1050, died on 31 May 1076 in Winchester, (Hampshire), England at age 26, and was buried in Chapter House of Croyland Abbey, Winchester, Hampshire, England.

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85. Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter 20 (Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1106 in <Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland>.

Ingebiorg married Olave I Bitling, King of the Isle of Man,20 son of Godfred Crovan Haraldson and Unknown,. Olave was born about 1080 in <Isle of Man> and died after 1153 in Isle of Man (Mann).

The child from this marriage was:

+ 89 F    i. Ragnhild Olafsdatter 20 was born about 1117 in <Isle of Man>.

86. Adam Brus 40 (Robert de Brusse81, Ragnvald Brusesson75, Brusi Sigurdsson69, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1051 in <Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland> and died between 1080 and 1098. Another name for Adam was Adelm Brus.

Adam married Emma Ramsey.40 Emma was born about 1062 in <Carrick, Argyllshire, Scotland>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 90 M    i. Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale 46 was born about 1071 in <Skelton, Yorkshire, England>, died on 11 May 1141 in Skelton, North Yorkshire, England about age 70, and was buried in Gisborough Priory, Guisborough, North Yorkshire, England.

87. Imergi Somerledson 27 (Somerled I Gillebrideson82, Gillebride76, Gille Adoman I Gilleson70, Hvarflad Hlodversdatter63, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1050 in <Scotland>. Another name for Imergi was Gilledoman Somerledson.

Imergi married someone.

His child was:

+ 91 M    i. Gillebride 27 was born about 1080 in <Scotland>.

88. Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland 37 43 45 (Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1050, died on 31 May 1076 in Winchester, (Hampshire), England at age 26, and was buried in Chapter House of Croyland Abbey, Winchester, Hampshire, England.

Death Notes: Beheaded

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria :

Waltheof (1050 -31 May 1076 ), Earl of Northumbria and last of the Anglo-Saxon earls . He was the only English aristocrat to be formally executed during the reign of William I . He was reputed for his physical strength but was weak and unreliable in character.

Early Life
He was the second son of Siward, Earl of Northumbria . His mother was Aelfflaed, daughter of Ealdred, Earl of Bernicia , son of Uhtred, Earl of Northumbria . In 1054, Waltheof's brother, Osbearn, who was much older than him, was killed in battle, making Waltheof his father's heir. Siward himself died in 1055, and Waltheof being far too young to succeed as Earl of Northumbria, King Edward appointed Tostig Godwinson to the earldom.

He was said to be devout and charitable and was probably educated for a monastic life. In fact, around 1065 he became an earl, governing Northamptonshire and Huntingdonshire . Following the Battle of Hastings he submitted to William and was allowed to keep his pre-Conquest title and possessions. He remained at William's court until 1068.

First revolt
When Sweyn II invaded Northern England in 1069 Waltheof and Edgar Ætheling joined the Danes and took part in the attack on York . He would again make a fresh submission to William after the departure of the invaders in 1070. He was restored to his earldom, and went on to marry William's niece, Judith of Lens . In 1072, he was appointed Earl of Northampton .

The Domesday Book mentions Waltheof ("Walleff"); "'In Hallam ("Halun"), one manor with its sixteen hamlets, there are twenty-nine carucates [~14 km²] to be taxed. There Earl Waltheof had an "Aula" [hall or court]. There may have been about twenty ploughs. This land Roger de Busli holds of the Countess Judith." (Hallam, or Hallamshire , is now part of the city of Sheffield .

In 1072, William expelled Gospatric from the earldom of Northumbria. Gospatric was Waltheof's cousin and had taken part in the attack on York with him, but like Waltheof, had been pardoned by William. Gospatric fled into exile and William appointed Waltheof as the new earl.

Waltheof had many enemies in the north. Amongst them were members of a family who had killed Waltheof's maternal great-grandfather, Uchtred the Bold , and his grandfather Ealdred . This was part of a long-running blood feud. In 1074, Waltheof moved against the family by sending his retainers to ambush them, succeeding in killing the two eldest of four brothers.

Second revolt and death
In 1075 Waltheof joined the Revolt of the Earls against William. His motives for taking part in the revolt are unclear, as is the depth of his involvement. However he repented, confessing his guilt first to Archbishop Lanfranc , and then in person to William, who was at the time in Normandy . He returned to England with William but was arrested, brought twice before the king's court and sentenced to death.

He spent almost a year in confinement before being beheaded on May 31 , 1076 at St. Giles's Hill , near Winchester . He was said to have spent the months of his captivity in prayer and fasting. Many people believed in his innocence and were surprised when the execution was carried out. His body was initially thrown in a ditch, but was later retrieved and was buried in the chapter house of Croyland Abbey .

Family and children
In 1070 he married Judith of Lens , daughter of Lambert II, Count of Lens and Adelaide of Normandy , Countess of Aumale . They had three daughters, the eldest of whom, Maud , brought the earldom of Huntingdon to her second husband, David I of Scotland , and another of whom, Adelise, married the Anglo-Norman noble Raoul III of Tosny .

One of Waltheof's grandsons was Waltheof (d. 1159), abbot of Melrose .

Noted events in his life were:

• Earl of Northampton:

Waltheof married Judith, of Lens,37 45 47 daughter of Enguerrand II, Count of Ponthieu and Adelaide, of Normandy, Countess of Aumale, in 1070 in Artois, France. Judith was born in 1054 in <Lens, Artois>, France. Another name for Judith was Judith of Boulogne.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 130-25, also 98A-23. From note for Line 148-22 (after 22. Lambert of Boulogne): "Judith of Lens (Gen. 23 in previous editions) appears to have been Adelaide's child by her first marriage to Enguerrand II. See Judith of Lens (130-25, 98A-23) for her descendants.)

Here father was previously thought to be Lambert II, Count of Lens (e.g., in Magna Charta Barons, p. 81).


Children from this marriage were:

+ 92 F    i. Maud, of Huntingdon 48 49 50 was born about 1074 and died in 1131 about age 57.

+ 93 F    ii. Alice Huntingdon 37 45 was born about 1085 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died after 1126.

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89. Ragnhild Olafsdatter 20 (Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1117 in <Isle of Man>.

Ragnhild married Somerled, King of the Isles,27 son of Gillebride and Unknown,. Somerled was born about 1113 in <Morven, Argyleshire, Scotland>, died on 1 Jan 1164 in Renfrew, (Renfrewshire), Scotland about age 51, and was buried in Abbey of Saddell, Kintyre, Argule, Scotland.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 94 M    i. Reginald, Lord of the Isles 27 51 was born about 1148 in <Morven, Argyleshire, Scotland> and died in 1207 in Kintyre, Argyleshire, Scotland about age 59.

90. Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale 46 (Adam Brus86, Robert de Brusse81, Ragnvald Brusesson75, Brusi Sigurdsson69, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1071 in <Skelton, Yorkshire, England>, died on 11 May 1141 in Skelton, North Yorkshire, England about age 70, and was buried in Gisborough Priory, Guisborough, North Yorkshire, England. Other names for Robert were Robert Bruce 1st Lord of Annandale and Robert I de Brus 1st Lord of Annandale.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale :

Robert I de Brus (died 1142) was an early 12th century Norman baron and knight, the first of the Bruce dynasty of Scotland. A monastic patron, he is remembered as the founder of Gisborough Priory in Yorkshire in 1119.[1]

Family
Nothing is known of Robert's father, except that he was a landowner in Normandy.[2] An early modern historiographical tradition that he was the son of a Norman noble named Robert de Brus who came to England with William the Conqueror has been found to be without basis.[2]
Modern historians contend that Robert may have come from Brix, Manche , near Cherbourg in the Cotentin Peninsula , and came to Britain after King Henry I of England 's conquest of Normandy (i.e: at the same time as Alan fitzFlaad , ancestor of the Stewart Royal Family). David fitz Malcolm (after 1124 King David I of Scotland ), was present in France with King Henry and was granted much of the Cotentin Peninsula. It is suggested that Robert de Brus's presences and absences at Henry's court coincide with David's.

Scotland
Whatever his immediate ancestry, what is known beyond doubt is that he went to Scotland, where the new King, David , made Robert Lord of Annandale in 1124,[3]. although there is scant evidence that this Robert took up residence on his Scottish estates.

Battle of The Standard
After the death of King Henry, David turned against Henry's successor, King Stephen . As a result Robert de Brus and King David parted company, with Robert bitterly renouncing his homage to David before taking the English side at the Battle of the Standard .[4]

[edit ] Marriage
Robert is said to have married twice: (1) Agnes, daughter of Geoffrey Bainard, sheriff of York and (2) Agnes, daughter and heiress of Fulk de Pagnall, Lord of Carleton, Yorkshire[5][6]
There were two sons, but it is unclear by which spouse:
Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale , who inherited the Lordship of Annandale .
Adam de Brus, whose descendants continued to hold lands in England as Lords of Skelton . When Peter de Brus III, last Bruce Lord of Skelton, died in 1272, his sisters were co-heiresses. One of them, Laderia, carried Carleton to her marriage with John de Bellew, whose daughter, Sybil married Sir Miles de Stapleton (k. 1314, at the Battle of Bannockburn ), whose family were subsequently designated "of Carleton".[7][8] This appears to confirm the de Brus and de Pagnall of Carleton connection. Sir Miles Stapleton's son and heir, Sir Gilbert (d. 1321) married Agnes, daughter of Bryan FitzAlan, Lord FitzAlan ,[9] and a granddaughter of Devorguilla of Galloway (d. 1290) wife of John de Balliol, Lord of Barnard Castle , whose son was King John of Scotland .[10]

Noted events in his life were:

• Created: Lord of Annandale, 1124. by David, King of Scotland

• Founded: Gisborough Abbey, 1119, Guisborough, North Yorkshire, England.

Robert married Agnes Bainard,52 daughter of Geoffrey Bainard, Sheriff of York and Unknown,.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale:

"Robert is said to have married twice: (1) Agnes, daughter of Geoffrey Bainard, sheriff of York and (2) Agnes, daughter and heiress of Fulk de Pagnall, Lord of Carleton, Yorkshire[5][6]
There were two sons, but it is unclear by which spouse:"

Robert next married Agnes de Pagnall,52 53 daughter of Fulk de Pagnall, Lord of Carleton, Yorkshire and Unknown,. Agnes was born about 1076 in <Skelton, Yorkshire, England>. Another name for Agnes was Agnes Pagnel.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale:

"Robert is said to have married twice: (1) Agnes, daughter of Geoffrey Bainard, sheriff of York and (2) Agnes, daughter and heiress of Fulk de Pagnall, Lord of Carleton, Yorkshire[5][6]
There were two sons, but it is unclear by which spouse:"


Children from this marriage were:

+ 95 M    i. Adam Brus 52 53 was born about 1101 in <Skelton, Yorkshire, England>, died in 1143 about age 42, and was buried in Gisborough Priory, Guisborough, North Yorkshire, England.

+ 96 M    ii. Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale 54 died in 1194.

91. Gillebride 27 (Imergi Somerledson87, Somerled I Gillebrideson82, Gillebride76, Gille Adoman I Gilleson70, Hvarflad Hlodversdatter63, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1080 in <Scotland>.

Gillebride married someone.

His child was:

+ 97 M    i. Somerled, King of the Isles 27 was born about 1113 in <Morven, Argyleshire, Scotland>, died on 1 Jan 1164 in Renfrew, (Renfrewshire), Scotland about age 51, and was buried in Abbey of Saddell, Kintyre, Argule, Scotland.

92. Maud, of Huntingdon 48 49 50 (Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1074 and died in 1131 about age 57. Other names for Maud were Matilda of Huntingdon and Maude of Huntingdon.

Research Notes: Widow of Simon de St. Liz.

From Wikipedia - Maud, Countess of Huntingdon :

Maud of Northumbria (1074-1130), countess for the Honour of Huntingdon , was the daughter of Waltheof II, Earl of Northumbria and Judith of Lens , the last of the major Anglo-Saxon earls to remain powerful after the Norman conquest of England in 1066. She inherited her father's earldom of Huntingdon and married twice.

Her mother, Judith, refused to marry Simon I of St Liz, 1st Earl of Northampton . This refusal angered her uncle, King William I of England , who confiscated Judith's estates after she fled the country. Instead her daughter Maud was married to Simon of St Liz in 1090. She had a number of children with St Liz including:
Matilda of St Liz (Maud), married Robert FitzRichard and then Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester ..
Simon II de St Liz, 4th Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton .
Saint Walteof de St Liz (1100 - bt 1159 - 1160).

Her first husband died in 1109 and Maud next married King David I of Scotland in 1113. From this marriage she had one son, Henry .

The Scottish House of Dunkeld produced the remaining Earls of Huntingdon of the first creation of the title. She was succeeded to the Earldom of Huntingdon by her son Henry.

According to John of Fordun , she died in 1130 and was buried at Scone, but she appears in a charter dated 1147.

Noted events in her life were:

• Countess of Huntingdon and Northumberland:

Maud married Simon de Senlis, Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton,55 56 son of Ranulph the Rich and Unknown, about 1090. Simon died about 1110. Other names for Simon were Simon de St. Liz and Simon de Senliz Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton.

Research Notes: Crusader, son of Ranulph the Rich, a Norman.

From Wikipedia - Simon I de Senlis, Earl of Huntingdon-Northampton :

Simon I of St Liz, 1st Earl of Northampton and 1st Earl of Huntingdon[1] (died 1109) was a Norman nobleman.

He built Northampton Castle and the town walls[2]. He also built one of the three remaining Round churches in England , the The Holy Sepulchre , Sheep Street, Northampton ).

Family
He married Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon . Simon de Senlis, 4th Earl of Northampton was their son. A daughter, Maud de St. Liz, married Robert Fitz Richard . Waltheof of Melrose was also a son.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 98 F    i. Maud de St. Liz 57 58 59 died in 1140.


Maud next married David I "The Saint", King of Scots,60 61 son of Malcolm III Canmore, King of Scots and Saint Margaret, of Scotland, 1113 or 1114. David was born about 1083, died on 24 May 1153 in Carlisle about age 70, and was buried in Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, Scotland. Another name for David was Dabíd mac Maíl Choluim.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - David I of Scotland :

David I or Dabíd mac Maíl Choluim (Modern : Daibhidh I mac [Mhaoil] Chaluim;[1] 1083 x 1085 - 24 May 1153) was a 12th-century ruler who was Prince of the Cumbrians (1113-1124) and later King of the Scots (1124-1153). The youngest son of Malcolm III and Margaret , David spent most of his childhood in Scotland , but was exiled to England temporarily in 1093. Perhaps after 1100, he became a dependent at the court of King Henry I . There he was influenced by the Norman and Anglo-French culture of the court.

When David's brother Alexander I of Scotland died in 1124, David chose, with the backing of Henry I, to take the Kingdom of Scotland (Alba ) for himself. He was forced to engage in warfare against his rival and nephew, Máel Coluim mac Alaxandair . Subduing the latter seems to have taken David ten years, a struggle that involved the destruction of Óengus , Mormaer of Moray . David's victory allowed expansion of control over more distant regions theoretically part of his Kingdom. After the death of his former patron Henry I, David supported the claims of Henry's daughter and his own niece, the former Empress-consort, Matilda , to the throne of England. In the process, he came into conflict with King Stephen and was able to expand his power in northern England, despite his defeat at the Battle of the Standard in 1138.

The term "Davidian Revolution " is used by many scholars to summarise the changes which took place in the Kingdom of Scotland during his reign. These included his foundation of burghs , implementation of the ideals of Gregorian Reform , foundation of monasteries , Normanisation of the Scottish government, and the introduction of feudalism through immigrant French and Anglo-French knights.

Childhood and flight to England
David was born at an unknown point between 1083 and 1085.[2] He was probably the eighth son of King Malcolm III , and certainly the sixth and youngest produced by Malcolm's second marriage to Queen Margaret .[3]

In 1093 King Malcolm and David's brother Edward were killed at the river Aln during an invasion of Northumberland .[4] David and his two brothers Alexander and Edgar , both future kings of Scotland, were probably present when their mother died shortly afterwards.[5] According to later medieval tradition, the three brothers were in Edinburgh when they were besieged by their uncle, Donald Bane .[6]


Donald became King of Scotland.[7] It is not certain what happened next, but an insertion in the Chronicle of Melrose states that Donald forced his three nephews into exile, although he was allied with another of his nephews, Edmund .[8] John of Fordun wrote, centuries later, that an escort into England was arranged for them by their maternal uncle Edgar Ætheling .[9]


Intervention of William Rufus and English exile
William Rufus , King of the English, opposed Donald's accession to the northerly kingdom. He sent the eldest son of Malcolm III, David's half-brother Donnchad , into Scotland with an army. Donnchad was killed within the year,[10] and so in 1097 William sent Donnchad's half-brother Edgar into Scotland. The latter was more successful, and was crowned King by the end of 1097.[11]

During the power struggle of 1093-97, David was in England. In 1093, was probably about nine years old.[12] From 1093 until 1103 David's presence cannot be accounted for in detail, but he appears to have been in Scotland for the remainder of the 1090s. When William Rufus was killed, his brother Henry Beauclerc seized power and married David's sister, Matilda . The marriage made David the brother-in-law of the ruler of England. From that point onwards, David was probably an important figure at the English court.[13] Despite his Gaelic background, by the end of his stay in England, David had become a full-fledged Normanised prince. William of Malmesbury wrote that it was in this period that David "rubbed off all tarnish of Scottish barbarity through being polished by intercourse and friendship with us".[14]

Prince of the Cumbrians, 1113-1124

David's time as Prince of the Cumbrians marks the beginning of his life as a great territorial lord. The year of these beginnings was probably 1113, when Henry I arranged David's marriage to Matilda, Countess of Huntingdon , who was the heiress to the Huntingdon-Northampton lordship. As her husband David used the title of Earl , and there was the prospect that David's children by her would inherit all the honours borne by Matilda's father Waltheof . 1113 is the year when David, for the first time, can be found in possession of territory in what is now Scotland.

Obtaining the inheritance
David's brother, King Edgar, had visited William Rufus in May 1099 and bequeathed to David extensive territory to the south of the river Forth .[15] On 8 January 1107, Edgar died. It has been assumed that David took control of his inheritance , the southern lands bequeathed by Edgar, soon after the latter's death.[16] However, it cannot be shown that he possessed his inheritance until his foundation of Selkirk Abbey late in 1113.[17] According to Richard Oram , it was only in 1113, when Henry returned to England from Normandy, that David was at last in a position to claim his inheritance in southern "Scotland".[18]

King Henry's backing seems to have been enough to force King Alexander to recognise his younger brother's claims. This probably occurred without bloodshed, but through threat of force nonetheless.[19] David's aggression seems to have inspired resentment amongst some native Scots. A Gaelic quatrain from this period complains that:
Olc a ndearna mac Mael Colaim, It's bad what Máel Coluim's son has done;, ar cosaid re hAlaxandir, dividing us from Alexander; do-ní le gach mac rígh romhaind, he causes, like each king's son before; foghail ar faras Albain. the plunder of stable Alba. [20] If "divided from" is anything to go by, this quatrain may have been written in David's new territories in southern "Scotland".[21]

The lands in question consisted of the pre-1975 counties of Roxburghshire , Selkirkshire , Berwickshire , Peeblesshire and Lanarkshire . David, moreover, gained the title princeps Cumbrensis, "Prince of the Cumbrians ", as attested in David's charters from this era.[22] Although this was a large slice of Scotland south of the river Forth, the region of Galloway-proper was entirely outside David's control.[23]

David may perhaps have had varying degrees of overlordship in parts of Dumfriesshire , Ayrshire , Dunbartonshire and Renfrewshire .[24] In the lands between Galloway and the Principality of Cumbria, David eventually set up large-scale marcher lordships, such as Annandale for Robert de Brus, Cunningham for Hugh de Morville, and possibly Strathgryfe for Walter Fitzalan .[25]

In England

In the later part of 1113, King Henry gave David the hand of Matilda of Huntingdon, daughter and heiress of Waltheof, Earl of Northumberland . The marriage brought with it the "Honour of Huntingdon", a lordship scattered through the shires of Northampton , Huntingdon , and Bedford ; within a few years, Matilda de Senlis bore a son, whom David named Henry after his patron.[26]

The new territories which David controlled were a valuable supplement to his income and manpower, increasing his status as one of the most powerful magnates in the Kingdom of the English. Moreover, Matilda's father Waltheof had been Earl of Northumberland , a defunct lordship which had covered the far north of England and included Cumberland and Westmorland , Northumberland -proper, as well as overlordship of the bishopric of Durham. After King Henry's death, David would revive the claim to this earldom for his son Henry.[27]

David's activities and whereabouts after 1114 are not always easy to trace. He spent much of his time outside his principality, in England and in Normandy. Despite the death of his sister on 1 May 1118, David still possessed the favour of King Henry when his brother Alexander died in 1124, leaving Scotland without a king.[28]


Political and military events in Scotland during David's kingship

Michael Lynch and Richard Oram portray David as having little initial connection with the culture and society of the Scots;[29] but both likewise argue that David became increasingly re-Gaelicised in the later stages of his reign.[30] Whatever the case, David's claim to be heir to the Scottish kingdom was doubtful. David was the youngest of eight sons of the fifth from last king. Two more recent kings had produced sons. William fitz Duncan , son of King Donnchad II, and Máel Coluim , son of the last king Alexander, both preceded David in terms of the slowly emerging principles of primogeniture . However, unlike David, neither William nor Máel Coluim had the support of Henry. So when Alexander died in 1124, the aristocracy of Scotland could either accept David as King, or face war with both David and Henry I.[31]

Coronation and struggle for the kingdom

Alexander's son Máel Coluim chose war. Orderic Vitalis reported that Máel Coluim mac Alaxandair "affected to snatch the kingdom from [David], and fought against him two sufficiently fierce battles; but David, who was loftier in understanding and in power and wealth, conquered him and his followers".[32] Máel Coluim escaped unharmed into areas of Scotland not yet under David's control, and in those areas gained shelter and aid.[33]

In either April or May of the same year David was crowned King of Scotland (Gaelic : rí(gh) Alban; Latin : rex Scottorum )[34] at Scone . If later Scottish and Irish evidence can be taken as evidence, the ceremony of coronation was a series of elaborate traditional rituals,[35] of the kind infamous in the Anglo-French world of the 12th century for their "unchristian" elements.[36] Ailred of Rievaulx, friend and one time member of David's court, reported that David "so abhorred those acts of homage which are offered by the Scottish nation in the manner of their fathers upon the recent promotion of their kings, that he was with difficulty compelled by the bishops to receive them".[37]

Outside his "Cumbrian" principality and the southern fringe of Scotland-proper, David exercised little power in the 1120s, and in the words of Richard Oram, was "king of Scots in little more than name".[38] He was probably in that part of Scotland he did rule for most of the time between late 1127 and 1130.[39] However, he was at the court of Henry in 1126 and in early 1127,[40] and returned to Henry's court in 1130, serving as a judge at Woodstock for the treason trial of Geoffrey de Clinton .[39] It was in this year that David's wife, Matilda of Huntingdon, died. Possibly as a result of this,[41] and while David was still in southern England,[42] Scotland-proper rose up in arms against him.

The instigator was, again, his nephew Máel Coluim, who now had the support of Óengus of Moray . King Óengus was David's most powerful "vassal", a man who, as grandson of King Lulach of Scotland , even had his own claim to the kingdom. The rebel Scots had advanced into Angus , where they were met by David's Mercian constable , Edward ; a battle took place at Stracathro near Brechin . According to the Annals of Ulster , 1000 of Edward's army, and 4000 of Óengus' army, including Óengus himself, died.[43]

According to Orderic Vitalis, Edward followed up the killing of Óengus by marching north into Moray itself, which, in Orderic's words, "lacked a defender and lord"; and so Edward, "with God's help obtained the entire duchy of that extensive district".[44] However, this was far from the end of it. Máel Coluim escaped, and four years of continuing "civil war" followed; for David this period was quite simply a "struggle for survival".[45]

It appears that David asked for and obtained extensive military aid from his patron, King Henry. Ailred of Rievaulx related that at this point a large fleet and a large army of Norman knights, including Walter l'Espec, were sent by Henry to Carlisle in order to assist David's attempt to root out his Scottish enemies.[46] The fleet seems to have been used in the Irish Sea , the Firth of Clyde and the entire Argyll coast, where Máel Coluim was probably at large among supporters. In 1134 Máel Coluim was captured and imprisoned in Roxburgh Castle .[47] Since modern historians no longer confuse him with Malcolm MacHeth , it is clear that nothing more is ever heard of Máel Coluim mac Alaxadair, except perhaps that his sons were later allied with Somerled .[48]

Pacification of the west and north
Richard Oram puts forward the suggestion that it was during this period that David granted Walter fitz Alan the kadrez of Strathgryfe , with northern Kyle and the area around Renfrew , forming what would become the "Stewart" lordship of Strathgryfe; he also suggests that Hugh de Morville may have gained the kadrez of Cunningham and the settlement of "Strathyrewen" (i.e. Irvine ). This would indicate that the 1130-34 campaign had resulted in the acquisition of these territories.[49]

How long it took to pacify Moray is not known, but in this period David appointed his nephew William fitz Duncan to succeed Óengus, perhaps in compensation for the exclusion from the succession to the Scottish throne caused by the coming of age of David's son Henry . William may have been given the daughter of Óengus in marriage, cementing his authority in the region. The burghs of Elgin and Forres may have been founded at this point, consolidating royal authority in Moray.[50] David also founded Urquhart Priory , possibly as a "victory monastery", and assigned to it a percentage of his cain (tribute) from Argyll.[51]

During this period too, a marriage was arranged between the son of Matad, Mormaer of Atholl , and the daughter of Haakon Paulsson , Earl of Orkney . The marriage temporarily secured the northern frontier of the Kingdom, and held out the prospect that a son of one of David's Mormaers could gain Orkney and Caithness for the Kingdom of Scotland. Thus, by the time Henry I died on 1 December 1135, David had more of Scotland under his control than ever before.[52]

Dominating the north

While fighting King Stephen and attempting to dominate northern England in the years following 1136, David was continuing his drive for control of the far north of Scotland. In 1139, his cousin, the five year old Harald Maddadsson , was given the title of "Earl" and half the lands of the earldom of Orkney , in addition to Scottish Caithness. Throughout the 1140s Caithness and Sutherland were brought back under the Scottish zone of control.[53] Sometime before 1146 David appointed a native Scot called Aindréas to be the first Bishop of Caithness , a bishopric which was based at Halkirk , near Thurso , in an area which was ethnically Scandinavian.[54]

In 1150, it looked like Caithness and the whole earldom of Orkney were going to come under permanent Scottish control. However, David's plans for the north soon began to encounter problems. In 1151, King Eystein II of Norway put a spanner in the works by sailing through the waterways of Orkney with a large fleet and catching the young Harald unawares in his residence at Thurso. Eystein forced Harald to pay fealty as a condition of his release. Later in the year David hastily responded by supporting the claims to the Orkney earldom of Harald's rival Erlend Haraldsson , granting him half of Caithness in opposition to Harald. King Eystein responded in turn by making a similar grant to this same Erlend, cancelling the effect of David's grant. David's weakness in Orkney was that the Norwegian kings were not prepared to stand back and let him reduce their power.[55]

England

David's relationship with England and the English crown in these years is usually interpreted in two ways. Firstly, his actions are understood in relation to his connections with the King of England. No historian is likely to deny that David's early career was largely manufactured by King Henry I of England. David was the latter's "greatest protégé",[56] one of Henry's "new men".[57] His hostility to Stephen can be interpreted as an effort to uphold the intended inheritance of Henry I, the succession of his daughter, Matilda , the former Empress of the Holy Roman Empire. David carried out his wars in her name, joined her when she arrived in England, and later knighted her son, the future Henry II .[58]

However, David's policy towards England can be interpreted in an additional way. David was the independence-loving king trying to build a "Scoto-Northumbrian" realm by seizing the most northerly parts of the English kingdom. In this perspective, David's support for Matilda is used as a pretext for land-grabbing. David's maternal descent from the House of Wessex and his son Henry's maternal descent from the English Earls of Northumberland is thought to have further encouraged such a project, a project which only came to an end after Henry II ordered David's child successor Máel Coluim IV to hand over the most important of David's gains. It is clear that neither one of these interpretations can be taken without some weight being given to the other.[59]


Usurpation of Stephen and First Treaty of Durham
Henry I had arranged his inheritance to pass to his daughter Empress Matilda . Instead, Stephen , younger brother of Theobald II, Count of Blois , seized the throne.[60] David had been the first lay person to take the oath to uphold the succession of Matilda in 1127, and when Stephen was crowned on 22 December 1135, David decided to make war.[61]

Before December was over, David marched into northern England, and by the end of January he had occupied the castles of Carlisle , Wark , Alnwick , Norham and Newcastle . By February David was at Durham, but an army led by King Stephen met him there. Rather than fight a pitched battle, a treaty was agreed whereby David would retain Carlisle, while David's son Henry was re-granted the title and half the lands of the earldom of Huntingdon, territory which had been confiscated during David's revolt. On Stephen's side he received back the other castles; and while David would do no homage, Stephen was to receive the homage of Henry for both Carlisle and the other English territories. Stephen also gave the rather worthless but for David face-saving promise that if he ever chose to resurrect the defunct earldom of Northumberland, Henry would be given first consideration. Importantly, the issue of Matilda was not mentioned. However, the first Durham treaty quickly broke down after David took insult at the treatment of his son Henry at Stephen's court.[62]


Renewal of war and Clitheroe
When the winter of 1136-37 was over, David again invaded England. The King of the Scots confronted a northern English army waiting for him at Newcastle. Once more pitched battle was avoided, and instead a truce was agreed until November. When November fell, David demanded that Stephen hand over the whole of the old earldom of Northumberland. Stephen's refusal led to David's third invasion, this time in January 1138.[63]

The army which invaded England in the January and February 1138 shocked the English chroniclers. Richard of Hexham called it "an execrable army, savager than any race of heathen yielding honour to neither God nor man" and that it "harried the whole province and slaughtered everywhere folk of either sex, of every age and condition, destroying, pillaging and burning the vills, churches and houses".[64] Several doubtful stories of cannibalism were recorded by chroniclers, and these same chroniclers paint a picture of routine enslavings, as well as killings of churchmen, women and infants.[65]

By February King Stephen marched north to deal with David. The two armies avoided each other, and Stephen was soon on the road south. In the summer David split his army into two forces, sending William fitz Duncan to march into Lancashire , where he harried Furness and Craven . On 10 June, William fitz Duncan met a force of knights and men-at-arms. A pitched battle took place, the battle of Clitheroe , and the English army was routed.[66]


Battle of the Standard and Second Treaty of Durham
By later July, 1138, the two Scottish armies had reunited in "St Cuthbert's land", that is, in the lands controlled by the Bishop of Durham , on the far side of the river Tyne . Another English army had mustered to meet the Scots, this time led by William, Earl of Aumale . The victory at Clitheroe was probably what inspired David to risk battle. David's force, apparently 26,000 strong and several times larger than the English army, met the English on 22 August at Cowdon Moor near Northallerton , North Yorkshire .[67]

The Battle of the Standard , as the encounter came to be called, was unsuccessful for the Scots. Afterwards, David and his surviving notables retired to Carlisle. Although the result was a defeat, it was not by any means decisive. David retained the bulk of his army and thus the power to go on the offensive again. The siege of Wark, for instance, which had been going on since January, continued until it was captured in November. David continued to occupy Cumberland as well as much of Northumberland .[68]

On 26 September Cardinal Alberic , Bishop of Ostia , arrived at Carlisle where David had called together his kingdom's nobles, abbots and bishops. Alberic was there to investigate the controversy over the issue of the Bishop of Glasgow's allegiance or non-allegiance to the Archbishop of York. Alberic played the role of peace-broker, and David agreed to a six week truce which excluded the siege of Wark. On 9 April David and Stephen's wife Matilda of Boulogne met each other at Durham and agreed a settlement. David's son Henry was given the earldom of Northumberland and was restored to the earldom of Huntingdon and lordship of Doncaster ; David himself was allowed to keep Carlisle and Cumberland. King Stephen was to retain possession of the strategically vital castles of Bamburgh and Newcastle. This effectively fulfilled all of David's war aims.[68]

Arrival of Matilda and the renewal of conflict
The settlement with Stephen was not set to last long. The arrival in England of the Empress Matilda gave David an opportunity to renew the conflict with Stephen. In either May or June, David travelled to the south of England and entered Matilda's company; he was present for her expected coronation at Westminster Abbey , though this never took place. David was there until September, when the Empress found herself surrounded at Winchester .[69]

This civil war, or "the Anarchy " as it was later called, enabled David to strengthen his own position in northern England. While David consolidated his hold on his own and his son's newly acquired lands, he also sought to expand his influence. The castles at Newcastle and Bamburgh were again brought under his control, and he attained dominion over all of England north-west of the river Ribble and Pennines , while holding the north-east as far south as the river Tyne, on the borders of the core territory of the bishopric of Durham. While his son brought all the senior barons of Northumberland into his entourage, David rebuilt the fortress of Carlisle. Carlisle quickly replaced Roxburgh as his favoured residence. David's acquisition of the mines at Alston on the South Tyne enabled him to begin minting the Kingdom of Scotland 's first silver coinage. David, meanwhile, issued charters to Shrewsbury Abbey in respect to their lands in Lancashire .[70]


Bishopric of Durham and the Archbishopric of York
However, David's successes were in many ways balanced by his failures. David's greatest disappointment during this time was his inability to ensure control of the bishopric of Durham and the archbishopric of York. David had attempted to appoint his chancellor, William Comyn, to the bishopric of Durham, which had been vacant since the death of Bishop Geoffrey Rufus in 1140. Between 1141 and 1143, Comyn was the de facto bishop, and had control of the bishop's castle; but he was resented by the chapter . Despite controlling the town of Durham, David's only hope of ensuring his election and consecration was gaining the support of the Papal legate, Henry of Blois , Bishop of Winchester and brother of King Stephen. Despite obtaining the support of the Empress Matilda, David was unsuccessful and had given up by the time William de St Barbara was elected to the see in 1143.[71]

David also attempted to interfere in the succession to the archbishopric of York. William FitzHerbert , nephew of King Stephen, found his position undermined by the collapsing political fortune of Stephen in the north of England, and was deposed by the Pope. David used his Cistercian connections to build a bond with Henry Murdac , the new archbishop. Despite the support of Pope Eugenius III , supporters of King Stephen and William FitzHerbert managed to prevent Henry taking up his post at York. In 1149, Henry had sought the support of David. David seized on the opportunity to bring the archdiocese under his control, and marched on the city. However, Stephen's supporters became aware of David's intentions, and informed King Stephen. Stephen therefore marched to the city and installed a new garrison. David decided not to risk such an engagement and withdrew.[72] Richard Oram has conjectured that David's ultimate aim was to bring the whole of the ancient kingdom of Northumbria into his dominion. For Oram, this event was the turning point, "the chance to radically redraw the political map of the British Isles lost forever".[73]

Scottish Church

Historical treatment of David I and the Scottish church usually emphasises David's pioneering role as the instrument of diocesan reorganisation and Norman penetration, beginning with the bishopric of Glasgow while David was Prince of the Cumbrians, and continuing further north after David acceded to the throne of Scotland. Focus too is usually given to his role as the defender of the Scottish church's independence from claims of overlordship by the Archbishop of York and the Archbishop of Canterbury .

Ecclesiastical disputes
One of the first problems David had to deal with as king was an ecclesiastical dispute with the English church. The problem with the English church concerned the subordination of Scottish sees to the archbishops of York and/or Canterbury, an issue which since his election in 1124 had prevented Robert of Scone from being consecrated to the see of St Andrews (Cell Ríghmonaidh). It is likely that since the 11th century the bishopric of St Andrews functioned as a de facto archbishopric. The title of "Archbishop" is accorded in Scottish and Irish sources to Bishop Giric [82] and Bishop Fothad II .[83]

The problem was that this archiepiscopal status had not been cleared with the papacy, opening the way for English archbishops to claim overlordship of the whole Scottish church. The man responsible was the new aggressively assertive Archbishop of York, Thurstan . His easiest target was the bishopric of Glasgow, which being south of the river Forth was not regarded as part of Scotland nor the jurisdiction of St Andrews. In 1125, Pope Honorius II wrote to John, Bishop of Glasgow ordering him to submit to the archbishopric of York.[84] David ordered Bishop John of Glasgow to travel to the Apostolic See in order to secure a pallium which would elevate the bishopric of St Andrews to an archbishopric with jurisdiction over Glasgow.[85]

Thurstan travelled to Rome, as did the Archbishop of Canterbury, William de Corbeil , and both presumably opposed David's request. David however gained the support of King Henry, and the Archbishop of York agreed to a year's postponement of the issue and to consecrate Robert of Scone without making an issue of subordination.[86] York's claim over bishops north of the Forth were in practice abandoned for the rest of David's reign, although York maintained her more credible claims over Glasgow.[87]

In 1151, David again requested a pallium for the Archbishop of St Andrews. Cardinal John Paparo met David at his residence of Carlisle in September 1151. Tantalisingly for David, the Cardinal was on his way to Ireland with four pallia to create four new Irish archbishoprics. When the Cardinal returned to Carlisle, David made the request. In David's plan, the new archdiocese would include all the bishoprics in David's Scottish territory, as well as bishopric of Orkney and the bishopric of the Isles . Unfortunately for David, the Cardinal does not appear to have brought the issue up with the papacy. In the following year the papacy dealt David another blow by creating the archbishopric of Trondheim, a new Norwegian archbishopric embracing the bishoprics of the Isles and Orkney.[88]

Succession and death

Perhaps the greatest blow to David's plans came on 12 July 1152 when Henry, Earl of Northumberland, David's only son and successor, died. He had probably been suffering from some kind of illness for a long time. David had under a year to live, and he may have known that he was not going to be alive much longer. David quickly arranged for his grandson Máel Coluim to be made his successor, and for his younger grandson William to be made Earl of Northumberland. Donnchad I, Mormaer of Fife , the senior magnate in Scotland-proper, was appointed as rector, or regent , and took the 11 year-old Máel Coluim around Scotland-proper on a tour to meet and gain the homage of his future Gaelic subjects. David's health began to fail seriously in the Spring of 1153, and on 24 May 1153, David died.[89] In his obituary in the Annals of Tigernach , he is called Dabíd mac Mail Colaim, rí Alban & Saxan, "David, son of Máel Coluim, King of Scotland and England", a title which acknowledged the importance of the new English part of David's realm.[90]

Monastic patronage
David was one of medieval Scotland's greatest monastic patrons. In 1113, in perhaps David's first act as Prince of the Cumbrians, he founded Selkirk Abbey for the Tironensians .[118] David founded more than a dozen new monasteries in his reign, patronising various new monastic orders.[119]

Not only were such monasteries an expression of David's undoubted piety, but they also functioned to transform Scottish society. Monasteries became centres of foreign influence,, and provided sources of literate men, able to serve the crown's growing administrative needs.[120] These new monasteries, and the Cistercian ones in particular, introduced new agricultural practices.[121] Cistercian labour, for instance, transformed southern Scotland into one of northern Europe's most important sources of sheep wool.[122]

Noted events in his life were:

• Prince of the Cumbrians: 1113-1124.

• Crowned: King of Scots, 23 Apr 1124, Scone, (Perth and Kinross), Scotland. King of Scots 23 Apr. 1124-1153.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 99 M    i. Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon 49 62 was born in 1114 and died on 12 Jun 1152 at age 38.

93. Alice Huntingdon 37 45 (Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1085 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died after 1126. Other names for Alice were Adelise and Adeliza Huntingdon.

Alice married Ralph de Toeni, de Conches,37 son of Ralph de Toeni, de Conches and Isabel de Montfort, in 1103 in England. Ralph was born about 1079 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England, died about 1126 in Conches, Seine-et-Marne, France about age 47, and was buried in Conches, Seine-et-Marne, France. Another name for Ralph was Ralph de Conches.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 100 M    i. Roger de Toeni, de Conches 37 was born about 1104 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died before 1162.

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94. Reginald, Lord of the Isles 27 51 (Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1148 in <Morven, Argyleshire, Scotland> and died in 1207 in Kintyre, Argyleshire, Scotland about age 59. Other names for Reginald were Reginald Sumarlidasson Lord of the Isles and Rognvald Sumarlidasson Lord of the Isles.

Reginald married Fonia, of Moray,20 daughter of Ranulf, of Moray and Bethoc, in 1185. Fonia was born about 1145 in <Moray, Scotland>.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 101 F    i. Helen de L'Isle 27 51 was born about 1174 in <Galloway, Wigtownshire, Scotland> and died about 1212 about age 38.

95. Adam Brus 52 53 (Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale90, Adam Brus86, Robert de Brusse81, Ragnvald Brusesson75, Brusi Sigurdsson69, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1101 in <Skelton, Yorkshire, England>, died in 1143 about age 42, and was buried in Gisborough Priory, Guisborough, North Yorkshire, England.

Research Notes: Second son of Robert de Brus. Historians have not determined which of Robert de Brus' two wives named Agnes was the mother of Adam Brus.

From Wikipedia - Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale:

Robert is said to have married twice: (1) Agnes, daughter of Geoffrey Bainard, sheriff of York and (2) Agnes, daughter and heiress of Fulk de Pagnall, Lord of Carleton, Yorkshire[5][6]
There were two sons, but it is unclear by which spouse:
Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale , who inherited the Lordship of Annandale .
Adam de Brus, whose descendants continued to hold lands in England as Lords of Skelton . When Peter de Brus III, last Bruce Lord of Skelton, died in 1272, his sisters were co-heiresses. One of them, Laderia, carried Carleton to her marriage with John de Bellew, whose daughter, Sybil married Sir Miles de Stapleton (k. 1314, at the Battle of Bannockburn ), whose family were subsequently designated "of Carleton".[7][8] This appears to confirm the de Brus and de Pagnall of Carleton connection. Sir Miles Stapleton's son and heir, Sir Gilbert (d. 1321) married Agnes, daughter of Bryan FitzAlan, Lord FitzAlan ,[9] and a granddaughter of Devorguilla of Galloway (d. 1290) wife of John de Balliol, Lord of Barnard Castle , whose son was King John of Scotland .[10]

Adam married Jueta de Arches,53 daughter of William de Arches and Jueta, about 1124 in Yorkshire, England. Jueta was born about 1116 in <Thorp Arch, Yorkshire>, England and died about 1206 about age 90. Another name for Jueta was Ivetta de Arches.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 102 M    i. Adam Brus 53 was born about 1143 in Skelton, North Yorkshire, England, died in 1196 in Skelton, North Yorkshire, England about age 53, and was buried in Gisborough Priory, Guisborough, North Yorkshire, England.

96. Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale 54 (Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale90, Adam Brus86, Robert de Brusse81, Ragnvald Brusesson75, Brusi Sigurdsson69, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died in 1194. Other names for Robert were Robert II de Bruce 2nd Lord of Annandale and Robert II de Brus 2nd Lord of Annandale.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale :

Robert II de Brus, The Cadet, (died 1194) was a 12th century Norman noble and Lord of Annandale. He was the son, perhaps the second son,[1] of Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale .
The elder de Brus' allegiances were compromised when David I invaded England in the later 1130s, and he had renounced his fealty to David before the Battle of the Standard in 1138. The younger Robert however remained loyal and took over his father's land in Scotland, whilst the English territories remained with the elder Robert and passed to the latter's elder son Adam. Bruce family tradition has it that Robert II was captured by his father at the battle and given over to King Stephen of England .
A legend tells that in the 1140s, Robert II was visited at Annan by St Malachy . St Malachy asked Robert to pardon a thief, but Robert hung him anyway, and for this the River Annan destroyed part of his castle and the de Brus line received a curse from the holy man. Robert made Lochmaben the centre of his lordship and constructed a new caput there.
Robert was buried at Gisborough Priory in North Riding , Yorkshire , a monastery founded by his father Robert I de Brus. As his eldest son, Robert, predeceased him, he was succeeded by his second son William.
He married Euphemia, a daughter of Ingleram de Aumale, whose father was Stephen, Count of Aumale. They had five known children,
Robert (d. 1191), eldest son.
William (d. 1212).
Bernard.
Agatha.
Euphemia

97. Somerled, King of the Isles 27 (Gillebride91, Imergi Somerledson87, Somerled I Gillebrideson82, Gillebride76, Gille Adoman I Gilleson70, Hvarflad Hlodversdatter63, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1113 in <Morven, Argyleshire, Scotland>, died on 1 Jan 1164 in Renfrew, (Renfrewshire), Scotland about age 51, and was buried in Abbey of Saddell, Kintyre, Argule, Scotland.

Somerled married Ragnhild Olafsdatter,20 daughter of Olave I Bitling, King of the Isle of Man and Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter,. Ragnhild was born about 1117 in <Isle of Man>.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 89)

98. Maud de St. Liz 57 58 59 (Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died in 1140. Other names for Maud were Matilda of St Liz, Maud de Senlis, and Maud de Senliz.

Death Notes: Ancestral Roots, line 130-27 has "d. 1140 (or 1158/63?)"

Research Notes: From Magna Charta Barons, p. 120:

Saier de Quincey, who had a grant from Henry II. of the manor of Bushby, Northamptonshire. He m. Maud de St. Liz, probably a daughter of Simon de St. Liz, a noble Norman, who was created Earl of Northampton and Huntingdon, and his wife Maud, daughter and coheiress of Waltheof, first Earl of Northampton and Northumberland, who, conspiring against the Normans, was beheaded, in 1075, at Winchester, although his wife was a niece of the Conqueror. Waltheof was the son of Syward, the celebrated Saxon Earl of Northumberland.

Maud married Robert Fitz Richard, Lord of Little Dunmow, Essex,63 64 son of Richard I FitzGilbert, of Clare and Tonbridge and Rohese Giffard, about 1114. Robert was born in 1064 and died about 1136 about age 72. Another name for Robert was Robert FitzRichard Lord of Little Dunmow, Essex.

Research Notes: First husband of Maud de St. Liz.

From Wikipedia - Robert Fitz Richard :

Robert Fitz Richard (1064-1136), entitled Robert Fitz Richard, Lord of Little Dunmow, Baron of Baynard , was a Norman landowner in England. His estates near Little Dunmow are said[1] to have been given to him after confiscation from Ralph Baynard , who had them earlier[2].

He was steward under Henry I of England [3] and under Stephen of England [4]. He served for a period as High Sheriff of Yorkshire

Family
He was the son of Sir Richard Fitz Gilbert , Lord of Clare and Tonbridge (c. 1035-1090) and Rohese Giffard, (b. c. 1034), daughter of Sir Walter Giffard, Lord of Longueville ,[5] and Agnes Flatel.[6]

He married (c. 1114), Maud de St. Liz, daughter of Sir Simon de St Liz, Earl of Northampton , and Maud de Huntingdon .

Children were:
Sir Walter Fitz Robert , (b. c. 1124).
Maud Fitz Robert, (b. c. 1132), Essex , who married (c. 1146, William d'Aubigny , son of Sir William d'Aubigny, Lord of Belvoir , and Cecily Bigod.


Noted events in his life were:

• Steward: under Henry II.

• High Sheriff: of Yorkshire.

• Steward: under Stephen of England.

Maud next married Saer I de Quincy, Lord of Daventry 65 66 after 1136. Another name for Saer was Saher I de Quincy Lord of Daventry.

Research Notes: 2nd husband of Maud de St. Liz.

From Wikipedia - Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester :

The family of de Quincy had arrived in England after the Norman Conquest , and took their name from Cuinchy in the Arrondissement of Béthune ; the personal name "Saer" was used by them over several generations. Both names are variously spelled in primary sources and older modern works, the first name being sometimes rendered Saher or Seer, and the surname as Quency or Quenci.


The first recorded Saer de Quincy (known to historians as "Saer I") was lord of the manor of Long Buckby in Northamptonshire in the earlier twelfth century, and second husband of Matilda of St Liz , stepdaughter of King David I of Scotland . This marriage produced two sons, Saer II and Robert de Quincy . It was Robert, the younger son, who was the father of the Saer de Quincy who eventually became Earl of Winchester. By her first husband Robert Fitz Richard , Matilda was also the paternal grandmother of Earl Saer's close ally, Robert Fitzwalter.
----------
From Magna Charta Barons, p. 120:
Saier de Quincey, who had a grant from Henry II. of the manor of Bushby, Northamptonshire. He m. Maud de St. Liz, probably a daughter of Simon de St. Liz, a noble Norman, who was created Earl of Northampton and Huntingdon, and his wife Maud, daughter and coheiress of Waltheof, first Earl of Northampton and Northumberland, who, conspiring against the Normans, was beheaded, in 1075, at Winchester, although his wife was a niece of the Conqueror. Waltheof was the son of Syward, the celebrated Saxon Earl of Northumberland.

Noted events in his life were:

• Lord of Long Buckby: Northamptonshire, England.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 103 M    i. Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside 58 67 died before 1197.

+ 104 M    ii. Saer II de Quincy .58

99. Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon 49 62 (Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1114 and died on 12 Jun 1152 at age 38. Another name for Henry was Henry Prince of Scotland.

Research Notes: Eldest son of David I, King of Scots.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 170-23

Henry married Ada de Warenne,49 68 69 daughter of William II de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Isabel de Vermandois, Countess of Leicester, in 1139. Ada died about 1178. Another name for Ada was Adeline de Warren.

Research Notes: Widow of Conale Petit, Earl of Brittany and Richmond. Sister of William the Lion, King of Scots.

From Wikipedia - Elizabeth of Vermandois :

Ada de Warenne (d. ca. 1178 ), who married Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon , younger son of King David I of Scotland , Earl of Huntingdon by his marriage to the heiress Matilda or Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon (herself great-niece of William I of England ) and had issue. They were parents to Malcolm IV of Scotland and William I of Scotland and their youngest son became David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon . All Kings of Scotland since 1292 were the descendants of Huntingdon.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 105 F    i. Margaret, of Huntingdon 70 died in 1201.

100. Roger de Toeni, de Conches 37 (Alice Huntingdon93, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1104 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died before 1162. Another name for Roger was Roger de Conches.

Roger married Ida, of Hainault.44 Ida was born about 1109 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England. Other names for Ida were Gertrude of Hainault and Ida de Hainault.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 106 M    i. Ralph de Toeni, de Conches 37 was born about 1130 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died in 1162 about age 32.

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101. Helen de L'Isle 27 51 (Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1174 in <Galloway, Wigtownshire, Scotland> and died about 1212 about age 38. Another name for Helen was Helen de l'Isle.

Research Notes: Said to be a daughter of Reginald, Lord of the Isles

Helen married Alan, Lord of Galloway,71 son of Roland, Lord of Galloway and Elena de Morville, about 1205 in Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland. Alan was born about 1186 in <Galloway, Wigtownshire, Scotland>, died in 1234 about age 48, and was buried in Abbey of Dundrennan, Kirkcudbright, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. Another name for Alan was Alan de Galloway.

Research Notes: Per Ancestral Roots, "A descendant of the English and Scottish Kings."

Noted events in his life were:

• Constable of Scotland: 1215-1234.

• Named: in the Magna Charta.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 107 F    i. Helen, of Galloway 71 72 was born about 1208 in <Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland> and died on 21 Nov 1245 in England about age 37.

102. Adam Brus 53 (Adam Brus95, Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale90, Adam Brus86, Robert de Brusse81, Ragnvald Brusesson75, Brusi Sigurdsson69, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1143 in Skelton, North Yorkshire, England, died in 1196 in Skelton, North Yorkshire, England about age 53, and was buried in Gisborough Priory, Guisborough, North Yorkshire, England. Another name for Adam was Adam Bruce.

Research Notes: According to Wikipedia, Skelton Castle was built around 1200 by the Brus family.

Adam married Joanna de Meschines,53 daughter of Ranulf IV, de Gernon, 4th Earl of Chester and Maud FitzRobert, of Gloucester,. Joanna was born about 1145 in <Chester, Cheshire>, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 108 F    i. Isabel Brus 53 was born about 1160 in Skelton, North Yorkshire, England, died after 1230, and was buried in Whitby Abbey, North Riding, Yorkshire, England.

103. Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside 58 67 (Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died before 1197.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester :

Family
The family of de Quincy had arrived in England after the Norman Conquest , and took their name from Cuinchy in the Arrondissement of Béthune ; the personal name "Saer" was used by them over several generations. Both names are variously spelled in primary sources and older modern works, the first name being sometimes rendered Saher or Seer, and the surname as Quency or Quenci.

The first recorded Saer de Quincy (known to historians as "Saer I") was lord of the manor of Long Buckby in Northamptonshire in the earlier twelfth century, and second husband of Matilda of St Liz , stepdaughter of King David I of Scotland . This marriage produced two sons, Saer II and Robert de Quincy . It was Robert, the younger son, who was the father of the Saer de Quincy who eventually became Earl of Winchester. By her first husband Robert Fitz Richard , Matilda was also the paternal grandmother of Earl Saer's close ally, Robert Fitzwalter.

Robert de Quincy seems to have inherited no English lands from his father, and pursued a knightly career in Scotland, where he is recorded from around 1160 as a close companion of his cousin, King William the Lion . By 1170 he had married Orabilis , heiress of the Scottish lordship of Leuchars and, through her, he became lord of an extensive complex of estates north of the border which included lands in Fife , Strathearn and Lothian .

Noted events in his life were:

• Justiciar of Scotland:

• Crusader:

Robert married Orabilis, of Leuchars,58 67 daughter of Ness Fitz William, Lord of Leuchars and Unknown, before 1170. Another name for Orabilis was Orabel of Leuchars.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester:

By 1170 he had married Orabilis , heiress of the Scottish lordship of Leuchars and, through her, he became lord of an extensive complex of estates north of the border which included lands in Fife , Strathearn and Lothian .

Saer de Quincy, the son of Robert de Quincy and Orabilis of Leuchars, was raised largely in Scotland. His absence from English records for the first decades of his life has led some modern historians and genealogists to confuse him with his uncle, Saer II, who took part in the rebellion of Henry the Young King in 1173, when the future Earl of Winchester can have been no more than a toddler. Saer II's line ended without direct heirs, and his nephew and namesake would eventually inherit his estate, uniting his primary Scottish holdings with the family's Northamptonshire patrimony, and possibly some lands in France.

By his wife Margaret de Beaumont, Saer de Quincy had three sons and three daughters:
Lorette who married Sir William de Valognes
Arabella who married Sir Richard Harcourt
Robert (d. 1217). Some sources say he married Hawise, sister and co-heiress of Ranulf de Blundeville, earl of Chester . However, it is more likely Hawise married Saer's brother Robert II;
Roger , who succeeded his father as earl of Winchester (though he did not take formal possession of the earldom until after his mother's death);
Robert de Quincy (second son of that name; d. 1257) who married Helen , daughter of the Welsh prince Llywelyn the Great ;
Hawise, who married Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford .


The child from this marriage was:

+ 109 M    i. Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester 58 67 was born in 1155 and died on 3 Nov 1219 in Palestine at age 64.

104. Saer II de Quincy 58 (Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester :

Family
The family of de Quincy had arrived in England after the Norman Conquest , and took their name from Cuinchy in the Arrondissement of Béthune ; the personal name "Saer" was used by them over several generations. Both names are variously spelled in primary sources and older modern works, the first name being sometimes rendered Saher or Seer, and the surname as Quency or Quenci.

The first recorded Saer de Quincy (known to historians as "Saer I") was lord of the manor of Long Buckby in Northamptonshire in the earlier twelfth century, and second husband of Matilda of St Liz , stepdaughter of King David I of Scotland . This marriage produced two sons, Saer II and Robert de Quincy . It was Robert, the younger son, who was the father of the Saer de Quincy who eventually became Earl of Winchester. By her first husband Robert Fitz Richard , Matilda was also the paternal grandmother of Earl Saer's close ally, Robert Fitzwalter.

105. Margaret, of Huntingdon 70 (Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died in 1201.

Research Notes: Second wife of Alan, Lord of Galloway.

Margaret married Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford,73 74 son of Humphrey III de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford and Margaret, of Hereford, in 1175. Humphrey died about 1182.

Research Notes: Second husband of Margaret of Huntingdon.

From Magna Charta Barons, p. 81:

Humphrey de Bohun, who was Earl of Hereford and lord high constable of England, in right of is mother. He m. Margaret, daughter of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumberland, d. v. p. 1152 (and widow of Conale Petit, Earl of Brittany and Richmond, and sister of William the Lion, king of Scots), eldes son of David I., King of Scots, by his wife Matilda, widow of Simon de St. Liz, and daughter of Waltheof, Earl of Northumberland and Northampton, beheaded in 1075, and his wife, a niece of William the conqueror. Lady Margaret's mother, m. 1139, d. 1178, was Ada de Warren, daughter of William, second Earl of Surrey (by his wife, Isabel, or Elizabeth, d. 1131, widow of Robert, Earl of Mellent, and daughter of Hugh the Great, Count de Vermandois, son of Henry I., King of France), the son of William de Warren, Earl of Surrey, by his wife, Gundreda, the reputed daughter of William the Conqueror, or the daughter of his consort, Queen Maud, or Matilda, of Flanders, by Gherbod, advocate of the Abbey of St. Bestin, at St. Omer, before her marriage to William of Normandy. Humphrey de Bohun and Lady Margaret had: Henry de Bohun, eldest son and heir...

Noted events in his life were:

• Hereditary Constable of England:

The child from this marriage was:

+ 110 M    i. Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford 75 76 was born in 1176 and died on 1 Jun 1220 at age 44.

Margaret next married Alan, Lord of Galloway,71 son of Roland, Lord of Galloway and Elena de Morville, in 1209. Alan was born about 1186 in <Galloway, Wigtownshire, Scotland>, died in 1234 about age 48, and was buried in Abbey of Dundrennan, Kirkcudbright, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. Another name for Alan was Alan de Galloway.

Research Notes: Per Ancestral Roots, "A descendant of the English and Scottish Kings."

Noted events in his life were:

• Constable of Scotland: 1215-1234.

• Named: in the Magna Charta.

106. Ralph de Toeni, de Conches 37 (Roger de Toeni, de Conches100, Alice Huntingdon93, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1130 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died in 1162 about age 32. Another name for Ralph was Ralph de Conches.

Ralph married someone.

His child was:

+ 111 M    i. Roger de Toeni 37 was born about 1156 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died about Jan 1209 about age 53.

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107. Helen, of Galloway 71 72 (Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1208 in <Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland> and died on 21 Nov 1245 in England about age 37. Another name for Helen was Elena of Galloway.

Research Notes: First wife of Roger de Quincy.

Helen married Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester,77 78 79 80 son of Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester and Margaret de Beaumont,. Roger was born about 1174 in <Winchester>, Hampshire, England, died on 25 Apr 1264 in England about age 90, and was buried in Brackley, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Another name for Roger was Roger de Quincey 2nd Earl of Winchester.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester :

Roger , who succeeded his father as earl of Winchester (though he did not take formal possession of the earldom until after his mother's death);
----------
From Magna Charta Barons, p. 122:
Roger de Quincey, second son, who had livery of his father's lands, although his elder brother [Robert] was alive in the Holy Land, and succeeded to the earldom of Winchester, and in right of his first wife, daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway, became lord high constable of Scotland. By this lady he had only three daughters,--Margaret, wife of William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby; Elizabeth, wife of Alexander Comyn, Scotch Earl of Buchan; and Ela, wife of Alan, Baron le Zouche, of Ashby. Earl Roger m. secondly, Maud, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, and widow of Anselme le Mareschall, Earl of Pembroke, and m. thirdly, Alianore, daughter of William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby, and widow of William, Baron de Vaux, who survived him, and m. Roger de Leybourne. Dugdale states that Earl Roger had a fourth daughter, but by which wife it is unknown, named Isabella, with whom a contract of marriage was made by John, son of Hugh de Nevill, for his son Hugh. His lordship d. 1264, when the earldom became extinct, and his great landed possessions devolved upon his daughters, as coheiresses.
-----------
From Wikipedia - Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester :

Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester (1195? - 25 April 1265 ) was a medieval nobleman who was prominent on both sides of the Anglo-Scottish border , as Earl of Winchester and Constable of Scotland .

He was the second son of Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester , and Margaret de Beaumont .

He probably joined his father on the Fifth Crusade in 1219, where the elder de Quincy fell sick and died. His elder brother having died a few years earlier, Roger thus inherited his father's titles and properties. However, he did not take possession of his father's lands until February 1221, probably because he did not return to England from the crusade until then. He did not formally become earl until after the death of his mother in 1235.

Roger married Helen , eldest daughter and co-heiress of Alan, Lord of Galloway . Without legitimate sons to succeed him, Alan's lands and dignities were divided between the husbands of his three daughters, so Roger acquired Alan's position as Constable of Scotland , and one-third of the lordship of Galloway (although the actual title of Lord of Galloway went through Helen's half-sister Devorguilla to her husband John I de Balliol ).

The Galwegians rebelled under Gille Ruadh , not wanting their land divided, but the rebellion was suppressed by Alexander II of Scotland . Roger ruled his portion of Galloway strictly, and the Galwegians revolted again in 1247, forcing Roger to take refuge in a castle. Faced with a siege and little chance of relief, Roger and a few men fought their way out and rode off to seek help from Alexander, who raised forces to again suppress the rebellion.

In the following years Roger was one of the leaders of the baronial opposition to Henry III of England , although he fought for Henry against the Welsh in the 1250s and 1260s.

Following Helen's death in 1245, Roger married Maud de Bohun, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford , around 1250. Maud died only two years later, and Roger married his third wife, Eleanor Ferrers, daughter of William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby the same year.

Roger had three daughters by his first wife, but no sons. His subsequent marriages produced no issue. After his death his estates were divided between the daughters, and the earldom of Winchester lapsed. The three daughters of Roger and Helen of Galloway were:
Helen (also known as Ela or Elena), who married Alan Baron Zouche of Ashby;
Elizabeth (also known as Isabella), who married Alexander Comyn, 2nd Earl of Buchan ;
Margaret, who married William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby (and was thus stepmother to her own stepmother).

Noted events in his life were:

• Constable of Scotland:

Children from this marriage were:

+ 112 F    i. Margaret de Quincy 79 81 82 was born in 1218 in <Winchester>, Hampshire, England and died on 12 Mar 1280 at age 62.

+ 113 F    ii. Elizabeth de Quincey .78

+ 114 F    iii. Helen de Quincy, of Brackley 20 83 was born about 1222 in <Winchester, Hampshire>, England and died Sh. Bef. 20 Aug 1296 in England about age 74.

108. Isabel Brus 53 (Adam Brus102, Adam Brus95, Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale90, Adam Brus86, Robert de Brusse81, Ragnvald Brusesson75, Brusi Sigurdsson69, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1160 in Skelton, North Yorkshire, England, died after 1230, and was buried in Whitby Abbey, North Riding, Yorkshire, England. Another name for Isabel was Isabel Bruce.

Isabel married Henry de Percy, 5th Baron Percy,84 85 son of Joscelin, de Louvain and Agnes de Percy, about 1182 in Cleveland, Yorkshire, England. Henry was born about 1156 in <Whitby>, Yorkshire, England, died before 29 Sep 1198, and was buried in St. Lo, Rouen, France.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 115 M    i. William de Percy, 6th Baron Percy 84 85 was born about 1193 in <Alnwick>, Northumberland, England, died before 28 Jul 1245, and was buried in Salley Abbey, Craven, Yorkshire, England.

109. Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester 58 67 (Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1155 and died on 3 Nov 1219 in Palestine at age 64. Other names for Saher were Seer de Quincy, Saher de Quincey Earl of Winchester, Saher de Quincey Earl of Winchester, and Saer de Quincy 1st Earl of Winchester.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester

Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester (1155 - 1219 -11-03 ) was one of the leaders of the baronial rebellion against King John of England , and a major figure in both Scotland and England in the decades around the turn of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.

Saer de Quincy's immediate background was in the Scottish kingdom: his father was a knight in the service of king William the Lion , and his mother was the heiress of the lordship of Leuchars in Fife (see below ). His rise to prominence in England came through his marriage to Margaret, the younger sister of Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester : but it is probably no coincidence that her other brother was the de Quincys' powerful Fife neighbour, Roger de Beaumont , Bishop of St Andrews . In 1204, Earl Robert died, leaving Margaret as co-heiress of the vast earldom along with her elder sister. The estate was split in half, and after the final division was ratified in 1207, de Quincy was made Earl of Winchester .

Following his marriage, de Quincy became a prominent military and diplomatic figure in England. There is no evidence of any close alliance with King John , however, and his rise to importance was probably due to his newly-acquired magnate status and the family connections that underpinned it.

Family
The family of de Quincy had arrived in England after the Norman Conquest , and took their name from Cuinchy in the Arrondissement of Béthune ; the personal name "Saer" was used by them over several generations. Both names are variously spelled in primary sources and older modern works, the first name being sometimes rendered Saher or Seer, and the surname as Quency or Quenci.

The first recorded Saer de Quincy (known to historians as "Saer I") was lord of the manor of Long Buckby in Northamptonshire in the earlier twelfth century, and second husband of Matilda of St Liz , stepdaughter of King David I of Scotland . This marriage produced two sons, Saer II and Robert de Quincy . It was Robert, the younger son, who was the father of the Saer de Quincy who eventually became Earl of Winchester. By her first husband Robert Fitz Richard , Matilda was also the paternal grandmother of Earl Saer's close ally, Robert Fitzwalter.

Robert de Quincy seems to have inherited no English lands from his father, and pursued a knightly career in Scotland, where he is recorded from around 1160 as a close companion of his cousin, King William the Lion . By 1170 he had married Orabilis , heiress of the Scottish lordship of Leuchars and, through her, he became lord of an extensive complex of estates north of the border which included lands in Fife , Strathearn and Lothian .

Saer de Quincy, the son of Robert de Quincy and Orabilis of Leuchars, was raised largely in Scotland. His absence from English records for the first decades of his life has led some modern historians and genealogists to confuse him with his uncle, Saer II, who took part in the rebellion of Henry the Young King in 1173, when the future Earl of Winchester can have been no more than a toddler. Saer II's line ended without direct heirs, and his nephew and namesake would eventually inherit his estate, uniting his primary Scottish holdings with the family's Northamptonshire patrimony, and possibly some lands in France.

By his wife Margaret de Beaumont, Saer de Quincy had three sons and three daughters:

Lorette who married Sir William de Valognes
Arabella who married Sir Richard Harcourt
Robert (d. 1217). Some sources say he married Hawise, sister and co-heiress of Ranulf de Blundeville, earl of Chester . However, it is more likely Hawise married Saer's brother Robert II;
Roger , who succeeded his father as earl of Winchester (though he did not take formal possession of the earldom until after his mother's death);
Robert de Quincy (second son of that name; d. 1257) who married Helen , daughter of the Welsh prince Llywelyn the Great ;
Hawise, who married Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford .
His arms were: Or, a fess gules, in chief a label of seven points azure.

Noted events in his life were:

• Governor of Castle of Ruil: in Normandy, 1203.

• Created: Earl of Winchester, Bef 1210.

• Magna Charta Surety: 1215.

• Crusader: 1218-1219.

• Siege of Damietta: 1219.

Saher married Margaret de Beaumont,79 86 87 daughter of Sir Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester and Petronilla de Grandmesnil, before 1173 in England. Margaret was born about 1156 in <Hampshire>, England and died about 12 Jan 1235 about age 79. Another name for Margaret was Margaret de Harcourt.

Death Notes: Ancestral Roots, line 53-27 has "d. prob. on 12 Jan. 1234/5 but sh. bef. 12 Feb. 1234/5"

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford
and
Source: Wikipedia - Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester


Children from this marriage were:

+ 116 F    i. Lorette de Quincy .

+ 117 M    ii. Robert de Quincy 58 88 died in 1217.

+ 118 M    iii. Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester 77 78 79 80 was born about 1174 in <Winchester>, Hampshire, England, died on 25 Apr 1264 in England about age 90, and was buried in Brackley, Aberdeenshire, Scotland.

+ 119 M    iv. Robert II de Quincy 89 90 died in 1257 in <Palestine>.

+ 120 F    v. Hawise de Quincy .91 92

110. Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford 75 76 (Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1176 and died on 1 Jun 1220 at age 44.

Death Notes: Died on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land

Research Notes: From Magna Charta Barons, pp. 81-82:
Henry de Bohun, eldest son and heir, who in reality was the first Earl of Hereford of this family, being so created by charter of King John, dated April 28, 1199; but the office of lord high constable he inherited. As he took prominent part with the Barons against the king, his lands were sequestered, but he received them again at the sealing of the Magna Charta. He was elected one of the celebrated twenty-five Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta, and having been excommunicated by the Pope, with the other Barons, he did not return to his allegiance on the decease of King John, but was one of the commanders in the army of Louis, the Dauphin, at the battle of Lincoln, and was taken prisoner. After this defeat he joined Saher de Quincey, and others, in a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and c. on the passage, June 1, 1220, 4 Henry III. His body was brought home and buried in the chapter-house of Llanthony Abbey, in Gloucestershire.

He m. Maud, daughter of Geoffrey Fitz-Piers, Baron de Mandeville, created, in 1199, Earl of Essex, Justiciary of England, d. 1212, and eventually heiress of her brother William de Mandeville, last Earl of Essex of that family, by whom he acquired the honor of Essex and many extensive lordships, and sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, one of the celebrated twenty-five Magna Charta Sureties, and had:
Humphrey de Bohun, second Earl of Hereford and Essex.
Margaret, wife of Waleran de Newburgh, fourth Earl of Warwick.
Ralph de Bohun.

Noted events in his life were:

• Hereditary Constable of England:

• Sheriff of Kent: 1200.

• Magna Charta Surety: 1215.

Henry married Maud FitzGeoffrey, de Mandeville,93 daughter of Geoffrey FitzPeter, 1st Earl of Essex and Beatrice de Say,. Maud died on 27 Aug 1236.

Research Notes: After Henry's death (1220), Countess of Essex


The child from this marriage was:

+ 121 M    i. Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex 94 95 was born by 1208, died on 24 Sep 1275 in Warwickshire, England at age 67, and was buried in Llanthony Secunda, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

111. Roger de Toeni 37 (Ralph de Toeni, de Conches106, Roger de Toeni, de Conches100, Alice Huntingdon93, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1156 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died about Jan 1209 about age 53.

Roger married Constance de Beaumont,44 daughter of Richard de Beaumont and Unknown,. Constance was born about 1202 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died after 1226.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 122 M    i. Ralph de Toeni 37 was born about 1190 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died about 29 Sep 1239 about age 49.

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112. Margaret de Quincy 79 81 82 (Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1218 in <Winchester>, Hampshire, England and died on 12 Mar 1280 at age 62.

Research Notes: 2nd wife of William de Ferrers.

Margaret married Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby,82 96 97 son of William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby and Agnes, of Chester, Lady of Chartley, about 1238. William was born about 1193 in <Derbyshire>, England, died on 28 Mar 1254 in Evington, Leicestershire, England about age 61, and was buried on 31 Mar 1254 in Merevale Abbey, Merevale, Warwickshire, England.

Birth Notes: FamilySearch has b. abt 1200

Death Notes: FamilySearch has d. 24 Mar 1254

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby :

William III de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby (1193 - 28 March 1254), was an English nobleman and head of a family which controlled a large part of Derbyshire including an area known as Duffield Frith .
He was born in Derbyshire , England, the son of William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby and Agnes of Chester , a daughter of Hugh of Kevelioc , Earl of Chester and Bertrada de Montfort. He succeeded to the title in 1247, on the death of his father and, after doing homage to King Henry III , he had livery of Chartley Castle and other lands of his mother's inheritance. He had accompanied King Henry to France in 1230 and sat in parliament in London in the same year.
He had many favours granted to him by the king, among them the right of free warren in Beaurepair (Belper ), Makeney , Winleigh (Windley ), Holbrooke , Siward (Southwood near Coxbench), Heyhegh (Heage ) Cortelegh (Corkley, in the parish of Muggington ), Ravensdale , Holland (Hulland ), and many other places,[1]
Like his father, he suffered from gout from youth, and always traveled in a litter. He was accidentally thrown from his litter into water, while crossing a bridge, at St Neots , in Huntingdon and although he escaped immediate death, yet he never recovered from the effects of the accident. He died on 28 March 1254, after only seven years, and was succeeded by his son Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby .

Earl William Ferrers' effigy in Merevale Abbey
William de Ferrers is buried at Merevere Abbey , Warwickshire , England. His widow died on 12 March 1280.
Family and Children

William Ferrers married Sibyl Marshal , one of the daughters and co-heirs of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke . They had seven daughters:
Agnes Ferrers (died 11 May 1290), married William de Vesci.
Isabel Ferrers (died before 26 November 1260), married (1) Gilbert Basset, of Wycombe, and (2) Reginald de Mohun
Maud Ferrers (died 12 March 1298), married (1) Simon de Kyme, and (2) William de Vivonia, and (3) Amaury IX of Rochechouart.
Sibyl Ferrers, married Sir Francis or Franco de Bohun, an ancestor of Daniel Boone. (it is her aunt Sibyl, sister of William, who married John de Vipont , Lord of Appleby)
Joan Ferrers (died 1267), married to:
John de Mohun;
Robert Aguillon
Agatha Ferrers (died May 1306), married Hugh Mortimer, of Chelmarsh .
Eleanor Ferrers (died 16 October 1274), married to:
William de Vaux;
Roger de Quincy, Earl of Winchester ;
Roger de Leybourne, but had no issue
In 1238, he married Margaret de Quincy (born 1218), daughter of Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester and Helen of Galloway . Bizarrely, Margaret was both the stepmother and stepdaughter of William's daughter, Eleanor. The earl and Margaret had the following children:
Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby , his successor. He married:
Mary de Lusignan, daughter of Hugh XI of Lusignan , Count of Angoulême , and niece of King Henry III , by whom he had no issue;
Alianore de Bohun, daughter of Humphrey VI de Bohun , per Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines 57-30 & 68-29.
William Ferrers obtained, by gift of Margaret, his mother, the manor of Groby in Leicestershire , assuming the arms of the family of De Quincy. He married:
Anne Durward , daughter of Alan Durward [2]; their son was William de Ferrers, 1st Baron Ferrers of Groby .
Eleanor, daughter of Matthew Lovaine.
Joan Ferrers (died 19 March 1309) married Thomas de Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley .
Agnes Ferrers married Sir Robert de Muscegros (aka Robert de Musgrove ), Lord of Kemerton , Boddington & Deerhurst .
Elizabeth Ferrers , married to:
William Marshal , 2nd Baron Marshal;
Prince Dafydd ap Gruffydd


Children from this marriage were:

+ 123 F    i. Agnes de Ferrers 98 died after 9 May 1281.

+ 124 M    ii. Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby 99 was born in 1239 and died in 1279 at age 40.

+ 125 F    iii. Joan de Ferrers 79 82 was born about 1248 in Derbyshire, England, died on 19 Mar 1309 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England about age 61, and was buried in St. Augustine's, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.

113. Elizabeth de Quincey 78 (Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1). Another name for Elizabeth was Elisabeth de Quincy.

Research Notes: 2nd daughter, and coheiress, of Roger de Quincy.

Elizabeth married Alexander Comyn, 2nd Earl of Buchan.100 Alexander died in 1289.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Alexander Comyn, Earl of Buchan :

Alexander Comyn, Earl of Buchan (died 1289) was a Scoto-Norman magnate who was one of the most important figures in the 13th century Kingdom of Scotland . He was the son of William Comyn, jure uxoris Earl of Buchan , and Marjory, Countess of Buchan , the heiress of the last native Scottish Mormaer of Buchan , Fergus . During his long career, Alexander was Justiciar of Scotia (1258-89), Constable of Scotland (1275-89), Sheriff of Wigtown (1263-66), Sheriff of Dingwall (1264-66), Ballie of Inverie (in Knoydart ) and finally, Guardian of Scotland (1286-89) during the first interregnum following the death of King Alexander III . He died sometime after July 10 , 1289 .

Alexander had at least nine children with his wife, Elisabeth, daughter of Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester :
John , Alexander's successor as Earl of Buchan
Roger
Lord Alexander Comyn, a sheriff of Aberdeen, married Joan, sister of William le Latimer, and had issue. Henry de Beaumont would claim the Earldom of Buchan through marriage to their daughter, Alice .
Lord William Comyn, Provost of St. Mary's Church, St. Andrews
Lady Marjorie Comyn, m. Patrick Dunbar, 8th Earl of Dunbar
Lady Emma Comyn, m. Maol Íosa III, Earl of Strathearn
Lady Elisabetha Comyn, m. Gilbert de Umfraville, 1st Earl of Angus
Lady Elena Comyn
Lady Annora Comyn, m. Nicholas de Soules

Noted events in his life were:

• Justiciar and Constable of Scotland:

Children from this marriage were:

+ 126 M    i. John Comyn, Earl of Buchan 100 died in Dec 1308 in England.

+ 127 M    ii. Roger Comyn .100

+ 128 M    iii. Alexander Comyn .100

114. Helen de Quincy, of Brackley 20 83 (Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1222 in <Winchester, Hampshire>, England and died Sh. Bef. 20 Aug 1296 in England about age 74. Other names for Helen were Ela de Quincey, Elena de Quincy of Brackley, and Ellen de Quincy.

Research Notes: 3rd daughter, and coheiress, of Roger de Quincy.

Helen married Sir Alan La Zouche,20 101 102 son of Roger La Zouche and Margaret, before 1242. Alan was born about 1203 in <Ashby-de-la-Zouche, Leicestershire>, England and died on 10 Aug 1270 in England about age 67. Another name for Alan was Alan II de La Zouche.

Death Notes: According to Wikipedia: "As the result of a quarrel over some lands with John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey , he was seriously injured in Westminster Hall by the earl and his retainers, and died on August 10 , 1270 ."

Research Notes: Eldest son and heir of Roger la Zouche.

From Wikipedia - Baron Zouche :

Roger La Zouche became the father of Alan la Zouche (1205-1270) and Eudo La Zouche. [1] Alan was justice of Chester and justice of Ireland under Henry III of England . He was loyal to the king during the struggle with the barons, fought at the Battle of Lewes and helped to arrange the peace of Kenilworth . As the result of a quarrel over some lands with John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey , he was seriously injured in Westminster Hall by the earl and his retainers, and died on August 10 , 1270 .

Noted events in his life were:

• Constable of the Tower of London:

• Justice: of Chester. under Henry III

• Justice: of Ireland. under Henry III

Children from this marriage were:

+ 129 M    i. Eudo La Zouche 20 was born about 1244 in <Ashby, Leicestershire, England> and died before 25 Jun 1279.

+ 130 F    ii. Margery La Zouche 40 was born about 1251 in <Clavering, Essex>, England.

115. William de Percy, 6th Baron Percy 84 85 (Isabel Brus108, Adam Brus102, Adam Brus95, Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale90, Adam Brus86, Robert de Brusse81, Ragnvald Brusesson75, Brusi Sigurdsson69, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1193 in <Alnwick>, Northumberland, England, died before 28 Jul 1245, and was buried in Salley Abbey, Craven, Yorkshire, England.

William married Joan de Briwere 53 about 1223 in Warwick, Warwickshire, England. Joan was born about 1197 in <Stoke, Devonshire>, England, died before 12 Jun 1233, and was buried in Hospital, Sandown, Surrey, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 131 F    i. Anastasia Percy 84 was born about 1216 in <Alnwick>, Northumberland, England.

116. Lorette de Quincy (Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester :
Lorette who married Sir William de Valognes

117. Robert de Quincy 58 88 (Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died in 1217.

Research Notes: Eldest son, first son named Robert. (There were two.)

From Wikipedia - Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester :

"Robert (d. 1217). Some sources say he married Hawise, sister and co-heiress of Ranulf de Blundeville, earl of Chester . However, it is more likely Hawise married Saer's brother Robert II;"
----------
Ancestral Roots, Line 54-28 (Robert II de Quincy), has "d.v.p. bef. 1232,... m. Hawise of Chester (125-29), b. 1180, d. 1241/3, Countess of Lincoln." The "d.v.p. bef. 1232 makes this one appear to be the first Robert.
----------
From Magna Charta Barons, pp. 121-122 (this could be in error):
Robert de Quincey, who d. in the Holy Land, having issue by his wife Hawyse, daughter of Hugh de Keveliock (or Bohun), Powys, Wales, fifth Earl Palatine of Chester, d. 1181, and his wife Bertred, daughter of Simon, Earl of Evereux, in Normandy, an only daughter, Margaret, wife of John de Lacie, Earl of Lincoln, one of the celebrated twenty-five Magna Charta Sureties.

Robert married someone.

118. Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester 77 78 79 80 (Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1174 in <Winchester>, Hampshire, England, died on 25 Apr 1264 in England about age 90, and was buried in Brackley, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Another name for Roger was Roger de Quincey 2nd Earl of Winchester.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester :

Roger , who succeeded his father as earl of Winchester (though he did not take formal possession of the earldom until after his mother's death);
----------
From Magna Charta Barons, p. 122:
Roger de Quincey, second son, who had livery of his father's lands, although his elder brother [Robert] was alive in the Holy Land, and succeeded to the earldom of Winchester, and in right of his first wife, daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway, became lord high constable of Scotland. By this lady he had only three daughters,--Margaret, wife of William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby; Elizabeth, wife of Alexander Comyn, Scotch Earl of Buchan; and Ela, wife of Alan, Baron le Zouche, of Ashby. Earl Roger m. secondly, Maud, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, and widow of Anselme le Mareschall, Earl of Pembroke, and m. thirdly, Alianore, daughter of William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby, and widow of William, Baron de Vaux, who survived him, and m. Roger de Leybourne. Dugdale states that Earl Roger had a fourth daughter, but by which wife it is unknown, named Isabella, with whom a contract of marriage was made by John, son of Hugh de Nevill, for his son Hugh. His lordship d. 1264, when the earldom became extinct, and his great landed possessions devolved upon his daughters, as coheiresses.
-----------
From Wikipedia - Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester :

Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester (1195? - 25 April 1265 ) was a medieval nobleman who was prominent on both sides of the Anglo-Scottish border , as Earl of Winchester and Constable of Scotland .

He was the second son of Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester , and Margaret de Beaumont .

He probably joined his father on the Fifth Crusade in 1219, where the elder de Quincy fell sick and died. His elder brother having died a few years earlier, Roger thus inherited his father's titles and properties. However, he did not take possession of his father's lands until February 1221, probably because he did not return to England from the crusade until then. He did not formally become earl until after the death of his mother in 1235.

Roger married Helen , eldest daughter and co-heiress of Alan, Lord of Galloway . Without legitimate sons to succeed him, Alan's lands and dignities were divided between the husbands of his three daughters, so Roger acquired Alan's position as Constable of Scotland , and one-third of the lordship of Galloway (although the actual title of Lord of Galloway went through Helen's half-sister Devorguilla to her husband John I de Balliol ).

The Galwegians rebelled under Gille Ruadh , not wanting their land divided, but the rebellion was suppressed by Alexander II of Scotland . Roger ruled his portion of Galloway strictly, and the Galwegians revolted again in 1247, forcing Roger to take refuge in a castle. Faced with a siege and little chance of relief, Roger and a few men fought their way out and rode off to seek help from Alexander, who raised forces to again suppress the rebellion.

In the following years Roger was one of the leaders of the baronial opposition to Henry III of England , although he fought for Henry against the Welsh in the 1250s and 1260s.

Following Helen's death in 1245, Roger married Maud de Bohun, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford , around 1250. Maud died only two years later, and Roger married his third wife, Eleanor Ferrers, daughter of William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby the same year.

Roger had three daughters by his first wife, but no sons. His subsequent marriages produced no issue. After his death his estates were divided between the daughters, and the earldom of Winchester lapsed. The three daughters of Roger and Helen of Galloway were:
Helen (also known as Ela or Elena), who married Alan Baron Zouche of Ashby;
Elizabeth (also known as Isabella), who married Alexander Comyn, 2nd Earl of Buchan ;
Margaret, who married William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby (and was thus stepmother to her own stepmother).

Noted events in his life were:

• Constable of Scotland:

Roger married Helen, of Galloway,71 72 daughter of Alan, Lord of Galloway and Helen de L'Isle,. Helen was born about 1208 in <Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland> and died on 21 Nov 1245 in England about age 37. Another name for Helen was Elena of Galloway.

Research Notes: First wife of Roger de Quincy.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 107)

119. Robert II de Quincy 89 90 (Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died in 1257 in <Palestine>. Other names for Robert were Robert de Quincey and Robert the Younger de Quincey.

Research Notes: Second son named Robert.

From Wikipedia - Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester :

Robert de Quincy (second son of that name; d. 1257) who married Helen , daughter of the Welsh prince Llywelyn the Great ;

"Robert (d. 1217). Some sources say he married Hawise, sister and co-heiress of Ranulf de Blundeville, earl of Chester . However, it is more likely Hawise married Saer's brother Robert II;"
---------
Ancestral Roots, Line 54-28 (Robert II de Quincy), has "d.v.p. bef. 1232,... m. Hawise of Chester (125-29), b. 1180, d. 1241/3, Countess of Lincoln." The "d.v.p. bef. 1232 makes him appear to be the first Robert.


Noted events in his life were:

• Crusader:

Robert married Elen ferch Llywelyn Fawr,58 103 daughter of Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd and Joan, Princess of Gwynedd, after 1237. Elen was born about 1207 and died in 1253 about age 46. Other names for Elen were Helene, Elen verch Llywelyn, and Helen verch Llywelyn.

Research Notes: If Robert II de Quincy was the husband of Hawise of Chester, Elen was his second wife. Magna Charta Barons lists only Elen and has her as the mother of his 3 daughters. Magna Charta Barons is not a reliable source.

From Wikipedia - Elen ferch Llywelyn :

Elen ferch Llywelyn (c. 1206 - 1253) was the daughter of Llywelyn the Great of Gwynedd in north Wales .

The records of Llywelyn's family are confusing, and it is not certain which of his children were illegitimate, but Elen appears to have been his legitimate daughter by Joan , illegitimate daughter of King John of England .

Elen married John de Scotia, Earl of Chester , in about 1222. He died aged thirty in 1237, and she re-married, her second husband being Sir Robert de Quincy . Their daughter, Hawise , was married to Baldwin Wake , Lord Wake of Lidel. Hawise and Baldwin's granddaughter, Margaret Wake , was the mother of Joan of Kent , later Princess of Wales. Thus the blood of Llywelyn Fawr passed into the English royal family through King Richard II .

There is also a record of a "Helen" daughter of "Llywelyn of Wales" who married Mormaer Maol Choluim II, Earl of Fife and later married Domhnall I, Earl of Mar . The dates appear to rule out this being Elen, since Maol Chaluim II did not die until 1266 while Elen's death is recorded in 1253. Some genealogists propose the existence of another Elen, an illegitimate daughter born towards the end of Llywelyn's life, but there is no clear evidence for this. Another possibility is that this Helen might have been an illegitimate daughter of Llywelyn the Last born when he was a young man, but there is also no evidence of the theory being true. More likely this lady was Susannah ferch Llywelyn ab Iorwerth , who was sent to England in 1228 and married the earl of Fife in the summer of 1237.[1]

Robert next married Hawise, of Chester, Countess of Lincoln,104 105 daughter of Hugh, of Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester and Bertrade de Montfort, of Evreux,. Hawise was born in 1180 and died between 1241 and 1243. Another name for Hawise was Hawyse of Chester.

Research Notes: Sister and coheiress of Ranulph de Meschines, fourth Earl of Chester and Lincoln.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 132 F    i. Margaret de Quincy 90 106 was born about 1209 and died in Mar 1266 in Hempstead Marshall, England about age 57.

120. Hawise de Quincy 91 92 (Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1). Another name for Hawise was Hawyse de Quincey.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford

Hawise married Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford,92 107 108 son of Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford and Isabella de Bolebec, after 11 Feb 1223. Hugh was born about 1210 in Oxfordshire, England and died before 23 Dec 1263.

Research Notes: 6th Earl of Oxford and Great Chamberlain of England.

From Wikipedia - Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford

Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford (c. 1210 - December , 1263 ) was the only child and heir of Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford . Hugh was born c. 1210. His father died in 1221, and Hugh made homage for his earldom in 1231. He was knighted around the same time. He supposedly also took part in the Seventh Crusade , in 1248-1254. In 1223, Hugh married Hawise Quincy, daughter of Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester , and his wife, Margaret Beaumont. When he died in 1263, he was succeeded by his son Robert de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford .

Noted events in his life were:

• Hereditary Master Chamberlain of England:

The child from this marriage was:

+ 133 M    i. Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford 109 110 was born in 1240 in Oxfordshire, England and died on 2 Sep 1296 at age 56.

121. Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex 94 95 (Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born by 1208, died on 24 Sep 1275 in Warwickshire, England at age 67, and was buried in Llanthony Secunda, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-28, "2nd Earl of Hereford and after div. of his mother 1236, 7th Earl of Essex, Constable of England, sheriff of Kent."

From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.136:

"In the wake of the dismemberment of the de Breos empire [after the hanging of William de Breos in 1230], the Bohun and Cantelupe families joined the ranks of the leading Marcher Lords..."
--------
From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford :

Humphrey de Bohun (1208 or bef. 1208 - Warwickshire , 24 September 1275 ) was 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex , as well as Constable of England . He was the son of Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford and Maud of Essex.

Career
He was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward , later to be Edward I of England .
After returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land , he was one of the writers of the Provisions of Oxford in 1258.

Marriage and children
He married c. 1236 Mahaut or Maud de Lusignan (c. 1210 - 14 August 1241 , buried at Llanthony, Gloucester ), daughter of Raoul I of Lusignan , Comte d'Eu by marriage, and second wife Alix d'Eu, 8th Comtesse d'Eu and 4th Lady of Hastings, and had issue. Their children were:
Humphrey de Bohun, predeceased his father in 1265.
Alice de Bohun , married Roger V de Toeni
Maud de Bohun , married (1) Anselm Marshal, 6th Earl of Pembroke ; (2) Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester

Death & burial
He died in 1275 and was buried at Llanthony Secunda , Gloucester .

Noted events in his life were:

• 7th Earl of Essex: 1236. After div. of his mother

• Constable of England:

• Sheriff of Kent:

Humphrey married Mahaut de Lusignan,95 111 daughter of Raoul I de Lusignan and Alice d'Eu, Countess of Eu, Lady of Hastings, about 1236. Mahaut was born about 1210, died on 14 Aug 1241 about age 31, and was buried in Llanthony Secunda, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England. Other names for Mahaut were Maud d'Eu and Maud de Lusignan.

Research Notes: First wife of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-28 (Humphrey V de Bohun).


Children from this marriage were:

+ 134 M    i. Humphrey VI de Bohun 112 113 died about 4 Aug 1265 in Battle of Evesham, Evesham, Worcestershire, England.

+ 135 F    ii. Alice de Bohun .95

+ 136 F    iii. Maud de Bohun .95

122. Ralph de Toeni 37 (Roger de Toeni111, Ralph de Toeni, de Conches106, Roger de Toeni, de Conches100, Alice Huntingdon93, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1190 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died about 29 Sep 1239 about age 49.

Death Notes: Died at sea.

Ralph married Petronilla de Lacy,44 daughter of Walter de Lacy, Lord of Meath, Ireland & Weobley, Herefordshire and Margeret de Braose, before 1234. Petronilla was born about 1195 in <Meath, Ireland> and died after 25 Nov 1288. Another name for Petronilla was Pernel de Lacy.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 137 M    i. Ralph de Toeni 37 was born about 1255 in England and died before 29 Jul 1295 in France.

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123. Agnes de Ferrers 98 (Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died after 9 May 1281.

Agnes married Sir Robert de Muscegros, of Charlton, Somerset,114 115 son of Sir John de Muscegros, of Charlton and Cecily Avenal,. Robert was born about 1252 and died on 27 Dec 1280 about age 28.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 138 F    i. Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton 116 was born on 21 Dec 1276 and died After Jun 1340 By Dec 1350.

124. Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby 99 (Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1239 and died in 1279 at age 40.

Robert married Alianore de Bohun,117 daughter of Humphrey VI de Bohun and Eleanor de Braose, on 26 Jun 1269. Alianore died on 20 Feb 1314.

Research Notes: Second wife of Robert de Ferrers.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 139 M    i. Sir John de Ferrers, of Southoe and Keyston 118 was born on 30 Jun 1271 in Cardiff and died in Aug 1312 in Gascony at age 41.

125. Joan de Ferrers 79 82 (Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1248 in Derbyshire, England, died on 19 Mar 1309 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England about age 61, and was buried in St. Augustine's, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.

Joan married Thomas de Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley 119 in 1267. Thomas was born in 1245 and died on 23 Jul 1321 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England at age 76.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Thomas de Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley :

Thomas de Berkeley aka The Wise (1245 - 23 July 1321 ), 1st Baron Berkeley, was an English baron , soldier and diplomat .
Thomas was born in 1245 at Berkeley Castle in the English county of Gloucestershire , the son of Sir Maurice de Berkeley and Isabel FitzRoy . In 1267, he married Joan de Ferrers, the daughter of William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby and Margaret de Quinci, and was succeeded by his son Maurice de Berkeley II .
Berkeley fought in the Battle of Evesham . He inherited the title of Baron de Berkeley [feudal baron] in 1281 and was created 1st Baron Berkeley [England by writ] on 28 June 1283 . He was a commissioner to examine the claims to the crown of Scotland in June 1292.
He was on an embassy to France in January 1296 and held the office of Vice-Constable of England in 1297. He fought in the Battle of Falkirk on 22 July 1298 and fought in the siege of Caerlaverock in July 1300. He was on an embassy to Pope Clement V in July 1307. He fought in the Battle of Bannockburn on 24 June 1314 , where he was taken prisoner, and paid a large sum for his ransom. He died at Berkeley on 23 July 1321 .


The child from this marriage was:

+ 140 M    i. Maurice de Berkeley 79 was born in Apr 1271 in <Berkeley Castle, > near Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, died on 31 May 1326 in Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Berkshire (Oxfordshire), England at age 55, and was buried in St. Augustine's, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.

126. John Comyn, Earl of Buchan 100 (Elizabeth de Quincey113, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died in Dec 1308 in England.

Research Notes: Died childless.

John married Isabelle MacDuff.120

127. Roger Comyn 100 (Elizabeth de Quincey113, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

128. Alexander Comyn 100 (Elizabeth de Quincey113, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

Noted events in his life were:

• Sheriff of Aberdeen:

Alexander married Joan le Latimer,100 daughter of William le Latimer and Alicia Ledet,.

Research Notes: Sister of William le Latimer


Children from this marriage were:

+ 141 F    i. Alice Comyn 120 was born in 1289 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland and died on 3 Jul 1349 at age 60.

+ 142 F    ii. Margaret Comyn .120

129. Eudo La Zouche 20 (Helen de Quincy, of Brackley114, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1244 in <Ashby, Leicestershire, England> and died before 25 Jun 1279. Another name for Eudo was Eon La Zouche.

Eudo married Millicent de Cantelou,20 daughter of William de Cantelou, Baron Abergavenny and Eve de Braose, of Abergavenny, before 1273 in Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, England. Millicent was born about 1250 in <Calne, Wiltshire>, England and died before 7 Jan 1299 in Harringworth, Northamptonshire, England. Other names for Millicent were Millicent de Cantilou, Millicent de Cantilupe, and Millicent de Cauntelo.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 143 F    i. Eve La Zouche 20 was born about 1281 in <Harringworth, Northamptonshire>, England, died on 5 Dec 1314 about age 33, and was buried in Church, Portbury, Somersetshire, England.

130. Margery La Zouche 40 (Helen de Quincy, of Brackley114, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1251 in <Clavering, Essex>, England. Another name for Margery was Mary La Zouche.

Margery married Robert FitzRoger Clavering,53 son of Roger FitzJohn Clavering, de Baliol and Isabel, about 1265. Robert was born about 1247 in <Clavering, Essex>, England and died on 29 Apr 1310 about age 63.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 144 F    i. Eupheme FitzRoger Clavering 53 was born about 1267 in <Warkworth, Northumberland>, England, was christened in Clavering, Essex, England, died in 1329 in Warkworth, Northumberland, England about age 62, and was buried in Staindrop, Durham, England.

131. Anastasia Percy 84 (William de Percy, 6th Baron Percy115, Isabel Brus108, Adam Brus102, Adam Brus95, Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale90, Adam Brus86, Robert de Brusse81, Ragnvald Brusesson75, Brusi Sigurdsson69, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1216 in <Alnwick>, Northumberland, England.

Anastasia married Ralph FitzRandolph,84 son of Ralph FitzRandolph and Margery Bigot,. Ralph was born about 1206 in <Middleham>, Yorkshire, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 145 F    i. Mary FitzRandolph 84 was born about 1244 in <Middleham>, Yorkshire, England, died on 11 Apr 1320 in Coverham, Yorkshire, England about age 76, and was buried in Coverham Abbey, Coverham, Yorkshire, England.

132. Margaret de Quincy 90 106 (Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1209 and died in Mar 1266 in Hempstead Marshall, England about age 57. Another name for Margaret was Margaret de Quincey.

Research Notes: Second wife of John de Lacie.

Ancestral Roots
, line 54-29 states, "(sole surv. dau. of Hawise, yngst sis. and eventual coh. of Ranulf III, Earl of Cheater and Lincoln)... It is doubtful that she ever m. (3) Richard of Wiltshire, attributed to her in some sources.)

From Magna Charta Barons, p. 102:
"John de Lacie, Earl of Lincoln... m. secondly, after his marked gallantry at the siege of Damietta, Margaret, the only daughter and heiress of Robert de Quincey, a fellow-crusader, who died in the Holy Land, eldest son of Saier de Quincey, Earl of Winchester, one of the twenty-five Sureties for the Magna Charta. Her mother was Hawqyse, a sister and coheiress of Ranulph de Meschines, fourth Earl of Chester and Lincoln, and daughter of Hugh, third Earl of Chester. Earl Ranulph, by a formal charter, granted the earldom of Lincoln to said Hawyse, so that she could be a countess and that her heirs might enjoy the earldom, which grant was confirmed by the king, and at the especial request of the Countess of Lincoln, John de Lacie, her son-in-law, was created Earl of Lincoln, in 1232. John, Earl of Lincoln, had by Lady Margaret, who survived him, and m. secondly, William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke: Edmund de Lacie..."

Margaret married John de Lacy, 1st Earl of Lincoln,121 122 123 son of Roger de Lacy, 7th Baron of Halton and Maud de Clere, before 21 Jun 1221. John was born in 1192 in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England, died on 22 Jul 1240 at age 48, and was buried in Stanlaw Abbey, Chester, England. Another name for John was John de Lacie 1st Earl of Lincoln.

Research Notes: Eldest son and heir of Roger de Lacy and Maud de Clere.

From Wikipedia - John de Lacy, 1st Earl of Lincoln [needs additional citations for verification] :

John de Lacy (c. 1192 - 1240) was the 1st Earl of Lincoln , of the fifth creation. He was the eldest son and heir of Roger de Lacy and his wife, Maud or Matilda de Clere (not of the de Clare family).[1] In 1221 he married Margaret de Lacy, daughter of Robert de Quincy and niece of Ranulph de Blondeville through her mother Hawise. Through this marriage John was in 1232 allowed to succeeded de Blondeville as earl of Lincoln .[1] He was one of twenty-five barons charged with overseeing the observance of Magna Carta in 1215.[2]

He was hereditary constable of Chester and,in the 15th year of King John, undertook the payment of 7,000 marks to the crown, in the space of four years, for livery of the lands of his inheritance, and to be discharged of all his father's debts due to the exchequer, further obligating himself by oath, that in case he should ever swerve from his allegiance, and adhere to the king's enemies, all of his possessions should devolve upon the crown, promising also, that he would not marry without the king's license. By this agreement it was arranged that the king should retain the castles of Pontefract and Dunnington, still in his own hands; and that he, the said John, should allow 40 pounds per year, for the custody of those fortresses. But the next year he had Dunnington restored to him, upon hostages. About this period he joined the baronial standard, and was one of the celebrated twenty-five barons, one of the Sureties, appointed to enforce the observance of the Magna Charta. But the next year, he obtained letters of safe conduct to come to the king to make his peace, and he had similar letters, upon the accession of Henry III., in the second year of which monarch's reign, he went with divers other noblemen into the Holy Land.
John de Lacy (Lacie), 7th Baron of Halton Castle, and hereditary constable of Chester, was one of the earliest who took up arms at the time of the Magna Charta, and was appointed to see that the new statutes were properly carried into effect and observed in the counties of York and Nottingham. He was excommunicated by the Pope. Upon the accession of King Henry III. he joined a party of noblemen and made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and did good service at the siege of Damietta. In 1232 he was made Earl of Lincoln and in 1240, governor of Chester and Beeston Castles. He died July 22, 1240, and was buried at the Cisterian Abbey of Stanlaw, in co. Chester. The monk Matthew Paris, records: "On the 22nd day of July, in the year 1240, which was St. Magdalen's Day, John, Earl of Lincoln, after suffering from a long illness went the way of all flesh." He married (1) Alice, daughter of Gilbert de Aquila, but by her had no issue. She died in 1215 and, after his marked gallantry at the siege of Damietta, he married (2) Margaret Quincy only daughter and heir of Robert de Quincy, Earl of Winchester, by Hawyse, 4th sister and co-heir of Ranulph de Mechines, Earl of Chester and Lincoln , which Ranulph, by a formal charter under his seal, granted the Earldom of Lincoln, that is, so much as he could grant thereof, to the said Hawyse, "to the end that she might be countess, and that her heirs might also enjoy the earldom;" which grant was confirmed by the king, and at the especial request of the countess, this John de Lacy, constable of Chester, was created by charter, dated Northampton, November 23, 1232, Earl of Lincoln, with remainder to the heirs of his body, by his wife, the above-mentioned Margaret. In the contest which occurred during the same year, between the king and Richard Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, Earl Marshal, Matthew Paris states that the Earl of Lincoln was brought over to the king's party, with John le Scot, Earl of Chester, by Peter de Rupibus, Bishop of Winchester, for a bribe of 1,000 marks. In 1237, his lordship was one of those appointed to prohibit Oto, the pope's prelate, from establishing anything derogatory to the king's crown and dignity, in the council of prelates then assembled; and the same year he had a grant of the sheriffalty of Cheshire, being likewise constituted Governor of the castle of Chester. The earl died in 1240, leaving Margaret, his wife, surviving, who remarried Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke.

Noted events in his life were:

• 7th Baron of Halton Castle:

• Hereditary Constable of Chester:

• Magna Charta Surety: 1215.

• Created: 1st Earl of Lincoln of the fifth creation, 23 Nov 1232. Succeeded Ranulph de Blondeville, who was the uncle of Margaret de Lacy through her mother Hawise.

• Governor of Chester and Beeston castles: 1240.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 146 F    i. Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln 124 125 126 was born on 25 Jan 1223 and died before 10 Mar 1289.

+ 147 M    ii. Edmund de Lacy, 2nd Earl of Lincoln died in 1257.

Margaret next married Walter Marshall, Earl of Pembroke. Walter died in 1245.

Research Notes: 2nd husband of Margaret de Quincy.

133. Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford 109 110 (Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1240 in Oxfordshire, England and died on 2 Sep 1296 at age 56. Another name for Robert was Robert de Vere.

Death Notes: Ancestral Roots has d. bef 7 Sept. 1296

Research Notes: 6th Earl of Oxford and great Chamberlain of England.

Noted events in his life were:

• Member of Parliament: 1283, 1295-1296.

Robert married Alice de Sanford,127 daughter of Gilbert de Sanford and Loretta La Zouche, by 22 feb 1252. Alice died before 9 Sep 1312.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 148 F    i. Joan de Vere 128 129 was born about 1258 in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, died on 23 Nov 1293 about age 35, and was buried in Lewes, Surrey, England.

134. Humphrey VI de Bohun 112 113 (Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died about 4 Aug 1265 in Battle of Evesham, Evesham, Worcestershire, England.

Death Notes: Predeceased his father. Ancestral Roots Line 68-29 and 97-29 give d.v.p. 27 Aug. 1267. Wikipedia has 1265.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-29 has d.v.p. 27 Oct. 1265
-----------
From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.136:

"In the wake of the dismemberment of the de Breos empire [after the hanging of William de Breos in 1230], the Bohun and Cantelupe families joined the ranks of the leading Marcher Lords..."

Humphrey married Eleanor de Braose,130 daughter of William de Braose, , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny and Eve Marshal, after Aug 1241 in Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales. Eleanor was born about 1228 in Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales, died in 1251 about age 23, and was buried in Llanthony Priory, Monmouthshire, Wales.

Research Notes: First wife of Humphrey (VI) de Bohun. Co-heiress of William de Braose.

From Wikipedia - Eleanor de Braose :

Eleanor de Braose (c.1228- 1251) was a Cambro-Norman noblewoman and a wealthy co-heiress of her father, who was the powerful Marcher lord William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny , and her mother, Eva Marshal , a granddaughter of Strongbow . Her husband was Humphrey de Bohun, by whom she had three children, including Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford .

Family
Eleanor was born in Brecknock , Breconshire , Wales in about 1228, the youngest daughter and co-heiress of the powerful Marcher lord William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny, and Eva Marshal, both of whom owned considerable lordships and domains in the Welsh Marches and Ireland. She had three older sisters, Isabella de Braose , Maud de Braose, Baroness Wigmore , and Eve de Braose, wife of William de Cantelou. A manuscript which narrates the descent of the founders of Llanthony Abbey names Isabella, Matildis, Eve et Alianore as the four daughters of Willielmis de Brews quartus and his wife Evam filiam domini Willielmis Mareschalli.[1] The document clearly shows that Eleanor was the youngest of the four girls.

Her paternal grandparents were Reginald de Braose, 9th Baron Abergavenny and Grecia de Briwere. Her maternal grandparents were William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke , daughter of Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster .
When Eleanor was about two years old her father, known to the Welsh as Gwilym Ddu (Black William), was hanged by the orders of Llewelyn the Great , Prince of Wales for alleged adultery with the latter's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales . Following the execution, her mother held de Braose lands and castles in her own right.

Marriage and children
On an unknown date after August 1241, at Brecknock, Breconshire, Eleanor married as his first wife,[2] Humphrey de Bohun, the son of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford and Maud de Lusignan. The marriage took place after the death of Humphrey's mother, Maud.
Together Humphrey and Eleanor had three children:
Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford (c.1249- 31 December 1298), married Maud de Fiennes, daughter of Ingelram de Fiennes and Isabel de Conde, by whom he had issue, including Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford .

Gilbert de Bohun, married Margaret whose surname is not known and by whom he had issue. His brother granted him all of Eleanor's lands in Ireland.[3]

Alianore de Bohun (died 20 February 1314, buried Walden Abbey), on 26 June 1269 married Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby , by whom she had two children.

Eleanor died in 1251 and was buried at Llanthony Priory . A manuscript names Elinor of Brewis, Ladi and heire of the land of Bricon among those buried at the priory of Llanthony.[4] Her husband married secondly Joan de Quincy, by whom he had a son, John de Bohun of Haresfield. He died on 37 October 1265.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 149 M    i. Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex 131 132 was born about 1249 and died on 31 Dec 1298 in Pleshey Castle, Essex, England about age 49.

+ 150 F    ii. Alianore de Bohun 117 died on 20 Feb 1314.

135. Alice de Bohun 95 (Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

136. Maud de Bohun 95 (Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

137. Ralph de Toeni 37 (Ralph de Toeni122, Roger de Toeni111, Ralph de Toeni, de Conches106, Roger de Toeni, de Conches100, Alice Huntingdon93, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1255 in England and died before 29 Jul 1295 in France.

Ralph married Mary.133 Another name for Mary was Clarissa.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 151 F    i. Alice de Toeni 37 was born in 1284 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died on 1 Jan 1324 at age 40.

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138. Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton 116 (Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 21 Dec 1276 and died After Jun 1340 By Dec 1350. Another name for Hawise was Hawyse de Muscegros of Charlton.

Hawise married Sir John de Ferrers, of Southoe and Keyston,118 son of Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby and Alianore de Bohun, Betw 2 Feb 1298 and 13 Sep 1300. John was born on 30 Jun 1271 in Cardiff and died in Aug 1312 in Gascony at age 41.

Noted events in his life were:

• 1st Lord Ferrers: of Chartley, Staffordshire.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 152 F    i. Eleanor de Ferrers .134

139. Sir John de Ferrers, of Southoe and Keyston 118 (Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby124, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 30 Jun 1271 in Cardiff and died in Aug 1312 in Gascony at age 41.

Noted events in his life were:

• 1st Lord Ferrers: of Chartley, Staffordshire.

John married Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton,116 daughter of Sir Robert de Muscegros, of Charlton, Somerset and Agnes de Ferrers, between 2 Feb 1298 and 13 Sep 1300. Hawise was born on 21 Dec 1276 and died After Jun 1340 By Dec 1350. Another name for Hawise was Hawyse de Muscegros of Charlton.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 138)

140. Maurice de Berkeley 79 (Joan de Ferrers125, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in Apr 1271 in <Berkeley Castle, > near Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, died on 31 May 1326 in Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Berkshire (Oxfordshire), England at age 55, and was buried in St. Augustine's, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England. Another name for Maurice was Maurice "the Magnanimous" de Berkeley.

Birth Notes: May have been April 1281.

Maurice married Eve La Zouche,20 daughter of Eudo La Zouche and Millicent de Cantelou, in 1289 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. Eve was born about 1281 in <Harringworth, Northamptonshire>, England, died on 5 Dec 1314 about age 33, and was buried in Church, Portbury, Somersetshire, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 153 F    i. Isabel Berkeley 79 was born about 1307 in <Berkeley Castle, > near Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England and died on 25 Jul 1362 in Hartley Castle, Kirkeby Stephen, Westmoreland, England about age 55.

141. Alice Comyn 120 (Alexander Comyn128, Elizabeth de Quincey113, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1289 in Aberdeenshire, Scotland and died on 3 Jul 1349 at age 60.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Alice Comyn :

Alice Comyn, Lady Beaumont, Countess of Buchan (1289- 3 Jul 1349), was a Norman-Scottish noblewoman, being a member of the powerful Comyn family that supported the Balliols , who were claimants to the disputed Scottish throne against their rivals, the Bruces . She was the niece of John Comyn, Earl of Buchan to whom she was also heiress. The Earldom of Buchan, however, was later claimed by Alice's husband Henry de Beaumont , Earl of Buchan by right of his wife.

Alice was the maternal grandmother of Blanche of Lancaster , and thus great-grandmother of King Henry IV of England .

It was her husband's continued struggle to claim her inherited title of Buchan which was one of the causes of the Second War of Scottish Independence .

Family
Alice was born in Aberdeenshire , Scotland in 1289, the eldest daughter of Alexander Comyn, Sheriff of Aberdeen and Joan le Latimer. She had a younger sister, Margaret who would later marry firstly Sir John Ross; and secondly, Sir William Lindsay, Lord of Symertoun.[1]
Alice's paternal grandparents were Alexander Comyn , 2nd Earl of Buchan, Justiciar and Constable of Scotland, and Elizabeth de Quincy . Alice's maternal grandparents were William le Latimer and Alicia Ledet. Alice's uncle was John Comyn, Earl of Buchan, one of the most powerful nobles in Scotland. The earl, who died in December 1308, was married to Isabella MacDuff , but the marriage was childless. Alice was John Comyn's heiress to the title of Countess of Buchan, although the earldom had been forfeited to the crown prior to her uncle's death in England to where he had gone as a fugitive.

Marriage and children
Shortly before 14 July 1310, Alice married Henry de Beaumont, Lord Beaumont, the son of Louis de Brienne, Viscount de Beaumont and Agnes, Viscountess de Beaumont. Upon her marriage she was styled as Lady Beaumont. Henry was a key figure in the Anglo-Scottish wars of the 13th and 14th centuries. (See main article: Wars of Scottish Independence ) As a consequence of her marriage to Henry, Alice had become, in Scottish eyes, irretrievably English, therefore the Scots recognised her sister Margaret's right to the Earldom of Buchan rather than her own. [2]

The marriage produced ten children:[3]
Katherine de Beaumont (died 11 November 1368), married David III Strathbogie , Earl of Atholl , by whom she had issue.
Elizabeth de Beaumont (died 27 October 1400), married Nicholas Audley, 3rd Baron Audley . Died without issue.
Richard de Beaumont
John de Beaumont (died young)
Thomas de Beaumont
Alice de Beaumont
Joan de Beaumont, married Sir Fulk FitzWarin, 3rd Lord FitzWarin
Beatrice de Beaumont, married Charles I, Count of Dammartin
John de Beaumont, 2nd Lord Beaumont (1318- 14 April 1342), on 6 November 1330 married as her first husband, Eleanor of Lancaster , by whom he had issue. He was killed in a tournament .
Isabel de Beaumont (c.1320- 1361), married in 1337 Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster , by whom she had two daughters, Maud, Countess of Leicester and Blanche of Lancaster .

In April 1313, Isabella MacDuff, the widow of Alice's uncle John Comyn, was placed into the custody of the Beaumonts, following her release from her harsh imprisonment. She had been confined in a cage for four years in Berwick , England by the orders of King Edward I after she crowned Robert the Bruce king of Scotland at Scone in March 1306. In 1310, she was sent to a convent, and three years later was ordered to one of the Beaumont manors where she died on an unknown date.

In 1314, Henry de Beaumont fought at the Battle of Bannockburn on the side of the English.
Sometime between 1317 and 1321, Alice succeeded to the English estates of her younger sister, Margaret. On 22 January 1334, Alice's husband Henry was summoned to Parliament as the Earl of Buchan. He was recognised as earl from that until 16 November 1339. On 10 February 1334, he sat in the Scottish Parliament bearing the same title. It was Henry's relentless pursuit of the earldom of Buchan which was one of the factors that lead to the Second War of Scottish Independence between the Comyns and their ancient rivals, the Bruces .

Alice died on 3 July 1349 at the age of sixty. Her husband Henry had died in 1340 in the Low Countries where he had gone with King Edward III of England . With the death of Alice, the earldom of Buchan forever passed out of the Comyn family.

Alice's numerous descendants included, Kings Henry IV of England and Henry V of England , Philippa of Lancaster , Queen of Portugal, Anne Boleyn , and Humphrey Kynaston , the English highwayman .

Alice married Henry Beaumont, 4th Earl of Buchan, son of Louis de Brienne, Viscount of Beaumont and Agnes, before 14 Jul 1310. Henry was born about 1288 and died in 1340 about age 52.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Eleanor of Lancaster


Children from this marriage were:

+ 154 M    i. John de Beaumont, Earl of Buchan, 2nd Lord Beaumont 135 136 was born in 1318 and died on 14 Apr 1342 at age 24.

+ 155 F    ii. Isabel de Beaumont 120 was born about 1320 and died in 1361 about age 41.

142. Margaret Comyn 120 (Alexander Comyn128, Elizabeth de Quincey113, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

143. Eve La Zouche 20 (Eudo La Zouche129, Helen de Quincy, of Brackley114, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1281 in <Harringworth, Northamptonshire>, England, died on 5 Dec 1314 about age 33, and was buried in Church, Portbury, Somersetshire, England.

Eve married Maurice de Berkeley,79 son of Thomas de Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley and Joan de Ferrers, in 1289 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. Maurice was born in Apr 1271 in <Berkeley Castle, > near Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, died on 31 May 1326 in Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Berkshire (Oxfordshire), England at age 55, and was buried in St. Augustine's, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England. Another name for Maurice was Maurice "the Magnanimous" de Berkeley.

Birth Notes: May have been April 1281.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 140)

144. Eupheme FitzRoger Clavering 53 (Margery La Zouche130, Helen de Quincy, of Brackley114, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1267 in <Warkworth, Northumberland>, England, was christened in Clavering, Essex, England, died in 1329 in Warkworth, Northumberland, England about age 62, and was buried in Staindrop, Durham, England.

Eupheme married Randolf de Neville,84 son of Robert de Neville and Mary FitzRandolph, about 1282 in Warkworth, Northumberland, England. Randolf was born on 18 Oct 1262 in <Raby>, Durham, England and died on 18 Apr 1332 at age 69.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 156 M    i. Ralph Neville 84 was born about 1290 in <Raby>, Durham, England, died on 5 Aug 1367 in Durham, England about age 77, and was buried in Cathedral Church, Durham, Durham, England.

145. Mary FitzRandolph 84 (Anastasia Percy131, William de Percy, 6th Baron Percy115, Isabel Brus108, Adam Brus102, Adam Brus95, Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale90, Adam Brus86, Robert de Brusse81, Ragnvald Brusesson75, Brusi Sigurdsson69, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1244 in <Middleham>, Yorkshire, England, died on 11 Apr 1320 in Coverham, Yorkshire, England about age 76, and was buried in Coverham Abbey, Coverham, Yorkshire, England.

Mary married Robert de Neville,84 son of Robert Neville and Unknown, about 1260 in Middleham, Yorkshire, England. Robert was born about 1240 in Raby, Durham, England and died in 1271 about age 31.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 157 M    i. Randolf de Neville 84 was born on 18 Oct 1262 in <Raby>, Durham, England and died on 18 Apr 1332 at age 69.

146. Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln 124 125 126 (Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 25 Jan 1223 and died before 10 Mar 1289.

Research Notes: Eldest daughter of John de Lacy. "The most litigious woman of the 13th century."

From Wikipedia - Maud de Lacy :
Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln, Countess of Hertford and Gloucester (25 January 1223- 1287/10 March 1289), was an English noblewoman, being the eldest child of John de Lacy, 1st Earl of Lincoln , and the wife of Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford , 2nd Earl of Gloucester. Her son was Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford , 3rd Earl of Gloucester, a powerful noble during the reigns of kings Henry III of England and Edward I .


Family
Maud was born on 25 January 1223 in Lincoln , Lincolnshire , England, the eldest child of John de Lacy, 1st Earl of Lincoln, a Magna Carta Surety, and Margaret de Quincy (1206- 30 March 1266). Maud had a younger brother Edmund de Lacy, 2nd Earl of Lincoln who married in 1247 Alasia of Saluzzo, by whom he had three children.

Maud was styled as the Countess of Lincoln, however, she never held that title suo jure .

Her paternal grandparents were Roger de Lacy and Maud de Clare. Her maternal grandparents were Robert de Quincy and Hawise of Chester, Countess of Lincoln.[1]

Maud and her mother, Margaret were never close; in point of fact, relations between the two women were described as strained. Throughout Maud's marriage, the only interactions between Maud and her mother were on a financial level, pertaining to the substantial Marshal family property Margaret owned and controlled due to the latter's second marriage on 6 January 1242 to Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke (1196- 24 November 1245) almost two years after the death of Maud's father, John de Lacy in 1240.[2] Margaret married her third husband, Richard of Wiltshire before 7 June 1252.


Marriage and children
On 25 January 1238 which was her fifteenth birthday, Maud married Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, and 2nd Earl of Gloucester, son of Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford , 1st Earl of Gloucester, and Isabel Marshal . Maud was his second wife; his first marriage, which was made clandestinely, to Megotta de Burgh had been annulled. Maud's parents paid King Henry III the enormous sum of 5,000 pounds to obtain his agreement to the marriage. The King supplied her dowry which consisted of the castle of Usk , the manor of Clere, as well as other lands and manors.[2]

Together Richard and Maud had seven children:[3]
Isabel de Clare (1240- 1271), married as his second wife, William VII of Montferrat , by whom she had one daughter, Margherita.
Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford , 3rd Earl of Gloucester (2 September 1243- 7 December 1295), married firstly Alice de Lusignan of Angouleme by whom he had two daughters; he married secondly Joan of Acre , by whom he had issue.
Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond (1245- 29 August 1287), married as her first husband Juliana FitzGerald , daughter of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly and Maud de Prendergast, by whom he had issue including Richard de Clare, 1st Lord Clare and Margaret de Clare, Lady Badlesmere .
Bovo de Clare, Chancellor of Llandaff (21 July 1248- 1294)
Margaret de Clare (1250- 1312/1313), married Edmund, 2nd Earl of Cornwall . Their marriage was childless.
Rohese de Clare (17 October 1252- after 1316), married Roger de Mowbray, 1st Baron Mowbray , by whom she had issue.
Eglantine de Clare (1257-1257)


Death of Richard de Clare
On 15 July 1262, her husband died near Canterbury . Maud designed and commissioned a magnificent tomb for him at Tewkesbury Abbey where he was buried. She also donated the manor of Sydinghowe to the priory of Legh, Devonshire for the soul of Richard, formerly her husband, earl of Gloucester and Hertford by charter dated to 1280.[3] Their eldest son Gilbert succeeded Richard as the 7th Earl of Hertford and 3rd Earl of Gloucester. Maud carefully arranged the marriages of her daughters; however, the King owned her sons' marriage rights.[2] She was involved in numerous lawsuits and litigations with her tenants and neighbours, as a result she was known as the most litigious woman in the 13th century.[2]

Maud herself died sometime between 1287 and 10 March 1289. Her numerous descendants included Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard , both Queens consort of Henry VIII ; and the Dukes of Norfolk .

***********
From Magna Charta Barons, p. 103:
"Maud, wife of Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester. John, Earl of Lincoln, was promised the marriage of his eldest daughter to Richard de Clare, in the event of the king not marrying him to a daughter of the Earl of March, and for this grant he engaged to pay five thousand marks. This agreement, having been made without the consent of the Barons, excited considerable dissatisfaction, especially in the elder de Clare."

Maud married Sir Richard de Clare, 8th Earl of Clare,137 138 139 son of Sir Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester and Isabel Marshal, on 25 Jan 1238. Richard was born on 4 Aug 1222, died on 15 Jul 1262 in Asbenfield, Waltham near Canterbury, England at age 39, and was buried in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.

Marriage Notes: http://www.smokykin.com/ged/f002/f48/a0024834.htm has m. 2 Feb 1238

Research Notes: From Magna Charta Barons, pp. 83-84:
Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford and Gloucester [was] in his minority at the death of his father, and his wardship was granted to the celebrated Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent, Justiciary of England, whose daughter Margaret, to the great displeasure of King Henry III., he afterwards clandestinely married, but from whom he was probably divorced, as the king married him the next year to Maud, daughter of John de Lacie, Earl of Lincoln, in consideration whereof the Earl of Lincoln paid to the crown five thousand marks and remitted a debt of two thousand more. This Richard de Clare was a very distinguished personage in the reign of Henry III., and was one of the noblemen present in Westminster Hall, 40 Henry III., when Boniface, Archbishop of Canterbury, pronounced a solemn curse from the altar against all those who should thenceforth violate the Magna Charta.

-----------

From Wikipedia - Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford :

Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford (August 4 , 1222 - July 15 , 1262 ) was son of Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford and Isabel Marshall , daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, the 17-year-old daughter of Strongbow .

A year after he became of age, he was in an expedition against the Welsh . Through his mother he inherited a fifth part of the Marshall estates, including Kilkenny and other lordships in Ireland . In 1232 Richard was secretly married to Margaret (Megotta) de Burgh, daughter of Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent and Margaret of Scotland . Both bride and groom were aged about ten. Megotta died in November 1237. Before she had even died, the earl of Lincoln offered 5,000 marks to King Henry to secure Richard for his own daughter. This offer was accepted, and Richard was married secondly, on or before 25 January 1238, to Maud de Lacy , daughter of the Surety John de Lacy and Margaret Quincy .

He joined in the Barons' letter to the Pope in 1246 against the exactions of the Curia in England. He was among those in opposition to the King's half-brothers, who in 1247 visited England , where they were very unpopular, but afterwards he was reconciled to them.

On April 1248, he had letters of protection for going over seas on a pilgrimage . At Christmas 1248, he kept his Court with great splendor on the Welsh border. In the next year he went on a pilgrimage to St. Edmund at Pontigny , returning in June. In 1252 he observed Easter at Tewkesbury , and then went across the seas to restore the honor of his brother William, who had been badly worsted in a tournament and had lost all his arms and horses. The Earl is said to have succeeded in recovering all, and to have returned home with great credit, and in September he was present at the Round Table tournament at Walden.

In August 1252/3 the King crossed over to Gascony with his army, and to his great indignation the Earl refused to accompany him and went to Ireland instead. In August 1255 he and John Maunsel were sent to Edinburgh by the King to find out the truth regarding reports which had reached the King that his son-in-law, Alexander , King of Scotland , was being coerced by Robert de Roos and John Baliol . If possible, they were to bring the young King and Queen to him. The Earl and his companion, pretending to be the two of Roos's knights, obtained entry to Edinburgh Castle , and gradually introduced their attendants, so that they had a force sufficient for their defense. They gained access to the Scottish Queen, who made her complaints to them that she and her husband had been kept apart. They threatened Roos with dire punishments, so that he promised to go to the King.

Meanwhile the Scottish magnates, indignant at their castle of Edinburgh's being in English hands, proposed to besiege it, but they desisted when they found they would be besieging their King and Queen. The King of Scotland apparently traveled South with the Earl, for on 24 September they were with King Henry III at Newminster, Northumberland . In July 1258 he fell ill, being poisoned with his brother William, as it was supposed, by his steward, Walter de Scotenay. He recovered but his brother died.

Richard died at John de Griol's manor of Asbenfield in Waltham, near Canterbury , 15 July 1262 , it being rumored that he had been poisoned at the table of Piers of Savoy . On the following Monday he was carried to Canterbury where a mass for the dead was sung, after which his body was taken to the canon's church at Tonbridge and interred in the choir. Thence it was taken to Tewkesbury Abbey and buried 28 July 1262, with great solemnity in the presence of two bishops and eight abbots in the presbytery at his father's right hand. Richard's own arms were: Or, three chevronels gules.

Noted events in his life were:

• 6th Earl of Hertford:

• 2nd Earl of Gloucester:

Children from this marriage were:

+ 158 M    i. Sir Gilbert de Clare, 9th Earl of Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford 79 140 141 was born on 2 Sep 1243 in Christchurch, Hampshire (Dorset), England, died on 7 Dec 1295 in Monmouth Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales at age 52, and was buried on 22 Dec 1295 in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.

+ 159 M    ii. Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal 142 143 was born about 1245 and died on 29 Aug 1287 about age 42.

147. Edmund de Lacy, 2nd Earl of Lincoln (Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died in 1257. Another name for Edmund was Edmund de Lacie 2nd Earl of Lincoln.

Research Notes: Commonly called the "second Earl of Lincoln," although he died before his mother and therefore did not actually inherit the title.

From Magna Charta Barons, pp. 102-103:
Edmund de Lacie, second Earl of Lincoln, d. 1257. He is called the second Earl, although the title was never attributed to him in any charter, by reason that he died before his mother, through whom the dignity came. Dugdale states that he married, in 1247, 'an outlandish lady from the parts of Savoy, brought over purposely for him by Peter de Savoy, uncle to the queen, which occasioned much discontent amongst the nobles of England.' This lady was Alice, daughter of the Marquess of Saluces, in Italy, and a cousin of the queen."

148. Joan de Vere 128 129 (Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1258 in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, died on 23 Nov 1293 about age 35, and was buried in Lewes, Surrey, England. Another name for Joan was Joan De Vere.

Joan married Sir William de Warenne, Earl of Surrey,144 145 son of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey and Alice de Lusignan, about 1285. William was born in Feb 1256 in Surrey, England and died on 15 Dec 1286 in Croyden, Middlesex, England at age 30.

Marriage Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 83-29 has m. abt. 1285

Death Notes: Killed in a tournament

Research Notes: From http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593871749:
"William was the hier to the Earldom of Surrey, but died before his father; having been killed in a tournament at Croyden 'ambushed and cruelly slain by his rivals'. William was knighted at Winchester in 1285."

Noted events in his life were:

• Sub-granted for life: Bromfield and Yale, castle of Dinas Bran, 1284. by his father, John de Warenne. Castle Leonis (Holt Castle) was undoubtedly still under construction at that time.

• Knighted: 1285, Winchester Castle, Winchester, (Hampshire), England.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 160 F    i. Alice de Warenne 146 died before 23 May 1338.

+ 161 M    ii. John de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey 147 148 was born about 30 Jun 1286 and died on 29 Jun 1347 about age 60.

+ 162 F    iii. Angharad de Warenne, of Warren Hall, Salop 149 150 was born about 1294.

149. Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex 131 132 (Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1249 and died on 31 Dec 1298 in Pleshey Castle, Essex, England about age 49.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-30 has b. abt 1249, d. Pleshey, 31 Dec. 1298, 3rd Earl of Hereford and Essex, Constable of England.
-------------
From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford:

"Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and 2nd Earl of Essex (1249 - December 31 , 1297 ) was one of several noblemen of the same name to have held the earldom of Hereford, and a key figure in the Norman conquest of Wales .

"He was the son of Humphrey de Bohun, by Eleanor de Braose, a daughter of William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny and Eve Marshall. His mother died in 1251 ; his father died in 1265 of wounds sustained at the Battle of Evesham . He succeeded his grandfather, Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford , in 1275 as Earl of Hereford and Essex and Lord High Constable .

"Humphrey de Bohun took part in Roger Mortimer 's war against the Welsh, and was present at the defeat at Cefnllys in November, 1262 , by Llywelyn ap Gruffydd . Around 1264 , he was made Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports .

"He also participated in the campaigns against the Gaules and Scots. He refused to pay tribute to Edward I of England and convened an army at Worcester on 24 Jun 1277. In the campaign he commanded the nobles of Marhces and recovered the land of Brecon. He was later imprisoned but freed by a ransom of 10,000 marcs.

"In 1294, Humprhey fought (again) against Edward at Gallois along with Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk and other barons. Ultimately, Humphrey regained the royal favor in Scotland on the side of Edward I, and won the victory at Falkirk on 22 July 1298. He died in Pleshley Castle, Essex on 31 December 1298 or 1 Jan 1299 and was buried with his wife at Walden Abbey in Essex, founded by Geoffrey de Mandeville "
-------------
From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.150:

"From 1272 onwards, Bohun and Mortimer redoubled their efforts to repossess the Marcher Lordships granted to Llywelyn under the Treaty of Montgomery. In 1274, there was a dramatic addition to the ranks of the prince's enemies when his brother, Dafydd, and his chief vassal, Gruffudd ap Gwenwynwyn, fled to England, leaving behind them evidence of a plot to kill him."

Noted events in his life were:

• Constable of England:

Humphrey married Maud de Fiennes,132 151 daughter of Ingelram II de Fiennes and Isabel de Conde, on 17 Jul 1275. Maud was born between 1236 and 1259 and died before 31 Dec 1298. Another name for Maud was Mahaud de Fiennes.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 158C-29.

Also Wikipedia (Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford)


The child from this marriage was:

+ 163 M    i. Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex 152 153 was born about 1276 in Pleshey Castle, Essex, England and died on 16 Mar 1322 in Boroughbridge, Yorkshire, England about age 46.

150. Alianore de Bohun 117 (Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died on 20 Feb 1314.

Research Notes: Second wife of Robert de Ferrers.

Alianore married Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby,99 son of Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby and Margaret de Quincy, on 26 Jun 1269. Robert was born in 1239 and died in 1279 at age 40.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 124)

151. Alice de Toeni 37 (Ralph de Toeni137, Ralph de Toeni122, Roger de Toeni111, Ralph de Toeni, de Conches106, Roger de Toeni, de Conches100, Alice Huntingdon93, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1284 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died on 1 Jan 1324 at age 40.

Alice married Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick,37 154 155 son of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick and Maud FitzGeoffrey, on 10 Aug 1315 in Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England. Guy was born in 1272 in <Elmley Castle, Elmley>, Worcestershire, England, died on 12 Aug 1315 in Warwick, Warwickshire, England at age 43, and was buried in Bordesley Abbey, Worcestershire, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 164 M    i. Thomas de Beauchamp 37 was born on 14 Feb 1314 in <Warwick Castle, Warwickshire>, England, died on 13 Nov 1369 in Calais, Pas-de-Calais, France at age 55, and was buried in Saint Mary's, Warwick, Warwickshire, England.

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152. Eleanor de Ferrers 134 (Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

Eleanor married Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom and Knowsley, Lancastershire,156 son of Sir Robert de Lathom, of Lathom and Katherine, before 21 May 1329. Thomas was born in 1300 and died on 17 Sep 1370 at age 70.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 165 M    i. Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire 134 157 died before 20 Mar 1382.

153. Isabel Berkeley 79 (Maurice de Berkeley140, Joan de Ferrers125, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1307 in <Berkeley Castle, > near Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England and died on 25 Jul 1362 in Hartley Castle, Kirkeby Stephen, Westmoreland, England about age 55.

Isabel married Robert II de Clifford,158 son of Robert I de Clifford and Unknown,. Robert was born on 5 Nov 1305 in Clifford Castle, Clifford, Hereford, England and died on 20 May 1344 in Shap Abbey, Shap, Westmoreland, England at age 38.

Research Notes: 4th Baron de Clifford.

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I78532

Robert de Clifford, b. 1305, d. 20 May, 1344. He m. 1328, Isabel, dau. of Maurice, Lord Berke ley, and had issue four sons, Robert, Roger, John, and Thomas. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, A beyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 122, Cliffor d, Earls of Cumberland and Barons Clifford]

Robert m. Eufamia, dau. of Radolphus, Lord Nevill, of Meddleham, and d. s. p. [Sir Bernard Bu rke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883 , p. 122, Clifford, Earls of Cumberland and Barons Clifford]

Also Wikipedia "Baron de Clifford"


The child from this marriage was:

+ 166 M    i. Baron Roger de Clifford, Lord of Appleby and Cumberland 79 159 was born on 10 Jul 1333 in <Cumberland>, England, died on 13 Jul 1390 in Brough Castle, Under Stainmoor Brough, Westmorland, England at age 57, and was buried in Shap Abbey, Westmorland, England.

154. John de Beaumont, Earl of Buchan, 2nd Lord Beaumont 135 136 (Alice Comyn141, Alexander Comyn128, Elizabeth de Quincey113, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1318 and died on 14 Apr 1342 at age 24.

Research Notes: First husband of Eleanor of Lancaster.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 17-30 (Eleanor of Lancaster). Has d. bet 24 Feb 1342 and 25 May 1342.

Source: Wikipedia - Eleanor of Lancaster has d. in a tournament on 14 Apr 1342.

John married Eleanor, of Lancaster,160 161 daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester and Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester, on 6 Nov 1330.120 Eleanor was born about 1318 in England, died on 11 Jan 1372 in Arundel Castle, West Sussex, England about age 54, and was buried in Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England. Another name for Eleanor was Eleanor Plantagenet.

Research Notes: Second wife of Richard (FitzAlan) d'Arundel.

From Wikipedia - Eleanor of Lancaster :

Eleanor of Lancaster (sometimes called Eleanor Plantagenet 1) (about 1315 - 11 January 1372 ) was born as the fifth daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster (c. 1281-1345) and his wife Maud Chaworth (1282-1322).


First marriage and offspring
Sometime between September 1 and November 6 , 1330 , she married John de Beaumont, 2nd Lord Beaumont , son of Henry Beaumont, 4th Earl of Buchan (c. 1288 - 1340) and his wife Alice Comyn (c. 1291-1349). They had two children:
Henry Beaumont, 3rd Lord Beaumont , born 1340
Matilda Beaumont (died July 1467), married Hugh de Courtenay
Eleanor was a lady-in-waiting to Queen Philippa , and was in service to her in Ghent when her son Henry was born. John de Beaumont died in a tournament on 14 April 1342 .

Second marriage
On 5 February 1344 at Ditton Church , Stoke Poges , Buckinghamshire , she married Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel (9th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots), 4th Earl of Surrey, known by the soubriquet of "Copped Hat", Justiciar of North Wales, Governor of Carnarvon Castle, Admiral of the West.2

His previous marriage, to Isabel le Despenser , had taken place when they were children. It was annulled by Papal mandate as she, since her father's attainder and execution, had ceased to be of any importance to him. Pope Clement VI obligingly annulled the marriage, bastardized the issue, and provided a dispensation for his second marriage to the woman with whom he had been living in adultery (the dispensation, dated 4 March 1344 /1345 , was required because his first and second wives were first cousins).
The children of Eleanor's second marriage were:
Richard (1346-1397), who succeeded as Earl of Arundel
John Fitzalan (bef 1349-1379)
Thomas Arundel , Archbishop of York (c. 1345-February 19 , 1413 )
Joan Fitzalan (bef. 1351-April 17 , 1419 ), married Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford
Alice Fitzalan (1352 -March 17 , 1416 ), married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent (Thomas Holand)

Eleanor died at Arundel and was buried at Lewes Priory in Lewes , Sussex , England. Her husband was buried beside her; in his will Richard requests to be buried "near to the tomb of Eleanor de Lancaster, my wife; and I desire that my tomb be no higher than hers, that no men at arms, horses, hearse, or other pomp, be used at my funeral, but only five torches...as was about the corpse of my wife, be allowed."

Sources
Fowler, Kenneth. The King's Lieutenant, 1969
Nicolas, Nicholas Harris. Testamenta Vetusta, 1826.
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 17-30, 21-30, 28-33, 97-33, 114-31

Notes
1The surname "Plantagenet" has been retrospectively applied to the descendants of Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou and Empress Matilda without historical justification: it is simply a convenient, if deceptive, method of referring to people who had, in fact, no surname. The first descendant of Geoffrey to use the surname was Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (father of both Edward IV of England and Richard III of England ) who apparently assumed it about 1448.
2also called Richard de Arundel.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 167 M    i. Henry Beaumont, 3rd Lord Beaumont was born in 1340.

+ 168 F    ii. Matilda Beaumont died in Jul 1467.

155. Isabel de Beaumont 120 (Alice Comyn141, Alexander Comyn128, Elizabeth de Quincey113, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1320 and died in 1361 about age 41.

Research Notes: 10th child of Henry Beaumont and Alice Comyn.

Isabel married Henry of, Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster,162 son of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester and Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester, in 1337.120 Henry was born about 1310 and died on 23 Mar 1361 about age 51. Another name for Henry was Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke of Lancaster.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Alice Comyn :

Isabel de Beaumont (c.1320- 1361), married in 1337 Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster , by whom she had two daughters, Maud, Countess of Leicester and Blanche of Lancaster .
-----
From Wikipedia - Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster :

Henry of Grosmont, Duke of Lancaster[a] (c.1310 - 23 March 1361), also Earl of Derby and Leicester, was a member of the English nobility in the 14th century, and a prominent English diplomat , politician , and soldier . The son and heir of Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud Chaworth , he became one of Edward III 's most trusted Captains in the early phases of the Hundred Years' War , and distinguished himself with victory in the Battle of Auberoche . He was a founding member of the Order of the Garter , and in 1351 was promoted to the title of duke. Grosmont was also the author of the book Livre de seyntz medicines; a highly personal devotional treatise. He is remembered as one of the founders and early patrons of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge , which was established by two of the guilds of the town in 1352.

Family background and early life
Grosmont's uncle, Thomas of Lancaster , was the son and heir of Edward I 's brother Edmund Crouchback . Through his inheritance and a fortunate marriage, Thomas became the wealthiest peer in England, but constant quarrels with King Edward II led to his execution in 1322.[1] Having no heir, Thomas's possessions and titles went to his younger brother Henry - Grosmont's father. Earl Henry of Lancaster assented to the deposition of Edward II in 1327, but did not long stay in favour with the regency of Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer . When Edward III took personal control of the government in 1330, relations with the Crown got better, but by this time the older Henry was already struggling with poor health and blindness.[2]

Little is known of Grosmont's early years, but it seems clear that he was born at the castle of Grosmont in Monmouthshire , and that he was born c.1310, not around the turn of the century as previously held.[3] According to his own memoirs he was better at the martial arts than at academic subjects, and did not learn to read until later in life.[4] In 1330 he was knighted, and represented his father in parliament . The next year he is recorded as participating in a Royal tournament , at Cheapside .[3]

In 1333 he took part in Edward's Scottish campaign, though it is unclear whether he was present at the great English victory at the Battle of Halidon Hill .[5] After further service in the north , he was appointed the King's lieutenant in Scotland in 1336.[3] The next year he was one of the six men Edward III promoted to the higher levels of the peerage. One of his father's lesser titles, that of Earl of Derby , was bestowed upon Grosmont.[6]


Service in France
With the outbreak of the Hundred Years' War in 1337, Grosmont's attention was turned towards France . He took part in several diplomatic missions and minor campaigns, and was present at the great English victory in the naval battle of Sluys in 1340.[7] Later the same year, he was required to commit himself as hostage in the Low Countries for the king's considerable debts. He remained hostage until the next year, and had to pay a large ransom for his own release.[8] On his return he was made the king's lieutenant in the north, and stayed at Roxburgh until 1342. The next years he spent in diplomatic negotiations in the Low Countries, Castile and Avignon .[3]

In 1345 Edward III was planning a major assault on France. A three-pronged attack would have the Earl of Northampton attacking from Brittany , the King himself from Flanders , while Grosmont was dispatched to Aquitaine to prepare a campaign in the south.[3] Moving rapidly through the country he confronted the comte d'Isle at Auberoche on 21 October , and here achieved a victory described as 'the greatest single achievement of Lancaster's entire military career'.[9] The ransom from the prisoners has been estimated at £50,000.[10] The next year, while Edward was carrying out his Crécy campaign, Grosmont laid siege to, and captured, Poitiers , before returning home to England in 1347.[3]


Duke of Lancaster
In 1345, while Grosmont was in France, his father died. The younger Henry was now Earl of Lancaster - the wealthiest and most powerful peer of the realm. After participating in the siege of Calais in 1347, the king honoured Lancaster by including him as a founding knight of the Order of the Garter in 1348.[11] A few years later, in 1351, Edward bestowed an even greater honour on Lancaster, when he created him Duke of Lancaster . The title of duke was of relatively new origin in England; only one other ducal title existed prior.[b] In addition to this, Lancaster was given palatinate status for the county of Lancashire , which entailed a separate administration independent of the crown.[12] This grant was quite exceptional in English history; only two other counties palatine existed: Durham , which was an ancient ecclesiastical palatinate, and Chester , which was crown property. It is a sign of Edward's high regard for Lancaster that he would bestow such extensive privileges on him. The two men were also second cousins, through their great-grandfather Henry III , and practically coeval (Edward was born in 1312), so it is natural to assume that a strong sense of camaraderie existed between them. Another factor that might have influenced the king's decision was the fact that Henry had no male heir, so the grant was made for the Earl's lifetime only, and not intended to be hereditary.[3]

Further prestige
Lancaster spent the 1350s intermittently campaigning and negotiating peace treaties with the French. In 1350 he was present at the naval victory at Winchelsea , where he allegedly saved the lives of the Black Prince and John of Gaunt .[13] The years 1351-2 he spent on crusade in Prussia . It was here that a quarrel with Otto, Duke of Brunswick , almost led to a duel between the two men, narrowly averted by the intervention of the French King, Jean II .[14] In the later half of the decade campaigning in France resumed. After a chevauchée in Normandy in 1356 and the siege of Rennes in 1358, Lancaster participated in the last great offensive of the first phase of the Hundred Years' War: the Rheims campaign of 1359-60. Then he was appointed principal negotiator for the treaty of Brétigny , where the English achieved very favourable terms.[3]

Returning to England in November 1360 he fell ill early the next year, and died at Leicester Castle on 23 March . It is likely that the cause of death was the plague , which that year was making a second visitation of England.[15]

Private life
Lancaster was married to Isabella, daughter of Henry, Lord Beaumont , in 1330. The two had no sons, but two daughters: Maude and Blanche . While Maude was married to the Duke of Bavaria , Blanche married Edward III's younger son, John of Gaunt . Gaunt ended up inheriting Lancaster's possessions and ducal title, but it was not until 1377, when the dying King Edward III was largely incapacitated, that he was able to restore the palatinate rights for the county of Lancaster. When Gaunt's son Henry of Bolingbroke usurped the crown in 1399 and became Henry IV, the vast Lancaster inheritance was merged with the crown as the Duchy of Lancaster .[16]

We know more of Lancaster's character than of most of his contemporaries, through his memoirs the Livre de seyntz medicines (Book of the Holy Doctors). This book is a highly personal treatise on matters of religion and piety, but it also contains details of historical interest. It is, among other things, revealed that Lancaster, at the age of 44 when he wrote the book in 1354, suffered from gout .[3] The book is primarily a devotional work though; it is organized around seven wounds which Henry claims to have, representing the seven sins. Lancaster confesses to his sins, explains various real and mythical medical remedies in terms of their theological symbolism, and exhorts the reader to greater morality.[17]


156. Ralph Neville 84 (Eupheme FitzRoger Clavering144, Margery La Zouche130, Helen de Quincy, of Brackley114, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1290 in <Raby>, Durham, England, died on 5 Aug 1367 in Durham, England about age 77, and was buried in Cathedral Church, Durham, Durham, England.

Ralph married Alice Audley,40 daughter of Hugh I de Audley and Isolde de Mortimer, on 14 Jan 1326 in Stratton Audley, Oxfordshire, England. Alice was born about 1304 in Hadley, Staffordshire, England, died on 11 Jan 1374 in Greystoke, Northumberland, England about age 70, and was buried in Durham Cathedral, Durham, Durham, England.

Marriage Notes: by Royal license

The child from this marriage was:

+ 169 M    i. John Neville 84 was born about 1328 in <Raby With Keverstone>, Durham, England and died on 17 Oct 1388 in Newcastle Upon Tyne, Northumberland, England about age 60.

157. Randolf de Neville 84 (Mary FitzRandolph145, Anastasia Percy131, William de Percy, 6th Baron Percy115, Isabel Brus108, Adam Brus102, Adam Brus95, Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale90, Adam Brus86, Robert de Brusse81, Ragnvald Brusesson75, Brusi Sigurdsson69, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 18 Oct 1262 in <Raby>, Durham, England and died on 18 Apr 1332 at age 69.

Randolf married Eupheme FitzRoger Clavering,53 daughter of Robert FitzRoger Clavering and Margery La Zouche, about 1282 in Warkworth, Northumberland, England. Eupheme was born about 1267 in <Warkworth, Northumberland>, England, was christened in Clavering, Essex, England, died in 1329 in Warkworth, Northumberland, England about age 62, and was buried in Staindrop, Durham, England.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 144)

158. Sir Gilbert de Clare, 9th Earl of Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford 79 140 141 (Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln146, Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 2 Sep 1243 in Christchurch, Hampshire (Dorset), England, died on 7 Dec 1295 in Monmouth Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales at age 52, and was buried on 22 Dec 1295 in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England. Another name for Gilbert was Gilbert "the Red" de Clare 9th Earl of Clare.

Research Notes: First husband of Joan of Acre.

From Wikipedia - Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford :

Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford and 3rd Earl of Gloucester (2 September 1243 , at Christchurch , Hampshire - 7 December 1295 ) was a powerful English noble. Also known as "Red" Gilbert de Clare, probably because of his hair colour.

Lineage
Gilbert de Clare was the son of Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, and Maud de Lacy , Countess of Lincoln , daughter of John de Lacy and Margaret de Quincy . Gilbert inherited his father's estates in 1262. He took on the titles, including Lord of Glamorgan , from 1263.

Being under age at his father's death, he was made a ward of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford .

Massacre of the Jews at Canterbury
In April 1264, Gilbert de Clare led the massacre of the Jews at Canterbury [1], as Simon de Montfort had done in Leicester .

Gilbert de Clare's castles of Kingston and Tonbridge were taken by the King, Henry III . However, the King allowed de Clare's Countess Alice de Lusignan , who was in the latter, to go free because she was his niece; but on 12 May de Clare and de Montfort were denounced as traitors.

The Battle of Lewes
Two days later, just before the Battle of Lewes , on 14 May , Simon de Montfort knighted the Earl and his brother Thomas. The Earl commanded the second line of the battle and took the King prisoner, having hamstrung his horse. As Prince Edward had also been captured, Montfort and the Earl were now supreme and de Montfort in effect de facto King of England.

Excommunication
On 20 October 1264 , de Gilbert and his associates were excommunicated by Guy Foulques , and his lands placed under an interdict .

In the following month, by which time they had obtained possession of Gloucester and Bristol , the Earl was proclaimed to be a rebel. However at this point he changed sides as he fell out with de Montfort and the Earl, in order to prevent de Montfort's escape, destroyed ships at the port of Bristol and the bridge over the River Severn at Gloucester .

Having changed sides, de Clare shared the Prince's victory at Kenilworth on 16 July , and in the Battle of Evesham , 4 August , in which de Montfort was slain, he commanded the second division and contributed largely to the victory.

On 24 June 1268 he took the Cross at Northampton in repentance and contrition for his past misdeeds.

Activities as a Marcher Lord
In October 1265, as a reward for supporting Prince Edward, Gilbert was given the castle and title of Abergavenny and honour and castle of Brecknock .

At Michaelmas his disputes with Llewelyn the Last were submitted to arbitration, but without a final settlement. Meanwhile he was building Caerphilly Castle into a fortress. At the end of the year 1268 he refused to obey the King's summons to attend parliament, alleging that, owing to the constant inroads of Llewelyn the Last , his Welsh estates needed his presence for their defence.

At the death of Henry III , 16 November 1272 , the Earl took the lead in swearing fealty to Edward I , who was then in Sicily on his return from the Crusade . The next day, with the Archbishop of York , he entered London and proclaimed peace to all, Christians and Jews , and for the first time, secured the acknowledgment of the right of the King's eldest son to succeed to the throne immediately.

Thereafter he was joint Guardian of England, during the King's absence, and on the new King's arrival in England, in August 1274, entertained him at Tonbridge Castle .

The Welsh war in 1282
During Llywelyn the Last 's Welsh rebellion in 1282, de Clare insisted on leading an attack into southern Wales. King Edward thus made de Clare the commander of the southern army invading Wales. However de Clare's army faced disaster after being heavily defeated at the Battle of Llandeilo Fawr . Following this defeat, de Clare was relieved of his position as the southern commander and was replaced by William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke (who's son had died during the battle).

Marriage and succession
Gilbert's first marriage was to Alice de Lusignan , also known as Alice de Valence, the daughter of Hugh XI of Lusignan and of the family that had now succeeded the Marshal family to the title of the Earl of Pembroke in the person of William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke. They were married in 1253, when Gilbert was ten-years-old. She was of high birth, being a niece of King Henry , but the marriage floundered.

Gilbert and Alice separated in 1267; allegedly, Alice's affections lay with her cousin, Prince Edward . Previous to this, Gilbert and Alice had produced two daughters:
Isabel de Clare (10 March 1262 -1333), married (1) Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick ; (2) Maurice de Berkeley, 2nd Baron Berkeley
Joan de Clare (1264-after 1302), married (1) Duncan Macduff, 7th Earl of Fife ; (2) Gervase Avenel
After his marriage to Alice de Lusignan was finally annulled in 1285, Gilbert was to be married to Joan of Acre , a daughter of King Edward I of England and his first wife Eleanor of Castile . King Edward sought to bind de Clare, and his assets, more closely to the Crown by this means. By the provisions of the marriage contract, their joint possessions and de Clare's extensive lands could only be inherited by a direct descendant, i.e. close to the Crown, and if the marriage proved childless the lands would pass to any children Joan may have by further marriage.

On 3 July 1290 the Earl gave a great banquet at Clerkenwell to celebrate his marriage of 30 April 1290 with Joan of Acre (1272 - 23 April 1307 ). The delay was in getting the Pope to facilitate and agree the arrangement.

Thereafter Gilbert and Joan are said to have taken the Cross and set out for the Holy Land , but in September he signed the Barons' letter to the Pope, and on 2 November surrendered to the King his claim to the advowson of the Bishopric of Llandaff .

Gilbert and Joan had one son - his successor Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester (1291-1314) who was killed at Bannockburn, and 3 daughters: Eleanor (1292-1337) who married firstly Hugh Despencer (The Younger, favourite of her uncle Edward II)-he was executed in 1326, and she married secondly William de la Zouche; Margaret (1293-1342) who married firstly Piers Gaveston (executed in 1312) and then Hugh Audeley; and the youngest Elizabeth de Clare (16 Sep 1295 -04 Nov 1360), who married John de Burgh , 30th Sept 1308, Waltham Abbey, Essex, England, then Theobald of Verdun in 1316, and finally Roger Damory in 1317. Each marriage was brief, produced one child (a son by the 1st, daughters by the 2nd and 3rd), and left her a widow.

Private Marcher War
In the next year, 1291, he quarrelled with the Earl of Hereford , Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford , grandson of his onetime guardian, about the Lordship of Brecknock , where de Bohun accused de Clare of building a castle on his land culminated in a private war between them. Although it was a given right for Marcher Lords to wage private war the King tested this right in this case, first calling them before a court of their Marcher peers, then realising the outcome would be coloured by their likely avoidance of prejudicing one of their greatest rights they were both called before the superior court, the Kings own. At this both were imprisoned by the King, both sentenced to having their lands forfeit for life and de Clare, the Earl of Gloucester , as the aggressor, was fined 10,000 marks, and the Earl of Hereford 1,000 marks.

They were released almost immediately and both of their lands completely restored to them - however they had both been taught a very public lesson and their prestige diminished and the King's authority shown for all.

Death & Burial
He died at Monmouth Castle on 7 December 1295 , and was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey , on the left side of his grandfather Gilbert de Clare .
His extensive lands were enjoyed by his surviving wife Joan of Acre until her death in 1307. Gilbert and Joan had a descendant named Ursula Hildyard of Yorkshire, who in 1596 married (Sir) Richard Jackson of Killingwoldgraves, near Beverley in the East Riding. Jackson died in 1610 and was interred at Bishop Burton. In 1613, James posthumously awarded a coat of arms and a knighthood to Richard for meretorious military service in the Lowlands of Scotland.

Noted events in his life were:

• 3rd Earl of Gloucester:

• 7th Earl of Hertford:

• Knighted: 14 May 1264.

Gilbert married Joan, of Acre,163 164 daughter of King Edward I, of England and Eleanor, of Castile, Countess of Ponthieu, about 30 Apr 1290 in Westminster Abbey, London, Midlesex, England. Joan was born in 1272 in Acre, Syria and died on 23 Apr 1307 at age 35. Another name for Joan was Joanna of Acre.

Research Notes: Second wife of Sir Gilbert de Clare.

From Wikipedia - Joan of Acre :
Joan of Acre (April 1272 - April 23 , 1307 ) was the daughter of King Edward I of England and Queen Eleanor . She is most notable for her marriage to Ralph de Monthermer and the claim that miracles have allegedly taken place at her grave. She is also notable for the multiple references of her in literature.

Birth and Childhood
Joan, or Joanna, of Acre as she is sometimes referred to, was born in the spring of 1272 in Syria, while her parents, King Edward I and Queen Eleanor of Castille, were on the crusade .[2] She was the only English princess to be born outside of her native land, in the city of Acre, where her name derives from.[3] Her parents departed from Acre shortly after her birth, traveling to Sicily and Spain[4] before leaving Joan with her grandmother in Ponthieu, France.[5] Joan lived for several years in France where she spent her time being educated by a bishop and "being thoroughly spoiled by an indulgent grandmother."[6] Joan was free to play among the "vine clad hills and sunny vales"[7] surrounding her grandmother's home, although she required "judicious surveillance."[8]

As Joan was growing up with her grandmother, her father was back in England, already arranging marriages for his daughter. He wanted to gain both political power and more wealth with his daughter, so he conducted the arrangement in a very "business like style".[9] He finally found a man suitable to marry Joan (aged 5 at the time), Hartman, son of King Rudoph I, of Germany. Edward then brought her home from France for the first time to meet him.[10] As she had spent her entire life away from Edward and Eleanor, when she returned she "stood in no awe of her parents"[11] and had a fairly distanced relationship with them.

Unfortunately for King Edward, his daughter's suitor died before he was able to meet or marry Joan. The news reported that Hartman had fallen through a patch of shallow ice while "amusing himself in skating" while a letter sent to the King himself stated that Hartman had set out on a boat to visit his father amidst a terrible fog and the boat had smashed into a rock, drowning him.[12]

First Marriage
Edward arranged a second marriage almost immediately after the death of Hartman.[13] Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, who was almost thirty years older than Joan and newly divorced was his first choice.[14] The earl resigned his lands to Edward upon agreeing to get them back when he married Joan, as well as agreed on a dower of two thousand silver marks.[15] By the time all of these negotiations were finished, Joan was twelve years old.[16] Gilbert de Clare became very enamored with Joan, and even though she had to marry him regardless of how she felt, he still tried to woo her.[17] He bought her expensive gifts and clothing to try to win favor with her.[18] The couple were married on April 30th, 1290 at Westminster Abbey, and had four children together.[19]

They were:
Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Hertford
Eleanor de Clare
Margaret de Clare
Elizabeth de Clare
Joan's first husband, Gilbert de Clare died on December 7th, 1295.[20]

Secret Second Marriage
Joan had been a widow for only a little over a year when she caught the eye of Ralph de Monthermer , a squire in Joan's father's household.[21] Joan fell in love and convinced her father to have Monthermer knighted. It was unheard of in European royalty for one in power to even converse with a man who had not won or acquired importance in the household. However, in January during the year of 1297, the couple was secretly married.[22] Ralph de Monthermer, 1st Baron Monthermer, and Joan of Acre blind-sided her father with this secret while he was already planning another marriage for his daughter to Amadeus V, Count of Savoy.[23] The arrangements for this marriage were quickly made through written letters. The date was to be March 16th, 1297. Joan of Acre was in dangerous predicament, as she was already a wedded wife, unbeknownst to her father. She sent her son and little daughters over to Edward I, their grandfather, in hopes that their sweetness would serve in her favor. However, her plan did not work.[24] He soon found out the intentions his daughter had, but did not realize she had already committed them.[25]
Upon finding out, he took all of Joan's lands into his own hands and continued on with his planning of the arranged marriage between Joan and Amadeus of Savoy.[26]
Soon after the seizure of her lands, Joan told her father of the official marriage between her and Monthermer. He was enraged and retaliated by immediately throwing Monthermer in prison at Bristol Castle .[27] The people of the land had differing opinions on the princess' matter, however, and has been argued that ones who were most upset were those who wanted Joan's hand in marriage.[28]

With regard to the matter, Joan famously said, "It is not considered ignominious, nor disgraceful for a great earl to take a poor and mean woman to wife; neither, on the other hand, is it worthy of blame, or too difficult a thing to promote to honor a gallant youth."[29] It is said that not only this claim, but the possibility of the appearance of a pregnant stomach seemed to soften Edward's attitude towards the situation.[30]
At last, her father relented for the sake of his daughter and released Monthermer from prison in August 1297.[31] Monthermer paid homage August 2nd and getting the title of Earl of Gloucester and Earl of Hertford , rose to favor with the King during Joan's lifetime. [32]. Monthermer and Joan had four children:

Mary de Monthermer, born October 1297. In 1306 her grandfather King Edward I arranged for her to wed Duncan Macduff, 8th Earl of Fife .
Joan de Monthermer, born 1299, became a nun at Amesbury .
Thomas de Monthermer , 2nd Baron Monthermer, born 1301.
Edward de Monthermer, born 1304 and died 1339.

Relationship With Family
Acre was the seventh child of Edward I and Eleanor's fourteen children. Most of her older siblings died before the age of seven, and many of her younger siblings died before adulthood.[33] Of the survivors, included were Joan, four of her sisters, and her younger brother, Edward (later Edward II , King of England). [34]

Acre, like her siblings, was raised outside her family's household. She lived with her grandmother while her parents were on the crusade.[35] Edward I did not have a close relationship with most of his children while they were growing up, yet "he seemed fonder of his daughters than his sons."[36] In fact, most of the children who made it to adulthood were Edward's daughters.[37]

However, Acre's independent nature caused numerous conflicts between her and her father. Her father disapproved of her leaving court after her marriage to the Earl of Gloucester, and in turn "seized seven robes that had been made for her."[38] He also strongly disapproved of her second marriage to Ralph de Monthermer, a squire in her household, even to the point of attempting to force her to marry someone else.[39][40] While Edward ultimately developed a cordial relationship with Monthermer, even giving him the title of Earl [41], there appears to have been a notable difference in the Edward's treatment of Joan as compared to the treatment of the rest of her siblings. For instance, her father famously paid messengers substantially when they brought news of the birth of grandchildren, but did not do this upon birth of Acre's daughter.[42]

In terms of her siblings, Acre kept a fairly tight bond. She and Monthermer both maintained a close relationship with her brother, Edward II, which was maintained through letters. After Edward II became estranged from his parents and lost his royal seal, "Joan offered to lend him her seal" instead.[43]

Death
Joan of Acre died on April 23, 1307.[44] The cause of her death remains unclear, though one popular theory is that she died during childbirth, a common cause of death at the time. However, historians have not confirmed this to be her cause of death.[45]

Less than four months after her death, Joan's father, Edward I died. Ralph de Monthermer was stripped of his title of Earl soon after the deaths of his wife and father in law, and the title was given to Joan's son from her first marriage, Gilbert.[46]
Joan's burial place has been the cause of some interest and debate. Allegedly, in 1357, Joan's daughter, Elizabeth De Burgh, claimed to have "inspected her mother's body and found the corpse to be intact,"[47]an indication of sanctity. Some sources claim that miracles have taken place at her tomb, from a cure of the toothache to the fever, which was often fatal at the time. [48]


The child from this marriage was:

+ 170 F    i. Eleanor de Clare 79 165 166 was born on 3 Oct 1292 in Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales, died on 30 Jun 1337 at age 44, and was buried in Tewkesbury, Wiltshire, England.

Gilbert next married Alice de Lusignan,167 daughter of Hugh X de Lusignan, Count of la Marche and of Angoulême and Isabella, of Angoulême, on 2 Feb 1253. The marriage ended in divorce. Alice died on 9 Feb 1256. Another name for Alice was Alfais de Lusignan.

159. Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal 142 143 (Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln146, Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1245 and died on 29 Aug 1287 about age 42.

Death Notes: Another source has d. Feb 1288.

Research Notes: 2nd son of Maud de Lacy and Sir Richard de Clare. First husband of Juliana FitzGerald.

From Wikipedia - Juliana FitzGerald :

In February 1275, at the age of about twelve years, Juliana married her first husband, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal. He was the second eldest son of Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford , 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy . Thomas was a friend of King Edward I of England , with whom he went on a Crusade . He held many important posts including the Office of Governor of Colchester Castle (1266), Governor of the City of London (1273). He was also the commander of the English forces in Munster , Ireland , and in 1276, he was granted the lordship of Thomond . He was born in 1245, which made him about eighteen years older than Juliana.

Juliana and her husband Thomas resided at Bunratty Castle , which Thomas constructed in stone replacing the earlier wooden structure. Together Thomas and Juliana had four children:[3]
Maud de Clare (1276- 1326/27), married firstly on 3 November 1295 Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford , by whom she had issue; she married secondly after 1314 Robert de Welle.
Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex , 1st Lord Clare (1278- 10 May 1318 at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea ), married a woman by the name of Joan by whom he fathered one son, Thomas.
Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond (3 February 1281- 1307)
Margaret de Clare (c.1 April 1287- 22 October 1333/3 January 1334), married firstly in 1303 Gilbert de Umfraville; she married secondly before 30 June 1308 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere , by whom she had four daughters and one son.

Life at Bunratty Castle was marked by unrest and strife as civil war was waged between rival factions of the powerful O'Brien clan. In 1277, Juliana's husband had his former ally Brian Ruad , the deposed King of Thomond, hanged for treason at Bunratty.[4]
Thomas died on 29 August 1287.

Noted events in his life were:

• Governor of Colchester Castle: 1266.

• Governor of the City of London: 1273.

• Lord of Thomand: 1276.

• Lord of Inchequin and Yougha:

Thomas married Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly,143 168 daughter of Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly and Maud de Prendergast, in Feb 1275. Juliana was born about 1263 in Dublin, Dublin, Ireland and died in 1300 about age 37. Other names for Juliana were Juliana FitzMaurice of Offaly and Juliane FitzMaurice.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Juliana FitzGerald :

Juliana FitzGerald, Lady Thomond (c.1263- 1300), was a Norman -Irish noblewoman, the daughter of Maurice FitzGerald , 3rd Lord of Offaly , and the wife of Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond , a powerful Anglo-Norman baron in Ireland, who was a younger brother of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford . Juliana had a total of three husbands; Thomas was her first. He was the father of her four children.

She is sometimes referred to as Juliane FitzMaurice.

Family
Juliana FitzGerald was born in about 1263 in Dublin , Ireland the eldest daughter of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland (1238- 1287) and his first wife, Maud de Prendergast (born 17 March 1243).[1]She had a younger sister Amabel who died childless. Her first cousin was John FitzGerald, 1st Earl of Kildare . Her paternal grandparents were Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Lord of Offaly (1190- 1257) and Juliana. Her maternal grandparents were Gerald de Prendergast and the unnamed daughter of Richard Mor de Burgh , Lord of Connacht and Egidia de Lacy . Juliana's maternal ancestors included Brian Boru , Dermot McMurrough , and Maud de Braose .

Juliana's mother Maud died on an unknown date. Her father married secondly in 1273, Emmeline Longespee, but fathered no children by her.[2]

Marriages and children
In February 1275, at the age of about twelve years, Juliana married her first husband, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal. He was the second eldest son of Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford , 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy . Thomas was a friend of King Edward I of England , with whom he went on a Crusade . He held many important posts including the Office of Governor of Colchester Castle (1266), Governor of the City of London (1273). He was also the commander of the English forces in Munster , Ireland , and in 1276, he was granted the lordship of Thomond . He was born in 1245, which made him about eighteen years older than Juliana.
Juliana and her husband Thomas resided at Bunratty Castle , which Thomas constructed in stone replacing the earlier wooden structure. Together Thomas and Juliana had four children:[3]

Maud de Clare (1276- 1326/27), married firstly on 3 November 1295 Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford , by whom she had issue; she married secondly after 1314 Robert de Welle.

Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex , 1st Lord Clare (1278- 10 May 1318 at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea ), married a woman by the name of Joan by whom he fathered one son, Thomas.
Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond (3 February 1281- 1307)
Margaret de Clare (c.1 April 1287- 22 October 1333/3 January 1334), married firstly in 1303 Gilbert de Umfraville; she married secondly before 30 June 1308 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere , by whom she had four daughters and one son.

Life at Bunratty Castle was marked by unrest and strife as civil war was waged between rival factions of the powerful O'Brien clan. In 1277, Juliana's husband had his former ally Brian Ruad , the deposed King of Thomond, hanged for treason at Bunratty.[4]

Thomas died on 29 August 1287, leaving Juliana a widow at the age of twenty-four with four small children; the youngest, Margaret was not quite five months old. On an unknown date she married her second husband, Nicholas Avenel. He presumably died before 1292, as that was the year she married her third husband, Adam de Cretynges.

Juliana died in 1300. Her numerous descendants included English kings Henry V , Edward IV , Richard III , Mary, Queen of Scots , Anne Boleyn , Mary Boleyn , and Diana, Princess of Wales . The current British Royal Family directly descend from her, as do most of the other European royal families.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 171 F    i. Margaret de Clare 169 170 171 172 was born about 1 Apr 1287 in Bunratty Castle, Thomond, Ireland and died between 22 Oct 1333 and 8 Jan 1334.

160. Alice de Warenne 146 (Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died before 23 May 1338.

Alice married Sir Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel,173 174 son of Sir Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel and Alasia, di Saluzzo, in 1305. Edmund was born on 1 May 1285 and died on 17 Nov 1326 in Hereford, Herefordshire, England at age 41. Other names for Edmund were Edmund FitzAlan d'Arundel and Sir Edmund FitzAlan d'Arundel.

Death Notes: Beheaded

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel :

Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel (8th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots) (1 May 1285 - 17 November 1326).

Lineage
Born in the Castle of Marlborough in Wiltshire . He was the son of Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel (7th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots) and Alice of Saluzzo (also known as Alesia di Saluzzo), daughter of Thomas I of Saluzzo in Italy . He succeeded to his father's estates and titles on his death in 1302.

Prominent Nobleman
Edmund was an English nobleman prominent in the contention between Edward II and his Barons and second de facto Earl of Arundel of the FitzAlan line.
He was summoned to Parliament, 9 November 1306, as Earl of Arundel , and took part in the Scottish wars of that year.

Coronation duty
Arundel bore the Royal robes at Edward II's coronation, but he soon fell out with the King's favorite Piers Gaveston . In 1310 he was one of the Lords Ordainers , and he was one of the 5 Earls who allied in 1312 to oust Gaveston. Arundel resisted reconciling with the King after Gaveston's death, and in 1314 he along with some other Earls refused to help the King's Scottish campaign, which contributed in part to the English defeat at Bannockburn .

Allied to the Despensers
A few years later Arundel allied with King Edward's new favorites, Hugh le Despenser and his son of the same name, and had his son and heir, Richard, married to a daughter of the younger Hugh le Despenser. He reluctantly consented to the Despenser's banishment in 1321, and joined the King's efforts to restore them in 1321. Over the following years Arundel was one of the King's principal supporters, and after the capture of Roger Mortimer in 1322 he received a large part of the forfeited Mortimer estates. He also held the two great offices governing Wales, becoming Justice of Wales in 1322 and Warden of the Welsh Marches , responsible for the array in Wales, in 1325 and Constable of Montgomery Castle , his official base.

Loyalty
After Mortimer's escape from prison and invasion of England in 1326, amongst the Barons only Arundel and his brother-in-law John de Warenne remained loyal to the King.

Capture & execution
Their defensive efforts were ineffective, and Arundel was captured and executed at the behest of Queen Isabella .

Estates Forfeited
His estates and titles were forfeited when he was executed, but they were eventually restored to his eldest son Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel .

Marriage and issue
In 1305, Edmund married Alice de Warenne (June1287-23 May 1338) sister and eventual heiress of John de Warenne , 8th Earl of Surrey , daughter of William de Warenne and Joan de Vere . Their children included:
Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel
Alice FitzAlan, who married John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford

References
The Royal Ancestry Bible Royal Ancestors of 300 Colonial American Families by Michel L. Call (chart 28) ISBN 1-933194-22-7
Roy Martin (2003), King Edward II: His Life, His Reign, and Its Aftermath, 1284-1330, McGill-Queen's Press, ISBN 0773524320
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 28-32, 60-31, 83-30

Noted events in his life were:

• Knighted: 22 May 1306.

• Member: of Parliament, 1306.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 172 M    i. Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne 175 176 177 was born about 1313, died on 24 Jan 1376 in Arundel, West Sussex, England about age 63, and was buried in Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England.

161. John de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey 147 148 (Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 30 Jun 1286 and died on 29 Jun 1347 about age 60. Another name for John was John II de Warenne.

Research Notes: May have built, or finished building, Holt Castle before his death. There is a record of officers of the Prince of Wales staying at Castrum Leonum (Holt) from 9th July to 6th August, 1347. It is unclear which of the Warennes commenced the building of the castle.

Noted events in his life were:

• Succeeded: to lordships of Bromfield (Wrexham) and Yale, 27 Sep 1304. upon the death of his grandfather, John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey.

• Inherited: Castle Lions (Holt Castle) and Castle Dinas Bran, 27 Sep 1304.

• Granted: all his lands, including castles Holt and Dinas Bran, to king Edward II, 29 Jun 1316.

John married Joan de Barre.178 They had no children.

John next married Isabel de Howland.178 They had no children.

Research Notes: Second wife of John II de Warenne

162. Angharad de Warenne, of Warren Hall, Salop 149 150 (Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1294. Another name for Angharad was Angreta de Warren of Warren Hall, Salop.

Research Notes: From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales, Vol. I, p. 455: "Sir Richard de Pyvelisdon, or Puleston, Kt., of Emral, who m. Angharad (whom Dwnn modifies from the Latin into Angreta), dau. of a Warren of Warren Hall, Salop, and had by her eight sons and a dau. william, the eldest, d. s. p., and the succession was in the wne son,--Sir Roger Puleston, Kt., of Emral..."

Angharad married Sir Richard Puleston, of Emral, son of Sir Roger Puleston, of Emral, Maelor Saesneg, Flintshire and Jane le Clerk, of Malpas,. Richard was born about 1281. Another name for Richard was Sir Richard de Pyvelisdon of Emral.

Research Notes: http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593881439

Source: Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 455, which has "Sir Richard de Pyvelisdon, or Puleston, Kt., of Emral, who m. Angharad (whom Dwnn modifies from the Latin into Angreta), dau. of a Warren of Warren Hall, Salop, and had by her eight sons and a dau. William, the eldest, d. s. p., and the succession was in the 2nd son,--Sir Roger Puleston, Kt., of Emral..."


The child from this marriage was:

+ 173 M    i. Sir Roger Puleston, of Emral 150 179 180 181 was born about 1308.


163. Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex 152 153 (Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1276 in Pleshey Castle, Essex, England and died on 16 Mar 1322 in Boroughbridge, Yorkshire, England about age 46. Another name for Humphrey was Humphrey VIII de Bohun 4th Earl of Hereford.

Death Notes: At the Battle of Boroughbridge, murdered in an ambush by the Welsh.

Research Notes: Ancestral Roots, Line 97-31 has b. abt 1276, slain at Boroughbridge, 16 Mar 1321/2, 4th Earl of Hereford and Essex, Lord High Constable of England.
----------
From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford

Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford (1276 - March 16 , 1321 /1322 ) was a member of an important Anglo-Norman family of the Welsh Marches and was one of the Ordainers who opposed Edward II 's excesses.

Family Background
Humphrey de Bohun's birth year is uncertain although several contemporary sources indicate that it was 1276. His father was Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and his mother was Maud de Fiennes , daughter of Enguerrand II de Fiennes . He was born at Pleshey Castle located in Essex , England.

Humphrey de Bohun VIII succeeded his father as Earl of Hereford and Earl of Essex , and Constable of England (later called Lord High Constable ). Humphrey held the title of Bearer of the Swan Badge, a heraldic device passed down in the de Bohun family. This device did not appear on their coat of arms, (az, a bend ar cotised or, between 6 lioncels or) nor their crest (gu, doubled erm, a lion gardant crowned), but it does appear on his personal seal.

Scotland
Humphrey was one of several earls and barons under Edward I who laid siege to Caerlaverock Castle in Scotland in 1300 and later took part in many campaigns in Scotland. He also loved tourneying and gained a reputation as an "elegant" fop. In one of the campaigns in Scotland Humphrey evidently grew bored and departed England for a tournament along with Piers Gaveston and other young barons and knights. On return all of them fell under Edward I's wrath for desertion, but were forgiven. It is probable that Gaveston's friend, Edward (the future Edward II) had given them permission to depart.

Later Humphrey became one of Gaveston's and Edward II's bitterest opponents. He would also have been associating with young Robert Bruce during the early campaigns in Scotland, since Bruce, like many other Scots and Border men, moved back and forth from English allegiance to Scottish. (NOTE: Robert Bruce, King Robert I of Scotland, is closely connected to de Bohun. Between the time that he swore his last fealty to Edward I in 1302 and his defection four years later, Bruce stayed for the most part in Annandale , rebuilding his castle of Lochmaben in stone, making use of its natural moat. Rebelling and taking the crown of Scotland in February, 1306, Bruce was forced to fight a war against England which went poorly for him at first, while Edward I still lived. After nearly all his family were killed or captured he had to flee to the isle of Rathlin , Ireland. His properties in England and Scotland were confiscated.)

Humphrey de Bohun received many of Robert Bruce's forfeited properties. It is unknown whether Humphrey was a long-time friend or enemy of Robert Bruce, but they were nearly the same age and the lands of the two families in Essex and Middlesex lay very close to each other. After Bruce's self-exile, de Bohun took Lochmaben and Edward I awarded him Annandale and the castle. During this period of chaos Bruce's queen, Elizabeth de Burgh , daughter of the Earl of Ulster, was captured by Edward I and taken prisoner, and Hereford and his wife Elizabeth later became her custodians. She was exchanged for Humphrey after Bannockburn in 1314. Lochmaben was from time to time retaken by the Scots but remained in the de Bohun family for many years, in the hands of Humphrey's son William, Earl of Northampton , who held and defended it until his death in 1360...

...Ordainer
Like his father, grandfather, and great-great-grandfather, this Humphrey de Bohun was careful to insist that the king obey Magna Carta , Habeas Corpus , and the other baronially-established safeguards against monarchic tyranny. He was a leader of the reform movements that promulgated the Ordinances of 1311 and fought to insure their execution.
The subsequent revival of royal authority and the ascendancy of the Despensers (Hugh the elder and younger ) led de Bohun and other barons to rebel against the king again in 1322. De Bohun had special reason for opposing the Despensers, for he had lost some of his estates in the Welsh Marches to their rapacity.

Death at Boroughbridge
The rebel forces were halted by loyalist troops at the wooden bridge at Boroughbridge , Yorkshire, where Humphrey de Bohun, leading an attempt to storm the bridge, met his death on March 16, 1322.

Although the details have been called into question by a few historians, his death may have been particularly gory. As recounted in The Greatest Traitor by Ian Mortimer, page 124:

"[The 4th Earl of] Hereford led the fight on the bridge, but he and his men were caught in the arrow fire. Then one of de Harclay's pikemen, concealed beneath the bridge, thrust upwards between the planks and skewered the Earl of Hereford through the anus, twisting the head of the iron pike into his intestines. His dying screams turned the advance into a panic."'

Humphrey de Bohun may have contributed to the failure of the reformers' aims. There is evidence that he suffered for some years, especially after his countess's death in 1316, from clinical depression. [1]

Marriage and children
His marriage to Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (Elizabeth Plantagenet), daughter of King Edward I of England and his first Queen consort Eleanor of Castile , on November 14 , 1302 , at Westminster gained him the lands of Berkshire.
Elizabeth had an unknown number of children, probably ten, by Humphrey de Bohun.

Until the earl's death the boys of the family, possibly the girls, were given a classical education under the tutelage of a Sicilian Greek, Master "Digines" (Diogenes), who may have been Humphrey de Bohun's boyhood tutor. He was evidently well-educated, a book collector and scholar, interests his son Humphrey and daughter Margaret (Courtenay) inherited.
Mary or Margaret (the first-born Margaret) and the first-born Humphrey were lost in infancy and are buried in the same sarcophagus in Westminster Abbey. Since fraternal twins were known in the Castilian royal family of Elizabeth Bohun, who gave birth to a pair who lived to manhood, Mary (Margaret?) and Humphrey, see next names, may have been twins, but that is uncertain. The name of a possible lost third child, if any, is unknown--and unlikely.

Hugh de Bohun? This name appears only in one Medieval source which gives Bohun names (see Flores Historiarum) and was a probably a copyist error for "Humphrey". It was never used by the main branch of the Bohuns in England. (Le Melletier, q.v., 16-17, 38-45, 138, in his comprehensive research into this family, cites no one named Hugh Bohun.) Date unknown, but after 1302 since she and Humphrey did not marry until late in 1302.
Humphrey de Bohun (birth and death dates unknown. Buried in Westminster Abbey with Mary or Margaret) Infant.
Mary or Margaret de Bohun (birth and death dates unknown. Buried in Westminster Abbey with Humphrey) Infant.

John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford (About 1307 - 1336 )
Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford (About 1309 to 1311 - 1361 ).
Margaret de Bohun (About 1308-1310 - 1391), married Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon Gave birth to about 16 to 18 children (including an Archbishop, a sea commander and pirate, and more than one Knight of the Garter) and died in her eighties.
William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton (About 1310-1312 -1360 ). Twin of Edward.
Edward de Bohun (About 1310-1312 -1334 ). Twin of William. Married Margaret, daughter of William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros , but they had no children. He served in his ailing elder brother's stead as Constable of England. He was close friend of young Edward III, and died a heroic death attempting to rescue a drowning man-at-arms from a Scottish river while on campaign.
Eleanor de Bohun (birth date unknown, could have been as late as 1314 or 15 - 1363 ) [2], married James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde and Thomas Dagworth , 1st Baron Dagworth.
Eneas de Bohun, (Birth date unknown, died after 1322, when he's mentioned in his father's will). Nothing known of him. Name may reflect his father's classical education or the Earl's Welsh connections; could be either.
Isabel de Bohun (b. May ? , 1316 ). Elizabeth died in childbirth, and this child died on that day or very soon after. Buried with her mother in Waltham Abbey, Essex.

Humphrey married Elizabeth, of Rhuddlan, Princess of England,182 183 184 daughter of King Edward I, of England and Eleanor, of Castile, Countess of Ponthieu, on 14 Nov 1302 in Westminster Palace, London, England. Elizabeth was born on 7 Aug 1282 in Rhuddlan Castle, Rhuddlan, Denbighshire, Wales, died on 5 May 1316 in Quendon, Essex, England at age 33, and was buried in Waltham Abbey, Essex, England. Other names for Elizabeth were Elizabeth Princess of England, Elizabeth of England, and Elizabeth Plantagenet of Rhuddlan.

Birth Notes: Wikipedia or some other source has b. 7 Aug 1282 or 1281. Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, Edited by Thomas Allen Glenn at the request of Howard Reifsnyder, privately printed, Philadelphia, 1902, provided by http://books.google.com, p. 31 has b. 1284.

Death Notes: Per Wikipedia, died in childbirth

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 49:

"I. THE PRINCESS ELIZABETH PLANTAGENET, daughter of Edward I by his first wife, Eleanor of Castile, was born at Rudlan Castle, in Flintshire, 1284. She married, first, in London, John, Earl of Holland, who died without issue two years after his marriage; and secondly, Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Lord High Constable of England. By her second husband she had a son: William de Bohun.
---------
From Wikipedia - Elizabeth of Rhuddlan :

Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (Elizabeth Plantagenet) (7 August 1282 Rhuddlan Castle - 5 May 1316 Quendon )

Born the eighth daughter of Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile . Of all her siblings, she was closest to her younger brother Edward II of England , as they were only two years apart in age.

In April 1285 there were negotiations with Floris V for Elizabeth's betrothal to his son John I, Count of Holland . The offer was accepted and John was sent to England to be educated. On 8 January 1297 Elizabeth was married to John at Ipswich . In attendance at the marriage were Elizabeth's sister Margaret , her father, Edward I of England , her brother Edward , and Humphrey de Bohun . After the wedding Elizabeth was expected to go to Holland with her husband, but did not wish to go, leaving her husband to go alone.

After some time travelling England , it was decided Elizabeth should follow her husband. Her father accompanied her, travelling through Antwerp , Malines , Louvain and Brussels , before ending up in Ghent . There they remained for a few months, spending Christmas with her two sister's Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar and Margaret Plantagenet . On 10 November 1299 , John died of dysentery , though there were rumours of his being murdered. No children had been born from the marriage.

On her return trip to England , Elizabeth went through Brabant to see her sister Margaret. When she arrived in England , she met her step mother Margaret of France , whom Edward had married whilst she was in Holland . Reportedly, they became inseparable. On 14 November 1302 Elizabeth was married to Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford , 3rd of Essex, also Constable of England , at Westminster Abbey .

During Christmas 1315 Elizabeth, who was pregnant with her 10th child, was visited by her sister-in-law Isabella of France . This was a great honour, but the stress of it may have caused unknown health problems that later contributed to Elizabeth's death in childbirth. On 5 May 1316 she went into labour, giving birth to her daughter Isabella. Both Elizabeth and Isabella died shortly after the birthing, and were buried together in Waltham Abbey .

The children of Elizabeth and Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford are:
Hugh de Bohun (September 1303 - 1305 )
Eleanor de Bohun (October 1304 - 1363 ), married James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde and Thomas Dagworth , 1st Baron Dagworth.
Humphrey de Bohun (b&d 1305 )
John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford (23 November 1306 - 1335 )
Agnes de Bohun, (November 1309 - ), married Robert de Ferrers, Earl of Chartley
Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford (6 December about 1309 - 1361 )
Margaret de Bohun (3 April 1311 - 1391 ), married Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon
William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton (1312 - 1360 ). Twin of Edward. Married Elizabeth de Badlesmere.
Edward de Bohun (1312 - 1334 ). Twin of William.
Eneas de Bohun, (1314 - after 1322 ), when he's mentioned in his father's will.
Isabel de Bohun (b&d 5 May 1316 )


Children from this marriage were:

+ 174 F    i. Eleanor de Bohun 185 was born in Oct 1304 and died on 7 Oct 1363 at age 59.

+ 175 M    ii. John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford was born on 23 Nov 1306 and died in 1335 at age 29.

+ 176 F    iii. Agnes de Bohun was born in Nov 1309.

+ 177 M    iv. Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford 186 was born on 6 Dec 1309, died on 15 Oct 1361 in Pleshey Castle, Essex, England at age 51, and was buried in Friars Augustine, London.

+ 178 F    v. Margaret de Bohun 97 187 was born on 3 Apr 1311 in Caldecote, Northamptonshire, England, died on 16 Dec 1391 in Exeter, Devonshire, England at age 80, and was buried in Exeter Cathedral, Devonshire, England.

+ 179 M    vi. Sir William de Bohun, K.G., 1st Earl of Northampton 188 189 was born about 1311 and died on 16 Sep 1360 about age 49.

+ 180 M    vii. Edward de Bohun 153 was born in 1312 and died in 1334 at age 22.

+ 181 M    viii. Eneas de Bohun was born about 1313 and died after 1322.

164. Thomas de Beauchamp 37 (Alice de Toeni151, Ralph de Toeni137, Ralph de Toeni122, Roger de Toeni111, Ralph de Toeni, de Conches106, Roger de Toeni, de Conches100, Alice Huntingdon93, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 14 Feb 1314 in <Warwick Castle, Warwickshire>, England, died on 13 Nov 1369 in Calais, Pas-de-Calais, France at age 55, and was buried in Saint Mary's, Warwick, Warwickshire, England.

Thomas married someone.

His child was:

+ 182 F    i. Maud de Beauchamp 37 was born about 1335 in <Warwick, Warwickshire>, England and died in Jan 1403 about age 68.

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165. Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire 134 157 (Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died before 20 Mar 1382. Other names for Thomas were Sir Thomas Latham Lord of Latham, Thomas de Leatham of Leatham and Lancashire.

Research Notes: Source: The Baronetage of England by E. Kimber and R. Johnson, London, 1771, vol. 2 (courtesy of books.google.com), p. 206 has "Thomas de Leatham, Knt. (lord of Leatham in Lancashire)"

Thomas married someone.

His child was:

+ 183 F    i. Isabel Lathom 190 191 was born about 1364 and died on 26 Oct 1414 about age 50.

166. Baron Roger de Clifford, Lord of Appleby and Cumberland 79 159 (Isabel Berkeley153, Maurice de Berkeley140, Joan de Ferrers125, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 10 Jul 1333 in <Cumberland>, England, died on 13 Jul 1390 in Brough Castle, Under Stainmoor Brough, Westmorland, England at age 57, and was buried in Shap Abbey, Westmorland, England.

Research Notes: 5th Baron de Clifford

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I58877

OCCUPATION: Lord Clifford, Sheriff of Cumberland, Governor of Carlisle Castle, 1377Roger d e Clifford, Lord of Westmoreland, m. Maud, dau. of Thomas Beauchamp, 3rd Earl of Warwick, an d d. 13 July, 1390, having had, with four daus., three sons, Thomas, his heir, William, and L ewis. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage , Ltd., London, 1883, p. 122, Clifford, Earls of Cumberland and Barons Clifford

Also Wikipedia "Baron de Clifford"

Roger married Maud de Beauchamp,37 daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp and Unknown, about 1356 in Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England. Maud was born about 1335 in <Warwick, Warwickshire>, England and died in Jan 1403 about age 68.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 184 M    i. Baron Thomas de Clifford 79 192 was born in 1363 in Brough Castle, Under Stainmoor Brough, Westmorland, England and died on 18 Aug 1391 in Clifford Castle, Clifford, Hereford, England at age 28.

167. Henry Beaumont, 3rd Lord Beaumont (John de Beaumont, Earl of Buchan, 2nd Lord Beaumont154, Alice Comyn141, Alexander Comyn128, Elizabeth de Quincey113, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1340.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Eleanor of Lancaster

168. Matilda Beaumont (John de Beaumont, Earl of Buchan, 2nd Lord Beaumont154, Alice Comyn141, Alexander Comyn128, Elizabeth de Quincey113, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died in Jul 1467.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Eleanor of Lancaster

169. John Neville 84 (Ralph Neville156, Eupheme FitzRoger Clavering144, Margery La Zouche130, Helen de Quincy, of Brackley114, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1328 in <Raby With Keverstone>, Durham, England and died on 17 Oct 1388 in Newcastle Upon Tyne, Northumberland, England about age 60.

John married someone.

His child was:

+ 185 M    i. Ralph de Neville 84 was born in 1364 in <Castle Raby>, Raby With Keverstone, Durham, England, died on 21 Oct 1426 in Castle Raby, Raby With Keverstone, Durham, England at age 62, and was buried in Oct 1426 in Collegiate Church, Staindrop, Durham, England.

170. Eleanor de Clare 79 165 166 (Sir Gilbert de Clare, 9th Earl of Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford158, Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln146, Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 3 Oct 1292 in Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales, died on 30 Jun 1337 at age 44, and was buried in Tewkesbury, Wiltshire, England. Other names for Eleanor were Alianore de Clare and Eleanore de Clare.

Research Notes: Wikipedia - Eleanor de Clare :

Eleanor de Clare (3 October 1292 - June 30 , 1337 ) was the wife of the powerful Hugh Despenser the younger . She was born in 1292 at Caerphilly in Glamorgan , Wales . She was the eldest daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford and 3rd Earl of Gloucester , and Joan of Acre , daughter of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile ; thus she was a granddaughter to Edward I of England . With her sisters, Elizabeth de Clare and Margaret de Clare , she inherited her father's estates after the death of her brother, Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Gloucester at Bannockburn in 1314.

Marriage to Hugh Desepenser the younger
In May 1306 at Westminster , Eleanor married Hugh Despenser the younger , the son of Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winchester and Isabel Beauchamp , daughter of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick . Her grandfather, King Edward I of England , granted Eleanor a maritagium of 2,000 pounds sterling. Eleanor and Hugh had nine children:
Hugh le Despenser III (1308-1349)
Gilbert le Despenser , (1309- 1381).
Edward le Despenser , (1310 - 1342), soldier, killed at the siege of Vannes [1]; father of Edward II le Despenser , Knight of the Garter
John le Despenser , (1311 - June 1366).
Isabel le Despenser (1312-1356), married Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel
Eleanor le Despenser , (c. 1315 - 1351), nun at Sempringham Priory
Joan le Despenser , (c. 1317 - 1384), nun at Shaftesbury Abbey
Margaret le Despenser , (c. 1319 - 1337, nun at Whatton Priory
Elizabeth le Despenser , born 1325, died July 13 , 1389 , married Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley .
Eleanor's husband rose to prominence as the new favourite of her uncle, King Edward II of England . The king strongly favoured Hugh and Eleanor, visiting them often and granting them many gifts. One foreign chronicler even alleged that Edward was involved in a ménage à trois with his niece and her husband. Whatever the truth, Eleanor's fortunes changed drastically after the invasion of Isabella of France and Roger Mortimer . Hugh le Despenser was gruesomely executed.

Imprisonment
In November 1326, Eleanor was confined to the Tower of London . The Despenser family's fortunes also suffered with the executions of Eleanor's husband and father-in-law. Eleanor and Hugh's eldest son, another Hugh, who held Caerphilly Castle against the queen's forces until the spring of 1327, was spared his life when he surrendered the castle but remained a prisoner until July 1331, after which he was slowly restored to royal favor. Three of Eleanor's daughters were forcibly veiled as nuns. Only the eldest daughter, Isabel, and the youngest daughter, Elizabeth, escaped the nunnery, Isabel because she was already married and Elizabeth on account of her infancy.
In February 1328 Eleanor was freed from imprisonment. In April 1328, she was allowed possession of her own lands, for which she did homage.

Marriage to William de la Zouche
Eleanor was abducted from Hanley Castle in January, 1329, by William de la Zouche , who had been one of her husband's captors and who had led the siege of Caerphilly Castle. The abduction may in fact have been an elopement; in any case, Eleanor's lands were seized by the King, Edward III , and the couple was ordered to be arrested. At the same time, Eleanor was accused of stealing jewels from the Tower. Sometime after February 1329, she was imprisoned a second time in the Tower of London; later, she was moved to Devizes Castle . In January 1330, she was released and pardoned after agreeing to sign away the most valuable part of her share of the lucrative Clare inheritance to the crown. She could recover her lands only on the condition that she pay the enormous sum of 50,000 pounds in a single day.
Within the year, however, the young Edward III overthrew Queen Isabella's paramour, Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, and had him executed. Eleanor was among those who benefited from the fall of Mortimer and Isabella. She petitioned Edward III for the restoration of her lands, claiming that she had signed them away after being threatened by Roger Mortimer that she would never be freed if she did not. In 1331, Edward III granted her petition "to ease the king's conscience" and allowed her to recover the lands on the condition that she pay a fine of 10,000 pounds, later reduced to 5,000 pounds, in installments. Eleanor made payments on the fine, but the bulk of it was outstanding at the time of her death.
Eleanor's troubles were by no means over, however. After Eleanor's marriage to Zouche, Sir John Grey, 1st Baron Grey claimed that he had married her first. Grey was still attempting to claim Eleanor in 1333; the case was appealed to the Pope several times. Ultimately, Zouche won the dispute. Eleanor remained with him until his death in February 1337, only a few months before Eleanor's own death. Eleanor and William had children:
William de la Zouche, born 1330, died after 1360, a monk at Glastonbury Abbey .
Joyce Zouche, born 1331, died after 4 May 1372 , married John de Botetourt, 2nd Lord Botetourt.

Tewkesbury Abbey Renovations
Hugh le Despenser the younger and Eleanor are generally credited with beginning the renovations to Tewkesbury Abbey that transformed it into the fine example of the decorated style of architecture that it is today. The famous fourteenth-century stained-glass windows in the choir, which include the armor-clad figures of Eleanor's ancestors, brother, and two husbands, were most likely Eleanor's own contribution, although she probably did not live to see them put in place. The nude, kneeling woman watching the Last Judgment in the choir's east window may represent Eleanor.

Eleanor married Sir Hugh le Despenser, Baron Despenser,193 194 195 son of Sir Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester and Isabella de Beauchamp, after 14 Jun 1306. Hugh was born in 1286, died on 24 Nov 1326 in Hereford, Herefordshire, England at age 40, and was buried after 15 Dec 1330 in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England. Another name for Hugh was Hugh "the Younger" le Despenser Baron Despenser.

Death Notes: Hanged and quartered for teason

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Hugh Despenser the Younger :

Hugh Despenser, 1st Lord Despenser (1286 - 24 November 1326 , sometimes referred to as "the younger Despenser", was the son and heir of Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winchester , by Isabel Beauchamp, daughter of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick .

Background
He was knight of Hanley Castle , Worcestershire , King's Chamberlain , Constable of Odiham Castle , Keeper of the castle and town of Portchester , Keeper of the castle, town and barton of Bristol and, in Wales , Keeper of the castle and town of Dryslwyn , and the region of Cantref Mawr , Carmarthenshire . Also in Wales , he was Keeper of the castles, manor, and lands of Brecknock , Hay , Cantref Selyf, etc., in County Brecon , and, in England of Huntington , Herefordshire . He was given Wallingford Castle although this had previously been given to Queen Isabella for life.

Marriage
In May 1306 Hugh was knighted, and that summer he married Eleanor de Clare , daughter of Gilbert de Clare , 9th Lord of Clare and 7th Earl of Hertford and Joan of Acre . Eleanor's grandfather, Edward I , owed Hugh's father vast sums of money, and the marriage was intended as a payment of these debts. When Eleanor's brother was killed at the Battle of Bannockburn , she unexpectedly became one of the three co-heiresses to the rich Gloucester earldom, and in her right Hugh inherited Glamorgan and other properties. In just a few short years Hugh went from a landless knight to one of the wealthiest magnates in the kingdom.
Eleanor was also the niece of the new king, Edward II of England , and this connection brought Hugh closer to the English royal court. He joined the baronial opposition to Piers Gaveston , the king's favourite , and Hugh's brother-in-law, as Gaveston was married to Eleanor's sister. Eager for power and wealth, Hugh seized Tonbridge Castle in 1315. In 1318 he murdered Llywelyn Bren , a Welsh hostage in his custody.

Eleanor and Hugh had nine children:
Hugh le Despenser III (1308-1349)
Gilbert le Despenser , (1309- 1381).
Edward le Despenser , (1310 - 1342), soldier, killed at the siege of Vannes [1]; father of Edward II le Despenser , Knight of the Garter
John le Despenser , (1311 - June 1366).
Isabel le Despenser, Countess of Arundel (1312-1356), married Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel
Eleanor le Despenser , (c. 1315 - 1351), nun at Sempringham Priory
Joan le Despenser , (c. 1317 - 1384), nun at Shaftesbury Abbey
Margaret le Despenser , (c. 1319 - 1337, nun at Whatton Priory
Elizabeth le Despenser , born 1325, died July 13 , 1389 , married Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley .

Political Manoeuvrings
Hugh became royal chamberlain in 1318. As a royal courtier , Hugh manoeuvred into the affections of King Edward, displacing the previous favourite, Roger d'Amory . This was much to the dismay of the baronage as they saw him both taking their rightful places at court and being a worse version of Gaveston. By 1320 his greed was running free. Hugh seized the Welsh lands of his wife's inheritance, ignoring the claims of his two brothers-in-law. He forced Alice de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln , to give up her lands, cheated his sister-in-law Elizabeth de Clare out of Gower and Usk , and allegedly had Lady Baret's arms and legs broken until she went insane. He also supposedly vowed to be revenged on Roger Mortimer because Mortimer's grandfather had murdered Hugh's grandfather, and once stated (though probably in jest) that he regretted he could not control the wind. By 1321 he had earned many enemies in every stratum of society, from Queen Isabella to the barons to the common people. There was even a bizarre plot to kill Hugh by sticking pins in a wax likeness of him.

Finally the barons prevailed upon King Edward and forced Hugh and his father into exile in 1321. His father fled to Bordeaux , and Hugh became a pirate in the English Channel , "a sea monster, lying in wait for merchants as they crossed his path". Following the exile of the Despensers, the barons who opposed them fell out among themselves. The following year, King Edward took advantage of these divisions to secure the defeat and execution of the Earl of Lancaster, and the surrender of Roger Mortimer, the Despensers' chief opponents. The pair returned and King Edward quickly reinstated Hugh as royal favourite. His time in exile had done nothing to quell his greed, his rashness, or his ruthlessness. The time from the Despensers' return from exile until the end of Edward II's reign was a time of uncertainty in England. With the main baronial opposition leaderless and weak, having been defeated at the Battle of Boroughbridge , and Edward willing to let them do as they pleased, the Despensers were left unchecked. They grew rich from their administration and corruption. This period is sometimes referred to as the "Tyranny". This maladministration caused hostile feeling for them and, by proxy, Edward II. Hugh repeatedly pressed King Edward to execute Mortimer, who had been held prisoner in the Tower of London, following his surrender. However, Mortimer escaped from the Tower and fled to France.

Relationship with Edward and Isabella
Queen Isabella had a special dislike for the man. Various historians have suggested, and it is commonly believed, that he and Edward had an ongoing sexual relationship. (Froissart states "he was a sodomite, even it is said, with the King.") Some speculate it was this relationship that caused the Queen's dislike of him.[citation needed ] Others, noting that her hatred for him was far greater than for any other favourite of her husband, suggest that his behaviour towards herself and the nation served to excite her particular disgust. Alison Weir , in her 2005 book, Queen Isabella: Treachery, Adultery, and Murder in Medieval England, speculates that he had raped Isabella and that was the source of her hatred. While Isabella was in France to negotiate between her husband and the French king, she formed a liaison with Roger Mortimer and began planning an invasion. Hugh supposedly tried to bribe French courtiers to assassinate Isabella, sending barrels of silver as payment. Roger Mortimer and the Queen invaded England in October 1326. Their forces only numbered about 1,500 mercenaries to begin with, but the majority of the nobility rallied to them throughout October and November. By contrast, very few people were prepared to fight for Edward II, mainly because of the hatred which the Despensers had aroused. The Despensers fled West with the King, with a sizable sum from the treasury. The escape was unsuccessful. Separated from the elder Despenser, the King and the younger Hugh were deserted by most of their followers, and were captured near Neath in mid-November. King Edward was placed in captivity and later deposed. Hugh the father (the elder Despenser) was hanged at Bristol on 27 October 1326, and Hugh the son was brought to trial.

Trial and Execution
Hugh tried to starve himself before his trial, but face trial he did on 24 November 1326 , in Hereford , before Mortimer and the Queen. He was judged a traitor and a thief, and sentenced to public execution by hanging, as a thief, and drawing and quartering , as a traitor. Additionally, he was sentenced to be disembowelled for having procured discord between the King and Queen, and to be beheaded, for returning to England after having been banished. Treason had also been the grounds for Gaveston's execution; the belief was that these men had misled the King rather than the King himself being guilty of folly. Immediately after the trial, he was dragged behind four horses to his place of execution, where a great fire was lit. He was stripped naked, and biblical verses denouncing arrogance and evil were written on his skin. He was then hanged from a gallows 50 ft (15 m) high, but cut down before he could choke to death, and was tied to a ladder, in full view of the crowd. The executioner climbed up beside him, and sliced off his penis and testicles which were burnt before him, while he was still alive and conscious; (although castration was not formally part of the sentence imposed on Despenser, it was typically practised on convicted traitors). Subsequently, the executioner slit open his abdomen, and slowly pulled out, and cut out, his entrails and, finally, his heart, which were likewise thrown into the fire. The executioner would have sought to keep him alive as long as possible, while disembowelling him. The burning of his entrails would, in all likelihood, have been the last sight that he witnessed. Just before he died, it is recorded that he let out a "ghastly inhuman howl," much to the delight and merriment of the spectators. Finally, his corpse was beheaded, his body cut into four pieces, and his head was mounted on the gates of London. Mortimer and Isabella feasted with their chief supporters, as they watched the execution...

After his death, his widow asked to be given the body so she could bury it at the family's Gloucestershire estate, but only the head, a thigh bone and a few vertebrae were returned to her.[2]



Children from this marriage were:

+ 186 M    i. Philip Le Despenser, of Stoke, Gloucestershire 195 was born about 1244 in <Gloucestershire, > England and died on 24 Sep 1313 about age 69.

+ 187 F    ii. Isabel le Despenser 196 197 was born in 1312 and died in 1356 at age 44.

Eleanor next married William La Zouche 198 in 1327. William died in 1337. Another name for William was William de Mortimer.

171. Margaret de Clare 169 170 171 172 (Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal159, Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln146, Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1 Apr 1287 in Bunratty Castle, Thomond, Ireland and died between 22 Oct 1333 and 8 Jan 1334.

Research Notes: Youngest of 4 children.

"Heiress to her nephew Thomas de Clare, son of Richard de Clare, 2nd son of Thomas and Juliane... She was therefore sister to Richard, 2nd son, and to Thomas, 1st son..." -- Ancestral Roots, Line 54-32.

Also www.thepeerage.com
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From Wikipedia - Margaret de Clare, Lady Badlesmere :

Margaret de Clare (c.1 April 1287 - 22 October 1333/ 3 January 1334) was a Norman -Irish noblewoman and the wife of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere .[1]In 1321, she was arrested and imprisoned in the Tower of London for refusing Isabella of France , Queen consort of King Edward II , admittance to Leeds Castle of which her husband, Lord Badlesmere, was castellan .

Family
Margaret was born at Bunratty Castle in Thomond , Ireland on or about 1 April 1287, the youngest child of Thomas de Clare , Lord of Thomond and Juliana FitzGerald of Offaly . Her paternal grandparents were Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy . Her maternal grandparents were Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly and Maud de Prendergast (born 17 March 1243), daughter of Gerald de Prendergast and a de Burgh daughter whose first name is not known. Margaret's maternal ancestors included Brian Boru , Dermot McMurrough , and Maud de Braose .

Margaret had an elder sister, Maud and two brothers, Richard de Clare, 1st Lord Clare , who was killed at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea in 1318, and Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond.[2]

On 29 August 1287, when she was almost five months of age, her father died. Her mother married her second husband, Nicholas Avenel sometime afterwards.

Margaret was co-heiress to her nephew Thomas de Clare, son of her brother Richard, by which she inherited the manors of Plashes in Standon, Hertfordshire and lands in Thomond, Limerick and Cork in 1321 upon the death of Thomas.[3]

Marriages
Before 1303, she married firstly, Gilbert de Umfraville, son of Gilbert de Umphraville, Earl of Angus, and Elizabeth Comyn. Upon their marriage, the Earl of Angus granted Gilbert and Margaret the manors of Hambleton and Market Overton. When Gilbert died childless, sometime before 1307, the manors passed to Margaret.
Sometime before 30 June 1308, she married secondly, Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere ,(1275 -14 April 1322 ) an English baron and Governor of Bristol Castle, by whom she had five children.[4] She was styled as Lady Badlesmere on 26 October 1309 , and henceforth known by that title.[5]

Leeds Castle
Lord Badlesmere was appointed castellan of the Royal Castle of Leeds in Kent , by Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster , Regent of King Edward II . In October 1321, the queen consort Isabella of France went on a pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Thomas at Canterbury . She decided to break her journey by stopping at Leeds Castle, which was given to her as part of her dowry[6] Bartholomew was away at the time leaving Margaret in charge of the castle. Due to her dislike of Isabella as well as her own belligerent character, she refused the Queen admittance, and subsequently ordered her archers to fire upon Queen Isabella when she approached the outer barbican . When King Edward heard of the treatment meted out to his consort by Margaret, he sent an expeditionary force to the castle. After a successful assault of the castle, with the King's troops using ballistas , the defenders surrendered, and Margaret was seized and sent to the Tower of London .[7]
As a result of Margaret's arrest, Lord Badlesmere joined Lancaster's rebellion and fought in the Battle of Boroughbridge on 16 March 1322. He was arrested and afterward hanged for treason on 14 April 1322. Margaret remained imprisoned in the Tower until 3 November 1322.[2] She was released from the Tower, due to the successful mediation, on her behalf, of her son-in-law William de Ros. She retired to the convent house of the Minorite Sisters, outside Aldgate .[8]

In 1328, her son Giles obtained a reversal of his father's attainder and succeeded to the barony as the 2nd Baron Badlesmere.
Margaret died between 22 October 1333 and 3 January 1334.[9]

List of children
Margery de Badlesmere (1308/1309- 18 October 1363), married before 25 November 1316, William de Ros, 3rd Baron de Ros of Hamlake. (c.1290- 3 February 1343[10]), by whom she had six children.
Maud de Badlesmere (1310- 24 May 1366), married firstly Robert FitzPayn, and secondly, John de Vere, 7th Earl of Oxford . By her second marriage, Maud had seven children.
Elizabeth de Badlesmere (1313- 8 June 1356), married firstly Sir Edmund Mortimer , and secondly, William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton . Both marriages produced children.
Giles de Badlesmere, 2nd Baron Badlesmere (18 October 1314 - 7 June 1338 , married Elizabeth Montagu, by whom he had four daughters.
Margaret de Badlesmere (born 1315), married John Tiptoft, 2nd Lord Tiptoft, by whom she had one son, Robert Tiptoft.

Margaret married Gilbert d' Umfreville, Earl of Angus,199 son of Gilbert d' Umfreville and Maud, in 1289. Gilbert was born in 1244 and died before 13 Oct 1307.

Research Notes: 1st husband of Margaret de Clare.

Margaret next married Bartholomew de Badlesmere, of Badlesmere & Chilham Castle, Kent,170 200 201 son of Sir Guncelin de Badlesmere, of Badlesmere, Kent and Joan FitzBernard, before 30 Jun 1308. Bartholomew was born about 1275 and died on 14 Apr 1322 in Canterbury, Kent, England about age 47. Another name for Bartholomew was Bartholomew de Badelsmer of Leeds Castle.

Death Notes: Hanged for treason against King Edward II of England

Research Notes: 2nd husband of Margaret de Clare.

From Wikipedia - Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere :
Bartholomew Badlesmere (1275 - 14 April 1322 ), English nobleman, was the son and heir of Gunselm de Badlesmere (died 1301), and fought in the English army both in France and Scotland during the later years of the reign of Edward I of England .

Life
In 1307 he became governor of Bristol Castle . Edward II appointed him steward of his household. Badlesmere made a compact with some other noblemen to gain supreme influence in the royal council. Although very hostile to Thomas, Earl of Lancaster , Badlesmere helped to make peace between the king and the earl in 1318, and was a member of the middle party which detested alike Edward's minions, like the Despensers , and his violent enemies like Lancaster.
The king's conduct, however, drew him to the side of the earl, and he had already joined Edward's enemies when, in October 1321, his wife, Margaret de Clare, Lady Badlesmere refused to admit Queen Isabella to her husband's castle at Leeds in Kent . The king assaulted and captured the castle, seized and imprisoned Lady Badlesmere, and civil war began.
After the defeat of the Earl of Lancaster at the Battle of Boroughbridge , Badlesmere was captured, attainted, and hanged at Blean near Canterbury on April 14 , 1322 . His head was displayed on the Burgh Gate at Canterbury. His son and heir, Giles, died in 1338 leaving four daughters, but no sons.

Family
His son and heir, Giles, died in 1338 leaving four daughters, but no sons. His daughter Elizabeth de Badlesmere (1313-8 June 1356), was married firstly (27 June 1316) to the Hon. Edmund Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer (1302-17 December 1331), Lord Mortimer, eldest son of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville, Baroness Geneville . Both were the parents of Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March .
See also the history of Chilham Castle , which was held from time to time by his descendants until the reign of King Henry VIII .

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From www.thepeerage.com:
Bartholomew Badlesmere (1275 - 14 April 1322), English nobleman, was the son and heir of Gunselm de Badlesmere (died 1301), and fought in the English army both in France and Scotland during the later years of the reign of Edward I of England. In 1307 he became governor of Bristol Castle. Edward II appointed him steward of his household. Badlesmere made a compact with some other noblemen to gain supreme influence in the royal council. Although very hostile to Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, Badlesmere helped to make peace between the king and the earl in 1318, and was a member of the middle party which detested alike Edward's minions, like the Despensers, and his violent enemies like Lancaster. The king's conduct, however, drew him to the side of the earl, and he had already joined Edward's enemies when, in October 1321, his wife, Margaret de Clare, refused to admit Queen Isabella to her husband's castle at Leeds in Kent. The king assaulted and captured the castle, seized and imprisoned Lady Badlesmere, and civil war began. After the defeat of the Earl of Lancaster at the Battle of Boroughbridge, Badlesmere was captured and hanged at Canterbury on April 14, 1322. His son and heir, Giles, died without children in 1338. His daughter Elizabeth Badlesmere, 3rd Baroness Badlesmere (1313-8 June 1356), was married (27 June 1316) to the Hon. Edmund Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer (1302-17 December 1331), Lord Mortimer, eldest son of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joane de Geneville, Baroness Geneville. Both were the parents of Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March.

Noted events in his life were:

• 1st Lord Badlesmere:

• Steward of the King's household:

• Ambassador to France, Savoy, and the Pope:

Children from this marriage were:

+ 188 F    i. Margery de Badlesmere 202 was born in 1306 and died on 18 Oct 1363 at age 57.

+ 189 F    ii. Elizabeth de Badlesmere 170 203 204 205 was born about 1313 in Castle Badlesmere, Kent, England, died on 8 Jun 1356 about age 43, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

+ 190 F    iii. < > de Badlesmere, Countess of Oxford .

+ 191 F    iv. Roos de Badlesmere .

172. Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne 175 176 177 (Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1313, died on 24 Jan 1376 in Arundel, West Sussex, England about age 63, and was buried in Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England. Other names for Richard were Richard of Arundel, Sir Richard de Arundel, and Richard FitzAlan d'Arundel 9th Ear;l of Arundel.

Research Notes: When John II de Warenne died without legal issue on 29 June 1347, Richard FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel, was the next heir in blood through his mother, Alice de Warenne, John's sister.
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From Wikipedia - Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel :

Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel (c. 1307 - January 24, 1376) was an English nobleman and military leader.

Fitzalan was the eldest son of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, and Alice Warenne. His maternal grandparents were William de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey and Joan de Vere. William was the only son of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey.

His birthdate is uncertain, but could not have been before 1307. Around 1321, FitzAlan's father allied with King Edward II's (also an ancestor) favorites, the Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester (also an ancestor) and his namesake son, and Richard was married to Isabel le Despenser, daughter of Hugh the Younger. Fortune turned against the Despenser party, and in 1326, FitzAlan's father was executed, and he did not succeed to his father's estates or titles.

However, political conditions had changed by 1330, and over the next few years Richard was gradually able to reacquire the Earldom of Arundel as well as the great estates his father had held in Sussex and in the Welsh Marches. Beyond this, in 1334 he was made justice of North Wales (later his term in this office was made for life), sheriff for life of Caernarvonshire, and governor of Caernarfon Castle.

His daughter Joan was the mother of Mary de Bohun who would marry King of England Henry IV.

Noted events in his life were:

• Earl of Arundel: 1331.

• Lord of Bromfield (Wrexham) and Yale: 30 Jun 1347. upon the death of his uncle, John II de Warenne.

• Inherited: castles of Caerleon (Holt) and Dinas Bran, 30 Jun 1347.

• Did homage: to Edward III, 24 Oct 1353. for Bromfield and Yale as immediately subject to the Crown.

Richard married Isabel le Despenser,196 197 daughter of Sir Hugh le Despenser, Baron Despenser and Eleanor de Clare, on 9 Feb 1321. Marriage status: annulment in Dec 1344. Isabel was born in 1312 and died in 1356 at age 44. Another name for Isabel was Isabel Despenser.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Isabel le Despenser, Countess of Arundel :

Isabel le Despenser (1312 - 1356) was the eldest daughter of Hugh the younger Despenser and Eleanor de Clare . Her father is famous for being the favorite of Edward II of England .

Early Life
After their father was executed for treason in 1326, Isabel and her youngest sister Elizabeth le Despenser were the only daughters of Hugh the Younger to escape being confined in nunneries, Isabel because she was already married and Elizabeth because of her youth.

Marriage and Annulment
On 9 February 1321 Isabel was married to Richard Fitzalan , the heir to the earldom of Arundel.
Richard and Isabel had one son, Edmund Fitzalan, born in 1327, and in 1331 Isabel's husband became earl of Arundel . However in December 1344 Richard Fitzalan had their marriage annulled on the grounds that he had never freely consented to marry Isabel. Isabel retired to several manors in Essex that were given to her by her ex-husband.

Richard and Isabel's only child, Edmund Fitzalan, was rendered illegitimate by this annulment and so was unable to inherit his father's earldom. When his father died in 1376 Edmund quarrelled with his half-siblings, the children of his father's second marriage, over inheritance rights. Edmund was imprisoned in the Tower of London until he was released in 1377 by request of his brothers-in-law.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 192 F    i. Isabel FitzAlan 206 died on 29 Aug 1396.

Richard next married Eleanor, of Lancaster,160 161 daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester and Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester, on 5 Feb 1345 in Ditton Church, Stokes Poges, Buckinghamshire, England. Eleanor was born about 1318 in England, died on 11 Jan 1372 in Arundel Castle, West Sussex, England about age 54, and was buried in Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England. Another name for Eleanor was Eleanor Plantagenet.

Marriage Notes: Wikipedia

Research Notes: Second wife of Richard (FitzAlan) d'Arundel.

From Wikipedia - Eleanor of Lancaster :

Eleanor of Lancaster (sometimes called Eleanor Plantagenet 1) (about 1315 - 11 January 1372 ) was born as the fifth daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster (c. 1281-1345) and his wife Maud Chaworth (1282-1322).


First marriage and offspring
Sometime between September 1 and November 6 , 1330 , she married John de Beaumont, 2nd Lord Beaumont , son of Henry Beaumont, 4th Earl of Buchan (c. 1288 - 1340) and his wife Alice Comyn (c. 1291-1349). They had two children:
Henry Beaumont, 3rd Lord Beaumont , born 1340
Matilda Beaumont (died July 1467), married Hugh de Courtenay
Eleanor was a lady-in-waiting to Queen Philippa , and was in service to her in Ghent when her son Henry was born. John de Beaumont died in a tournament on 14 April 1342 .

Second marriage
On 5 February 1344 at Ditton Church , Stoke Poges , Buckinghamshire , she married Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel (9th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots), 4th Earl of Surrey, known by the soubriquet of "Copped Hat", Justiciar of North Wales, Governor of Carnarvon Castle, Admiral of the West.2

His previous marriage, to Isabel le Despenser , had taken place when they were children. It was annulled by Papal mandate as she, since her father's attainder and execution, had ceased to be of any importance to him. Pope Clement VI obligingly annulled the marriage, bastardized the issue, and provided a dispensation for his second marriage to the woman with whom he had been living in adultery (the dispensation, dated 4 March 1344 /1345 , was required because his first and second wives were first cousins).
The children of Eleanor's second marriage were:
Richard (1346-1397), who succeeded as Earl of Arundel
John Fitzalan (bef 1349-1379)
Thomas Arundel , Archbishop of York (c. 1345-February 19 , 1413 )
Joan Fitzalan (bef. 1351-April 17 , 1419 ), married Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford
Alice Fitzalan (1352 -March 17 , 1416 ), married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent (Thomas Holand)

Eleanor died at Arundel and was buried at Lewes Priory in Lewes , Sussex , England. Her husband was buried beside her; in his will Richard requests to be buried "near to the tomb of Eleanor de Lancaster, my wife; and I desire that my tomb be no higher than hers, that no men at arms, horses, hearse, or other pomp, be used at my funeral, but only five torches...as was about the corpse of my wife, be allowed."

Sources
Fowler, Kenneth. The King's Lieutenant, 1969
Nicolas, Nicholas Harris. Testamenta Vetusta, 1826.
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 17-30, 21-30, 28-33, 97-33, 114-31

Notes
1The surname "Plantagenet" has been retrospectively applied to the descendants of Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou and Empress Matilda without historical justification: it is simply a convenient, if deceptive, method of referring to people who had, in fact, no surname. The first descendant of Geoffrey to use the surname was Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (father of both Edward IV of England and Richard III of England ) who apparently assumed it about 1448.
2also called Richard de Arundel.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 193 M    i. Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey 207 208 209 210 was born in 1346 in <Arundel, West Sussex>, England and died on 21 Sep 1397 in Cheapside, London, England at age 51.

+ 194 M    ii. John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel and Lord Maltravers 211 212 was born about 1348 in Etchingham, Sussex, England and died on 16 Dec 1379 about age 31.

+ 195 F    iii. Joan FitzAlan 213 was born about 1348, died on 17 Apr 1419 about age 71, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

+ 196 M    iv. Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of York 160 was born about 1350 and died on 19 Feb 1413 about age 63.

+ 197 F    v. Alice FitzAlan 160 was born in 1350 and died on 17 Mar 1416 at age 66.

173. Sir Roger Puleston, of Emral 150 179 180 181 (Angharad de Warenne, of Warren Hall, Salop162, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1308.

Research Notes: Second son of Sir Richard Puleston of Emral. He was the first to marry a Welsh lady.

The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd , Vol. II has from Cae Cyriog M.S.; Lewys Dwnn, vol ii: "Madog of Bers, 2nd son of Robert Puleston of Emrall, ab Richard ab Sir Roger Puleston."

----
From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales, Vol. I,p. 455:
"Sir Roger Puleston, Kt., of Emral, who was the first to marry a Welsh lady. His wife was Margaret, dau. of Gruffydd ap Llewelyn ab Ynyr of Iâl, and by her he had three sons. The eldest, John, d. s. p., and was succeeded by the 2nd son,--Richard Puleston, Esq., of Emral, who by his wife Lleiky, or Lucy, dau. of Madog Voel ap Ievan, had several children."
------------
From The Cambrian Quarterly Magazine and Celtic Repertory, Vol. II., p.171:
"In the reign of Edward I., one of [John Puleston's] ancestors, Sir Roger Puleston, was roughly handled by the insurgent Welsh, at Caernarvon."

Roger married Margaret verch Gruffydd ap Llewelyn, of Iâl,150 daughter of Gruffydd ap Llewelyn ap Ynyr and Unknown,.

Research Notes: From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales, Vol. I, p. 455:

"Sir Roger Puleston, Kt., of Emral, who was the first to marry a Welsh lady. His wife was Margaret, dau. of Gruffydd ap Llewelyn ab Ynyr of Iâl, and by her he had three sons. The eldest, John, d. s. p., and was succeeded by the 2nd son,--Richard Puleston, Esq., of Emral, who by his wife Lleiky, or Lucy, dau. of Madog Voel ap Ievan, had several children."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 198 M    i. Richard Puleston, Esq. of Emral was born about 1322 in Emral, Flintshire, Wales and died about 1388 about age 66.

+ 199 M    ii. John Puleston .

174. Eleanor de Bohun 185 (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in Oct 1304 and died on 7 Oct 1363 at age 59. Another name for Eleanor was Alianore de Bohun.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 7-30

Also Source: Wikipedia - Elizabeth of Rhuddlan

Eleanor married James le Botiller, 1st Earl of Ormond,214 son of Edmund Botiller, Justiciar and Governor of Ireland and Joan FitzGerald, in 1327. James was born about 1305 and died on 6 Jan 1338 about age 33. Another name for James was James Butler Earl of Ormond.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 200 M    i. James Botiller, 2nd Earl of Ormond was born on 4 Oct 1331 in Kilkenny, Ireland and died in 1382 at age 51.

+ 201 F    ii. Petronilla Botiller 215 died about 1368.

175. John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 23 Nov 1306 and died in 1335 at age 29.

176. Agnes de Bohun (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in Nov 1309.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Elizabeth of Rhuddlan

177. Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford 186 (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 6 Dec 1309, died on 15 Oct 1361 in Pleshey Castle, Essex, England at age 51, and was buried in Friars Augustine, London.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford :

Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford, 5th Earl of Essex (6 December 1309 - 15 October 1361 ) was a Lord High Constable of England.

Lineage
He was born to Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth Plantagenet and a younger brother of John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford . He succeeded his elder brother as Earl of Hereford and Essex upon his death on 20 January 1336. He also succeeded John as the Lord High Constable of England , the seventh highest office of the State.

Death & Burial
After his death in Pleshey , Essex he was buried in Friars Augustine , London . The Earldoms of Hereford and Essex were passed to his nephew, Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford , the son of his younger brother William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton , who predeceased him.

178. Margaret de Bohun 97 187 (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 3 Apr 1311 in Caldecote, Northamptonshire, England, died on 16 Dec 1391 in Exeter, Devonshire, England at age 80, and was buried in Exeter Cathedral, Devonshire, England.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Margaret de Bohun, 2nd Countess of Devon :

Margaret de Bohun, 2nd Countess of Devon (3 April 1311 - 16 December 1391 ) was an English noblewoman of the fourteenth century who lived most of her life in the county of Devonshire . She was a granddaughter of King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile . Her eighteen children included an Archbishop of Canterbury and six knights.


Family and marriage
Lady Margaret de Bohun was born on 3 April 1311 at Caldecote, Northampton , the third daughter and sixth child of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford , Lord Constable of England and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan . Her paternal grandparents were Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and Maud de Fiennes , and her maternal grandparents were King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile .

Margaret was left an orphan shortly before her tenth birthday. On 16 March 1321 at The Battle of Boroughbridge , her father was brutally murdered in an ambush by the Welsh. Her mother had died five years previously in childbirth.

She, along with her siblings, received a classical education under a Sicilian Greek, Master Diogenes. As a result, Margaret became a lifelong scholar, and avid book collector.

At the age of fourteen, on 11 August 1325 Lady Margaret married Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon (12 July 1303 - 2 May 1377 ). She had been betrothed to him since 27 September 1314 . He was the son of Hugh Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon and Agnes St.John. Part of her dowry was the manor of Powderham, near Exeter . Margaret assumed the title of 2nd Countess of Devon on 23 December 1340 .

Her eldest brother John de Bohun (23 November 1306 -20 January 1336 ) succeeded as 5th Earl of Hereford in 1326, having married Alice Fitzalan of Arundel in 1325. She had a younger brother William de Bohun (1312- 1360), who was created 1st Earl of Northampton in 1337 by King Edward III . He married Elizabeth de Badlesmere , by whom he had two children. Margaret's elder sister Lady Eleanor de Bohun (17 October 1304 -7 October 1363 ), married in 1327, her first husband, James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde . They were the ancestors of Anne Boleyn .

Hugh and Margaret had a total of eighteen children. More than half reached adulthood. Their notable descendants include Charles, Prince of Wales , and British Prime Minister , Sir Winston Churchill .

List of Children
Sir Hugh Courtenay KG (22 March 1327 Tiverton Castle, Devon -2 September 1349 ), married 1341 Lady Elizabeth Brian (died 23 September 1375 , daughter of Guy Brian, Lord of Tor-Brian. Together they had one son, Hugh.(Born 1343).
Sir Edward Courtenay of Godlington.(1329- 1372), married in 1356 Emmeline Dauney, by whom he had issue.
Margaret Courtenay.(1328 - 2 August 1385 ), married John Cobham, 3rd Lord Cobham by whom she had issue.
Sir Thomas Courtenay (1331- before 1374)
Sir Phillip Courtenay of Powderham, Lord Deputy of Ireland . (1340 - 29 July 1406 ), married Anne Wake by whom he had issue, including Richard Courtenay, Bishop of Norwich .
Elizabeth Courtenay. (c.1333- 7 August 1395 ), married firstly, John de Vere (1335-1350); she married secondly in 1359, Sir Andrew Luttrell by whom she had issue.
Catherine Courtenay.(1335-31 December 1399. She was married three times: William Mohun , Thomas Engain , and Lord William Harrington
Joan Courtenay. (born 1337), married John Chiverton
Matilda Courtenay (born 1339)
Eleanor Courtenay
Guinora Courtenay (born 1348)
Isabel Courtenay (born 1353)
Philippa Courtenay (born 1357)
William Courtenay (1342 St. Martin's, Exeter- 31 July 1396), Archbishop of Canterbury, and previously of London (1381-1396)
John Courtenay (born 1346)
Sir Peter Courtenay, Constable of Windsor(1349 -2 February 1404 ), married Margaret Clyveden
Sir Humphrey Courtenay (born c.1355)
Anne Courtenay (born 1351), died unmarried.


Death
Margaret died on 16 December 1391 at the age of eighty. She is buried in Exeter Cathedral .

Margaret married Hugh de Courtenay,97 son of Hugh de Courtenay and Agnes Saint John, on 11 Aug 1325. Hugh was born on 12 Jul 1303 in Okehampton, Devonshire, England, died on 2 May 1377 in Exeter, Devonshire, England at age 73, and was buried in Exeter Cathedral, Devonshire, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 202 F    i. Margaret Courtenay 97 was born about 1326 in <Exeter, Devonshire>, England, died on 2 Aug 1385 about age 59, and was buried on 2 Aug 1385 in Cobham, Kent, England.

179. Sir William de Bohun, K.G., 1st Earl of Northampton 188 189 (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1311 and died on 16 Sep 1360 about age 49.

Research Notes: He was the twin of Edward de Bohun.

From Wikipedia - William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton:

He was the fifth son of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan . He had a twin brother, Edward. His maternal grandparents were Edward I of England and his first Queen consort Eleanor of Castile .

In 1332 he received many new properties: Hinton and Spaine in Berkshire; Hasley, Ascot, Dedington, Pyrton and Kirklington in Oxfordshire; Wincomb in Buckinghamshire; Longbenington in Lincolnshire; Kneesol in Bottinghamshire; Newnsham in Gloucestershire, Wix in Essex, and Bosham in Sussex. He was created Earl of Northampton in 1337 , adding to the titles of Count of Hereford and Essex.

In 1339 he accompanied the King to Flanders. He served variously in Brittany and in Scotland , and was present at the great English victories at Sluys and was a commander at Crécy .

In addition to being a warrior, William was also a renowned diplomat. He negotiated two treaties with France, one in 1343 and one in 1350. He was also charged with negotiating in Scotland for the freedom of David Bruce, prisoner of the English.

De Bohun was succeeded by his son Humphrey , who also succeeded his uncle and became 7th earl of Hereford. His daughter Elizabeth de Bohun was married to Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel .

Noted events in his life were:

• 6th Earl of Northampton: 16 Mar 1337.

William married Elizabeth de Badlesmere,170 203 204 205 daughter of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, of Badlesmere & Chilham Castle, Kent and Margaret de Clare,. Elizabeth was born about 1313 in Castle Badlesmere, Kent, England, died on 8 Jun 1356 about age 43, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England. Another name for Elizabeth was Elizabeth de Badelsmer.

Death Notes: Wikipedia (or some other source) has d. 8 Jun 1356. This contradicts Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, Edited by Thomas Allen Glenn at the request of Howard Reifsnyder, privately printed, Philadelphia, 1902, provided by http://books.google.com, pp. 49, which has 5 Jun 1378, taken from the inscription on a table in Black Friars church, London.

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, pp. 49-50:

"II WILLIAM DE BOHUN, Earl of Northampton and Knight of the Garter, who died 1360. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Bartholomew de Badelsmer--Lord Badelsmer, of Leeds Castle, County Kent, who was beheaded at Canterbury, 1322. The will of this Elizabeth is dated 1356, being executed prior to her husband's decease, but she did not die until 1378, as appears by the following inscription on a tablet erected to her memory in Black Friars, London:

"'Here lieth the body of Lady Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir Bartholomew Balitismer, wife of William Bohun, Earl of Northampton, and mother of the Earles of March and Northampton, and of Elizabeth, Countess of Arundell. She died 5id of June, anno Christi, 1378.' She was interred before the high altar..
--Weever's Funeral Monuments, page 77].

"Her will was as follows:
'I, Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Northampton, on the last day of May 1356, with the leave of my husband to make this my will. My body to be buried in the choir of the Church of the Friar preachers, London: to that church C. Marks sterling, and also the cross made of the very wood of our Saviour's Cross, which I was wont to carry about me, and wherein is contained one of the thorns of his crown; also I bequeath to the said Church two fine acton clothes of one suit, two of cloth of gold, one chalice, one missal, one graile, and one silver bell, likewise thirty-one ells of linen cloth for making of abes, on pulpitary, one portfory, and an holy water pot of silver; to the Friars Preachers of Oxford one hundred marks, two cloths of gold of one suit and one chalice; to the Friars Preachers of Cambridge, fifty pounds; to those of Chelmsford, twenty pounds; to those of Exeter, twenty pounds; also I will that one hundred and fifty marks be distributed to several other convents of Friar Preachers, in such manner as Friar David de Stirington shall think best, for my soul's health; to the Grey Friars in London, five marks; to the Augustines, five marks; to the Churches of Rochford, one pair of vestments which I used on holidays in my own Chapel; to the Earl of Hereford, my lord, a tablet of gold with the form of a crucifix thereon; to Humphrey, my son, a cup of silver, gilt with two basons and one ewer of silver; to Elizabeth, my daughter, a bed of Red Worsted embroided; to my sister, the Countess of Oxford, a black horse and a nonche; to my sister, Roos, a set of beads of gold and jet, with a firmaile.' [Testamenta Vetusta, Nichol. Page 60: et Dugdale, Vol. I., page 180.] William de Bohun and Elizabeth, his wife, had issue: [Lady Elizabeth de Bohun]"
--------
From Wikipedia - Elizabeth de Badlesmere :

Elizabeth de Badlesmere, Countess of Northampton (1313- 8 June 1356) was the wife of two English noblemen, Sir Edmund Mortimer and William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton . She was a co-heiress of her brother Giles de Badlesmere, 2nd Baron Badlesmere .

Family
Elizabeth was born at Castle Badlesmere , Kent , England in 1313 to Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare . She was the third of four daughters. She had one younger brother Giles de Badlesmere, 2nd Baron Badlesmere (18 October 1314- 7 June 1338) who married Elizabeth Montagu, by whom he had four daughters.
Her paternal grandparents were Guncelin de Badlesmere and Joan FitzBernard. Her maternal grandparents were Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond and Juliana FitzGerald of Offaly .

Elizabeth's father was hanged on 14 April 1322 for treason against King Edward II of England , and her mother imprisoned in the Tower of London until 3 November 1322. She had been arrested the previous October for refusing Queen Isabella admittance to Leeds Castle , where Lord Badlesmere held the post of castellan .[1]

In 1328, Elizabeth's brother Giles obtained a reversal of his father's attainder , and he succeeded to the barony as the 2nd Baron Badlesmere. Elizabeth, along with her three sisters, was a co-heiress of Giles who had no male issue. Upon his death in 1338, the barony fell fell into abeyance. The Badlesmere estates were divided between the four sisters.

Marriages and children
On 27 June 1316, when she was just three years old, Elizabeth married her first husband Sir Edmund Mortimer (1310- 16 December 1331)[2] son of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville . The marriage produced two sons:
Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March (11 November 1328 Ludlow Castle - 26 February 1360), married Philippa Montacute, daughter of William Montacute, 1st Earl of Salisbury and Catherine Grandison , by whom he had issue, including Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March ).
John Mortimer (died young)

In 1335, just over three years after the death of Edmund Mortimer, Elizabeth married secondly William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton (1312- 1360), fifth son of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan . He was a renowned military commander and diplomat.
By her second marriage, Elizabeth had two more children:[3]
Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford 6th Earl of Essex, 2nd Earl of Northampton (24 March 1342- 16 January 1373), after 9 September 1359, married Joan Fitzalan , by whom he had two daughters, Eleanor de Bohun Duchess of Gloucester, and Mary de Bohun , wife of Henry of Bolingbroke (who later reigned as King Henry IV ).

Elizabeth de Bohun (c.1350- 3 April 1385), on 28 September 1359, married Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel , by whom she had seven children including Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel , Elizabeth FitzAlan and Lady Joan FitzAlan , Baroness Bergavenny.

Death
Elizabeth de Badlesmere died on 8 June 1356. She was about forty-three years old. She was buried in Walden Abbey , Essex . Her many descendants included Kings Henry V of England and Edward IV of England , Anne Mortimer , Anne Boleyn , Mary Boleyn , and Diana, Princess of Wales .


Children from this marriage were:

+ 203 M    i. Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, Earl of Essex & Northampton 216 217 was born in 1342, died on 16 Jan 1373 at age 31, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

+ 204 F    ii. Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel 209 218 219 was born about 1350 and died on 3 Apr 1385 about age 35.

180. Edward de Bohun 153 (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1312 and died in 1334 at age 22.

Research Notes: Twin of William de Bohun

181. Eneas de Bohun (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1313 and died after 1322.

Death Notes: Sources have varying death dates. One has aft 1322. Another has 1343.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Elizabeth of Rhuddlan

182. Maud de Beauchamp 37 (Thomas de Beauchamp164, Alice de Toeni151, Ralph de Toeni137, Ralph de Toeni122, Roger de Toeni111, Ralph de Toeni, de Conches106, Roger de Toeni, de Conches100, Alice Huntingdon93, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1335 in <Warwick, Warwickshire>, England and died in Jan 1403 about age 68.

Maud married Baron Roger de Clifford, Lord of Appleby and Cumberland,79 159 son of Robert II de Clifford and Isabel Berkeley, about 1356 in Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England. Roger was born on 10 Jul 1333 in <Cumberland>, England, died on 13 Jul 1390 in Brough Castle, Under Stainmoor Brough, Westmorland, England at age 57, and was buried in Shap Abbey, Westmorland, England.

Research Notes: 5th Baron de Clifford

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I58877

OCCUPATION: Lord Clifford, Sheriff of Cumberland, Governor of Carlisle Castle, 1377Roger d e Clifford, Lord of Westmoreland, m. Maud, dau. of Thomas Beauchamp, 3rd Earl of Warwick, an d d. 13 July, 1390, having had, with four daus., three sons, Thomas, his heir, William, and L ewis. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage , Ltd., London, 1883, p. 122, Clifford, Earls of Cumberland and Barons Clifford

Also Wikipedia "Baron de Clifford"

(Duplicate Line. See Person 166)

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183. Isabel Lathom 190 191 (Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1364 and died on 26 Oct 1414 about age 50. Other names for Isabel were Isabel Latham, Isabel de Lathom, and Isabella de Lathom.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. abt 1364

Death Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has d. 26 Oct 1414

Research Notes: www.whitneygen.org/archives/biography/princewm.html

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 37-34. Daughter of Sir Thomas de Lathom, probably by his first wife. His second wife was Joan.

Isabel married Sir John de Stanley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and Lord of Man,157 220 221 222 223 son of William de Stanlegh, Lord of Stanlegh and Storeton and Cecily Congleton, in or bef 1385. John was born in 1340, died 6 Jan 1413 or 1414 in Ardee, Ireland at age 73, and was buried Jan 1413 or 1414 in Burscough Priory near Ormskirk, Lancashire, England. Another name for John was John I Stanley Lord Lieutenant of Ireland & King of Mann.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. abt 1356.

http://stanleyroots.co.uk/thenorthwest.htm has b. 1340, d. 1414

Death Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has d. 6 Jan 1414 or 1415

http://stanleyroots.co.uk/thenorthwest.htm has b. 1340, d. 1414.

Burial Notes: Died in Ireland. His body was returned to Lathom (England) and buried in Burscough Priory near Ormskirk.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - John II Stanley of the Isle of Man :

Sir John Stanley, K.G. (c. 1350 - 1414 ), was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and titular King of Mann , the first of that name. The Stanley family later became the Earls of Derby and remained prominent in English history into modern times.

In 1405 he was granted the tenure of the Isle of Man by Henry IV , which had been confiscated from the rebellious Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland .
He held the following offices:-
Lord Deputy of Ireland between 1386 and 1388.1
Justiciary Ireland between 1389 and 1391.
Justice of Chester in 1394
Controller of the Royal Household in 1399
Lieutenant of Ireland between 1399 and 1401
Steward of the Household to the Prince of Wales circa 1403, later King Henry V
Surveyor of the Forests of Macclesfield , Mare and Mondrem, Cheshire in 1403
Governor of the City and County of Cheshire in 1403
He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) circa 1405
Steward of Macclesfield in 1406
He was granted the Isle, Castle, peel and Lordship of Mann, by King Henry IV of England
Sovereign Lord of the Isle of Man in 1406
Constable of Windsor Castle in 1409
Lieutenant of Ireland between 1413 and 1419

----------

From The Baronetage of England, p. 206:
"William, his son, lord of Stanley, &c. living 26 Edw. III, married Alicia, daughter of Hugh Massey, de Timperly, sister to Sir Hamond Massey, Knt. and had issue by her William de Stanley, lord of Stanley, &c. living 10 Rich. II. Henry, Matildes, and John... John, the younger brother of William aforesaid, married Isabella, daughter and heir of Thomas de Leatham, Knt. (lord of Leatham in Lancashire); from whence are descended the earls of Derby, who have so worthily exerted themselves for their King and country, as is evident in the history of England."
---------

From http://stanleyroots.co.uk/thenorthwest.htm

"William the Elder's younger brother Sir John de Stanleigh (1340-1414) may also have had other 'younger' sons such as Robert Stanley of Cheshire (see Peter E. Stanley's 'House of Stanley' p.501 & 505), who in 1398 was granted land in Surrey (Patent Rolls). In 1413, the king's esquire Robert de Stanley was granted £20 from customs in the port of London, by Henry V; he was on the Agincourt campaign in 1415, and was again mentioned in letters patent in 1422 (Patent Rolls)..."


"The Stanleys of Lathom and Knowsley in Lancashire
The landowning Stanleys of Stanley in Staffordshire and Stourton in Cheshire established a branch in Lancashire after 1400. In 1385 Sir John de Stanleigh (1340-1414) married the heiress Isabel de Lathom, bringing into his possession in 1406 the estates of Lathom and Knowsley in Lancashire. Having served in Ireland, Sir John was created Ruler of the Isle of Man in 1405. It was his great-grandson, Sir Thomas Stanley, who was created 1st Earl of Derby in 1485, for his famous assistance to Henry Tudor at the Battle of Bosworth."
----------

From Manx Note Book
http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/people/lords/john1.htm

"Sir John was second son of William Stanley of Storeton, Master Forester of Wirral - he was a soldier with an exceptional military record and confident of Richard II who had appointed him deputy to Robert de Vere Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He married Isabel of Lathom, in 1385, when he was 40 and, due to unexpected deaths of various closer heirs, received from her large estates in southwest Lancashire and Cheshire.

"The Stanleys were adroit at joining the winning side and thus in 1399 he had joined Henry of Lancaster against Richard and, after Henry was crowned King, received several more estates in Cheshire.

"In 1405 he was granted the Lordship of Man in return for his help in suppressing the rebellion in Wales led by the Percies. Legally this was not yet Henry's to give as the current Lord, Henry de Percy, had not yet been attainted - he actually had avoided being at Shrewsbury due to illness and managed to apologise his way out, saving his head but still losing the Island!. This legal error was to cause much trouble during the disputed inheritance of 1594 and the Island was re-assigned to the Stanleys in 1610.
"Initially the grant of the Lordship was for his lifetime only, but in 1406 on payment of 1,300 marks (1 mark = 13s 4d - or for those younger than 40 £0.67) Henry granted it for posterity throwing in the captaincy of Castle Rushen , patronage of the bishropric of Sodor and Man as well as the various royalties etc. then worth some £400 per year for good measure!
"In 1408 he was sent, as Lord Lieutanant, back to Ireland where he died in 1414. His body was returned to Lathom and buried in Burscough Priory near Ormskirk."
----------
From http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/people/lords/stanleys.htm
"A brief biography, concentrating on their role in Manx affairs, is given under their separate headings; however Robertson in his Tour of 1794 makes the following, rather typical, comment concerning the Stanleys:

"'it may not be improper to observe, that their personal history, except in a few instances, is unconnected with the public transactions of the Island. Being Subjects of England, they generally resided in that country; and so long as their Lieutenants remitted the revenues of the kingdom,they supinely acquiesced in their administration. For more than three centuries this family enjoyed the regal government of Man; yet in so long a period few of them possessed the ambition or generosity to visit their subjects: and when they conferred this honour, either their interests in the Island were threatened, or their personal safety in England endangered.'

"There is a fair amount of truth in this - the Island would appear to have contributed around 20 to 25% of the Derby revenues (figures averaged from those quoted by Coward) and any political activity required them to remain either in London or more usually their Lancashire stronghold."
---------------
From Manx Note Book
http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/fulltext/hist1900/ch21.htm:

Sir John Stanley, K.G. (b. 1350? d. 1414), 1 the first of the Stanley family who ruled in Man, does not seem to have visited the island. Sir John, who in his youth had served in Aquitaine, held important posts in Ireland between 1386 and 1391, and on the Welsh and Scottish borders. We have already seen 2 how his services to Henry IV. in 1405 were rewarded. In 1409, he was made Constable of Windsor, and Henry V. sent him, in 1413, to govern Ireland, where he died in the following year. His eldest son, John (d. 1432?),3 by Isabel, daughter of Sir Thomas Latham, visited Man in his father's lifetime, when the " Barrons of Man " and the " worthiest Men and Commons " did " faith and fealtie " to him as " Heyre Apparent."4

Footnotes
1 The information about the Stanleys is taken, for the most part, from Seacome, the family historian, and the Dictionary of National Biography.
2 P. 197.
3 This is the date given by Seacome (edition of 1821, p. 41), but the Dict. of Nat. Biog. (quoting Ormerod, ii. 412; and Collins, Ed. Brydges, iii. 54) gives it as 1437.
4 Statutes, vol. i. p. 4
In 1408, some question seems to have arisen with regard to a claim made on behalf of Stephen, " heir of William Lestroppe his brother, formerly Lord of Man," against which the bishop, abbot, and clergy protested, but nothing is known of the result (Add. Chart. Manx Soc., vol. vii. pp. 247-50 ).


Noted events in his life were:

• Made: Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 1385.

• Made: Lord of Man by Henry IV, 1405. in return for his help in suppressing the Percy Rebellion in Wales, although it was not technically Henry's to give.

• Sent to Ireland: as Lord Lieutenant, 1408.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 205 M    i. Sir John de Stanley, King & Lord of the Isle of Man and the Isles, K.G. 191 224 225 was born in 1390 in <Lathom, Lancashire>, England and died on 27 Nov 1437 in Anglesey, Wales at age 47.

+ 206 M    ii. Henry Stanley was born about 1391.

+ 207 M    iii. Thomas Stanley was born about 1392 and died about 1463 about age 71.

+ 208 M    iv. Ralph Stanley was born about 1393.

+ 209 F    v. Margaret Stanley was born about 1395.

184. Baron Thomas de Clifford 79 192 (Baron Roger de Clifford, Lord of Appleby and Cumberland166, Isabel Berkeley153, Maurice de Berkeley140, Joan de Ferrers125, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1363 in Brough Castle, Under Stainmoor Brough, Westmorland, England and died on 18 Aug 1391 in Clifford Castle, Clifford, Hereford, England at age 28.

Research Notes: 6th Baron de Clifford

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I70289

OCCUPATION: Lord Clifford, Sheriff of Westmoreland, Governor of Carlisle Castle.Thomas de Cl ifford d. abroad 15th Richard II [1392], leaving by Elizabeth his wife, dau. of Thomas, Lor d Ros of Hamlake, an only son and heir, John de Clifford, Lord Clifford and Westmoreland. [Si r Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., Lon don, England, 1883, p. 123, Clifford, Earls of Cumberland and Barons Clifford]

Also Wikipedia "Baron de Clifford"

Thomas married someone.

His child was:

+ 210 M    i. John Clifford 79 was born about 1388 in <Appleby>, Westmoreland, England, was christened on 23 Apr 1389, died on 13 Mar 1422 in Meaux, Seine-et-Marne, France about age 34, and was buried in Friars Minor, Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

185. Ralph de Neville 84 (John Neville169, Ralph Neville156, Eupheme FitzRoger Clavering144, Margery La Zouche130, Helen de Quincy, of Brackley114, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1364 in <Castle Raby>, Raby With Keverstone, Durham, England, died on 21 Oct 1426 in Castle Raby, Raby With Keverstone, Durham, England at age 62, and was buried in Oct 1426 in Collegiate Church, Staindrop, Durham, England.

Ralph married someone.

His child was:

+ 211 M    i. John de Neville 84 was born about 1387 in <Raby, Durham>, England and died before 20 Mar 1420.

Ralph next married someone.

His child was:

+ 212 F    i. Catherine Neville .226

186. Philip Le Despenser, of Stoke, Gloucestershire 195 (Eleanor de Clare170, Sir Gilbert de Clare, 9th Earl of Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford158, Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln146, Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1244 in <Gloucestershire, > England and died on 24 Sep 1313 about age 69.

Philip married Margaret de Goushill,79 daughter of Ralph de Gousille, of Goxhill, Lincolnshire and Hawise FitzWarine,. Margaret was born on 12 May 1294 in <Whittingdon>, Shropshire, England, was christened in Whittingdon, Shropshire, England, and died on 29 Jul 1349 at age 55.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 213 M    i. Philip Le Despenser, of Camoys Manor, Toppesfield, Essex was born on 6 Apr 1313 in Goxhill, Lincolnshire, England and died on 23 Aug 1349 at age 36.

187. Isabel le Despenser 196 197 (Eleanor de Clare170, Sir Gilbert de Clare, 9th Earl of Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford158, Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln146, Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1312 and died in 1356 at age 44. Another name for Isabel was Isabel Despenser.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Isabel le Despenser, Countess of Arundel :

Isabel le Despenser (1312 - 1356) was the eldest daughter of Hugh the younger Despenser and Eleanor de Clare . Her father is famous for being the favorite of Edward II of England .

Early Life
After their father was executed for treason in 1326, Isabel and her youngest sister Elizabeth le Despenser were the only daughters of Hugh the Younger to escape being confined in nunneries, Isabel because she was already married and Elizabeth because of her youth.

Marriage and Annulment
On 9 February 1321 Isabel was married to Richard Fitzalan , the heir to the earldom of Arundel.
Richard and Isabel had one son, Edmund Fitzalan, born in 1327, and in 1331 Isabel's husband became earl of Arundel . However in December 1344 Richard Fitzalan had their marriage annulled on the grounds that he had never freely consented to marry Isabel. Isabel retired to several manors in Essex that were given to her by her ex-husband.

Richard and Isabel's only child, Edmund Fitzalan, was rendered illegitimate by this annulment and so was unable to inherit his father's earldom. When his father died in 1376 Edmund quarrelled with his half-siblings, the children of his father's second marriage, over inheritance rights. Edmund was imprisoned in the Tower of London until he was released in 1377 by request of his brothers-in-law.

Isabel married Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne,175 176 177 son of Sir Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne, on 9 Feb 1321. Marriage status: annulment in Dec 1344. Richard was born about 1313, died on 24 Jan 1376 in Arundel, West Sussex, England about age 63, and was buried in Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England. Other names for Richard were Richard of Arundel, Sir Richard de Arundel, and Richard FitzAlan d'Arundel 9th Ear;l of Arundel.

Research Notes: When John II de Warenne died without legal issue on 29 June 1347, Richard FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel, was the next heir in blood through his mother, Alice de Warenne, John's sister.
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From Wikipedia - Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel :

Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel (c. 1307 - January 24, 1376) was an English nobleman and military leader.

Fitzalan was the eldest son of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, and Alice Warenne. His maternal grandparents were William de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey and Joan de Vere. William was the only son of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey.

His birthdate is uncertain, but could not have been before 1307. Around 1321, FitzAlan's father allied with King Edward II's (also an ancestor) favorites, the Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester (also an ancestor) and his namesake son, and Richard was married to Isabel le Despenser, daughter of Hugh the Younger. Fortune turned against the Despenser party, and in 1326, FitzAlan's father was executed, and he did not succeed to his father's estates or titles.

However, political conditions had changed by 1330, and over the next few years Richard was gradually able to reacquire the Earldom of Arundel as well as the great estates his father had held in Sussex and in the Welsh Marches. Beyond this, in 1334 he was made justice of North Wales (later his term in this office was made for life), sheriff for life of Caernarvonshire, and governor of Caernarfon Castle.

His daughter Joan was the mother of Mary de Bohun who would marry King of England Henry IV.

Noted events in his life were:

• Earl of Arundel: 1331.

• Lord of Bromfield (Wrexham) and Yale: 30 Jun 1347. upon the death of his uncle, John II de Warenne.

• Inherited: castles of Caerleon (Holt) and Dinas Bran, 30 Jun 1347.

• Did homage: to Edward III, 24 Oct 1353. for Bromfield and Yale as immediately subject to the Crown.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 172)

188. Margery de Badlesmere 202 (Margaret de Clare171, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal159, Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln146, Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1306 and died on 18 Oct 1363 at age 57. Another name for Margery was Margaret de Badlesmere.

Margery married John Tybotot 79 before 24 Jul 1337 in Castle Badlesmere, Kent, England. John was born on 20 Jul 1313 in <Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland>, England and died on 13 Apr 1367 at age 53. Another name for John was John de Tiptoft.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 214 M    i. Robert Tiptoft 79 was born about 1340 in <Nettlestead, Suffolk>, England, was christened on 11 Jun 1341 in Nettlestead, Suffolk, England, and died on 13 Apr 1372 about age 32.

Margery next married William de Ros, 2nd Lord Ros of Helmsley 227 before 25 Nov 1326. William died on 3 Feb 1343.

Noted events in his life were:

• Member of Parliament: 1317-1340.

• Served: in Scotland, 1316-1335.

• Sheriff of Yorkshire: 1326.

189. Elizabeth de Badlesmere 170 203 204 205 (Margaret de Clare171, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal159, Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln146, Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1313 in Castle Badlesmere, Kent, England, died on 8 Jun 1356 about age 43, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England. Another name for Elizabeth was Elizabeth de Badelsmer.

Death Notes: Wikipedia (or some other source) has d. 8 Jun 1356. This contradicts Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, Edited by Thomas Allen Glenn at the request of Howard Reifsnyder, privately printed, Philadelphia, 1902, provided by http://books.google.com, pp. 49, which has 5 Jun 1378, taken from the inscription on a table in Black Friars church, London.

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, pp. 49-50:

"II WILLIAM DE BOHUN, Earl of Northampton and Knight of the Garter, who died 1360. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Bartholomew de Badelsmer--Lord Badelsmer, of Leeds Castle, County Kent, who was beheaded at Canterbury, 1322. The will of this Elizabeth is dated 1356, being executed prior to her husband's decease, but she did not die until 1378, as appears by the following inscription on a tablet erected to her memory in Black Friars, London:

"'Here lieth the body of Lady Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir Bartholomew Balitismer, wife of William Bohun, Earl of Northampton, and mother of the Earles of March and Northampton, and of Elizabeth, Countess of Arundell. She died 5id of June, anno Christi, 1378.' She was interred before the high altar..
--Weever's Funeral Monuments, page 77].

"Her will was as follows:
'I, Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Northampton, on the last day of May 1356, with the leave of my husband to make this my will. My body to be buried in the choir of the Church of the Friar preachers, London: to that church C. Marks sterling, and also the cross made of the very wood of our Saviour's Cross, which I was wont to carry about me, and wherein is contained one of the thorns of his crown; also I bequeath to the said Church two fine acton clothes of one suit, two of cloth of gold, one chalice, one missal, one graile, and one silver bell, likewise thirty-one ells of linen cloth for making of abes, on pulpitary, one portfory, and an holy water pot of silver; to the Friars Preachers of Oxford one hundred marks, two cloths of gold of one suit and one chalice; to the Friars Preachers of Cambridge, fifty pounds; to those of Chelmsford, twenty pounds; to those of Exeter, twenty pounds; also I will that one hundred and fifty marks be distributed to several other convents of Friar Preachers, in such manner as Friar David de Stirington shall think best, for my soul's health; to the Grey Friars in London, five marks; to the Augustines, five marks; to the Churches of Rochford, one pair of vestments which I used on holidays in my own Chapel; to the Earl of Hereford, my lord, a tablet of gold with the form of a crucifix thereon; to Humphrey, my son, a cup of silver, gilt with two basons and one ewer of silver; to Elizabeth, my daughter, a bed of Red Worsted embroided; to my sister, the Countess of Oxford, a black horse and a nonche; to my sister, Roos, a set of beads of gold and jet, with a firmaile.' [Testamenta Vetusta, Nichol. Page 60: et Dugdale, Vol. I., page 180.] William de Bohun and Elizabeth, his wife, had issue: [Lady Elizabeth de Bohun]"
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From Wikipedia - Elizabeth de Badlesmere :

Elizabeth de Badlesmere, Countess of Northampton (1313- 8 June 1356) was the wife of two English noblemen, Sir Edmund Mortimer and William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton . She was a co-heiress of her brother Giles de Badlesmere, 2nd Baron Badlesmere .

Family
Elizabeth was born at Castle Badlesmere , Kent , England in 1313 to Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare . She was the third of four daughters. She had one younger brother Giles de Badlesmere, 2nd Baron Badlesmere (18 October 1314- 7 June 1338) who married Elizabeth Montagu, by whom he had four daughters.
Her paternal grandparents were Guncelin de Badlesmere and Joan FitzBernard. Her maternal grandparents were Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond and Juliana FitzGerald of Offaly .

Elizabeth's father was hanged on 14 April 1322 for treason against King Edward II of England , and her mother imprisoned in the Tower of London until 3 November 1322. She had been arrested the previous October for refusing Queen Isabella admittance to Leeds Castle , where Lord Badlesmere held the post of castellan .[1]

In 1328, Elizabeth's brother Giles obtained a reversal of his father's attainder , and he succeeded to the barony as the 2nd Baron Badlesmere. Elizabeth, along with her three sisters, was a co-heiress of Giles who had no male issue. Upon his death in 1338, the barony fell fell into abeyance. The Badlesmere estates were divided between the four sisters.

Marriages and children
On 27 June 1316, when she was just three years old, Elizabeth married her first husband Sir Edmund Mortimer (1310- 16 December 1331)[2] son of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville . The marriage produced two sons:
Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March (11 November 1328 Ludlow Castle - 26 February 1360), married Philippa Montacute, daughter of William Montacute, 1st Earl of Salisbury and Catherine Grandison , by whom he had issue, including Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March ).
John Mortimer (died young)

In 1335, just over three years after the death of Edmund Mortimer, Elizabeth married secondly William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton (1312- 1360), fifth son of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan . He was a renowned military commander and diplomat.
By her second marriage, Elizabeth had two more children:[3]
Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford 6th Earl of Essex, 2nd Earl of Northampton (24 March 1342- 16 January 1373), after 9 September 1359, married Joan Fitzalan , by whom he had two daughters, Eleanor de Bohun Duchess of Gloucester, and Mary de Bohun , wife of Henry of Bolingbroke (who later reigned as King Henry IV ).

Elizabeth de Bohun (c.1350- 3 April 1385), on 28 September 1359, married Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel , by whom she had seven children including Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel , Elizabeth FitzAlan and Lady Joan FitzAlan , Baroness Bergavenny.

Death
Elizabeth de Badlesmere died on 8 June 1356. She was about forty-three years old. She was buried in Walden Abbey , Essex . Her many descendants included Kings Henry V of England and Edward IV of England , Anne Mortimer , Anne Boleyn , Mary Boleyn , and Diana, Princess of Wales .

Elizabeth married Edmund de Mortimer, of Wigmore. Edmund died in 1331.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), Line 65-34 (Elizabeth de Badlesmere) and 29-32.

Elizabeth next married Sir William de Bohun, K.G., 1st Earl of Northampton,188 189 son of Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex and Elizabeth, of Rhuddlan, Princess of England,. William was born about 1311 and died on 16 Sep 1360 about age 49.

Research Notes: He was the twin of Edward de Bohun.

From Wikipedia - William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton:

He was the fifth son of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan . He had a twin brother, Edward. His maternal grandparents were Edward I of England and his first Queen consort Eleanor of Castile .

In 1332 he received many new properties: Hinton and Spaine in Berkshire; Hasley, Ascot, Dedington, Pyrton and Kirklington in Oxfordshire; Wincomb in Buckinghamshire; Longbenington in Lincolnshire; Kneesol in Bottinghamshire; Newnsham in Gloucestershire, Wix in Essex, and Bosham in Sussex. He was created Earl of Northampton in 1337 , adding to the titles of Count of Hereford and Essex.

In 1339 he accompanied the King to Flanders. He served variously in Brittany and in Scotland , and was present at the great English victories at Sluys and was a commander at Crécy .

In addition to being a warrior, William was also a renowned diplomat. He negotiated two treaties with France, one in 1343 and one in 1350. He was also charged with negotiating in Scotland for the freedom of David Bruce, prisoner of the English.

De Bohun was succeeded by his son Humphrey , who also succeeded his uncle and became 7th earl of Hereford. His daughter Elizabeth de Bohun was married to Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel .

Noted events in his life were:

• 6th Earl of Northampton: 16 Mar 1337.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 179)

190. < > de Badlesmere, Countess of Oxford (Margaret de Clare171, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal159, Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln146, Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

191. Roos de Badlesmere (Margaret de Clare171, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal159, Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln146, Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

192. Isabel FitzAlan 206 (Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died on 29 Aug 1396.

Isabel married John le Strange, 4th Baron Strange of Blackmere,228 son of John le Strange, 2nd Baron Strange of Blackmere and Unknown,. John was born in 1322 and died on 12 May 1361 at age 39.

Birth Notes: Wikipedia - Baron Strange of Blackmere- has b. 1332.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 215 M    i. John le Strange, 5th Baron Strange of Blackmere 229 was born in 1353 and died in 1375 at age 22.

+ 216 F    ii. Ankaret le Strange, 7th Baroness Strange of Blackmere 229 230 was born in 1361 and died in 1413 at age 52.

+ 217 F    iii. Elizabeth le Strange, 6th Baroness Strange of Blackmere 229 died in 1383.


193. Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey 207 208 209 210 (Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1346 in <Arundel, West Sussex>, England and died on 21 Sep 1397 in Cheapside, London, England at age 51.

Death Notes: Condemned and beheaded on Tower Hill by Richard II

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - 11th Earl of Arundel and 10th Earl of Surrey.

"In 1377 he was Admiral of the West and South, and in 1386 Admiral of all England. In this capacity he defeated a combined Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off of Margate in 1387. The following year he was one of the Lords Appellant to Richard II. In 1397 he was arrested for his opposition to Richard II, and then attainted and beheaded 21 September 1397."
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From Wikipedia - Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel :

Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel and 10th Earl of Surrey (1346 - September 21, 1397, beheaded) was an English nobleman and military commander.

He was the son of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.

In 1377 he was Admiral of the West and South, and in 1386 Admiral of all England. In this capacity he defeated a combined Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off of Margate in 1387. The following year he was one of the Lords Appellant to Richard II. In 1397 he was arrested for his opposition to Richard II, and then attainted and beheaded.

Arundel married twice. His first wife was Elizabeth de Bohun, daughter of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton. They married around September 28, 1359 and had four children.

***********
From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 50:

"III LADY ELIZABETH DE BOHUN, who married Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, who was beheaded on Tower Hill, September, 1397. Elizabeth died during her husband's life-time, prior to 15 Richard II., for in that year the Earl of Arundel paid a fine to the king for marrying (the second time) without a license. [Dugdale]. His second wife survived him.

"His will is as follows:
'I, Richard, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, March 4, 1392, 16 Richard II. in my Castle of Philipp. My body to be buried in the Priory of Lewis, in a place behind the high altar, which I have shewn to my beloved in God Danz John Chierlien, Prior, and frere Thomas Asshebourne, my confessor. In case my dear wife E., on whom God have mercy, be not there interred by me, I charge my executors that they cause my said wife to be conveyed from her present tomb to the said place with the same form as the body of my most honored lord and father was buried. If I die in England I desire to have my corpse privately conveyed to the said Priory, and I forbid armed men, or to her pomp, attendant at my burial.

.... My manors of Angermeryn, Wepham, Warnecamp, Soucstoke, Tothungton, Upinerdon, and Pyperyng...
'My most dear [second] wife Philippa... My sons [in law] the Earl Marshall, Lord Charlton, and William Beauchamp... My son Richard a standing bed called Clove also a bed of silk, embroidered with the arms of Arundel and Warren quarterly... to my dear son Thomas, from the day of my death C L annually in aid of his maintenance, also the Manors of Begenever, Sullynton, and Schapewyk... My dear daughter Charlton; to my daughter Elizabeth a nounce with lions and crowns which was give me by my dear son her husband.' [Testamenta Vetusta, p. 129.]

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth:
1. Richard, d. S. P.
2. Thomas, who died S. P. and whose title passed to his kinsman, but whose lands descended to his sisters.
3. Alice married John de Charlton prior 1392; died before 1415, S. P.
4. Alianora, who had Royal License 28 Oct. 1371, to marry Robert de Ufford, son of William Earl of Suffolk. [Notes from the Patent Rolls Inq. etc.]; but is said in 'Williamson's Evidences' to have died unmarried, p. 30.] [Hist. Cheshire, Ormerod, p. 38.]
5. Elizabeth, of whom hereafter.
6. Joane, married before 1392, William Beauchamp of Abergavenny. She died 14 Nov. 1435.
7. Margaret, married Sir Rowland Lenthall."

Noted events in his life were:

• Succeeded: to the lordships of Bromfield (Wrexham) and Yale, 24 Jan 1376. upon the death of his father.

• Inherited: Castrum Leonis (Holt Castle) and Dynas Bran and lands in Wrightesham (Wrexham), 24 Jan 1376.

• "Wonderful Parliament": 1388. He was one of the five lords appellant.

• Built: a stone bridge between Bromfield and Chirk, 1392.

Richard married Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel,209 218 219 daughter of Sir William de Bohun, K.G., 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere, about 28 Sep 1359. Elizabeth was born about 1350 and died on 3 Apr 1385 about age 35.

Marriage Notes: Wikipedia

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 50:

"III LADY ELIZABETH DE BOHUN, who married Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, who was beheaded on Tower Hill, September, 1397. Elizabeth died during her husband's life-time, prior to 15 Richard II., for in that year the Earl of Arundel paid a fine to the king for marrying (the second time) without a license. [Dugdale]. His second wife survived him."

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From Wikipedia - Elizabeth de Bohun :

Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel, Countess of Surrey (c.1350- 3 April 1385), was the first wife of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel , Earl of Surrey, (1346- 21 September 1397 Tower Hill, Cheapside, London), a powerful English nobleman and military commander in the reigns of Edward III and Richard II . She was the mother of his seven children.

Family and lineage
Lady Elizabeth de Bohun was born around 1350, the daughter of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere . Her older brother Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford married Joan Fitzalan , a sister of the 11th Earl of Arundel, by whom he had two daughters. Elizabeth had a half-brother Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March by her mother's first marriage to Sir Edmund Mortimer.

Her paternal grandparents were Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan , daughter of King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile . Her maternal grandparents were Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare .

Lady Elizabeth's parents both died when she was young, her mother having died in 1356, and her father in 1360.

Marriage and children
On 28 September 1359, by Papal dispensation,[1] Elizabeth married Richard Fitzalan, who succeeded to the earldoms of Arundel and Surrey upon the death of his father, Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel .

At the coronation of King Richard II, Richard carried the crown. In the same year, 1377, he was made Admiral of the South and West. The following year, 1378, he attacked Harfleur , but was repelled by the French.

Fitzalan allied himself with the King's uncle Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester , who was married to Fitzalan's niece Eleanor de Bohun , who was also his wife's niece. The two men eventually became members of the Council of Regency, and formed a strong and virulent opposition to the King. This would later prove fatal to both men.

Richard and Elizabeth had seven children:[2]

Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel , Earl of Surrey KG (13 October 1381- 13 October 1415), married 26 November 1405, Beatrice, illegitimate daughter of King John I of Portugal and Inez Perez Esteves.[3] The marriage was childless.
Lady Eleanor Fitzalan (c.1365- 1375), on 28 October 1371, at the age of about six, married Robert de Ufford. Died childless.
Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan (1366- 8 July 1425), married firstly before 1378, Sir William de Montagu, secondly in 1384, Thomas Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk , by whom she had four children, thirdly before 19 August 1401, Sir Robert Goushill, by whom she had two daughters, and fourthly before 1411, Sir Gerard Afflete. The Howard Dukes of Norfolk descend from her daughter Margaret Mowbray who married Sir Robert Howard .
Lady Joan FitzAlan (1375- 14 November 1435), married William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny , by whom she had a son, Richard de Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester and a daughter Joan de Beauchamp , wife of James Butler , 4th Earl of Ormond .
Lady Alice Fitzalan (1378- before October 1415), married before March 1392, John Cherlton, Lord Cherlton. Had an affair with Cardinal Henry Beaufort , by whom she had an illegitimate daughter, Jane Beaufort.[4]
Lady Margaret Fitzalan (1382- after 1423), married Sir Rowland Lenthall, of Hampton Court, Herefordshire, by whom she had two sons.
Son Fitzalan (his name is given as either Richard or William).

Death
Elizabeth de Bohun died on 3 April 1385 at the age of about thirty- five. She was buried at Lewes in Sussex. Her husband married secondly Philippa Mortimer on 15 August 1390, by whom he had a son John Fitzalan (1394- after 1397).

Richard Fitzalan was executed by decapitation on 21 September 1397 at Tower Hill Cheapside , London for having committed high treason against King Richard.[5] His titles and estates were attainted until October 1400, when they were restored to his son and heir Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel by the new king Henry IV who had ascended to the English throne upon the deposition of King Richard in 1399.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 218 F    i. Alice FitzAlan 231 was born about 1374 and died before 1415.

+ 219 F    ii. Joane FitzAlan 208 209 232 was born in 1375 and died on 14 Nov 1453 at age 78.

+ 220 F    iii. Elizabeth FitzAlan, d'Arundelle 233 234 was born on 8 Jul 1379 in Derbyshire, England and died on 8 Jul 1425 in Hoveringham, England at age 46.

+ 221 M    iv. Richard FitzAlan .

+ 222 M    v. Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel, Earl of Surrey 219 235 236 237 was born on 13 Oct 1381 and died on 13 Oct 1415 at age 34.

+ 223 F    vi. Alianora FitzAlan .

+ 224 F    vii. Margaret FitzAlan 219 232 235 was born in 1382 and died after 1423.

Richard next married Philippa.

194. John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel and Lord Maltravers 211 212 (Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1348 in Etchingham, Sussex, England and died on 16 Dec 1379 about age 31. Another name for John was Sir John d'Arundel 1st Lord Arundel.

Research Notes: 1st Lord Arundel, Marshal of England, Lord Mautravers

Noted events in his life were:

• Member of Parliament: 1377-1379.

John married Eleanor Maltravers,211 238 daughter of John Maltravers, Lord Maltravers and Unknown, on 17 Feb 1358. Eleanor was born in 1345 and died on 10 Jan 1405 at age 60. Another name for Eleanor was Eleanor Mautravers.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel


Children from this marriage were:

+ 225 F    i. Margaret FitzAlan .

+ 226 M    ii. Sir John FitzAlan, Lord of Arundel 239 was born on 30 Nov 1364 and died on 14 Aug 1390 at age 25.

195. Joan FitzAlan 213 (Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1348, died on 17 Apr 1419 about age 71, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Joan Fitzalan :

Lady Joan Fitzalan, Countess of Hereford, Essex, and Northampton (1347/1348- 7 April 1419), was the wife of Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford , 6th Earl of Essex, and 2nd Earl of Northampton. Joan was the mother of Mary de Bohun , the first wife of Henry of Bolingbroke who later reigned as King Henry IV of England , and Eleanor de Bohun , Duchess of Gloucester. She was the maternal grandmother of King Henry V of England .

Family
Lady Joan was born in about 1347 or 1348 at Arundel Castle , Sussex , one of seven children, and the eldest daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel and his second wife Eleanor of Lancaster .[1] Her paternal grandparents were Edmund Fitzalan, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne . Her maternal grandparents were Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud Chaworth .

List of siblings
Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel (1346- 21 September 1397 Tower Hill, Cheapside, London), married firstly Elizabeth de Bohun , sister of Humphrey de Bohun, by whom he had seven children, and secondly Philippa Mortimer. He was beheaded on charges of high treason against King Richard II of England .
John Fitzalan 1st baron of Arundel, 1st Baron Maltravers (1351-16 December 1379), married Eleanor Maltravers, by whom he had issue. He drowned in the Irish Sea, having been shipwrecked after defeating the French off the Cornish coast.
Alice Fitzalan (1350- 17 March 1416), married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent , by whom she had issue.
Thomas Arundel Archbishop of Canterbury (1352- 19 February 1414)
Mary Fitzalan (died 29 August 1396), married John Le Strange, 4th Baron Strange of Blackmere, by whom she had issue, including Ankaret Le Strange who married Richard Talbot, 4th Baron Talbot. These were the parents of John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury
Eleanor Fitzalan (1356- before 1366)
J
oan had a half-brother from her father's first marriage to Isabel le Despenser :
Edmund of Arundel (1327- after 1377), he was bastardised by his parents annulment. He married Sybil Montagu, by whom he had two daughters.

Joan had two uterine half-siblings from her mother's first marriage to John de Beaumont, 2nd Lord Beaumont (died 14 April 1342):
Henry de Beaumont, 3rd Lord Beaumont (4 April 1340- 17 June 1369), married as her first husband Margaret de Vere (died 15 June 1398), by whom he had issue.
Matilda de Beaumont (died July 1367), married Hugh de Courtney.

Marriage and children
Sometime after 9 September 1359, Joan married Humphrey de Bohun , one of the most powerful noblemen in the kingdom. His titles included 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex, 2nd Earl of Northampton, and he was the hereditary Constable of England. He was the son of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere . The marriage produced two daughters, whom upon the death of their father, divided his vast estates between them:
Eleanor de Bohun (c.1360- 3 October 1399), co-heiress of her father. In 1376 she married Thomas of Woodstock , 1st Duke of Gloucester, the youngest son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault . The marriage produced five children, including Anne of Gloucester . Eleanor died as a nun at Barking Abbey.
Mary de Bohun (1369- 4 June 1394), co-heiress of her father. On 27 July 1380 she married Henry of Bolingbroke, who would later be crowned King Henry IV. She died before he ascended the throne. The marriage produced six chidren including King Henry V of England .

Execution of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter
In 1397, Joan's brother Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel and a Lord Appellant was executed on Tower Hill for his opposition to King Richard II of England . The king's half-brother John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter , Earl of Huntingdon accompanied him to the scaffold, as one of King Richard's representatives. Less than three years later in 1400, when Holland joined a conspiracy to murder the new king Henry IV, and was captured near Joan's principal residence Pleshy Castle in Essex , he was turned over to her for punishment. Described as having possessed a "stern character",[2] she showed him no mercy, and swiftly gave orders for his execution by decapitation , after summoning the children of her dead brother to witness the deed. Following the beheading, which was performed without benefit of a trial, she ordered that Holland's severed head be raised on the end of a pike, which was placed upon the battlements of Pleshy Castle.
Death
Lady Joan Fitzalan died on 7 April 1419 and was buried in Walden Abbey with her husband who had died in 1373.

Joan married Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, Earl of Essex & Northampton,216 217 son of Sir William de Bohun, K.G., 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere,. Humphrey was born in 1342, died on 16 Jan 1373 at age 31, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

Research Notes: 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex and 2nd Earl of Northampton.

From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford :

Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex and 2nd Earl of Northampton (1342 - 16 January 1373 ) was an important medieval English noble during the reign of King Edward III of England .

Lineage
He was the son of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton , and Elizabeth de Badlesmere . His paternal grandparents were Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan , daughter of King Edward I . His maternal grandparents were Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare . He was the last of this de Bohun line, but his titles should have been passed to his successor who was his second cousin.

Inheritance
On his death, his great estates were divided between his two surviving daughters: Mary de Bohun , who married Henry Bolingbroke, the future Henry IV and Eleanor de Bohun , who married Thomas of Woodstock . His third daughter, Elizabeth, had died young.

His wife and the mother of his daughters was Joan Fitzalan , daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster , whom he married after 9 September 1359.

These estates went to the husbands of the daughters of Humphrey even though there was a male heir alive in Hereford until 1381 - his name is Gilbert de Bohun - who married Margaret Wastney, great-granddaughter of Robert Fitzrobert, and they had a daughter called Joan who married Walter Weaver in 1362 and had male issue.

Henry IV was created Duke of Hereford before he usurped the throne.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 227 F    i. Mary de Bohun

+ 228 F    ii. Eleanor de Bohun died in 1399.

196. Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of York 160 (Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1350 and died on 19 Feb 1413 about age 63.

197. Alice FitzAlan 160 (Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1350 and died on 17 Mar 1416 at age 66.

Alice married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent. Another name for Thomas was Thomas Holand 2nd Earl of Kent.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Eleanor of Lancaster

198. Richard Puleston, Esq. of Emral (Sir Roger Puleston, of Emral173, Angharad de Warenne, of Warren Hall, Salop162, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1322 in Emral, Flintshire, Wales and died about 1388 about age 66.

Research Notes: 2nd son of Sir Roger Puleston of Emral.

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. II (London, 1882) has from Cae Cyriog M.S.; Lewys Dwnn, vol ii: "Madog of Bers, 2nd son of Robert Puleston of Emrall, ab Richard ab Sir Roger Puleston."

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008)., Line 249-35 (Lowri ferch Gruffydd Fychan).


Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg60.htm#1200
&
http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593881436

Sources vary in birthdate - abt 1322 or abt 1330

From Welsh Biography Online - http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-PULE-EST-1283.html :
"ROBERT PULESTON, son of Richard Puleston of Emral (alive 1382/3 - B. M. Harley MS. 1971), was a witness in the celebrated Scrope-Grosvenor trial of 1836, together with Owain Glyn Dwr (q.v.) , whose sister Lowry he married. For his part in the rebellion Robert's estates in the counties of Chester, Salop, and Flint were forfeited (Cal. Pat. Rolls, Henry IV, 1399-1401, 370), but were later restored. "

Noted events in his life were:

• Alive: 1383. B.M. Harley MS. 1971

Richard married Lleiky ferch Madog Foel ap Iefan,150 240 241 daughter of Madog Foel ap Iefan and Efa verch Yr Hên Dafydd,. Other names for Lleiky were Lenki Foel, Lucy verch Madoc Voel, Lleucu verch Madog Foel, and Lleiky ferch Madog Voel.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 229 M    i. Robert Puleston, Esq., of Emral 150 179 240 242 243 244 245 was born about 1358 in Emral, Flintshire, Wales and died after 1415.

199. John Puleston (Sir Roger Puleston, of Emral173, Angharad de Warenne, of Warren Hall, Salop162, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

Research Notes: Source: Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 455

200. James Botiller, 2nd Earl of Ormond (Eleanor de Bohun174, Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 4 Oct 1331 in Kilkenny, Ireland and died in 1382 at age 51. Another name for James was James Butler 2nd Earl of Ormond.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 7-31

James married Elizabeth Darcy, daughter of Sir John Darcy, of Knaith and Joan de Burgh, about 1346. Elizabeth died 24 Mar 1389 or 1390. Another name for Elizabeth was Anne Darcy.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 7-31 (James Botiller) - m. (disp. 15 May 1346)


The child from this marriage was:

+ 230 M    i. James Botiller, 3rd Earl of Ormond was born after 1361 and died in Sep 1405.

201. Petronilla Botiller 215 (Eleanor de Bohun174, Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died about 1368. Other names for Petronilla were Pernel Butler, Petronella Butler, and Petronilla Butler.

Noted events in her life were:

• Living: 28 May 1365.

Petronilla married Gilbert Talbot, 3rd Lord Talbot 246 on 8 Sep 1352. Gilbert was born about 1332 and died on 24 Apr 1387 about age 55.

Noted events in his life were:

• Member of Parliament: 1362.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 231 M    i. Sir Richard Talbot, Lord Talbot 247 was born about 1361 and died about 7 Sep 1396 about age 35.

+ 232 F    ii. Mary Talbot 248 died on 13 Apr 1434.

202. Margaret Courtenay 97 (Margaret de Bohun178, Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1326 in <Exeter, Devonshire>, England, died on 2 Aug 1385 about age 59, and was buried on 2 Aug 1385 in Cobham, Kent, England.

Margaret married John de Cobham,249 son of John de Cobham and Joan Beauchamp, between 1332 and 1334 in Cobham, Kent, England. John was born about 1321 in <Cobham, Kent>, England, died on 10 Jan 1407 in Cobham, Kent, England about age 86, and was buried in Grey Friars, London, Middlesex, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 233 F    i. Joan de Cobham 249 was born about 1340 in <Cobham, Kent>, England, died about 1388 in Chrishall, Essex, England about age 48, and was buried in Chrishall, Essex, England.

203. Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, Earl of Essex & Northampton 216 217 (Sir William de Bohun, K.G., 1st Earl of Northampton179, Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1342, died on 16 Jan 1373 at age 31, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

Research Notes: 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex and 2nd Earl of Northampton.

From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford :

Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex and 2nd Earl of Northampton (1342 - 16 January 1373 ) was an important medieval English noble during the reign of King Edward III of England .

Lineage
He was the son of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton , and Elizabeth de Badlesmere . His paternal grandparents were Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan , daughter of King Edward I . His maternal grandparents were Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare . He was the last of this de Bohun line, but his titles should have been passed to his successor who was his second cousin.

Inheritance
On his death, his great estates were divided between his two surviving daughters: Mary de Bohun , who married Henry Bolingbroke, the future Henry IV and Eleanor de Bohun , who married Thomas of Woodstock . His third daughter, Elizabeth, had died young.

His wife and the mother of his daughters was Joan Fitzalan , daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster , whom he married after 9 September 1359.

These estates went to the husbands of the daughters of Humphrey even though there was a male heir alive in Hereford until 1381 - his name is Gilbert de Bohun - who married Margaret Wastney, great-granddaughter of Robert Fitzrobert, and they had a daughter called Joan who married Walter Weaver in 1362 and had male issue.

Henry IV was created Duke of Hereford before he usurped the throne.

Humphrey married Joan FitzAlan,213 daughter of Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne and Eleanor, of Lancaster,. Joan was born about 1348, died on 17 Apr 1419 about age 71, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Joan Fitzalan :

Lady Joan Fitzalan, Countess of Hereford, Essex, and Northampton (1347/1348- 7 April 1419), was the wife of Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford , 6th Earl of Essex, and 2nd Earl of Northampton. Joan was the mother of Mary de Bohun , the first wife of Henry of Bolingbroke who later reigned as King Henry IV of England , and Eleanor de Bohun , Duchess of Gloucester. She was the maternal grandmother of King Henry V of England .

Family
Lady Joan was born in about 1347 or 1348 at Arundel Castle , Sussex , one of seven children, and the eldest daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel and his second wife Eleanor of Lancaster .[1] Her paternal grandparents were Edmund Fitzalan, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne . Her maternal grandparents were Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud Chaworth .

List of siblings
Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel (1346- 21 September 1397 Tower Hill, Cheapside, London), married firstly Elizabeth de Bohun , sister of Humphrey de Bohun, by whom he had seven children, and secondly Philippa Mortimer. He was beheaded on charges of high treason against King Richard II of England .
John Fitzalan 1st baron of Arundel, 1st Baron Maltravers (1351-16 December 1379), married Eleanor Maltravers, by whom he had issue. He drowned in the Irish Sea, having been shipwrecked after defeating the French off the Cornish coast.
Alice Fitzalan (1350- 17 March 1416), married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent , by whom she had issue.
Thomas Arundel Archbishop of Canterbury (1352- 19 February 1414)
Mary Fitzalan (died 29 August 1396), married John Le Strange, 4th Baron Strange of Blackmere, by whom she had issue, including Ankaret Le Strange who married Richard Talbot, 4th Baron Talbot. These were the parents of John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury
Eleanor Fitzalan (1356- before 1366)
J
oan had a half-brother from her father's first marriage to Isabel le Despenser :
Edmund of Arundel (1327- after 1377), he was bastardised by his parents annulment. He married Sybil Montagu, by whom he had two daughters.

Joan had two uterine half-siblings from her mother's first marriage to John de Beaumont, 2nd Lord Beaumont (died 14 April 1342):
Henry de Beaumont, 3rd Lord Beaumont (4 April 1340- 17 June 1369), married as her first husband Margaret de Vere (died 15 June 1398), by whom he had issue.
Matilda de Beaumont (died July 1367), married Hugh de Courtney.

Marriage and children
Sometime after 9 September 1359, Joan married Humphrey de Bohun , one of the most powerful noblemen in the kingdom. His titles included 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex, 2nd Earl of Northampton, and he was the hereditary Constable of England. He was the son of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere . The marriage produced two daughters, whom upon the death of their father, divided his vast estates between them:
Eleanor de Bohun (c.1360- 3 October 1399), co-heiress of her father. In 1376 she married Thomas of Woodstock , 1st Duke of Gloucester, the youngest son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault . The marriage produced five children, including Anne of Gloucester . Eleanor died as a nun at Barking Abbey.
Mary de Bohun (1369- 4 June 1394), co-heiress of her father. On 27 July 1380 she married Henry of Bolingbroke, who would later be crowned King Henry IV. She died before he ascended the throne. The marriage produced six chidren including King Henry V of England .

Execution of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter
In 1397, Joan's brother Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel and a Lord Appellant was executed on Tower Hill for his opposition to King Richard II of England . The king's half-brother John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter , Earl of Huntingdon accompanied him to the scaffold, as one of King Richard's representatives. Less than three years later in 1400, when Holland joined a conspiracy to murder the new king Henry IV, and was captured near Joan's principal residence Pleshy Castle in Essex , he was turned over to her for punishment. Described as having possessed a "stern character",[2] she showed him no mercy, and swiftly gave orders for his execution by decapitation , after summoning the children of her dead brother to witness the deed. Following the beheading, which was performed without benefit of a trial, she ordered that Holland's severed head be raised on the end of a pike, which was placed upon the battlements of Pleshy Castle.
Death
Lady Joan Fitzalan died on 7 April 1419 and was buried in Walden Abbey with her husband who had died in 1373.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 195)

204. Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel 209 218 219 (Sir William de Bohun, K.G., 1st Earl of Northampton179, Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1350 and died on 3 Apr 1385 about age 35.

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 50:

"III LADY ELIZABETH DE BOHUN, who married Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, who was beheaded on Tower Hill, September, 1397. Elizabeth died during her husband's life-time, prior to 15 Richard II., for in that year the Earl of Arundel paid a fine to the king for marrying (the second time) without a license. [Dugdale]. His second wife survived him."

--------
From Wikipedia - Elizabeth de Bohun :

Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel, Countess of Surrey (c.1350- 3 April 1385), was the first wife of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel , Earl of Surrey, (1346- 21 September 1397 Tower Hill, Cheapside, London), a powerful English nobleman and military commander in the reigns of Edward III and Richard II . She was the mother of his seven children.

Family and lineage
Lady Elizabeth de Bohun was born around 1350, the daughter of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere . Her older brother Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford married Joan Fitzalan , a sister of the 11th Earl of Arundel, by whom he had two daughters. Elizabeth had a half-brother Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March by her mother's first marriage to Sir Edmund Mortimer.

Her paternal grandparents were Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan , daughter of King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile . Her maternal grandparents were Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare .

Lady Elizabeth's parents both died when she was young, her mother having died in 1356, and her father in 1360.

Marriage and children
On 28 September 1359, by Papal dispensation,[1] Elizabeth married Richard Fitzalan, who succeeded to the earldoms of Arundel and Surrey upon the death of his father, Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel .

At the coronation of King Richard II, Richard carried the crown. In the same year, 1377, he was made Admiral of the South and West. The following year, 1378, he attacked Harfleur , but was repelled by the French.

Fitzalan allied himself with the King's uncle Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester , who was married to Fitzalan's niece Eleanor de Bohun , who was also his wife's niece. The two men eventually became members of the Council of Regency, and formed a strong and virulent opposition to the King. This would later prove fatal to both men.

Richard and Elizabeth had seven children:[2]

Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel , Earl of Surrey KG (13 October 1381- 13 October 1415), married 26 November 1405, Beatrice, illegitimate daughter of King John I of Portugal and Inez Perez Esteves.[3] The marriage was childless.
Lady Eleanor Fitzalan (c.1365- 1375), on 28 October 1371, at the age of about six, married Robert de Ufford. Died childless.
Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan (1366- 8 July 1425), married firstly before 1378, Sir William de Montagu, secondly in 1384, Thomas Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk , by whom she had four children, thirdly before 19 August 1401, Sir Robert Goushill, by whom she had two daughters, and fourthly before 1411, Sir Gerard Afflete. The Howard Dukes of Norfolk descend from her daughter Margaret Mowbray who married Sir Robert Howard .
Lady Joan FitzAlan (1375- 14 November 1435), married William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny , by whom she had a son, Richard de Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester and a daughter Joan de Beauchamp , wife of James Butler , 4th Earl of Ormond .
Lady Alice Fitzalan (1378- before October 1415), married before March 1392, John Cherlton, Lord Cherlton. Had an affair with Cardinal Henry Beaufort , by whom she had an illegitimate daughter, Jane Beaufort.[4]
Lady Margaret Fitzalan (1382- after 1423), married Sir Rowland Lenthall, of Hampton Court, Herefordshire, by whom she had two sons.
Son Fitzalan (his name is given as either Richard or William).

Death
Elizabeth de Bohun died on 3 April 1385 at the age of about thirty- five. She was buried at Lewes in Sussex. Her husband married secondly Philippa Mortimer on 15 August 1390, by whom he had a son John Fitzalan (1394- after 1397).

Richard Fitzalan was executed by decapitation on 21 September 1397 at Tower Hill Cheapside , London for having committed high treason against King Richard.[5] His titles and estates were attainted until October 1400, when they were restored to his son and heir Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel by the new king Henry IV who had ascended to the English throne upon the deposition of King Richard in 1399.



Elizabeth married Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey,207 208 209 210 son of Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne and Eleanor, of Lancaster, about 28 Sep 1359. Richard was born in 1346 in <Arundel, West Sussex>, England and died on 21 Sep 1397 in Cheapside, London, England at age 51.

Marriage Notes: Wikipedia

Death Notes: Condemned and beheaded on Tower Hill by Richard II

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - 11th Earl of Arundel and 10th Earl of Surrey.

"In 1377 he was Admiral of the West and South, and in 1386 Admiral of all England. In this capacity he defeated a combined Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off of Margate in 1387. The following year he was one of the Lords Appellant to Richard II. In 1397 he was arrested for his opposition to Richard II, and then attainted and beheaded 21 September 1397."
-----------
From Wikipedia - Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel :

Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel and 10th Earl of Surrey (1346 - September 21, 1397, beheaded) was an English nobleman and military commander.

He was the son of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.

In 1377 he was Admiral of the West and South, and in 1386 Admiral of all England. In this capacity he defeated a combined Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off of Margate in 1387. The following year he was one of the Lords Appellant to Richard II. In 1397 he was arrested for his opposition to Richard II, and then attainted and beheaded.

Arundel married twice. His first wife was Elizabeth de Bohun, daughter of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton. They married around September 28, 1359 and had four children.

***********
From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 50:

"III LADY ELIZABETH DE BOHUN, who married Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, who was beheaded on Tower Hill, September, 1397. Elizabeth died during her husband's life-time, prior to 15 Richard II., for in that year the Earl of Arundel paid a fine to the king for marrying (the second time) without a license. [Dugdale]. His second wife survived him.

"His will is as follows:
'I, Richard, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, March 4, 1392, 16 Richard II. in my Castle of Philipp. My body to be buried in the Priory of Lewis, in a place behind the high altar, which I have shewn to my beloved in God Danz John Chierlien, Prior, and frere Thomas Asshebourne, my confessor. In case my dear wife E., on whom God have mercy, be not there interred by me, I charge my executors that they cause my said wife to be conveyed from her present tomb to the said place with the same form as the body of my most honored lord and father was buried. If I die in England I desire to have my corpse privately conveyed to the said Priory, and I forbid armed men, or to her pomp, attendant at my burial.

.... My manors of Angermeryn, Wepham, Warnecamp, Soucstoke, Tothungton, Upinerdon, and Pyperyng...
'My most dear [second] wife Philippa... My sons [in law] the Earl Marshall, Lord Charlton, and William Beauchamp... My son Richard a standing bed called Clove also a bed of silk, embroidered with the arms of Arundel and Warren quarterly... to my dear son Thomas, from the day of my death C L annually in aid of his maintenance, also the Manors of Begenever, Sullynton, and Schapewyk... My dear daughter Charlton; to my daughter Elizabeth a nounce with lions and crowns which was give me by my dear son her husband.' [Testamenta Vetusta, p. 129.]

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth:
1. Richard, d. S. P.
2. Thomas, who died S. P. and whose title passed to his kinsman, but whose lands descended to his sisters.
3. Alice married John de Charlton prior 1392; died before 1415, S. P.
4. Alianora, who had Royal License 28 Oct. 1371, to marry Robert de Ufford, son of William Earl of Suffolk. [Notes from the Patent Rolls Inq. etc.]; but is said in 'Williamson's Evidences' to have died unmarried, p. 30.] [Hist. Cheshire, Ormerod, p. 38.]
5. Elizabeth, of whom hereafter.
6. Joane, married before 1392, William Beauchamp of Abergavenny. She died 14 Nov. 1435.
7. Margaret, married Sir Rowland Lenthall."

Noted events in his life were:

• Succeeded: to the lordships of Bromfield (Wrexham) and Yale, 24 Jan 1376. upon the death of his father.

• Inherited: Castrum Leonis (Holt Castle) and Dynas Bran and lands in Wrightesham (Wrexham), 24 Jan 1376.

• "Wonderful Parliament": 1388. He was one of the five lords appellant.

• Built: a stone bridge between Bromfield and Chirk, 1392.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 193)

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205. Sir John de Stanley, King & Lord of the Isle of Man and the Isles, K.G. 191 224 225 (Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1390 in <Lathom, Lancashire>, England and died on 27 Nov 1437 in Anglesey, Wales at age 47. Other names for John were Sir John Stanleigh, Sir John Stanley II, King and Lord of Man and the Isles, and John Stanley.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. abt 1385.

http://stanleyroots.co.uk/thenorthwest.htm has b. 1390, d. 1437

Manx Note Book http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/people/lords/stanleys.htm has b. abt 1386, d. 1437.

Death Notes: Source: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653270087

Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has d. 27 Nov 1437.

Research Notes: of Knowsley and Lathom, co. Lancaster.
----
www.whitneygen.org/archives/biography/princewm.html says this is Sir Thomas' father (mother = Isabel Harrington).
-----------
From Wikipedia - if John [III] Stanley of the Isle of Man is Sir Thomas' father (likely):
"Sir John Stanley (c. 1386 - 1437 ), was Knight Sheriff of Anglesey , Constable of Carnarvon , Justice of Chester , Steward of Macclesfield and titular King of Mann , the second of that name.
His father Sir John Stanley , Lord Lieutenant of Ireland , had been granted the tenure of the Isle of Man by Henry IV , and the younger Sir John succeeded to the Kingdom in 1414 ."

His father Sir John de Stanley , Lord Lieutenant of Ireland , had been granted the tenure of the Isle of Man under the title of King by Henry IV , and the younger Sir John succeeded to the Kingdom in 1414 .
-------------
Per Manx Note Book (http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/people/lords/stanleys.htm) , responsible for codifying Manx law.
----------
Source: The History of the House of Stanley from the Conquest to the Death of the Right Honourable Edward, Late Earl of Derby, in 1776 by John Seacomb (Manchester, 1821) [courtesy of books.google.com], p. 229 has "JOHN Stanleigh, Knt. Steward of the Household to King Henry IV."
-----------------

Noted events in his life were:

• Knight of the Shire of Lancaster: 1415.

• Justice of Chester: 1426-1427.

• Sheriff of Anglesey, Constable of Caernarvon Castle: 1427.

John married Isabel Harrington,250 251 daughter of Sir Nicholas Harrington, of Farelton and Unknown,. Isabel was born about 1390 in Hornby, Lancashire, England. Other names for Isabel were Isabel de Harington, Isabell Harington, and Elizabeth Harrington.

Birth Notes: Source: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653270088

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), Line 40-33 gives her father as Sir John Harington, Lord Harington of Aldingham (1328-1363) and her name as Isabel. She was "of Hornby, co. Lancaster"

This makes her the sister of Sir Robert Harington, K.B. (1356-1406).

-----------
The Manx Note Book http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/people/lords/stanleys.htm gives her father as Sir Nicholas Harrington of Farelton. Is this more likely than Sir John Harrington?

---------------
Source: The History of the House of Stanley from the Conquest to the Death of the Right Honourable Edward, Late Earl of Derby, in 1776 by John Seacomb (Manchester, 1821) [courtesy of books.google.com], p. 229, has "ELIZABETH, the sister of Sir William Harrington, Knight."

It is all quite a muddle.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 234 F    i. Isabel Stanley was born about 1398.

+ 235 M    ii. Sir Thomas de Stanley, K.G., 1st Baron Stanley, Lord Lt. of Ireland 220 251 252 253 254 255 256 was born in 1406 in Lathom, Ormskirk, Lancashire, England and died on 11 Feb 1459 in Knowsley, Lancashire, England at age 53.

+ 236 M    iii. Richard Stanley was born about 1412.

+ 237 M    iv. Edward Stanley was born about 1414.

+ 238 F    v. Alice Stanley was born about 1416 and died on 26 Nov 1477 about age 61.

206. Henry Stanley (Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1391.

Research Notes: Source: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919

207. Thomas Stanley (Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1392 and died about 1463 about age 71.

Research Notes: Source: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919

Thomas married Maude Arderne. Maude was born about 1398 and died after 1425.

Research Notes: Source: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919


Children from this marriage were:

+ 239 M    i. John Stanley was born about 1423 and died about 1474 about age 51.

+ 240 F    ii. Anne Stanley was born about 1425 and died about 1481 about age 56.

Thomas next married Elizabeth Waller.

Research Notes: Source: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919


The child from this marriage was:

+ 241 M    i. George Stanley was born about 1450.

208. Ralph Stanley (Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1393.

Research Notes: Source: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919

209. Margaret Stanley (Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1395.

Research Notes: Source: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919

210. John Clifford 79 (Baron Thomas de Clifford184, Baron Roger de Clifford, Lord of Appleby and Cumberland166, Isabel Berkeley153, Maurice de Berkeley140, Joan de Ferrers125, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1388 in <Appleby>, Westmoreland, England, was christened on 23 Apr 1389, died on 13 Mar 1422 in Meaux, Seine-et-Marne, France about age 34, and was buried in Friars Minor, Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

Death Notes: Was killed during the Siege of Meaux

Research Notes: 7th Baron de Clifford.

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I78555

Member Parliment 1411-21; 7th Lord Clifford, Sheriff of Westmoreland

See Wikipedia "Baron de Clifford"

John married someone.

His children were:

+ 242 F    i. Mary Clifford 79 was born about 1416 in <Appleby>, Westmoreland, England, died on 4 Oct 1478 about age 62, and was buried in Friars Minor, Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

+ 243 M    ii. Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord/Sheriff Westmore was born on 26 Mar 1414 in Westmoreland, England and died on 22 May 1455 in St. Alban's, Hertfordshire, England at age 41.

+ 244 F    iii. Alice de Clifford .

211. John de Neville 84 (Ralph de Neville185, John Neville169, Ralph Neville156, Eupheme FitzRoger Clavering144, Margery La Zouche130, Helen de Quincy, of Brackley114, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1387 in <Raby, Durham>, England and died before 20 Mar 1420.

John married someone.

His child was:

+ 245 M    i. John Neville 84 was born about 1410 in <Raby, Durham>, England and died on 29 Mar 1461 in Battle Of Towtown, Yorkshire, England about age 51.

212. Catherine Neville 226 (Ralph de Neville185, John Neville169, Ralph Neville156, Eupheme FitzRoger Clavering144, Margery La Zouche130, Helen de Quincy, of Brackley114, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

Catherine married John de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk,257 son of Sir Thomas de Mowbray, 6th Lord Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk and Elizabeth FitzAlan, d'Arundelle, on 12 Jan 1412. John was born in 1392 and died on 19 Oct 1432 in Epworth at age 40.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk :

John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (1392 - 19 October 1432 ) was an English nobleman .

He was the younger son of Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk , and succeeded his elder brother Thomas as 5th Earl of Norfolk and 3rd Earl of Nottingham in 1405 . He was appointed Earl Marshal of England in 1412 and in 1415 sat in judgment on Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge . In 1425 he was restored to his father's confiscated Dukedom of Norfolk .

He married Lady Katherine Neville , daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland , and had only one son, John , later 3rd Duke of Norfolk.

He went to France with King Henry V and took part in the siege of Harfleur .

He was too ill to fight at Agincourt .

He died in 1432 at Epworth , where his father had founded a monastery.


-----------

From Archæologia Cambrensis, Vol. VII, 6th Series, 1907, pp. 16-17:

"...As Thomas Earl of Arundel died without heirs male surviving, his estates were divided, subject to the aforesaid dower, among his three sisters, or among their children or grandchildren in right of them. These sisters were Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; Joan, wife of William Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny; and Margaret, wife of Sir Roland Lenthall, knight, all of whom were still living on the 20th July, 1416. The inheritors of the three portions after the death of the Countess Beatrix [25 October 1447] were (1) John Mowbray, son of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; (2) Elizabeth, wife of Sir Edward Neville, and daughter of Richard, Earl of Worcester, who was the son of Joan, Lady Abergavenny; and (3) Edmund, son of Sir Roland and Margaret Lenthall."

Noted events in his life were:

• Lord Mowbray and Segrave:

• 5th Earl of Norfolk: 1405.

• 3rd Earl of Nottingham: 1405.

• Earl Marshal of England: 1412.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 246 M    i. John de Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk 258 was born on 12 Sep 1415 and died on 6 Nov 1461 at age 46.

213. Philip Le Despenser, of Camoys Manor, Toppesfield, Essex (Philip Le Despenser, of Stoke, Gloucestershire186, Eleanor de Clare170, Sir Gilbert de Clare, 9th Earl of Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford158, Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln146, Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 6 Apr 1313 in Goxhill, Lincolnshire, England and died on 23 Aug 1349 at age 36.

Philip married Joan de Cobham,79 daughter of John de Cobham and Joan Beauchamp,. Joan was born about 1316 in <Cobham>, Kent, England and died before 13 May 1357. Another name for Joan was Joan Lestrange de Cobham.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 247 M    i. Philip Le Despenser, of Gedney, Lincolnshire 195 was born on 18 Oct 1342 in <Gedney, Lincolnshire>, England, was christened on 18 Oct 1342 in Gedney, Lincolnshire, England, and died on 4 Aug 1401 in Goxhill, Lincolnshire, England at age 58.

214. Robert Tiptoft 79 (Margery de Badlesmere188, Margaret de Clare171, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal159, Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln146, Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1340 in <Nettlestead, Suffolk>, England, was christened on 11 Jun 1341 in Nettlestead, Suffolk, England, and died on 13 Apr 1372 about age 32.

Robert married Margaret Deincourt,79 daughter of William Deincourt and Margaret Welles,. Margaret was born about 1353 in Northumberland, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 248 F    i. Elizabeth Tiptoft 79 was born about 1370 in <Nettlestead, Suffolk>, England, died on 20 Apr 1478 about age 108, and was buried in Grey Friars, Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

215. John le Strange, 5th Baron Strange of Blackmere 229 (Isabel FitzAlan192, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1353 and died in 1375 at age 22.

216. Ankaret le Strange, 7th Baroness Strange of Blackmere 229 230 (Isabel FitzAlan192, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1361 and died in 1413 at age 52. Another name for Ankaret was Ankaret Talbot 7th Baroness Strange of Blackmere.

Ankaret married Sir Richard Talbot, Lord Talbot,247 son of Gilbert Talbot, 3rd Lord Talbot and Petronilla Botiller, before 23 Aug 1383. Richard was born about 1361 and died about 7 Sep 1396 about age 35.

Noted events in his life were:

• Baron Talbot de Blackmere:

• Member of Parliament: 1384.

217. Elizabeth le Strange, 6th Baroness Strange of Blackmere 229 (Isabel FitzAlan192, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died in 1383. Another name for Elizabeth was Elizabeth Mowbray 6th Baroness Strange.

218. Alice FitzAlan 231 (Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1374 and died before 1415.

Research Notes: From the book Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 51:

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth:...
3. Alice married John de Charlton prior 1392; died before 1415, S. P."

---------------
From Ancestral Roots, Line 234-31 :
"Henry Beaufort, Bishop of Lincoln, Bishop of Winchester, Cardinal of St. Eusebius,... in his youth had an affair with Lady Alice Fitz Alan, b. abt. 1373/5, d.s.p. legit. bef the death of her bro., Thomas Fitz Alan in 1415, dau. of Sir Richard Fitz Alan. (60-32, 20-31). Alice m. by Mar. 1392, John Cherleton, 4th Lord Cherleton, feudal Lord of Powis, d.s.p. 1401."

Alice married John Cherleton, 4th Lord Cherleton 259 by Mar 1392. John died in 1401. Another name for John was John de Charlton Lord Cherleton.

Death Notes: d.s.p. according to Ancestral Roots.

Noted events in his life were:

• Feudal lord of Powis:

The child from this marriage was:

+ 249 M    i. Sir Edward Cherleton, K.G., Lord of Cherleton 260 was born about 1371 and died 14 Mar 1420 or 1421 about age 49.

219. Joane FitzAlan 208 209 232 (Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1375 and died on 14 Nov 1453 at age 78. Another name for Joane was Joan FitzAlan.

Death Notes: Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_FitzAlan%2C_11th_Earl_of_Arundel has death date 14 Nov 1453. Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, has 14 Nov 1435. Which is right?

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 50:

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth:...
6. Joane, married before 1392, William Beauchamp of Abergavenny. She died 14 Nov. 1435..."
-------

From Archæologia Cambrensis, Vol. VII, 6th Series, 1907, pp. 16-17:

"...As Thomas Earl of Arundel died without heirs male surviving, his estates were divided, subject to the aforesaid dower, among his three sisters, or among their children or grandchildren in right of them. These sisters were Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; Joan, wife of William Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny; and Margaret, wife of Sir Roland Lenthall, knight, all of whom were still living on the 20th July, 1416. The inheritors of the three portions after the death of the Countess Beatrix [25 October 1447] were (1) John Mowbray, son of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; (2) Elizabeth, wife of Sir Edward Neville, and daughter of Richard, Earl of Worcester, who was the son of Joan, Lady Abergavenny; and (3) Edmund, son of Sir Roland and Margaret Lenthall."

Joane married William Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny 235 261 before 1392. William was born about 1343 and died on 8 May 1411 about age 68.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - William Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny :

William Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny , K.G. (b.circa 1343 - 8 May 1411 ) was an English Peer.

The son of Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick , he was created 1st Baron Bergavenny on 23rd July 1392. This was the second creation of the title.

Marriage and heirs
He married Joan FitzAlan , daughter of Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel , and they had the following children:
Richard Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester , 2nd Baron Bergavenny (b.bef. 1397-1421/22)
Joan Beauchamp, married to James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormonde

Noted events in his life were:

• Created: Baron Bergavenny, 23 Jul 1392.

• Lord Abergavenny:

220. Elizabeth FitzAlan, d'Arundelle 233 234 (Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 8 Jul 1379 in Derbyshire, England and died on 8 Jul 1425 in Hoveringham, England at age 46. Another name for Elizabeth was Elizabeth D'Arundelle FitzAlan.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. 8 Jul 1379.

Wikipedia or some other source has abt 1366 in Derbyshire, England.

Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, Edited by Thomas Allen Glenn at the request of Howard Reifsnyder, privately printed, Philadelphia, 1902, provided by http://books.google.com, p. 51 has b. 1376.

Research Notes: 4rh wife of Sir Robert Goushill

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), Line 20-32

See also Wikipedia (Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan)

From the book Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 51-52:

"IV. LADY ELIZABETH FITZ ALAN, was born 1376, and died 8 Jul 1425. She married, first, before 1 December 1378, William de Montacute, son of William Earl of Salisbury, who died 6 August, 1383. She married, secondly, 1386, as his second wife, Thomas K. G. 7th Lord Mowbray Earl Marshall of England, 1st duke of Norfolk, and Earl of Nottingham, who died 22 September, 1399. She married, thirdly on or before the 1 September, 1401, Sir Robert Goushill, Knight, of Haveringham in the county of Nottingham, and Lord of Hault Hucknall Manor in Berbyshire. He had been Esquire to the duke of Norfolk her former husband. She married, fourthly, Sir Gerard Ufflete, Knight, of Wigmore, Yorkshire, but retained the title of Dowager Duchess of Norfolk until her death. The following letter written by her in 1421-2 is extant. The William Troutbeck there referred to was the grandfather of the William Troutbeck mentioned later.

"The letter is as follows:
'The Duchuse of Norff.

'Right dere and well beloved, we grete you well, and alsmycull as we have given under oure great seale of armes, unto oure servante Norman Babyngton, and Margaret his wife, and unto the heires of Norman, the third part of the manoirs of Staune Dunham and Troughford, with the app' tenuz, of which, William Troutbeck holds of us the third part t' me of his life yielding to us yerely a certayne rent, as the said William Troutbeck can declare you more pleyneley, we pray you with all oure hert, that ye make fine to be rered before you of the third part of the ad manoirs, and also of the third part of the ferme, the which the ad Troutbeck yeilds to us and oure sisters, unto the heres of Norman, and with warrantie, writen under oure greate seale at Annesley, xx May (1421-1422).

'To oure dere and right well beloved Peirs of Poole, Justice of Chester.'

"Seal of arms two and a half inches in diameter, bearing arms of England, with a label of three points impaling a shield blazoned, quarterly, 1st and 4th, checquey, 2nd and 3d, a lion rampant, Circumscriberd: 'x Sigillum d'ni Elizabeth ... Norforthie : comitisse : marchli : .. redby : de Knapp .. (Hist. Ches. Ormerod.)

"By her 3d husband, Sir Robert Goushill, Knight:
Joan Goushill, d. and heiress, of whom presently."

-----------
From "GOUSHILL FITZ-ALAN TOMB AT HOVERINGHAM
" (http://sites.google.com/site/goushilltomb/goushill-tomb/) :

ELIZABETH FITZ-ALAN: Elizabeth was the eldest daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan the 11th Earl of Arundel and his wife Elizabeth de Bohun. Both the Fitz-Alan and Bohun family lines were among the highest in the peerage of medieval England. Elizabeth Fitz-Alan had a double line of direct descent from the Plantagenet Kings of England. Through her mother's Bohun line she was a direct descendant of King Edward I and Eleanor of Castile, and through her Fitz-Alan ancestry a direct descendant of King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence. She was also related by cousinship to both King Henry IV and to his first wife Mary Bohun. Elizabeth was born before 1372, (in 1415 she was given as aged 40 or more), and a best estimate would be closer to 1367. By December of 1378 she would be married to her first husband William de Montagu, son of the Earl of Salisbury. This marriage for Elizabeth would certainly have been in her childhood. William de Montagu was killed in a tilting match at Windsor in 1382. Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would marry as her 2nd husband Thomas Mowbray, the Earl of Nottingham and later the Duke of Norfolk, in July of 1384. This marriage would last for 15 years until Thomas Mowbray's death in Venice on September 22, 1399. Elizabeth would have 2 sons and 2 daughters during her marriage with Thomas Mowbray. The sons were Thomas Mowbray 1385-1405 and John Mowbray 1390-1432, (both of these sons would assume the title Earl of Nottingham), the 2 daughters were Margaret who married Sir Robert Howard, and Isabel who married Henry Ferrers. In 1397 Thomas Mowbray was among those who accused and condemed Elizabeth's father Richard Fitz-Alan, the Earl of Arundel. Richard Fitz-Alan was found guilty of treason and be-headed at Cheapside on September 21, 1397. One apocryphal rumor even had Thomas Mowbray as the actual executioner of his father-in-law Richard Fitz-Alan. The now twice widowed Duchess of Norfolk would next marry Sir Robert Goushill as previously discussed in length. After the death of Sir Robert Goushill at Shrewsbury in 1403, she would marry Sir Gerald Usflete of Yorkshire as her fourth husband before April 18, 1411. Sir Gerald Usflete was the steward of the Duchy of Lancaster in Lincolnshire. Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would become a co-heiress of her brother Thomas, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, in 1415. (Thomas had died sans progeny on October 13, 1415, and his sisters had become his heirs). Sir Gerald Usflete died by Feb. 1420/21, having written his will on September 13, 1420. No children were born to Elizabeth Fitz-Alan and Gerald Usflete.

Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would live on after the death of her fourth husband Gerald Usflete until her own death on July 8, 1425. It is believed that she returned to Hoveringham in her final years. Born in the reign of King Edward III, she would live through the reigns of Richard II, Henry IV, Henry V, and into the reign of Henry VI. Through blood and marriage, Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would be closely touched by nearly all of the events in this period of turbulence, violence, and political turmoil in English history.

-----------

From Archæologia Cambrensis, Vol. VII, 6th Series, 1907, pp. 16-17:

"...As Thomas Earl of Arundel died without heirs male surviving, his estates were divided, subject to the aforesaid dower, among his three sisters, or among their children or grandchildren in right of them. These sisters were Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; Joan, wife of William Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny; and Margaret, wife of Sir Roland Lenthall, knight, all of whom were still living on the 20th July, 1416. The inheritors of the three portions after the death of the Countess Beatrix [25 October 1447] were (1) John Mowbray, son of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; (2) Elizabeth, wife of Sir Edward Neville, and daughter of Richard, Earl of Worcester, who was the son of Joan, Lady Abergavenny; and (3) Edmund, son of Sir Roland and Margaret Lenthall."


Noted events in her life were:

• Granted: the remaining goods of the late Duke of Norfolk by King Henry IV, 23 Feb 1400.

Elizabeth married Sir William de Montacute,262 263 264 son of William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury and Unknown,. William was born about 1360 and died on 6 Aug 1383 about age 23. Another name for William was John Montague.

Death Notes: Killed in a tournament (per Wikipedia)

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 51 :

"IV. LADY ELIZABETH FITZ ALAN, was born 1376, and died 8 Jul 1425. She married, first, before 1 December 1378, William de Montacute, son of William Earl of Salisbury, who died 6 August, 1383. "
---------
From Wikipedia - William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury (this William's father) :

"In 1392 , [the 2nd Earl] sold the Lordship of the Isle of Man to William le Scrope of Bolton. He married Elizabeth, daughter of John de Mohun, 9th Lord de Mohun of Dunster. The two lived at Bisham Manor in Berkshire and had a son and two daughters. The son, Sir William Montacute, married Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan , daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel , but was killed in a tournament in 1383, leaving no children. When the elder William Montacute died in 1397 the earldom was inherited by his nephew John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury . One of William's sisters, Philippa (d. January 5, 1382), married Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March ."

Elizabeth next married Sir Thomas de Mowbray, 6th Lord Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk,265 266 son of John de Mowbray, 4th Lord Mowbray and Elizabeth de Segrave, 5th Baroness Segrave, in Jul 1384. Thomas was born on 22 Mar 1366 and died on 22 Sep 1399 in Venice, Italy at age 33.

Death Notes: Died from the Plague

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk

Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk (22 March 1366 - 22 September 1399 ) was an English nobleman.

On 10 February 1382 , he succeeded his brother John as 6th Baron Mowbray and 7th Baron Segrave, and soon afterwards was created Earl of Nottingham, a title that had also been created for his elder brother. Three years later he was appointed Earl Marshal of England , and in that capacity he fought against the Scots and then against the French .

Lord Nottingham was one of the Lords Appellant to King Richard II who deposed some of King Richard's court favorites in 1387 . The King's uncle, Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester , was imprisoned at Calais, where Nottingham was Captain. When Gloucester was killed in 1397 , it was probably at the King's orders and probably with Nottingham's involvement. A few weeks later he was created Duke of Norfolk . His aged grandmother, the Countess of Norfolk, was still alive; she was created Duchess of Norfolk for life. When she died the next year he also became 3rd Earl of Norfolk.

Later, in 1398 , Norfolk quarrelled with Henry of Bolingbroke, 1st Duke of Hereford (later King Henry IV), apparently due to mutual suspicions stemming from their roles in the conspiracy against the Duke of Gloucester. The King banished them both. After Hereford returned and usurped the throne, Norfolk was stripped of the Dukedom of Norfolk, though he retained his other titles. He died of the plague in Venice , on 22 September 1399 .[citation needed ]

The matter of Norfolk's quarrel and subsequent banishment is depicted at the beginning of Shakespeare 's Richard II .

Norfolk had no children by his first wife, Elizabeth le Strange, suo jure 3rd Baroness Strange , daughter and heiress of John le Strange, 2nd Baron Strange . He had two sons by his second wife, Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan , daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel : Thomas , later 4th Earl of Norfolk; and John , later 5th Earl of Norfolk, later restored as 2nd Duke of Norfolk.

Family
Mowbray was the son of John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray (died 1368 ), and Elizabeth Segrave, Baroness Mowbray and suo jure 5th Baroness Segrave (died 1375 ). His mother was the eldest daughter of John de Segrave, 4th Baron Segrave and Margaret Plantagenet, Duchess of Norfolk , who was the eldest daughter of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk , a son of Edward I of England and his second Queen consort Marguerite of France . Thus Mowbray was a great-great-grandson of King Edward I.

Noted events in his life were:

• 1st Duke of Norfolk: 1397.

• Banished: by King Richard II, 1398.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 250 M    i. Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk 267 was born in 1385 and died on 8 Jun 1405 at age 20.

+ 251 M    ii. John de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk 257 was born in 1392 and died on 19 Oct 1432 in Epworth at age 40.

+ 252 F    iii. Margaret de Mowbray .

Elizabeth next married Sir Robert Goushill, of Hoveringham, Lord of Hault Hucknall Manor,234 268 269 270 271 son of Sir Nicholas Goushill, of Hoveringham and Unknown, before 19 Aug 1401. Robert was born about 1363 in <Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire, England> and died before 1414 in <Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire, England>. Another name for Robert was Sir Robert Gousell.

Marriage Notes: Married without license. On August 19, 1401, King Henry IV seized the lands of Elizabeth, late widow of Thomas Mowbray, for marrying Robert Goushill without license. On September 28, 1401, Henry IV would pardon Robert Goushill esquire and Elizabeth, late wife of Thomas, duke of Norfolk, for their trespass for inter-marrying without license and that they shall have restitution of all lands assigned to her in dower with the issues from the time of their marriage.
272

Research Notes: Sir Robert Goushill, Knight, of Haveringham in the county of Nottingham, and Lord of Hault Hucknall Manor in Derbyshire.
-------------
According to Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912, p. 285, Sir Robert was of Hault Hucknell manor, Derbyshire.
----------
From the book Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 51-52:

"IV. LADY ELIZABETH FITZ ALAN, was born 1376, and died 8 Jul 1425. She married, first, before 1 December 1378, William de Montacute, son of William Earl of Salisbury, who died 6 August, 1383. She married, secondly, 1386, as his second wife, Thomas K. G. 7th Lord Mowbray Earl Marshall of England, 1st duke of Norfolk, and Earl of Nottingham, who died 22 September, 1399. She married, thirdly on or before the 1 September, 1401, Sir Robert Goushill, Knight, of Haveringham in the county of Nottingham, and Lord of Hault Hucknall Manor in Derbyshire. He had been Esquire to the duke of Norfolk her former husband. She married, fourthly, Sir Gerard Ufflete, Knight, of Wigmore, Yorkshire, but retained the title of Dowager Duchess of Norfolk until her death. The following letter written by her in 1421-2 is extant. The William Troutbeck there referred to was the grandfather of the William Troutbeck mentioned later.

"The letter is as follows:
'The Duchuse of Norff.

'Right dere and well beloved, we grete you well, and alsmycull as we have given under oure great seale of armes, unto oure servante Norman Babyngton, and Margaret his wife, and unto the heires of Norman, the third part of the manoirs of Staune Dunham and Troughford, with the app' tenuz, of which, William Troutbeck holds of us the third part t' me of his life yielding to us yerely a certayne rent, as the said William Troutbeck can declare you more pleyneley, we pray you with all oure hert, that ye make fine to be rered before you of the third part of the ad manoirs, and also of the third part of the ferme, the which the ad Troutbeck yeilds to us and oure sisters, unto the heres of Norman, and with warrantie, writen under oure greate seale at Annesley, xx May (1421-1422).

'To oure dere and right well beloved Peirs of Poole, Justice of Chester.'

"Seal of arms two and a half inches in diameter, bearing arms of England, with a label of three points impaling a shield blazoned, quarterly, 1st and 4th, checquey, 2nd and 3d, a lion rampant, Circumscriberd: 'x Sigillum d'ni Elizabeth ... Norforthie : comitisse : marchli : .. redby : de Knapp .. (Hist. Ches. Ormerod.)

"By her 3d husband, Sir Robert Goushill, Knight:
Joan Goushill, d. and heiress, of whom presently."

-------
From "GOUSHILL FITZ-ALAN TOMB AT HOVERINGHAM
" (http://sites.google.com/site/goushilltomb/goushill-tomb/) :

SIR ROBERT GOUSHILL: Sir Robet Goushill was knighted by King Henry IV at the battle of Shrewsbury on July 21,1403. At the Battle of Shrewsbury the loyalist forces of Henry IV were opposed by the rebel army of Henry Percy (Hotspur). The army of King Henry IV won the day with the killing of Hotspur during the conflict. Casulties on both sides were high with estimates of 3000 killed or wounded on each side. Sir Robert Goushill was knighted the day of the battle for his gallantry, but was badly wounded in the side. Found lying wounded by his servant on the eve of the battle, Goushill asked that his armor be removed and a note sent to his wife Elizabeth in case of his death. The servant then stabbed and murdered Sir Robert Goushill and made off with his purse and ring. Another wounded man lying nearby recognized the servant, and he was later caught and hanged for the crime. The arms of Sir Robert Goushill would be placed in the Shrewsbury Battlefield Church erected as a memorial by King Henry IV.
Robert Goushill was the son and heir of Sir Nicholas Goushill of Hoveringham. The date of his birth is unknown, but can be estimated to be circa 1360-1365. Likewise, the name of his mother also remains unknown. The Goushill family had held extensive lands in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire since the 13th century. Walter Goushill, an early ancestor in the direct line, gained a number of these considerable holdings for the Goushills through his marriage to Maud (Matilda) Hathersage, the co-heiress of Mathew Hathersage in Derbyshire. (The early pedigree of the Goushill family of Hoveringham can be found in the History of Nottinghamshire by Dr. Robert Thoroton). In the calendar of patent rolls of Richard II on March 12, 1386, the King orders the arrest of Sir Nicholas Goushill the elder and his son Robert Goushill to answer the suit brought by William Birkes accusing the Goushills of threatning him with the loss of life and limb that he dare go about his business. On July 16, 1385, Sir Nicholas Goushill received the King's pardon. During 1387, Nicholas Goushill knight of Hoveringham and his son Robert Goushill are found in the chancery records to owe a debt of 22 pounds to Robert Wells of London. The next mention of Robert Goushill occurs in 1390 when he receives the King's pardon for alleged outlawry and other felonies through the supplication of Thomas Mowbray. Thomas Mowbray was at that time Earl of Nottingham and later would become the Duke of Norfolk. This evidences that Robert Goushill was already a supporter of Thomas Mowbray of whom he would be an employee of for the next decade. It is interesting to note that Elizabeth Fitz-Alan, the future wife of Robert Goushill, had been the wife of Mowbray since 1384.
During the 1390's, Robert Goushill would be in the retinue of Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham, Marshal of England, and Duke of Norfolk, serving as Mowbray's esquire and attorney. When Thomas Mowbray received his ducal elevation in 1397, he gave to his esquire Robert Goushill a 20 pound annuity for life from his manor at Willington. This grant was confirmed by Henry IV in November of 1399. In 1398, after the Duke of Norfolk was banished by Richard II, Robert Goushill was appointed one of the attorneys for Mowbray. At the coronation of King Edward IV on October 13, 1399, Robert Goushill would make a plea for the return of the banished Duke of Norfolk as Earl Marshall, not knowing Mowbray had already died of the plague in Venice, Italy on September 22, 1399. In the mid 1390's, Robert Goushill had married as a first wife Joan Bracebrugge, who was the widow of Sir Ralph Bracebrugge of Kingsbury, Warwickshire. Joan (maiden name unknown) had married Ralph Bracebrugge in 1380 and his death occured in August, 1395. The marriage of Robert Goushill and Joan Bracebrugge likely was in 1396, and Joan would die early in the year 1400. (IPM Henry IV, 1-6). In 1397 Richard II appointed Sir William Bagot and Robert Goushill to seize into his hands the goods and chattels of Thomas the late Earl of Warwick. (Goushill served as Warwickshire sheriff in 1396/97). After Richard II was deposed, the new King Henry IV made a grant on Feb. 23, 1400 to his kinswoman Elizabeth, the wife of the late Duke of Norfolk, of the remaining goods of the late Duke as well as clearing the debts that the Duke had owed to the deposed Richard II. Others stated to share in the remaining goods of the deceased Duke of Norfolk included Robert Goushill.
Robert Goushill would marry the widowed Elizabeth Fitz-Alan, Duchess of Norfolk, in the latter part of 1400 or early 1401 without license. On August 19, 1401, King Henry IV seized the lands of Elizabeth, late widow of Thomas Mowbray, for marrying Robert Goushill without license. On September 28, 1401, Henry IV would pardon Robert Goushill esquire and Elizabeth, late wife of Thomas, duke of Norfolk, for their trespass for inter-marrying without license and that they shall have restitution of all lands assigned to her in dower with the issues from the time of their marriage. Joan Goushill, the 1st daughter of Robert and Elizabeth, would be born in 1401, and a 2nd daughter Elizabeth Goushill would be born in 1402. Many present day descendants of these two daughters trace their ancestry to the Plantagenet Kings of England through Joan Goushill who married Sir Thomas Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley, and Elizabeth Goushill who married Sir Robert Wingfield of Letheringham, Suffolk. (My own descent is through the Goushill-Wingfield marriage). A 3rd daughter named Joyce is now credited to Robert and Elizabeth. She was found in a 1407 lawsuit being named after older daughters Joan and Elizabeth. As she is not named in Robert Goushill's Inq. Post Mortum of 1403, she would certainly seem to have been born after Robert Goushill's death. No futher trace of Joyce Goushill has been found. After the tragic death of Sir Robert Goushill at the battle of Shrewsbury on July 21, 1403, his Inquisition Post Mortum was held August 6, 1403. His heirs are given as his daughters Joan and Elizabeth, aged two years and one year respectively. A final thought regarding the pedigree of the Goushill family of Hoveringham as given by Thoroton: the pedigree lists the Sir Nicholas Goushill dying in 1393 as the grandfather of Robert Goushill and Robert's father as another Nicholas Goushill. This 2nd Nicholas Goushill listed in the pedigree was very likely confused with the Sir Nicholas Goushill of Barlborough, Derbyshire who was also at the battle of Shrewsbury. He was certainly a relative and contemporary of Robert Goushill and either brother or first cousin, but not his father. The first 1380's records that mention Robert Goushill appear with Sir Nicholas Goushill the ELDER given as the father of Robert Goushill. I believe the evidence stongly suggests that the father of Robert Goushill was the Sir Nicholas Goushill who died in 1393 and was buried at St. Michael's church at Hoveringham.


---------
From Wikipedia - Hoveringham :

Hoveringham is a small village in Nottinghamshire about 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Nottingham and on the west side of the River Trent , just off the A612 trunk road to Southwell . The adjacent area has extensive sand and gravel deposits which have been quarried there for many years.

Historical
Hoveringham "is a pleasant village and parish near the Trent , between Nottingham and Newark , five miles (8 km) south by west of Southwell . Its parish comprises 361 inhabitants and 850 acres (3.4 km2) of land. Near the village there was once a ferry across the Trent to Kneeton . In the reign on Henry III it was possessed by Hugh de Hoveringham , and afterwards passed to the Goushill family, by whom a great part of the estate was given to Thurgarton Priory, from which it passed to Trinity College, Cambridge , which has since received other lands in lieu of the tithes. This parish was tithe free for upwards of 70 years until 1851, when four shillings per acre was laid on as tithe, but it is the opinion of all the freeholders that it is not legal. In 1795, many old writings and documents which were deposited in the church were destroyed by the great flood. It is supposed that the writings belonging to the land which was set apart in lieu of the tithes were amongst them. Sir Richard Sutton, Bart., is lessee of the manorial rights, and of 647 acres (2.62 km2) of college land, which was held by the Cooper family, from the time of the Reformation till 1830. There are about 20 freeholders in the parish.The church is a small, ancient structure, dedicated to St. Michael , and is in the patronage of the same college. It is a perpetual curacy, was valued at £60, and is annexed to that of Thurgarton ."[2]

Noted events in his life were:

• Sheriff of Warwickshire: 1397.

• Knighted: by King Henry IV, 21 Jul 1403, at the Battle of Shrewsbury.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 253 M    i. Robert Goushill 273 was born about 1401 and died about 1415 about age 14.

+ 254 F    ii. Joan Goushill 220 254 274 275 was born about 1402 in <Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire>, England and died after 1460.

+ 255 F    iii. Elizabeth Goushill 271 was born about 1403.

+ 256 F    iv. Joyce Goushill .271

Elizabeth next married Sir Gerard Usflete 234 276 before 3 Jul 1414. Another name for Gerard was Sir Gerard Ufflete of Wigmore.

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, pp. 51-52:

"IV. LADY ELIZABETH FITZ ALAN, was born 1376, and died 8 Jul 1425. She married, first, before 1 December 1378, William de Montacute, son of William Earl of Salisbury, who died 6 August, 1383. She married, secondly, 1386, as his second wife, Thomas K. G. 7th Lord Mowbray Earl Marshall of England, 1st duke of Norfolk, and Earl of Nottingham, who died 22 September, 1399. She married, thirdly on or before the 1 September, 1401, Sir Robert Goushill, Knight, of Haveringham in the county of Nottingham, and Lord of Hault Hucknall Manor in Berbyshire. He had been Esquire to the duke of Norfolk her former husband. She married, fourthly, Sir Gerard Ufflete, Knight, of Wigmore, Yorkshire, but retained the title of Dowager Duchess of Norfolk until her death. The following letter written by her in 1421-2 is extant. The William Troutbeck there referred to was the grandfather of the William Troutbeck mentioned later.

"The letter is as follows:
'The Duchuse of Norff.

'Right dere and well beloved, we grete you well, and alsmycull as we have given under oure great seale of armes, unto oure servante Norman Babyngton, and Margaret his wife, and unto the heires of Norman, the third part of the manoirs of Staune Dunham and Troughford, with the app' tenuz, of which, William Troutbeck holds of us the third part t' me of his life yielding to us yerely a certayne rent, as the said William Troutbeck can declare you more pleyneley, we pray you with all oure hert, that ye make fine to be rered before you of the third part of the ad manoirs, and also of the third part of the ferme, the which the ad Troutbeck yeilds to us and oure sisters, unto the heres of Norman, and with warrantie, writen under oure greate seale at Annesley, xx May (1421-1422).

'To oure dere and right well beloved Peirs of Poole, Justice of Chester.'

"Seal of arms two and a half inches in diameter, bearing arms of England, with a label of three points impaling a shield blazoned, quarterly, 1st and 4th, checquey, 2nd and 3d, a lion rampant, Circumscriberd: 'x Sigillum d'ni Elizabeth ... Norforthie : comitisse : marchli : .. redby : de Knapp .. (Hist. Ches. Ormerod.)

"By her 3d husband, Sir Robert Goushill, Knight:
Joan Goushill, d. and heiress, of whom presently."

221. Richard FitzAlan (Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

Research Notes: d.s.p.

Source: Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 51

222. Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel, Earl of Surrey 219 235 236 237 (Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 13 Oct 1381 and died on 13 Oct 1415 at age 34.

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 51:

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth...
2. Thomas, who died S. P. and whose title passed to his kinsman, but whose lands descended to his sisters..."
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From Wikipedia - Elizabeth de Bohun :

Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel , Earl of Surrey KG (13 October 1381- 13 October 1415), married 26 November 1405, Beatrice, illegitimate daughter of King John I of Portugal and Inez Perez Esteves.[3] The marriage was childless.

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From Archæologia Cambrensis, Vol. VII, 6th series, 1907, p. 16 :
"He had a rather troublous time, many of his tenants having joined Owen Glyndwr, for which tenants he afterwards procured a pardon from the King. Moreover, it would seem that in his manor of Hewlington, just outside the franchise of Holt, now part of the township of the same, and certainly elsewhere within his lordship of Bromfield [Wrexham] and Yale, the country was wasted by Owen's adherents, and houses were destroyed; so that the stewards had to grant the lands to such as would take them at a lower rant than was formerly paid for the same...
"Altogether, we get the impression that Earl Thomas was a very fine sort of a man compared with the ordinary Lord Marcher of the time. He died without children surviving, and Henry V assigned to his widow, Beatrix of Portugal, as dower, certain possessions of the deceased lord."

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From Wikipedia - Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel :

Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel KG (13 October 1381 - 13 October 1415) was an English nobleman, one of the principals of the deposition of Richard II , and a major figure during the reign of Henry IV .

Lineage
He was the only surviving son of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel and his first wife, Elizabeth de Bohun . When he was 16 his father was executed and his lands and titles forfeited. Thomas was given as ward to the King's half-brother John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter , along with a large part of the Arundel estates. Holland greatly mistreated him, a matter Thomas was to cruelly repay many years later.

Escape and exile
Eventually Thomas escaped from his guardian and joined his uncle Thomas Arundel , the deposed Archbishop of Canterbury , in exile. The two eventually joined with another exile, the King's cousin Henry Bolingbroke .


The return of Bolingbroke and Restoration
Thomas followed Henry in his return to England in July 1399, and in the following events which led to the deposition of King Richard and Henry's crowning as King Henry IV. He was butler at the coronation, and shortly afterward the new King restored him to his titles and estates. These included two notable Earldoms; those of Earl of Arundel and Earl of Surrey , and large estates in the Welsh Marches .

The Epiphany Rising
Early the next year a group of Barons who had been close to the deposed King Richard II revolted-known as the Epiphany Rising -amongst them Thomas' former guardian John Holland. The latter was captured by followers of Thomas's aunt Joan, Countess of Hereford , and at Thomas' behest was soon executed (some claim he was tortured first).

The rebellion of Owain Glyndwr in Wales
The next few years Thomas was much occupied by events in the Welsh marches, where he had to help deal with the revolt of Owain Glyndwr which ran in full from 1400 to maybe 1412 but gained a great deal of early momentum until 1405. After the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403 he was appointed to defend the Marches from further attacks along its full length and then focused on defeating Glyndwr in the northern March adjacent to North Wales.

Revolt in the North
In 1405 there was a revolt in the north of England, led by the Archbishop of York , Richard le Scrope , and the 2nd Duke of Norfolk , John Mowbray . Thomas was the head of the Commission which condemned the pair to death. This apparently led to a falling out between Thomas and his uncle, Archbishop Thomas Arundel, who objected to the execution of a fellow prelate.


Portuguese alliance and marriages
King Henry's sister, Philippa of Lancaster , had married King John I of Portugal , and to further cement the alliance between England and Portugal, Thomas married Beatrice , the illegitimate daughter of King John. The wedding took place in London on 26 November 1405 , with King Henry IV in attendance.

Further Welsh conflict
In the following years Thomas again had to help suppress revolts in Wales and the Welsh Marches .

Alliance with Burgundy
Politically Thomas allied himself with the King's half-brothers the Beauforts, and when Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter was appointed Chancellor in 1410, Arundel became one of the King's principal councillors. Beaufort favored an alliance with Burgundy , and Arundel was one of the leaders of those sent to help fight the rival Armagnac faction in France. Sometime in this period Arundel was made a Knight of the Garter .

Death of King Henry IV
In 1412 the Beauforts lost power, and Arundel retired to his estates until the next year, when King Henry IV died. Of course his son, King Henry V restored Arundel to a place of influence, immediately appointing him Lord Treasurer, as well as constable of Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports .

French focus
Arundel was one of the initial commanders of Henry V's 1415 French campaign, but at the siege of Harfleur he, along with many others, fell ill and had to return to England.

Death
He never recovered, and died not long afterwards.

Succession
Arundel left no children. The castle and lordship of Arundel was inherited by his cousin John Fitzalan, 13th Earl of Arundel . The Earldom of Surrey fell into abeyance (or went extinct; authorities differ on this matter). The rest of his property was split amongst his three surviving sisters.

Noted events in his life were:

• Restored: to the estates of his father, including Holt Castle, 1399 or 1400. by Henry IV, becoming Lord of Bromfield (Wrexham), Yale, Chirk, Oswestry, Clun, etc.

• Lord of Bromfield (Wrexham) and Yale: 1399 or 1400.

• Lord of Chirk, Oswestry and Clun: 1399 or 1400.

• Indentured: to serve Henry, Prince of Wales, 20 Feb 1408. 277 and afterwards Henry V, for life, by sea and by land, in peace and in war, receiving for such service 250 marks yearly.

• Granted: a charter to the burgesses of Holt, Nov 1411. 278

Thomas married Beatrix, of Portugal,279 280 daughter of John I, King of Portugal and the Algarve and Inês Pires Estevez, on 26 Nov 1405 in London, England. Beatrix was born about 1386 in <Portugal> and died on 25 Oct 1437 in Bordeaux, France about age 51. Other names for Beatrix were Beatrice of Portugal and Beatriz of Portugal.

Marriage Notes: King Henry IV was in attendance.

Death Notes: Died from the Black Death.

Research Notes: Illegitimate daughter of King John I of Portugal.

From Archæologia Cambrensis, Vol. VII, 6th Series, 1907, pp. 16-17:

"[Earl Thomas] died without children surviving, and Henry V assigned to his widow, Beatrix of Portugal, as dower, certain possessions of the deceased lord. We learn what these lands were from the inquisition taken in Pentecost week, in the eighteenth year of Henry VI, after the death of Beatrix, on 23rd October, 1437. This inquisition has been printed in pp. 385-388, vol. i, of Powys Fadog, and I extract therefrom all that concerns Holt, Hewlington, and what is now the parish of Isycoed. The said Countess Beatrix had, among other things, 'a third of the gaol within the Castle Leonis, by the name of the Castle of Holt, with free ingress and egress, and safe custody of prisoners, and also the third part of a house called 'The Chekers' [the Exchequer Tower] within the said Castle; also the third part of all houses outside the ward of the Castle. Also l l l a certain stable for five horses next the court-house and near the ditch of the said Castle; also the third part of a garden, together with a pasture called 'Le Quarrer' [the quarry forming part of the moat whence the stone was hewed to build the Castle] adjoining the same; also the manor of Hewlington, the ringildry of Iscoed, and the park of Merseley.'

"...As Thomas Earl of Arundel died without heirs male surviving, his estates were divided, subject to the aforesaid dower, among his three sisters, or among their children or grandchildren in right of them. These sisters were Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; Joan, wife of William Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny; and Margaret, wife of Sir Roland Lenthall, knight, all of whom were still living on the 20th July, 1416. The inheritors of the three portions after the death of the Countess Beatrix were (1) John Mowbray, son of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; (2) Elizabeth, wife of Sir Edward Neville, and daughter of Richard, Earl of Worcester, who was the son of Joan, Lady Abergavenny; and (3) Edmund, son of Sir Roland and Margaret Lenthall."
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From Wikipedia - Beatriz, Countess of Arundel :

Beatriz of Portugal (Portuguese pronunciation: [bi?'t?i?] ; c. 1386 - 1447), LG (English : Beatrice or Beatrix) was a natural daughter of John I of Portugal and Inês Pires . She was a sister of Afonso, Duke of Braganza and half-sister of Edward of Portugal , Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra , Henry the Navigator , Isabella of Portugal , Infante João, Lord of Reguengos and Fernando, the Saint Prince (the so called Ínclita Geração ).

Beatrice was born c. 1386 perhaps in Veiros , Alentejo and married Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel on November 26 , 1405 in London , with King Henry IV in attendance. Thomas died on October 13 , 1415 ; she may have married John Holland, Earl of Huntingdon in 1432.

She died in Bordeaux , of black death in October 25 , 1447 .

She is sometimes confused with another Portuguese lady, Beatrice, wife of Gilbert Talbot, 5th Baron Talbot and subsequently of his steward, Thomas Fettiplace of East Shefford in Berkshire .


Noted events in her life were:

• Assigned, as dower,: certain possessions of her deceased husband by Henry V, Abt Oct 1415.

223. Alianora FitzAlan (Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

Research Notes: From the book Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 50:

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth:...
4. Alianora, who had Royal License 28 Oct. 1371, to marry Robert de Ufford, son of William Earl of Suffolk. [Notes from the Patent Rolls Inq. etc.]; but is said in 'Williamson's Evidences' to have died unmarried, p. 30.] [Hist. Cheshire, Ormerod, p. 38.]..."

224. Margaret FitzAlan 219 232 235 (Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1382 and died after 1423.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Elizabeth de Bohun :

Lady Margaret Fitzalan (1382- after 1423), married Sir Rowland Lenthall, of Hampton Court, Herefordshire, by whom she had two sons.
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From Archæologia Cambrensis, Vol. VII, 6th Series, 1907, pp. 16-17:

"...As Thomas Earl of Arundel died without heirs male surviving, his estates were divided, subject to the aforesaid dower, among his three sisters, or among their children or grandchildren in right of them. These sisters were Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; Joan, wife of William Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny; and Margaret, wife of Sir Roland Lenthall, knight, all of whom were still living on the 20th July, 1416. The inheritors of the three portions after the death of the Countess Beatrix [25 October 1447] were (1) John Mowbray, son of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; (2) Elizabeth, wife of Sir Edward Neville, and daughter of Richard, Earl of Worcester, who was the son of Joan, Lady Abergavenny; and (3) Edmund, son of Sir Roland and Margaret Lenthall."

Margaret married Sir Rowhall Lenthall, of Hampton Court, Herefordshire.209 219

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 50:

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth:...
7. Margaret, married Sir Rowland Lenthall."

225. Margaret FitzAlan (John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel and Lord Maltravers194, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1). Another name for Margaret was Margaret d'Arundel.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - William de Ros, 7th Baron de Ros

Margaret married William de Ros, 7th Baron de Ros on 9 Oct 1394. William was born in 1369 and died on 1 Sep 1414 at age 45.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - William de Ros, 7th Baron de Ros


The child from this marriage was:

+ 257 F    i. Margaret de Ros died after 1423.

226. Sir John FitzAlan, Lord of Arundel 239 (John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel and Lord Maltravers194, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 30 Nov 1364 and died on 14 Aug 1390 at age 25.

227. Mary de Bohun (Joan FitzAlan195, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1)

228. Eleanor de Bohun (Joan FitzAlan195, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died in 1399.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-34

229. Robert Puleston, Esq., of Emral 150 179 240 242 243 244 245 (Richard Puleston, Esq. of Emral198, Sir Roger Puleston, of Emral173, Angharad de Warenne, of Warren Hall, Salop162, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1358 in Emral, Flintshire, Wales and died after 1415. Another name for Robert was Robert Pyllesdon Lord of Emral manor, Caernarvonshire.

Research Notes: Eldest son of Richard Puleston of Emral.

Emral is sometimes spelled Emrall or Emrell.

From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales, Vol. I, p. 455: "Robert Puleston, Esq., of Emral, who m. Lowri, dau. of Gruffydd Vychan ap Gruffydd of Rhuddallt (sister of Owen Glyndwr). Robert Puleston became a strong supporter of the insurrection headed by the heroic Owen, his brother-in-law..., in consequence of which his estates were imperilled. By his wife Lowri he was father of--1. John Puleston, Esq., of Emral. 2 Madog, who m. Angharad, dau. and co-h. of David ap Gronwy (some say David ap Llewelyn--Dwnn, ii, 151), and became the progenitor of the Pulestons of Havodywern, Bersham (Dwnn, ii, 359), Llwynycnotie (ibid., 361) and Carnarvon (ibid., 150)...."
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From Ancestral Roots, Line 249-35 (Lowri ferch Gruffydd Fychan) "Proceedings at Scrope-Grosvenor trial show Puleston was Owen Glendower's brother-in-law."
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From Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, p. 123 has "Robert Puleston of Emrall, in the co. of Flint. (Sa., three mullets or.)"

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From Wikipedia - Robert Puleston :
Robert Puleston was a brother-in-law and supporter of Owain Glyndwr , at the time of his rebellion against King Henry IV of England in the early 1400s and afterwards.

Lineage
He was from a well established Welsh Marcher family [1]. Pulestons had settled during the reign of King Henry III in Newport, Shropshire initially, in Pilston village and manor, from where they derive their surname.
A Sir Roger de Puleston (died 1294) established himself at Emral in Maelor Saesneg , and was appointed the first Sheriff of Anglesey by King Edward I in 1293. His first task there was to impose the new English taxes (one fifteenth of all moveables) that unsurprisingly led to the revolt of Madog ap Llywelyn , at the height of which the Welsh mob seized the Sheriff and hanged him following a raid on Caernarvon borough.

Another Puleston, Richard de Puleston, was at this time King Edward's Sheriff in Caernarvonshire and had been appointed the same date as Sir Roger, so is very likely to have been a close relation, probably a brother.

Career
Robert Puleston was son of Richard Puleston. He was a witness in the Scrope v. Grosvenor Trial at Chester in 1386, alongside another witness Owain Glynd trial was to settle a dispute between Sir Richard le Scrope of Bolton and Sir Robert Grosvenor of Hulme concerning ownership of a coat of arms. During King Richard II 's military campaign in Scotland in 1385 three knights had borne the same coat of arms. Also involved was Carminow of Cornwall .

The Court was presided over by the Duke of Gloucester as Constable of England who also adjudicated on the eveidence presented by each party and their many witnesses. The trial was to run for five years.
Glynd gave evidence on behalf of Grosvenor saying he had seen Grosvenor bear the arms and that in the counties of Flintshire , Chester and Denbighshire they were accepted as being his rightfully. Glynd younger brother Tudur also testified to this, as did Puleston. However, eventually Scrope won.

Puleston later took part in Glynd rebellion and his extensive lands in the county of Chester , in Shropshire and Flintshire were declared forfeit before 1401. However as part of the programme of Royal Pardons meted out by the new King Henry V he received his old lands back, restored to him after the rebellion had petered out around 1415.

Marriage and issue
Robert Puleston married Owain Glynd's younger sister, Lowry. They had a son called John Puleston, whose will was proved in 1444. He married Angharad, a daughter of Griffith Hanmer, of the same family as Owain Glynd wife, Margaret Hanmer . Angharad was a granddaughter of Gronw ap Tudor of Anglesey . Another son, Roger Puleston (died 1469), who was a staunch ally of Jasper Tudor , Earl of Pembroke holding Denbigh Castle as Deputy Constable to Jasper Tudor in 1460 and 1461.

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From Welsh Biography Online - http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-PULE-EST-1283.html :

PULESTON family, of Emral , Plas-ym-mers , Hafod-y-wern , Llwynycnotiau , Caernarvon , etc.

(1) The Pulestons derived their name from the vill or manor of Pilston or Puleston, near Newport, Salop, where they were settled in the reign of Henry III, and continued to hold land at least until 1433. Sir ROGER DE PULESTON (d. 1294) is believed to have been the first to establish himself at Emral in Maelor Saesneg; he is described as 'de Embers-hall' in 1283; and the following year 'foresta domini Rogeri de Pyvylston' occurs as a boundary in a deed of sale of lands in Gwillington (Arch. Camb., 1888, 32, 293). On 20 March 1293/4 he was appointed by Edward I the first sheriff of Anglesey (Cal. Welsh Rolls, 283), and as such was responsible for levying the odious tax of a fifteenth on moveables which precipitated the revolt led by Madog ap Llywelyn (q.v.) in the autumn of 1294. At the height of the rising the hated sheriff was seized and hanged by the Anglesey Welshmen during a sudden raid on the borough of Caernarvon. In all probability Master Richard de Puleston, who was sheriff of Caernarvonshire, 1284-95 (he was appointed on the same day as Sir Roger), was of the same family, although the pedigrees do not help to establish his exact identity. ROBERT PULESTON, son of Richard Puleston of Emral (alive 1382/3 - B. M. Harley MS. 1971), was a witness in the celebrated Scrope-Grosvenor trial of [1386], together with Owain Glyn Dwr (q.v.) , whose sister Lowry he married. For his part in the rebellion Robert's estates in the counties of Chester, Salop, and Flint were forfeited (Cal. Pat. Rolls, Henry IV, 1399-1401, 370), but were later restored. Robert's grandson, ROGER PULESTON (d. 1469), whose father, JOHN PULESTON (will proved 17 April 1444), had m. Angharad, daughter of Griffith Hanmer and grand-daughter of Tudur ap Gronwy of Anglesey, was a staunch Lancastrian and held Denbigh castle as deputy-constable to his kinsman, Jasper, earl of Pembroke during the campaign of 1460-1.


Noted events in his life were:

• Witnessed a charter: in Scrope-Grosvenor trial, 1386.

Robert married Lowry Fychan verch Gruffydd Fychan, daughter of Gruffydd Fychan II ap Gruffydd ap Madog, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy and Elen verch Thomas ap Llewellyn Owen,. Lowry was born about 1367. Other names for Lowry were Lowry Fychan, Lowrie verch Griffith Vychan, Lowri ferch Gruffydd Fychan, Lowry Vaughan, and Lowry Vychan.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg60.htm#1198 has b. abt 1367.

Rootsweb Celtic Royal Genealogy has b. abt 1362.

Also familysearch.org (Kevin Bradford) has b. abt. 1360.

From Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912, p. 800-801:
"LOWRY VAUGHAN, sister to the celebrated Owen Glendower. She m. Robert Pyllesdon, or Puleston, lord of Emral manor, Caernarvonshire, and had, JOHN PULESTON..."

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, Issued by the Powys-Land Club for the Use of Its Members, London, 1880, p. 123 has "Lowry, dau. of Griffith. (Paly of 8 ar. and gu., a lion ramp. sa.)"

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 249-365 has Lowri ferch Gruffydd Fychan


Children from this marriage were:

+ 258 F    i. Angharad Puleston 281 282 283 284 285 was born about 1384 and died in 1448 about age 64.

+ 259 M    ii. John Puleston, Esq., of Emral was born about 1380 and died before 17 Apr 1444.

+ 260 M    iii. Madog Puleston, of Bers was born about 1390 in Emral, Flintshire, Wales.

+ 261 M    iv. Roger Puleston 286 died in 1469.

230. James Botiller, 3rd Earl of Ormond (James Botiller, 2nd Earl of Ormond200, Eleanor de Bohun174, Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born after 1361 and died in Sep 1405. Another name for James was James Butler 3rd Earl of Ormond.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 7-32

James married Anne Welles, daughter of John de Welles and Maud de Ros, before 17 Jun 1386. Anne died before 13 Nov 1405.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 7-32 (James Botiller)


The child from this marriage was:

+ 262 M    i. James Botiller, 4th Earl of Ormond was born in 1391 and died on 23 Aug 1452 at age 61.

231. Sir Richard Talbot, Lord Talbot 247 (Petronilla Botiller201, Eleanor de Bohun174, Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1361 and died about 7 Sep 1396 about age 35.

Noted events in his life were:

• Baron Talbot de Blackmere:

• Member of Parliament: 1384.

Richard married Ankaret le Strange, 7th Baroness Strange of Blackmere,229 230 daughter of John le Strange, 4th Baron Strange of Blackmere and Isabel FitzAlan, before 23 Aug 1383. Ankaret was born in 1361 and died in 1413 at age 52. Another name for Ankaret was Ankaret Talbot 7th Baroness Strange of Blackmere.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 216)

232. Mary Talbot 248 (Petronilla Botiller201, Eleanor de Bohun174, Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died on 13 Apr 1434.

233. Joan de Cobham 249 (Margaret Courtenay202, Margaret de Bohun178, Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1340 in <Cobham, Kent>, England, died about 1388 in Chrishall, Essex, England about age 48, and was buried in Chrishall, Essex, England.

Joan married John de la Pole,249 son of William de la Pole and Margaret Peverel, on 21 Oct 1362. John was born about 1335 in <Chrishall, Essex>, England and died before 1389 in Chrishall, Essex, England. Another name for John was John De la Pole.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 263 F    i. Joan de la Pole 249 was born about 1372 in <Chrishall, Essex>, England, died on 13 Jan 1434 in Cobham, Kent, England about age 62, and was buried in Mary Magdalen, Cobham, Kent, England.

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234. Isabel Stanley (Sir John de Stanley, King & Lord of the Isle of Man and the Isles, K.G.205, Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1398.

Research Notes: Source: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919

Isabel married John Warren.

Research Notes: Source: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919

Isabel next married Sir Richard Dalton, of Apthorp, Northants., son of Sir John Dalton and Unknown,. Richard was born about 1350 in Althorp, Northampton, England.

Research Notes: http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I64504

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, line 199-35 (Joan Troutbeck)


The child from this marriage was:

+ 264 F    i. Alice Dalton 287 288 289 290 was born about 1425 in Apethorpe, Northamptonshire, England and died in 1483 about age 58.


235. Sir Thomas de Stanley, K.G., 1st Baron Stanley, Lord Lt. of Ireland 220 251 252 253 254 255 256 (Sir John de Stanley, King & Lord of the Isle of Man and the Isles, K.G.205, Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1406 in Lathom, Ormskirk, Lancashire, England and died on 11 Feb 1459 in Knowsley, Lancashire, England at age 53. Other names for Thomas were Thomas Stanley Baron Stanley and Thomas de Stanley Lord Stanley.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. abt 1388.

http://stanleyroots.co.uk/thenorthwest.htm has b. 1405

Death Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has d. 11 Feb 1458 or 1459

According to http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653270085, he died on 11 Feb 1459 in Knowlesley, Lancashire, England.

Ancestral Roots (Line 57-36) has 20 Feb 1459 - Burial date?

Research Notes: Knight of the Garter, Lord of Lathom and Knowsley, 1st Baron Stanley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, King's Chamberlain, Justice of the Counties of chester, Flint and North Wales.
-------------------
From The History of the House of Stanley from the Conquest to the Death of the Right Honourable Edward, Late Earl of Derby, in 1776, p. 229:
"Sir Thomas Stanley, Knt. Comptroller of the Household to King Henry VI, who created him the first Baron Stanley. Of this Thomas are the Earls of Derby, the Lord Monteagle, and the Stanleys of Lancashire."
-------------
Per Wikipedia (Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby), d. 1459. Per Wikipedia, was a maternal ancestor of John Lennon.

--------------
From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, pp. 52-53:

"V. LADY JOAN GOUSHILL, daughter and heiress of Sir Robert Goushill, by Elizabeth Fitz Alan, married Sir Thomas Stanley, 1st Lord Stanley, Knight of the Garter, who died 37 Henry VI. [Dugdale II. p. 248]. [E. Stemmate,--Ece. 37. H. 6]. 'Who being a Knight in 9 Henry 6 was constituted Lieutenant of Ireland, for the term of six years, and in 27 Henry 6 (with John Viscount Beaumont and others) was one of the Commissioners appointed to treat with the Scots for a truce between both Relms. In 28 Henry 6 (with James Earl of Wiltshire and others) he was put in commission for the defence of the Town and Castle of Calais; and also of the meedes adjacent, and Toure of Kirfbank, for the term of five years. He was likewise Chamberlain to the King; and in 30 Henry 6 was again constituted a Commissioner, to treat with James Earl of Douglass upon those articles which had been formerly signed by him.'

"He had issue by Joan Goushill, his wife:
1. Thomas Stanley, Earl of Derby.
2. Sir William Stanley, of Holt, who crowned Henry VII. on Boxworth field; Chamberlain to the King. Beheaded 1494.
3. John Stanley, of Weever, Cheshire.
4. James Stanley, Archdeacon of Chester.
5. Margaret, married Sir William Troutbeck, of whom presently.
6. Elizabeth, married Sir Richard Molineux, Knt.
7. Katherine, married Sir John Savage."

----------
From Wikipedia - Thomas Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley :

Thomas Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley KG (c. 1405 -20 February 1459 ), was an English politician.

Stanley was the son of Sir John Stanley and Isabell Harington , daughter of Robert de Harington and Isabel Loring . He served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1431 to 1436 and also represented Lancashire in the House of Commons between 1447 and 1451 and 1453 and 1454. In 1456 he was summoned to the House of Lords as Lord Stanley. A year later he was further honoured when he was made a Knight of the Garter .

Lord Stanley married Joan Goushill , the only daughter and heiress of Sir Robert Goushill and Elizabeth FitzAlan , daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel . They had six children, three sons, Thomas, William, and John and three daughters. He died in February 1459 and was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son Thomas , who was created Earl of Derby in 1485. His third son the Hon. Sir John Stanley was the ancestor of the Barons Stanley of Alderley .

Noted events in his life were:

• Created: Baron, 1456.

Thomas married Joan Goushill,220 254 274 275 daughter of Sir Robert Goushill, of Hoveringham, Lord of Hault Hucknall Manor and Elizabeth FitzAlan, d'Arundelle, about 1427.291 Joan was born about 1402 in <Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire>, England and died after 1460. Another name for Joan was Joan Gousell.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. abt 1402

Death Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has d. Feb 1457 or 1458.

Wikipedia has d. 1459.

Research Notes: Only daughter, and heiress, of Sir Robert Goushill.

Primary source: Wikipedia, ref. The Complete Peerage, Vol XII/1, pg 249-252; Rolls of Parliament, vol. v. pp 279, 312b, and 348; British Queens and Kings, Mike Ashley Name spelled Gousell or Goushill.

----

From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, , p. 52-53:

"V. LADY JOAN GOUSHILL, daughter and heiress of Sir Robert Goushill, by Elizabeth Fitz Alan, married Sir Thomas Stanley, 1st Lord Stanley, Knight of the Garter, who died 37 Henry VI. [Dugdale II. p. 248]. [E. Stemmate,--Ece. 37. H. 6]. 'Who being a Knight in 9 Henry 6 was constituted Lieutenant of Ireland, for the term of six years, and in 27 Henry 6 (with John Viscount Beaumont and others) was one of the Commissioners appointed to treat with the Scots for a truce between both Relms. In 28 Henry 6 (with James Earl of Wiltshire and others) he was put in commission for the defence of the Town and Castle of Calais; and also of the meedes adjacent, and Toure of Kirfbank, for the term of five years. He was likewise Chamberlain to the King; and in 30 Henry 6 was again constituted a Commissioner, to treat with James Earl of Douglass upon those articles which had been formerly signed by him.'

"He had issue by Joan Goushill, his wife:
1. Thomas Stanley, Earl of Derby.
2. Sir William Stanley, of Holt, who crowned Henry VII. on Boxworth field; Chamberlain to the King. Beheaded 1494.
3. John Stanley, of Weever, Cheshire.
4. James Stanley, Archdeacon of Chester.
5. Margaret, married Sir William Troutbeck, of whom presently.
6. Elizabeth, married Sir Richard Molineux, Knt.
7. Katherine, married Sir John Savage."


Noted events in her life were:

• Living: 1460.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 265 F    i. Elizabeth Stanley 292 293 was born about 1429 in Lathom (Latham), Ormskirk, Lancashire, England.294

+ 266 F    ii. Margaret Stanley 295 296 297 was born about 1433 in Lathom, Ormskirk, Lancashire, England.291

+ 267 M    iii. Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby 222 292 298 was born in 1435 and died on 29 Jul 1504 in Lathom (Latham), Ormskirk, Lancashire, England at age 69.

+ 268 M    iv. Sir William Stanley, of Holt, K.G. 222 292 299 300 301 was born about 1435 in Lathom, Ormskirk, Lancashire, England and died on 16 Feb 1495 about age 60.

+ 269 M    v. Sir John Stanley, of Weever, Cheshire .292 293

+ 270 M    vi. James Stanley, Archdeacon of Chester .

+ 271 F    vii. Katherine Stanley .270 292

236. Richard Stanley (Sir John de Stanley, King & Lord of the Isle of Man and the Isles, K.G.205, Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1412.

Research Notes: Source: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919

237. Edward Stanley (Sir John de Stanley, King & Lord of the Isle of Man and the Isles, K.G.205, Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1414.

Research Notes: Source: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919

238. Alice Stanley (Sir John de Stanley, King & Lord of the Isle of Man and the Isles, K.G.205, Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1416 and died on 26 Nov 1477 about age 61.

Research Notes: Source: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919

239. John Stanley (Thomas Stanley207, Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1423 and died about 1474 about age 51.

Research Notes: Source: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919

240. Anne Stanley (Thomas Stanley207, Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1425 and died about 1481 about age 56.

Research Notes: Source: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919

241. George Stanley (Thomas Stanley207, Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1450.

Research Notes: Source: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919

242. Mary Clifford 79 (John Clifford210, Baron Thomas de Clifford184, Baron Roger de Clifford, Lord of Appleby and Cumberland166, Isabel Berkeley153, Maurice de Berkeley140, Joan de Ferrers125, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1416 in <Appleby>, Westmoreland, England, died on 4 Oct 1478 about age 62, and was buried in Friars Minor, Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

Mary married Philip Wentworth, of Nettlestead, Suffolk,195 son of Roger Wentworth, of Nettlestead, Suffolk and Margaret Despenser, of Nettlestead, Suffolk, in 1447 in Skelton, North Yorkshire, England. Philip was born about 1424, died on 18 May 1464 about age 40, and was buried in New Sarum Abbey, Wiltshire, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 272 M    i. Henry Wentworth, of Nettlestead, Suffolk 195 was born about 1450, died on 1 Aug 1499 about age 49, and was buried in Newson Abbey, Lincolnshire, England.

243. Thomas de Clifford, 8th Lord/Sheriff Westmore (John Clifford210, Baron Thomas de Clifford184, Baron Roger de Clifford, Lord of Appleby and Cumberland166, Isabel Berkeley153, Maurice de Berkeley140, Joan de Ferrers125, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 26 Mar 1414 in Westmoreland, England and died on 22 May 1455 in St. Alban's, Hertfordshire, England at age 41.

Death Notes: in battle

Research Notes: http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I96342

OCCUPATION: 8th Lord Clifford, sheriff of Westmorland, member Parliment 1436-1453.

244. Alice de Clifford (John Clifford210, Baron Thomas de Clifford184, Baron Roger de Clifford, Lord of Appleby and Cumberland166, Isabel Berkeley153, Maurice de Berkeley140, Joan de Ferrers125, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

Alice married Sir Richard Dalton, of Apthorp, Northants., son of Sir John Dalton and Unknown,. Richard was born about 1350 in Althorp, Northampton, England.

Research Notes: http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I64504

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, line 199-35 (Joan Troutbeck)

245. John Neville 84 (John de Neville211, Ralph de Neville185, John Neville169, Ralph Neville156, Eupheme FitzRoger Clavering144, Margery La Zouche130, Helen de Quincy, of Brackley114, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1410 in <Raby, Durham>, England and died on 29 Mar 1461 in Battle Of Towtown, Yorkshire, England about age 51.

John married someone.

His child was:

+ 273 M    i. Ralph Nevill, Earl of Westmorland 84 302 was born about 1456 in <Raby, Durham>, England, died on 6 Feb 1499 in Hornby Castle, North Riding, Yorkshire, England about age 43, and was buried in Hornby Castle, North Riding, Yorkshire, England.

246. John de Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk 258 (Catherine Neville212, Ralph de Neville185, John Neville169, Ralph Neville156, Eupheme FitzRoger Clavering144, Margery La Zouche130, Helen de Quincy, of Brackley114, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 12 Sep 1415 and died on 6 Nov 1461 at age 46.

Noted events in his life were:

• 9th Duke of Norfolk:

John married Eleanor Bourchier 303 in 1444. Eleanor died in 1474.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 274 M    i. John de Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham, Duke of Norfolk 304 was born on 18 Oct 1444 and died on 17 Jan 1476 at age 31.

247. Philip Le Despenser, of Gedney, Lincolnshire 195 (Philip Le Despenser, of Camoys Manor, Toppesfield, Essex213, Philip Le Despenser, of Stoke, Gloucestershire186, Eleanor de Clare170, Sir Gilbert de Clare, 9th Earl of Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford158, Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln146, Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born on 18 Oct 1342 in <Gedney, Lincolnshire>, England, was christened on 18 Oct 1342 in Gedney, Lincolnshire, England, and died on 4 Aug 1401 in Goxhill, Lincolnshire, England at age 58.

Philip married Elizabeth.79 Elizabeth was born about 1350 in <Nettlestead, Suffolk>, England and was buried in Newhouse Abbey, Lincolnshire, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 275 M    i. Philip Despenser, of Nettlestead, Suffolk 195 was born about 1366 and died on 20 Jun 1424 about age 58.

248. Elizabeth Tiptoft 79 (Robert Tiptoft214, Margery de Badlesmere188, Margaret de Clare171, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal159, Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln146, Margaret de Quincy132, Robert II de Quincy119, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1370 in <Nettlestead, Suffolk>, England, died on 20 Apr 1478 about age 108, and was buried in Grey Friars, Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

Elizabeth married Philip Despenser, of Nettlestead, Suffolk,195 son of Philip Le Despenser, of Gedney, Lincolnshire and Elizabeth,. Philip was born about 1366 and died on 20 Jun 1424 about age 58.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 276 F    i. Margaret Despenser, of Nettlestead, Suffolk 195 was born in 1397 and died on 20 Apr 1478 at age 81.

249. Sir Edward Cherleton, K.G., Lord of Cherleton 260 (Alice FitzAlan218, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1371 and died 14 Mar 1420 or 1421 about age 49.

250. Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk 267 (Elizabeth FitzAlan, d'Arundelle220, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1385 and died on 8 Jun 1405 at age 20.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk :

Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk and 2nd Earl of Nottingham (1385 - June 8 , 1405 ), English nobleman and rebel, was the son of Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk and Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan .

Upon the death of his father in Venice , he was allowed to succeed him as Earl of Norfolk and Nottingham , but not as Duke of Norfolk . He also received his father's title of Earl Marshal , but on a strictly honorary basis, the military rank being held by Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland as the Marshal of England. He was betrothed to Constance Holland , daughter of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter , then a child, but the marriage was never consummated.

A quarrel over precedence with Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick supposedly led to his estrangement from the court of Henry IV . Disaffected, he became involved with the latest rebellion of the Percies in the north, and raised an army with Richard le Scrope , Archbishop of York . Deserted by the Earl of Northumberland , Norfolk and Scrope were brought to book on Shipton Moor by a large royal army under John of Lancaster and the Earl of Westmorland. Seeking a parley, they were arrested as soon as they disbanded their followers. When Chief Justice Sir William Gascoigne refused to pass sentence upon them before they were tried by their peers, Henry had both summarily beheaded, without color of law, in York on June 8 , 1405 . This conspiracy is the main historical context for Shakespeare 's Henry IV, part 2 , and the execution is described with the words "so much for Lancaster".

251. John de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk 257 (Elizabeth FitzAlan, d'Arundelle220, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1392 and died on 19 Oct 1432 in Epworth at age 40.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk :

John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (1392 - 19 October 1432 ) was an English nobleman .

He was the younger son of Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk , and succeeded his elder brother Thomas as 5th Earl of Norfolk and 3rd Earl of Nottingham in 1405 . He was appointed Earl Marshal of England in 1412 and in 1415 sat in judgment on Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge . In 1425 he was restored to his father's confiscated Dukedom of Norfolk .

He married Lady Katherine Neville , daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland , and had only one son, John , later 3rd Duke of Norfolk.

He went to France with King Henry V and took part in the siege of Harfleur .

He was too ill to fight at Agincourt .

He died in 1432 at Epworth , where his father had founded a monastery.


-----------

From Archæologia Cambrensis, Vol. VII, 6th Series, 1907, pp. 16-17:

"...As Thomas Earl of Arundel died without heirs male surviving, his estates were divided, subject to the aforesaid dower, among his three sisters, or among their children or grandchildren in right of them. These sisters were Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; Joan, wife of William Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny; and Margaret, wife of Sir Roland Lenthall, knight, all of whom were still living on the 20th July, 1416. The inheritors of the three portions after the death of the Countess Beatrix [25 October 1447] were (1) John Mowbray, son of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; (2) Elizabeth, wife of Sir Edward Neville, and daughter of Richard, Earl of Worcester, who was the son of Joan, Lady Abergavenny; and (3) Edmund, son of Sir Roland and Margaret Lenthall."

Noted events in his life were:

• Lord Mowbray and Segrave:

• 5th Earl of Norfolk: 1405.

• 3rd Earl of Nottingham: 1405.

• Earl Marshal of England: 1412.

John married Catherine Neville,226 daughter of Ralph de Neville and Unknown, on 12 Jan 1412.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 212)

252. Margaret de Mowbray (Elizabeth FitzAlan, d'Arundelle220, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 16-33

253. Robert Goushill 273 (Elizabeth FitzAlan, d'Arundelle220, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1401 and died about 1415 about age 14.

Research Notes: Died in childhood.

254. Joan Goushill 220 254 274 275 (Elizabeth FitzAlan, d'Arundelle220, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1402 in <Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire>, England and died after 1460. Another name for Joan was Joan Gousell.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. abt 1402

Death Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has d. Feb 1457 or 1458.

Wikipedia has d. 1459.

Research Notes: Only daughter, and heiress, of Sir Robert Goushill.

Primary source: Wikipedia, ref. The Complete Peerage, Vol XII/1, pg 249-252; Rolls of Parliament, vol. v. pp 279, 312b, and 348; British Queens and Kings, Mike Ashley Name spelled Gousell or Goushill.

----

From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, , p. 52-53:

"V. LADY JOAN GOUSHILL, daughter and heiress of Sir Robert Goushill, by Elizabeth Fitz Alan, married Sir Thomas Stanley, 1st Lord Stanley, Knight of the Garter, who died 37 Henry VI. [Dugdale II. p. 248]. [E. Stemmate,--Ece. 37. H. 6]. 'Who being a Knight in 9 Henry 6 was constituted Lieutenant of Ireland, for the term of six years, and in 27 Henry 6 (with John Viscount Beaumont and others) was one of the Commissioners appointed to treat with the Scots for a truce between both Relms. In 28 Henry 6 (with James Earl of Wiltshire and others) he was put in commission for the defence of the Town and Castle of Calais; and also of the meedes adjacent, and Toure of Kirfbank, for the term of five years. He was likewise Chamberlain to the King; and in 30 Henry 6 was again constituted a Commissioner, to treat with James Earl of Douglass upon those articles which had been formerly signed by him.'

"He had issue by Joan Goushill, his wife:
1. Thomas Stanley, Earl of Derby.
2. Sir William Stanley, of Holt, who crowned Henry VII. on Boxworth field; Chamberlain to the King. Beheaded 1494.
3. John Stanley, of Weever, Cheshire.
4. James Stanley, Archdeacon of Chester.
5. Margaret, married Sir William Troutbeck, of whom presently.
6. Elizabeth, married Sir Richard Molineux, Knt.
7. Katherine, married Sir John Savage."


Noted events in her life were:

• Living: 1460.

Joan married Sir Thomas de Stanley, K.G., 1st Baron Stanley, Lord Lt. of Ireland,220 251 252 253 254 255 256 son of Sir John de Stanley, King & Lord of the Isle of Man and the Isles, K.G. and Isabel Harrington, about 1427.291 Thomas was born in 1406 in Lathom, Ormskirk, Lancashire, England and died on 11 Feb 1459 in Knowsley, Lancashire, England at age 53. Other names for Thomas were Thomas Stanley Baron Stanley and Thomas de Stanley Lord Stanley.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. abt 1388.

http://stanleyroots.co.uk/thenorthwest.htm has b. 1405

Death Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has d. 11 Feb 1458 or 1459

According to http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I653270085, he died on 11 Feb 1459 in Knowlesley, Lancashire, England.

Ancestral Roots (Line 57-36) has 20 Feb 1459 - Burial date?

Research Notes: Knight of the Garter, Lord of Lathom and Knowsley, 1st Baron Stanley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, King's Chamberlain, Justice of the Counties of chester, Flint and North Wales.
-------------------
From The History of the House of Stanley from the Conquest to the Death of the Right Honourable Edward, Late Earl of Derby, in 1776, p. 229:
"Sir Thomas Stanley, Knt. Comptroller of the Household to King Henry VI, who created him the first Baron Stanley. Of this Thomas are the Earls of Derby, the Lord Monteagle, and the Stanleys of Lancashire."
-------------
Per Wikipedia (Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby), d. 1459. Per Wikipedia, was a maternal ancestor of John Lennon.

--------------
From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, pp. 52-53:

"V. LADY JOAN GOUSHILL, daughter and heiress of Sir Robert Goushill, by Elizabeth Fitz Alan, married Sir Thomas Stanley, 1st Lord Stanley, Knight of the Garter, who died 37 Henry VI. [Dugdale II. p. 248]. [E. Stemmate,--Ece. 37. H. 6]. 'Who being a Knight in 9 Henry 6 was constituted Lieutenant of Ireland, for the term of six years, and in 27 Henry 6 (with John Viscount Beaumont and others) was one of the Commissioners appointed to treat with the Scots for a truce between both Relms. In 28 Henry 6 (with James Earl of Wiltshire and others) he was put in commission for the defence of the Town and Castle of Calais; and also of the meedes adjacent, and Toure of Kirfbank, for the term of five years. He was likewise Chamberlain to the King; and in 30 Henry 6 was again constituted a Commissioner, to treat with James Earl of Douglass upon those articles which had been formerly signed by him.'

"He had issue by Joan Goushill, his wife:
1. Thomas Stanley, Earl of Derby.
2. Sir William Stanley, of Holt, who crowned Henry VII. on Boxworth field; Chamberlain to the King. Beheaded 1494.
3. John Stanley, of Weever, Cheshire.
4. James Stanley, Archdeacon of Chester.
5. Margaret, married Sir William Troutbeck, of whom presently.
6. Elizabeth, married Sir Richard Molineux, Knt.
7. Katherine, married Sir John Savage."

----------
From Wikipedia - Thomas Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley :

Thomas Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley KG (c. 1405 -20 February 1459 ), was an English politician.

Stanley was the son of Sir John Stanley and Isabell Harington , daughter of Robert de Harington and Isabel Loring . He served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1431 to 1436 and also represented Lancashire in the House of Commons between 1447 and 1451 and 1453 and 1454. In 1456 he was summoned to the House of Lords as Lord Stanley. A year later he was further honoured when he was made a Knight of the Garter .

Lord Stanley married Joan Goushill , the only daughter and heiress of Sir Robert Goushill and Elizabeth FitzAlan , daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel . They had six children, three sons, Thomas, William, and John and three daughters. He died in February 1459 and was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son Thomas , who was created Earl of Derby in 1485. His third son the Hon. Sir John Stanley was the ancestor of the Barons Stanley of Alderley .

Noted events in his life were:

• Created: Baron, 1456.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 235)

255. Elizabeth Goushill 271 (Elizabeth FitzAlan, d'Arundelle220, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1403.

256. Joyce Goushill 271 (Elizabeth FitzAlan, d'Arundelle220, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey193, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1).

257. Margaret de Ros (Margaret FitzAlan225, John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel and Lord Maltravers194, Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne172, Alice de Warenne160, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died after 1423.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - James Touchet, 5th Baron Audley

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 176B-36 (James Tuchet)

Margaret married James Touchet, 5th Baron Audley,305 306 307 son of Sir John Tuchet, 4th Baron Audley, Lord Audley and Isabel, on 24 Feb 1415. James was born about 1398, died on 23 Sep 1459 in Battle of Blore Heath, Blore Heath, Staffordshire, England about age 61, and was buried in Darley Abbey, north of Derby, Derbyshire, East Midlands, England. Other names for James were Tuchet James 5th Baron Audley, James Touchet Lord Audley, and James Touchett.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - James Touchet, 5th Baron Audley :

James Touchet, 5th Baron Audley, son of John Tuchet , 4th Baron Audley and his wife Isabel, was a distinguished veteran of the Hundred Years' War . In the opening phase of the Wars of the Roses he raised troops from his estates in Cheshire , Shropshire ,Staffordshire and Derbyshire and commanded the Lancastrian force that moved to block the Yorkist Earl of Salisbury's route to Ludlow where he intended linking up with the rest of the Yorkist army. The two forces clashed in the Battle of Blore Heath on 23rd September 1459 and Audley was killed, possibly by Sir Roger Kynaston of Stocks near Ellesmere . After the battle (Kynaston incorporated emblems of the Audley coat-of-arms into his own). Audley's Cross still stands on the battlefield to this day, and marks the spot where he died. Audley was buried in Darley Abbey, north of Derby , about 40 miles away from Blore Heath. Unfortunately, the Abbey no longer stands, so his final resting place is no longer marked.

Marriages and children
Audley was first married on February 24 , 1414 /1415 to Margaret, daughter to William de Ros, 7th Baron de Ros and Margaret Fitzalan and Margaret, daughter to John Fitzalan and Eleanor Maltravers . They were parents to three children:

John Touchet, 6th Baron Audley (born circa 1420 - September 26 , 1490 ).
Margaret Touchet (born circa 1422 - died before 1480). Married Richard Grey, 3rd Earl of Tankerville .
Anne Touchet (born circa 1427 - 1503 ). She married Sir Thomas Dutton . Sir Thomas Dutton died in the battle of Blore Heath along with his father-in-law James Touchet, Lord Audley, 5th Baron of Audley of Heighley Castle.

Audley was married second to Eleanor de Holland , an illegitimate daughter to Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent and his mistress, Constance of York , daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, Duke of York . They were parents to at least seven children:
Elizabeth Touchet (born circa 1433). She married Edward Brooke, 6th Baron Cobham .
Sir Humphrey Touchet (born circa 1435 - May 6 , 1471 ). He married Elizabeth Courtenay, widow of Sir James Luttrell. Like his father, he supported the House of Lancaster. He was taken prisoner at the battle of Tewkesbury and tried before Richard, Duke of Gloucester and the Duke of Norfolk. Executed with other Lancastrian leaders in the Market Square he was buried under the pavement in the Chapel of St Nicolas, in the Abbey Church of St Mary the Virgin.
Edmund Audley (born circa 1437 - August 23 , 1524 ). Successively Bishop of Rochester , Bishop of Hereford and Bishop of Salisbury . He died in 1524 and is buried under a canopied tomb chest in a Chantry Chapel in the east section of the North choir aisle of Salisbury Cathedral.
Thomas Touchet (born circa 1439 - June 1507 ). Married Catherine.
A daughter (Christian name unknown) who was born circa 1442. Known to have married Humphrey Grey. He was son of Henry Grey, 2nd Earl of Tankerville , and Antigone of Gloucester . Antigone was reputed to be an illegitimate daughter of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester and Eleanor Cobham.
Constance Touchet (born circa 1443). She married Sir Robert Whitney.

Descendants
Descendants of Lord Audley include U.S. Presidents Thomas Jefferson , Millard Fillmore , and Warren G. Harding and the late Diana, Princess of Wales .

Noted events in his life were:

• Member: of Parliament, Betw 1421 and 1455.

258. Angharad Puleston 281 282 283 284 285 (Robert Puleston, Esq., of Emral229, Richard Puleston, Esq. of Emral198, Sir Roger Puleston, of Emral173, Angharad de Warenne, of Warren Hall, Salop162, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1384 and died in 1448 about age 64.

Angharad married Edwart Trevor ap Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam, of Bryncinallt, son of Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel and Gwenhwyfar verch Adda Goch,. Edwart was born about 1382 and died in 1448 about age 66. Other names for Edwart were Edwart ap Daffyd of Bryncinallt, Iorwerth Trevor ap Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam of Bryncinallt, Edward ap David ap Ednyfed Gam of Brynkynallt, co. Denbigh, and Edward Trevor of Bryncinallt.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 249-36 (Angharad Puleston).

Also Source: http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872118

From A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 506 "EDWARD AP DAVID, who m. Angharad, dau. (by Lowrie, sister of OWEN GLENDOWER, and dau. of Griffith Vychan, Lord of Glyndwrdwy, co. Merioneth; see HUGHES or GWERCLAS) of Roibert Puleston, of Emrall, co. Flint, Esq. (see BURKE'S Peerage and Baronetage, PULESTON or EMRALL,) and dying in 1448, had issue, I. JOHN, II. Richard-Trevor, progenitor of the TREVORS OF OSWESTRY, co. Salop.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 277 M    i. John ap Edward ap David, of Brynkynallt, co. Denbigh

+ 278 M    ii. Richard-Trevor ap Edward ap David

+ 279 F    iii. Rose Trevor ferch Edwart ap Daffyd .

259. John Puleston, Esq., of Emral (Robert Puleston, Esq., of Emral229, Richard Puleston, Esq. of Emral198, Sir Roger Puleston, of Emral173, Angharad de Warenne, of Warren Hall, Salop162, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1380 and died before 17 Apr 1444.

Research Notes: First son of Robert Puleston of Emral

RootsWeb - Celtic Royal Genealogy - has b. abt 1380, d. 1444

Source: Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, (London, 1872), p. 455

From Wikipedia - Robert Puleston :

"Robert Puleston married Owain Glynd younger sister, Lowry. They had a son called John Puleston, whose will was proved in 1444. He married Angharad, a daughter of Griffith Hanmer, of the same family as Owain Glynd wife, Margaret Hanmer . Angharad was a granddaughter of Gronw ap Tudor of Anglesey ."

From Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912, pp. 800-801:
"LOWRY VAUGHAN, sister to the celebrated Owen Glendower. She m. Robert Pyllesdon, or Puleston, lord of Emral manor, Caernarvonshire, and had, JOHN PULESTON, of Emral, heir, who.m. Angharad, dau. of Griffith de Hanmer, and had, MARGARET PULESTON..."

From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 455:
"Sir John, the first son [of Robert Puleston], m. Angharad, dau. and h. of Gruffydd Hanmer, Esq., of Hanmer, Flintshire, and had issue, besides Catherine, who d. s. p., a son,--Sir Roger Puleston..."

From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I (London, 1872), p. 455: "Robert Puleston, Esq., of Emral... By his wife Lowri he was father of--1. John Puleston, Esq., of Emral. 2 Madog, who m. Angharad, dau. and co-h. of David ap Gronwy (some say David ap Llewelyn--Dwnn, ii, 151), and became the progenitor of the Pulestons of Havodywern, Bersham (Dwnn, ii, 359), Llwynycnotie (ibid., 361) and Carnarvon (ibid., 150)...."

From Welsh Biography Online - http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-PULE-EST-1283.html
"Robert's grandson, ROGER PULESTON (d. 1469), whose father, JOHN PULESTON (will proved 17 April 1444), had m. Angharad, daughter of Griffith Hanmer and grand-daughter of Tudur ap Gronwy of Anglesey, was a staunch Lancastrian and held Denbigh castle as deputy-constable to his kinsman, Jasper, earl of Pembroke during the campaign of 1460-1. "

Noted events in his life were:

• Will proved: 17 Apr 1444.

John married Angharad verch Gruffydd Hanmer, of Hanmer, Flintshire, daughter of Gruffydd Hanmer, Esq., of Hanmer, Flintshire and Angharad verch Tudur,. Angharad was born about 1380. Another name for Angharad was Angharad Hanmer.

Research Notes: From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 455:
"Sir John, the first son [of Robert Puleston], m. Angharad, dau. and h. of Gruffydd Hanmer, Esq., of Hanmer, Flintshire, and had issue, besides Catherine, who d. s. p., a son,--Sir Roger Puleston..."

RootsWeb - Celtic Royal Genealogy - has b. abt 1380


The child from this marriage was:

+ 280 M    i. Sir Roger Puleston, of Emral was born about 1426 and died on 4 Oct 1489 about age 63.

260. Madog Puleston, of Bers (Robert Puleston, Esq., of Emral229, Richard Puleston, Esq. of Emral198, Sir Roger Puleston, of Emral173, Angharad de Warenne, of Warren Hall, Salop162, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1390 in Emral, Flintshire, Wales. Another name for Madog was Madoc Puleston of Bersham.

Birth Notes: Sources differ in approximate birth year from abt 1390 to abt 1414. This source, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=youngwolf&id=I786, has b. 1414 in Emrell, Wales. Another source has b. abt 1390 in Bersham, [Wrexham, ] Denbighshire, Wales. Since he was Robert Puleston's second son, he was probably born after 1380, but not as late as 1414.

Research Notes: Second son of Robert Puleston of Emral

Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg60.htm#1197

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. II (London, 1882) has from Cae Cyriog M.S.; Lewys Dwnn, vol ii: "John Puleston of Bers and Havod y Wern, son of Madog of Bers, 2nd son of Robert Puleston of Emrall, ab Richard ab Sir Roger Puleston. Argent on a bend sable, three mullets of the field for Madog Puleston."

From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I (London, 1872), p. 455: "Robert Puleston, Esq., of Emral... By his wife Lowri he was father of--1. John Puleston, Esq., of Emral. 2 Madog, who m. Angharad, dau. and co-h. of David ap Gronwy (some say David ap Llewelyn--Dwnn, ii, 151), and became the progenitor of the Pulestons of Havodywern, Bersham (Dwnn, ii, 359), Llwynycnotie (ibid., 361) and Carnarvon (ibid., 150)...."

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII. (London, 1880), "The Tanat Pedigree", p. 123 - "Madoc Puleston of Havolywerne, 2nd son. (The like diff. with a crescent.) = Ankarett, dau. and co-heir of David ap Grono ap Ierwerth. (Vert, a lion ramp. or.)



Madog married Angharad verch Dafydd ap Gronwy,150 244 308 daughter of Dafydd ap Goronwy and Unknown,. Angharad was born in 1392 in Burton, <Somerset>, England. Other names for Angharad were Angharad verch David and Ankarett verch David ap Grono.

Research Notes: From Annals and Antiquities, Vol. I, p. 455:
"Madog, who m. Angharad, dau. and co-h. of David ap Gronwy (some say David ap Llewelyn--Dwnn, ii., 151), and became the progenitor of the Pulestons of Havodywern, Bersham (Dwnn, ii, 359), Llwynycuotie (ibid., 361), and Carnarvon (ibid., 150)."

From Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, "The Tanat Pedigree", p. 123 - "Madoc Puleston of Havolywerne, 2nd son. (The like diff. with a crescent.) = Ankarett, dau. and co-heir of David ap Grono ap Ierwerth. (Vert, a lion ramp. or.)


Children from this marriage were:

+ 281 M    i. John Puleston, of Bers and Hafod y Wern 179 245 was born circa 1425 in Hafod-y-Wern, Berse (Bersham), (Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales and died in 1461 at age 36.

+ 282 F    ii. Angharad Puleston .

+ 283 M    iii. Edward Puleston .

261. Roger Puleston 286 (Robert Puleston, Esq., of Emral229, Richard Puleston, Esq. of Emral198, Sir Roger Puleston, of Emral173, Angharad de Warenne, of Warren Hall, Salop162, Joan de Vere148, Robert III de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford133, Hawise de Quincy120, Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester109, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Buckley and of Fawside103, Maud de St. Liz98, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) died in 1469.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Robert Puleston :

Marriage and issue
Robert Puleston married Owain Glynd's younger sister, Lowry. They had a son called John Puleston, whose will was proved in 1444. He married Angharad, a daughter of Griffith Hanmer, of the same family as Owain Glynd wife, Margaret Hanmer . Angharad was a granddaughter of Gronw ap Tudor of Anglesey . Another son, Roger Puleston (died 1469), who was a staunch ally of Jasper Tudor , Earl of Pembroke holding Denbigh Castle as Deputy Constable to Jasper Tudor in 1460 and 1461.

262. James Botiller, 4th Earl of Ormond (James Botiller, 3rd Earl of Ormond230, James Botiller, 2nd Earl of Ormond200, Eleanor de Bohun174, Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1391 and died on 23 Aug 1452 at age 61. Another name for James was James Butler 4th Earl of Ormond.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 7-33

James married Joan de Beauchamp about 28 Aug 1413. Joan died in Aug 1430.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 7-33 (James Botiller)


The child from this marriage was:

+ 284 F    i. Elizabeth Botiller was born in 1420 and died on 8 Sep 1473 at age 53.

263. Joan de la Pole 249 (Joan de Cobham233, Margaret Courtenay202, Margaret de Bohun178, Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex163, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex149, Humphrey VI de Bohun134, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex121, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford110, Margaret, of Huntingdon105, Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon99, Maud, of Huntingdon92, Waltheof II, Earl of Northumberland88, Sigurd, Earl of Northumberland84, Bjorn Ulfiusson79, Estrid Svensdatter, Princess of Denmark73, Svend I "Forked Beard", King of Denmark, Norway and England67, Harald "the Blue Tooth" Gormsson, King of Denmark61, Geva Knudsson, King of Denmark57, Knud Sigurdsson53, Sigurd "Snake-Eye" Ragnarsson49, Ragnar "Lodbrok" Sigurdsson46, Sigurd "Ring" Randversson, King in Sweden44, Randver Radbartsson41, Aud Ivarsdatter38, Ivar "Vidfame", King in Sweden35, Halfdan, King in Sweden32, Harald29, Valdar26, Hroar23, Halfdan21, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1372 in <Chrishall, Essex>, England, died on 13 Jan 1434 in Cobham, Kent, England about age 62, and was buried in Mary Magdalen, Cobham, Kent, England. Another name for Joan was Joan De la Pole.

Joan married Reginald Braybrooke,309 son of Gerard de Braybrooke and Isabella Dakeney, about 1392 in Cobham, Kent, England. Reginald was born about 1344 in <Colmworth, Bedfordshire>, England, died on 20 Sep 1405 in <Spmsmiddlebury, On The Scheldt, Flanders> about age 61, and was buried in Cobham Church, Cobham, Kent, England. Another name for Reginald was Reynold Braybrooke.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 285 F    i. Joan Braybrooke 309 was born about 1395 in <Cobham, Kent>, England and died on 25 Nov 1442 about age 47.

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264. Alice Dalton 287 288 289 290 (Isabel Stanley234, Sir John de Stanley, King & Lord of the Isle of Man and the Isles, K.G.205, Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1425 in Apethorpe, Northamptonshire, England and died in 1483 about age 58. Another name for Alice was Ales Dalton.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. abt 1428.

Research Notes: From History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher<</i>>, Vol. IV, London, 1884, p. 342. "Alice, d. and heiress of Sir Richard Dalton, Knt., ab Sir John ab Sir John ab Sir John Dalton ab Sir Robert Dalton, Knt. (azure, a lion rampant in an orle of eight cross crosslets argent). Her mother was Isabel, daughter and heiress of John Stanley, Esq. (argent, on a band azure, three stag's heads caboshed or)."

-----
From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :
"[Gwilym Fychan] m., before 1447, Ales, daughter and heiress of Sir Richard Dalton of Apthorp, Northants.; the marriage almost certainly reflects the Stanley connection, for Ales Dalton was grand-daughter by her second marriage of Isabel de Pilkington whose daughter by Thomas de Lathom, her first husband, brought Lathom and Knowsley to the Stanleys. (Dwnn, Visitations, ii, 155; Penrhyn MSS. 1-4, 7-9, 13; G.E.C., Complete Peerage, iv, 205 n. c.; D.N.B., liv., 75.)"

Alice married Sir William Griffith, of Penrhyn, Chamberlain of North Wales,253 289 310 311 312 313 314 son of Gwilym ap Gruffydd, Lord of Penrhyn and Jonet Stanley, of Hooton, in 1444 in Apthorp, Northamptonshire, England. William was born about 1420 in Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, (Bangor), Caernarfonshire, (Gwynedd), Wales and died in 1483 in Austria-Hungary about age 63. Other names for William were William Griffith Fychan, Gwilym Fychan ap Gwilym ap Gruffydd, William Fychan ap Gwilym of Penrhyn, 1st Chamberlain of North Wales, William Vaughan ab Gwilym Chamberlain of North Wales, Gwilym Fychan ap Gwilym ap Gruffydd of Penrhyn, 1st Chamberlain of North Wales, and William Vaughan 1st Chamberlain of North Wales.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. abt 1420, as does Welsh Biography Online. Another source has 1415.

Research Notes: From The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd, Vol. IV, p. 342:
"William Fychan of Penrhyn, Chamberlain of North Wales. He was made a denizen of England, 18 Henry VI, upon the condition of his not marrying a Welshwoman. He was living 10th August 1466."

---------

From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales, Vol. I, p. 362:
"William Gruffydd, or Gwilym Vychan, ancestor of the Griffiths of Penrhyn, Plasnewydd, Carreglwyd, Pencraig, and Carnarvon."

--------------

From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, pp. 57-58:

"VII. LADY JANE TROUTBECK, daughter of Sir William Troutbeck, married Sir William Griffith, Knight, of Penrhyn, in the county of Caernarvon, as appear of record in the Visitations of Lewis Dwnn, II, 154-5, Harl. MSS. No. 1424, fo. 135b., also MS. of the celebrated antiquary, Robert Vaughan, of Hengwrt, Known as the Hengwrt MS. 96, p. 603 (vide Montgomeryshire Collections, by the Powysland Club), vol XXV., page 98. The translation of this MS. is as follows:

'Wm. Vaughan (Vychan) Chamberlain of No. Wales (son of Gwilym ab Gruffydd ab Gullym ab Gruffydd ab Heilen, by his 2d wife Sioned (Jonet) D. of Sir W. Stanley of Hooton, Chamberlain of No. Wales and Chester), and had all the land of his father, and the lands also of Paris, (from whom Paris Mountain), by his mother's influence, and in the 18th year of Henry VI. (1440) he got himself made a denizen of England, under covenant that he should not marry any Welsh woman, so he married Alice, dau. and heir of Sir Richard Dalton, kt., by a daughter of Lord Clifford, his wife. Their son, Sir william Griffith, Hael (the Liberal), m. Jane, dau. of Sir Wm. Troutbeck, Kt., by his wife, a sister to Sir Thomas Stanley.'

"Sir William Griffith must, therefore, have been born subsequent to the year 1440, and succeeded his father as Chamberlain of North Wales, some time after 10th of August , 1466, for his said father was alive upon the last mentioned day."

-----

From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :
"Some time after 1405 he m. Joan, daughter of Sir William Stanley of Hooton, Ches., thus beginning a long and profitable connexion with the rising star of that family. His son by his first wife inherited only his mother's property at Penmynydd, and he was the ancestor of the later Theodores of that place (see Tudor family, of Penmynydd ). Gwilym ap Griffith d. in 1431, leaving his great possessions in Anglesey and Caernarvonshire to his son by the second marriage. (Penrhyn manuscripts, passim; Trans. Angl. Antiq. Soc., 1951, 34-72; J. R. Jones, 'The development of the Penrhyn estate to 1431', University of Wales M.A. thesis, unpublished.)

"From 1431 to 1531 the son, grandson, and great-grandson of Gwilym ap Griffith (each named Gwilym) held the estate and added to it. (During the 15th cent. the surname 'Griffith' became established and 'Gwilym' became 'William' in non-Welsh records.) All three showed outstanding skill in steering a safe and profitable course through the dangerous waters of 15th cent. politics; in particular, they allied themselves with prominent English houses, especially the pliant Stanleys - a process which began with the marriage of Gwilym ap Griffith to Joan Stanley of Hooton. The son of that marriage, GWILYM FYCHAN (c. 1420-1483), was under the tutelage of his Stanley kinsmen until he came of age (Penrhyn MSS. 17-18). In 1440 he received letters of denization, freeing him from the operation of the penal laws passed against Welshmen during the Glynd revolt, on condition that he did not marry a Welsh-woman or hold office; the ban on holding office was raised in 1443 on the ground that his mother was a Stanley (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1436-41 (416), 1441-6 (164). He m., before 1447, Ales, daughter and heiress of Sir Richard Dalton of Apthorp, Northants.; the marriage almost certainly reflects the Stanley connection, for Ales Dalton was grand-daughter by her second marriage of Isabel de Pilkington whose daughter by Thomas de Lathom, her first husband, brought Lathom and Knowsley to the Stanleys. (Dwnn, Visitations, ii, 155; Penrhyn MSS. 1-4, 7-9, 13; G.E.C., Complete Peerage, iv, 205 n. c.; D.N.B., liv., 75.) He m. (2) Gwenllian, daughter of Iorwerth ap David; ROBERT, his eldest son by this marriage, was the ancestor of the family of Griffith of Plasnewydd, Anglesey, and Llanfairis-gaer, Caerns.; EDMUND, the second son, founded the estate of Carreg-lwyd, Anglesey . See Griffith , Pedigrees, 47, 56, 57, and articles Griffith of Carreg-lwyd and Griffith, George, 1601-1666 . In 1451 he was member of a commission appointed to examine the reasons why the revenues of Merioneth were in arrear (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1446-52, 480) and between 1457 and 1463 he was deputy to various chamberlains of North Wales (Davies, Conway and Menai Ferries, 47; P.R.O. Min. Acc., 1154/3, 1180/3). He does not appear to have held the office of chamberlain. He was probably the William Griffith who, as 'marshall of the King's Hall,' received grants from Edward IV in 1462 and 1464, and he served on a number of North Wales commissions during Edward's reign (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1461-7 (117, 293, 329), 1467-77 (54, 490), 1476-85 (121)). He was d. by 13 Sept. 1483 (Penrhyn MSS. 38-9). A number of contemporary poets (qq.v.) sang his praises - Cynwrig ap Dafydd Goch , Dafydd ab Edmwnd , Guto'r Glyn , Rhys Goch Eryri , and Robin Ddu (Mostyn MSS. 148, 493, 495, 498, 542; Llanst. MSS. 118, 78; Gwaith Dafydd ab Edmwnd (ed. T. Roberts ), 107; Gwaith Guto'r Glyn (ed. J. Ll. Williams and I. Williams ), 52, 55; Iolo Goch ac Eraill (ed. H. Lewis , T. Roberts and I. Williams ), 307; H. T. Evans , Wales and the Wars of the Roses, 14)."




Noted events in his life were:

• Appointed: Chamberlain of North Wales, 1439.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 286 M    i. Sir William Griffith, Lord of Penrhyn Castle, Chamberlain of North Wales 253 290 315 316 317 318 319 was born about 1445 in Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, (Bangor), Caernarfonshire, (Gwynedd), Wales and died about 1539 in Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, (Bangor), Caernarfonshire, (Gwynedd), Wales about age 94.

+ 287 F    ii. Janet Griffith was born in <Penrhyn, Llandegai, Caernarfonshire, > Wales.

265. Elizabeth Stanley 292 293 (Sir Thomas de Stanley, K.G., 1st Baron Stanley, Lord Lt. of Ireland235, Sir John de Stanley, King & Lord of the Isle of Man and the Isles, K.G.205, Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1429 in Lathom (Latham), Ormskirk, Lancashire, England.294

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Joan Goushill :

Elizabeth Stanley, who married Thomas le Stange, and Sir Richard Molyneux.

Elizabeth married Sir Richard Molineux.293 320 Richard died on 23 Sep 1459. Another name for Richard was Sir Richard Molyneux.

Death Notes: Died at the Battle of Blore Heath.

266. Margaret Stanley 295 296 297 (Sir Thomas de Stanley, K.G., 1st Baron Stanley, Lord Lt. of Ireland235, Sir John de Stanley, King & Lord of the Isle of Man and the Isles, K.G.205, Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born about 1433 in Lathom, Ormskirk, Lancashire, England.291

Research Notes: Ancestral Roots , Line 20-34 has m. (1) Sir William Troutbeck 1459 [probably should be 1449-see below], (2) Sir John Boteler 1460, (3) Lord Grey of Codnor.
---------
From the book Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 53-56:

"VI. LADY MARGARET STANLEY, eldest daughter of Thomas, Lord Stanley, married Sir William Troutbeck, of Pryns Castle in Worrill, Cheshire, Lord of Dunham. Sir William Troutbeck, Knight, was son and heir of Sir John Troutbeck, Knight, of Dunham, Chamberlain of Chester, and was aged 23 years in 37 Henry VI. (1458), and was therefore born 1434-5. The following Inq. P. M. is proof of his birth and age:

'Inq. P. M. (37, not) 38, H. VI. John Troutbek held (no lands of the King or Prince on his decease) in demesne, as of fee (but by his charter of 22 Feby., 35 Hen. VI., had granted to Johi Comiti Arondel, Johi Beamond, Vicund de Beamond, John Sutton dno de Dudley, Thomas Stanley, Thome Parre, Rico Turnstall, Thome de Convey, Militibz, Petro de Ardern Justic dni Regis de coi Banco, Gilbto Parre, Johi Pulesdon, Rico Pulesdon, Mag'ro Andree Holes, Clico, Hugoni Pembton, Rico Asshawe, Thome Bellamond, Clico, and others)--the manors of Brinstath, Dunham, Troghford, and Budworth, cum pert. with lands in Carnesdale, Barneston, Oxton, Tranmore, Upton, Raby, L. Newton, Hergreave, Newton in Wirrill, Chester, Handbridge, Woodchurch, Christelton, Ledsham, Pickmere, Moberley, Newton Juxta le Midelwich, and the avowson (of the Church) of Moberley for use for life. Ob. die Sabbi px post festum Sci Bartholomei Apli ultimo, Wills Troutbeck filius & heres, aet. 23, ann. in festo Sce Margarete Virginis ultimo).'

Sir William Troutbeck was married in the year 1449, when aged only about fourteen years, to the Lady Margaret Stanley, and was slain at the battle of Blore-Heath on the 23d September, 1459, fighting under the command of Lord Auderley, in the Lancasterian cause. He was buried in the Troutbeck Chapel in St. Mary's, Chester. A tomb was erected there to his memory, and is thus described: 'It was a faire tombe of one of the Troutbecks. The man all in riche armour, with a riche border of pearles, and stones, about his head, on the helmet. On the front of the helmet, over his forehead, was graven Jeshu Nazarenus Rex. All the plates and edges of his armour curiously wrought, as it were imbracery, with a collar of S.S. about his neck, of gold, one gauntlet in his hand, and his wife's hand in the other. Under his feet a lion couchant; under his head, a helmet mantled, having on it a wreath of trouts and a moores head. She hath her head richly attired, with a veil over her head, with a blue gown, and a short surcoat of black. At her feet a lamb, and two angels supporting the cushions under her head.'

"The Troutbeck Aisle of Chapel, which was built in the reign of Henry VI., by William Troutbeck, fell down not many years after the pulication of the 'Vale Royal,' by King, and destroyed the tombs. The third Randal Holmes says, that for the fineness of the work, the monuments of the Troutbecks were thought to exceed anything of that kind in England. (Harl. MS. 2151, fo. 16b.)

"The battle of Blore-Heath was fought on St. Tecla's Day, 23 September, 1459, was fatal to the men of Cheshire. Among those left dead upon the field were Sir Thomas Button, Sir John Done, Sir Hugh Venables, Sir Richard Monineux, Sir William Troutbeck, Sir John Leigh, and Sir John Egerton. (Records Corporation of Macclesfield.)

"The following is proof of the death of the said William Troutbeck, and as it gives the age of his eldest son, fixes the date of his marriage:

'Inq. M. (b. de mand.) 4 Edw. Iv. Sir William Troutbek, knight, held the manors of Great Troughford, Dunham, and Hole from Henry, late King of France, "et non de jure Rege Angliae sexto,' with lands therein, valued at XL marks per annum. Also the manors and advowsons of Moberley, the manors of Brunstath, Raby and Budworth, half of L. Neston, and one-fifth of Hargreave; (the manors of Elton and Oxton, and a moiety of the ville of Pykmere;) with lands in Hargreave, Barneston, Carnesdale, Ledsham, Woodchurch, Eccleston, Chester Hulme, Kinderton, Bereton, Newton, Cogshull, Xtlton, Tattenhall, Bridge Troughford, Elton, Oxton, Pickmere, Thingwall, Tranmere, Upton, and Wirswall. William Troutbek, son and heir, (aet. 15 ann. et maritatus Johanne filie Johis. Botiller Militis, and ward of the latter by grant of the King, 8 Jan. 2 Edw. IV).'

"For evidences of the marriage of Sir William Troutbeck and Margaret Stanley, see Dougdale, vol. II., page 248, (et E. Stemmate) wherein he states that Sir Thomas, Lord Stanley, left 'issue" three sons, Thomas, William and John; and two daughters, Margaret, married to Sir William Troutbeck, Knight, and Elizabeth to Sir Richard Molineux, Knight' See also Collins' Peerage of England, vol. III., page 40, etc. Edition 1779, London, Pedigree of Troutbeck of Dunham, by Robert Glover, Somerset Herald, for William Flower, Nortry King-at-arms; visitations of Cheshire, 1580 (Harl. MS. 1424, fo. 1287). Printed Edition, London, 1882, by John Paul Rylands, F.S.A.--Also, Harl. MS. 1424, fo. 136b, Pedigree of Troutbeck of Dunham, by William Beaumont, Esq. of Oxford Hall (see Hist. Cheshire, by George Ormerod, Revised Edition). Also visitations of Wales by Lewis Dwnn, Penrhyn Pedigree. The best evidence, however, is the Dispensation, dated 23 January, 1459 (O. S.) (or 1460, N.S.) to Margaret, widow of William Troutbeck and daughter of Thomas Lord Stanley, deceased, to marry Sir John Botler, Knight, which marriage took place in 1460, and the said Sir John, dying 26 February, 1463, the said Margaret married, thirdly, 2 October, 1465, Lord Grey, of Codnor.

"It should be remembered that the month of January, 1459, is four months after September, and not prior to it, the year not beginning then until March.

"The children of Sir William Troutbeck and the Lady Margaret were:
1. William Troutbeck 'aet. 15 years, 4 Edw. IV., ward of Sir John Botler, alias Butler, by grant of the King, 8 January, 2 Edw. IV.,' married to Johannes, daughter of the said Sir John. No issue.
2. Adam Troutbeck; his heiress married John Talbot, ancestor of the Earls of Shrewsbury.
3. Thomas Troutbeck.
4. Alice Troutbeck.
5. Jane Troutbeck, married 1st, Sir William Botler, of Bewsey, Knight, and 2ndly, Sir William Griffith, of Penrhyn, Knight; of whom presently.
6. Elizabeth Troutbeck, married Sir Alexander Houghton, Knight."

Noted events in her life were:

• Dispensation: to marry Sir John Boteler, 1459.

Margaret married Sir William Troutbeck, of Pyrns Castle in Worrill, Lord of Dunham,295 296 321 322 son of Sir John Troutbeck, of Dunham, Camberlain of Chester and Margaret Hulse, in 1449. William was born 1434 or 1435 in Dunham-on-the-Hill, Chester, Cheshire, England, died on 23 Sep 1459 in Battle of Blore Heath, Blore Heath, Staffordshire, England at age 25, and was buried in Troutbeck Chapel in St. Mary-on-the-Hill, Chester, Cheshire, England. Another name for William was Sir William Troutbek.

Birth Notes: According to Reifsnyder-Gilliam Ancestry, "[William Troutbeck] was aged 23 years in 37 Henry VI. (1458), and was therefore born 1434-5. "

Another source has b. abt 1432.

Death Notes: Per Wikipedia (Joan Gousell), killed in the Battle of Blore Heath on 23 September 1459

Research Notes: First husband of Margaret Stanley.

From Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania, p. 286: "Sir William Troutbeck, lord of Prynes Castle, Cheshire, who was slain in the battle of Bloreheath". What is the correct spelling of the castle?
----
From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, pp. 53-56:

"VI. LADY MARGARET STANLEY, eldest daughter of Thomas, Lord Stanley, married Sir William Troutbeck, of Pryns Castle in Worrill, Cheshire, Lord of Dunham. Sir William Troutbeck, Knight, was son and heir of Sir John Troutbeck, Knight, of Dunham, Chamberlain of Chester, and was aged 23 years in 37 Henry VI. (1458), and was therefore born 1434-5. The following Inq. P. M. is proof of his birth and age:

'Inq. P. M. (37, not) 38, H. VI. John Troutbek held (no lands of the King or Prince on his decease) in demesne, as of fee (but by his charter of 22 Feby., 35 Hen. VI., had granted to Johi Comiti Arondel, Johi Beamond, Vicund de Beamond, John Sutton dno de Dudley, Thomas Stanley, Thome Parre, Rico Turnstall, Thome de Convey, Militibz, Petro de Ardern Justic dni Regis de coi Banco, Gilbto Parre, Johi Pulesdon, Rico Pulesdon, Mag'ro Andree Holes, Clico, Hugoni Pembton, Rico Asshawe, Thome Bellamond, Clico, and others)--the manors of Brinstath, Dunham, Troghford, and Budworth, cum pert. with lands in Carnesdale, Barneston, Oxton, Tranmore, Upton, Raby, L. Newton, Hergreave, Newton in Wirrill, Chester, Handbridge, Woodchurch, Christelton, Ledsham, Pickmere, Moberley, Newton Juxta le Midelwich, and the avowson (of the Church) of Moberley for use for life. Ob. die Sabbi px post festum Sci Bartholomei Apli ultimo, Wills Troutbeck filius & heres, aet. 23, ann. in festo Sce Margarete Virginis ultimo).'

Sir William Troutbeck was married in the year 1449, when aged only about fourteen years, to the Lady Margaret Stanley, and was slain at the battle of Blore-Heath on the 23d September, 1459, fighting under the command of Lord Auderley, in the Lancasterian cause. He was buried in the Troutbeck Chapel in St. Mary's, Chester. A tomb was erected there to his memory, and is thus described: 'It was a faire tombe of one of the Troutbecks. The man all in riche armour, with a riche border of pearles, and stones, about his head, on the helmet. On the front of the helmet, over his forehead, was graven Jeshu Nazarenus Rex. All the plates and edges of his armour curiously wrought, as it were imbracery, with a collar of S.S. about his neck, of gold, one gauntlet in his hand, and his wife's hand in the other. Under his feet a lion couchant; under his head, a helmet mantled, having on it a wreath of trouts and a moores head. She hath her head richly attired, with a veil over her head, with a blue gown, and a short surcoat of black. At her feet a lamb, and two angels supporting the cushions under her head.'

"The Troutbeck Aisle or Chapel, which was built in the reign of Henry VI., by William Troutbeck, fell down not many years after the pulication of the 'Vale Royal,' by King, and destroyed the tombs. The third Randal Holmes says, that for the fineness of the work, the monuments of the Troutbecks were thought to exceed anything of that kind in England. (Harl. MS. 2151, fo. 16b.)

"The battle of Blore-Heath was fought on St. Tecla's Day, 23 September, 1459, was fatal to the men of Cheshire. Among those left dead upon the field were Sir Thomas Button, Sir John Done, Sir Hugh Venables, Sir Richard Monineux, Sir William Troutbeck, Sir John Leigh, and Sir John Egerton. (Records Corporation of Macclesfield.)

"The following is proof of the death of the said William Troutbeck, and as it gives the age of his eldest son, fixes the date of his marriage:

'Inq. M. (b. de mand.) 4 Edw. Iv. Sir William Troutbek, knight, held the manors of Great Troughford, Dunham, and Hole from Henry, late King of France, "et non de jure Rege Angliae sexto,' with lands therein, valued at XL marks per annum. Also the manors and advowsons of Moberley, the manors of Brunstath, Raby and Budworth, half of L. Neston, and one-fifth of Hargreave; (the manors of Elton and Oxton, and a moiety of the ville of Pykmere;) with lands in Hargreave, Barneston, Carnesdale, Ledsham, Woodchurch, Eccleston, Chester Hulme, Kinderton, Bereton, Newton, Cogshull, Xtlton, Tattenhall, Bridge Troughford, Elton, Oxton, Pickmere, Thingwall, Tranmere, Upton, and Wirswall. William Troutbek, son and heir, (aet. 15 ann. et maritatus Johanne filie Johis. Botiller Militis, and ward of the latter by grant of the King, 8 Jan. 2 Edw. IV).'

"For evidences of the marriage of Sir William Troutbeck and Margaret Stanley, see Dougdale, vol. II., page 248, (et E. Stemmate) wherein he states that Sir Thomas, Lord Stanley, left 'issue" three sons, Thomas, William and John; and two daughters, Margaret, married to Sir William Troutbeck, Knight, and Elizabeth to Sir Richard Molineux, Knight' See also Collins' Peerage of England, vol. III., page 40, etc. Edition 1779, London, Pedigree of Troutbeck of Dunham, by Robert Glover, Somerset Herald, for William Flower, Nortry King-at-arms; visitations of Cheshire, 1580 (Harl. MS. 1424, fo. 1287). Printed Edition, London, 1882, by John Paul Rylands, F.S.A.--Also, Harl. MS. 1424, fo. 136b, Pedigree of Troutbeck of Dunham, by William Beaumont, Esq. of Oxford Hall (see Hist. Cheshire, by George Ormerod, Revised Edition). Also visitations of Wales by Lewis Dwnn, Penrhyn Pedigree. The best evidence, however, is the Dispensation, dated 23 January, 1459 (O. S.) (or 1460, N.S.) to Margaret, widow of William Troutbeck and daughter of Thomas Lord Stanley, deceased, to marry Sir John Botler, Knight, which marriage took place in 1460, and the said Sir John, dying 26 February, 1463, the said Margaret married, thirdly, 2 October, 1465, Lord Grey, of Codnor.

"It should be remembered that the month of January, 1459, is four months after September, and not prior to it, the year not beginning then until March.

"The children of Sir William Troutbeck and the Lady Margaret were:
1. William Troutbeck 'aet. 15 years, 4 Edw. IV., ward of Sir John Botler, alias Butler, by grant of the King, 8 January, 2 Edw. IV.,' married to Johannes, daughter of the said Sir John. No issue.
2. Adam Troutbeck; his heiress married John Talbot, ancestor of the Earls of Shrewsbury.
3. Thomas Troutbeck.
4. Alice Troutbeck.
5. Jane Troutbeck, married 1st, Sir William Botler, of Bewsey, Knight, and 2ndly, Sir William Griffith, of Penrhyn, Knight; of whom presently.
6. Elizabeth Troutbeck, married Sir Alexander Houghton, Knight."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 288 M    i. Sir William Troutbeck was born about 1444.

+ 289 F    ii. Joan Troutbeck was born about 1457 in Mobberly, Dunham, Cheshire, England and died from about 1485 to 1489 about age 28.

+ 290 M    iii. Adam Troutbeck, of Mobberly 220 315 323 died before 1510 in <Mobberly, Chester, England>.

+ 291 M    iv. Thomas Troutbeck .

+ 292 F    v. Alice Troutbeck .

+ 293 F    vi. Elizabeth Troutbeck .

Margaret next married Sir John Botler, Baron of Warrington 324 in 1460. John was born on 24 Aug 1429 and died on 26 Feb 1463 at age 33.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 46-36

Margaret next married Lord < > Grey, of Codnor on 2 Oct 1465.

267. Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby 222 292 298 (Sir Thomas de Stanley, K.G., 1st Baron Stanley, Lord Lt. of Ireland235, Sir John de Stanley, King & Lord of the Isle of Man and the Isles, K.G.205, Isabel Lathom183, Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire165, Eleanor de Ferrers152, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton138, Agnes de Ferrers123, Margaret de Quincy112, Helen, of Galloway107, Helen de L'Isle101, Reginald, Lord of the Isles94, Ragnhild Olafsdatter89, Ingebiorg Hakonsdatter85, Haakon Paalsson80, Paul Thorfinnsson, Jarl of Orkney and Caithness74, Thorfinn II "the Black" Sigurdsson, Earl of Orkney68, Sigurd II "Digri" Hlodversson62, Hlodver Thorfinnsson, Earl of Orkney58, Grelod Duncansdatter54, Groa Thorsteinsdatter50, Thurid Eyvindsdatter47, Eyvind "the Easterling"45, Bjarni43, Hrolf40, Solgi37, Harald "Hilditonn"34, Hraerek "Slaunvanbauga"31, Halfdan28, Frodi25, Hraerek "Hnauggvanbaug"22, Ingjald20, Frodi19, Fridleif18, Frodi16, Dan15, Olaf14, Vermund13, Frodi12, Havar11, Fridleif10, Frodi9, Fridleif8, Skjöldr, King of Denmark [Legendary]7, Odin, [Mythological]6, Frithuwald, [Mythological]5, Freothalaf, [Mythological]4, Finn, [Mythological]3, Flocwald, [Mythological]2, Godwulf, [Mythological]1) was born in 1435 and died on 29 Jul 1504 in Lathom (Latham), Ormskirk, Lancashire, England at age 69.

Research Notes: Stepfather to King Henry VII of England.

Wikipedia (Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby), Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby was a maternal ancestor of John Lennon.

----------------

From http://stanleyroots.co.uk/thenorthwest.htm :

"Since 1200 the Stanleys had become important landowners and administrators in north-west England (especially Cheshire and Lancashire), and in 1485 the two brothers Sir Thomas Stanley and Sir William Stanley played a decisive role in winning the Battle of Bosworth for Henry Tudor and therefore in establishing the Tudor dynasty - a feat for which Thomas was created 1st Earl of Derby in 1485. Thereafter, the Earls of Derby were a prominent political force in north-west England for the next four centuries, with the 14th earl becoming Prime Minister three times, in 1852, 1858 and 1866...

"Sir Thomas was 2nd Baron Stanley (his father had been created 1st Baron in 1456), so he is also referred to as Lord Stanley before his creation as Earl of Derby in 1485.
"There had been earlier Earls of Derby (from other families) from 1138 to 1266 and 1337 to 1399, whose title was based on Derby in Derbyshire. Thomas Stanley's title in 1485 therefore had the ring of antiquity, but was based not on Derby but on West Derby, near to the family's estates at Lathom and Knowsley in Lancashire. Lathom House near Ormskirk (Lancashire)(SD4609) was the family's main residence from around 1400 until 1644, when it was largely destroyed by Sir Thomas Fairfax and his Parliamentary forces after a four-month siege during the English Civil War (the Stanleys of Lancashire were Royalists and had been holding out against the dominant Parliamentary forces)."

From Volume 11 of Manx Note Book - http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/manxnb/v11p101.htm
THOMAS II. AFTERWARDS THE FIRST EARL OF DERBY, ELDEST SON OF THOMAS I., BARON STANLEY, BY HIS WIFE JOAN, ONLY DAUGHTER AND HEIRESS OF SIR ROBERT GOUSHILL, succeeded his father in 1460. He was summoned to Parliament in the first year of Edward IV. (1461), and in 1472 he was made Judge of Chester. In the Civil war he did good service for the Yorkist cause, his most conspicuous feat being the taking of Berwick by assault. During the greater part of his reign he was steward of the Royal Household, and, having been one of Edward's most devoted adherents, he naturally transferred his allegiance to his son Edward the fifth. When Edward the fourth died, Richard Duke of Gloucester, who was plotting to supplant his nephew on the throne, saw that Stanley would be one of the chief obstacles in his way, and so he contrived to get rid of him by having him arrested on a charge of treason.

When, however, he had succeeded in ascending the throne, he decided that his best policy would be, if possible, to purchase Lord Stanley's allegiance, which he endeavoured to accomplish by making him Constable of England for life and conferring upon him the Order of the Garter. It is well known that this scheme failed and that Lord Stanley largely contributed to Richmond's success at the battle of Bosworth field, after which he is said to have placed the dead Richard's crown on his head,* and to have proclaimed him king as Henry VII. The new king shortly afterwards created him Earl of Derby, and constituted him one of the Lord's Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Steward at his coronation. In 1486 he was made Constable of England for life. In 1487 he was one of the godfathers of Prince Arthur, Henry VII.'s eldest son.

He took a prominent part in arranging the treaty of Etaples between England and France in 1492. It would seem that he used his wealth nobly, both in relieving the burdens of his people and in promoting public works such as the bridges at Garstang and Warrington, for their welfare. He was the builder of Latham House which became famous through its defence by the 7th Earl's noble consort 150 years later.

Lord Stanley married, firstly, Eleanor 4th daughter of Richard Nevill, Earl of Salisbury, and sister to the Earl of Warwick, the famous " king-maker, " and secondly, Margaret, daughter of the Duke of Somerset and Dowager-Duchess of Richmond, who was King Henry VII.'s mother. By his first wife he had issue 6 sons and 4. daughters, by his second, there was no issue. He died in 1504. It does not appear that he ever visited the Isle of Man, and during his reign the Statute book is a blank.

*It is not certain whether the crown was placed on Henry's head by Lord Stanley or by his brother Sir William Stanley

Noted events in his life were:

• Battle: of Bosworth Field, 1485.

• Created: 1st Earl of Derby, 1485. by Henry Tudor

• Summoned: to Parliament, 1461. in the first year of Edward IV.

• Made: Judge of Chester, 1472.

• Made: Constable of England for life, 1486.

Thomas married Eleanor Neville,220 325 daughter of Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury and Alice Montagu, Countess of Salisbury, in 1459. Eleanor was born before 1447 and died before Nov 1482.

Research Notes: 4th daughter of Richard Nevill, Earl of Salisbury.

From Manx Note Book Volume 11 http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/manxnb/v11p101.htm

Lord Stanley married, firstly, Eleanor 4th daughter of Richard Nevill, Earl of Salisbury, and sister to the Earl of Warwick, the famous " king-maker, " and secondly, Margaret, daughter of the Duke of Somerset and Dowager-Duchess of Richmond, who was King Henry VII.'s mother. By his first wife he had issue 6 sons and 4. daughters, by his second, there was no issue. He died in 1504. It does not appear that he ever visited the Isle of Man, and during his reign the Statute book is a blank.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 294 M    i. Sir George Stanley, 9th Lord Strange of Knockyn 326 was born about 1460 in Knowsley, Lancashire, England, died on 5 Dec 1503 in Derby House, St Paul's Wharf, London, England about age 43, and was buried in Church of St James Garlickhythe, London, England.

+ 295 M    ii. Edward Stanley

Thomas next married Lady Margaret Beaufort.327

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Lady Margaret Beaufort :


"Henry [VII] derived his claim to the English throne from his mother Margaret, and England did not bar women from inheriting the kingship, it is arguably she and not her son who should have claimed the crown. Margaret did not contest Henry's right to rule; however, she occasionally used the signature Margaret R, a form limited to queens regnant . (See discussion below.)

Margaret was twelve when she married Edmund on 1 November 1455 . Edmund died the following November, leaving a thirteen year old widow who was seven months pregnant with their child, Henry. Margaret and her son retired to Pembroke when the wars between Lancaster and York broke out and remained there until the Yorkist triumphs of 1461. The readeption of 1470 saw her return to court but her son fled to Brittany with his uncle, Jasper Tudor .[1]

Margaret was to marry twice more after Edmund's death:
Sir Henry Stafford (c. 1447 - 4 October 1471), the son of Humphrey Stafford , 6th Earl of Stafford , 1st Duke of Buckingham

Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby
She had no children with either, and it has been suggested by historians that the birth of her son Henry when she was only thirteen years old was difficult enough to render her infertile.

[edit ] The King's Mother
Margaret was instrumental in secretly conspiring against King Richard III with the Dowager Queen Consort, Elizabeth Woodville , whose sons, the Princes in the Tower , were presumed murdered. They were aided by the fact that Margaret's third husband, Thomas Stanley, had switched sides because Richard III held captive his eldest son, George Stanley (styled Lord Strange by marriage to the female holder of that hereditary lordship). George was Thomas Stanley's son by his first wife, Eleanor Neville, whose brother, Richard Neville was very active in the Wars of the Roses. Margaret was Thomas Stanley's second wife.

At the end of the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, it was Thomas Stanley who placed the crown on his stepson's - Henry VII's - head. Stanley was later made Earl of Derby, which made Margaret Countess of Derby, but she was styled "The Countess of Richmond and Derby."

With her son winning the crown at Bosworth Field, Margaret was now referred to in court as "My Lady the King's Mother." However, Margaret was reluctant to accept a lower status than the dowager queen consort Elizabeth Woodville or even her daughter-in-law, E