These pages represent the work of an amateur researcher and should not be used as a sole source by any other researcher. Few primary sources have been available. Corrections and contributions are encouraged and welcomed. -- Karen (Johnson) Fish

Descendants of RHODRI Mawr (789-878)


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1. Rhodri Mawr ap Merfyn, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg,1 son of Merfyn ap Gwriad, King of Gwynedd and Nest verch Cadell, was born in 789 in Caer Seiont (Caernarfon), Caernarfonshire, Wales and died in 878 in Anglesey, Wales2 at age 89. Other names for Rhodri were Rhodri the Great, Rhodri Mawr, and Roderick "the Great."

Birth Notes: May have been born sa late as 820.

Death Notes: Killed in a battle against the English (Saxons) in 878.

Research Notes: King of Gwynedd and Powys and Seisyllwg

From A History of Wales, pp. 78-79:

"A chain of marriages begins around 800 when Gwriad, a native of the Isle of Man, who perhaps had links with the Men of the North, married Esyllt of the line of Maelgwn Fawr; their son, Merfyn, became kind of Gwynedd in 825 on the death of Esyllt's uncle, Hywel ap Rhodri, the last of the male descendants of Maelgwn Gwynedd. Merfyn was the first of the lineage known to historians as the second dynasty of Gwynedd. He married Nest of the house of Powys, and their son, Rhodri, married Angharad of the house of Seisyllwg (Ceredigion and Ystrad Tywi). Rhodri became ruler of Gwynedd in 844 on the death of his father, of Powys in 855 on the death of his uncle, Cyngen, and of Seisyllwg in 871 on the death of his brother-in-law, Gwgon; he died in 878, king of a realm extending from Anglesey to Gower.

"A later generation of chroniclers hailed Rhodri ap Merfyn as Rhodri Mawr (Rhodri the Great), a distinction bestowed upon two other rulers in the same century--Charles the Great (Charlemagne, died 814) and Alfred the Great (died 899). The three tributes are of a similar nature--recognition of the achievements of men who contributed significantly to the growth of statehood among the nations of the Welsh, the Franks and the English. Unfortunately, the entire evidence relating to the life of Rhodri consists of a few sentences; yet he must have made a deep impression upon the Welsh, for in later centuries being of the line of Rhodri was a primary qualification for their rulers.

"Rhodri's fame sprang from his success as a warrior. That success was noted by The Ulster Chronicle and by Sedulius Scottus, an Irish scholar at the court of the Emperor Charles the Bald at Liège. It was his victory over the Northmen in 856 which brought him international acclaim...

"...Wales was less richly provided with the fertile land and with the navigable rivers which would have attracted [the Northmen], and the Welsh kings had considerable success in resisting them. Anglesey--a third of Bretland (Wales) according to Norse sources--bore the brunt of their attacks, and it was there, in 856, that Rhodri won his victory over Horm, the leader of the Danes, much to the delight of the Irish and the Franks.

"...By becoming the ruler of Powys, his mother's land, he inherited the old struggle between that kingdom and Mercia. Although Offa's Dyke had been constructed in order to define the territories of the Welsh and the English, this did not prevent the successors of Offa from attacking Wales... The pressure upon Powys continued; after 855, Rhodri was its defender, and he and his son, Gwriad, were killed in a battle against the English in 878."

-----------
From Wikipedia - Rhodri the Great :

Rhodri the Great (in Welsh , Rhodri Mawr; occasionally in English , Roderick the Great) (c. 820-878) was the first ruler of Wales to be called 'Great', and the first to rule most of present-day Wales. He is referred to as "King of the Britons " by the Annals of Ulster . In some later histories, he is referred to as "King of Wales " but he did not rule all of Wales nor was this term used contemporaneously to describe him.

Lineage & inheritance
The son of Merfyn Frych , King of Gwynedd , and Nest ferch Cadell of the Royal line of Powys , he inherited the Kingdom of Gwynedd on his father's death in 844.
Defeat and death
On his return the following year, he and his son Gwriad were said to have been killed by the English under Alfred the Great , though the precise manner of his death is unknown. When his son, Anarawd ap Rhodri won a victory over the Mercians a few years later, it was hailed in the annals as "God's vengeance for Rhodri".

Succession
Rhodri died leaving three sons:
His heir, Anarawd ap Rhodri , who became the king of Gwynedd ;
His son Cadell ap Rhodri , who conquered Dyfed , which was later joined with Seisyllwg by Rhodri's grandson Hywel Dda to become Deheubarth . Like his grandfather, Hywel would come to rule most of Wales; and
His son Merfyn ap Rhodri , who became the king of the Powys .

When his maternal uncle Cyngen ap Cadell ruler of Powys died on a pilgrimage to Rome in 855 Rhodri inherited Powys. In 872 Gwgon, ruler of Seisyllwg in southern Wales, was accidentally drowned, and Rhodri added his Kingdom to his domains by virtue of his marriage to Angharad , Gwgon's sister. This made him the ruler of the larger part of Wales.

Resistance against Danes
Rhodri faced pressure both from the English and increasingly from the Danes , who were recorded as ravaging Anglesey in 854. In 856 Rhodri won a notable victory over the Danes, killing their leader Gorm (sometimes given as Horm). Two poems by Sedulius Scotus written at the court of Charles the Bald , King of the Western Franks , celebrate the victory of "Roricus" over the Norsemen.

In 877 Rhodri fought another battle against the Norse invaders on Anglesey, after which he had to flee to Ireland .

Noted events in his life were:

• Became ruler: of Gwynedd on the death of his father, 844.

• Became ruler: of Powys on the death of his uncle, Cyngen, 855.

• Victory: over Horm, the leader of the Danes (the Northmen), 856, Anglesey, Wales.

• Became ruler: of Seisyllwg on the death of his grother-in-law, Gwgon, 871.

Rhodri married Angharad ferch Gwgon ap Meurig,3 daughter of Gwgon ap Meurig, King of Seisyllwg and Unknown,. Angharad was born about 811 in Ceredigion, Wales.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 2 M    i. Cadell ap Rhodri Mawr, King of Seisyllwg 4 was born circa 827 in Deheubarth, Wales and died in 9105 at age 83.

+ 3 M    ii. Anarawd ap Rhodri, King of Gwynedd and Powys 6 was born about 857 in <Gwynedd>, Wales and died in 916 in <Wales>7 about age 59.

+ 4 M    iii. Merfyn ap Rhodri, King of Powys 8 died about 904.9

+ 5 F    iv. Nest verch Rhodri .

+ 6 M    v. Gwriad ap Rhodri 10 died in 878 in Anglesey, Wales.2

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2. Cadell ap Rhodri Mawr, King of Seisyllwg 4 (Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born circa 827 in Deheubarth, Wales and died in 9105 at age 83.

Research Notes: From A History of Wales, p. 83:

"According to Asser, the rulers of Dyfed and Brycheiniog feared the pwer of the sons of Rhodri, while the rulers of Gwent and Glywysing were threated by Aethelred, earl of Mercia. When Alfred came to the throne in 871, the whole of England, apart from the southern rim of Wessex, was in the hands of the Danes but, as a result of his successes against them, Alfred came to enjoy great power and renown. Asser states that the smaller rulers of Wales asked him for his patronage and that Anarawd ap Rhodri, king of Gwynedd and Poweys, followed their example, abandoning his alliance with the Danish kingdom of York. It is likely that his brother Cade3ll, ruler of Seisyllwg, did the same, and thus the king of Wessex became overlord of the whole of Wales. .. The recognition by Welsh rulers that the king of England had claims upon them would be a central fact in the subsequent political history of Wales."

Cadell married Rheingar.11 Rheingar was born circa 865 in Carmarthenshire, Wales.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 7 M    i. Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth 12 was born circa 880 in Dinefwr Castle, Llandeilo, Carmarthenshire, Wales and died about 950 about age 70.

3. Anarawd ap Rhodri, King of Gwynedd and Powys 6 (Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 857 in <Gwynedd>, Wales and died in 916 in <Wales>7 about age 59.

Research Notes: From A History of Wales, p. 83:

"According to Asser, the rulers of Dyfed and Brycheiniog feared the pwer of the sons of Rhodri, while the rulers of Gwent and Glywysing were threated by Aethelred, earl of Mercia. When Alfred came to the throne in 871, the whole of England, apart from the southern rim of Wessex, was in the hands of the Danes but, as a result of his successes against them, Alfred came to enjoy great power and renown. Asser states that the smaller rulers of Wales asked him for his patronage and that Anarawd ap Rhodri, king of Gwynedd and Poweys, followed their example, abandoning his alliance with the Danish kingdom of York. It is likely that his brother Cade3ll, ruler of Seisyllwg, did the same, and thus the king of Wessex became overlord of the whole of Wales. .. The recognition by Welsh rulers that the king of England had claims upon them would be a central fact in the subsequent political history of Wales."
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From Wikipedia - Anarawd ap Rhodri :

Anarawd ap Rhodri (died 916) was a King of Gwynedd , also referred to as "King of the Britons " by the Annals of Wales .

Anarawd's father Rhodri the Great had eventually become ruler of most of Wales , but on his death in 878 his kingdom was shared out between his sons, with Anarawd inheriting the throne of Gwynedd. Anarawd and his brothers Cadell and Merfyn are recorded as cooperating closely against the rulers of the remaining lesser kingdoms of Wales. Earl Aethelred of Mercia invaded Gwynedd in 881, but Anarawd was able to defeat him with much slaughter in a battle at the mouth of the River Conwy , hailed in the annals as "God's vengeance for Rhodri", Rhodri having been killed in battle against the Mercians .

Anarawd then made an alliance with the Danish king of York in an attempt to guard himself against further Mercian attacks. When this alliance proved unsatisfactory, he came to an agreement with Alfred the Great of Wessex , visiting Alfred at his court. In exchange for Alfred's protection Anarawd recognised the supremacy of Alfred. This was the first time a ruler of Gwynedd had accepted the supremacy of an English king, and formed the basis for the homage which was demanded by the English crown from then on.

In 894 Anarawd was able to repel a raid by a Danish host on North Wales, and the following year raided Ceredigion and Ystrad Tywi in southern Wales. He is reported as having some English troops under his command for these raids. In 902 an attack on Ynys Môn (Anglesey ) by some of the Danes of Dublin under Ingimund was repulsed. Anarawd died in 916 and was succeeded by his son Idwal Foel (Idwal the Bald).

Anarawd would establish the princely house of Aberffraw , taking the name from his principal seat of government on Ynys Môn. His descendants would rule Gwynedd until the Edwardian conquest of the late 13th century.

Anarawd married someone.

His child was:

+ 8 M    i. Idwal Foel ap Anarawd ap Rhodri, King of Gwynedd and Powys 13 died in 942.

Anarawd next married someone.

His child was:

+ 9 M    i. Elise ap Anarawd 14 was born about 885 in <Aberffro, Malltraeth, Anglesey>, Wales and died in 942 in Wales about age 57.

4. Merfyn ap Rhodri, King of Powys 8 (Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died about 904.9

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Merfyn ap Rhodri :

Merfyn ap Rhodri was a late 9th century King of Powys , (died 900).

Upon the death of his father, Rhodri the Great in 878, Merfyn inherited the Kingdom of Powys . Merfyn's 2 brothers Anarawd ap Rhodri , and Cadell ap Rhodri received the Kingdoms of Gwynedd and Seisyllwg .

Merfyn married someone.

His child was:

+ 10 M    i. Llywelyn ap Merfyn, King of Powys 15 died in 942.

5. Nest verch Rhodri (Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

6. Gwriad ap Rhodri 10 (Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 878 in Anglesey, Wales.2

Death Notes: Killed by the Saxons.

Research Notes: From A History of Wales, p. 82:

"...By becoming the ruler of Powys, his mother's land, he inherited the old struggle between that kingdom and Mercia. Although Offa's Dyke had been constructed in order to define the territories of the Welsh and the English, this did not prevent the successors of Offa from attacking Wales... The pressure upon Powys continued; after 855, Rhodri was its defender, and he and his son, Gwriad, were killed in a battle against the English in 878."


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7. Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth 12 (Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born circa 880 in Dinefwr Castle, Llandeilo, Carmarthenshire, Wales and died about 950 about age 70. Other names for Hywel were Howel Dda King of Deheubarth, Howell Dha King of South Wales, Hywel the Good, Hywel ap Cadell ap Rhodri, and Hywel ap Cadell ap Rhodri Mawr King of Deheubarth.

Research Notes: Lawgiver of Cambria

From A History of Wales, p. 83:

"If the intention of the rulers of Dyfed and Brycheiniog in seeking the patronage of Alfred was to remain free from the clutches of the house of Rhodri, they failed. About 904, Llywarch ap Hyfaidd, king of Dyfed, died; his kingdom came into the possession of Hywel ap Cadell ap Rhodri, the ruler of Seisyllwg and the husband of Elen, Llywarch's daughter. It would appear that Hywel also took possession of Brycheiniog, for its royal line ends with Tewdwr ap Griffri, who died about 930. The enlarged kingdom came to be known as Deheubarth, a unit of central importance in the history of Wales during the following four centuries.

"...Deheubarth was united with the territories of Idwal ab Anarawd ap Rhodri--Gwynedd and Powys--in 942, and Hywel died in 950 (or perhaps 949) the ruler of a kingdom which extended from Prestatyn to Pembroke."
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From Wikipedia - Hywel Dda :
Hywel Dda (c. 880 - 950), (English : Hywel the Good;, sometimes anglicized to Howell the Good) was a well-thought-of king[1] of Deheubarth in south-west Wales , who, using his cunning, eventually came to rule Wales from Prestatyn to Pembroke .[2] As a descendant of Rhodri Mawr through his father Cadell , Hywel was a member of the Dinefwr branch of the dynasty and is also named Hywel ap Cadell. He was recorded as King of the Britons in the Annales Cambriae and the Annals of Ulster .

He is remembered as one of the most responsible native Welsh rulers of all time. His name is particularly linked with the development of the Welsh laws , generally known as the Laws of Hywel Dda. The latter part of his name ('Dda' or 'Good') refers to the fact that his laws were just and good. The historian Dafydd Jenkins sees in them compassion rather than punishment, plenty of common sense and a sense of respect towards women.[1]

Hywel Dda was certainly a well-educated man, even by modern standards, having a good knowledge of Welsh, Latin, and English.[1]

In April 2008 a merger of Pembrokeshire & Derwen, Ceredigion and Mid Wales, and Carmarthenshire NHS Trusts was named the Hywel Dda NHS Trust in his honour.


Biography
Hywel was born at around 880, the younger son of Cadell , himself the son of Rhodri the Great . In 905, Cadell, having conquered Dyfed , gave it to his son to rule on his behalf. Hywel was able to consolidate his position by marrying Elen, whose father Llywarch ap Hyfaidd had ruled Dyfed until his death. Following his father's death in 909, he acquired a share of Seisyllwg , and on his brother's death in 920, he merged Dyfed and Seisyllwg, creating for himself a new kingdom, which became known as Deheubarth . Following the death of his cousin Idwal Foel in 942, he also seized the Kingdom of Gwynedd .

Accomplishments
Peace with Wessex
Hywel's reign was a violent one, and he achieved an understanding with Athelstan of England . Athelstan and Hywel ruled part of Wales jointly. Such was the relationship between the neighbouring countries that Hywel was able to mint his own coinage in the English city of Chester . He was the first Welsh ruler to produce coinage for at least a thousand years, since the coinage of his Celtic predecessors. His study of legal systems and his pilgrimage to Rome in 928 combined to enable him to formulate advanced ideas about law. A comparative study of law and lawmaking at the time reveals a deep concern for law and its documentation throughout Europe and also the Islamic world, the Cordoba Islamic Law translation schools being a fine example, from Greek to Arabic to Latin. The Hywel 'Law' book was written partly in Latin, about laws of court, law of country and the law of justices.

Opinions vary as to the motives for Hywel's close association with the court of Athelstan. J.E. Lloyd claimed Hywel was an admirer of Wessex [3], while D.P. Kirby suggests that it may have been the action of a pragmatist who recognized the realities of power in mid-10th century Britain.[4] It is notable that he gave one of his sons an Anglo-Saxon name, Edwin. His policies with regard to England were evidently not to the taste of all his subjects. Athelstan and Hywel had similar interests. They both developed a coinage; they both had a kingdom; both were attributed a Law book. Hywel was aware of the greater power and acceded to it.

A Welsh language poem entitled Armes Prydein , considered by Sir Ifor Williams to have been written in Deheubarth during Hywel's reign, called for the Welsh to join a confederation of all the non-English peoples of Britain and Ireland to fight the Saxons. The poem may be linked to the alliance of Norse and Celtic kingdoms which challenged Athelstan at the Battle of Brunanburh in 937.[citation needed ] No Welsh forces joined this alliance, and this may well have been because of the influence of Hywel.[citation needed ] On the other hand neither did he send troops to support Athelstan.
Welsh Law
The conference held at Whitland circa 945, was an assembly in which Welsh law was codified and set down in writing for posterity. According to tradition, much of the work was done by the celebrated clerk, Blegywryd. Following Hywel's death, his kingdom was soon split into three. Gwynedd was reclaimed by the sons of Idwal Foel, while Deheubarth was divided between Hywel's sons. However, his legacy endured in the form of his laws, which remained in active use throughout Wales until the conquest and were not abolished by the English Parliament until the 16th century. A surviving copy of a Latin text of the Law (ms Peniarth 28) is held at The National Library of Wales in Aberystwyth and can be seen online.[1] More than 30 manuscripts were recently selected for a discussion of the "Law" of Hywel, by a Welsh professor of Medieval studies, Hywel Emanuel. Only five of them were considered to be of sufficient antiquity, dating back to the 13thC or earlier, to merit serious attention. Three of them were in Latin and two in Welsh.

Noted events in his life were:

• Pilgrimage: to Rome, Abt 929. 16

Hywel married Elen ferch Llywarch, daughter of Llywarch ap Hyfaidd, King of Dyfed and Unknown,. Elen was born about 885 in Dyfed, Wales and died in 943 about age 58.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg58.htm#1158

From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 83:

"If the intention of the rulers of Dyfed and Brycheiniog in seeking the patronage of Alfred was to remain free from the clutches of the house of Rhodri, they failed. About 904, Llywarch ap Hyfaidd, king of Dyfed, died; his kingdom came into the possession of Hywel [Dda] ap Cadell ap Rhodri, the ruler of Seisyllwg and the husband of Elen, Llywarch's daughter. It would appear that Hywel also took possession of Brycheiniog, for its royal line ends with Tewdwr ap Griffri, who died about 930. The enlarged kingdom came to be known as Deheubarth, a unit of central importance in the history of Wales during the following four centuries."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 11 F    i. Angharad ferch Hywel Dda 17 was born circa 900 in Deheubarth, Wales.

+ 12 M    ii. Owain ap Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth 18 died about 988.

8. Idwal Foel ap Anarawd ap Rhodri, King of Gwynedd and Powys 13 (Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 942. Another name for Idwal was Idwal ap Anarawd ap Rhodri King of Gwynedd and Powys.

Research Notes: From A History of Wales, pp. 83-84:

"[The submission of Anarawd and Cadell to Alfred] undoubtedly contained an element of coercion, as is demonstrated by the fate of Idwal ab Anarawd, who raised the standard of revolt and who was killed by the English in 942.

"...Deheubarth was united with the territories of Idwal ab Anarawd ap Rhodri--Gwynedd and Powys--in 942, and Hywel died in 950 (or perhaps 949) the ruler of a kingdom which extended from Prestatyn to Pembroke."
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From Wikipedia - Idwal Foel :

Idwal Foel ap Anarawd (English : Idwal the Bald) (died 942) was a King of Gwynedd , referred to as King of the Britons by William of Malmesbury , in whose Gesta Regum Anglorum . William spells his name as Judwalum in the original Latin (anglicized Jothwel); the Annales Cambriae spell it Iudgual.

Idwal inherited the throne of Gwynedd on the death of his father, Anarawd ap Rhodri in 916. He was obliged to acknowledge Athelstan of England as overlord. Following Athelstan's death, Idwal and his brother Elisedd took to arms against the English, but both were killed in battle in 942. The rule of Gwynedd should now have passed to his sons, Iago ab Idwal and Idwal, usually called Ieuaf ab Idwal . However Hywel Dda of Deheubarth , already ruler of most of south Wales , invaded Gwynedd and forced them into exile, adding Gwynedd to his realm. After Hywel's death in 950, Idwal's sons were able to claim the kingdom.

Idwal married someone.

His child was:

+ 13 M    i. Meurig ap Idwal .19

9. Elise ap Anarawd 14 (Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 885 in <Aberffro, Malltraeth, Anglesey>, Wales and died in 942 in Wales about age 57.

Elise married someone.

His child was:

+ 14 F    i. Prawst verch Elise 14 was born about 940 in <Gwynedd>, Wales.

10. Llywelyn ap Merfyn, King of Powys 15 (Merfyn ap, King of Powys4, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 942.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Llywelyn ap Merfyn :

Llywelyn ap Merfyn was an early 10th century King of Powys , son of Merfyn ap Rhodri , and grandson of Rhodri the Great , (died 942).

Noted events in his life were:

• King of Powys: 900-942.

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11. Angharad ferch Hywel Dda 17 (Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born circa 900 in Deheubarth, Wales.

Angharad married Tudor Trevor ap Ynyr ap Cadforch, Lord of Herefored and Whittington, son of Ynyr ap Cadforch, Lord of Maelors, Oswestry and Whittington and Rhiengar verch Lluddoca ap Caradoc Vreichfras,. Tudor was born about 918 in Denbighshire, Wales and died in 948 about age 30. Another name for Tudor was Tudur ap Ynyr.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg58.htm#1156

From A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 655 "TUDOR TREVOR, (so called, because born or nursed at Trevor,) Lord of Hereford, Whittington, and both Maelors, and Founder of the Tribe of the Marches--an appellation derived from the numerous families seated in the marches of England and Wales, descended from him [Ynyr ap Cadforch]. Tudor Trevor's chief seat was Whittington Castle, of which he is said to have been the founder, and the Welsh heralds assign to him as ensigns, "Parted, per bend, sinister, ermine and ermines, over all a Lion, rampant, or," which, as chief arms, or quartered, have been borne by all his descendants. The Lord of Hereford and Whittington m. Angharad, dau. of Howell Dha, King of South Wales, A.D. 907, the celebrated Lawgiver of Cambria, and had issue..."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 15 M    i. Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor was born about 946 in Denbighshire, Wales.

+ 16 M    ii. Gronwy ap Tudor Trevor, Lord of Hereford .

+ 17 M    iii. Llydoch ap Tudor Trevor, Lord of Maelors and Oswestry .

12. Owain ap Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth 18 (Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died about 988.

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81 etc.

From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 93:

"Hywel's creation, the kingdom of Deheubarth, survived his death. In 950 it passed to his son Owain, a man of historical interests, for it would appear that the genealogies and the Annales Cambriae were compiled at his request. Gwynedd and Powys returned to the line of Idwal ab Anarawd while Glamorgan continued to be subject to its own kings."

Owain married someone.

His children were:

+ 18 M    i. Einon ap Owain ap Hywel Dda was born about 945.

+ 19 M    ii. Maredudd ap Owain ap Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth died about 999.

13. Meurig ap Idwal 19 (Idwal Foel ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys8, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Meurig married someone.

His child was:

+ 20 M    i. Idwal ap Meurig .19

14. Prawst verch Elise 14 (Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 940 in <Gwynedd>, Wales.

Prawst married Seisyll ap Ednowain,14 son of Ednowain and Unknown,. Seisyll was born about 938 in Wales.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 21 M    i. Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd 20 was born about 980 in <Rhuddlan, Flintshire>, Wales and died about 1023 about age 43.

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15. Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor (Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 946 in Denbighshire, Wales. Another name for Dyngad was Dingad ap Tudur.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg58.htm#1155

Dyngad married Cicely verch Severus ap Cadivor, daughter of Severus ap Cadivor ap Gwenwynwyn and Unknown,.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 655


The child from this marriage was:

+ 22 M    i. Rhywallon ap Dyngad was born about 977 in Denbighshire, Wales.

16. Gronwy ap Tudor Trevor, Lord of Hereford (Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 655

17. Llydoch ap Tudor Trevor, Lord of Maelors and Oswestry (Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Lord of both Maelors and Oswestry

Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 655

18. Einon ap Owain ap Hywel Dda (Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 945.

Birth Notes: Source: "Eunydd son of Gwenllian" by Darrell Wolcott (http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id51.html)

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, pp. 80-81 gives no birthdate

Einon married someone.

His child was:

+ 23 M    i. Cadell ap Einon .

19. Maredudd ap Owain ap Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth (Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died about 999.

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. XII, edited by Sidney Lee, New York, 1909, p. 1015:

"MAREDUDD ap OWAIN (d. 999 ?), Welsh prince, was the son of Owain ap Hywel Dda. According to the sole authority, the contemporary 'Annales Cambriae,' he lived in the second period of Danish invasion, a time of great disorder in Wales as elsewhere, and first appears as the slayer of Cadwallon ab Idwal, king of Gwynedd, and the conqueror of his realm, which, however, he lost in the ensuing year. In 988, on the death of his father Owain, he succeeded to his dominions, viz. Gower, Kidwelly, Ceredigion, and Dyfed, the latter probably including Ystrad Tywi. His reign, which lasted until 999, was mainly spent in expeditions against his neighbours (Maesyfed was attacked in 991, Morgannwg in 993, Gwynedd in 994) and in repelling the incursions of the Danes. On one occasion he is said to have redeemed his subjects from the Danes at a penny a head.

"Maredudd's only son, so far as is known, died before him. But so great was the prestige he acquired in his brief reign that his daughter, Angharad, was regarded, contrary to ordinary Welsh custom, as capable of transmitting some royal right to her descendants. H first husband, Llywelyn ap Seisyll [q. v.], ruled Gwynedd from about 1010 to 1023, their son, the well-known Gruffydd ap Llywelyn [q. v.], from 1039 to 1063. By her second marriage with Cynfyn ap Gwerstan she had two other sons, Rhiwallon and Bleddyn, of whom the latter, with no claim on the father's side, ruled Gwynedd and Powys from 1069 to 1075 and founded the mediaeval line of princes of Powys. [Annales Cambriae, Rolls ed. The dates given above are nearly all approximate.] J. E. L. [John Edward Lloyd]"

Maredudd married Asritha.21

The child from this marriage was:

+ 24 F    i. Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain .22

20. Idwal ap Meurig 19 (Meurig ap13, Idwal Foel ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys8, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Idwal married someone.

His child was:

+ 25 M    i. Iago ap Idwal, King of Gwynedd 23 died in 1039.

21. Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd 20 (Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 980 in <Rhuddlan, Flintshire>, Wales and died about 1023 about age 43. Another name for Llywelyn was Llywelyn ap Seisyllt Prince of North Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwyned.

Research Notes: Prince of North Wales 980-1023, king of Deheubarth & Gwynedd.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 176-1

From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. XII, edited by Sidney Lee, New York, 1909, p. 1015:

"Maredudd [ap Owain]'s only son, so far as is known, died before him. But so great was the prestige he acquired in his brief reign that his daughter, Angharad, was regarded, contrary to ordinary Welsh custom, as capable of transmitting some royal right to her descendants. H first husband, Llywelyn ap Seisyll [q. v.], ruled Gwynedd from about 1010 to 1023, their son, the well-known Gruffydd ap Llywelyn [q. v.], from 1039 to 1063. By her second marriage with Cynfyn ap Gwerstan she had two other sons, Rhiwallon and Bleddyn, of whom the latter, with no claim on the father's side, ruled Gwynedd and Powys from 1069 to 1075 and founded the mediaeval line of princes of Powys. [Annales Cambriae, Rolls ed. The dates given above are nearly all approximate.] J. E. L. [John Edward Lloyd]"

Noted events in his life were:

• Prince of North Wales: Betw 980 and 1023.

Llywelyn married Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain,22 daughter of Maredudd ap Owain ap Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth and Asritha, in 994.

Marriage Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 176-1 has m. 994

Research Notes: From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. XII, p. 1015:

"Maredudd [ap Owain]'s only son, so far as is known, died before him. But so great was the prestige he acquired in his brief reign that his daughter, Angharad, was regarded, contrary to ordinary Welsh custom, as capable of transmitting some royal right to her descendants. Her first husband, Llywelyn ap Seisyll [q. v.], ruled Gwynedd from about 1010 to 1023, their son, the well-known Gruffydd ap Llywelyn [q. v.], from 1039 to 1063. By her second marriage with Cynfyn ap Gwerstan she had two other sons, Rhiwallon and Bleddyn, of whom the latter, with no claim on the father's side, ruled Gwynedd and Powys from 1069 to 1075 and founded the mediaeval line of princes of Powys. [Annales Cambriae, Rolls ed. The dates given above are nearly all approximate.] J. E. L. [John Edward Lloyd]"

Source at http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/7137 gives Angharad's parents as Maredudd ab Owain and Asritha.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 26 M    i. Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales 24 was born about 1011 in <Rhuddlyn, Flintshire>, Wales and died on 5 Aug 1063 about age 52.

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22. Rhywallon ap Dyngad (Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 977 in Denbighshire, Wales. Another name for Rhywallon was Rhiwallon ap Dingad.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg57.htm#1154

Rhywallon married Lettice verch Cadwaladr ap Peredir Goch, daughter of Cadwaladr ap Peredir Goch and Unknown,.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 655


The child from this marriage was:

+ 27 M    i. Cynric ap Rhywallon was born in Denbighshire, Wales.

23. Cadell ap Einon (Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, pp. 80-81

Cadell married someone.

His child was:

+ 28 M    i. Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales .

24. Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain 22 (Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. XII, p. 1015:

"Maredudd [ap Owain]'s only son, so far as is known, died before him. But so great was the prestige he acquired in his brief reign that his daughter, Angharad, was regarded, contrary to ordinary Welsh custom, as capable of transmitting some royal right to her descendants. Her first husband, Llywelyn ap Seisyll [q. v.], ruled Gwynedd from about 1010 to 1023, their son, the well-known Gruffydd ap Llywelyn [q. v.], from 1039 to 1063. By her second marriage with Cynfyn ap Gwerstan she had two other sons, Rhiwallon and Bleddyn, of whom the latter, with no claim on the father's side, ruled Gwynedd and Powys from 1069 to 1075 and founded the mediaeval line of princes of Powys. [Annales Cambriae, Rolls ed. The dates given above are nearly all approximate.] J. E. L. [John Edward Lloyd]"

Source at http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/7137 gives Angharad's parents as Maredudd ab Owain and Asritha.

Angharad married Cynfyn ap Gwerstan, son of Gwerstan and Unknown,.

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. XII, edited by Sidney Lee, New York, 1909, p. 1015:

"Maredudd [ap Owain]'s only son, so far as is known, died before him. But so great was the prestige he acquired in his brief reign that his daughter, Angharad, was regarded, contrary to ordinary Welsh custom, as capable of transmitting some royal right to her descendants. H first husband, Llywelyn ap Seisyll [q. v.], ruled Gwynedd from about 1010 to 1023, their son, the well-known Gruffydd ap Llywelyn [q. v.], from 1039 to 1063. By her second marriage with Cynfyn ap Gwerstan she had two other sons, Rhiwallon and Bleddyn, of whom the latter, with no claim on the father's side, ruled Gwynedd and Powys from 1069 to 1075 and founded the mediaeval line of princes of Powys. [Annales Cambriae, Rolls ed. The dates given above are nearly all approximate.] J. E. L. [John Edward Lloyd]"


Children from this marriage were:

+ 29 M    i. Bleddyn ap Cynfyn died about 1075.

+ 30 M    ii. Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn, of Powys .

+ 31 F    iii. Morwyl ap Cynfyn 25 was born about 1048.

Angharad next married Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd,20 son of Seisyll ap Ednowain and Prawst verch Elise, in 994. Llywelyn was born about 980 in <Rhuddlan, Flintshire>, Wales and died about 1023 about age 43. Another name for Llywelyn was Llywelyn ap Seisyllt Prince of North Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwyned.

Marriage Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 176-1 has m. 994

Research Notes: Prince of North Wales 980-1023, king of Deheubarth & Gwynedd.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 176-1

From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. XII, edited by Sidney Lee, New York, 1909, p. 1015:

"Maredudd [ap Owain]'s only son, so far as is known, died before him. But so great was the prestige he acquired in his brief reign that his daughter, Angharad, was regarded, contrary to ordinary Welsh custom, as capable of transmitting some royal right to her descendants. H first husband, Llywelyn ap Seisyll [q. v.], ruled Gwynedd from about 1010 to 1023, their son, the well-known Gruffydd ap Llywelyn [q. v.], from 1039 to 1063. By her second marriage with Cynfyn ap Gwerstan she had two other sons, Rhiwallon and Bleddyn, of whom the latter, with no claim on the father's side, ruled Gwynedd and Powys from 1069 to 1075 and founded the mediaeval line of princes of Powys. [Annales Cambriae, Rolls ed. The dates given above are nearly all approximate.] J. E. L. [John Edward Lloyd]"

Noted events in his life were:

• Prince of North Wales: Betw 980 and 1023.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 21)

25. Iago ap Idwal, King of Gwynedd 23 (Idwal ap20, Meurig ap13, Idwal Foel ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys8, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1039.

Death Notes: Killed by his own men.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Iago ab Idwal ap Meurig :

Iago ab Idwal ap Meurig (died 1039) was a Prince of Gwynedd .

On the death of Llywelyn ap Seisyll in 1023, the rule of Gwynedd returned to the ancient dynasty with the accession of Iago, who was a great-grandson of Idwal Foel .

Very little is known about the reign of Iago. He was killed by his own men in 1039 and replaced by Llywelyn ap Seisyll's son, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn . Iago's grandson Gruffydd ap Cynan later won the throne of Gwynedd, and because his father, Cynan ap Iago , was little known in Wales, Gruffydd was styled "grandson of Iago" rather than the usual "son of Cynan".

Iago married someone.

His child was:

+ 32 M    i. Cynan ap Iago, Prince of North Wales 26 died in 1060.

26. Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales 24 (Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1011 in <Rhuddlyn, Flintshire>, Wales and died on 5 Aug 1063 about age 52. Another name for Gruffydd was Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Prince of North Wales.

Death Notes: Slain

Noted events in his life were:

• King of Gwynedd & Powys: 1039.

• King of Deheubarth: 1055.

Gruffydd married Edith,27 daughter of Ælfgar, Earl of Mercia and Ælfgifu, about 1057. Edith was born about 1034 in <Mercia>, England and died after 1086. Other names for Edith were Aldgyth and Ealdgyth Queen of England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 33 F    i. Nest verch Gruffydd 28 was born about Jul 1055 in Wales.

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27. Cynric ap Rhywallon (Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Denbighshire, Wales. Another name for Cynric was Cynwrig ap Rhiwallon.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg57.htm#1153

Cynric married someone.

His children were:

+ 34 M    i. Ninniau ap Cynric was born in Denbighshire, Wales.

+ 35 M    ii. Ednyfed ap Cynric .

+ 36 M    iii. Hwfa ap Cynric .

+ 37 M    iv. Llewelyn ap Cynric .

28. Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales (Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1). Other names for Tudor were Tewdwr Mawr Prince of South Wales and Tewdwr ap Cadell.

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, pp. 80-81

Tudor married someone.

His child was:

+ 38 M    i. Rhys ap Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales died in 1093.

29. Bleddyn ap Cynfyn (Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died about 1075. Another name for Bleddyn was Blethyn ap Cynvyn.

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81
----

Prince of Powys 1069-1075.

From "Eunydd son of Gwenllian" by Darrell Wolcott (http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id51.html):
"Bleddyn ap Cynfyn was the prince of Powys from 1069 until his death in 1075. There is no record of him ever fighting the English, either in Bromfield or elsewhere; he was confirmed as a local ruler in Wales by Edward the Confessor in 1063 and nothing indicates the Norman Marcher Lords invaded Powys as early as 1075. He was killed long before Dafydd ap Owain Gwynedd was born; the active floruit of the latter was c. 1173-1203."

Noted events in his life were:

• Prince of Powys: 1069-1075.

Bleddyn married someone.

His children were:

+ 39 M    i. Maredudd ap Bleddyn died about 1132.

+ 40 M    ii. Iowerth ap Bleddyn died about 1112.

+ 41 M    iii. Cadwgan ap Bleddyn died about 1112.

30. Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn, of Powys (Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Dictionary of National Biography, vol. XII, edited by Sidney Lee, New York, 1909, p. 1015

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, line 178-1 (Rhys ap Tudor Mawr)

Rhiwallon married someone.

His child was:

+ 42 F    i. Gwladus verch Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn, of Powys .

31. Morwyl ap Cynfyn 25 (Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1048.

Research Notes: Source at http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6138 gives Morwyl's parents as Cynfyn and Angharad verch Maredudd.

Morwyl married Owain ap Edwyn ap Goronwy, Lord of Englefield,29 son of Edwin ap Gronwy, Lord of Tegeingl and Unknown,. Owain was born about 1044 and died about 1105 about age 61. Another name for Owain was Owen ap Edwyn ap Goronwy Lord of Englefield.

Research Notes: Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV (London, 1884), p. 341
---
Source: The History of the Gwydir Family by Sir John Wynne (Oswestry, 1878), p. 12
-----
From "The Ancestry of Edwin of Tegeingl" by Darrell Wolcott (http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id42.htm) :
"In the last years of the eleventh century and the opening years of the next, Owain ap Edwin was installed by the Normans as ruler of Gwynedd after they had caused Gruffudd ap Cynan to flee to Ireland. It earned him the Welsh epithet "Fradwr" or traitor; but it seems clear from the chronicles that this family remained a major player in north Wales until 1125 when three sons of Owain ap Edwin were killed by a son of Gruffudd ap Cynan."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 43 M    i. Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn .

+ 44 F    ii. Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl 30 was born about 1065 in <Tegeingl, Flintshire, Wales> and died in 1162 about age 97.

32. Cynan ap Iago, Prince of North Wales 26 (Iago ap, King of Gwynedd25, Idwal ap20, Meurig ap13, Idwal Foel ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys8, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1060.

Research Notes: Cynan was exiled in Dublin.

From Wikipedia - Cynan ab Iago :

Cynan ab Iago (died c. 1060) was a Welsh Prince, the son of Iago ab Idwal , King of Gwynedd and father of Gruffydd ap Cynan who also became king of Gwynedd.

Iago ab Idwal was king of Gwynedd from 1023 to 1039, but in the latter year he was killed by one of his own men and the throne was seized by Gruffydd ap Llywelyn . Cynan was forced to flee to Ireland and took refuge at the Danish settlement of Dublin. He married Ragnaillt daughter of Olaf of Dublin, son of King Sigtrygg Silkbeard and a member of the Hiberno-Norse dynasty. Ragnaillt, who appears in the list of the fair women of Ireland in the Book of Leinster , was also a descendant of Brian Boru .

Cynan may have died fairly soon after the birth of their son Gruffydd ap Cynan, for the near-contemporary biography of Gruffydd details Cynan's ancestry but does not refer to him in its account of Gruffydd's youth; describing Gruffydd's mother telling him who his father was and what patrimony he could claim. Gruffydd ap Llywelyn was killed in 1063, by his own men according to Brut y Tywysogion . The Ulster Chronicle however states that it was Cynan ap Iago who killed him.

As his son Gruffydd was supposedly born c. 1055, the date of death "1039" is doubtful (Gruffydd died 1137).

Cynan's claim to the throne of Gwynedd was passed on to his son. When Gruffydd first appeared on the scene in Wales the Welsh annals several times refer to him as "grandson of Iago" rather than the more usual "son of Cynan", indicating that his father was little known in Wales.

Cynan married Ragnaillt,31 daughter of Olaf, of Dublin and Maelcorcre,. Another name for Ragnaillt was Raignillt of Dublin.

Research Notes: Source:Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 239-4


The child from this marriage was:

+ 45 M    i. Gruffydd ap Cynan, Prince of North Wales (Gwynedd) 32 was born in 1055 in Dublin, Leinster, Ireland and died in 1137 at age 82.

33. Nest verch Gruffydd 28 (Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about Jul 1055 in Wales. Another name for Nest was Nesta of North Wales.

Birth Notes: FamilySearch has b. abt 1059, Rhuddlan, Flintshire, Wales.

Nest married Osborn Fitz Richard, of Richard's Castle, Hereford,33 son of Richard FitzScrob, of Richard's Castle, Hereford and Unknown,. Osborn was born about 1055 in Herefordshire, England and died after 1100. Other names for Osborn were Osbern FitzRichard and Osbert Fitz Richard.

Death Notes: FamilySearch has d. 1080 in England.

Noted events in his life were:

• Sheriff: of Hereford, 1060.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 46 F    i. Nesta 34 was born about 1079 in Herefordshire, England.

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34. Ninniau ap Cynric (Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Denbighshire, Wales. Another name for Ninniau was Nynnio ap Cynwrig.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg57.htm#1152

Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656

Ninniau married someone.

His child was:

+ 47 M    i. Ieuaf ap Ninniau was born in Denbighshire, Wales.

35. Ednyfed ap Cynric (Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 655

36. Hwfa ap Cynric (Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656

37. Llewelyn ap Cynric (Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656

38. Rhys ap Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales (Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1093. Another name for Rhys was Rhys ap Tewdwr Ruler of Deheubarth.

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, pp. 80-81

This is the senior branch of the royal house of Deheubarth

From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 103:

"William I died in 1087 and his territories were divided among his sons--his eldes, Robert, became duke of Normandy and his second son, William Rufus, became king of England. William II was less masterful than his father and less able to maintain the patronage which Rhys ap Tewdwr had received from William I. In 1088 Bernard of Neufmarché attacked Deheubarth; he captured Brycheiniog and began to build a castle at the confluence of the rivers Usk and Honddu (Aberhonddu--Brecon). In 1093, in seeking to resist him, Rhys ap Tewdwr was killed."

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, line 178-1

Rhys married Gwladus verch Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn, of Powys, daughter of Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn, of Powys and Unknown,. Another name for Gwladus was Gwladys verch Rhiwallon of Powys.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, line 178-1 (Rhys ap Tudor Mawr).


Children from this marriage were:

+ 48 M    i. Gruffudd ap Rhys ap Tewdwr, Prince of South Wales died before 1150.

+ 49 M    ii. Hywel ap Rhys .

+ 50 F    iii. Nest verch Rhys 35 died after 1136.

39. Maredudd ap Bleddyn (Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died about 1132. Another name for Maredudd was Maredydd ap Bleddyn.

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. XII, edited by Sidney Lee, New York, 1909, pp. 1015-1016:

"MAREDUDD ap BLEDDYN (d. 1182), prince of Powys, was the son of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn (d. 1075), founder of the last native dynasty of Powys. Durikng his earlier years he played only a subordinate part in Welsh affairs, being overshadowed by his brothers Iowerth [q.v.] and Cadwgan (d. 1112) [q.v.] He joined them in the support which they gave to their over-lord, Earl Robert of Shrewsbury, in his rebellion against Henry I (1102), but Iorwerth soon went over to the king and, while making his peace with Cadwgan, consigned Maredudd to a royal prison. In 1107 Maredudd escaped and returned to Powys. He remained, however, without territory for several years. Even when Iorwerth and Cadwgan were slain in succession in 1112 he did not improve his position. According to 'Brut y Tywysogion' (Oxford edit. p. 291), he was in 1113 'penteulu' (captain of the guard) to Owain ap Cadwgan, an office specially reserved by Welsh custom for landless members of the royal family (Ancient Laws of Wales, ed. 1841, i. 12). In that year, however, Owain divided with him the forfeited domains of Madog ap Fhiryd. Though the gift seems to have been resumed, Maredudd recovered it on Owain's death in 1116, and henceforward appears regularly among the princes of Powys. In 1118 he took part in the feud between Hywel of Rhos and Rhufoniog and the sons of Owain ab Edwin. In 1121 he was leader of the resistance offered by Powys to the invasion of Henry I. During the few remaining years of his life his power grew apace; in 1128 his nephew, Einon ap Cadwgan, bequeathed him his territory; in 1124 a second son of Cadwgan, Maredudd, was murdered; and in 1128 a third, Morgan, eied on pilgrimage. Two other enemies to his progress--his nephew, Ithel ap Rhiryd, and his great-nephew, Llywelyn ab Owain--Maredudd himself removed, the former by murder, the latter by mutilation. Thus at his death in 1132 he was lord of all Powys [see MADOG ap MAREDUDD]. [Annales Cambriae, Rolls ed.; Brut y Tywysogion, Oxford edit. of Red Book of Hergest.] J. E. L. [John Edward Lloyd]"




Maredudd married someone.

His child was:

+ 51 M    i. Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys 36 was born about 1091 and died in 1160 about age 69.

40. Iowerth ap Bleddyn (Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died about 1112.

Research Notes: Source: Dictionary of National Biography, vol. XII, edited by Sidney Lee, New York, 1909, p. 1015:

41. Cadwgan ap Bleddyn (Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died about 1112.

Research Notes: Source: Dictionary of National Biography, vol. XII, edited by Sidney Lee, New York, 1909, p. 1015:

42. Gwladus verch Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn, of Powys (Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn, of Powys30, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1). Another name for Gwladus was Gwladys verch Rhiwallon of Powys.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, line 178-1 (Rhys ap Tudor Mawr).

Gwladus married Rhys ap Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales, son of Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales and Unknown,. Rhys died in 1093. Another name for Rhys was Rhys ap Tewdwr Ruler of Deheubarth.

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, pp. 80-81

This is the senior branch of the royal house of Deheubarth

From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 103:

"William I died in 1087 and his territories were divided among his sons--his eldes, Robert, became duke of Normandy and his second son, William Rufus, became king of England. William II was less masterful than his father and less able to maintain the patronage which Rhys ap Tewdwr had received from William I. In 1088 Bernard of Neufmarché attacked Deheubarth; he captured Brycheiniog and began to build a castle at the confluence of the rivers Usk and Honddu (Aberhonddu--Brecon). In 1093, in seeking to resist him, Rhys ap Tewdwr was killed."

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, line 178-1

(Duplicate Line. See Person 38)

43. Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn (Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV (London, 1884), p. 341

Llywelyn married someone.

His child was:

+ 52 M    i. Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn .

44. Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl 30 (Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1065 in <Tegeingl, Flintshire, Wales> and died in 1162 about age 97. Another name for Angharad was Anghared verch Owen ap Edwyn.

Research Notes: Source at http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6392 gives Angharad's mother as Morwyl.

Angharad married Gruffydd ap Cynan, Prince of North Wales (Gwynedd),32 son of Cynan ap Iago, Prince of North Wales and Ragnaillt, about 1095. Gruffydd was born in 1055 in Dublin, Leinster, Ireland and died in 1137 at age 82. Other names for Gruffydd were Griffith, Gruffudd ap Cynan Ruler of Gwynedd, and Gryffydd ap Cynan Prince of North Wales (Gwynedd).

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-26 (Iorwerth Drwyndwn) and Line 239-5.

House of Aberffraw

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 80.

Source at http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6394 says "Gruffydd ap Cynan, King of Gwynedd (George Washington's 18-great-grandfather). The same website has him in Thomas Jefferson's lineage.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 53 F    i. Gwenllian verch Gruffudd ap Cynan, of North Wales died before 1150.

+ 54 M    ii. Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd ap Cynan .

+ 55 M    iii. Owain I Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales 37 was born about 1100, died on 28 Nov 1170 about age 70, and was buried in Bangor Cathedral, Bangor, Wales.

+ 56 F    iv. Susanna verch Gruffudd ap Cynan 38 was born about 1095.

45. Gruffydd ap Cynan, Prince of North Wales (Gwynedd) 32 (Cynan ap, Prince of North Wales32, Iago ap, King of Gwynedd25, Idwal ap20, Meurig ap13, Idwal Foel ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys8, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1055 in Dublin, Leinster, Ireland and died in 1137 at age 82. Other names for Gruffydd were Griffith, Gruffudd ap Cynan Ruler of Gwynedd, and Gryffydd ap Cynan Prince of North Wales (Gwynedd).

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-26 (Iorwerth Drwyndwn) and Line 239-5.

House of Aberffraw

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 80.

Source at http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6394 says "Gruffydd ap Cynan, King of Gwynedd (George Washington's 18-great-grandfather). The same website has him in Thomas Jefferson's lineage.

Gruffydd married Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl,30 daughter of Owain ap Edwyn ap Goronwy, Lord of Englefield and Morwyl ap Cynfyn, about 1095. Angharad was born about 1065 in <Tegeingl, Flintshire, Wales> and died in 1162 about age 97. Another name for Angharad was Anghared verch Owen ap Edwyn.

Research Notes: Source at http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6392 gives Angharad's mother as Morwyl.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 44)

Gruffydd next married someone.

His child was:

+ 57 F    i. Susanna ferch Gryffydd ap Cynan .

46. Nesta 34 (Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1079 in Herefordshire, England. Other names for Nesta were Nest and Nest verch Osbern.

Nesta married Bernard de Neufmarché, Lord of Brecon,39 son of Geoffroy de Neufmarché and Ada FitzGilbert, de Hugleville,. Bernard was born about 1050 in Le-Neuf-Marché-en-Lions and died about 1125 about age 75. Another name for Bernard was Bernard of Newmarket, Lord of Brecon.

Birth Notes: FamilySearch has b. abt 1070

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Bernard de Neufmarché :

Bernard of Neufmarché or Newmarket (c. 1050 - c. 1125) was "the first of the original conquerors of Wales ."[1] He was a minor Norman lord who rose to power in the Welsh Marches before successfully undertaking the invasion and conquest of the Kingdom of Brycheiniog between 1088 and 1095. Out of the ruins of the Welsh kingdom he created the Anglo-Norman lordship of Brecon .

Coming to England
Because Bernard's family had attachments to the monastery of Saint-Evroul-sur-Ouche , the monkish chronicler Orderic Vitalis of that foundation had special knowledge of him and his family, though this still does not reduce the general obscurity of his origins or his life when compared to the richer Marcher lords , like the great Roger of Montgomery .[2] Bernard was the son of the minor and incompetent Norman baron Geoffrey de Neufmarché and Ada de Heugelville,[3] and he was born at the castle of Le-Neuf-Marché-en-Lions on the frontier between Normandy and Beauvais .[4] His ancestors on his mother's side had founded the town of Aufay south of Dieppe on the Sie , while his paternal grandfather, Turketil had served the young William II of Normandy as a guardian and was killed in that capacity. On his mother's side he also descended from Richard II of Normandy .[5]

The question of Bernard's participation in the Battle of Hastings and therefore in the Norman Invasion is subject to debate.[4] While Bernard had close family connexions to the port of Saint-Valery-sur-Somme from which William's invading fleet launched, Bernard himself was not the ruler of that city and need not have been in the fleet. He had later connexions with Battle Abbey : he established a cell of that abbey in Brecon, but that may have been an analogous foundation intended to mark his conquest of Brycheiniog.[6] Bernard's peculiar absence from the Domesday Book more or less damns the case for his presence at Hastings, for it is impossible that a noble participant in the victorious battle should not have received land to be recorded in Domesday if he was still living in 1087.[6]


Rise to power
Bernard was finally rewarded by the king, then William II of Normandy, in 1086 or 1087. He received lands in Herefordshire and lands which had devolved to the crown with the deaths of Gilbert fitz Thorold and Alfred of Marlborough .[7] Gilbert's lands were concentrated in Herefordshire and included the manors of Bach , Middlewood , and Harewood in the Golden Valley and the castles of Dorstone , Snodhill , and Urishay connecting Clifford Castle to Ewyas Harold , which belonged to Alfred's lordship.[8] Among Bernard's acquisitions from Gilbert was the domus defensabilis of Eardisley . From Alfred he received Pembridge , Burghill , and Brinsop .[6] Of these it should be noted that Snodhill was not founded until the twelfth century and then became the caput of the honour of Chandos . Bernard was also established in Speen and Newbury in Berkshire and Brinsop and Burghill in Herefordshire sometime before 1079. Both these latter vills were held from his honour of Brecon in the twelfth century. Bernard's ommission from Domesday is especially peculiar there. It is possible that he had some kind of exemption.

Probably as a consequence of his rapid rise in the marches, Bernard attracted the attention of Osbern fitz Richard , who gave him his daughter, Agnes (Nest), whose mother was the Welsh princess Nest, daughter of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn and Edith of Mercia ,[3] in marriage sometime before 1099.[9] She brought with her a dowry of Berrington and Little Hereford .
All of Bernard's estates lay in the valley of the river Wye and along an old Roman road which led from Watling Street to Y Gaer and on into Brycheiniog. The military possibilities of that road could only have encouraged his subsequent ventures into Wales.[10]

Conquest of Brycheiniog
Bernard joined the rebellion of the marcher lords against William Rufus at Lent in 1088.[11] Bernard escaped without recorded punishment and the king probably conceded the marcher lords the right to expand their lands by conquest at the expense of the Welsh buffer kingdoms of Brycheiniog, Morgannwg , and Gwynllwg .[12] Shortly after the settlement with the king, Bernard spearheaded an invasion of Brycheiniog which was to lead eventually to its conquest. Before the end of the year, though, he had captured Glasbury , for he issued a charter for lands near that place to the abbey of Saint Peter's at Gloucester (Autumn 1088).[6]

The chronology of events at this juncture is often confused. Bernard may well have already been in power in Brycheiniog by 1088 if he had already inherited a claim to it after the defeat of Roger de Breteuil , Earl of Hereford , in 1075. In 1088 the king, William Rufus, confirmed a previous charter of Bernard's stating that he had already made an exchange "within his lordship of Brycheiniog" at Glasbury. He also already held Castell Dinas which had probably been built by the Earl of Hereford before 1075.

After the initial conquest of 1088, Bernard continued warring with Brycheiniog until 1090, probably supported by Richard fitz Pons , the lord of Clifford.[13] Talgarth was captured early and a castle was constructed at Bronllys where the rivers Dulais and Llyfni meet, a site probably central to the llys of the tywysog of the commote of Bronllys.[13] By 1091 Bernard had reached the valley of the Usk , which was at the centre of the kingdom which was to become his own principality.

There is some discrepancy in this description of events also. Richard Fitz Pons was lord of Llandovery , which he had reached probably through Glamorgan , already by 1088. Bronllys Castle may not have been built until 1144, when Roger Fitzmiles , Earl of Hereford, is first recorded granting it as a five knights' fee mesne barony to Walter de Clifford , son of Richard Fitz Pons.

According to much later accounts and reconstructions, the accuracy of which is very dubious but which contain some references to verifiable history, the king of Brycheiniog, Bleddyn ap Maenarch , allied with the king of Deheubarth , Rhys ap Tewdwr , in 1093 (or perhaps 1094) and tried to attack the forces of Bernard which were building a castle at Brecon on the Usk and Honddu in the centre of a great plain in his kingdom where several Roman viae met.[14] Bleddyn led a charge up the hill, but the Normans defeated the Welsh and Rhys was killed in battle. Brecknock Priory , which was later founded at the site of the battle, may have been built on the spot where Rhys supposedly fell.[15] Bleddyn died not long after and Bernard was able to advance over the whole of Brycheiniog.

Reliable historical records refer to no king of Brycheiniog after a Tewdwr ab Elise who died after 934. Certainly there is no contemporary reference to a Bleddyn ap Maenarch. The Welsh Bruts simply state that "Rhys ap Tewdwr, king of Deheubarth, was slain by the Frenchmen who were inhabiting Brycheiniog." This passage lends evidence to the belief that the conquest of Brycheiniog was mostly finished by Eastertide 1093 and that the main effect of the battle of Brecon was to open the way to the conquest of Deheubarth.

Pacification and administration of Brycheiniog
He followed the Usk down to Ystradyw and took it, which incited the bishops of Llandaff to protest because the annexation of Ystradyw removed it from their diocese and brought it into the lordship of Brecon, which was under the episcopal authority of Saint David's .[16] In Spring 1094, the southern Welsh rose in revolt against the Normans that had come to dominate them. Brycheiniog was unaffected and the Normans of that region launched a counterattack from Ystrad Tywy and Cantref Bychan which devastated Kidwelly and Gower but did not put down the revolt.[16] In 1095 it spread to Brycheiniog and the Welsh of the countryside, allied with their compatriots of Gwynllwg and Gwent took back control of the province while the Normans were forced into their fortified centres.
Two expeditions from Glamorgan came to the rescue of the garrisons of Brycheiniog. The first was crushed in battle at Celli Carnant , but the second defeated the rebels at Aber Llech .[17] What followed was the complete encastellation of Brycheiniog. Among the castles possibly built during Bernard's lordship to defend the entrances to Brycheiniog from the southeast were Tretower , Blaen Llyfni (not attested before 1207-1215), and Crickhowell .

Bernard also extensively enfeoffed his followers with Welsh land.[17] Richard fitz Pons may have been enfeoffed at Cantref Selyff on the western border of Brycheiniog and immediately he began in miniature the process whereby Bernard had come to rule Brycheiniog.[17] However, Richard's son Walter is the first recorded landholder at Cantref Selyff. Furthermore, Bernard enfeoffed the sons of the king he had displaced in the less habitable land, thereby creating a loyal Welsh aristocracy and extracting more out of his land than the Normans otherwise knew how to do.[18] The Normans lived predominantly in the valleys and lowlands in an agrarian society while the Welsh kept to the hills and mountains living pastorally, thus creating an overall economic gain.[19] Among Bleddyn's sons, Gwrgan received Blaen Llyfni and Aberllyfni while Caradog received an unnamed hill country, and Drymbenog, Bleddyn's brother, was given land neighbouring that of Richard fitz Pons.

Death and succession
By the time of his death around 1125, Bernard had established a flourishing borough around his castle of Brecon. Henry I had married Bernard's daughter Sybil to Miles Fitz Walter , the sheriff of Gloucestershire , in 1121 and passed a significant portion of Bernard's honour to him as a dowry, including Hay-on-Wye Castle.[20] According to Giraldus Cambrensis this was because Mahel de Neufmarché the son and heir of Bernard had mutilated the paramour of his mother. In vengeance his mother, Princess Nesta, swore to King Henry I that her son was illegitimate. Henry was therefore able by law and custom to pass over Mahel and give the land to his friend and confident Miles Fitz Walter with Bernard's legal heiress in marriage.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 58 F    i. Sibyl de Neufmarché 40 was born about 1096 in <Aberconwy, Wales> and died after 1143 in Gloucestershire, England.

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47. Ieuaf ap Ninniau (Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Denbighshire, Wales. Another name for Ieuaf was Ieuaf ap Nynnio.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg57.htm#1151

Ieuaf married Efa verch Einion ap Howel.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656


Children from this marriage were:

+ 59 M    i. Iorwerth Vychan ap Ieuaf, of Llwynon, co. Denbig was born in Denbighshire, Wales.

+ 60 M    ii. Einion ap Ieuaf .

48. Gruffudd ap Rhys ap Tewdwr, Prince of South Wales (Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died before 1150. Another name for Gruffudd was Gruffudd ap Rhys ap Tewdwr.

Research Notes: Source: Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912, p. 281, gives his title as Prince of South Wales.


Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, pp. 80-81

Head of the house of Dinefwr

From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 103:

"A few months after the death of Rhys [in 1093], the forces of Roger, earl of Shrewsbury, surged from Powys into Ceredigion; they built a castle on the estuary of the river Teifi (Aberteifi--Cardigan) and they continued their way towards the fertile lands of southern Dyfed. There, Roger's son Arnulf seized the cantref of Penfro, where he built Pembroke Castle, one of the greatest of the strongholds of the Normans in Wales. Hywel, Rhys's youngest son, was imprivoned by Arnulf, and Gruffudd, the eldest was taken to Ireland for refuge"

Ibid, p. 121:

"The Norman hold upon Deheubarth was especially fragile. There, Gruffud ap Rhys ap Tewdwr and his wife Gwenllian were killed in an attack upon the invaders, but by about 1150 their sons had succeeded in seizing almost the whole of Ystrad Tywi and much of Dyfed."

Gruffudd married Gwenllian verch Gruffudd ap Cynan, of North Wales, daughter of Gruffydd ap Cynan, Prince of North Wales (Gwynedd) and Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl,. Gwenllian died before 1150. Another name for Gwenllian was Gwenlian verch Gruffudd.

Research Notes: From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 121:

"The Norman hold upon Deheubarth was especially fragile. There, Gruffud ap Rhys ap Tewdwr and his wife Gwenllian were killed in an attack upon the invaders, but by about 1150 their sons had succeeded in seizing almost the whole of Ystrad Tywi and much of Dyfed."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 61 M    i. Rhys ap Gruffudd ap Rhys Tewdwr, Justice of South Wales .

+ 62 F    ii. Gwenllian verch Griffith ap Rhys .38

49. Hywel ap Rhys (Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Rhys' youngest son.

From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 103:

"A few months after the death of Rhys [in 1093], the forces of Roger, earl of Shrewsbury, surged from Powys into Ceredigion; they built a castle on the estuary of the river Teifi (Aberteifi--Cardigan) and they continued their way towards the fertile lands of southern Dyfed. There, Roger's son Arnulf seized the cantref of Penfro, where he built Pembroke Castle, one of the greatest of the strongholds of the Normans in Wales. Hywel, Rhys's youngest son, was imprivoned by Arnulf, and Gruffudd, the eldest was taken to Ireland for refuge"

50. Nest verch Rhys 35 (Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died after 1136. Other names for Nest were Nest of Deheubarth and Nest of Wales.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Nest ferch Rhys :

Nest ferch Rhys (died after 1136 ) was a Welsh princess of Deheubarth who was renowned for her beauty. Nest was the daughter of Prince Rhys ap Tewdwr Mawr by his wife, Gwladys ferch Rhiwallon . After her father's death in 1093 , Deheubarth was conquered by the Normans and King Henry I of England appointed himself her protector. Nest is thought to have borne him a son, Henry FitzRoy (1103-1158).[1]

Around 1095 King Henry decided to marry Nest to one of his followers, Gerald de Windsor , whom he appointed Constable of Pembroke .
Nest and Gerald had five children:
William FitzGerald (died 1173 )
Maurice FitzGerald , Lord of Llansteffan (died 1 September 1177 )
David FitzGerald , Archdeacon of Cardigan and Bishop of St David's
Angharad de Windsor , who married William de Barry
A daughter (possibly Gwladys), the mother of Milo de Cogan

During Christmas 1109 , Nest and her husband were visited by her cousin, Owain ap Cadwgan , son of Cadwgan ap Bleddyn , Prince of Powys . The story goes that Owain was so taken with Nest's beauty that he and fifteen companions attacked the castle of Cenarth Bychan (possibly Cilgerran Castle or Carew Castle , both in Pembrokeshire ), seized Nest, and carried her and her children off.

Tradition also states that Gerald escaped by jumping down the garderobe (i.e. the lavatory chute) to get away. The children were later returned to Gerald. Nest is said to have borne Owain two sons, Llywelyn and Einion, before finally being returned to her husband.

This abduction earned Nest the nickname "Helen of Wales " because it led to civil war on a small scale. Owain ap Cadwgan left the country to avoid retribution, whilst Owain's father, Cadwgan ap Bleddyn , lost his own lands. Gerald waited for Owain to return to Wales, then ambushed and killed him. After Gerald's death, Nest became the lover of Stephen, Constable of Cardigan , by whom she had another son, Robert Fitz-Stephen who died in 1182 .

Nest's daughter, Angharad, married William de Barry and had by him four sons: Robert; Philip, the founder of Ballybeg Abbey at Buttevant in Ireland; Walter; the historian Gerald of Wales . Her sons Philip and Robert campaigned in Ireland with Strongbow ; Robert died there in 1182 .


Robert and Philip were the founders of the family Walsh /Welsh of Kilkenny where they built a Castle known as Castle hale of Kilkenny, Ireland Castle Hale of the Walsh Mountains Kilkenny They conquered Kilkenny. They had become known as the "Welshies" rather than "Hywel" and thus named,they remain to this day; the name Hale being derived from Howell.

Therefore the Welsh and Walsh family of Kilkenny Ireland are also descended from Hywel Dda .

Noted events in her life were:

• Mistress: of Henry I, 1093-1095.

• Abducted: by Owain ap Cadwgan ap Bleddyn, Dec 1109.

Nest married Gerald de Windsor,41 son of Walter FitzOther, of Stanwell and Gwladys verch Ryall, about 1095. Gerald died before 1136.42 Other names for Gerald were Gerald FitzWalter and Gerald de Wyndesore.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Gerald de Windsor :

Gerald de Windsor, also known as Gerald FitzWalter, was the nobleman in charge of the Norman forces in Wales in the late 11th century.

Gerald was the son of Walter FitzOtho and Gwladys ferch Ryall , married Nest of Deheubarth , daughter of Prince Rhys ap Tewdwr and Gwladys ferch Rhiwallon , around c. 1095.

Gerald held the office of Constable of Pembroke Castle from 1102 , was granted the manor of Moulsford in Berkshire (now Oxfordshire ) by the King and built a motte and bailey castle at Carew in Pembrokeshire .

He had five children with Nesta:
William (died 1173), Father of Raymond Fitzgerald
Maurice FitzGerald (born c. 1100, died 1 September 1176 ) and
David FitzGerald , Bishop of St David's (died c. 1176)[1],
Angharad
possibly Gwladys

Noted events in his life were:

• Constable: of Pembroke Castle, 1102.

• Granted: the manor of Moulsford in Berkshire (now Oxfordshire) by the King.

• Built: a motte and bailey castle at Carew in Pembrokeshire.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 63 M    i. Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales 43 was born about 1100 in <Windsor, England> and died on 1 Sep 1176 in <Wexford, England> about age 76.

+ 64 M    ii. William FitzGerald 44 died in 1173.

+ 65 M    iii. David FitzGerald, Bishop of St. David's 45 died about 1176.

+ 66 F    iv. Angharad de Windsor .46

51. Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys 36 (Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1091 and died in 1160 about age 69. Another name for Madog was Madoc ap Maredudd Ruler of Powys.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-26 (Iorwerth Drwyndwn).

Source also: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

House of Mathrafal.

Source at http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6394 skips a generation (does not have Maredudd ap Bleddyn).

Madog married Susanna verch Gruffudd ap Cynan,38 daughter of Gruffydd ap Cynan, Prince of North Wales (Gwynedd) and Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl,. Susanna was born about 1095. Another name for Susanna was Susanna verch Gruffydd of Gwynedd.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 67 M    i. Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog 36 was born about 1121 and died about 1191 about age 70.

Madog next married Susanna ferch Gryffydd ap Cynan, daughter of Gruffydd ap Cynan, Prince of North Wales (Gwynedd) and Unknown,.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-26 (Iorwerth Drwyndwn) - "Note error in Dict. of Welsh Biog.which shows Susanna as dau. of Owen Gryffydd. Correct father shown in CNB, etc."

Sister of Owain I Gwynedd, by a different mother (half sister)


The child from this marriage was:

+ 68 F    i. Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd .

52. Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn (Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV (London, 1884), p. 341

Rhirid married someone.

His child was:

+ 69 M    i. Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn .

53. Gwenllian verch Gruffudd ap Cynan, of North Wales (Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl44, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died before 1150. Another name for Gwenllian was Gwenlian verch Gruffudd.

Research Notes: From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 121:

"The Norman hold upon Deheubarth was especially fragile. There, Gruffud ap Rhys ap Tewdwr and his wife Gwenllian were killed in an attack upon the invaders, but by about 1150 their sons had succeeded in seizing almost the whole of Ystrad Tywi and much of Dyfed."

Gwenllian married Gruffudd ap Rhys ap Tewdwr, Prince of South Wales, son of Rhys ap Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales and Gwladus verch Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn, of Powys,. Gruffudd died before 1150. Another name for Gruffudd was Gruffudd ap Rhys ap Tewdwr.

Research Notes: Source: Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912, p. 281, gives his title as Prince of South Wales.


Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, pp. 80-81

Head of the house of Dinefwr

From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 103:

"A few months after the death of Rhys [in 1093], the forces of Roger, earl of Shrewsbury, surged from Powys into Ceredigion; they built a castle on the estuary of the river Teifi (Aberteifi--Cardigan) and they continued their way towards the fertile lands of southern Dyfed. There, Roger's son Arnulf seized the cantref of Penfro, where he built Pembroke Castle, one of the greatest of the strongholds of the Normans in Wales. Hywel, Rhys's youngest son, was imprivoned by Arnulf, and Gruffudd, the eldest was taken to Ireland for refuge"

Ibid, p. 121:

"The Norman hold upon Deheubarth was especially fragile. There, Gruffud ap Rhys ap Tewdwr and his wife Gwenllian were killed in an attack upon the invaders, but by about 1150 their sons had succeeded in seizing almost the whole of Ystrad Tywi and much of Dyfed."

(Duplicate Line. See Person 48)

54. Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd ap Cynan (Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl44, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 362.

Cadwaladr married someone.

His child was:

+ 70 M    i. Richard ap Cadwaladr .

Cadwaladr married Alice de Clare,47 daughter of Richard FitzGilbert de Clare, 1st Earl of Hertford and Adelize de Gernon,. Alice was born about 1102 in <Tunbridge, Kent>, England and died after 1148 in England. Other names for Alice were Adeliza de Clare de Tunbridge and Alice de Tunbridge.

55. Owain I Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales 37 (Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl44, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1100, died on 28 Nov 1170 about age 70, and was buried in Bangor Cathedral, Bangor, Wales. Other names for Owain were Owain ap Gruffudd and Owain Gwynedd ap Gruffydd ap Rhys Prince of North Wales.

Research Notes: Second of Gruffudd ap Cynan's three sons.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-25 (Gladys) and 239-6, which states "(Arthur Jones, The History of Gruffydd ap Cynan (Manchester, 1910), a translation and analysis of a twelfth century biography of griffith, is the source for this pedigree, with details verified and amplified from the Irish Annals, especially the Annals of Innisfallen, of Ulster, and of the Four Masters)."

--------
From A History of Wales, p. 121:

"The Norman hold upon Deheubarth was especially fragile. There, Gruffudd ap Rhys ap Tewdwr and his wife Gwenllian were killed in an attack upon the invaders, but by about 1150 their sons had succeeded in seizing almost the whole of Ystrad Tywi and much of Dyfed. In 1153, they also took possession of Ceredigion where the power of the house of Clare had been extinguished in 1136 by the sons of Gruffudd ap Cynan. Owain ap Gruffudd--Owain Gwynedd, the ruler of Gwynedd from 1137 until his death in 1170--was the most promient of the sons of Gruffudd. He also took advantage of the 'Anarchy', largely at the expense of the earldom of Chester and the kingdom of Powys. When Henry II came to the throne, Rhuddlan, Ystrad Alun, Iâl and Tegeingl had fallen to Owain, and his realm extended almost to the walls of Chester. Although Poweys lost some of its northernmost commotes to Gwynedd, the 'Anarchy' gave its ruler the apportunity to capture the lordship of Oswestry. At the same time, the lordship of Usk became part of the territories of the descendants of Caradog ap Gruffudd, lords of Caerleon."
-----
From Wikipedia - Owain Gwynedd :

Owain Gwynedd (in English, "Owen") (c. 1100-November 28 , 1170 ), alternatively known by the patronymic "Owain ap Gruffydd". He is occasionally referred to as Owain I of Gwynedd, or Owain I of Wales on account of his claim to be King of Wales . He is considered to be the most successful of all the north Welsh princes prior to his grandson, Llywelyn the Great . He was known as Owain Gwynedd to distinguish him from another contemporary Owain ap Gruffydd, ruler of part of Powys who was known as Owain Cyfeiliog . Owain Gwynedd was a member of the House of Aberffraw , a descendant of the senior branch from Rhodri Mawr .


Owain's father, Gruffydd ap Cynan , was a strong and long-lived ruler who had made the principality of Gwynedd the most influential in Wales during the sixty-two years of his reign, using the island of Anglesey as his power base. His mother, Angharad ferch Owain , was the daughter of Owain ab Edwin . Owain was the second of three sons of Gruffydd and Angharad.

Owain is thought to have been born on Anglesey about the year 1100. By about 1120 Gruffydd had grown too old to lead his forces in battle and Owain and his brothers Cadwallon and later Cadwaladr led the forces of Gwynedd against the Normans and against other Welsh princes with great success. His elder brother Cadwallon was killed in a battle against the forces of Powys in 1132, leaving Owain as his father's heir. Owain and Cadwaladr, in alliance with Gruffydd ap Rhys of Deheubarth , won a major victory over the Normans at Crug Mawr near Cardigan in 1136 and annexed Ceredigion to their father's realm.


Owain had originally designated Rhun ab Owain Gwynedd as his successor. Rhun was Owain's favourite son, and his premature death in 1147 plunged his father into a deep melancholy, from which he was only roused by the news that his forces had captured Mold castle. Owain then designated Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd as his successor, but after his death Hywel was first driven to seek refuge in Ireland by Cristin's sons, Dafydd and Rhodri, then killed at the battle of Pentraeth when he returned with an Irish army. Dafydd and Rhodri split Gwynedd between them, but a generation passed before Gwynedd was restored to its former glory under Owain's grandson Llywelyn the Great .


Rhun ab Owain Gwynedd (illegitimate)
Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd (illegitimate)
Iorwerth ab Owain Gwynedd (from first wife Gwladys (Gladys) ferch Llywarch)
Maelgwn ab Owain Gwynedd , Lord of Ynys Môn
Gwenllian ferch Owain Gwynedd
Dafydd ab Owain Gwynedd (from second wife Cristina (Christina) ferch Gronw)
Rhodri ab Owain Gwynedd
Angharad ferch Owain Gwynedd
Margaret ferch Owain Gwynedd
Iefan ab Owain Gwynedd
Cynan ab Owain Gwynedd , Lord of Meirionnydd (illegitimate)
Rhirid ab Owain Gwynedd (illegitimate)
Madoc ab Owain Gwynedd (illegitimate)
Cynwrig ab Owain Gwynedd (illegitimate)
Gwenllian II ferch Owain Gwynedd (also shared the same name with a sister)
Einion ab Owain Gwynedd (illegitimate)
Iago ab Owain Gwynedd (illegitimate)
Ffilip ab Owain Gwynedd (illegitimate)
Cadell ab Owain Gwynedd (illegitimate)
Rotpert ab Owain Gwynedd (illegitimate)
Idwal ab Owain Gwynedd (illegitimate)
Other daughters

Owain married Gwladys verch Llywarch, daughter of Llywarch ap Trahaearn and Dyddgu, of Builth,. Another name for Gwladys was Gladys verch Llywarch ap Trahaearn.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-25


Children from this marriage were:

+ 71 M    i. Iorwerth Drwyndwn ap Owain Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales died about 1174.

+ 72 M    ii. Cynan ap Owain Gwynedd .

Owain next married Christina verch Gronw ap Owen ap Edwin, daughter of Gronw ap Owen ap Edwin and Unknown,.

Marriage Notes: Married outside the church, as Christina was Owain's cousin

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 239-6 (Owain I Gwynedd). Christina was Owain's cousin, "dau. Gronw ap Owen ap Edwin. (Arthur Jones, The History of Gruffydd ap Cynan (Manchester, 1910), a translation and analysis of a twelfth century ciography of Griffith, is the source for this perdigree, with details verified and amplified from the Irish Annals, especially the Annals of Innisfallen, of Ulster, and of the Four Masters)."

56. Susanna verch Gruffudd ap Cynan 38 (Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl44, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1095. Another name for Susanna was Susanna verch Gruffydd of Gwynedd.

Susanna married Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys,36 son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn and Unknown,. Madog was born about 1091 and died in 1160 about age 69. Another name for Madog was Madoc ap Maredudd Ruler of Powys.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-26 (Iorwerth Drwyndwn).

Source also: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

House of Mathrafal.

Source at http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6394 skips a generation (does not have Maredudd ap Bleddyn).

(Duplicate Line. See Person 51)

57. Susanna ferch Gryffydd ap Cynan (Gruffydd ap, Prince of North Wales (Gwynedd)45, Cynan ap, Prince of North Wales32, Iago ap, King of Gwynedd25, Idwal ap20, Meurig ap13, Idwal Foel ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys8, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-26 (Iorwerth Drwyndwn) - "Note error in Dict. of Welsh Biog.which shows Susanna as dau. of Owen Gryffydd. Correct father shown in CNB, etc."

Sister of Owain I Gwynedd, by a different mother (half sister)

Susanna married Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys,36 son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn and Unknown,. Madog was born about 1091 and died in 1160 about age 69. Another name for Madog was Madoc ap Maredudd Ruler of Powys.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-26 (Iorwerth Drwyndwn).

Source also: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

House of Mathrafal.

Source at http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6394 skips a generation (does not have Maredudd ap Bleddyn).

(Duplicate Line. See Person 51)

58. Sibyl de Neufmarché 40 (Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1096 in <Aberconwy, Wales> and died after 1143 in Gloucestershire, England. Another name for Sibyl was Sybil de Neufmarche.

Sibyl married Miles de Pitres, of Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford,48 son of Walter FitzRoger, of Gloucester and Bertha, in 1121. Miles was born about 1100 in <Gloucester, Gloucestershire, > England, died on 24 Dec 1143 about age 43, and was buried in Llanthony Priory, Monmouthshire, Wales. Other names for Miles were Miles de Gloucester 1st Earl of Hereford and Milo de Gloucester 1st Earl of Hereford.

Birth Notes: FamilySearch has b. abt 1092

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Miles de Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford :

Miles de Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford, Lord of Brecknock (1100-24 December 1143 ), was the son of Walter de Gloucester , who appears as sheriff of that county between 1104 and 1121.
Milo or Miles succeeded his father about the latter year.
He was high in the service of Henry I between 1130 and 1135, he was Constable of England and combined the hereditary office of Sheriff of Gloucester with that of local justiciar for Gloucestershire .

Civil war allegiances
After the death of King Henry he declared for Stephen , at whose court he appears as constable in 1136. King Stephen granted him the honour of Gloucester and Brecknock . However, in 1139, when the empress Matilda appeared in England, he declared for her, and placed the city of Gloucester at her disposal; he was further distinguished by sacking the nearby royalist city of Worcester , attacking Stephen's siege works at Wallingford Castle and reducing the county of Hereford . He was retained as her Constable.

Earldom
In 1141, he was rewarded with the earldom of Hereford when Matilda ruled the country. He remained loyal to the Empress after her defeat at Winchester the same year. John of Salisbury classes him with Geoffrey de Mandeville and others who were non tam comites regni quam hostes publici. The charge is justified by his public policy; but the materials for appraising his personal character do not exist.

Family and children
He married Sybil de Neufmarche , daughter of Bernard de Neufmarche , Lord of Brecon and Nest, granddaughter of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn , in 1121. Their children were:
Bertha of Hereford , married William de Braose before 1150, by whom she had issue.
Roger Fitzmiles, 2nd Earl of Hereford .
Walter de Hereford died after 1159 in the Holy Land. He was Sheriff of Gloucester in 1155-1157 and Sheriff of Hereford in 1155-1159.
Henry Fitzmiles Henry of Hereford, died 12 April 1165. He succeeded to the title of Baron Abergavenny in 1141/42.
William de Hereford . He died before 1160 without issue.
Mahel de Hereford , died October 1165 at Bronllys Castle , Breconshire , Wales, mortally hurt when a stone dropped from the tower during a fire; died without issue. Buried at Llanthony Priory .
Margaret de Gloucester , married Humphrey de Bohun , by whom she had issue.
Lucy of Gloucester , married Herbert FitzHerbert of Winchester , Lord Chamberlain , by whom she had issue. Buried at Llanthony Priory .

Noted events in his life were:

• Lord High Constable of England: 1130-1135.

• Lord of Brecknock:

• Created: Earl of Hereford, 1141.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 73 F    i. Margaret, of Hereford 49 died in 1146.

+ 74 F    ii. Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford 50 was born about 1130 in <Gloucester, Gloucestershire, > England.

+ 75 M    iii. Richard FitzMiles, 2nd Earl of Hereford .51

+ 76 M    iv. Walter de Hereford died after 1159 in Palestine.

+ 77 M    v. Henry FitzMiles died on 12 Apr 1165.

+ 78 M    vi. William, de Hereford 51 died before 1160.

+ 79 M    vii. Mahel, de Hereford 51 died in Oct 1165 in Bronllys Castle, Breconshire, Wales and was buried in Llanthony Priory, Monmouthshire, Wales.

+ 80 F    viii. Maud, of Hereford .52

+ 81 F    ix. Lucy, of Hereford 53 died after 1220 and was buried in Chapter House of Lanthony, near Gloucester.

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59. Iorwerth Vychan ap Ieuaf, of Llwynon, co. Denbig (Ieuaf ap Ninniau47, Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Denbighshire, Wales. Another name for Iorwerth was Iorwerth ap Ieuaf of Llwynonn.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg57.htm#1150

Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656

Iorwerth married Mali, daughter of Baron of Kymmer-yn-Edeirnion and Unknown,.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656:
"Mali, widow of David ap Rhys, v. Baron of Kymmer-yn-Edeirnion, co. Merioneth, ancestor of the Hughes's of Gwerclas, Barons of Kymmer-yn-Edeirnion and 3rd dau. of Ievan, living 6 HEN. VI., son of Einion ap Griffith, of Cos-y-Gedol, co. Merioneth (See WYNNE OF PENIARTH.)"


Children from this marriage were:

+ 82 M    i. Hwfa ap Iorwerth, of Hafod-y-Wern was born in Maelor, Gymraeg, Denbighshire, Wales.

+ 83 M    ii. Griffith ap Iorwerth, of Llwynon .

+ 84 M    iii. Iorwerth Vychan ap Iorwerth .

60. Einion ap Ieuaf (Ieuaf ap Ninniau47, Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656



61. Rhys ap Gruffudd ap Rhys Tewdwr, Justice of South Wales (Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1). Another name for Rhys was The Lord Rhys.

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 80.

From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 121:

"The Norman hold upon Deheubarth was especially fragile. There, Gruffudd ap Rhys ap Tewdwr and his wife Gwenllian were killed in an attack upon the invaders, but by about 1150 their sons had succeeded in seizing almost the whole of Ystrad Tywi and much of Dyfed. In 1153, they also took possession of Ceredigion where the power of the house of Clare had been extinguished in 1136 by the sons of Gruffudd ap Cynan. Owain ap Gruffudd--Owain Gwynedd, the ruler of Gwynedd from 1137 until his death in 1170--was the most promient of the sons of Gruffudd.""

Rhys married someone.

His children were:

+ 85 M    i. Gruffudd ap Rhys ap Gruffudd, Prince of Deheubarth died in 1201.

+ 86 M    ii. Maelgwn ap Rhys .

+ 87 M    iii. Rhys Gwyg ap Rhys, Lord of Yestradtywy .

Rhys next married someone.

62. Gwenllian verch Griffith ap Rhys 38 (Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes:

This is most likely incorrect (see Davis, A History of Wales, p. 137).
Source: S Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I, London, 1847, p. 736 has:
"Ednyfed Vychan m. 2ndly, Gwenllian, dau. of Rhys ap Griuffith, Lord of South Wales, Representative of the Soverign Pricese of South Wales,... by whom he had issue, I. Grono ap Ednyfed Vychan, Lord of Tref-Gastell, in Anglesea...II.Griffith ap Ednyfed Vychan, of Henglawdd..."

Gwenllian married Ednyfed Fychan ap Cynwrig, Lord of Brynffenigl and Krigeth.54 Ednyfed was born about 1170 and died in 1246 about age 76. Another name for Ednyfed was Ednyfed Vychan ap Kendrig Lord of Brynffenigl and Krigeth.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I, London, 1847, p. 736 has:
"EDNYFED VYCHAN AP KENDRIG, Lord of Brynffenigl, in Denbighland, and Krigeth in Eflnoydd, Chief Counsellor, Chief Justice, and General of Llewelyn ap Iorwerth, King of North Wales, was one of the most prominent historical characters of the period. Commanding in the wars between Llewelyn, Prince of North Wales, and JOHN, King of England, he attacked the army of Ranuilph, Earl of Chester, and achieving a signal victory, illed three chief captains and commanders of the enemy, whose heads he laid at the feet of his sovereign. For this exploit he had conferred on him new armorial ensigns emblematic of the occasion, which continue to be borne by the LLOYDS OF PLYMOG, and other families derived from him, viz., "Gu., between three Englishmen's Heads, in profile, couped at the neck, ppr., bearded and crined, sa., a cheveron, ermine." An elegy to this powerful Noble, by Elidyr Sais, who lived 1160-1220, is published in the Mivyrian Archaeology, (London, 8vo, 1801, vol. i, p. 346.) He m. twice, 1st, Tangwystyl, dau. of Llowarch ap Bran, Lord of Menon, in Anglesey, Founder of the II. Noble Tribe of North Wales and Powys, contemporary with Owen Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales, and by her had issue, 1. Tudor, (Sir,) ap Ednyfed Vychan, of Nant and Llangynhafal, one of the commissioners for the conclusion of peace between EDWARD I., King of England, and LLEWELYN AP IORWERTH, King of North Wales. He m. Adlais, dau. of Richard, son of Cadwallader, second son of GRIFFITH ap Cynan, King of North Wales, and was father of HEILIN AP SIR TUDOR, Knt.,.who m. Agnes, dau of Bloddyn, Lord of Dinmael, in Denbighland, living 25 May, 2 HENRY III., 1218, third son of Owain Brogyntyn, Lord of Edeirnion... By this lady Heilin had issue, 1. GRIFFITH AP HEILIN; 2. Grono ap Heilin... 3.Angharad... Ednyfed Vychan m. 2ndly, Gwenllian, dau. of Rhys ap Griuffith, Lord of South Wales, Representative of the Soverign Pricese of South Wales,... by whom he had issue, I. Grono ap Ednyfed Vychan, Lord of Tref-Gastell, in Anglesea...II.Griffith ap Ednyfed Vychan, of Henglawdd..."

----
From Wikipedia - Penrhyn Castle:
"Penrhyn Castle is a country house in Llandegai , Bangor , Gwynedd , North Wales , in the form of a Norman castle . It was originally a medieval fortified manor house , founded by Ednyfed Fychan . In 1438, Ioan ap Gruffudd was granted a licence to crenellate and he founded the stone castle and added a tower house. Samuel Wyatt reconstructed the property in the 1780s."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 88 M    i. Goronwy ap Ednyfed Vychan, Lord of Tref-Gastell in Anglesea 55 was born about 1205 and died on 17 Oct 1268 about age 63.

+ 89 M    ii. Griffith ap Ednyfed Vychan, of Henglawdd

63. Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales 43 (Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1100 in <Windsor, England> and died on 1 Sep 1176 in <Wexford, England> about age 76.

Research Notes: Brother of David FitzGerald, Bishop of St. David's.

From Wikipedia - Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan :

Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan [1] (c1100 - 1 September 1176 ) was a major figure in the Norman conquest of Ireland .

He was the son of Gerald de Windsor , Constable of Pembroke Castle . His mother was Nest , a Welsh princess and former mistress of Henry I . He fought under Robert FitzMartin at the Battle of Crug Mawr in 1136 . The exiled High King of Ireland , Dermot MacMurrough (Irish Diarmait Mac Murchada) sought his assistance to regain his position.

Family
The original Earldom of Desmond was based on land holdings in Munster belonging to his descendents. His son Sir Gerald FitzMaurice (c1152 -c1203 ) married the daughter of Robert de Birmingham . Their son was Sir Maurice FitzGerald , Justiciar of Ireland , Lord of Offaly , (1190 - 1257 , died at Youghal . His son was Sir Maurice FitzMaurice Fitz Gerald , Justiciar of Ireland , Lord of Offaly , (c1239 , Wexford - 1286 , Ross ,Ireland )

Noted events in his life were:

• Steward: of St. David's.

• Landed: in Wexford, 1 Sep 1176.

Maurice married Alice de Montgomery,56 daughter of Arnulph de Montgomery and Lafracoth O'Brien,.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 90 M    i. Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly 57 was born about 1150 and died before 15 Jan 1204.

64. William FitzGerald 44 (Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1173.

65. David FitzGerald, Bishop of St. David's 45 (Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died about 1176.

66. Angharad de Windsor 46 (Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Married William de Barry.

67. Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog 36 (Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1121 and died about 1191 about age 70. Another name for Gruffudd was Gruffudd Maelor II ap Madog ap Maredudd.

Research Notes: Confirm that this is Gruffudd Maelor I, not some other Gruffudd

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

Gruffudd married Angharad verch Owain Gwynedd.58

The child from this marriage was:

+ 91 M    i. Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog 58 was born about 1191 and died in 1236 about age 45.

Gruffudd next married someone.

68. Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd (Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1). Another name for Marared was Margaret verch Maredudd.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-26 (Iorwerth Drwyndwn)

Source also: Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great

She was the sister of Gruffudd ap Madog ap Maredudd. Because her mother was a half-sister of Owain Gwynedd, her husband's father, she is a half first-cousin of her husband.

Marared married Iorwerth Drwyndwn ap Owain Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales, son of Owain I Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales and Gwladys verch Llywarch,. Iorwerth died about 1174. Other names for Iorwerth were Iorwerth ap Owain Gwynedd Prince of North Wales and Iorwerth ap Owen Gwynedd Prince of North Wales.

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.80
and
Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great
and
Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-26.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 92 M    i. Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd was born about 1173 in <Dolwyddelan>, Wales, died on 11 Apr 1240 in Cistercian Abbey of Aberconwy, Wales about age 67, and was buried in Llanrwst Parish Church, Wales.

69. Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn (Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV (London, 1884), p. 341

"The relationship between Wales and Ireland was an ambiguous one. There was much fruitful contact in the 'Age of Saints' but the Mabinogi does not offer a portrait of two countries in close Celtic embrace. In 1110, Madog ap Rhirid of Powys was glad to return to Wales because he 'could not bear the godless morals of the Irish'..."

Madog married someone.

His child was:

+ 93 M    i. Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid .

70. Richard ap Cadwaladr (Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd ap Cynan54, Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl44, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Grandson of Gruffydd ap Cynan

Source: Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 362.

Richard married someone.

His child was:

+ 94 F    i. Adlais verch Richard ap Cadwaladr .59

71. Iorwerth Drwyndwn ap Owain Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales (Owain I Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales55, Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl44, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died about 1174. Other names for Iorwerth were Iorwerth ap Owain Gwynedd Prince of North Wales and Iorwerth ap Owen Gwynedd Prince of North Wales.

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.80
and
Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great
and
Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-26.

Iorwerth married Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd, daughter of Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys and Susanna ferch Gryffydd ap Cynan,. Another name for Marared was Margaret verch Maredudd.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-26 (Iorwerth Drwyndwn)

Source also: Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great

She was the sister of Gruffudd ap Madog ap Maredudd. Because her mother was a half-sister of Owain Gwynedd, her husband's father, she is a half first-cousin of her husband.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 68)

72. Cynan ap Owain Gwynedd (Owain I Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales55, Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl44, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.80

Cynan married someone.

His child was:

+ 95 M    i. Maredudd ap Cynan

73. Margaret, of Hereford 49 (Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1146. Other names for Margaret were Margaret de Gloucester and Margery of Hereford.

Margaret married Humphrey III de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford,60 son of Humphrey II "the Great" de Bohun, Lord of Bohun and Maud d'Evreux,. Humphrey was born about 1057 and died about 1129 about age 72. Another name for Humphrey was Humphrey "the Magnificent" de Bohun Lord of Bohun.

Research Notes: From Magna Charta Barons, p. 80:

"Humphrey de Bohun, eldest son and heir, who was steward and sewer to King Henry I. At the instigation of his father-in-law he espoused the cause of the Empress Maud and her son against King Stephen, and so faithfully maintained his allegiance that the Emress, by her especial charter, granted him the office of steward and sewer, in both Normandy and England. In 20 Henry II. he accompanied Richard de Lacie, Justiciary of England, into Scotland, with an army, to waste the country; and was one of the witnesses to the accord made by William of Scotland and Henry of England, as to the subjection of Scotland to the crown of England.

"This feudal Baron m. Margery, daughter and coheiress of Milo de Gloucester, first Earl of Hereford, lord high constable of England, whose charter was the earliest of express creation, the patent being dated in 1140, and, dying April 6, 1187, had issue: Humphrey de Bohun [IV]."

Noted events in his life were:

• Steward and sewer: to King Henry I.

• Steward and sewer: to Empress Maud.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 96 M    i. Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford 61 died about 1182.

74. Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford 50 (Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1130 in <Gloucester, Gloucestershire, > England. Other names for Bertha were Bertha de Pitres and Bertha de Gloucester.

Bertha married William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber,62 son of Philip de Braose, 2nd Lord of Bramber, Sussex and Aenor de Totenais, about 1150. William was born about 1100 in Brecon, Breconshire, (Powys), Wales and died about 1193 in England about age 93. Another name for William was William de Braose of Brecknock, Abergavenney and Gower.

Birth Notes: May have been born about 1112

Research Notes: Eldest son fo Philip de Braose.

From Wikipedia - William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber :

William de Braose, Third Lord of Bramber (born 1112 in Brecon ) (d. ca. 1192) was the eldest son of Philip de Braose , Second Lord of Bramber.

Family and early career
William was born into a second generation English Norman dynasty holding Lordships and land in Sussex at Bramber , also at Totnes in Devon and Radnor and Builth in the Welsh Marches of Wales . He maintained his Sussex lands and titles, extended St Mary de Haura Church in Shoreham and contributed to a priory at Sele, West Sussex . His mother was Aenor Fitz Judhel of Totnes.
He also inherited one half of the honour of Barnstaple in Devon , paying a fee of 1000 marks for the privilege.

William married Bertha de Pitres , also known as Bertha de Hereford , daughter of Miles of Gloucester , Earl of Hereford . Through this marriage, William acquired lordships of Brecon and Abergavenny in 1166 because Bertha's four brothers all died young without heirs.
These vast land holdings greatly expanded the territorial power and income of the de Braose dynasty. They now held the Middle March with extensive interests in Sussex and Devon.
William's younger brother Phillip accompanied King Henry II to Ireland , receiving in 1172 the honour of Limerick .

Marcher titles
In 1174, William became sheriff of Hereford . He died in about 1192 and was succeeded as Lord of Bramber by his son, William . He had also fathered two daughters, Maud and Sibilla, who married well and possibly a later son, named John.

Noted events in his life were:

• 1st Baron of Gwentland:

• Acquired: lordships of Brecon and Abergavenny, 1166. upon the death of his wife's fourth and last brother. (Her brothers all died without heirs.)

• Sheriff of Hereford: 1174.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 97 F    i. Bertha de Braose 14 was born about 1151 in Bramber, Sussex, England.

+ 98 F    ii. Sibyl de Braose 63 was born about 1157 in Bramber, Sussex, England and died after 5 Feb 1228 in England.

+ 99 M    iii. William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose 64 was born about 1175 in <Bramber, Sussex>, England, died on 9 Aug 1211 in Corbeil near Paris, Marne, France about age 36, and was buried on 10 Aug 1211 in France.

+ 100 F    iv. Avelina Agnes de Braose 65 was born in 1145.

75. Richard FitzMiles, 2nd Earl of Hereford 51 (Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

76. Walter de Hereford (Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died after 1159 in Palestine.

Noted events in his life were:

• Sheriff of Gloucester: 1155-1157.

• Sheriff of Hereford: 1155-1159.

77. Henry FitzMiles (Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died on 12 Apr 1165. Another name for Henry was Henry of Hereford.

78. William, de Hereford 51 (Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died before 1160.

79. Mahel, de Hereford 51 (Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in Oct 1165 in Bronllys Castle, Breconshire, Wales and was buried in Llanthony Priory, Monmouthshire, Wales.

80. Maud, of Hereford 52 (Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

81. Lucy, of Hereford 53 (Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died after 1220 and was buried in Chapter House of Lanthony, near Gloucester. Another name for Lucy was Lucy of Gloucester.

Research Notes: Heir to a 1/3 interest in the barony of her father.

Noted events in her life were:

• Living: 1220.

• Lady of Blaen Llyfni and Bwlch y Dinas:

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82. Hwfa ap Iorwerth, of Hafod-y-Wern (Iorwerth Vychan ap Ieuaf, of Llwynon, co. Denbig59, Ieuaf ap Ninniau47, Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Maelor, Gymraeg, Denbighshire, Wales.

Research Notes: Youngest son of Iorwerth ap Ieuaf of Llwynonn.

Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg57.htm#1149

Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656

From History of the Town of Wrexham, Its Houses, Streets, Fields, and Old Families by Alfred Neobard Palmer (Wrexham, 1893), p. 137:
"The Hafod y wern estate, lying between what I take to be the old Common Pasture of Wrexham and the lord's demesne of Glyn Park, suggests the probability of its having been carved out of one or the other, and granted by the lord of the commote to the first holder of it for services rendered. Indeed the very name of the house shows that it must have been built on land more or less waste, 'Hafod y wern' meaning 'Summer Shieling of the alder marsh,' and 'hafodau' or 'summer shielings' being merely temporary dwellings, erected for the convenience of those who tended the sheep and cattle at their summer pastures. However, this may have been Hafod y wern was in 1620, and long before, the principal free estate in the manor. The first holder of it who actually lived there, appears to have been Hwfa ap Iorwerth, youngest son of Iorwerth ap Ieuaf of Llwynonn."

Hwfa married Margaret verch Llewelyn ap Ynyr O'Ial.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656


Children from this marriage were:

+ 101 M    i. Gronwy ap Hwfa, of Hafod-y-Wern was born in Hafod-y-Wern, (Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales.

+ 102 M    ii. Madog ap Hwfa .

83. Griffith ap Iorwerth, of Llwynon (Iorwerth Vychan ap Ieuaf, of Llwynon, co. Denbig59, Ieuaf ap Ninniau47, Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656

84. Iorwerth Vychan ap Iorwerth (Iorwerth Vychan ap Ieuaf, of Llwynon, co. Denbig59, Ieuaf ap Ninniau47, Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656

85. Gruffudd ap Rhys ap Gruffudd, Prince of Deheubarth (Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1201.

Research Notes: Eldest son of Rhys ap Gruffudd, descendant of Ifor Bach.

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 130

Gruffudd married someone.

His children were:

+ 103 M    i. Owain ap Gruffudd ap Rhys was born before 1202.

+ 104 M    ii. Rhys Ieuanc ap Gruffudd ap Rhys .

86. Maelgwn ap Rhys (Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: From: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, pp. 130-131:
"In Deheubarth [about 1194], Rhys ap Gruffudd was troubled by the waywardness of his sons, and the agreement between Rhys and the king of England came to an end when Henry II was succeeded by his son, Richard I, in 1189. Rhys died in 1197. His heir was his eldest son, Gruffudd, whom Chronica de Wallia referred to in 1200 as prince, the last of the rulers of Deheubarth to be given that title. Gruffudd was challenged by his brothers, Maelgwn and Rhys Gryg in particular, and following his death in 1201 the authority of his son, Rhys Ieuanc, was restricted to Cantref Mawr, the region between the rivers Tywi and Teifi. In the struggles in Deheubarth, Maelgwn received the support of John who became king of England on the death of his brother, Richard, in 1199. John had direct interests in Wals, for, through his marriage with the heiress of Glamorgan, he was lord of the greatest of the Marcher Lordships. In 1199, John bestowed Ceredigion and Emlyn on Maelgwn through royal grant.."

Maelgwn married someone.

His child was:

+ 105 M    i. Maelgwn Fychan ap Maelgwn ap Rhys, Lord of Cardigan Is Ayron died in 1257.

87. Rhys Gwyg ap Rhys, Lord of Yestradtywy (Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1). Another name for Rhys was Rhys-Gryd Lord of Yestradtywy.

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007

Source: Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912. From that book, p. 281:
"RHY-GRYD, feudal lord of Yestradywy. He m. Lady Joan, daughter of Richard de Clare*, fourth Earl of Hertford, &c., one of the celebrated twenty-five Sureties for the Magna Charta, 1215,..."

From: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, pp. 130-131:
"In Deheubarth [about 1194], Rhys ap Gruffudd was troubled by the waywardness of his sons, and the agreement between Rhys and the king of England came to an end when Henry II was succeeded by his son, Richard I, in 1189. Rhys died in 1197. His heir was his eldest son, Gruffudd, whom Chronica de Wallia referred to in 1200 as prince, the last of the rulers of Deheubarth to be given that title. Gruffudd was challenged by his brothers, Maelgwn and Rhys Gryg in particular, and following his death in 1201 the authority of his son, Rhys Ieuanc, was restricted to Cantref Mawr, the region between the rivers Tywi and Teifi. In the struggles in Deheubarth, Maelgwn received the support of John who became king of England on the death of his brother, Richard, in 1199. John had direct interests in Wals, for, through his marriage with the heiress of Glamorgan, he was lord of the greatest of the Marcher Lordships. In 1199, John bestowed Ceredigion and Emlyn on Maelgwn through royal grant.."

Rhys married Joan de Clare,66 daughter of Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Clare and Amice FitzWilliam, Countess of Gloucester,. Joan was born in 1184 in Hertford, Hertfordshire, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 106 M    i. Rhys-Mechyllt, of Llandovery Castle .

88. Goronwy ap Ednyfed Vychan, Lord of Tref-Gastell in Anglesea 55 (Gwenllian verch Griffith ap Rhys62, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1205 and died on 17 Oct 1268 about age 63. Other names for Goronwy were Goronwy ab Ednyfed Fychan, Grono ap Ednyfed Vychan Lord of Tref-Gastell and in Anglesea.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I, London, 1847, p. 737 has "Grono ap Ednyfed Vychan, Lord of Tref-Gastell, in Anglesea, Chief Counsellor of Llewelyn ap Griffith, Prince of North Wales, who m. Morfydd, dau of Meuric ap Ithel, Lord of Gwent, and had, with junior issue, Tudor ap Grono, of Penmynedd, who built the Priory of Bangor, and did homage for his lands to EDWARD I. at Chester. By Angharad, his wife, dau. of Itel Vychan, of Englefield, in Flint, he left at his decease, in 1311, an only son, Grono ap Tudor, Captain of twenty archers in Aquitaine, 43 EDWARD III..."

Goronwy married someone.

His child was:

+ 107 M    i. Tudur Hen ap Goronwy 67 died in 1311.

89. Griffith ap Ednyfed Vychan, of Henglawdd (Gwenllian verch Griffith ap Rhys62, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1)

90. Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly 57 (Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1150 and died before 15 Jan 1204.

Research Notes: First husband of Eve de Bermingham.

Noted events in his life were:

• Fought: in the siege of Dublin, 1171.

Gerald married Eve de Bermingham,68 daughter of Robert de Bermingham and Unknown, about 1193. Eve died before Dec 1226.

Research Notes: Caughter and heiress of Robert de Bermingham. She brough Offaly to Gerald FitzMaurice and his heirs.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 108 M    i. Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly 69 was born in 1190 and died in 1257 in Youghal, Cork, Ireland at age 67.

91. Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog 58 (Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1191 and died in 1236 about age 45.

Research Notes: Confirm that his father was Gruffudd Maelor I. See History of Wales p. 124, 161

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. II (London, 1882), p. 174

Source at http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6400 shows Isota as the mother of Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc. It also has Angharad verch Owain Gwynedd as the mother of Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I.

Madog married Isota.70

Children from this marriage were:

+ 109 M    i. Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I 71 was born about 1198 and died on 7 Dec 1269 about age 71.

+ 110 M    ii. Maredydd ap Madog, of Rhiwabon .


92. Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd (Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1173 in <Dolwyddelan>, Wales, died on 11 Apr 1240 in Cistercian Abbey of Aberconwy, Wales about age 67, and was buried in Llanrwst Parish Church, Wales. Other names for Llywelyn were Llewellyn the Great Prince of Gwynedd, Llywelyn Fawr Prince of Gwynedd, Llywelyn I of Wales, and Llywelyn ap Iorwerth.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 176B-27. "He had a number of mistresses, one of whom, Tangwystl, was the mother of [28. Gladys Dhu.]"

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.80

From Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great :

Llywelyn the Great (Welsh Llywelyn Fawr...), full name Llywelyn ab Iorwerth, (c. 1173 - April 11 , 1240 ) was a Prince of Gwynedd in North Wales and eventually de facto ruler over most of Wales. He is occasionally called Llywelyn I of Wales.[1] By a combination of war and diplomacy he dominated Wales for forty years, and was one of only two Welsh rulers to be called 'the Great'. Llywelyn's main home and court throughout his reign was at Garth Celyn on the north coast of Gwynedd, between Bangor and Conwy, overlooking the port of Llanfaes. Throughout the thirteenth century, up to the Edwardian conquest, Garth Celyn, Aber Garth Celyn , was in effect the capital of Wales. (Garth Celyn is now known as Pen y Bryn , Bryn Llywelyn, Abergwyngregyn and parts of the medieval buildings still remain).

During Llywelyn's boyhood Gwynedd was ruled by two of his uncles, who had agreed to split the kingdom between them following the death of Llywelyn's grandfather, Owain Gwynedd , in 1170. Llywelyn had a strong claim to be the legitimate ruler and began a campaign to win power at an early age. He was sole ruler of Gwynedd by 1200, and made a treaty with King John of England the same year. Llywelyn's relations with John remained good for the next ten years. He married John's illegitimate daughter Joan , also known as Joanna, in 1205, and when John arrested Gwenwynwyn ab Owain of Powys in 1208 Llywelyn took the opportunity to annex southern Powys. In 1210 relations deteriorated and John invaded Gwynedd in 1211. Llywelyn was forced to seek terms and to give up all his lands east of the River Conwy, but was able to recover these lands the following year in alliance with the other Welsh princes. He allied himself with the barons who forced John to sign Magna Carta in 1215. By 1216 he was the dominant power in Wales, holding a council at Aberdyfi that year to apportion lands to the other princes.

Following King John's death, Llywelyn concluded the Treaty of Worcester with his successor Henry III in 1218. During the next fifteen years Llywelyn was frequently involved in fighting with Marcher lords and sometimes with the king, but also made alliances with several of the major powers in the Marches. The Peace of Middle in 1234 marked the end of Llywelyn's military career as the agreed truce of two years was extended year by year for the remainder of his reign. He maintained his position in Wales until his death in 1240, and was succeeded by his son Dafydd ap Llywelyn .

Genealogy and early life
Llywelyn was born about 1173, the son of Iorwerth ap Owain and the grandson of Owain Gwynedd , who had been ruler of Gwynedd until his death in 1170. Llywelyn was a descendant of the senior line of Rhodri Mawr and therefore a member of the princely house of Aberffraw.[2] He was probably born at Dolwyddelan though he could not have been born in the present Dolwyddelan castle, which was built by Llywelyn himself. He may have been born in the old castle which occupied a rocky knoll on the valley floor.[3] Little is known about his father, Iorwerth Drwyndwn, who may have died when Llywelyn was an infant. There is no record of Iorwerth having taken part in the power struggle between some of Owain Gwynedd's other sons following Owain's death, although he was the eldest surviving son. There is a tradition that he was disabled or disfigured in some way that excluded him from power.[4]

By 1175 Gwynedd had been divided between two of Llywelyn's uncles. Dafydd ab Owain held the area east of the River Conwy and Rhodri ab Owain held the west. Dafydd and Rhodri were the sons of Owain by his second marriage to Cristin ferch Goronwy. This marriage was not considered valid by the church as Cristin was Owain's first cousin, a degree of relationship which according to Canon law prohibited marriage. Giraldus Cambrensis refers to Iorwerth Drwyndwn as the only legitimate son of Owain Gwynedd.[5] Following Iorwerth's death, Llywelyn was, at least in the eyes of the church, the legitimate claimant to the throne of Gwynedd.[6]
Llywelyn's mother was Marared, sometimes anglicized to Margaret, daughter of Madog ap Maredudd , prince of Powys . There is evidence that after Iorwerth's death Marared married into the Corbet family of Caux in Shropshire , and Llywelyn may have spent part of his boyhood there.[7]...

Marital problems 1230
Following his capture, William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny decided to ally himself to Llywelyn, and a marriage was arranged between his daughter Isabella and Llywelyn's heir, Dafydd ap Llywelyn. At Easter 1230 William visited Llywelyn's court Garth Celyn , Aber Garth Celyn now known as Pen y Bryn , Abergwyngregyn . During this visit he was found in Llywelyn's chamber together with Llywelyn's wife Joan. On 2 May , De Braose was hanged in the marshland under Garth Celyn , the place now remembered as Gwern y Grog, Hanging Marsh, a deliberately humiliating execution for a nobleman, and Joan was placed under house arrest for a year. The Brut y Tywysogion chronicler commented:

" ... that year William de Breos the Younger, lord of Brycheiniog, was hanged by the lord Llywelyn in Gwynedd, after he had been caught in Llywelyn's chamber with the king of England's daughter, Llywelyn's wife.[42] " A letter from Llywelyn to William's wife, Eva de Braose, written shortly after the execution enquires whether she still wishes the marriage between Dafydd and Isabella to take place.[43] The marriage did go ahead, and the following year Joan was forgiven and restored to her position as princess.

Until 1230 Llywelyn had used the title princeps Norwalliæ 'Prince of North Wales', but from that year he changed his title to 'Prince of Aberffraw and Lord of Snowdon', possibly to underline his supremacy over the other Welsh princes.[44] He did not formally style himself 'Prince of Wales ' although as J.E. Lloyd comments "he had much of the power which such a title might imply".[45]...

Arrangements for the succession
In his later years Llywelyn devoted much effort to ensuring that his only legitimate son Dafydd would follow him as ruler of Gwynedd. Dafydd's older but illegitimate brother, Gruffydd , was excluded from the succession. This was a departure from Welsh custom, not as is often stated because the kingdom was not divided between Dafydd and Gruffydd but because Gruffydd was excluded from consideration as a potential heir owing to his illegitimacy. This was contrary to Welsh law which stipulated that illegitimate sons had equal rights with legitimate sons, provided they had been acknowledged by the father.[50]

In 1220 Llywelyn induced the minority government of King Henry to acknowledge Dafydd as his heir.[51] In 1222 he petitioned Pope Honorius III to have Dafydd's succession confirmed. The original petition has not been preserved but the Pope's reply refers to the "destestable custom ... in his land whereby the son of the handmaiden was equally heir with the son of the free woman and illegitimate sons obtained an inheritance as if they were legitimate". The Pope welcomed the fact that Llywelyn was abolishing this custom.[52] In 1226 Llywelyn persuaded the Pope to declare his wife Joan, Dafydd's mother, to be a legitimate daughter of King John, again in order to strengthen Dafydd's position, and in 1229 the English crown accepted Dafydd's homage for the lands he would inherit from his father.[53] In 1238 Llywelyn held a council at Strata Florida Abbey where the other Welsh princes swore fealty to Dafydd.[54] Llywelyn's original intention had been that they should do homage to Dafydd, but the king wrote to the other rulers forbidding them to do homage.[55]

Gruffydd was given an appanage in Meirionnydd and Ardudwy but his rule was said to be oppressive, and in 1221 Llywelyn stripped him of these territories.[56] In 1228 Llywelyn imprisoned him, and he was not released until 1234. On his release he was given part of Ll to rule. His performance this time was apparently more satisfactory and by 1238 he had been given the remainder of Ll and a substantial part of Powys.[57]

Death and the transfer of power
Joan died in 1237 and Llywelyn appears to have suffered a paralytic stroke the same year.[58] From this time on, his heir Dafydd took an increasing part in the rule of the principality. Dafydd deprived his brother Gruffydd of the lands given him by Llywelyn, and later seized him and his eldest son Owain and held them in Criccieth Castle . In 1240 the chronicler of Brut y Tywysogion records:

" ... the lord Llywelyn ap Iorwerth son of Owain Gwynedd, Prince of Wales, a second Achilles , died having taken on the habit of religion at Aberconwy, and was buried honourably.[59] "

Llywelyn died at the Cistercian abbey of Aberconwy , which he had founded, and was buried there. This abbey was later moved to Maenan near Llanrwst , and Llywelyn's stone coffin can now be seen in Llanrwst parish church. Among the poets who lamented his passing was Einion Wan:

"True lord of the land - how strange that today
He rules not o'er Gwynedd;
Lord of nought but the piled up stones of his tomb,
Of the seven-foot grave in which he lies."[60]

Dafydd succeeded Llywelyn as prince of Gwynedd, but King Henry was not prepared to allow him to inherit his father's position in the remainder of Wales. Dafydd was forced to agree to a treaty greatly restricting his power and was also obliged to hand his brother Gruffydd over to the king, who now had the option of using him against Dafydd. Gruffydd was killed attempting to escape from the Tower of London in 1244. This left the field clear for Dafydd, but Dafydd himself died without an heir in 1246 and was eventually succeeded by his nephew, Gruffydd's son, Llywelyn the Last ...

Children
The identity of the mother of some of Llywelyn's children is uncertain. He was survived by nine children, two legitimate, one probably legitimate and six illegitimate. Elen ferch Llywelyn (c.1207-1253), his only certainly legitimate daughter, first married John de Scotia, Earl of Chester. This marriage was childless, and after John's death Elen married Sir Robert de Quincy , the brother of Roger de Quincy, Earl of Winchester . Llywelyn's only legitimate son, Dafydd ap Llywelyn (c.1208-1246), married Isabella de Braose, daughter of William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny , Lord of Abergavenny. William was the son of Reginald de Braose , who married another of Llywelyn's daughters. Dafydd and Isabella may have had one child together, Helen of Wales (1246-1295), but the marriage failed to produce a male heir.

Another daughter, Gwladus Ddu (c.1206-1251), was probably legitimate. Adam of Usk states that she was a legitimate daughter by Joan, although some sources claim that her mother was Llywelyn's mistress, Tangwystl Goch.[64] She first married Reginald de Braose of Brecon and Abergavenny, but had no children by him. After Reginald's death she married Ralph de Mortimer of Wigmore and had several sons.

The mother of most of Llywelyn's illegitimate children is known or assumed to have been Llywelyn's mistress, Tangwystl Goch (c.1168-1198). Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (c.1196-1244) was Llywelyn's eldest son and is known to be the son of Tangwystl. He married Senena, daughter of Caradoc ap Thomas of Anglesey . Their four sons included Llywelyn ap Gruffydd , who for a period occupied a position in Wales comparable to that of his grandfather, and Dafydd ap Gruffydd who ruled Gwynedd briefly after his brother's death. Llywelyn had another son, Tegwared ap Llywelyn, by a woman known only as Crysten.
Marared ferch Llywelyn (c.1198-after 1263) married John de Braose of Gower, a nephew of Reginald de Braose, and after his death married Walter Clifford of Bronllys and Clifford. Other illegitimate daughters were Gwenllian ferch Llywelyn, who married William de Lacey, and Angharad ferch Llywelyn, who married Maelgwn Fychan. Susanna ferch Llywelyn was sent to England as a hostage in 1228, but no further details are known...

References

[edit ] Primary sources
Hoare, R.C., ed. 1908. Giraldus Cambrensis: The Itinerary through Wales; Description of Wales. Translated by R.C. Hoare. Everyman's Library. ISBN 0-460-00272-4
Jones, T., ed. 1941. Brut y Tywysogion: Peniarth MS. 20. University of Wales Press.
Pryce, H., ed. 2005. The Acts of Welsh rulers 1120-1283. University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-7083-1897-5

[edit ] Secondary sources
Bartrum, P.C. 1966. Early Welsh Genealogical Tracts. University of Wales Press.
Carr, A. D. 1995. Medieval Wales. Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-54773-X
Davies, R. R. 1987. Conquest, Coexistence and Change: Wales 1063-1415 Clarendon Press, University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-19-821732-3
Lloyd, J. E. 1911. A History of Wales from the Earliest Times to the Edwardian Conquest. Longmans, Green & Co..
Lynch, F. 1995. Gwynedd (A Guide to Ancient and Historic Wales series). HMSO. ISBN 0-11-701574-1
Maund, K. 2006. The Welsh Kings: Warriors, Warlords and Princes. Tempus. ISBN 0-7524-2973-6
Moore, D. 2005. The Welsh wars of independence: c.410-c.1415. Tempus. ISBN 0-7524-3321-0
Powicke, M. 1953. The Thirteenth Century 1216-1307 (The Oxford History of England). Clarendon Press.
Stephenson, D. 1984. The Governance of Gwynedd. University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-7083-0850-3
Williams, G. A. 1964. "The Succession to Gwynedd, 1238-1247" Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies XX (1962-64) 393-413
Weis, Frederick Lewis. Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700, lines: 27-27, 29A-27, 29A-28, 132C-29, 176B-27, 177-7, 184A-9, 236-7, 246-30, 254-28, 254-29, 260-31



Llywelyn married Joan, Princess of Gwynedd,72 daughter of King John "Lackland", of England and Clemence, in 1205. Joan was born before 1200 and died between 30 Mar 1236 and Feb 1237. Other names for Joan were Joan Princess of North Wales, Joanna Lady of Wales, Siwan, and Joan Plantagenet Princess of Gwynedd.

Marriage Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 29A-27 has m. 1206. Wikipedia has m. 1205.

Research Notes: Natural daughter of John, king of England. John had another, legitimate, daughter named Joan, who was Queen Consort of Alexander II of Scotland.
-----
From Ancestral Roots, Line 29A-27:
"JOAN, (nat. dau. by unknown mistress [of John "Lackland"]), Princess of North Wales, b. well bef. 1200, d. 30 Mar. 1236 or Feb. 1237..."
-----------
Source - Wikipedia - John of England and Llywelyn the Great.

From Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great:

"During Llywelyn's boyhood Gwynedd was ruled by two of his uncles, who had agreed to split the kingdom between them following the death of Llywelyn's grandfather, Owain Gwynedd , in 1170. Llywelyn had a strong claim to be the legitimate ruler and began a campaign to win power at an early age. He was sole ruler of Gwynedd by 1200, and made a treaty with King John of England the same year. Llywelyn's relations with John remained good for the next ten years. He married John's illegitimate daughter Joan , also known as Joanna, in 1205, and when John arrested Gwenwynwyn ab Owain of Powys in 1208 Llywelyn took the opportunity to annex southern Powys. In 1210 relations deteriorated and John invaded Gwynedd in 1211. Llywelyn was forced to seek terms and to give up all his lands east of the River Conwy, but was able to recover these lands the following year in alliance with the other Welsh princes. He allied himself with the barons who forced John to sign Magna Carta in 1215. By 1216 he was the dominant power in Wales, holding a council at Aberdyfi that year to apportion lands to the other princes...

Children
The identity of the mother of some of Llywelyn's children is uncertain. He was survived by nine children, two legitimate, one probably legitimate and six illegitimate. Elen ferch Llywelyn (c.1207-1253), his only certainly legitimate daughter, first married John de Scotia, Earl of Chester. This marriage was childless, and after John's death Elen married Sir Robert de Quincy , the brother of Roger de Quincy, Earl of Winchester . Llywelyn's only legitimate son, Dafydd ap Llywelyn (c.1208-1246), married Isabella de Braose, daughter of William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny , Lord of Abergavenny. William was the son of Reginald de Braose , who married another of Llywelyn's daughters. Dafydd and Isabella may have had one child together, Helen of Wales (1246-1295), but the marriage failed to produce a male heir.

Another daughter, Gwladus Ddu (c.1206-1251), was probably legitimate. Adam of Usk states that she was a legitimate daughter by Joan, although some sources claim that her mother was Llywelyn's mistress, Tangwystl Goch.[64] She first married Reginald de Braose of Brecon and Abergavenny, but had no children by him. After Reginald's death she married Ralph de Mortimer of Wigmore and had several sons.

The mother of most of Llywelyn's illegitimate children is known or assumed to have been Llywelyn's mistress, Tangwystl Goch (c.1168-1198). Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (c.1196-1244) was Llywelyn's eldest son and is known to be the son of Tangwystl. He married Senena, daughter of Caradoc ap Thomas of Anglesey . Their four sons included Llywelyn ap Gruffydd , who for a period occupied a position in Wales comparable to that of his grandfather, and Dafydd ap Gruffydd who ruled Gwynedd briefly after his brother's death. Llywelyn had another son, Tegwared ap Llywelyn, by a woman known only as Crysten.

Marared ferch Llywelyn (c.1198-after 1263) married John de Braose of Gower, a nephew of Reginald de Braose, and after his death married Walter Clifford of Bronllys and Clifford. Other illegitimate daughters were Gwenllian ferch Llywelyn, who married William de Lacey, and Angharad ferch Llywelyn, who married Maelgwn Fychan. Susanna ferch Llywelyn was sent to England as a hostage in 1228, but no further details are known."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 111 F    i. Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn 73 was born about 1206 in Caernarvonshire, Wales and died in 1251 in Windsor, Berkshire, England about age 45.

+ 112 F    ii. Elen ferch Llywelyn Fawr 74 was born about 1207 and died in 1253 about age 46.

+ 113 M    iii. Dafydd ap Llywelyn was born about 1208 and died in 1246 about age 38.

Llywelyn had a relationship with Tangwystl verch Llywarch,75 daughter of Lowarch Goch ap Iorwerth, of Denbighshire and Unknown,. This couple did not marry. Tangwystl was born about 1168 in Rhos, Denbighshire, Wales. Other names for Tangwystl were Tangwystl Goch and Tangwistell verch Lowarch Goch.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great

Possibly the mother of Gwladys Ddu.

From Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, Issued by the Powys-Land Club for the Use of Its Members, London, 1880, p. 121:
"Tangwistell, dau. to Lowarch goch, a nobleman of Denbighshire, concubine to Llerwelyn. (Vert, a stag statant ar.)


Their children were:

+ 114 M    i. Gruffydd ap Llywelyn was born about 1196, died on 1 Mar 1244 about age 48, and was buried in Conway.

+ 115 F    ii. Marared ferch Llywelyn was born about 1198 and died after 1263.

+ 116 F    iii. Gwenllian ferch Llywelyn .

+ 117 F    iv. Susanna ferch Llywelyn .

+ 118 F    v. Angharad ferch Llywelyn Fawr .76

Llywelyn next had a relationship with Crysten. This couple did not marry.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great


Their child was:

+ 119 M    i. Tegwared ap Llywelyn

Llywelyn next married Gwenllian verch Ednyfed Vychan, daughter of Ednyfed Fychan ap Cynwrig, Lord of Brynffenigl and Krigeth and Tangwystyl verch Llywarch ap Bran,.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I, London, 1847, p. 737 has "Gwenllian, m. Llewelyn, the great Prince of North Wales."

93. Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid (Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV (London, 1884), p. 341

Gruffydd married someone.

His child was:

+ 120 M    i. Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire .

94. Adlais verch Richard ap Cadwaladr 59 (Richard ap Cadwaladr70, Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd ap Cynan54, Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl44, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1). Another name for Adlais was Alice verch Richard ap Cadwaladr.

Adlais married Sir Tudor ap Ednyfed Vychan, of Nant and Llangynhafal,77 son of Ednyfed Fychan ap Cynwrig, Lord of Brynffenigl and Krigeth and Tangwystyl verch Llywarch ap Bran,. Another name for Tudor was Tudur ap Ednyfed Vychan.

Research Notes: From A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland", p. 736:

"EDNYFED VYCHAN AP KENDRIG, Lord of Brynffenigl, in Denbighland, and Krigeth in Eflnoydd, Chief Counsellor, Chief Justice, and General of Llewelyn ap Iorwerth, King of North Wales, was one of the most prominent historical characters of the period... He m. twice, 1st, Tangwystyl, dau. of Llowarch ap Bran, Lord of Menon, in Anglesey, Founder of the II. Noble Tribe of North Wales and Powys, contemporary with Owen Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales, and by her had issue, 1. Tudor, (Sir,) ap Ednyfed Vychan, of Nant and Llangynhafal, one of the commissioners for the conclusion of peace between EDWARD I., King of England, and LLEWELYN AP IORWERTH, King of North Wales. He m. Adlais, dau. of Richard, son of Cadwallader, second son of GRIFFITH ap Cynan, King of North Wales, and was father of HEILIN AP SIR TUDOR, Knt.,.who m. Agnes, dau of Bloddyn, Lord of Dinmael, in Denbighland, living 25 May, 2 HENRY III., 1218, third son of Owain Brogyntyn, Lord of Edeirnion... By this lady Heilin had issue, 1. GRIFFITH AP HEAILIN; 2. Grono ap Heilin... 3.Angharad..."
------

From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 362:

"Sir Tudor ap Ednyved Vychan, who was one of the commissioners for the conclusion of peace between Edward the First and Llewelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales. By Adlais, or Alice, dau. of Richard ap Cadwaladr, second son of Gruffydd ap Cynan, King of North Wales, he had a son--Heilyn ap Sir Tudor..."

From The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV (London, 1884), p. 341 "Sir Tudor ab Ednyfed [Fychan], had Nant and Llanganafal in Môn. He was one of the Commissioners for the conclusion of peace between Edward I, King of England, and Llywelyn ab Iorwerth, Prince of Wales."

---

From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :

"GRIFFITH OF PENRHYN (Caerns.) . The family was perhaps the first in North Wales to emerge as the owners of a modern landed estate. They claimed descent from Ednyfed Fychan (q.v.) through his son Tudur .
...
The patrimony of Tudur ab Ednyfed Fychan undoubtedly lay in the Four Cantrefs, and record evidence supports the testimony of the pedigrees that his descendants, in the line whence came the families of Griffith of Penrhyn and Williams of Cochwillan , were settled at Nant, in Englefield, and Llangynhafal, in the vale of Clwyd. So far from being settled at Penrhyn early in the 14th cent., the 'Griffith' family continued to live in north-east Wales until the close of the century; but three marriage alliances during the century brought them substantial property in Caernarvonshire and Anglesey."


The child from this marriage was:

+ 121 M    i. Heilen ap Tudor .78

95. Maredudd ap Cynan (Cynan ap Owain Gwynedd72, Owain I Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales55, Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl44, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1)

96. Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford 61 (Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died about 1182.

Research Notes: Second husband of Margaret of Huntingdon.

From Magna Charta Barons, p. 81:

Humphrey de Bohun, who was Earl of Hereford and lord high constable of England, in right of is mother. He m. Margaret, daughter of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumberland, d. v. p. 1152 (and widow of Conale Petit, Earl of Brittany and Richmond, and sister of William the Lion, king of Scots), eldes son of David I., King of Scots, by his wife Matilda, widow of Simon de St. Liz, and daughter of Waltheof, Earl of Northumberland and Northampton, beheaded in 1075, and his wife, a niece of William the conqueror. Lady Margaret's mother, m. 1139, d. 1178, was Ada de Warren, daughter of William, second Earl of Surrey (by his wife, Isabel, or Elizabeth, d. 1131, widow of Robert, Earl of Mellent, and daughter of Hugh the Great, Count de Vermandois, son of Henry I., King of France), the son of William de Warren, Earl of Surrey, by his wife, Gundreda, the reputed daughter of William the Conqueror, or the daughter of his consort, Queen Maud, or Matilda, of Flanders, by Gherbod, advocate of the Abbey of St. Bestin, at St. Omer, before her marriage to William of Normandy. Humphrey de Bohun and Lady Margaret had: Henry de Bohun, eldest son and heir...

Noted events in his life were:

• Hereditary Constable of England:

Humphrey married Margaret, of Huntingdon,79 daughter of Henry, of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon and Ada de Warenne, in 1175. Margaret died in 1201.

Research Notes: Second wife of Alan, Lord of Galloway.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 122 M    i. Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford 80 was born in 1176 and died on 1 Jun 1220 at age 44.

97. Bertha de Braose 14 (Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1151 in Bramber, Sussex, England. Another name for Bertha was Maud de Braose.

Bertha married Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire,81 son of William de Beauchamp and Joan Waleries, about 1175 in <Bramber, Sussex>, England. Walter was born about 1173 in Worcestershire, England and died in 1235 about age 62.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 123 M    i. Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire 81 was born about 1184 in Elmley, Worcestershire, England and died on 14 Apr 1236 about age 52.

98. Sibyl de Braose 63 (Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1157 in Bramber, Sussex, England and died after 5 Feb 1228 in England. Another name for Sibyl was Sibila de Braose.

Noted events in her life were:

• Living: 5 Feb 1227 or 1208.

Sibyl married William de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby,82 son of Robert de Ferrieres, 2nd Earl of Derby and Margaret Peverel, about 1174 in Sussex, England. William was born about 1140, was christened in <Tutbury Castle, Tutbury, Staffordshire, England>, and died before 21 Oct 1190 in Acre, Palestine (Israel). Another name for William was William de Ferrières 3rd Earl of Derby.

Death Notes: Was killed during the Siege of Acre.

Research Notes: Seigneur of Ferrieres-Saint-Hilaire and lord of Oakham, Rutland.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 132C-28 (Roger de Mortimer)

From Wikipedia - William de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby :

William I de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby (died 1190) was a 12th century English Earl who resided in Tutbury Castle in Staffordshire and was head of a family which controlled a large part of Derbyshire known as Duffield Frith . He was also a Knight Templar . [1]

William was the son of Robert de Ferrers, 2nd Earl of Derby and his wife, Margaret Peverel . He succeeded his father as Earl of Derby in 1162. He was married to Sybil, the daughter of William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber and Bertha of Hereford .

William de Ferrers was one of the earls who joined the rebellion against King Henry II of England led by Henry's eldest son, Henry the Younger , in the Revolt of 1173-1174 , sacking the town of Nottingham . Robert de Ferrers II, his father, had supported Stephen of England and, although Henry II had accepted him at court, he had denied the title of earl of Derby to him and his son. [2] In addition, William had a grudge against Henry because he believed he should have inherited the lands of Peveril Castle through his mother. These, King Henry had previously confiscated in 1155 when William Peverel fell into disfavour.

With the failure of the revolt, de Ferrers was taken prisoner by King Henry, at Northampton on the 31 July 1174, along with the King of Scots and the earls of Chester and Lincoln, along with a number of his Derbyshire underlings and was held at Caen . He was deprived of his castles at Tutbury and Duffield and both were put out of commission (and possibly Pilsbury .) In addition to defray the costs of the war Henry levied a so called "Forest Fine" of 200 marks.

He seems to have afterwards regained the confidence of Henry II., and he showed his fidelity to the next Sovereign, (King Richard I.) , by accompanying him in his expedition to the Holy Land, and joined the Third Crusade and died at the Siege of Acre in 1190. [3]


Children from this marriage were:

+ 124 M    i. Henry de Ferrieres .

+ 125 M    ii. William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby 83 was born about 1162 in Ferrers, Derbyshire, England and died on 22 Sep 1247 about age 85.

99. William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose 64 (Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1175 in <Bramber, Sussex>, England, died on 9 Aug 1211 in Corbeil near Paris, Marne, France about age 36, and was buried on 10 Aug 1211 in France.

Birth Notes: FamilySearch has b. abt. 1153, Bramber, Sussex, England.

Noted events in his life were:

• Lord of Braose (Briouze), Bramber, Brecon:

• Lord Over Gwent:

• Sheriff of Hereford: 1192-1199.

• Lord of Bramber: Abt 1193.

William married Maud de St. Valerie, of Haie.84 Maud was born about 1155 in <Bramber, Sussex>, England and died in 1210 in Corfe, Windsor, England about age 55. Another name for Maud was Matilda de St. Valery.

Death Notes: Murdered by King John, who had her walled up alive in her castle walls with her yung son William.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 126 M    i. Reynold de Braose 85 was born about 1178 in <Bramber, Sussex>, England, died on 9 Jun 1228 in Brecon, Breconshire, Wales about age 50, and was buried in Priory Church, Brecon, Breconshire, Wales.

+ 127 F    ii. Margeret de Braose 86 was born about 1177 in <Abergavenny>, Wales and died on 19 Nov 1200 about age 23.

100. Avelina Agnes de Braose 65 (Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1145.

Avelina married Ivo de Harcourt,87 son of William de Harcourt and Agnes Ambroise,. Ivo was born in 1130 and died before 1180.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 128 M    i. Robert de Harcourt, of Stanton-Harcourt, Oxfordshire 88 was born in 1152.

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101. Gronwy ap Hwfa, of Hafod-y-Wern (Hwfa ap Iorwerth, of Hafod-y-Wern82, Iorwerth Vychan ap Ieuaf, of Llwynon, co. Denbig59, Ieuaf ap Ninniau47, Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Hafod-y-Wern, (Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales. Other names for Gronwy were Gronw ap Howel of Maelor and Goronwy ap Hwfa.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg57.htm#1148

Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656

Gronwy married < > verch Ievan ap Howell, of Henllys.89

The child from this marriage was:

+ 129 M    i. Ieuan ap Gronwy, of Hafod-y-Wern was born in Hafod-y-Wern, (Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales.

102. Madog ap Hwfa (Hwfa ap Iorwerth, of Hafod-y-Wern82, Iorwerth Vychan ap Ieuaf, of Llwynon, co. Denbig59, Ieuaf ap Ninniau47, Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: History of the Town of Wrexham, Its Houses, Streets, Fields, and Old Families by Alfred Neobard Palmer (Wrexham, 1893), pp. 137-138:
"...it is almost certain that the Madog ap Hwfa, or Madog Athro, who became vicar of Wrexham in 1294, was son of the Hwfa ap Iorwerth, who heads the pedigree,..."

103. Owain ap Gruffudd ap Rhys (Gruffudd ap, Prince of Deheubarth85, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born before 1202.

Research Notes: Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 130

Younger brother of Rhys Ieuanc

Owain married someone.

His child was:

+ 130 M    i. Maredudd ap Owain ap Gruffudd, Lord of Cardigan Uch Ayron died in 1265.

104. Rhys Ieuanc ap Gruffudd ap Rhys (Gruffudd ap, Prince of Deheubarth85, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: From: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, pp. 130-131:
"In Deheubarth [about 1194], Rhys ap Gruffudd was troubled by the waywardness of his sons, and the agreement between Rhys and the king of England came to an end when Henry II was succeeded by his son, Richard I, in 1189. Rhys died in 1197. His heir was his eldest son, Gruffudd, whom Chronica de Wallia referred to in 1200 as prince, the last of the rulers of Deheubarth to be given that title. Gruffudd was challenged by his brothers, Maelgwn and Rhys Gryg in particular, and following his death in 1201 the authority of his son, Rhys Ieuanc, was restricted to Cantref Mawr, the region between the rivers Tywi and Teifi. In the struggles in Deheubarth, Maelgwn received the support of John who became king of England on the death of his brother, Richard, in 1199. John had direct interests in Wals, for, through his marriage with the heiress of Glamorgan, he was lord of the greatest of the Marcher Lordships. In 1199, John bestowed Ceredigion and Emlyn on Maelgwn through royal grant.."

105. Maelgwn Fychan ap Maelgwn ap Rhys, Lord of Cardigan Is Ayron (Maelgwn ap86, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1257.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 254-29 (Angharad)

Maelgwn married Angharad ferch Llywelyn Fawr,76 daughter of Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd and Tangwystl verch Llywarch,.

Research Notes: From Ancestral Roots, Line 254-29 (Angharad) has her mother as Joan, natural daughter of King John, who married Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of Wales.

Her mother may have been Tangwystl Goch.

From Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great:

"During Llywelyn's boyhood Gwynedd was ruled by two of his uncles, who had agreed to split the kingdom between them following the death of Llywelyn's grandfather, Owain Gwynedd , in 1170. Llywelyn had a strong claim to be the legitimate ruler and began a campaign to win power at an early age. He was sole ruler of Gwynedd by 1200, and made a treaty with King John of England the same year. Llywelyn's relations with John remained good for the next ten years. He married John's illegitimate daughter Joan , also known as Joanna, in 1205, and when John arrested Gwenwynwyn ab Owain of Powys in 1208 Llywelyn took the opportunity to annex southern Powys. In 1210 relations deteriorated and John invaded Gwynedd in 1211. Llywelyn was forced to seek terms and to give up all his lands east of the River Conwy, but was able to recover these lands the following year in alliance with the other Welsh princes. He allied himself with the barons who forced John to sign Magna Carta in 1215. By 1216 he was the dominant power in Wales, holding a council at Aberdyfi that year to apportion lands to the other princes...

Children
The identity of the mother of some of Llywelyn's children is uncertain. He was survived by nine children, two legitimate, one probably legitimate and six illegitimate. Elen ferch Llywelyn (c.1207-1253), his only certainly legitimate daughter, first married John de Scotia, Earl of Chester. This marriage was childless, and after John's death Elen married Sir Robert de Quincy , the brother of Roger de Quincy, Earl of Winchester . Llywelyn's only legitimate son, Dafydd ap Llywelyn (c.1208-1246), married Isabella de Braose, daughter of William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny , Lord of Abergavenny. William was the son of Reginald de Braose , who married another of Llywelyn's daughters. Dafydd and Isabella may have had one child together, Helen of Wales (1246-1295), but the marriage failed to produce a male heir.
Another daughter, Gwladus Ddu (c.1206-1251), was probably legitimate. Adam of Usk states that she was a legitimate daughter by Joan, although some sources claim that her mother was Llywelyn's mistress, Tangwystl Goch.[64] She first married Reginald de Braose of Brecon and Abergavenny, but had no children by him. After Reginald's death she married Ralph de Mortimer of Wigmore and had several sons.

The mother of most of Llywelyn's illegitimate children is known or assumed to have been Llywelyn's mistress, Tangwystl Goch (c.1168-1198). Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (c.1196-1244) was Llywelyn's eldest son and is known to be the son of Tangwystl. He married Senena, daughter of Caradoc ap Thomas of Anglesey . Their four sons included Llywelyn ap Gruffydd , who for a period occupied a position in Wales comparable to that of his grandfather, and Dafydd ap Gruffydd who ruled Gwynedd briefly after his brother's death. Llywelyn had another son, Tegwared ap Llywelyn, by a woman known only as Crysten.
Marared ferch Llywelyn (c.1198-after 1263) married John de Braose of Gower, a nephew of Reginald de Braose, and after his death married Walter Clifford of Bronllys and Clifford. Other illegitimate daughters were Gwenllian ferch Llywelyn, who married William de Lacey, and Angharad ferch Llywelyn, who married Maelgwn Fychan. Susanna ferch Llywelyn was sent to England as a hostage in 1228, but no further details are known."


The child from this marriage was:

+ 131 F    i. Elen ferch Maelgwn Fychan .

106. Rhys-Mechyllt, of Llandovery Castle (Rhys Gwyg ap, Lord of Yestradtywy87, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Welsh Settlement of Pensylvania by Charles H. Browning (Philadelphia, 1912), p. 281.

Rhys-Mechyllt married someone.

His child was:

+ 132 M    i. Rhys-Vaughn, Lord of Yestradtywy .

107. Tudur Hen ap Goronwy 67 (Goronwy ap Ednyfed Vychan, Lord of Tref-Gastell in Anglesea88, Gwenllian verch Griffith ap Rhys62, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1311. Other names for Tudur were Tudur Hen and Tudur ap Goronwy.

Tudur married someone.

His child was:

+ 133 M    i. Goronwy ap Tudur Hen, Lord of Penmynydd 90 died in 1331.

108. Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly 69 (Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1190 and died in 1257 in Youghal, Cork, Ireland at age 67.

Noted events in his life were:

• Knighted: Jul 1217.

• Lord of Lea:

• Justiciar of Ireland: Sep 1232-1245.

• Commissioner of the Treasury and Councillor: 1250.

Maurice married Juliane.91 Another name for Juliane was Juliana.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 134 M    i. Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly 92 was born in Ireland and died in 1286.

109. Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I 71 (Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1198 and died on 7 Dec 1269 about age 71. Another name for Gruffydd was Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I.

Research Notes: Confirm that his grandfather was Gruffudd Maelor I. See History of Wales p. 124, 161

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

Source at http://www.gencircles.com/users/kristinhopper/4/pedigree/6400 lists a daughter Margaret verch Gruffydd, whose mother is Emma.

Gruffydd married Emma.70

Children from this marriage were:

+ 135 M    i. Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog died after 1283.

+ 136 F    ii. Margaret verch Gruffydd

110. Maredydd ap Madog, of Rhiwabon (Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. II (London, 1882), p. 174

111. Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn 73 (Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1206 in Caernarvonshire, Wales and died in 1251 in Windsor, Berkshire, England about age 45. Other names for Gwladys were Gladys Dhu and Gwladus Ddu.

Research Notes: Widow of Reynold de Braose

From Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great :

Another daughter, Gwladus Ddu (c.1206-1251), was probably legitimate. Adam of Usk states that she was a legitimate daughter by Joan, although some sources claim that her mother was Llywelyn's mistress, Tangwystl Goch.[64] She first married Reginald de Braose of Brecon and Abergavenny, but had no children by him. After Reginald's death she married Ralph de Mortimer of Wigmore and had several sons.

Gwladys married Reynold de Braose,85 son of William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose and Maud de St. Valerie, of Haie, before 1221 in Wales. Reynold was born about 1178 in <Bramber, Sussex>, England, died on 9 Jun 1228 in Brecon, Breconshire, Wales about age 50, and was buried in Priory Church, Brecon, Breconshire, Wales. Another name for Reynold was Reginald de Braose.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 176B-28 (Gladys Dhu)

Gwladys next married Ralph de Mortimer, Lord Mortimer of Wigmore,93 son of Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore and Isabel de Ferrieres, in 1230. Ralph was born about 1190 in <Wigmore, Herefordshire>, England, died on 6 Aug 1246 in Wigmore, Herefordshire, England about age 56, and was buried in Wigmore, Herefordshire, England.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 132C-29 and 176B-28 (Gladys Dhu)


The child from this marriage was:

+ 137 M    i. Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer 94 was born about 1231 in Cwmaron Castle, Radnorshire, Wales and died on 27 Oct 1282 in Kingsland, Herefordshire, England about age 51.

112. Elen ferch Llywelyn Fawr 74 (Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1207 and died in 1253 about age 46. Other names for Elen were Helene, Elen verch Llywelyn, and Helen verch Llywelyn.

Research Notes: If Robert II de Quincy was the husband of Hawise of Chester, Elen was his second wife. Magna Charta Barons lists only Elen and has her as the mother of his 3 daughters. Magna Charta Barons is not a reliable source.

From Wikipedia - Elen ferch Llywelyn :

Elen ferch Llywelyn (c. 1206 - 1253) was the daughter of Llywelyn the Great of Gwynedd in north Wales .

The records of Llywelyn's family are confusing, and it is not certain which of his children were illegitimate, but Elen appears to have been his legitimate daughter by Joan , illegitimate daughter of King John of England .

Elen married John de Scotia, Earl of Chester , in about 1222. He died aged thirty in 1237, and she re-married, her second husband being Sir Robert de Quincy . Their daughter, Hawise , was married to Baldwin Wake , Lord Wake of Lidel. Hawise and Baldwin's granddaughter, Margaret Wake , was the mother of Joan of Kent , later Princess of Wales. Thus the blood of Llywelyn Fawr passed into the English royal family through King Richard II .

There is also a record of a "Helen" daughter of "Llywelyn of Wales" who married Mormaer Maol Choluim II, Earl of Fife and later married Domhnall I, Earl of Mar . The dates appear to rule out this being Elen, since Maol Chaluim II did not die until 1266 while Elen's death is recorded in 1253. Some genealogists propose the existence of another Elen, an illegitimate daughter born towards the end of Llywelyn's life, but there is no clear evidence for this. Another possibility is that this Helen might have been an illegitimate daughter of Llywelyn the Last born when he was a young man, but there is also no evidence of the theory being true. More likely this lady was Susannah ferch Llywelyn ab Iorwerth , who was sent to England in 1228 and married the earl of Fife in the summer of 1237.[1]

Elen married Robert II de Quincy,95 son of Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester and Margaret de Beaumont, after 1237. Robert died in 1257 in <Palestine>. Other names for Robert were Robert de Quincey and Robert the Younger de Quincey.

Research Notes: Second son named Robert.

From Wikipedia - Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester :

Robert de Quincy (second son of that name; d. 1257) who married Helen , daughter of the Welsh prince Llywelyn the Great ;

"Robert (d. 1217). Some sources say he married Hawise, sister and co-heiress of Ranulf de Blundeville, earl of Chester . However, it is more likely Hawise married Saer's brother Robert II;"
---------
Ancestral Roots, Line 54-28 (Robert II de Quincy), has "d.v.p. bef. 1232,... m. Hawise of Chester (125-29), b. 1180, d. 1241/3, Countess of Lincoln." The "d.v.p. bef. 1232 makes him appear to be the first Robert.


Noted events in his life were:

• Crusader:

113. Dafydd ap Llywelyn (Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1208 and died in 1246 about age 38.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great

114. Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1196, died on 1 Mar 1244 about age 48, and was buried in Conway. Another name for Gruffydd was Griffith ap Llewellyn ap Iorwerth.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, Issued by the Powys-Land Club for the Use of Its Members, London, 1880, p. 121 has "Griffith, base son to Llewelin ap Ierworth, broke his neck to escape out of the Tower of London in the time of King Henry the Third, and was interred at Conway. (Quarterly gu. & or., 4 lions pass. gard. counterchanged.)

Gruffydd married Senena verch Caradoc, daughter of Caradoc ap Thomas, of Anglesey and Unknown,. Another name for Senena was Senana verch Rynarth.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great has Senena verch Caradoc.

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, Issued by the Powys-Land Club for the Use of Its Members, London, 1880, p. 121, has "Senana, dau. of Rynarth, King of Man. (Gu., three man's legs mailed.)"


Children from this marriage were:

+ 138 M    i. Llywelyn II, Prince of North Wales was born about 29 Sep 1252 and died on 11 Dec 1282 in Brecon, (Breconshire), Powys, (Wales) about age 30.

+ 139 M    ii. Davydd ap Gruffudd died in 1283.

+ 140 F    iii. Katherine verch Gruffydd ap Llywelyn .

115. Marared ferch Llywelyn (Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1198 and died after 1263.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great

116. Gwenllian ferch Llywelyn (Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great

117. Susanna ferch Llywelyn (Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great. She "was sent to England as a hostage in 1228, but no further details are known."

118. Angharad ferch Llywelyn Fawr 76 (Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: From Ancestral Roots, Line 254-29 (Angharad) has her mother as Joan, natural daughter of King John, who married Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of Wales.

Her mother may have been Tangwystl Goch.

From Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great:

"During Llywelyn's boyhood Gwynedd was ruled by two of his uncles, who had agreed to split the kingdom between them following the death of Llywelyn's grandfather, Owain Gwynedd , in 1170. Llywelyn had a strong claim to be the legitimate ruler and began a campaign to win power at an early age. He was sole ruler of Gwynedd by 1200, and made a treaty with King John of England the same year. Llywelyn's relations with John remained good for the next ten years. He married John's illegitimate daughter Joan , also known as Joanna, in 1205, and when John arrested Gwenwynwyn ab Owain of Powys in 1208 Llywelyn took the opportunity to annex southern Powys. In 1210 relations deteriorated and John invaded Gwynedd in 1211. Llywelyn was forced to seek terms and to give up all his lands east of the River Conwy, but was able to recover these lands the following year in alliance with the other Welsh princes. He allied himself with the barons who forced John to sign Magna Carta in 1215. By 1216 he was the dominant power in Wales, holding a council at Aberdyfi that year to apportion lands to the other princes...

Children
The identity of the mother of some of Llywelyn's children is uncertain. He was survived by nine children, two legitimate, one probably legitimate and six illegitimate. Elen ferch Llywelyn (c.1207-1253), his only certainly legitimate daughter, first married John de Scotia, Earl of Chester. This marriage was childless, and after John's death Elen married Sir Robert de Quincy , the brother of Roger de Quincy, Earl of Winchester . Llywelyn's only legitimate son, Dafydd ap Llywelyn (c.1208-1246), married Isabella de Braose, daughter of William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny , Lord of Abergavenny. William was the son of Reginald de Braose , who married another of Llywelyn's daughters. Dafydd and Isabella may have had one child together, Helen of Wales (1246-1295), but the marriage failed to produce a male heir.
Another daughter, Gwladus Ddu (c.1206-1251), was probably legitimate. Adam of Usk states that she was a legitimate daughter by Joan, although some sources claim that her mother was Llywelyn's mistress, Tangwystl Goch.[64] She first married Reginald de Braose of Brecon and Abergavenny, but had no children by him. After Reginald's death she married Ralph de Mortimer of Wigmore and had several sons.

The mother of most of Llywelyn's illegitimate children is known or assumed to have been Llywelyn's mistress, Tangwystl Goch (c.1168-1198). Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (c.1196-1244) was Llywelyn's eldest son and is known to be the son of Tangwystl. He married Senena, daughter of Caradoc ap Thomas of Anglesey . Their four sons included Llywelyn ap Gruffydd , who for a period occupied a position in Wales comparable to that of his grandfather, and Dafydd ap Gruffydd who ruled Gwynedd briefly after his brother's death. Llywelyn had another son, Tegwared ap Llywelyn, by a woman known only as Crysten.
Marared ferch Llywelyn (c.1198-after 1263) married John de Braose of Gower, a nephew of Reginald de Braose, and after his death married Walter Clifford of Bronllys and Clifford. Other illegitimate daughters were Gwenllian ferch Llywelyn, who married William de Lacey, and Angharad ferch Llywelyn, who married Maelgwn Fychan. Susanna ferch Llywelyn was sent to England as a hostage in 1228, but no further details are known."

Angharad married Maelgwn Fychan ap Maelgwn ap Rhys, Lord of Cardigan Is Ayron, son of Maelgwn ap Rhys and Unknown,. Maelgwn died in 1257.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 254-29 (Angharad)

(Duplicate Line. See Person 105)

119. Tegwared ap Llywelyn (Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1)

120. Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire (Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1). Another name for Jevan was Ieuan ap Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû of Copa'r Goleuneu in Tegeingl.

Research Notes: Source: Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 362

Jevan married someone.

His child was:

+ 141 F    i. Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd .

121. Heilen ap Tudor 78 (Adlais verch Richard ap Cadwaladr94, Richard ap Cadwaladr70, Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd ap Cynan54, Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl44, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1). Other names for Heilen were Heilyn ap Sir Tudor and Heilyn ap Tudur ap Ednyfed Fychan.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I, London, 1847, p. 736 has:
"HEILIN AP SIR TUDOR, Knt.,...m. Agnes, dau of Bloddyn, Lord of Dinmael, in Denbighland, living 25 May, 2 HENRY III., 1218, third son of Owain Brogyntyn, Lord of Edeirnion... By this lady Heilin had issue, 1. GRIFFITH AP HEAILIN; 2. Grono ap Heilin... 3.Angharad..."

From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 362: "Heilyn ap Sir Tudor, grantee in a charter of Prince Llewelyn ap Gruffydd, dated Dolwyddelen, 1281; m. Agnes, dau. of Bleddyn, Lord of Dinmael, Denb., 3rd son of Owain Brogyntyn, Lord of Edeirnion, 10th in descent from Rhodri Mawr, King of Wales 843-877, by whom he had with other issue,--Gruffydd ap Heilyn..."

Heilen married Agnes verch Bleddyn ap Owain Brogyntyn,59 daughter of Bleddyn ap Owain Brogyntyn, Lord of Dinmael, Denbigh and Unknown,. Another name for Agnes was Annesta verch Owain ap Bleddyn ap Owain Brogyntyn.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 142 M    i. Gruffydd ap Heilen was born about 1275.

+ 143 M    ii. Goronwy ap Heilin .

122. Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford 80 (Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1176 and died on 1 Jun 1220 at age 44.

Death Notes: Died on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land

Research Notes: From Magna Charta Barons, pp. 81-82:
Henry de Bohun, eldest son and heir, who in reality was the first Earl of Hereford of this family, being so created by charter of King John, dated April 28, 1199; but the office of lord high constable he inherited. As he took prominent part with the Barons against the king, his lands were sequestered, but he received them again at the sealing of the Magna Charta. He was elected one of the celebrated twenty-five Sureties for the observance of the Magna Charta, and having been excommunicated by the Pope, with the other Barons, he did not return to his allegiance on the decease of King John, but was one of the commanders in the army of Louis, the Dauphin, at the battle of Lincoln, and was taken prisoner. After this defeat he joined Saher de Quincey, and others, in a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and c. on the passage, June 1, 1220, 4 Henry III. His body was brought home and buried in the chapter-house of Llanthony Abbey, in Gloucestershire.

He m. Maud, daughter of Geoffrey Fitz-Piers, Baron de Mandeville, created, in 1199, Earl of Essex, Justiciary of England, d. 1212, and eventually heiress of her brother William de Mandeville, last Earl of Essex of that family, by whom he acquired the honor of Essex and many extensive lordships, and sister of Geoffrey de Mandeville, one of the celebrated twenty-five Magna Charta Sureties, and had:
Humphrey de Bohun, second Earl of Hereford and Essex.
Margaret, wife of Waleran de Newburgh, fourth Earl of Warwick.
Ralph de Bohun.

Noted events in his life were:

• Hereditary Constable of England:

• Sheriff of Kent: 1200.

• Magna Charta Surety: 1215.

Henry married Maud FitzGeoffrey, de Mandeville,97 daughter of Geoffrey FitzPeter, 1st Earl of Essex and Beatrice de Say,. Maud died on 27 Aug 1236.

Research Notes: After Henry's death (1220), Countess of Essex


The child from this marriage was:

+ 144 M    i. Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex 98 was born by 1208, died on 24 Sep 1275 in Warwickshire, England at age 67, and was buried in Llanthony Secunda, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

123. Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire 81 (Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1184 in Elmley, Worcestershire, England and died on 14 Apr 1236 about age 52. Another name for Walter was Walcheline de Beauchamp.

Walter married Isabella de Mortimer,99 daughter of Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer and Maud de Braose, in 1212 in Elmley, Worcestershire, England. Isabella died before 1 Apr 1292. Other names for Isabella were Isabel de Mortimer and Joane de Mortimer.

Death Notes: Wikipedia has d. 1292.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 28-30


The child from this marriage was:

+ 145 M    i. William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp 100 was born about 1210 and died in 1269 about age 59.

124. Henry de Ferrieres (Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 132C-28 (Roger de Mortimer)

Henry married someone.

Henry next married someone.

125. William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby 83 (Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1162 in Ferrers, Derbyshire, England and died on 22 Sep 1247 about age 85.

William married Agnes, of Chester, Lady of Chartley,101 daughter of Hugh, of Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester and Bertrade de Montfort, of Evreux, in 1192 in Cheshire, England. Agnes died on 2 Nov 1247. Another name for Agnes was Alice of Chester.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 146 M    i. Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby 102 was born about 1193 in <Derbyshire>, England, died on 28 Mar 1254 in Evington, Leicestershire, England about age 61, and was buried on 31 Mar 1254 in Merevale Abbey, Merevale, Warwickshire, England.

126. Reynold de Braose 85 (William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1178 in <Bramber, Sussex>, England, died on 9 Jun 1228 in Brecon, Breconshire, Wales about age 50, and was buried in Priory Church, Brecon, Breconshire, Wales. Another name for Reynold was Reginald de Braose.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 176B-28 (Gladys Dhu)

Reynold married Grace de Briwere,103 daughter of Sir William de Briwere and Beatrice de Vaux,. Grace was born about 1176 in <Stoke, Devonshire>, England and died before 1215. Other names for Grace were Alice de Briwere, Gracia de Briwere, and Grecia de Briwere.

Death Notes: FamilySearch has d. 1223


The child from this marriage was:

+ 147 M    i. William de Braose, , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny 104 was born about 1204 in <Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales> and died on 2 May 1230 in <Crogen>, Wales about age 26.

Reynold next married Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn,73 daughter of Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd and Joan, Princess of Gwynedd, before 1221 in Wales. Gwladys was born about 1206 in Caernarvonshire, Wales and died in 1251 in Windsor, Berkshire, England about age 45. Other names for Gwladys were Gladys Dhu and Gwladus Ddu.

Research Notes: Widow of Reynold de Braose

From Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great :

Another daughter, Gwladus Ddu (c.1206-1251), was probably legitimate. Adam of Usk states that she was a legitimate daughter by Joan, although some sources claim that her mother was Llywelyn's mistress, Tangwystl Goch.[64] She first married Reginald de Braose of Brecon and Abergavenny, but had no children by him. After Reginald's death she married Ralph de Mortimer of Wigmore and had several sons.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 111)

127. Margeret de Braose 86 (William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1177 in <Abergavenny>, Wales and died on 19 Nov 1200 about age 23. Another name for Margeret was Margery de Braose.

Margeret married Walter de Lacy, Lord of Meath, Ireland & Weobley, Herefordshire,105 son of Hugh de Lacy and Rohese de Monmouth,. Walter was born about 1172 in <Ewias Lacy, Herefordshire>, England and died on 24 Feb 1241 about age 69.

Birth Notes: FamilySearch has b. abt. 1160, Ewias Lacy, Herefordshire, England.

Noted events in his life were:

• Lord of Trim Castle & Ludlow Castle:

Children from this marriage were:

+ 148 F    i. Petronilla de Lacy 106 was born about 1195 in <Meath, Ireland> and died after 25 Nov 1288.

+ 149 M    ii. Gilbert de Lacy, of Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire 107 was born about 1202 and died on 25 Dec 1230 about age 28.

128. Robert de Harcourt, of Stanton-Harcourt, Oxfordshire 88 (Avelina Agnes de Braose100, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1152.

Robert married Isabel de Camville,108 daughter of Richard de Camville, of Stratton Audley and Eustacia Basset,. Isabel was born in 1152 and died after 1208.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 150 F    i. Alice de Harcourt 109 died after 1212.

+ 151 M    ii. Richard de Harcourt was born in 1182.

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129. Ieuan ap Gronwy, of Hafod-y-Wern (Gronwy ap Hwfa, of Hafod-y-Wern101, Hwfa ap Iorwerth, of Hafod-y-Wern82, Iorwerth Vychan ap Ieuaf, of Llwynon, co. Denbig59, Ieuaf ap Ninniau47, Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Hafod-y-Wern, (Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales. Other names for Ieuan were Ieuan ap Goronwy, Ievan ap Grono of Hafod-y-Wern, and Jevan ap Gronw ap Howel.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg57.htm#1147

Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656

Ieuan married Erdhglad verch Iorwerth Goch ap Madoc.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656


The child from this marriage was:

+ 152 M    i. Gronwy ap Ieuan, of Havod y Wern was born in Hafod-y-Wern, (Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales.

130. Maredudd ap Owain ap Gruffudd, Lord of Cardigan Uch Ayron (Owain ap103, Gruffudd ap, Prince of Deheubarth85, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1265.

Research Notes: Which Owain was his father?

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 254-30 (Elen ferch Maelgwn)

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 145

Maredudd married Elen ferch Maelgwn Fychan, daughter of Maelgwn Fychan ap Maelgwn ap Rhys, Lord of Cardigan Is Ayron and Angharad ferch Llywelyn Fawr,.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 254-30


The child from this marriage was:

+ 153 M    i. Owain ap Maredudd ap Owain, of Cardigan died in 1275.

131. Elen ferch Maelgwn Fychan (Maelgwn Fychan ap, Lord of Cardigan Is Ayron105, Maelgwn ap86, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 254-30

Elen married Maredudd ap Owain ap Gruffudd, Lord of Cardigan Uch Ayron, son of Owain ap Gruffudd ap Rhys and Unknown,. Maredudd died in 1265.

Research Notes: Which Owain was his father?

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 254-30 (Elen ferch Maelgwn)

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 145

(Duplicate Line. See Person 130)

132. Rhys-Vaughn, Lord of Yestradtywy (Rhys-Mechyllt, of Llandovery Castle106, Rhys Gwyg ap, Lord of Yestradtywy87, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Welsh Settlement of Pensylvania by Charles H. Browning (Philadelphia, 1912), p. 281.

Rhys-Vaughn married someone.

His child was:

+ 154 M    i. Rhys-Gloff, Lord of Cymcydmaen .

133. Goronwy ap Tudur Hen, Lord of Penmynydd 90 (Tudur Hen ap Goronwy107, Goronwy ap Ednyfed Vychan, Lord of Tref-Gastell in Anglesea88, Gwenllian verch Griffith ap Rhys62, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1331.

Goronwy married someone.

His child was:

+ 155 M    i. Tudur ap Goronwy 110 died in 1367.

134. Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly 92 (Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Ireland and died in 1286. Another name for Maurice was Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald.

Noted events in his life were:

• Justiciar of Ireland: 1238-1287.

Maurice married Maud de Prendergast,111 daughter of Gerald de Prendergast and < > de Burgh,. Maud was born on 17 Mar 1243.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 156 F    i. Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly 112 was born about 1263 in Dublin, Dublin, Ireland and died in 1300 about age 37.

Maurice next married Emmeline Longespée, daughter of Stephen Longespée and Emeline de Ridelisford, about 1266. Emmeline was born about 1250 and died in 1291 about age 41.

Research Notes: Wikipedia (Juliane FitzGerald) states that she was Maurice FitzMaurice's second wife and had no children by him. Ancestral Roots line 178-6 states that she was the mother of Juliana FitzGerald.

135. Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog (Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died after 1283. Other names for Gruffydd were Gruffudd Fychan I, Gruffyd Maelor, and Gruffydd Vychan I.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 249-33 (Elizabeth le Strange) has Gruffydd Fychan ap Madog, liv. 1283, son of Madog ap Gruffydd, d. 1278, son of Gruffydd, of Bromfield, d. 1269.

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81 has Gruffudd Fychan I, son of Gruffudd ap Madog ap Gruffudd.

Noted events in his life were:

• Living: 1283.

Gruffydd married someone.

His child was:

+ 157 M    i. Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan died on 12 Nov 1304.

136. Margaret verch Gruffydd (Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1)

Margaret married Sir John Arderne.113 John was born in 1266 and died in 1308 at age 42.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 158 F    i. Agnes Arderne

137. Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer 94 (Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1231 in Cwmaron Castle, Radnorshire, Wales and died on 27 Oct 1282 in Kingsland, Herefordshire, England about age 51.

Birth Notes: FamilySearch has b. 1221, Cwmaron Castle, Radnorshire, Wales

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), Line 28-29 and 176B-29

From Wikipedia - Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer :

Roger Mortimer (1231- 30 October 1282), 1st Baron Mortimer , was a famous and honoured knight from Wigmore Castle in Herefordshire . He was a loyal ally of King Henry III of England . He was at times an enemy, at times an ally, of the Welsh prince, Llywelyn the Last .


Early career
Born in 1231, Roger was the son of Ralph de Mortimer and his Welsh wife, Princess Gwladys Ddu , daughter of Llywelyn ab Iorwerth .

In 1256 Roger went to war with Llywelyn ap Gruffydd when the latter invaded his lordship of Gwrtheyrnion or Rhayader . This war would continue intermittently until the death of both Roger and Llywelyn in 1282. They were both grandsons of Llywelyn ab Iorwerth .

Mortimer fought for the King against the rebel Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester , and almost lost his life in 1264 at the Battle of Lewes fighting Montfort's men. In 1265 Mortimer's wife, Maud de Braose helped rescue Prince Edward ; and Mortimer and the Prince made an alliance against de Montfort.


Victor at Evesham
In August 1265, de Montfort's army was surrounded by the River Avon on three sides, and Prince Edward's army on the fourth. Mortimer had sent his men to block the only possible escape route, at the Bengeworth bridge. The Battle of Evesham began in earnest. A storm roared above the battle field. Montfort's Welsh soldiers broke and ran for the bridge, where they were slaughtered by Mortimer's men. Mortimer himself killed Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester in crushing Montfort's army. Mortimer was awarded Montfort's severed head and other parts of his anatomy, which he sent home to Wigmore Castle as a gift for his wife, Lady Mortimer.


Marriage and children
Lady Mortimer was Maud de Braose , daughter of William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny by Eva Marshal . Roger Mortimer had married her in 1247. She was, like him, a scion of a Welsh Marches family. Their children were:
Ralph Mortimer, died 1276.
Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Mortimer (1251-1304), married Margaret de Fiennes , the daughter of William II de Fiennes and Blanche de Brienne . Had issue, including Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March
Isabella Mortimer , died 1292. She married (1) John Fitzalan, 7th Earl of Arundel , (2) Robert de Hastings
Margaret Mortimer , died 1297. She married Robert de Vere, 6th Earl of Oxford
Roger Mortimer of Chirk , died 1326.
Geoffrey Mortimer , a knight
William Mortimer , a knight
Their eldest son, Ralph, was a famed knight but died in his youth. The second son, Edmund, was recalled from Oxford University and appointed his father's heir.

Epitaph
Roger Mortimer died on 30 October 1282, and was buried at Wigmore Abbey , where his tombstone read:
"Here lies buried, glittering with praise, Roger the pure, Roger Mortimer the second, called Lord of Wigmore by those who held him dear. While he lived all Wales feared his power, and given as a gift to him all Wales remained his. It knew his campaigns, he subjected it to torment."

Roger married Maud de Braose,114 daughter of William de Braose, , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny and Eve Marshal, in 1247. Maud was born in 1224 in <Gower, Glamorganshire>, Wales, died before 23 Mar 1301 in Herefordshire, England, and was buried in Wigmore Abbey, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England.

Research Notes: 2nd daughter and co-heiress of William de Braose and Eve Marshall.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 67-29
-------
From Wikipedia - Maud de Braose, Baroness Wigmore :

Maud de Braose, Baroness Wigmore (1224- 1300/23 March 1301)[1] was a noble heiress and a member of the powerful de Braose family which held many lordships and domains in the Welsh Marches . She was the wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore , a celebrated soldier and Marcher baron. A staunch Royalist during the Second Barons' War , it was she who devised the plan to rescue Prince Edward (the future King Edward I of England ) from the custody of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester .[2]

Family
Maud was born in Wales in 1224, the second eldest daughter and co-heiress of Marcher lord William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny and Eva Marshal .

Maud had three sisters, Isabella , wife of Prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn ; Eleanor , wife of Humphrey de Bohun; and Eve, wife of William de Cantelou.
Her paternal grandparents were Reginald de Braose, 9th Baron Abergavenny and Grecia de Briwere. Her maternal grandparents were William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke , daughter of Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster .
On 2 May 1230, when Maud was just six years old, her father was hanged by orders of Llewelyn the Great , Prince of Wales for alleged adultery with the latter's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales .

Marriage and children
In 1247[3] Maud married Roger Mortimer of Wigmore. As the eldest son of Ralph de Mortimer and his Welsh wife, Princess Gwladys Ddu , Roger was himself a scion of another important Marcher family, and had succeeded his father in 1246, upon the latter's death. He was created 1st Baron Wigmore on an unknown date. Maud was seven years his senior, and they had been betrothed since childhood. On the occasion of their marriage, the honour of Radnor passed from the de Braose to the Mortimer family.[4] Her marriage portion was some land at Tetbury which she inherited from her grandfather, Reginald de Braose.[5]She also had inherited the Manor of Charlton sometime before her marriage.[6] Roger and Maud's principal residence was the Mortimers' family seat, Wigmore Castle in Herefordshire .

Roger and Maud together had seven children:[7]
Ralph Mortimer (died before 10 August 1274), Sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire .
Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Wigmore (1251-17 July 1304), married Margaret de Fiennes , daughter of William II de Fiennes and Blanche de Brienne , by whom he had issue, including Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March .
Isabella Mortimer (died after 1300), married firstly, John Fitzalan, 7th Earl of Arundel , by whom she had issue; she married secondly, Ralph d'Arderne; she married thirdly, Robert de Hastang.[8]
Margaret Mortimer (died September 1297), married Robert de Vere, 6th Earl of Oxford , by whom she had one son.
Roger Mortimer of Chirk (died 3 August 1336 Tower of London ), married Lucy de Wafre, by whom he had one son. He was sentenced to life imprisonment for having participated in the rebellion of Thomas of Lancaster in 1321.
Geoffrey Mortimer (died before 1282), he was unmarried.
William Mortimer (died before June 1297), married as her first husband, Hawise de Muscegros.

Rescue of Prince Edward
Maud was described as beautiful and nimble-witted.[9]During the Second Barons' War , she also proved to be a staunch Royalist. It was Maud herself who devised a plan for the escape of Prince Edward after he had been taken hostage by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester following the Battle of Lewes . On 28 May 1265, when the Prince was held in custody at Hereford Castle , Maud sent a party of horsemen to spirit him away to Wigmore Castle while he was out in the open fields, some distance from the castle, taking exercise by racing horses with his unsuspecting guardians as she had instructed him to do in the messages she had smuggled to him previously. At a signal from one of the horsemen, Edward galloped off to join the party of his liberators, where they escorted him to Wigmore Castle, twenty miles away, where Maud was waiting. She gave the Prince refreshments before sending him on to Ludlow Castle [10]where he met up with the Earl of Gloucester who had defected to the side of the King .
At the Battle of Evesham on 4 August 1265, Maud's husband Roger fought on the side of Prince Edward, and personally killed Simon de Montfort. As a reward, Roger was given de Montfort's severed head and other parts of his anatomy. Roger sent these gruesome trophies home to Wigmore Castle as a gift to Maud.[11]She held a great feast that very night to celebrate the victory. De Montfort's head was raised in the Great Hall, still attached to the point of the lance.[12]

Descendants
In 1300, Maud is recorded as having presented to a vacant benefice in the Stoke Bliss parish church in Herefordshire , its advowson having originally belonged to the Mortimers, but was bequeathed to Limebrook Priory by Roger.[13] Maud died on an unknown date sometime between 1300 and 23 March 1301. She was buried in Wigmore Abbey . Her husband Roger had died on 30 October 1282.

All the monarchs of England from 1413, as well as Mary, Queen of Scots , were directly descended from Maud, as is the current British Royal Family . Queen consorts Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard were also notable descendants of Maud de Braose through the latter's daughter Isabella, Countess of Arundel.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 159 F    i. Isabella de Mortimer 99 died before 1 Apr 1292.

+ 160 M    ii. Sir Edmund de Mortimer, 7th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore 115 was born in 1261 in <Wigmore, Herefordshire>, England, died on 17 Jul 1304 in Wigmore, Herefordshire, England at age 43, and was buried in Wigmore, Herefordshire, England.

138. Llywelyn II, Prince of North Wales (Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 29 Sep 1252 and died on 11 Dec 1282 in Brecon, (Breconshire), Powys, (Wales) about age 30. Other names for Llywelyn were Llewelin ap Griffith Prince of North Wales and Llywelyn ap Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Mawr.

Death Notes: Slain by Adam Fauclon

Research Notes: Last soverign prince of all Wales.

Source: Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great

See also A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007

From Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912, pp. 289-290: "LADY ELEANOR DE MONTFORT, who m. Llewellyn Gryffyth, Prince of North Wales, and the last sovereign Prince of all Wales, killed on 11 Dec. 1232, son of Llewellyn the Great"

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, Issued by the Powys-Land Club for the Use of Its Members, London, 1880, p. 122 has "Llewelin ap Griffith was slain by Adam Frauclon, 12 King Ed. I. He was Prince of North Wales."

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, line 260-31 (Eleanor de Montfort), has "b. abt. Michaelmas 1252, d. 1282; m. 13 Oct. 1278, Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, son of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, d. 1 Mar. 1244, the son of LLYWELYN AP IORWERTH (176B-27), by Senena, perh. of Man."
------
From "Dafydd Goch ap Dafydd - His Real Ancestry" by Darrell Wolcott (http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id51.html):
"The intentions of King Edward I in 1283 seem clear enough; he was intent on total extermination of the Gwynedd princely family which had long resisted his authority over Wales. When Llewelyn ap Gruffudd was finally killed in Brecon, his brother Dafydd had taken up the fallen crown... [Dafydd's] youngest son, Owain, was taken in his father [in late June 1283]. About a week later, his eldest son Llewelyn was found and both boys were taken to the prison in Bristol. Not finished yet, the king sent the young unmarried daughters of both Llewelyn the Last and Dafydd ap Gruffudd to involuntary seclusion for training as nuns. Gwenllian ferch Llewelyn ap Gruffudd was sent to the Gilbertine nunnery at Sempringham, while the unnamed daughter or daughters of Dafydd ap Grufudd were sent to the priory at Sixhills. This insured they would never bear sons to become a future problem for the crown of England; the family had thus been made extinct."



Noted events in his life were:

• Marriage by Proxy: to Eleanor de Montfort.

Llywelyn married Elinor de Montfort, daughter of Simon, de Montfort, Earl of Leicester and Eleanor, on 13 Oct 1278 in Worcester Cathedral, Worcester, Worcestershire, England. Elinor was born about 1252 and died in 1282 about age 30. Another name for Elinor was Eleanor de Montfort.

Marriage Notes: From: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 153: "[By] 1280, Edward [I] was firmly in control of his Welsh territories, which were far more extensive than those of any previous occupant of the throne of England. Llywelyn's behaviour toward the king was punctiliously correct; he made homage to Edward in December 1277; he married Elinor in the king's presence at Worcester Cathedral in October 1278; he propmptly paid the sums due from him under the Treaty of Aberconwy and in his letters he fully acknowledged Edward's suzerainty."

Noted events in their marriage were:

• Marriage by Proxy: to Llywelyn II, 1275. From: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, pp. 130-150: "After Dafydd's defection [in 1274], and possibly as a reaction to it, a plan, perhaps originally aired in 1265, was resurrected--marriage between Llywelyn and Elinor, a daughter of Simon de Montfort. Elinor's lineage was highly distinguished; among her uncles were a king of England, a king of France and a Holy Roman Emperor. Nevertheless, by 1275, when a proxy marriage took place, there was no political advantage to the union, for the opposition movement which her father had led was moribund. The king of England took the view that the marriage was a plot to rekindle dissension within his kingdom, and such a notion may also have been present in Llywelyn's mind. Elinor sailed from France to Wales in 1275, but the seizure of her ship led to her imprisonment at Windsor [where she was to remain until her release after Llywelyn paid homage to Edward I in December 1277]."

Research Notes: Source: Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912.

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, Issued by the Powys-Land Club for the Use of Its Members, London, 1880, p. 122 has "Eleanor, dau. to Simon Mountford, Earl of Leicester."

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, line 260-31, has "b. abt. Michaelmas 1252, d. 1282; m. 13 Oct. 1278, Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, son of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, d. 1 Mar. 1244, the son of LLYWELYN AP IORWERTH (176B-27), by Senena, perh. of Man."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 161 F    i. Catherine verch Llewellyn Gryffyth .

+ 162 F    ii. Gwenllian ferch Llewelyn ap Gruffudd .

139. Davydd ap Gruffudd (Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1283.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Llywelyn the Great
-----
From "Dafydd Goch ap Dafydd - His Real Ancestry" by Darrell Wolcott (http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id51.html):
"The intentions of King Edward I in 1283 seem clear enough; he was intent on total extermination of the Gwynedd princely family which had long resisted his authority over Wales. When Llewelyn ap Gruffudd was finally killed in Brecon, his brother Dafydd had taken up the fallen crown. While he had a few diehard supporters with whose assistance he tried to continue resistance to the English army, many former allies of his brother had lost their will to pursue what they now saw as a losing cause. When Castell y Bere in Meirionydd, where many believe Dafydd had planned his last stand, was surrendered without a fight in April of 1283, Dafydd went into hiding. He was finally captured in late June, his location betrayed by a cleric, Iorwereth of Llan-faes. His youngest son, Owain, was taken in his father [in late June 1283]. About a week later, his eldest son Llewelyn was found and both boys were taken to the prison in Bristol. Not finished yet, the king sent the young unmarried daughters of both Llewelyn the Last and Dafydd ap Gruffudd to involuntary seclusion for training as nuns. Gwenllian ferch Llewelyn ap Gruffudd was sent to the Gilbertine nunnery at Sempringham, while the unnamed daughter or daughters of Dafydd ap Grufudd were sent to the priory at Sixhills. This insured they would never bear sons to become a future problem for the crown of England; the family had thus been made extinct."



140. Katherine verch Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1). Another name for Katherine was Katherine verch Griffith ap Llewelyn Ierworth.

Research Notes: Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII. (London, 1880), "The Tanat Pedigree", p. 122 - "Ierworth Vychan ap Ierworth Hen. (The like.) = Katherine, dau. of Griffith ap Llewelyn Ierworth. (The like.)"

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, Issued by the Powys-Land Club for the Use of Its Members, London, 1880, p. 122

Katherine married Iorwerth Vychan ap Iorwerth Gam ap Owain, son of Iorwerth Hên ap Owain ap Bleddyn and Ankarett verch Griffith ap Melior,. Another name for Iorwerth was Ierworth Vychan ap Ierworth Hen.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 506

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII. (London, 1880), "The Tanat Pedigree", p. 122 - "Ierworth Vychan ap Ierworth Hen. (The like.) = Katherine, dau. of Griffith ap Llewelyn Ierworth. (The like.)"


The child from this marriage was:

+ 163 M    i. Iorwerth Voel ap Iorwerth Vychan .

141. Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd (Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire120, Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1). Another name for Gwenhwyvar was Gwen verch Ieuan ap Gruffydd.

Research Notes: Source: Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 362 - Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd.

But whose wife was she (see below)?

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV (London, 1884), p. 341, places Gwen as the wife of Gwilym ab Gruffydd ab Heilin (swapped with Eva verch Gruffydd ap David). "Gwen, d. of Ieuan ab Gruffydd ab Madog Ddû of cpoa'r Goleuneu in Tegeingl, ab Rhirid ab Llywelyn ab Owain ab Edwyn ab Goronwy."

Gwenhwyvar married Gruffydd ap Heilen, son of Heilen ap Tudor and Agnes verch Bleddyn ap Owain Brogyntyn,. Gruffydd was born about 1275. Other names for Gruffydd were Griffith ap Heilen and Gruffydd ap Heilyn.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I, London, 1847, p. 736 has:

"The eldest son [of Heilin ap Tudor and Agnes verch Bloddyn], GRIFFITH AP HEILIN, was father of GWILYM AP GRIFFITH, living 26 EDWARD III., who m. Efa, dau. of Griffith ap David, of Cochwillan, eldest son of Tudor ap Madoc, Lord of Penrhyn, in Caernarvon, (who d. about 1284,) grandson of Yarddyr ap Cynddelw, Lord of Uchaf, and had two sons, 1. Bleddyn ap Gwilym... 2. Griffith ap Gwilym, of Penrhyn"

Was Gwen his wife? Or was she Eva (i.e., swapped)? Swapping them (Eva as wife of Gruffydd ap Heilen) would bring Penrhyn and Cwchwillan into the family one generation sooner and the following would therefore make sense:

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV (London, 1884), p. 341 -- "Gruffydd ab Heilin, jure usoris of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan."


The child from this marriage was:

+ 164 M    i. Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Heilen, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan was born about 1300 and died after 1353.

142. Gruffydd ap Heilen (Heilen ap Tudor121, Adlais verch Richard ap Cadwaladr94, Richard ap Cadwaladr70, Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd ap Cynan54, Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl44, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1275. Other names for Gruffydd were Griffith ap Heilen and Gruffydd ap Heilyn.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I, London, 1847, p. 736 has:

"The eldest son [of Heilin ap Tudor and Agnes verch Bloddyn], GRIFFITH AP HEILIN, was father of GWILYM AP GRIFFITH, living 26 EDWARD III., who m. Efa, dau. of Griffith ap David, of Cochwillan, eldest son of Tudor ap Madoc, Lord of Penrhyn, in Caernarvon, (who d. about 1284,) grandson of Yarddyr ap Cynddelw, Lord of Uchaf, and had two sons, 1. Bleddyn ap Gwilym... 2. Griffith ap Gwilym, of Penrhyn"

Was Gwen his wife? Or was she Eva (i.e., swapped)? Swapping them (Eva as wife of Gruffydd ap Heilen) would bring Penrhyn and Cwchwillan into the family one generation sooner and the following would therefore make sense:

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV (London, 1884), p. 341 -- "Gruffydd ab Heilin, jure usoris of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan."

Gruffydd married Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd, daughter of Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire and Unknown,. Another name for Gwenhwyvar was Gwen verch Ieuan ap Gruffydd.

Research Notes: Source: Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 362 - Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd.

But whose wife was she (see below)?

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV (London, 1884), p. 341, places Gwen as the wife of Gwilym ab Gruffydd ab Heilin (swapped with Eva verch Gruffydd ap David). "Gwen, d. of Ieuan ab Gruffydd ab Madog Ddû of cpoa'r Goleuneu in Tegeingl, ab Rhirid ab Llywelyn ab Owain ab Edwyn ab Goronwy."

(Duplicate Line. See Person 141)

143. Goronwy ap Heilin (Heilen ap Tudor121, Adlais verch Richard ap Cadwaladr94, Richard ap Cadwaladr70, Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd ap Cynan54, Angharad verch Owain ap Edwin, of Tegeingl44, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV (London, 1884), p. 341.

144. Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex 98 (Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born by 1208, died on 24 Sep 1275 in Warwickshire, England at age 67, and was buried in Llanthony Secunda, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-28, "2nd Earl of Hereford and after div. of his mother 1236, 7th Earl of Essex, Constable of England, sheriff of Kent."

From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.136:

"In the wake of the dismemberment of the de Breos empire [after the hanging of William de Breos in 1230], the Bohun and Cantelupe families joined the ranks of the leading Marcher Lords..."
--------
From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford :

Humphrey de Bohun (1208 or bef. 1208 - Warwickshire , 24 September 1275 ) was 2nd Earl of Hereford and 1st Earl of Essex , as well as Constable of England . He was the son of Henry de Bohun, 1st Earl of Hereford and Maud of Essex.

Career
He was one of the nine godfathers of Prince Edward , later to be Edward I of England .
After returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land , he was one of the writers of the Provisions of Oxford in 1258.

Marriage and children
He married c. 1236 Mahaut or Maud de Lusignan (c. 1210 - 14 August 1241 , buried at Llanthony, Gloucester ), daughter of Raoul I of Lusignan , Comte d'Eu by marriage, and second wife Alix d'Eu, 8th Comtesse d'Eu and 4th Lady of Hastings, and had issue. Their children were:
Humphrey de Bohun, predeceased his father in 1265.
Alice de Bohun , married Roger V de Toeni
Maud de Bohun , married (1) Anselm Marshal, 6th Earl of Pembroke ; (2) Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester

Death & burial
He died in 1275 and was buried at Llanthony Secunda , Gloucester .

Noted events in his life were:

• 7th Earl of Essex: 1236. After div. of his mother

• Constable of England:

• Sheriff of Kent:

Humphrey married Mahaut de Lusignan,116 daughter of Raoul I de Lusignan and Alice d'Eu, Countess of Eu, Lady of Hastings, about 1236. Mahaut was born about 1210, died on 14 Aug 1241 about age 31, and was buried in Llanthony Secunda, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England. Other names for Mahaut were Maud d'Eu and Maud de Lusignan.

Research Notes: First wife of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-28 (Humphrey V de Bohun).


Children from this marriage were:

+ 165 M    i. Humphrey VI de Bohun 117 died about 4 Aug 1265 in Battle of Evesham, Evesham, Worcestershire, England.

+ 166 F    ii. Alice de Bohun .118

+ 167 F    iii. Maud de Bohun .118

145. William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp 100 (Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1210 and died in 1269 about age 59. Another name for William was William de Beauchamp of Elmley Castle, Worcestershire.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick :
His father was William de Beauchamp of Elmley Castle , his mother, Isabel Mauduit, sister and heiress of William Mauduit, 8th Earl of Warwick .

Noted events in his life were:

• 5th Baron Beauchamp:

• Will: 7 Jan 1269.

William married Isabel Mauduit,119 daughter of William Mauduit, Lord of Hanslope & Hartley Mauduit, Bucks. and Alice de Beaumont,. Isabel was born about 1214, died before 1268, and was buried in Nunnery of Cokehill, Worcestershire, England.

Research Notes: From William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick :
His father was William de Beauchamp of Elmley Castle , his mother, Isabel Mauduit, sister and heiress of William Mauduit, 8th Earl of Warwick .
-----
From William Maudit, 8th Earl of Warwick :
He was the son of Alice de Beaumont (daughter of the 4th Earl) and William de Maudit, and so was the grandson of Waleran de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Warwick . His father was the lord of Hanslape and hereditary chamberlain of the exchequer, a title that went back to another William Maudit who held that office for Henry I .
He died without issue and the estates then passed to his sister Isabel de Maudit who had married William de Beauchamp. She died shortly after Warwick's death and the title passed to their son William .


Children from this marriage were:

+ 168 M    i. William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick 120 was born about 1237 in Elmley Castle, Worcestershire, England, died on 9 Jun 1298 in Elmley Castle, Worcestershire, England about age 61, and was buried in Grey Friars, Worcestershire, England.

+ 169 M    ii. John De Beauchamp 121 was born about 1248 in Elmley Castle, Elmley, Worcestershire, England and died after 1298.

William next married Maud de Braose,114 daughter of William de Braose, , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny and Eve Marshal, in 1151 in Gower, Glamorganshire, Wales. Maud was born in 1224 in <Gower, Glamorganshire>, Wales, died before 23 Mar 1301 in Herefordshire, England, and was buried in Wigmore Abbey, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England.

Research Notes: 2nd daughter and co-heiress of William de Braose and Eve Marshall.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 67-29
-------
From Wikipedia - Maud de Braose, Baroness Wigmore :

Maud de Braose, Baroness Wigmore (1224- 1300/23 March 1301)[1] was a noble heiress and a member of the powerful de Braose family which held many lordships and domains in the Welsh Marches . She was the wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore , a celebrated soldier and Marcher baron. A staunch Royalist during the Second Barons' War , it was she who devised the plan to rescue Prince Edward (the future King Edward I of England ) from the custody of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester .[2]

Family
Maud was born in Wales in 1224, the second eldest daughter and co-heiress of Marcher lord William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny and Eva Marshal .

Maud had three sisters, Isabella , wife of Prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn ; Eleanor , wife of Humphrey de Bohun; and Eve, wife of William de Cantelou.
Her paternal grandparents were Reginald de Braose, 9th Baron Abergavenny and Grecia de Briwere. Her maternal grandparents were William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke , daughter of Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster .
On 2 May 1230, when Maud was just six years old, her father was hanged by orders of Llewelyn the Great , Prince of Wales for alleged adultery with the latter's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales .

Marriage and children
In 1247[3] Maud married Roger Mortimer of Wigmore. As the eldest son of Ralph de Mortimer and his Welsh wife, Princess Gwladys Ddu , Roger was himself a scion of another important Marcher family, and had succeeded his father in 1246, upon the latter's death. He was created 1st Baron Wigmore on an unknown date. Maud was seven years his senior, and they had been betrothed since childhood. On the occasion of their marriage, the honour of Radnor passed from the de Braose to the Mortimer family.[4] Her marriage portion was some land at Tetbury which she inherited from her grandfather, Reginald de Braose.[5]She also had inherited the Manor of Charlton sometime before her marriage.[6] Roger and Maud's principal residence was the Mortimers' family seat, Wigmore Castle in Herefordshire .

Roger and Maud together had seven children:[7]
Ralph Mortimer (died before 10 August 1274), Sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire .
Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Wigmore (1251-17 July 1304), married Margaret de Fiennes , daughter of William II de Fiennes and Blanche de Brienne , by whom he had issue, including Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March .
Isabella Mortimer (died after 1300), married firstly, John Fitzalan, 7th Earl of Arundel , by whom she had issue; she married secondly, Ralph d'Arderne; she married thirdly, Robert de Hastang.[8]
Margaret Mortimer (died September 1297), married Robert de Vere, 6th Earl of Oxford , by whom she had one son.
Roger Mortimer of Chirk (died 3 August 1336 Tower of London ), married Lucy de Wafre, by whom he had one son. He was sentenced to life imprisonment for having participated in the rebellion of Thomas of Lancaster in 1321.
Geoffrey Mortimer (died before 1282), he was unmarried.
William Mortimer (died before June 1297), married as her first husband, Hawise de Muscegros.

Rescue of Prince Edward
Maud was described as beautiful and nimble-witted.[9]During the Second Barons' War , she also proved to be a staunch Royalist. It was Maud herself who devised a plan for the escape of Prince Edward after he had been taken hostage by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester following the Battle of Lewes . On 28 May 1265, when the Prince was held in custody at Hereford Castle , Maud sent a party of horsemen to spirit him away to Wigmore Castle while he was out in the open fields, some distance from the castle, taking exercise by racing horses with his unsuspecting guardians as she had instructed him to do in the messages she had smuggled to him previously. At a signal from one of the horsemen, Edward galloped off to join the party of his liberators, where they escorted him to Wigmore Castle, twenty miles away, where Maud was waiting. She gave the Prince refreshments before sending him on to Ludlow Castle [10]where he met up with the Earl of Gloucester who had defected to the side of the King .
At the Battle of Evesham on 4 August 1265, Maud's husband Roger fought on the side of Prince Edward, and personally killed Simon de Montfort. As a reward, Roger was given de Montfort's severed head and other parts of his anatomy. Roger sent these gruesome trophies home to Wigmore Castle as a gift to Maud.[11]She held a great feast that very night to celebrate the victory. De Montfort's head was raised in the Great Hall, still attached to the point of the lance.[12]

Descendants
In 1300, Maud is recorded as having presented to a vacant benefice in the Stoke Bliss parish church in Herefordshire , its advowson having originally belonged to the Mortimers, but was bequeathed to Limebrook Priory by Roger.[13] Maud died on an unknown date sometime between 1300 and 23 March 1301. She was buried in Wigmore Abbey . Her husband Roger had died on 30 October 1282.

All the monarchs of England from 1413, as well as Mary, Queen of Scots , were directly descended from Maud, as is the current British Royal Family . Queen consorts Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard were also notable descendants of Maud de Braose through the latter's daughter Isabella, Countess of Arundel.

146. Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby 102 (William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1193 in <Derbyshire>, England, died on 28 Mar 1254 in Evington, Leicestershire, England about age 61, and was buried on 31 Mar 1254 in Merevale Abbey, Merevale, Warwickshire, England.

Birth Notes: FamilySearch has b. abt 1200

Death Notes: FamilySearch has d. 24 Mar 1254

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby :

William III de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby (1193 - 28 March 1254), was an English nobleman and head of a family which controlled a large part of Derbyshire including an area known as Duffield Frith .
He was born in Derbyshire , England, the son of William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby and Agnes of Chester , a daughter of Hugh of Kevelioc , Earl of Chester and Bertrada de Montfort. He succeeded to the title in 1247, on the death of his father and, after doing homage to King Henry III , he had livery of Chartley Castle and other lands of his mother's inheritance. He had accompanied King Henry to France in 1230 and sat in parliament in London in the same year.
He had many favours granted to him by the king, among them the right of free warren in Beaurepair (Belper ), Makeney , Winleigh (Windley ), Holbrooke , Siward (Southwood near Coxbench), Heyhegh (Heage ) Cortelegh (Corkley, in the parish of Muggington ), Ravensdale , Holland (Hulland ), and many other places,[1]
Like his father, he suffered from gout from youth, and always traveled in a litter. He was accidentally thrown from his litter into water, while crossing a bridge, at St Neots , in Huntingdon and although he escaped immediate death, yet he never recovered from the effects of the accident. He died on 28 March 1254, after only seven years, and was succeeded by his son Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby .

Earl William Ferrers' effigy in Merevale Abbey
William de Ferrers is buried at Merevere Abbey , Warwickshire , England. His widow died on 12 March 1280.
Family and Children

William Ferrers married Sibyl Marshal , one of the daughters and co-heirs of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke . They had seven daughters:
Agnes Ferrers (died 11 May 1290), married William de Vesci.
Isabel Ferrers (died before 26 November 1260), married (1) Gilbert Basset, of Wycombe, and (2) Reginald de Mohun
Maud Ferrers (died 12 March 1298), married (1) Simon de Kyme, and (2) William de Vivonia, and (3) Amaury IX of Rochechouart.
Sibyl Ferrers, married Sir Francis or Franco de Bohun, an ancestor of Daniel Boone. (it is her aunt Sibyl, sister of William, who married John de Vipont , Lord of Appleby)
Joan Ferrers (died 1267), married to:
John de Mohun;
Robert Aguillon
Agatha Ferrers (died May 1306), married Hugh Mortimer, of Chelmarsh .
Eleanor Ferrers (died 16 October 1274), married to:
William de Vaux;
Roger de Quincy, Earl of Winchester ;
Roger de Leybourne, but had no issue
In 1238, he married Margaret de Quincy (born 1218), daughter of Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester and Helen of Galloway . Bizarrely, Margaret was both the stepmother and stepdaughter of William's daughter, Eleanor. The earl and Margaret had the following children:
Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby , his successor. He married:
Mary de Lusignan, daughter of Hugh XI of Lusignan , Count of Angoulême , and niece of King Henry III , by whom he had no issue;
Alianore de Bohun, daughter of Humphrey VI de Bohun , per Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines 57-30 & 68-29.
William Ferrers obtained, by gift of Margaret, his mother, the manor of Groby in Leicestershire , assuming the arms of the family of De Quincy. He married:
Anne Durward , daughter of Alan Durward [2]; their son was William de Ferrers, 1st Baron Ferrers of Groby .
Eleanor, daughter of Matthew Lovaine.
Joan Ferrers (died 19 March 1309) married Thomas de Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley .
Agnes Ferrers married Sir Robert de Muscegros (aka Robert de Musgrove ), Lord of Kemerton , Boddington & Deerhurst .
Elizabeth Ferrers , married to:
William Marshal , 2nd Baron Marshal;
Prince Dafydd ap Gruffydd

William married Margaret de Quincy,122 daughter of Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester and Helen, of Galloway, about 1238. Margaret was born in 1218 in <Winchester>, Hampshire, England and died on 12 Mar 1280 at age 62.

Research Notes: 2nd wife of William de Ferrers.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 170 F    i. Agnes de Ferrers 123 died after 9 May 1281.

+ 171 M    ii. Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby 124 was born in 1239 and died in 1279 at age 40.

+ 172 F    iii. Joan de Ferrers 125 was born about 1248 in Derbyshire, England, died on 19 Mar 1309 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England about age 61, and was buried in St. Augustine's, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.

William next married Sibyl Marshal,126 daughter of Sir William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, by 14 may 1219 in <Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales>. Sibyl was born in 1209 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales, was christened in 1209 in St. David's, Pembrokeshire, Wales, and died on 27 Apr 1245 at age 36.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 173 F    i. Matilda de Ferrers 127 was born about 1228 in Derbyshire, England and died on 12 Mar 1299 about age 71.

+ 174 F    ii. Joan de Ferrers 128 was born about 1232 in Derbyshire, England and died in Oct 1267 about age 35.

147. William de Braose, , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny 104 (Reynold de Braose126, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1204 in <Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales> and died on 2 May 1230 in <Crogen>, Wales about age 26. Another name for William was William de Braiose.

Death Notes: Hanged by orders of Llewelyn the Great , Prince of Wales for alleged adultery with the latter's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales .

Research Notes: Wikipedia (Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford)

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 177-8
-------
From http://www.castlewales.com/kington.html :
In 1201 King John "Softsword" (1199-1216) granted Kington Castle and Barony to his favourite Marcher Baron, William Braose of Radnor, Abergavenny and Brecon (d.1210) for the service of just ½ a knight! William in any case had been holding Kington Castle for many years in his capacity as Sheriff of Hereford. Early in 1208 King John demanded the castle back from William in a dispute over money and loyalty. The now aging Marcher baron complied, but soon afterwards with his 4 sons in attendance attacked the castle in a futile bid to retake it. With this action of defiance the Braose Clan were forced to flee to Ireland, and many met a terrible fate at the hands of King John.

In 1213 King John granted Kington Castle to his close supporter, Roger Clifford, and in May or June of 1215 the castle probably fell to the two remaining Braose brothers, sons of the great William Braose who had died in exile at Paris in 1210. In late July 1216 King John appeared at Hereford with an army and then marched on Hay on Wye. Here he called the last remaining Braose brother, Reginald, to him and offered him beneficial terms of peace. Reginald ignored the plea and John in vengeance burned the Braose town and castle of Hay on Wye. He then marched north through the Principality of Elfael to Kington and destroyed the castle and town on 4 August before continuing on his destructive path through the Braose Marcher territories. So ended the history of Kington Castle. The town eventually recovered on a new site down in the valley away from the castle and church, but no further fortifications were made at Kington. Instead, Reginald Braose, when he regained the favour of John's son, King Henry III (1216-72) in 1217 began a new fortress at Huntington to replace the now utterly destroyed Kington Castle.
-----
From Wikipedia - William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny :

William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny (c. 1197 to 1204 - 2 May 1230) was the son of Reginald de Braose by his first wife, Grecia de Briwere (born 1186) from Stoke in Devon . He was the tenth Baron Abergavenny and an ill-fated member of a powerful and long lived dynasty of Marcher Lords .

Dynastic history
William de Braose was born in Brecon . The Welsh, who detested him and his family name, called him Gwilym Ddu, Black William. He succeeded his father in his various lordships in 1227, including Abergavenny and Builth .

Marriage and children
William married Lady Eva Marshal , daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke . They had four daughters:
Isabella de Braose (born c. 1222), wife of Prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn
Maud de Braose (born c. 1224 - 1301), wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore another very powerful Marcher dynasty.
Eleanor de Braose (c. 1226 - 1251), wife of Humphrey de Bohun and mother of Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford .
Eve de Braose (c. 1227- July 1255), wife of William de Cantelou .

Career
He was captured by the Welsh forces of Llywelyn the Great , leader (Welsh, "Tywysog ") of most of Wales , in fighting in the commote of Ceri near Montgomery , in 1228. William was ransomed for the sum of £2,000 and then furthermore made an alliance with Llywelyn, arranging to marry his daughter Isabella de Braose to Llywelyn's only legitimate son Dafydd ap Llywelyn .
However on a later visit to Llywelyn during Easter 1230 William de Braose was found in Llywelyn's private bedchamber with Llywelyn's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales .

Execution
The Chronicle of Ystrad Fflur 's entry for 1230 reads:
"In this year William de Breos the Younger, lord of Brycheiniog, was hanged by the Lord Llywelyn in Gwynedd, after he had been caught in Llywelyn's chamber with the king of England's daughter, Llywelyn's wife."
Llywelyn had William publicly hanged on 2 May 1230, probably at Crogen near Bala.

Legacy
With William's death by hanging and his having four daughters, who divided the de Braose inheritance between them and no male heir, the titles now passed to the junior branch of the de Braose dynasty, the only male heir was now John de Braose who had already inherited the titles of Gower and Bramber from his far-sighted uncle Reginald de Braose .
William's wife Eva continued to hold de Braose lands and castles in her own right, after the death of her husband. She was listed as the holder of Totnes in 1230, and was granted 12 marks to strengthen Hay Castle by King Henry III on the Close Rolls (1234-1237).



William married Eve Marshal,129 daughter of Sir William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, on 2 May 1230 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales. Eve was born about 1194 in Pembroke Castle, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales, died before 1246 in England, and was buried in Llanthony Priory, Monmouthshire, Wales. Other names for Eve were Eva Marshall and Eve Marshall.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Eva Marshal :

Eva Marshal, Baroness Abergavenny (1203 -1246 ) was a Cambro-Norman noblewoman and the wife of the powerful Marcher lord William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny . She was the granddaughter of Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster .

She held de Braose lands and castles in her own right following the public hanging of her husband by the orders of Llywelyn the Great , Prince of Wales .

Family
Lady Eva was born in 1203, in Pembroke Castle , Pembrokeshire , Wales, the fifth daughter[1] and tenth child of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke . Her paternal grandparents were John Marshal and Sibyl of Salisbury. Her maternal grandparents were Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke , known to history as Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster .

Lady Eva was the youngest of ten children, having had five older brothers and four older sisters. Eva and her sisters were described as being handsome, high-spirited girls.[2]

Sometime before 1221, she married Marcher lord William de Braose, who in June 1228 became the 10th Baron Abergavenny, and by whom she had four daughters. William was the son of Reginald de Braose and his first wife Grecia de Briwere. He was much hated by the Welsh who called him Gwilym Ddu or Black William.

List of children
Isabella de Braose (b.1222), married Prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn . She died childless.
Maud de Braose (1224 -1301 , in 1247, she married Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore , by whom she had issue, including Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Mortimer and Isabella Mortimer, Countess of Arundel.
Eve de Braose (1227- 28 July 1255), married William de Cantelou, by whom she had issue.
Eleanor de Braose (c.1228-1251 ). On an unknown date after August 1241, she married Humphrey de Bohun. They had two sons, Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and Gilbert de Bohun, and one daughter, Alianore de Bohun. All three children married and had issue. Eleanor was buried in Llanthony Priory.

Widowhood
Eva's husband, Baron Abergavenny was publicly hanged by Llywelyn the Great , Prince of Wales on 2 May 1230 after being discovered in the Prince's bedchamber together with his wife Joan, Lady of Wales . Shortly afterwards, Eva's eldest daughter Isabella married the Prince's son, Dafydd ap Llywelyn, as their marriage contract had been signed prior to Baron Abergavenny's death.

Following her husband's execution, Eva held de Braose lands and castles in her own right. She is listed as holder of Totnes in 1230, which she held until her death. It is recorded on the Close Rolls (1234-1237) that Eva was granted 12 marks by King Henry III of England to strengthen Hay Castle . She had gained custody of Hay as part of her dower .

She died in 1246 at the age of forty-three. Eva was the direct ancestress of Anne Boleyn , Mary Boleyn , and Jane Seymour ; and she has numerous descendants in the 21st century.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 175 F    i. Isabella de Braose 130 was born about 1222 and died about 1248 about age 26.

+ 176 F    ii. Maud de Braose 114 was born in 1224 in <Gower, Glamorganshire>, Wales, died before 23 Mar 1301 in Herefordshire, England, and was buried in Wigmore Abbey, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England.

+ 177 F    iii. Eve de Braose, of Abergavenny 131 was born about 1227 in <Bramber, Sussex>, England and died before 28 Jul 1255.

+ 178 F    iv. Eleanor de Braose 132 was born about 1228 in Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales, died in 1251 about age 23, and was buried in Llanthony Priory, Monmouthshire, Wales.

148. Petronilla de Lacy 106 (Margeret de Braose127, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1195 in <Meath, Ireland> and died after 25 Nov 1288. Another name for Petronilla was Pernel de Lacy.

Petronilla married Ralph de Toeni,133 son of Roger de Toeni and Constance de Beaumont, before 1234. Ralph was born about 1190 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died about 29 Sep 1239 about age 49.

Death Notes: Died at sea.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 179 M    i. Ralph de Toeni 133 was born about 1255 in England and died before 29 Jul 1295 in France.

149. Gilbert de Lacy, of Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire 107 (Margeret de Braose127, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1202 and died on 25 Dec 1230 about age 28.

Research Notes: First husband of Isabel Bigod.

Noted events in his life were:

• and of Trim and Weobley:

Gilbert married Isabel Bigod,134 daughter of Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk and Maud Marshal, in 1225. Isabel was born about 1212 in Thetford, Norfolk, England and died in 1250 about age 38.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Isabel Bigod :

Isabel Bigod (c.1212- 1250), was an English noblewoman, the only daughter of Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk .[1] She was the wife of Gilbert de Lacy, of Ewyas Lacy, and John FitzGeoffrey , Lord of Shere.

Family
Isabel was born in Thetford, Norfolk in about 1212, the only daughter of Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk, a Magna Carta surety, and Maud Marshal (1192- 27 March 1248). Her paternal grandparents were Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk and Ida de Tosny, a former mistress of King Henry II of England . Her maternal grandparents were William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke . She had four brothers including Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk and Hugh Bigod . She also had two younger half-siblings John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey and Isabelle de Warenne, by her mother's second marriage to William de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey . Isabel's father had died in 1225.

Marriages and children
In 1225, the year of her father's death, Isabel married her first husband, Gilbert de Lacy , of Ewyas Lacy (c.1202- 25 December 1230). He was the son of Walter de Lacy , Lord of Trim Castle and Ludlow Castle , and Margaret de Braose. Gilbert and Isabel's chief residence was Ewyas Lacy in Herefordshire ; however, they spent the last two years of their marriage on his father's estates in Ireland , where their youngest child, Maud was born, and Gilbert would shortly afterwards die. Together they had three children:[2]

Walter de Lacy (died early 1241) Margery de Lacy (1228, Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire- 1256), married before 14 May 1244 John de Verdun, Lord of Westmeath by whom she had issue. Maud de Lacy (1230, Dublin , Ireland[3]- 11 April 1304 Trim Castle, Ireland), married firstly Pierre de Geneve, by whom she had issue; in 1252, she married secondly Geoffrey de Geneville, 1st Baron Geneville , Seigneur de Vaucouleurs, by whom she had two sons, Geoffrey de Geneville, and Sir Piers de Geneville , father of Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville .

Gilbert died on 25 December 1230 at Trim Castle, in County Meath, Ireland leaving Isabel a widow at the age of eighteen with three small children. Sometime before 12 April 1234, Isabel married her second husband, John FitzGeoffrey , Lord of Shere, Justiciar of Ireland . The marriage produced six children:[4][5]
Richard FitzJohn of Shere (died 1297, married Emma
John FitzJohn of Shere (died 1275), married Margery Basset
Maud FitzJohn (died 16/18 April 1301), married firstly Gerald de Furnivalle, Lord of Hallamshire; she married secondly William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick , by whom she had issue.
Aveline FitzJohn (died c.20 May 1274), married Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster , by whom she had issue including Richard Og de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster .
Joan FitzJohn (died 4 April 1303), married Theobald le Botiller (1242- 1285 of Thurles , Nenagh , by whom she had issue. Joan and Theobald were the ancestors of the Butler Earls of Ormond .
Isabel FitzJohn, married Robert de Vispont, Lord of Westmoreland by whom she had two daughters.
In early 1241, Isabel's eldest son by her first husband died. Upon the death of her former father-in-law, Walter de Lacy shortly afterwards on 24 February, the vast de Lacy estates and lordships were passed down to Margery and Maud, her daughters by Gilbert. Their marriages were personally arranged by King Henry III to ensure that the estates they inherited were retained in the hands of trusted servants of the Crown.[6]
Isabel Bigod died in 1250. She was about thirty-eight years old. Her second husband John died eight years later.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 180 F    i. Maud de Lacy 135 was born in 1230 in Dublin, Leinster, Ireland and died on 11 Apr 1304 in Trim Castle, Meath, Ireland at age 74.

+ 181 M    ii. Walter de Lacy died in 1241.

+ 182 F    iii. Margery de Lacy 136 was born in 1228 in Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire and died in 1256 at age 28.

150. Alice de Harcourt 109 (Robert de Harcourt, of Stanton-Harcourt, Oxfordshire128, Avelina Agnes de Braose100, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died after 1212.

Research Notes: 2nd wife of Waleran de Beaumont; Waleran de Beaumont was her 2nd husband.

Alice married Waleran de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Warwick,137 son of Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick and Gundred de Warenne, about 1196. Waleran was born before 1153 and died on 24 Dec 1204. Another name for Waleran was Walerian de Newburg.

Death Notes: Ancestral Roots, Line 84-26, has: "d. 24 Dec. 1203 or bef. 13 Oct. 1204"

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Waleran de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Warwick :

Waleran de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Warwick (1153 - 12 December 1204 ) was the younger son of Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick and Gundred de Warrenne , daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth de Vermandois . He was also known as Walerian de Newburg.

After his brother 's death an impostor arose, claiming to be the deceased Earl; he gave Waleran a great deal of trouble in maintaining his claim. He does not appear to have been a great soldier, for he paid scutage money to escape military service in Wales . His position in the Court is attested by his bearing the right hand Sword of State at the Coronation of King John , 27 May 1199 .

He liberally supported the hospital of St. Michael's Hospital, Warwick and gave to the nuns of Pinley land at Claverdon , and land at Brailes to the nuns at Wroxall, Warwickshire .


Family and children
He married first to Margery, daughter of Henry d'Oily and Maud de Bohun and had children:
Henry de Beaumont, 5th Earl of Warwick , his heir.
Waleran de Beaumont of Gretham and Cotismore .
Gundred de Beaumont. She and her cousin Mabel became nuns at the Abbey of Pinley .

His second wife was Alice de Harcourt, widow of John de Limesy, Lord of Cavendish, daughter of Robert de Harcourt and had one child:
Alice de Beaumont (died before 1263), married William de Maudit , Baron of Hanslape , Chamberlain to the King. They children were:
William Maudit, 8th Earl of Warwick ;
Isabel de Maudit , married William de Beauchamp , Baron Emley. Their son was William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick .


The child from this marriage was:

+ 183 F    i. Alice de Beaumont 138 died between 1246 and 1263.

151. Richard de Harcourt (Robert de Harcourt, of Stanton-Harcourt, Oxfordshire128, Avelina Agnes de Braose100, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1182.

Richard married Arabella de Quincy,139 daughter of Saher IV de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester and Margaret de Beaumont,. Arabella was born in 1186 and died in 1258 at age 72.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 184 F    i. Emma de Harcourt 140 was born in 1187 in Defford, Worcestershire, England and died in 1265 at age 78.

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152. Gronwy ap Ieuan, of Havod y Wern (Ieuan ap Gronwy, of Hafod-y-Wern129, Gronwy ap Hwfa, of Hafod-y-Wern101, Hwfa ap Iorwerth, of Hafod-y-Wern82, Iorwerth Vychan ap Ieuaf, of Llwynon, co. Denbig59, Ieuaf ap Ninniau47, Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Hafod-y-Wern, (Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales. Other names for Gronwy were Goronwy ap Ieuan of Havod y Wern, Grono ap Ievan of Hafod-y-Wern, and Gronw ap Jevan ap Gronw of Hafod y wern.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg57.htm#1146

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. II (London, 1882) has from Cae Cyriog M.S.; Lewys Dwnn, vol ii:
"Alson, heiress of Havod y Wern, and dau. of Howel ab Ieuan ab Gruffydd of Bersham, and Alson, his second wife, d. and heiress of Howel ab Goronwy of Havod y Wern."

Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 656

Gronwy married Alsion verch Kynrick ap Meredith Ddu, of Anglesey.89

The child from this marriage was:

+ 185 M    i. Hywel ap Gronwy ap Ieuan, of Hafod-y-Wern died in <Hafod-y-Wern, (Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales>.

153. Owain ap Maredudd ap Owain, of Cardigan (Maredudd ap, Lord of Cardigan Uch Ayron130, Owain ap103, Gruffudd ap, Prince of Deheubarth85, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1275.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 254-31

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 80

Owain married Angharad ferch Owain ap Maredudd,141 daughter of Owain ap Maredudd, Lord of Cardigan Is Ayron and Unknown,.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 186 M    i. Llywelyn ap Owain ap Maredudd died in 1309.

154. Rhys-Gloff, Lord of Cymcydmaen (Rhys-Vaughn, Lord of Yestradtywy132, Rhys-Mechyllt, of Llandovery Castle106, Rhys Gwyg ap, Lord of Yestradtywy87, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Welsh Settlement of Pensylvania by Charles H. Browning (Philadelphia, 1912), p. 281.

Rhys-Gloff married someone.

His child was:

+ 187 M    i. Madoc ap Rhys-Gloff .

155. Tudur ap Goronwy 110 (Goronwy ap Tudur Hen, Lord of Penmynydd133, Tudur Hen ap Goronwy107, Goronwy ap Ednyfed Vychan, Lord of Tref-Gastell in Anglesea88, Gwenllian verch Griffith ap Rhys62, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1367.

Tudur married someone.

His child was:

+ 188 M    i. Maredudd ap Tudur 142 died in 1406.

156. Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly 112 (Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1263 in Dublin, Dublin, Ireland and died in 1300 about age 37. Other names for Juliana were Juliana FitzMaurice of Offaly and Juliane FitzMaurice.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Juliana FitzGerald :

Juliana FitzGerald, Lady Thomond (c.1263- 1300), was a Norman -Irish noblewoman, the daughter of Maurice FitzGerald , 3rd Lord of Offaly , and the wife of Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond , a powerful Anglo-Norman baron in Ireland, who was a younger brother of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford . Juliana had a total of three husbands; Thomas was her first. He was the father of her four children.

She is sometimes referred to as Juliane FitzMaurice.

Family
Juliana FitzGerald was born in about 1263 in Dublin , Ireland the eldest daughter of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland (1238- 1287) and his first wife, Maud de Prendergast (born 17 March 1243).[1]She had a younger sister Amabel who died childless. Her first cousin was John FitzGerald, 1st Earl of Kildare . Her paternal grandparents were Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Lord of Offaly (1190- 1257) and Juliana. Her maternal grandparents were Gerald de Prendergast and the unnamed daughter of Richard Mor de Burgh , Lord of Connacht and Egidia de Lacy . Juliana's maternal ancestors included Brian Boru , Dermot McMurrough , and Maud de Braose .

Juliana's mother Maud died on an unknown date. Her father married secondly in 1273, Emmeline Longespee, but fathered no children by her.[2]

Marriages and children
In February 1275, at the age of about twelve years, Juliana married her first husband, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal. He was the second eldest son of Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford , 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy . Thomas was a friend of King Edward I of England , with whom he went on a Crusade . He held many important posts including the Office of Governor of Colchester Castle (1266), Governor of the City of London (1273). He was also the commander of the English forces in Munster , Ireland , and in 1276, he was granted the lordship of Thomond . He was born in 1245, which made him about eighteen years older than Juliana.
Juliana and her husband Thomas resided at Bunratty Castle , which Thomas constructed in stone replacing the earlier wooden structure. Together Thomas and Juliana had four children:[3]

Maud de Clare (1276- 1326/27), married firstly on 3 November 1295 Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford , by whom she had issue; she married secondly after 1314 Robert de Welle.

Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex , 1st Lord Clare (1278- 10 May 1318 at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea ), married a woman by the name of Joan by whom he fathered one son, Thomas.
Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond (3 February 1281- 1307)
Margaret de Clare (c.1 April 1287- 22 October 1333/3 January 1334), married firstly in 1303 Gilbert de Umfraville; she married secondly before 30 June 1308 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere , by whom she had four daughters and one son.

Life at Bunratty Castle was marked by unrest and strife as civil war was waged between rival factions of the powerful O'Brien clan. In 1277, Juliana's husband had his former ally Brian Ruad , the deposed King of Thomond, hanged for treason at Bunratty.[4]

Thomas died on 29 August 1287, leaving Juliana a widow at the age of twenty-four with four small children; the youngest, Margaret was not quite five months old. On an unknown date she married her second husband, Nicholas Avenel. He presumably died before 1292, as that was the year she married her third husband, Adam de Cretynges.

Juliana died in 1300. Her numerous descendants included English kings Henry V , Edward IV , Richard III , Mary, Queen of Scots , Anne Boleyn , Mary Boleyn , and Diana, Princess of Wales . The current British Royal Family directly descend from her, as do most of the other European royal families.



Juliana married Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal,143 son of Sir Richard de Clare, 8th Earl of Clare and Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln, in Feb 1275. Thomas was born about 1245 and died on 29 Aug 1287 about age 42.

Death Notes: Another source has d. Feb 1288.

Research Notes: 2nd son of Maud de Lacy and Sir Richard de Clare. First husband of Juliana FitzGerald.

From Wikipedia - Juliana FitzGerald :

In February 1275, at the age of about twelve years, Juliana married her first husband, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal. He was the second eldest son of Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford , 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy . Thomas was a friend of King Edward I of England , with whom he went on a Crusade . He held many important posts including the Office of Governor of Colchester Castle (1266), Governor of the City of London (1273). He was also the commander of the English forces in Munster , Ireland , and in 1276, he was granted the lordship of Thomond . He was born in 1245, which made him about eighteen years older than Juliana.

Juliana and her husband Thomas resided at Bunratty Castle , which Thomas constructed in stone replacing the earlier wooden structure. Together Thomas and Juliana had four children:[3]
Maud de Clare (1276- 1326/27), married firstly on 3 November 1295 Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford , by whom she had issue; she married secondly after 1314 Robert de Welle.
Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex , 1st Lord Clare (1278- 10 May 1318 at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea ), married a woman by the name of Joan by whom he fathered one son, Thomas.
Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond (3 February 1281- 1307)
Margaret de Clare (c.1 April 1287- 22 October 1333/3 January 1334), married firstly in 1303 Gilbert de Umfraville; she married secondly before 30 June 1308 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere , by whom she had four daughters and one son.

Life at Bunratty Castle was marked by unrest and strife as civil war was waged between rival factions of the powerful O'Brien clan. In 1277, Juliana's husband had his former ally Brian Ruad , the deposed King of Thomond, hanged for treason at Bunratty.[4]
Thomas died on 29 August 1287.

Noted events in his life were:

• Governor of Colchester Castle: 1266.

• Governor of the City of London: 1273.

• Lord of Thomand: 1276.

• Lord of Inchequin and Yougha:

The child from this marriage was:

+ 189 F    i. Margaret de Clare 144 was born about 1 Apr 1287 in Bunratty Castle, Thomond, Ireland and died between 22 Oct 1333 and 8 Jan 1334.

157. Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan (Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog135, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died on 12 Nov 1304. Another name for Madog was Madog ap Gruffyd Maelor.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), Line 249-33 (Elizabeth le Strange)

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, Issued by the Powys-Land Club for the Use of Its Members, London, 1880, p. 123 has "Madoc Vychan ap Madoc Crupl, died, 29 K. Edw. 3rd. (Paly of 8 ar. and gu. a lion ramp. sa)" This differs from the other sources.

Madog married someone.

His child was:

+ 190 M    i. Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan, of Rhuddallt was born on 23 Nov 1298, died after 1343, and was buried in Valle Crucis Abbey, Llantysilio, Denbighshire, Wales.

158. Agnes Arderne (Margaret verch Gruffydd136, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1)

Agnes married John Whetenhall.145

The child from this marriage was:

+ 191 F    i. Margaret Whetenhall

159. Isabella de Mortimer 99 (Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died before 1 Apr 1292. Other names for Isabella were Isabel de Mortimer and Joane de Mortimer.

Death Notes: Wikipedia has d. 1292.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 28-30

Isabella married John FitzAlan, Lord of Clun and Oswestry,146 son of John FitzAlan, Lord of Clun and Oswestry and Maud le Boteler,. John was born on 14 Sep 1246 and died 18 Mar 1271 or 1302 at age 24.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - John FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel :

John FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel (14 September 1246 - 18 March 1272 ) was an English nobleman. He was also feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry in the Welsh Marches .

Family
He was the son of John FitzAlan, 6th Earl of Arundel (d. 1267), and Maud le Boteler , daughter of Theobald le Botiller (or Boteler) and Rohese (or Rohesia) de Verdun. His paternal grandparents were John Fitzalan, Lord of Oswestry and Isabel d'Aubigny. Through his father, FitzAlan was also descended from Alan fitzFlaad , and Llywelyn the Great [citation needed ].

Marriage
Lord Arundel married Isabella Mortimer (died 1292), daughter of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore and Maud de Braose in 1260. They had a son Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel .

References
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 28-30, 77-30, 149-29, 149-30

Noted events in his life were:

• 7th Earl of Arundel:

The child from this marriage was:

+ 192 M    i. Sir Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel 147 was born from 1207 to 3 Feb 1266 and died on 9 Mar 1302 at age 95.

Isabella next married Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire,81 son of Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire and Bertha de Braose, in 1212 in Elmley, Worcestershire, England. Walter was born about 1184 in Elmley, Worcestershire, England and died on 14 Apr 1236 about age 52. Another name for Walter was Walcheline de Beauchamp.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 123)

160. Sir Edmund de Mortimer, 7th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore 115 (Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1261 in <Wigmore, Herefordshire>, England, died on 17 Jul 1304 in Wigmore, Herefordshire, England at age 43, and was buried in Wigmore, Herefordshire, England.

Birth Notes: FamilySearch has b. 1252

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 176B-30

Edmund married Margaret de Fiennes,148 daughter of William de Fiennes and Blanche de Brienne, Lady of Loupeland, about 1280. Margaret was born about 1262 in <Wigmore, Herefordshire>, England and died on 7 Feb 1334 about age 72. Another name for Margaret was Margaret de Fenlis.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 176B-30 (Sir Edmund de Mortimer)


Children from this marriage were:

+ 193 F    i. Isolde de Mortimer 149 was born about 1270 in <Wigmore, Herefordshire>, England and died in 1328 about age 58.

+ 194 M    ii. Sir Roger de Mortimer, 8th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore, 1st Earl of March was born on 25 Apr 1287 and died on 29 Nov 1330 at age 43.

161. Catherine verch Llewellyn Gryffyth (Llywelyn II, Prince of North Wales138, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912, p. 290.

Catherine married Philip ap Ifor, Lord of Is Coed, son of Ifor and Unknown,. Another name for Philip was Philip ap Ivor Lord of Iscoed.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 254-33 (Thomas ap Llewellyn)


The child from this marriage was:

+ 195 F    i. Eleanor ferch Philip ap Ifor was born in 1318.

162. Gwenllian ferch Llewelyn ap Gruffudd (Llywelyn II, Prince of North Wales138, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: From "Dafydd Goch ap Dafydd - His Real Ancestry" by Darrell Wolcott (http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id51.html):
"The intentions of King Edward I in 1283 seem clear enough; he was intent on total extermination of the Gwynedd princely family which had long resisted his authority over Wales. When Llewelyn ap Gruffudd was finally killed in Brecon, his brother Dafydd had taken up the fallen crown... [Dafydd's] youngest son, Owain, was taken in his father [in late June 1283]. About a week later, his eldest son Llewelyn was found and both boys were taken to the prison in Bristol. Not finished yet, the king sent the young unmarried daughters of both Llewelyn the Last and Dafydd ap Gruffudd to involuntary seclusion for training as nuns. Gwenllian ferch Llewelyn ap Gruffudd was sent to the Gilbertine nunnery at Sempringham, while the unnamed daughter or daughters of Dafydd ap Grufudd were sent to the priory at Sixhills. This insured they would never bear sons to become a future problem for the crown of England; the family had thus been made extinct."



163. Iorwerth Voel ap Iorwerth Vychan (Katherine verch Gruffydd ap Llywelyn140, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 506

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII. (London, 1880), "The Tanat Pedigree", p. 122
"Ierworth Voel, son of Ierworth Vychan. (The like) = Gwladys, dau. and one of the heires of Ierworth ap Griffith, etc., Brochwell. (Sa., three nags' heads ar.)"

Iorwerth married Gwladys verch Ierworth ap Griffith. Another name for Gwladys was Gwladys verch Iorwerth ap Gruffydd.

Research Notes: Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII. (London, 1880), "The Tanat Pedigree", p. 122
"Ierworth Voel, son of Ierworth Vychan. (The like) = Gwladys, dau. and one of the heires of Ierworth ap Griffith, etc., Brochwell. (Sa., three nags' heads ar.)"


The child from this marriage was:

+ 196 M    i. Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel, of Pen Gwern .

164. Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Heilen, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan (Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd141, Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire120, Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1300 and died after 1353. Other names for Gwilym were Gwilym ap Griffith and Gwilym ap Griffith ap Heilyn.

Research Notes: Cochwillan adjoins the Penrhyn estate.

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV, London, 1884, p. 341 "Gwilym ab Gruffydd, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan." This source swaps the wives of this Gwilym ab Gruffydd and Gruffydd ap Heilen (Gwen verch Ieuan ab Gruffydd vs. Efa verch Gruffydd ap David).

Which is correct??

Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I, London, 1847, p. 736 has:

"The eldest son [of Heilin ap Tudor and Agnes verch Bloddyn], GRIFFITH AP HEILIN, was father of GWILYM AP GRIFFITH, living 26 EDWARD III., who m. Efa, dau. of Griffith ap David, of Cochwillan, eldest son of Tudor ap Madoc, Lord of Penrhyn, in Caernarvon, (who d. about 1284,) grandson of Yarddyr ap Cynddelw, Lord of Uchaf, and had two sons, 1. Bleddyn ap Gwilym... 2. Griffith ap Gwilym, of Penrhyn"

Source: Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 362, "Gwilym ap Gruffydd, of Cochwillan, living 1353, m. Efa, dau. of Gruffydd ap Tudor of Cochwillan ap Tudor ap Madoc, Lord of Penrhyn, co. of Carnarvon, and grandson of Jarddur ap Cynddelw, Lord of Llechwedd-uchaf, great forester of Snoden, by whom he was father of two sons:-- 1. Gruffydd... 2. Bleddyn ap Gwilym..."

---
From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :
"(1) GWILYM AP GRIFFITH AP HEILYN (third in descent from Tudur ab Ednyfed ), who d. c. 1370, m. (c. 1340) Eva, daughter of Griffith ap Tudur ap Madog ap Iarddur. Her father (d. c. 1310) and brother Gwilym ap Griffith of Llaniestyn, in Anglesey (d. c. 1375) were landowners of some note in Englefield and in various townships in Anglesey (Twrgarw, Penw and Caernarvonshire (Bodfeio). She was probably one of the co-heirs of her brother in 'Gafael Iarddur' in Bodfeio in 1352, and it was almost certainly this marriage which brought Cochwillan to her husband's family, together with a share of her family's lands in Anglesey. By her brother's will, dated 1375, her son, Griffith ap Gwilym (d. 1405 - see (2) below) inherited further lands in Anglesey and Caernarvonshire."

Gwilym married Eva verch Gruffydd ap David, of Cwchwillan, daughter of Gruffydd ap David ap Tudor and Unknown, about 1340. Another name for Eva was Efa verch Griffith ap David of Cochwillan.

Marriage Notes: Source: Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html)

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I, London, 1847, p. 736 has:
"The eldest son [of Heilin ap Tudor and Agnes verch Bloddyn], GRIFFITH AP HEILIN, was father of GWILYM AP GRIFFITH, living 26 EDWARD III., who m. Efa, dau. of Griffith ap David, of Cochwillan, eldest son of Tudor ap Madoc, Lord of Penrhyn, in Caernarvon, (who d. about 1284,) grandson of Yarddyr ap Cynddelw, Lord of Uchaf, and had two sons, 1. Bleddyn ap Gwilym... 2. Griffith ap Gwilym, of Penrhyn"

Was Efa his wife? Or was she Gwen (i.e., swapped)? Swapping them (Eva as wife of Gruffydd ap Heilen) would bring Penrhyn and Cwchwillan into the family one generation sooner.

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV, London, 1884, p. 341, places Eva as the wife of Gruffydd ab Heilin, swapping her with Gwen. From that source re. Eva: "Eva, d. and heiress of Gruffydd ab David ab Tudor ab Madog of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan, son and heir of Iarddur, of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan, Lord of Llecchwedd Uchaf and Creuddyn, and Grand Forester of Snowdon."

----
From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :
"(1) GWILYM AP GRIFFITH AP HEILYN (third in descent from Tudur ab Ednyfed ), who d. c. 1370, m. (c. 1340) Eva, daughter of Griffith ap Tudur ap Madog ap Iarddur. Her father (d. c. 1310) and brother Gwilym ap Griffith of Llaniestyn, in Anglesey (d. c. 1375) were landowners of some note in Englefield and in various townships in Anglesey (Twrgarw, Penw and Caernarvonshire (Bodfeio). She was probably one of the co-heirs of her brother in 'Gafael Iarddur' in Bodfeio in 1352, and it was almost certainly this marriage which brought Cochwillan to her husband's family, together with a share of her family's lands in Anglesey. By her brother's will, dated 1375, her son, Griffith ap Gwilym (d. 1405 - see (2) below) inherited further lands in Anglesey and Caernarvonshire."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 197 M    i. Gruffydd ap Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan 150 was born about 1322 in Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, (Bangor), Caernarfonshire, (Gwynedd), Wales and died in 1405 in Austria-Hungary about age 83.

+ 198 M    ii. Bleddyn ap Gwilym died before Oct 1406.

165. Humphrey VI de Bohun 117 (Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died about 4 Aug 1265 in Battle of Evesham, Evesham, Worcestershire, England.

Death Notes: Predeceased his father. Ancestral Roots Line 68-29 and 97-29 give d.v.p. 27 Aug. 1267. Wikipedia has 1265.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-29 has d.v.p. 27 Oct. 1265
-----------
From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.136:

"In the wake of the dismemberment of the de Breos empire [after the hanging of William de Breos in 1230], the Bohun and Cantelupe families joined the ranks of the leading Marcher Lords..."

Humphrey married Eleanor de Braose,132 daughter of William de Braose, , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny and Eve Marshal, after Aug 1241 in Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales. Eleanor was born about 1228 in Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales, died in 1251 about age 23, and was buried in Llanthony Priory, Monmouthshire, Wales.

Research Notes: First wife of Humphrey (VI) de Bohun. Co-heiress of William de Braose.

From Wikipedia - Eleanor de Braose :

Eleanor de Braose (c.1228- 1251) was a Cambro-Norman noblewoman and a wealthy co-heiress of her father, who was the powerful Marcher lord William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny , and her mother, Eva Marshal , a granddaughter of Strongbow . Her husband was Humphrey de Bohun, by whom she had three children, including Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford .

Family
Eleanor was born in Brecknock , Breconshire , Wales in about 1228, the youngest daughter and co-heiress of the powerful Marcher lord William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny, and Eva Marshal, both of whom owned considerable lordships and domains in the Welsh Marches and Ireland. She had three older sisters, Isabella de Braose , Maud de Braose, Baroness Wigmore , and Eve de Braose, wife of William de Cantelou. A manuscript which narrates the descent of the founders of Llanthony Abbey names Isabella, Matildis, Eve et Alianore as the four daughters of Willielmis de Brews quartus and his wife Evam filiam domini Willielmis Mareschalli.[1] The document clearly shows that Eleanor was the youngest of the four girls.

Her paternal grandparents were Reginald de Braose, 9th Baron Abergavenny and Grecia de Briwere. Her maternal grandparents were William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke , daughter of Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster .
When Eleanor was about two years old her father, known to the Welsh as Gwilym Ddu (Black William), was hanged by the orders of Llewelyn the Great , Prince of Wales for alleged adultery with the latter's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales . Following the execution, her mother held de Braose lands and castles in her own right.

Marriage and children
On an unknown date after August 1241, at Brecknock, Breconshire, Eleanor married as his first wife,[2] Humphrey de Bohun, the son of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford and Maud de Lusignan. The marriage took place after the death of Humphrey's mother, Maud.
Together Humphrey and Eleanor had three children:
Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford (c.1249- 31 December 1298), married Maud de Fiennes, daughter of Ingelram de Fiennes and Isabel de Conde, by whom he had issue, including Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford .

Gilbert de Bohun, married Margaret whose surname is not known and by whom he had issue. His brother granted him all of Eleanor's lands in Ireland.[3]

Alianore de Bohun (died 20 February 1314, buried Walden Abbey), on 26 June 1269 married Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby , by whom she had two children.

Eleanor died in 1251 and was buried at Llanthony Priory . A manuscript names Elinor of Brewis, Ladi and heire of the land of Bricon among those buried at the priory of Llanthony.[4] Her husband married secondly Joan de Quincy, by whom he had a son, John de Bohun of Haresfield. He died on 37 October 1265.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 199 M    i. Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex 151 was born about 1249 and died on 31 Dec 1298 in Pleshey Castle, Essex, England about age 49.

+ 200 F    ii. Alianore de Bohun 152 died on 20 Feb 1314.

166. Alice de Bohun 118 (Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

167. Maud de Bohun 118 (Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

168. William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick 120 (William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1237 in Elmley Castle, Worcestershire, England, died on 9 Jun 1298 in Elmley Castle, Worcestershire, England about age 61, and was buried in Grey Friars, Worcestershire, England.

Birth Notes: FamilySearch has b. abt 1227.

Research Notes: Second husband of Maud FitzJohn (Maud FitzGeoffrey).

From Wikipedia - William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick :

William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick (1237 -1298 ) was an English nobleman and soldier, described as a "vigorous and innovative military commander"[1]. He was active in the field against the Welsh for many years, and at the end of his life campaigned against the Scots.

Soldier
He was a close friend of Edward I of England , and was an important leader in Edward's invasion of Wales in 1277.[2][3] In 1294 he raised the siege of Conwy Castle , where the King had been penned in[4], crossing the estuary[5]. He was victorious on March 5, 1295 at the battle of Maes Madog , against Madog ap Llywelyn [6]. In a night attack on the Welsh infantry, he used cavalry to drive them into compact formations, which were then shot up by his archers, and charged[7].

Family
His father was William de Beauchamp of Elmley, his mother Isabel Mauduit, sister and heiress of William Mauduit, 8th Earl of Warwick .
He married Maud FitzGeoffrey. His children included:
Isabella[8], married Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winchester
Guy , who married Alice de Toeni , widow of Thomas de Leyburne
Sarah[9]

William married Maud FitzGeoffrey,153 daughter of John FitzGeoffrey, of Fambridge, Essex and Isabel Bigod, before 1270 in Worcestershire, England. Maud was born about 1237 in Shere, Surrey, England, died on 16 Apr 1301 in <Grey Friars>, Worcestershire, England about age 64, and was buried on 7 May 1301 in Grey Friars, Worcestershire, England. Another name for Maud was Maud FitzJohn.

Burial Notes: House of the Friars Minor, Worcester, Worcestershire, England.

Research Notes: Eldest daughter of John FitzGeoffrey

Wikipedia - John FitzGeoffrey has d. 16/18 Apr 1301. Married firstly to Gerard de Furnivalle, Lord of Hallamshire (?-1261). Married secondly to William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick, son of William de Beauchamp of Elmley, Worcestershire & his wife Isabel Mauduit.

From Wikipedia - Maud FitzJohn :

Maud FitzJohn, Countess of Warwick (died 16/18 April 1301), was an English noblewoman and the eldest daughter of John FitzGeoffrey , Lord of Shere. Her second husband was William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick , a celebrated soldier. Through her daughter, Isabella , Maud was the maternal grandmother of Hugh the younger Despenser , the unpopular favourite of King Edward II of England , who was executed in 1326.

Family
Maud was born in Shere, Surrey, England on an unknown date, the eldest daughter of John FitzGeoffrey , Lord of Shere, Justiciar of Ireland , and Isabel Bigod , a descendant of Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster . Maud had two brothers, Richard FitzJohn of Shere and John FitzJohn of Shere, and three younger sisters, Aveline FitzJohn, Joan FitzJohn, and Isabel FitzJohn. She also had a half-brother, Walter de Lacy, and two half-sisters, Margery de Lacy, and Maud de Lacy, Baroness Geneville , from her mother's first marriage to Gilbert de Lacy of Ewyas Lacy. The chronicle of Tintern Abbey in Monmouthshire names Matilda uxor Guidono comitis Warwici as the eldest daughter of Johanni Fitz-Geffrey and Isabella Bygod.[1] Her paternal grandparents were Geoffrey Fitzpeter, 1st Earl of Essex and Aveline de Clare. Her maternal grandparents were Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk and Maud Marshal .

Marriages and children
Maud married her first husband, Gerald de Furnivalle, Lord Hallamshire on an unknown date. Sometime after his death in 1261, Maud married her second husband, the celebrated soldier, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick. Upon their marriage, Maud was styled as Countess of Warwick.
Together William and Maud had at least two children:[2]
Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick (1270/1271- 28 July 1315), on 28 February 1310, he married as her second husband, heiress Alice de Toeni , by whom he had seven children.

Isabella de Beauchamp (died before 30 May 1306), married firstly in 1281 Sir Patrick de Chaworth, Lord of Kidwelly, by whom she had a daughter, Maud Chaworth ; she married secondly in 1286, Hugh le Despenser, Lord Despenser by whom she had four children including Hugh Despenser the younger, the unpopular favourite of King Edward II, who was executed in 1326, shortly after his father.
Maud died between 16 and 18 April 1301. She was buried at the house of the Friars Minor in Worcester .


Children from this marriage were:

+ 201 F    i. Isabella de Beauchamp 154 was born about 1252 in <Warwick>, Warwickshire, England and died before 30 May 1306 in Elmley Castle, Worchestershire, England.

+ 202 F    ii. Sarah de Beauchamp .

+ 203 M    iii. Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick 155 was born in 1272 in <Elmley Castle, Elmley>, Worcestershire, England, died on 12 Aug 1315 in Warwick, Warwickshire, England at age 43, and was buried in Bordesley Abbey, Worcestershire, England.

169. John De Beauchamp 121 (William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1248 in Elmley Castle, Elmley, Worcestershire, England and died after 1298.

John married Joan De Audley,156 daughter of James De Audley and Unknown,. Joan was born about 1264 in Heleigh, Staffordshire, England and died in Y, Somme, Picardie, France.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 204 M    i. Richard Beauchamp 157 was born in 1241 in Holt, Worcestershire, England and died in 1327 in Holt, Worcestershire, England at age 86.

170. Agnes de Ferrers 123 (Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died after 9 May 1281.

Agnes married Sir Robert de Muscegros, of Charlton, Somerset,158 son of Sir John de Muscegros, of Charlton and Cecily Avenal,. Robert was born about 1252 and died on 27 Dec 1280 about age 28.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 205 F    i. Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton 159 was born on 21 Dec 1276 and died After Jun 1340 By Dec 1350.

171. Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby 124 (Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1239 and died in 1279 at age 40.

Robert married Alianore de Bohun,152 daughter of Humphrey VI de Bohun and Eleanor de Braose, on 26 Jun 1269. Alianore died on 20 Feb 1314.

Research Notes: Second wife of Robert de Ferrers.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 206 M    i. Sir John de Ferrers, of Southoe and Keyston 160 was born on 30 Jun 1271 in Cardiff and died in Aug 1312 in Gascony at age 41.

172. Joan de Ferrers 125 (Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1248 in Derbyshire, England, died on 19 Mar 1309 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England about age 61, and was buried in St. Augustine's, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.

Joan married Thomas de Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley 161 in 1267. Thomas was born in 1245 and died on 23 Jul 1321 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England at age 76.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Thomas de Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley :

Thomas de Berkeley aka The Wise (1245 - 23 July 1321 ), 1st Baron Berkeley, was an English baron , soldier and diplomat .
Thomas was born in 1245 at Berkeley Castle in the English county of Gloucestershire , the son of Sir Maurice de Berkeley and Isabel FitzRoy . In 1267, he married Joan de Ferrers, the daughter of William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby and Margaret de Quinci, and was succeeded by his son Maurice de Berkeley II .
Berkeley fought in the Battle of Evesham . He inherited the title of Baron de Berkeley [feudal baron] in 1281 and was created 1st Baron Berkeley [England by writ] on 28 June 1283 . He was a commissioner to examine the claims to the crown of Scotland in June 1292.
He was on an embassy to France in January 1296 and held the office of Vice-Constable of England in 1297. He fought in the Battle of Falkirk on 22 July 1298 and fought in the siege of Caerlaverock in July 1300. He was on an embassy to Pope Clement V in July 1307. He fought in the Battle of Bannockburn on 24 June 1314 , where he was taken prisoner, and paid a large sum for his ransom. He died at Berkeley on 23 July 1321 .


The child from this marriage was:

+ 207 M    i. Maurice de Berkeley 128 was born in Apr 1271 in <Berkeley Castle, > near Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, died on 31 May 1326 in Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Berkshire (Oxfordshire), England at age 55, and was buried in St. Augustine's, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.

173. Matilda de Ferrers 127 (Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1228 in Derbyshire, England and died on 12 Mar 1299 about age 71. Another name for Matilda was Maud de Ferrers.

Matilda married William "Fort" de Vivonne,162 son of Hugh de Vivonne and Mabel Malet,. William was born about 1225 in <Albemarle, Scotland> and died on 22 May 1259 about age 34.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 208 F    i. Cecilia de Vivonne 162 was born about 1253 in <Hatch, Somersetshire, England>, died on 10 Jan 1320 in Stoke-under-Hamden, Somersetshire, England about age 67, and was buried in <Fort in Poitore>.

174. Joan de Ferrers 128 (Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1232 in Derbyshire, England and died in Oct 1267 about age 35.

Joan married Robert Aguillon.128 Robert was born on 25 Mar 1226 in <Watton-at-Stone>, Hertfordshire, England and was christened in Perching of Addington, Surrey, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 209 F    i. Isabel Aguillon 128 was born on 25 Mar 1258 in <Addington>, Surrey, England and died in 1323 at age 65.

175. Isabella de Braose 130 (William de Braose, , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny147, Reynold de Braose126, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1222 and died about 1248 about age 26.

Research Notes: Eldest daughter of William de Braose and Eve Marshal. Childless.


176. Maud de Braose 114 (William de Braose, , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny147, Reynold de Braose126, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1224 in <Gower, Glamorganshire>, Wales, died before 23 Mar 1301 in Herefordshire, England, and was buried in Wigmore Abbey, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England.

Research Notes: 2nd daughter and co-heiress of William de Braose and Eve Marshall.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 67-29
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From Wikipedia - Maud de Braose, Baroness Wigmore :

Maud de Braose, Baroness Wigmore (1224- 1300/23 March 1301)[1] was a noble heiress and a member of the powerful de Braose family which held many lordships and domains in the Welsh Marches . She was the wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore , a celebrated soldier and Marcher baron. A staunch Royalist during the Second Barons' War , it was she who devised the plan to rescue Prince Edward (the future King Edward I of England ) from the custody of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester .[2]

Family
Maud was born in Wales in 1224, the second eldest daughter and co-heiress of Marcher lord William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny and Eva Marshal .

Maud had three sisters, Isabella , wife of Prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn ; Eleanor , wife of Humphrey de Bohun; and Eve, wife of William de Cantelou.
Her paternal grandparents were Reginald de Braose, 9th Baron Abergavenny and Grecia de Briwere. Her maternal grandparents were William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke , daughter of Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster .
On 2 May 1230, when Maud was just six years old, her father was hanged by orders of Llewelyn the Great , Prince of Wales for alleged adultery with the latter's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales .

Marriage and children
In 1247[3] Maud married Roger Mortimer of Wigmore. As the eldest son of Ralph de Mortimer and his Welsh wife, Princess Gwladys Ddu , Roger was himself a scion of another important Marcher family, and had succeeded his father in 1246, upon the latter's death. He was created 1st Baron Wigmore on an unknown date. Maud was seven years his senior, and they had been betrothed since childhood. On the occasion of their marriage, the honour of Radnor passed from the de Braose to the Mortimer family.[4] Her marriage portion was some land at Tetbury which she inherited from her grandfather, Reginald de Braose.[5]She also had inherited the Manor of Charlton sometime before her marriage.[6] Roger and Maud's principal residence was the Mortimers' family seat, Wigmore Castle in Herefordshire .

Roger and Maud together had seven children:[7]
Ralph Mortimer (died before 10 August 1274), Sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire .
Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Wigmore (1251-17 July 1304), married Margaret de Fiennes , daughter of William II de Fiennes and Blanche de Brienne , by whom he had issue, including Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March .
Isabella Mortimer (died after 1300), married firstly, John Fitzalan, 7th Earl of Arundel , by whom she had issue; she married secondly, Ralph d'Arderne; she married thirdly, Robert de Hastang.[8]
Margaret Mortimer (died September 1297), married Robert de Vere, 6th Earl of Oxford , by whom she had one son.
Roger Mortimer of Chirk (died 3 August 1336 Tower of London ), married Lucy de Wafre, by whom he had one son. He was sentenced to life imprisonment for having participated in the rebellion of Thomas of Lancaster in 1321.
Geoffrey Mortimer (died before 1282), he was unmarried.
William Mortimer (died before June 1297), married as her first husband, Hawise de Muscegros.

Rescue of Prince Edward
Maud was described as beautiful and nimble-witted.[9]During the Second Barons' War , she also proved to be a staunch Royalist. It was Maud herself who devised a plan for the escape of Prince Edward after he had been taken hostage by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester following the Battle of Lewes . On 28 May 1265, when the Prince was held in custody at Hereford Castle , Maud sent a party of horsemen to spirit him away to Wigmore Castle while he was out in the open fields, some distance from the castle, taking exercise by racing horses with his unsuspecting guardians as she had instructed him to do in the messages she had smuggled to him previously. At a signal from one of the horsemen, Edward galloped off to join the party of his liberators, where they escorted him to Wigmore Castle, twenty miles away, where Maud was waiting. She gave the Prince refreshments before sending him on to Ludlow Castle [10]where he met up with the Earl of Gloucester who had defected to the side of the King .
At the Battle of Evesham on 4 August 1265, Maud's husband Roger fought on the side of Prince Edward, and personally killed Simon de Montfort. As a reward, Roger was given de Montfort's severed head and other parts of his anatomy. Roger sent these gruesome trophies home to Wigmore Castle as a gift to Maud.[11]She held a great feast that very night to celebrate the victory. De Montfort's head was raised in the Great Hall, still attached to the point of the lance.[12]

Descendants
In 1300, Maud is recorded as having presented to a vacant benefice in the Stoke Bliss parish church in Herefordshire , its advowson having originally belonged to the Mortimers, but was bequeathed to Limebrook Priory by Roger.[13] Maud died on an unknown date sometime between 1300 and 23 March 1301. She was buried in Wigmore Abbey . Her husband Roger had died on 30 October 1282.

All the monarchs of England from 1413, as well as Mary, Queen of Scots , were directly descended from Maud, as is the current British Royal Family . Queen consorts Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard were also notable descendants of Maud de Braose through the latter's daughter Isabella, Countess of Arundel.

Maud married Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer,94 son of Ralph de Mortimer, Lord Mortimer of Wigmore and Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn, in 1247. Roger was born about 1231 in Cwmaron Castle, Radnorshire, Wales and died on 27 Oct 1282 in Kingsland, Herefordshire, England about age 51.

Birth Notes: FamilySearch has b. 1221, Cwmaron Castle, Radnorshire, Wales

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), Line 28-29 and 176B-29

From Wikipedia - Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer :

Roger Mortimer (1231- 30 October 1282), 1st Baron Mortimer , was a famous and honoured knight from Wigmore Castle in Herefordshire . He was a loyal ally of King Henry III of England . He was at times an enemy, at times an ally, of the Welsh prince, Llywelyn the Last .


Early career
Born in 1231, Roger was the son of Ralph de Mortimer and his Welsh wife, Princess Gwladys Ddu , daughter of Llywelyn ab Iorwerth .

In 1256 Roger went to war with Llywelyn ap Gruffydd when the latter invaded his lordship of Gwrtheyrnion or Rhayader . This war would continue intermittently until the death of both Roger and Llywelyn in 1282. They were both grandsons of Llywelyn ab Iorwerth .

Mortimer fought for the King against the rebel Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester , and almost lost his life in 1264 at the Battle of Lewes fighting Montfort's men. In 1265 Mortimer's wife, Maud de Braose helped rescue Prince Edward ; and Mortimer and the Prince made an alliance against de Montfort.


Victor at Evesham
In August 1265, de Montfort's army was surrounded by the River Avon on three sides, and Prince Edward's army on the fourth. Mortimer had sent his men to block the only possible escape route, at the Bengeworth bridge. The Battle of Evesham began in earnest. A storm roared above the battle field. Montfort's Welsh soldiers broke and ran for the bridge, where they were slaughtered by Mortimer's men. Mortimer himself killed Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester in crushing Montfort's army. Mortimer was awarded Montfort's severed head and other parts of his anatomy, which he sent home to Wigmore Castle as a gift for his wife, Lady Mortimer.


Marriage and children
Lady Mortimer was Maud de Braose , daughter of William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny by Eva Marshal . Roger Mortimer had married her in 1247. She was, like him, a scion of a Welsh Marches family. Their children were:
Ralph Mortimer, died 1276.
Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Mortimer (1251-1304), married Margaret de Fiennes , the daughter of William II de Fiennes and Blanche de Brienne . Had issue, including Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March
Isabella Mortimer , died 1292. She married (1) John Fitzalan, 7th Earl of Arundel , (2) Robert de Hastings
Margaret Mortimer , died 1297. She married Robert de Vere, 6th Earl of Oxford
Roger Mortimer of Chirk , died 1326.
Geoffrey Mortimer , a knight
William Mortimer , a knight
Their eldest son, Ralph, was a famed knight but died in his youth. The second son, Edmund, was recalled from Oxford University and appointed his father's heir.

Epitaph
Roger Mortimer died on 30 October 1282, and was buried at Wigmore Abbey , where his tombstone read:
"Here lies buried, glittering with praise, Roger the pure, Roger Mortimer the second, called Lord of Wigmore by those who held him dear. While he lived all Wales feared his power, and given as a gift to him all Wales remained his. It knew his campaigns, he subjected it to torment."

(Duplicate Line. See Person 137)

Maud next married William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp,100 son of Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire and Isabella de Mortimer, in 1151 in Gower, Glamorganshire, Wales. William was born about 1210 and died in 1269 about age 59. Another name for William was William de Beauchamp of Elmley Castle, Worcestershire.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick :
His father was William de Beauchamp of Elmley Castle , his mother, Isabel Mauduit, sister and heiress of William Mauduit, 8th Earl of Warwick .

Noted events in his life were:

• 5th Baron Beauchamp:

• Will: 7 Jan 1269.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 145)

177. Eve de Braose, of Abergavenny 131 (William de Braose, , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny147, Reynold de Braose126, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1227 in <Bramber, Sussex>, England and died before 28 Jul 1255. Another name for Eve was Eva de Braose.

Research Notes: Heiress of Abergavenny

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 66-29

Eve married William de Cantelou, Baron Abergavenny,163 son of William Cantilupe and Milicent Gournai, before 15 Feb 1247-1248. William was born about 1216 in <Calne, Wiltshire>, England, died on 25 Sep 1254 in Calstone, Wiltshire, England about age 38, and was buried on 30 Sep 1254 in Studley Priory, Warwick, England. Another name for William was William de Cantilupe.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 66-29 (Eve de Braose)


The child from this marriage was:

+ 210 F    i. Millicent de Cantelou 164 was born about 1250 in <Calne, Wiltshire>, England and died before 7 Jan 1299 in Harringworth, Northamptonshire, England.

178. Eleanor de Braose 132 (William de Braose, , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny147, Reynold de Braose126, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1228 in Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales, died in 1251 about age 23, and was buried in Llanthony Priory, Monmouthshire, Wales.

Research Notes: First wife of Humphrey (VI) de Bohun. Co-heiress of William de Braose.

From Wikipedia - Eleanor de Braose :

Eleanor de Braose (c.1228- 1251) was a Cambro-Norman noblewoman and a wealthy co-heiress of her father, who was the powerful Marcher lord William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny , and her mother, Eva Marshal , a granddaughter of Strongbow . Her husband was Humphrey de Bohun, by whom she had three children, including Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford .

Family
Eleanor was born in Brecknock , Breconshire , Wales in about 1228, the youngest daughter and co-heiress of the powerful Marcher lord William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny, and Eva Marshal, both of whom owned considerable lordships and domains in the Welsh Marches and Ireland. She had three older sisters, Isabella de Braose , Maud de Braose, Baroness Wigmore , and Eve de Braose, wife of William de Cantelou. A manuscript which narrates the descent of the founders of Llanthony Abbey names Isabella, Matildis, Eve et Alianore as the four daughters of Willielmis de Brews quartus and his wife Evam filiam domini Willielmis Mareschalli.[1] The document clearly shows that Eleanor was the youngest of the four girls.

Her paternal grandparents were Reginald de Braose, 9th Baron Abergavenny and Grecia de Briwere. Her maternal grandparents were William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke , daughter of Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster .
When Eleanor was about two years old her father, known to the Welsh as Gwilym Ddu (Black William), was hanged by the orders of Llewelyn the Great , Prince of Wales for alleged adultery with the latter's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales . Following the execution, her mother held de Braose lands and castles in her own right.

Marriage and children
On an unknown date after August 1241, at Brecknock, Breconshire, Eleanor married as his first wife,[2] Humphrey de Bohun, the son of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford and Maud de Lusignan. The marriage took place after the death of Humphrey's mother, Maud.
Together Humphrey and Eleanor had three children:
Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford (c.1249- 31 December 1298), married Maud de Fiennes, daughter of Ingelram de Fiennes and Isabel de Conde, by whom he had issue, including Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford .

Gilbert de Bohun, married Margaret whose surname is not known and by whom he had issue. His brother granted him all of Eleanor's lands in Ireland.[3]

Alianore de Bohun (died 20 February 1314, buried Walden Abbey), on 26 June 1269 married Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby , by whom she had two children.

Eleanor died in 1251 and was buried at Llanthony Priory . A manuscript names Elinor of Brewis, Ladi and heire of the land of Bricon among those buried at the priory of Llanthony.[4] Her husband married secondly Joan de Quincy, by whom he had a son, John de Bohun of Haresfield. He died on 37 October 1265.

Eleanor married Humphrey VI de Bohun,117 son of Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex and Mahaut de Lusignan, after Aug 1241 in Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales. Humphrey died about 4 Aug 1265 in Battle of Evesham, Evesham, Worcestershire, England.

Death Notes: Predeceased his father. Ancestral Roots Line 68-29 and 97-29 give d.v.p. 27 Aug. 1267. Wikipedia has 1265.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-29 has d.v.p. 27 Oct. 1265
-----------
From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.136:

"In the wake of the dismemberment of the de Breos empire [after the hanging of William de Breos in 1230], the Bohun and Cantelupe families joined the ranks of the leading Marcher Lords..."

(Duplicate Line. See Person 165)

179. Ralph de Toeni 133 (Petronilla de Lacy148, Margeret de Braose127, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1255 in England and died before 29 Jul 1295 in France.

Ralph married Mary.165 Another name for Mary was Clarissa.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 211 F    i. Alice de Toeni 133 was born in 1284 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died on 1 Jan 1324 at age 40.

180. Maud de Lacy 135 (Gilbert de Lacy, of Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire149, Margeret de Braose127, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1230 in Dublin, Leinster, Ireland and died on 11 Apr 1304 in Trim Castle, Meath, Ireland at age 74.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 71A-30 (Geoffrey de Geneville)

From Wikipedia - Maud de Lacy, Baroness Geneville :
Maud de Lacy, Baroness Geneville (1230- 11 April 1304) was a Norman -Irish noblewoman and wealthy heiress who upon the death of her grandfather, Walter de Lacy , Lord of Trim and Ludlow inherited half his estates. The lordships of Trim and Ludlow passed to her second husband Geoffrey de Geneville, 1st Baron Geneville by right of his marriage to her; although she helped to rule and administer the estates in an equal partnership. She is sometimes referred to as Matilda de Lacy.[1]

Family

Maud was born in Dublin , Ireland in 1230, the youngest child of Gilbert de Lacy of Ewyas Lacy and Isabel Bigod . Her paternal grandparents were Walter de Lacy and Margaret de Braose, daughter of Maud de Braose who was walled up alive by King John of England . Her maternal grandparents were Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk and Maud Marshal.[2] She had an elder brother, Walter and sister Margery. On 25 December 1230, the year of her birth, Maud's father died, leaving her mother a widow at the age of eighteen. Less than four years later on 12 April 1234, her mother married again; he was John FitzGeoffrey , Lord of Shere in Surrey , England, and Justiciar of Ireland . Maud had six younger half-siblings from her mother's second marriage to John.
In early 1241, Maud's brother Walter died. He was in his early teens. When their grandfather Walter de Lacy died shortly afterwards on 24 February, Maud and her sister, Margery inherited his vast estates and lordships in Ireland, Herefordshire, and the Welsh Marches . Maud and Margery both received a moiety of Ewyas Lacy in Herefordshire, and a share of the lordship with the taxes and revenues that attached to it.[3]

Marriages and children

On an unknown date, Maud married her first husband Pierre de Genève, son of Humbert, Count of Genève, and a relative of Eleanor of Provence . He was one of the "Savoyards" who had arrived in England in the retinue of Queen Eleanor when she married King Henry III . The marriage produced a son and a daughter whose names were not recorded.[4] Pierre died in 1249, and sometime before 8 August 1252, Maud married her second husband, another "Savoyard", Geoffrey de Geneville, Seigneur of Vaucouleurs, son of Simon de Joinville and Beatrix d'Auxonne. Both Maud's marriages and the marriage of her sister, Margery[5] were personally arranged by King Henry III to ensure that the estates they inherited from their grandfather were retained in the hands of those known to be trusted servants of the Crown.[6]
The king granted Geoffrey and Maud, and their heirs rights in the land of Meath held by her grandfather, Walter de Lacy by charter dated 8 August 1252.[7]. On 18 September 1254, the king granted them all the liberties and free customs in Meath which her grandfather had held; and they might issue their own writs in Meath according to the law and custom of Ireland. On 21 September 1252, they had livery of Trim Castle and a moiety of forty marcates of lands as the inheritance of Maud.[8] They made Trim Castle their chief residence. Maud and Geoffrey jointly ruled and administered their estates together in an equal partnership. They later donated property to Dore Abbey .
Maud's husband was a loyal supporter and favourite of Prince Edward who would in 1272 reign as King Edward I of England . Geoffrey fought with the Prince against Simon de Monfort at the Battle of Evesham , and it was at Ludlow Castle that Prince Edward was sheltered following his escape in May 1265 from Montfortian captivity.[9] Geoffrey was appointed Justiciar of Ireland by his friend and patron, the new king, Edward I in September 1273, a post he held until June 1276; however, he had little success against the Irish of Leinster .[10] He was created 1st Baron Geneville shortly before he was first summoned to Parliament as Baron Geneville on 6 February 1299.
Together Geoffrey and Maud had at least two children:[11]
Geoffrey de Geneville (died 1283)
Sir Piers de Geneville, of Trim and Ludlow (1256- shortly before June 1292), who in his turn married in 1283 Jeanne of Lusignan , by whom he had three daughters, including Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville .
In 1283, Maud gave all her lands in England and Wales to Piers, her second eldest son by Geoffrey. These included Ludlow Castle in Shropshire, and Walterstone Manor as well as all the knights' fees which she had held in England.[12]That same year, her son Geoffrey died.
Maud was described as independent-minded, and she usually accompanied her husband on his numerous travels abroad, which included Rome where he was sent on a mission to Pope Nicholas IV in 1290. She was aged sixty at the time. Maud was highly protective of her properties, and always ready to enter into litigation at the slightest threat to her lands or privileges whether posed by family members, the Church or the Dublin administration.[13]
Maud died at Trim Castle on 11 April 1304 at the age of seventy-four. Her husband Geoffrey died ten years later, and his estates and lordships were inherited by their granddaughter Joan de Geneville who succeeded as the 2nd Baroness Geneville on 21 October 1314. Their son Piers had died in 1292, leaving Joan as heiress-apparent. She was the wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March , by whom she had twelve children.


Maud married Geoffrey de Geneville, Seigneur de Vaucouleurs, Lord of Trim, son of Simon de Joinville, Sénéchal of Champagne, Seigneur de Vaucouleurs and Béatrix, d'Auxonne, in 1252. Geoffrey was born about 1226 and died on 21 Oct 1314 in Trim, Meath, Ireland about age 88.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 71A-30


The child from this marriage was:

+ 212 M    i. Sir Piers de Geneville, Lord of Walterstone-Saunton-Lacy died on 8 Jun 1292.

181. Walter de Lacy (Gilbert de Lacy, of Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire149, Margeret de Braose127, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1241.

182. Margery de Lacy 136 (Gilbert de Lacy, of Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire149, Margeret de Braose127, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1228 in Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire and died in 1256 at age 28.

183. Alice de Beaumont 138 (Alice de Harcourt150, Robert de Harcourt, of Stanton-Harcourt, Oxfordshire128, Avelina Agnes de Braose100, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died between 1246 and 1263.

Alice married William Mauduit, Lord of Hanslope & Hartley Mauduit, Bucks.,166 son of Robert Mauduit, Lord of Hanslope, Bucks. and Isabel Basset,. William died in Apr 1257.

Noted events in his life were:

• Chamberlain of the Exchequer:

Children from this marriage were:

+ 213 F    i. Isabel Mauduit 119 was born about 1214, died before 1268, and was buried in Nunnery of Cokehill, Worcestershire, England.

+ 214 M    ii. William Mauduit, 8th Earl of Warwick 167 was born about 1220 and died on 8 Jan 1267 about age 47.

184. Emma de Harcourt 140 (Richard de Harcourt151, Robert de Harcourt, of Stanton-Harcourt, Oxfordshire128, Avelina Agnes de Braose100, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1187 in Defford, Worcestershire, England and died in 1265 at age 78. Another name for Emma was Emma d'Harcourt.

Emma married Lord Galfridus le Despencer, of Marcheley,168 son of Thomas Despencer, of Elington, Lincolnshire and Rohese de Foix, on 29 Dec 1229 in Worcestershire, England. Galfridus was born in 1180 in Defford, Worcestershire, England and died in 1242 in Worcestershire, England at age 62. Another name for Galfridus was Geoffrey le Despencer.

Birth Notes: Birth year 1180 or 1185.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 215 M    i. John le Despencer 169 was born in 1235 in Defford, Worcestershire, England and died in 1251 in Loughborough, Leicestershire, England at age 16.

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185. Hywel ap Gronwy ap Ieuan, of Hafod-y-Wern (Gronwy ap Ieuan, of Havod y Wern152, Ieuan ap Gronwy, of Hafod-y-Wern129, Gronwy ap Hwfa, of Hafod-y-Wern101, Hwfa ap Iorwerth, of Hafod-y-Wern82, Iorwerth Vychan ap Ieuaf, of Llwynon, co. Denbig59, Ieuaf ap Ninniau47, Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in <Hafod-y-Wern, (Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales>. Other names for Hywel were Hywel ap Goronwy of Hafod y Wern, Howel ap Grono ap Evan of Hafod-y-Wern, and Howell ap Gronw ap Jevan ap Gronw.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg57.htm#1145

Source: History of the Town of Wrexham, Its Houses, Streets, Fields, and Old Families by Alfred Neobard Palmer (Wrexham, 1893), pp. 137-138:
"...and as to the Hywel ap Goronwy, whose name ends [the pedigree], there is in existence a 'marwnad' or 'elegy' on his death, composed by Lewis Glyn Cothi, whose period of political activity belongs, roughly speaking, to the middle of the 15th century. In this elegy occurs the line 'Mae Gwrecsam am wr o'm iaith,' that is 'Wrexham is [the town] for a man of my language,' showing how thoroughly Welsh at that time Wrexham was. The Hywel ap Goronwy just named was the last inheritor of Hafod y wern in the direct male line of the old Welsh family of that place. He left two daughters, of whom Alswn (the Welsh form of Alice) had Hafod y wern for her portion, and married Hywel ap Ieuan ap Gruffydd, of Bersham (living in 1467), by whom she had one daughter, Alswn, sole heiress of Hafod y wern, who married John Puleston, Esq., of Bers (Plas ym Mhers, now called 'Upper Berse'), eldest son of Madoc Puleston, Esq. It was in this way that the Pulestons came into possession of Hafod y wern, but they still continued for a time to live at Bers."

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. II (London, 1882) has from Cae Cyriog M.S.; Lewys Dwnn, vol ii:
"Howel ab Ieuan ab Gruffydd of Bersham, and Alson, his second wife, d. and heiress of Howel ab Goronwy of Havod y Wern."

Hywel married someone.

His child was:

+ 216 F    i. Alswn ferch Hywel ap Gronwy, of Hafod-y-Wern 170 was born in Hafod-y-Wern, (Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales.

186. Llywelyn ap Owain ap Maredudd (Owain ap, of Cardigan153, Maredudd ap, Lord of Cardigan Uch Ayron130, Owain ap103, Gruffudd ap, Prince of Deheubarth85, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1309. Another name for Llywelyn was Llewellyn ap Owain ap Maredudd.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 254-32 - "Llewellyn Ap Owain, lord of a moiety of Gwynnionith and of Caerwedros"

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 80

Llywelyn married Eleanor, daughter of Henry III, Count of Bar and Eleanor, of England,. Eleanor was born in 1285.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Eleanor of England (1269-1298)

Llywelyn next married < > de Vale,171 daughter of Robert de Vale, Lord of Trefgarn and Unknown,.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 217 M    i. Thomas ap Llywelyn ap Owain, of Iscoed Uch Hirwen, Cardiganshire 172 was born before 14 Aug 1343 and died in Iscoed Uch Hirwen, Cardiganshire, Wales.

187. Madoc ap Rhys-Gloff (Rhys-Gloff, Lord of Cymcydmaen154, Rhys-Vaughn, Lord of Yestradtywy132, Rhys-Mechyllt, of Llandovery Castle106, Rhys Gwyg ap, Lord of Yestradtywy87, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Welsh Settlement of Pensylvania by Charles H. Browning (Philadelphia, 1912), p. 281.

Madoc married someone.

His child was:

+ 218 M    i. Trahairn Goch ap Madoc ap Rhys-Gloff, Lord of Llyn, Grainianoc and Penllech .

188. Maredudd ap Tudur 142 (Tudur ap Goronwy155, Goronwy ap Tudur Hen, Lord of Penmynydd133, Tudur Hen ap Goronwy107, Goronwy ap Ednyfed Vychan, Lord of Tref-Gastell in Anglesea88, Gwenllian verch Griffith ap Rhys62, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1406. Another name for Maredudd was Meredith Tudor.

Maredudd married Margaret verch Dafydd Fychan.142

The child from this marriage was:

+ 219 M    i. Sir Owen Meredith Tudor 173 was born about 1400 and died on 2 Feb 1461 about age 61.

189. Margaret de Clare 144 (Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1 Apr 1287 in Bunratty Castle, Thomond, Ireland and died between 22 Oct 1333 and 8 Jan 1334.

Research Notes: Youngest of 4 children.

"Heiress to her nephew Thomas de Clare, son of Richard de Clare, 2nd son of Thomas and Juliane... She was therefore sister to Richard, 2nd son, and to Thomas, 1st son..." -- Ancestral Roots, Line 54-32.

Also www.thepeerage.com
------
From Wikipedia - Margaret de Clare, Lady Badlesmere :

Margaret de Clare (c.1 April 1287 - 22 October 1333/ 3 January 1334) was a Norman -Irish noblewoman and the wife of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere .[1]In 1321, she was arrested and imprisoned in the Tower of London for refusing Isabella of France , Queen consort of King Edward II , admittance to Leeds Castle of which her husband, Lord Badlesmere, was castellan .

Family
Margaret was born at Bunratty Castle in Thomond , Ireland on or about 1 April 1287, the youngest child of Thomas de Clare , Lord of Thomond and Juliana FitzGerald of Offaly . Her paternal grandparents were Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy . Her maternal grandparents were Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly and Maud de Prendergast (born 17 March 1243), daughter of Gerald de Prendergast and a de Burgh daughter whose first name is not known. Margaret's maternal ancestors included Brian Boru , Dermot McMurrough , and Maud de Braose .

Margaret had an elder sister, Maud and two brothers, Richard de Clare, 1st Lord Clare , who was killed at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea in 1318, and Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond.[2]

On 29 August 1287, when she was almost five months of age, her father died. Her mother married her second husband, Nicholas Avenel sometime afterwards.

Margaret was co-heiress to her nephew Thomas de Clare, son of her brother Richard, by which she inherited the manors of Plashes in Standon, Hertfordshire and lands in Thomond, Limerick and Cork in 1321 upon the death of Thomas.[3]

Marriages
Before 1303, she married firstly, Gilbert de Umfraville, son of Gilbert de Umphraville, Earl of Angus, and Elizabeth Comyn. Upon their marriage, the Earl of Angus granted Gilbert and Margaret the manors of Hambleton and Market Overton. When Gilbert died childless, sometime before 1307, the manors passed to Margaret.
Sometime before 30 June 1308, she married secondly, Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere ,(1275 -14 April 1322 ) an English baron and Governor of Bristol Castle, by whom she had five children.[4] She was styled as Lady Badlesmere on 26 October 1309 , and henceforth known by that title.[5]

Leeds Castle
Lord Badlesmere was appointed castellan of the Royal Castle of Leeds in Kent , by Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster , Regent of King Edward II . In October 1321, the queen consort Isabella of France went on a pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Thomas at Canterbury . She decided to break her journey by stopping at Leeds Castle, which was given to her as part of her dowry[6] Bartholomew was away at the time leaving Margaret in charge of the castle. Due to her dislike of Isabella as well as her own belligerent character, she refused the Queen admittance, and subsequently ordered her archers to fire upon Queen Isabella when she approached the outer barbican . When King Edward heard of the treatment meted out to his consort by Margaret, he sent an expeditionary force to the castle. After a successful assault of the castle, with the King's troops using ballistas , the defenders surrendered, and Margaret was seized and sent to the Tower of London .[7]
As a result of Margaret's arrest, Lord Badlesmere joined Lancaster's rebellion and fought in the Battle of Boroughbridge on 16 March 1322. He was arrested and afterward hanged for treason on 14 April 1322. Margaret remained imprisoned in the Tower until 3 November 1322.[2] She was released from the Tower, due to the successful mediation, on her behalf, of her son-in-law William de Ros. She retired to the convent house of the Minorite Sisters, outside Aldgate .[8]

In 1328, her son Giles obtained a reversal of his father's attainder and succeeded to the barony as the 2nd Baron Badlesmere.
Margaret died between 22 October 1333 and 3 January 1334.[9]

List of children
Margery de Badlesmere (1308/1309- 18 October 1363), married before 25 November 1316, William de Ros, 3rd Baron de Ros of Hamlake. (c.1290- 3 February 1343[10]), by whom she had six children.
Maud de Badlesmere (1310- 24 May 1366), married firstly Robert FitzPayn, and secondly, John de Vere, 7th Earl of Oxford . By her second marriage, Maud had seven children.
Elizabeth de Badlesmere (1313- 8 June 1356), married firstly Sir Edmund Mortimer , and secondly, William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton . Both marriages produced children.
Giles de Badlesmere, 2nd Baron Badlesmere (18 October 1314 - 7 June 1338 , married Elizabeth Montagu, by whom he had four daughters.
Margaret de Badlesmere (born 1315), married John Tiptoft, 2nd Lord Tiptoft, by whom she had one son, Robert Tiptoft.

Margaret married Gilbert d' Umfreville, Earl of Angus,174 son of Gilbert d' Umfreville and Maud, in 1289. Gilbert was born in 1244 and died before 13 Oct 1307.

Research Notes: 1st husband of Margaret de Clare.

Margaret next married Bartholomew de Badlesmere, of Badlesmere & Chilham Castle, Kent,175 son of Sir Guncelin de Badlesmere, of Badlesmere, Kent and Joan Fitz Bernard, before 30 Jun 1308. Bartholomew was born about 1275 and died on 14 Apr 1322 in Canterbury, Kent, England about age 47. Another name for Bartholomew was Bartholomew de Badelsmer of Leeds Castle.

Death Notes: Hanged for treason against King Edward II of England

Research Notes: 2nd husband of Margaret de Clare.

From Wikipedia - Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere :
Bartholomew Badlesmere (1275 - 14 April 1322 ), English nobleman, was the son and heir of Gunselm de Badlesmere (died 1301), and fought in the English army both in France and Scotland during the later years of the reign of Edward I of England .

Life
In 1307 he became governor of Bristol Castle . Edward II appointed him steward of his household. Badlesmere made a compact with some other noblemen to gain supreme influence in the royal council. Although very hostile to Thomas, Earl of Lancaster , Badlesmere helped to make peace between the king and the earl in 1318, and was a member of the middle party which detested alike Edward's minions, like the Despensers , and his violent enemies like Lancaster.
The king's conduct, however, drew him to the side of the earl, and he had already joined Edward's enemies when, in October 1321, his wife, Margaret de Clare, Lady Badlesmere refused to admit Queen Isabella to her husband's castle at Leeds in Kent . The king assaulted and captured the castle, seized and imprisoned Lady Badlesmere, and civil war began.
After the defeat of the Earl of Lancaster at the Battle of Boroughbridge , Badlesmere was captured, attainted, and hanged at Blean near Canterbury on April 14 , 1322 . His head was displayed on the Burgh Gate at Canterbury. His son and heir, Giles, died in 1338 leaving four daughters, but no sons.

Family
His son and heir, Giles, died in 1338 leaving four daughters, but no sons. His daughter Elizabeth de Badlesmere (1313-8 June 1356), was married firstly (27 June 1316) to the Hon. Edmund Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer (1302-17 December 1331), Lord Mortimer, eldest son of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville, Baroness Geneville . Both were the parents of Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March .
See also the history of Chilham Castle , which was held from time to time by his descendants until the reign of King Henry VIII .

----------
From www.thepeerage.com:
Bartholomew Badlesmere (1275 - 14 April 1322), English nobleman, was the son and heir of Gunselm de Badlesmere (died 1301), and fought in the English army both in France and Scotland during the later years of the reign of Edward I of England. In 1307 he became governor of Bristol Castle. Edward II appointed him steward of his household. Badlesmere made a compact with some other noblemen to gain supreme influence in the royal council. Although very hostile to Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, Badlesmere helped to make peace between the king and the earl in 1318, and was a member of the middle party which detested alike Edward's minions, like the Despensers, and his violent enemies like Lancaster. The king's conduct, however, drew him to the side of the earl, and he had already joined Edward's enemies when, in October 1321, his wife, Margaret de Clare, refused to admit Queen Isabella to her husband's castle at Leeds in Kent. The king assaulted and captured the castle, seized and imprisoned Lady Badlesmere, and civil war began. After the defeat of the Earl of Lancaster at the Battle of Boroughbridge, Badlesmere was captured and hanged at Canterbury on April 14, 1322. His son and heir, Giles, died without children in 1338. His daughter Elizabeth Badlesmere, 3rd Baroness Badlesmere (1313-8 June 1356), was married (27 June 1316) to the Hon. Edmund Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer (1302-17 December 1331), Lord Mortimer, eldest son of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joane de Geneville, Baroness Geneville. Both were the parents of Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March.

Noted events in his life were:

• 1st Lord Badlesmere:

• Steward of the King's household:

• Ambassador to France, Savoy, and the Pope:

Children from this marriage were:

+ 220 F    i. Margery de Badlesmere 176 was born in 1306 and died on 18 Oct 1363 at age 57.

+ 221 F    ii. Elizabeth de Badlesmere 177 was born about 1313 in Castle Badlesmere, Kent, England, died on 8 Jun 1356 about age 43, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

+ 222 F    iii. < > de Badlesmere, Countess of Oxford .

+ 223 F    iv. Roos de Badlesmere .

190. Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan, of Rhuddallt (Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan157, Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog135, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 23 Nov 1298, died after 1343, and was buried in Valle Crucis Abbey, Llantysilio, Denbighshire, Wales. Other names for Gruffydd were Griffith ap Madoc Vychan of Ruddalt, Gryffydd ap Madoc Vychan Baron of Glyndyfrdwy and Lord of Rhuddalt, and Gruffudd ap Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 249-33 (Elizabeth le Strange).

Source: A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p. 81

He is the great-great-great grandson of Gruffudd Maelor I. He is Madog's eldest son.

Also familysearch.org (Kevin Bradford) - has b. 23 Nov 1298, d. aft 1343

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, Issued by the Powys-Land Club for the Use of Its Members, London, 1880, p. 123 has "Griffith ap Madoc Vychan of Ruddalt, died Ao 1370, and was buried at Vale Crucis. (The like.)"

Gruffydd married Elizabeth le Strange, daughter of John V le Strange, of Knokyn and Maud de Walton, on 8 Jul 1304. Elizabeth was born in 1298 and died after 1320. Another name for Elizabeth was Elisabeth Lestrange.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 249-33 has b. 1298.

Source: familysearch.org (Kevin Bradford) has b. abt 1298.

Source: Also familysearch.org (Thyrle Stapley) has b. 1298, d. aft 1320.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 224 M    i. Gruffydd Fychan II ap Gruffydd ap Madog, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy was born before 1330 and died in 1369.

191. Margaret Whetenhall (Agnes Arderne158, Margaret verch Gruffydd136, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1)

Margaret married Adam Bostock.178

The child from this marriage was:

+ 225 M    i. Adam Bostock

192. Sir Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel 147 (Isabella de Mortimer159, Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born from 1207 to 3 Feb 1266 and died on 9 Mar 1302 at age 95.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel :

Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel (7th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots) (February 3 1266/7 - March 9 1301/2 ) was an English Norman medieval nobleman.

Lineage
He was the son of John FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel (6th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots) and Isabella Mortimer, daughter of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore and Maud de Braose . His paternal grandparents were John Fitzalan, 6th Earl of Arundel and Maud le Botiller.

Titles
Richard was feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry in the Welsh Marches . After attaining his majority in 1289 he became the 8th Earl of Arundel , by being summoned to Parliament by a writ directed to the Earl of Arundel.

Knighted by King Edward I
He was knighted by King Edward I of England in 1289.

Fought in Wales, Gascony & Scotland
He fought in the Welsh wars, 1288 to 1294, when the Welsh castle of Castell y Bere (near modern day Towyn ) was besieged by Madog ap Llywelyn . He commanded the force sent to relieve the siege and he also took part in many other campaigns in Wales ; also in Gascony 1295-97; and furthermore in the Scottish wars, 1298-1300.

Marriage & Issue
He married sometime before 1285, Alice of Saluzzo (also known as Alesia di Saluzzo), daughter of Thomas I of Saluzzo in Italy.
Their children were:
Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel .
John, a priest
Alice FitzAlan , married Stephen de Segrave, 3rd Lord Segrave
Margaret FitzAlan , married William le Botiller (or Butler)
Conjecture:
Eleanor FitzAlan , married Henry de Percy, 1st Baron Percy

References
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 16B-29, 28-31, 77-31, 77-32

Richard married Alasia, di Saluzzo,179 daughter of Thomas I, di Saluzzo, Marquis of Saluzzo and Luisa, di Ceva, before 1285. Alasia died on 25 Sep 1292.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 226 M    i. Sir Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel 180 was born on 1 May 1285 and died on 17 Nov 1326 in Hereford, Herefordshire, England at age 41.

193. Isolde de Mortimer 149 (Sir Edmund de Mortimer, 7th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore160, Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1270 in <Wigmore, Herefordshire>, England and died in 1328 about age 58. Other names for Isolde were Iseulde de Mortimer and Iswolde de Mortimer.

Isolde married Hugh I de Audley,181 son of James de Aldithley and Ela Longspee, in Wigmore, Herefordshire, England. Hugh was born about 1250 in Audley, Staffordshire, England and died about 1336 about age 86. Another name for Hugh was Hugh de Aldithley.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Hugh I de Audley :

Hugh de Audley (ca. 1250 - ca. 1336) was a member of the Audley-Stanley family and the father of Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester .

Lineage
He was born in Audley in the English County of Staffordshire , the son of James of Aldithley (born c. 1225 in Audley , Staffordshire ) and Ela Longspee (daughter of William II Longespee , and his great great grandfather was therefore Henry II , King of England.

Family
He married Isolda de Mortimer , the daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Mortimer , and had 3 children:
John de Aldithley (Audley) born circa 1293
Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester born 1289 who married Margaret de Clare
Alice de Audley born circa 1304 who married firstly Robert Fitzrobert de Greystoke and later, Ralph de Neville a member of the Neville family .


The child from this marriage was:

+ 227 F    i. Alice Audley 182 was born about 1304 in Hadley, Staffordshire, England, died on 11 Jan 1374 in Greystoke, Northumberland, England about age 70, and was buried in Durham Cathedral, Durham, Durham, England.

194. Sir Roger de Mortimer, 8th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore, 1st Earl of March (Sir Edmund de Mortimer, 7th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore160, Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 25 Apr 1287 and died on 29 Nov 1330 at age 43.

Research Notes: 8th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore, 1st Earl of March, Lord of Leix, Ireland.

Created Earl of March, October 1328.
Granted seisin of lands in Ireland, 1308, by Joan's grandfather, Geoffrey.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 176B-31 and 71A-32 (Joan de Geneville)

Roger married Joan de Geneville, daughter of Sir Piers de Geneville, Lord of Walterstone-Saunton-Lacy and Jeanne de Lusignan, de la Marche, before 6 Oct 1306. Joan was born 2 Feb 1285 or 1286 and died on 19 Oct 1356 at age 71.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 120-33 (Roger de Mortimer) and line 176B-31 (Roger de Mortimer)

195. Eleanor ferch Philip ap Ifor (Catherine verch Llewellyn Gryffyth161, Llywelyn II, Prince of North Wales138, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1318. Another name for Eleanor was Eleanor Goch verch Philip.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008)., Line 254-33 (Thomas ap Llewellyn)

RootsWeb - Celtic Royal Genealogy - has b. 1318.

Eleanor married Thomas ap Llywelyn ap Owain, of Iscoed Uch Hirwen, Cardiganshire,172 son of Llywelyn ap Owain ap Maredudd and < > de Vale,. Thomas was born before 14 Aug 1343 and died in Iscoed Uch Hirwen, Cardiganshire, Wales. Other names for Thomas were Thomas ap Llewellyn ap Owain of Iscoed Uch Hirwen, Cardiganshire, Thomas ap Llewellyn Owen of Trefgarned, Lord of South Wales, and Thomas ap Llywelyn Arglwydd Iscoed.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Gruffydd Fychan II :

"Gruffydd Fychan II was married to Elen, daughter of Thomas ap Llwelyn lord of half the of commote Iscoed Uch Hirwen and of quarter of Gwynonydd , both in Cardiganshire."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 228 F    i. Elen verch Thomas ap Llewellyn Owen was born about 1337.

+ 229 F    ii. Margaret verch Thomas ap Llywelyn Owain .38

196. Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel, of Pen Gwern (Iorwerth Voel ap Iorwerth Vychan163, Katherine verch Gruffydd ap Llywelyn140, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 506

Ednyfed married someone.

His child was:

+ 230 M    i. Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel .

197. Gruffydd ap Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan 150 (Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Heilen, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan164, Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd141, Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire120, Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1322 in Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, (Bangor), Caernarfonshire, (Gwynedd), Wales and died in 1405 in Austria-Hungary about age 83. Other names for Gruffydd were Gruffydd ap Guilym and Griffith ap Gwilym.

Research Notes: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, Vol. IV, p. 342 shows him as "Gruffydd Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan," who was the second son of "Gwilym Gruffydd, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan."

---------
From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 57:

'Wm. Vaughan (Vychan) Chamberlain of No. Wales (son of Gwilym ab Gruffydd ab Gullym ab Gruffydd ab Heilen, by his 2d wife Sioned (Jonet) D. of Sir W. Stanley of Hooton, Chamberlain of No. Wales and Chester), and had all the land of his father, adn the lands also of Paris, (from whom Paris Mountain), by his mother's influence, and in the 18th year of Henry VI. (1440) he got himself made a denizen of England, under covenant that he should not marry any Welsh woman, so he married Alice, dau. and heir of Sir Richard Dalton, kt., by a daughter of Lord Clifford, his wife. Their son, Sir william Griffith, Hael (the Liberal), m. Jane, dau. of Sir Wm. Troutbeck, Kt., by his wife, a sister to Sir Thomas Stanley.'

---

From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :

"(2) GRIFFITH AP GWILYM (d. 1405) m. (c. 1360) Generys, daughter and heiress of Madog ap Goronwy Fychan who was third in descent from Ednyfed Fychan through his son, Goronwy , ancestor of the Tudors (see under Ednyfed Fychan ). She brought to her husband lands at Gwredog in Anglesey, together with her share of the family lands at 'Gafael Goronwy ab Ednyfed,' in the township of Cororion in Caernarvonshire. 'Gafael Goronwy ab Ednyfed' was the nucleus of the Penrhyn estate and the whole Gafael corresponds roughly to the present Penrhyn demesne, or park. This marriage marks the first link between the Griffith family and Penrhyn, but Griffith ap Gwilym lived throughout his life in north-east Wales. With his brother BLEDDYN, he d. in rebellion with Owain Glyndwr (q.v.) before Oct. 1406, but Bleddyn's descendants, together with those of Griffith ap Gwilym, through his youngest son, Rhys, continued to be represented in Flintshire and Denbighshire until the 16th cent. The personal connection of the family with Anglesey and Caernarvonshire began with the eldest and second sons of Griffith ap Gwilym."

By the will of Gwilym ap Griffith of Llaniestyn, dated 1375, the son of Gwilym ap Griffith ap Heilen and Eva verch Griffith, Griffith ap Gwilym inherited further lands in Anglesey and Caernarvonshire.

Gruffydd married Generys verch Madog ap Gronwy Fychan,183 daughter of Madog ap Goronwy Fychan, of Tref Castell and Margred verch Robert, about 1360. Generys was born about 1326 in Penmynydd, Anglesey, Wales. Other names for Generys were Generis verch Madoc of Penmynydd, Anglesey, Genesis verch Madoc, and Generys verch Madog ap Goronwy Fychan.

Marriage Notes: Source: Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html)

Research Notes: Daughter and heiress of Madog ap Goronwy Fychan

From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :

"(2) GRIFFITH AP GWILYM (d. 1405) m. (c. 1360) Generys, daughter and heiress of Madog ap Goronwy Fychan who was third in descent from Ednyfed Fychan through his son, Goronwy , ancestor of the Tudors (see under Ednyfed Fychan ). She brought to her husband lands at Gwredog in Anglesey, together with her share of the family lands at 'Gafael Goronwy ab Ednyfed,' in the township of Cororion in Caernarvonshire. 'Gafael Goronwy ab Ednyfed' was the nucleus of the Penrhyn estate and the whole Gafael corresponds roughly to the present Penrhyn demesne, or park. This marriage marks the first link between the Griffith family and Penrhyn, but Griffith ap Gwilym lived throughout his life in north-east Wales. With his brother BLEDDYN, he d. in rebellion with Owain Glyndwr (q.v.) before Oct. 1406, but Bleddyn's descendants, together with those of Griffith ap Gwilym, through his youngest son, Rhys, continued to be represented in Flintshire and Denbighshire until the 16th cent. The personal connection of the family with Anglesey and Caernarvonshire began with the eldest and second sons of Griffith ap Gwilym."
-------
From Annals and Antiquities, Vol. I, p. 362: "Gruffydd ap Gwilym, of Penrhyn and Cochwillan, by Generis, his wife, dau. and h. of Madoc ap Grono, or Gronwy, Fychan, of Penmynydd, Anglesey ("ap Gronwy ap Ednyfed Fychan"--Dwnn), had three sons and two daus."
------

From History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, Vol. IV, p. 342: "Generys, d. of Goronwy Fychan ab Goronwy ab Ednyfed Fychan of Tref Castell, Penmynydd, Arddreiniog, and Tref Gayan."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 231 M    i. Gwilym ap Gruffydd, Lord of Penrhyn 185 was born about 1365 in Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, (Bangor), Caernarfonshire, (Gwynedd), Wales and died in 1431 in Austria-Hungary about age 66.

+ 232 F    ii. Jonet verch Gruffudd ap Gwilym was born about 1376 in Cetheiniog, Caernarfonshire, Wales.

+ 233 M    iii. Robin ap Gruffydd, of Cochwillan .186

+ 234 M    iv. Rhys ap Gruffydd, of Nant in Tegeingl .

198. Bleddyn ap Gwilym (Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Heilen, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan164, Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd141, Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire120, Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died before Oct 1406.

Research Notes: Source: Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 362. Ancescor of the Morgans, Golden Grove ("Golgref"--Dwnn), co. of Flint.
----------
From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :
"With his brother BLEDDYN, [Griffith ap Gwilym] d. in rebellion with Owain Glyndwr (q.v.) before Oct. 1406, but Bleddyn's descendants, together with those of Griffith ap Gwilym, through his youngest son, Rhys, continued to be represented in Flintshire and Denbighshire until the 16th cent. The personal connection of the family with Anglesey and Caernarvonshire began with the eldest and second sons of Griffith ap Gwilym."

199. Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex 151 (Humphrey VI de Bohun165, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1249 and died on 31 Dec 1298 in Pleshey Castle, Essex, England about age 49.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-30 has b. abt 1249, d. Pleshey, 31 Dec. 1298, 3rd Earl of Hereford and Essex, Constable of England.
-------------
From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford:

"Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and 2nd Earl of Essex (1249 - December 31 , 1297 ) was one of several noblemen of the same name to have held the earldom of Hereford, and a key figure in the Norman conquest of Wales .

"He was the son of Humphrey de Bohun, by Eleanor de Braose, a daughter of William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny and Eve Marshall. His mother died in 1251 ; his father died in 1265 of wounds sustained at the Battle of Evesham . He succeeded his grandfather, Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford , in 1275 as Earl of Hereford and Essex and Lord High Constable .

"Humphrey de Bohun took part in Roger Mortimer 's war against the Welsh, and was present at the defeat at Cefnllys in November, 1262 , by Llywelyn ap Gruffydd . Around 1264 , he was made Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports .

"He also participated in the campaigns against the Gaules and Scots. He refused to pay tribute to Edward I of England and convened an army at Worcester on 24 Jun 1277. In the campaign he commanded the nobles of Marhces and recovered the land of Brecon. He was later imprisoned but freed by a ransom of 10,000 marcs.

"In 1294, Humprhey fought (again) against Edward at Gallois along with Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk and other barons. Ultimately, Humphrey regained the royal favor in Scotland on the side of Edward I, and won the victory at Falkirk on 22 July 1298. He died in Pleshley Castle, Essex on 31 December 1298 or 1 Jan 1299 and was buried with his wife at Walden Abbey in Essex, founded by Geoffrey de Mandeville "
-------------
From A History of Wales by John Davies, London, 2007, p.150:

"From 1272 onwards, Bohun and Mortimer redoubled their efforts to repossess the Marcher Lordships granted to Llywelyn under the Treaty of Montgomery. In 1274, there was a dramatic addition to the ranks of the prince's enemies when his brother, Dafydd, and his chief vassal, Gruffudd ap Gwenwynwyn, fled to England, leaving behind them evidence of a plot to kill him."

Noted events in his life were:

• Constable of England:

Humphrey married Maud de Fiennes,187 daughter of Ingelram II de Fiennes and Isabel de Conde, on 17 Jul 1275. Maud was born between 1236 and 1259 and died before 31 Dec 1298. Another name for Maud was Mahaud de Fiennes.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 158C-29.

Also Wikipedia (Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford)


The child from this marriage was:

+ 235 M    i. Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex 188 was born about 1276 in Pleshey Castle, Essex, England and died on 16 Mar 1322 in Boroughbridge, Yorkshire, England about age 46.

200. Alianore de Bohun 152 (Humphrey VI de Bohun165, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died on 20 Feb 1314.

Research Notes: Second wife of Robert de Ferrers.

Alianore married Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby,124 son of Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby and Margaret de Quincy, on 26 Jun 1269. Robert was born in 1239 and died in 1279 at age 40.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 171)

201. Isabella de Beauchamp 154 (William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1252 in <Warwick>, Warwickshire, England and died before 30 May 1306 in Elmley Castle, Worchestershire, England. Another name for Isabella was Isabel de Beauchamp.

Research Notes: FamilySearch lists 4 husbands:
William Blount of Belton, Rutland, England, m. abt 1261
Patrick de Chaworth, m. abt 1281
Hugh le Despencer, m. bef 1286
Henry Lovet

From Wikipedia - Isabella de Beauchamp :

Isabella de Beauchamp, Lady Kidwelly, Lady Despenser (died before 30 May 1306), was an English noblewoman and wealthy heiress. She married twice; firstly to Sir Patrick de Chaworth, Lord of Kidwelly, by whom she had a daughter, Maud Chaworth . Her second husband was Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winchester , by whom she had four children, including Hugh the younger Despenser .[1] Her second husband and eldest son were both executed in 1326 by the orders of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March , and his mistress, Isabella of France , Queen-consort of King Edward II . The couple were de facto rulers of England at the time. Isabella de Beauchamp had been dead for over twenty years at the time of their executions.

Family
Isabella was born on an unknown date in Warwickshire , England. She was the only daughter of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick and Maud FitzJohn . She had a brother, Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick who married Alice de Toeni , by whom he had seven children. Her paternal grandparents were William de Beauchamp of Elmley Castle and Isabel Maudit. Her maternal grandparents were Sir John FitzGeoffrey , Lord of Shere, and Isabel Bigod .

Marriages and children
Sometime before 1281, she married firstly Sir Patrick de Chaworth, Lord of Kidwelly in Carmarthenshire , South Wales. The marriage produced one daughter:

Maud Chaworth (2 February 1282- 1322), married Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster , by whom she had seven children.
Following Patrick's death in 1286, Isabella had in her possession four manors in Wiltshire and two manors in Berkshire , assigned to her until her dowry should be set forth along with the livery of Chedworth in Gloucestershire and the Hampshire manor of Hartley Mauditt which had been granted to her and Sir Patrick in frankmarriage by her father.[2]
That same year 1286, she married secondly Sir Hugh le Despenser without the King's licence for which Hugh had to pay a fine of 2000 marks .[2] He was created Lord Despenser by writ of summons to Parliament in 1295, thereby making Isabella Lady Despenser.
Together Hugh and Isabella had four children:[3]
Hugh le Depenser, Lord Despenser the Younger (1286- executed 24 November 1326), married Eleanor de Clare , by whom he had issue.
Aline le Despenser (died before 28 November 1353), married Edward Burnell, Lord Burnell
Isabella le Despenser (died 4/5 December 1334), married firstly as his second wife, John de Hastings, Lord Hastings, by whom she had three children. Their descendants became the Lords Hastings; she married secondly as his second wife, Sir Ralph de Monthermer, Lord Monthermer .
Philip le Despenser (died 1313), married as her first husband Margaret de Goushill, by whom he had issue.
Isabella died sometime before 30 May 1306. Twenty years later, her husband and eldest son, favourites of King Edward II , were both executed by the orders of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Queen Isabella. The couple were by that time the de facto rulers of England, and along with most of the people in the kingdom, they had resented the power both Despensers wielded over the King.

As her husband had been made Earl of Winchester in 1322, Isabella was never styled as the Countess of Winchester.

Isabella married William Blount, of Belton, Rutland 81 about 1261. William was born in England.

Isabella next married Sir Patrick de Chaworth, 5th Baron of Chaworth, Lord of Kidwelly,189 son of Patrick de Chaworth, of Kempsford and Hawise de London, before 1281. Patrick was born about 1260 and died on 7 Jul 1283 in <Kidwelly, > Carmarthenshire, Wales about age 23.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 236 F    i. Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester 190 was born on 2 Feb 1282 in <Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire>, Wales and died before 3 Dec 1322.

Isabella next married Sir Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester,191 son of Hugh le Despencer, 1st Baron le Despencer and Aline Bassett, Countess of Norfolk, in 1286. Hugh was born on 1 Mar 1260 and died on 27 Oct 1326 in Bristol, Gloucestershire, England at age 66. Another name for Hugh was Hugh "the Elder" le Despenser Sir.

Birth Notes: FamilySearch has Of, Winchester, Hampshire, England Or Louchborough, Leicestershire, England

Death Notes: Hanged

Research Notes: 3rd husband of Isabella de Beauchamp.

From Wikipedia - Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester :

Hugh le Despenser (1262 - October 27 , 1326 ), sometimes referred to as "the elder Despenser", was for a time the chief adviser to King Edward II of England .
He was the son of Hugh le Despencer, 1st Baron le Despencer (or Despenser), and Aliva Basset, sole daughter and heiress of Philip Basset . His father was killed at Evesham when Hugh was just a boy, but Hugh's patrimony was saved through the influence of his maternal grandfather (who had been loyal to the king).[1]

He married Isabel de Beauchamp, daughter of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick and Maud FitzJohn.

He was created a baron by writ of summons to Parliament in 1295. He was one of the few barons to remain loyal to Edward during the controversy regarding Piers Gaveston . Despenser became Edward's loyal servant and chief administrator after Gaveston was executed in 1312, but the jealousy of other barons - and, more importantly, his own corruption and unjust behaviour - led to his being exiled along with his son Hugh Despenser the younger in 1321, when Edmund de Woodstoke replaced him as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.

Edward found it difficult to manage without them, and recalled them to England a year later, an action which enraged the queen, Isabella , the more so when Despenser was created Earl of Winchester . When Isabella and her lover, Roger Mortimer , led a rebellion against the king, both Despensers were captured and executed. Queen Isabella interceded for him, but his enemies, notably Roger Mortimer and Henry, Earl of Lancaster, insisted that he should face trial and execution. The elder Despenser was hanged at Bristol on October 27, 1326.

References
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 72-31, 74-31, 74A-31, 93A-29
Fryde, Natalie (1979). The tyranny and fall of Edward II, 1321-1326. ISBN 0521548063 .
Karau, Björn: Günstlinge am Hof Edwards II. von England - Aufstieg und Fall der Despensers, MA-Thesis, Kiel 1999. (Free Download: )
Hunt, William (1888). "Hugh Despenser". Dictionary of National Biography 14.

Noted events in his life were:

• Baron le Despenser: 1265-1326.

• Justice in Eyre: sourth of the Trent, 1296-1307.

• Justice in Eyre: south of the Trent, 1307-1311.

• Justice in Eyre: south of the Trent, 1312-1314.

• Lord Wardens of the Cinque Ports: 1320.

• Earl of Winchester: 1322-1326.

• Justice in Eyre: south of the Trent, 1324-1326.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 237 M    i. Sir Hugh le Despenser, Baron Despenser 192 was born in 1286, died on 24 Nov 1326 in Hereford, Herefordshire, England at age 40, and was buried after 15 Dec 1330 in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.

+ 238 M    ii. Sir Edward Despenser 193 died on 30 Sep 1342.

202. Sarah de Beauchamp (William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick

203. Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick 155 (William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1272 in <Elmley Castle, Elmley>, Worcestershire, England, died on 12 Aug 1315 in Warwick, Warwickshire, England at age 43, and was buried in Bordesley Abbey, Worcestershire, England.

Guy married Alice de Toeni,133 daughter of Ralph de Toeni and Mary, on 10 Aug 1315 in Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England. Alice was born in 1284 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died on 1 Jan 1324 at age 40.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 239 M    i. Thomas de Beauchamp 133 was born on 14 Feb 1314 in <Warwick Castle, Warwickshire>, England, died on 13 Nov 1369 in Calais, Pas-de-Calais, France at age 55, and was buried in Saint Mary's, Warwick, Warwickshire, England.

204. Richard Beauchamp 157 (John De Beauchamp169, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1241 in Holt, Worcestershire, England and died in 1327 in Holt, Worcestershire, England at age 86.

Richard married Eustache.157 Eustache was born in 1297 in Holt, Worcestershire, England. Another name for Eustache was Eustace.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 240 M    i. Sir John de Beauchamp, Baron Kidderminster, Justice of North Wales 194 was born about 1319 in Holt Manor, Kidderminster, Worcestershire, England, died on 12 May 1388 in London, Middlesex, England about age 69, and was buried in Worcester Cathedral, Worcester, Worcestershire, England.

205. Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton 159 (Agnes de Ferrers170, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 21 Dec 1276 and died After Jun 1340 By Dec 1350. Another name for Hawise was Hawyse de Muscegros of Charlton.

Hawise married Sir John de Ferrers, of Southoe and Keyston,160 son of Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby and Alianore de Bohun, Betw 2 Feb 1298 and 13 Sep 1300. John was born on 30 Jun 1271 in Cardiff and died in Aug 1312 in Gascony at age 41.

Noted events in his life were:

• 1st Lord Ferrers: of Chartley, Staffordshire.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 241 F    i. Eleanor de Ferrers 195 was born about 1320 in Chartley, Staffordshire, England.

206. Sir John de Ferrers, of Southoe and Keyston 160 (Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby171, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 30 Jun 1271 in Cardiff and died in Aug 1312 in Gascony at age 41.

Noted events in his life were:

• 1st Lord Ferrers: of Chartley, Staffordshire.

John married Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton,159 daughter of Sir Robert de Muscegros, of Charlton, Somerset and Agnes de Ferrers, between 2 Feb 1298 and 13 Sep 1300. Hawise was born on 21 Dec 1276 and died After Jun 1340 By Dec 1350. Another name for Hawise was Hawyse de Muscegros of Charlton.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 205)

207. Maurice de Berkeley 128 (Joan de Ferrers172, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Apr 1271 in <Berkeley Castle, > near Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, died on 31 May 1326 in Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Berkshire (Oxfordshire), England at age 55, and was buried in St. Augustine's, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England. Another name for Maurice was Maurice "the Magnanimous" de Berkeley.

Birth Notes: May have been April 1281.

Maurice married Eve La Zouche,164 daughter of Eudo La Zouche and Millicent de Cantelou, in 1289 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. Eve was born about 1281 in <Harringworth, Northamptonshire>, England, died on 5 Dec 1314 about age 33, and was buried in Church, Portbury, Somersetshire, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 242 F    i. Isabel Berkeley 128 was born about 1307 in <Berkeley Castle, > near Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England and died on 25 Jul 1362 in Hartley Castle, Kirkeby Stephen, Westmoreland, England about age 55.

208. Cecilia de Vivonne 162 (Matilda de Ferrers173, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1253 in <Hatch, Somersetshire, England>, died on 10 Jan 1320 in Stoke-under-Hamden, Somersetshire, England about age 67, and was buried in <Fort in Poitore>. Another name for Cecilia was Cicely de Vivonne.

Cecilia married John Beauchamp,196 son of Robert Beauchamp and Alice de Mohun, about 1273 in Hatch, Somersetshire, England. John was born in 1249 in Hatch, Somersetshire, England, died on 24 Oct 1283 in Hatch, Somersetshire, England at age 34, and was buried on 31 Oct 1283 in Stoke-sub-Hamdon, Somersetshire, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 243 M    i. John de Beauchamp 162 was born on 25 Jul 1274 in Hatch, Somersetshire, England, died on 12 Oct 1336 at age 62, and was buried in 1337 in Stoke-sub-Hamdon, Somersetshire, England.

209. Isabel Aguillon 128 (Joan de Ferrers174, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 25 Mar 1258 in <Addington>, Surrey, England and died in 1323 at age 65.

Isabel married Hugh Bardolf,128 son of William Bardolf and Julian de Gournay,. Hugh was born on 29 Sep 1259 in <Wormegay>, Norfolk, England, died in Sep 1304 at age 45, and was buried in Shelford Priory, Nottinghamshire, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 244 M    i. Thomas Bardolf 128 was born on 4 Oct 1282 in <Watton-on-Stone>, Hertfordshire, England, died on 15 Dec 1328 in Watton-on-Stone, Hertfordshire, England at age 46, and was buried in Shelford Priory, Nottinghamshire, England.

210. Millicent de Cantelou 164 (Eve de Braose, of Abergavenny177, William de Braose, , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny147, Reynold de Braose126, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1250 in <Calne, Wiltshire>, England and died before 7 Jan 1299 in Harringworth, Northamptonshire, England. Other names for Millicent were Millicent de Cantilou, Millicent de Cantilupe, and Millicent de Cauntelo.

Millicent married Eudo La Zouche,164 son of Sir Alan La Zouche and Helen de Quincy, of Brackley, before 1273 in Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, England. Eudo was born about 1244 in <Ashby, Leicestershire, England> and died before 25 Jun 1279. Another name for Eudo was Eon La Zouche.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 245 F    i. Eve La Zouche 164 was born about 1281 in <Harringworth, Northamptonshire>, England, died on 5 Dec 1314 about age 33, and was buried in Church, Portbury, Somersetshire, England.

+ 246 F    ii. Lucy de La Zouche 197 was born in 1279 in Ashby De La Zouche, Leicestershire, England and died on 23 Oct 1326 in Harringworth, Northamptonshire, England at age 47.

211. Alice de Toeni 133 (Ralph de Toeni179, Petronilla de Lacy148, Margeret de Braose127, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1284 in <Flamsted, Hertfordshire>, England and died on 1 Jan 1324 at age 40.

Alice married Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick,155 son of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick and Maud FitzGeoffrey, on 10 Aug 1315 in Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England. Guy was born in 1272 in <Elmley Castle, Elmley>, Worcestershire, England, died on 12 Aug 1315 in Warwick, Warwickshire, England at age 43, and was buried in Bordesley Abbey, Worcestershire, England.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 203)

212. Sir Piers de Geneville, Lord of Walterstone-Saunton-Lacy (Maud de Lacy180, Gilbert de Lacy, of Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire149, Margeret de Braose127, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died on 8 Jun 1292.

Research Notes: Lord of Walterstone-Staunton-Lacy, Ludlow, Malmeshull, Wulveslow and Ewyas-Lacy, Baron Geneville of Trim

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 71A-31

Piers married Jeanne de Lusignan, de la Marche, daughter of Hugh XII de Lusignan, Comte de la Marche et Angoulême and Jeanne de Fougères, Dame of Fougères,. Jeanne died before 18 Apr 1323.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 71A-31 (Sir Piers de Geneville)


The child from this marriage was:

+ 247 F    i. Joan de Geneville was born 2 Feb 1285 or 1286 and died on 19 Oct 1356 at age 71.

213. Isabel Mauduit 119 (Alice de Beaumont183, Alice de Harcourt150, Robert de Harcourt, of Stanton-Harcourt, Oxfordshire128, Avelina Agnes de Braose100, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1214, died before 1268, and was buried in Nunnery of Cokehill, Worcestershire, England.

Research Notes: From William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick :
His father was William de Beauchamp of Elmley Castle , his mother, Isabel Mauduit, sister and heiress of William Mauduit, 8th Earl of Warwick .
-----
From William Maudit, 8th Earl of Warwick :
He was the son of Alice de Beaumont (daughter of the 4th Earl) and William de Maudit, and so was the grandson of Waleran de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Warwick . His father was the lord of Hanslape and hereditary chamberlain of the exchequer, a title that went back to another William Maudit who held that office for Henry I .
He died without issue and the estates then passed to his sister Isabel de Maudit who had married William de Beauchamp. She died shortly after Warwick's death and the title passed to their son William .

Isabel married William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp,100 son of Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire and Isabella de Mortimer,. William was born about 1210 and died in 1269 about age 59. Another name for William was William de Beauchamp of Elmley Castle, Worcestershire.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick :
His father was William de Beauchamp of Elmley Castle , his mother, Isabel Mauduit, sister and heiress of William Mauduit, 8th Earl of Warwick .

Noted events in his life were:

• 5th Baron Beauchamp:

• Will: 7 Jan 1269.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 145)

214. William Mauduit, 8th Earl of Warwick 167 (Alice de Beaumont183, Alice de Harcourt150, Robert de Harcourt, of Stanton-Harcourt, Oxfordshire128, Avelina Agnes de Braose100, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1220 and died on 8 Jan 1267 about age 47.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - William Maudit, 8th Earl of Warwick :

William Maudit (or Mauduit), 8th Earl of Warwick (abt 1220 - 8 January 1267 ), was an English nobleman and participant in the Barons' War .

He was the son of Alice de Beaumont (daughter of the 4th Earl) and William de Maudit, and so was the grandson of Waleran de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Warwick . His father was the lord of Hanslape and hereditary chamberlain of the exchequer, a title that went back to another William Maudit who held that office for Henry I .

He adhered to Henry III in the wars with the barons . He was surprised in his own castle, Warwick Castle by John Giffard , the governor of Kenilworth Castle . The walls of the castle were destroyed and the countess taken prisoner to Kenilworth, and only released on payment of a ransom nineteen hundred marks.

William Mauduit made the castle in the corner of Portchester Castle (Portus Adurni) for an unknown reason. This was made in 1090 and is a Norman Castle and had palisades on each side of the castle.

He died without issue and the estates then passed to his sister Isabel de Maudit who had married William de Beauchamp. She died shortly after Warwick's death and the title passed to their son William .

215. John le Despencer 169 (Emma de Harcourt184, Richard de Harcourt151, Robert de Harcourt, of Stanton-Harcourt, Oxfordshire128, Avelina Agnes de Braose100, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1235 in Defford, Worcestershire, England and died in 1251 in Loughborough, Leicestershire, England at age 16.

John married Anne in 1260 in Defford, Worcestershire, England. Anne was born about 1240 in Defford, Worcestershire, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 248 M    i. Sir William Spencer 198 was born in 1263 in Belton, Worcestershire, England and died in 1328 in Defford, Worcestershire, England at age 65.

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216. Alswn ferch Hywel ap Gronwy, of Hafod-y-Wern 170 (Hywel ap Gronwy ap Ieuan, of Hafod-y-Wern185, Gronwy ap Ieuan, of Havod y Wern152, Ieuan ap Gronwy, of Hafod-y-Wern129, Gronwy ap Hwfa, of Hafod-y-Wern101, Hwfa ap Iorwerth, of Hafod-y-Wern82, Iorwerth Vychan ap Ieuaf, of Llwynon, co. Denbig59, Ieuaf ap Ninniau47, Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Hafod-y-Wern, (Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales. Other names for Alswn were Alice verch Howel ap Goronwy, Alson verch Howel ap Goronwy of Havod y Wern, Alswn verch Howel ap Grono of Hafod-y-Wern, and Alsion verch Howell ap Grono of Hafod-y-Wern.

Research Notes: Second wife of Hywel ap Ieuan.
-----------
From History of the Town of Wrexham, pp. 137-138:
"Hywel ap Goronwy ... left two daughters, of whom Alswn (the Welsh form of Alice) had Hafod y wern for her portion, and married Hywel ap Ieuan ap Gruffydd, of Bersham (living in 1467), by whom she had one daughter, Alswn, sole heiress of Hafod y wern, who married John Puleston, Esq., of Bers (Plas ym Mhers, now called 'Upper Berse'), eldest son of Madoc Puleston, Esq."

Alswn married Hywel ap Ieuan ap Gruffudd, of Bersham, son of Ieuan ap Gruffudd and Lucy verch David ap Gwyn,. Hywel was born in Bersham, (Denbighshire), Wales. Another name for Hywel was Howel ap Ieuan ap Gruffydd of Bersham.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg56.htm#1143

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. II (London, 1882) has from Cae Cyriog M.S.; Lewys Dwnn, vol ii:
"Alson, heiress of Havod y Wern, and dau. of Howel ab Ieuan ab Gruffydd of Bersham, and Alson, his second wife, d. and heiress of Howel ab Goronwy of Havod y Wern."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 249 F    i. Alswn Fychan ferch Hywel ap Ieuan, of Havod y Wern, Bersham, Co. Denbigh 199 died in <Hafod-y-Wern, (Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales>.

+ 250 F    ii. Gwervil verch Howell .

217. Thomas ap Llywelyn ap Owain, of Iscoed Uch Hirwen, Cardiganshire 172 (Llywelyn ap186, Owain ap, of Cardigan153, Maredudd ap, Lord of Cardigan Uch Ayron130, Owain ap103, Gruffudd ap, Prince of Deheubarth85, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born before 14 Aug 1343 and died in Iscoed Uch Hirwen, Cardiganshire, Wales. Other names for Thomas were Thomas ap Llewellyn ap Owain of Iscoed Uch Hirwen, Cardiganshire, Thomas ap Llewellyn Owen of Trefgarned, Lord of South Wales, and Thomas ap Llywelyn Arglwydd Iscoed.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Gruffydd Fychan II :

"Gruffydd Fychan II was married to Elen, daughter of Thomas ap Llwelyn lord of half the of commote Iscoed Uch Hirwen and of quarter of Gwynonydd , both in Cardiganshire."

Thomas married Eleanor ferch Philip ap Ifor, daughter of Philip ap Ifor, Lord of Is Coed and Catherine verch Llewellyn Gryffyth,. Eleanor was born in 1318. Another name for Eleanor was Eleanor Goch verch Philip.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008)., Line 254-33 (Thomas ap Llewellyn)

RootsWeb - Celtic Royal Genealogy - has b. 1318.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 195)

218. Trahairn Goch ap Madoc ap Rhys-Gloff, Lord of Llyn, Grainianoc and Penllech (Madoc ap187, Rhys-Gloff, Lord of Cymcydmaen154, Rhys-Vaughn, Lord of Yestradtywy132, Rhys-Mechyllt, of Llandovery Castle106, Rhys Gwyg ap, Lord of Yestradtywy87, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Welsh Settlement of Pensylvania by Charles H. Browning (Philadelphia, 1912), p. 281.

Trahairn married someone.

His child was:

+ 251 M    i. David Goch ap Trahairn Goch, Lord of Penllech .

219. Sir Owen Meredith Tudor 173 (Maredudd ap Tudur188, Tudur ap Goronwy155, Goronwy ap Tudur Hen, Lord of Penmynydd133, Tudur Hen ap Goronwy107, Goronwy ap Ednyfed Vychan, Lord of Tref-Gastell in Anglesea88, Gwenllian verch Griffith ap Rhys62, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1400 and died on 2 Feb 1461 about age 61. Other names for Owen were Owain ap Maredudd ap Tewdwr and Owen ap Maredudd ap Tudor.

Death Notes: Executed by the Yorkists following the Battle of Mortimer's Cross in Herefordshire.

Owen married Catherine, of Valois.200 Catherine was born on 27 Oct 1401 in Hôtel Saint-Pol, Paris, France, died on 3 Jan 1437 in London, Middlesex, England at age 35, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, London, Midlesex, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 252 M    i. Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond 201 was born in 1430 in England, died on 3 Nov 1456 in Carmarthen Castle at age 26, and was buried in Carmarthen Grey Friars.

220. Margery de Badlesmere 176 (Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1306 and died on 18 Oct 1363 at age 57. Another name for Margery was Margaret de Badlesmere.

Margery married John Tybotot 128 before 24 Jul 1337 in Castle Badlesmere, Kent, England. John was born on 20 Jul 1313 in <Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland>, England and died on 13 Apr 1367 at age 53. Another name for John was John de Tiptoft.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 253 M    i. Robert Tiptoft 128 was born about 1340 in <Nettlestead, Suffolk>, England, was christened on 11 Jun 1341 in Nettlestead, Suffolk, England, and died on 13 Apr 1372 about age 32.

Margery next married William de Ros, 2nd Lord Ros of Helmsley 202 before 25 Nov 1326. William died on 3 Feb 1343.

Noted events in his life were:

• Member of Parliament: 1317-1340.

• Served: in Scotland, 1316-1335.

• Sheriff of Yorkshire: 1326.

221. Elizabeth de Badlesmere 177 (Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1313 in Castle Badlesmere, Kent, England, died on 8 Jun 1356 about age 43, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England. Another name for Elizabeth was Elizabeth de Badelsmer.

Death Notes: Wikipedia (or some other source) has d. 8 Jun 1356. This contradicts Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, Edited by Thomas Allen Glenn at the request of Howard Reifsnyder, privately printed, Philadelphia, 1902, provided by http://books.google.com, pp. 49, which has 5 Jun 1378, taken from the inscription on a table in Black Friars church, London.

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, pp. 49-50:

"II WILLIAM DE BOHUN, Earl of Northampton and Knight of the Garter, who died 1360. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Bartholomew de Badelsmer--Lord Badelsmer, of Leeds Castle, County Kent, who was beheaded at Canterbury, 1322. The will of this Elizabeth is dated 1356, being executed prior to her husband's decease, but she did not die until 1378, as appears by the following inscription on a tablet erected to her memory in Black Friars, London:

"'Here lieth the body of Lady Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir Bartholomew Balitismer, wife of William Bohun, Earl of Northampton, and mother of the Earles of March and Northampton, and of Elizabeth, Countess of Arundell. She died 5id of June, anno Christi, 1378.' She was interred before the high altar..
--Weever's Funeral Monuments, page 77].

"Her will was as follows:
'I, Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Northampton, on the last day of May 1356, with the leave of my husband to make this my will. My body to be buried in the choir of the Church of the Friar preachers, London: to that church C. Marks sterling, and also the cross made of the very wood of our Saviour's Cross, which I was wont to carry about me, and wherein is contained one of the thorns of his crown; also I bequeath to the said Church two fine acton clothes of one suit, two of cloth of gold, one chalice, one missal, one graile, and one silver bell, likewise thirty-one ells of linen cloth for making of abes, on pulpitary, one portfory, and an holy water pot of silver; to the Friars Preachers of Oxford one hundred marks, two cloths of gold of one suit and one chalice; to the Friars Preachers of Cambridge, fifty pounds; to those of Chelmsford, twenty pounds; to those of Exeter, twenty pounds; also I will that one hundred and fifty marks be distributed to several other convents of Friar Preachers, in such manner as Friar David de Stirington shall think best, for my soul's health; to the Grey Friars in London, five marks; to the Augustines, five marks; to the Churches of Rochford, one pair of vestments which I used on holidays in my own Chapel; to the Earl of Hereford, my lord, a tablet of gold with the form of a crucifix thereon; to Humphrey, my son, a cup of silver, gilt with two basons and one ewer of silver; to Elizabeth, my daughter, a bed of Red Worsted embroided; to my sister, the Countess of Oxford, a black horse and a nonche; to my sister, Roos, a set of beads of gold and jet, with a firmaile.' [Testamenta Vetusta, Nichol. Page 60: et Dugdale, Vol. I., page 180.] William de Bohun and Elizabeth, his wife, had issue: [Lady Elizabeth de Bohun]"
--------
From Wikipedia - Elizabeth de Badlesmere :

Elizabeth de Badlesmere, Countess of Northampton (1313- 8 June 1356) was the wife of two English noblemen, Sir Edmund Mortimer and William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton . She was a co-heiress of her brother Giles de Badlesmere, 2nd Baron Badlesmere .

Family
Elizabeth was born at Castle Badlesmere , Kent , England in 1313 to Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare . She was the third of four daughters. She had one younger brother Giles de Badlesmere, 2nd Baron Badlesmere (18 October 1314- 7 June 1338) who married Elizabeth Montagu, by whom he had four daughters.
Her paternal grandparents were Guncelin de Badlesmere and Joan FitzBernard. Her maternal grandparents were Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond and Juliana FitzGerald of Offaly .

Elizabeth's father was hanged on 14 April 1322 for treason against King Edward II of England , and her mother imprisoned in the Tower of London until 3 November 1322. She had been arrested the previous October for refusing Queen Isabella admittance to Leeds Castle , where Lord Badlesmere held the post of castellan .[1]

In 1328, Elizabeth's brother Giles obtained a reversal of his father's attainder , and he succeeded to the barony as the 2nd Baron Badlesmere. Elizabeth, along with her three sisters, was a co-heiress of Giles who had no male issue. Upon his death in 1338, the barony fell fell into abeyance. The Badlesmere estates were divided between the four sisters.

Marriages and children
On 27 June 1316, when she was just three years old, Elizabeth married her first husband Sir Edmund Mortimer (1310- 16 December 1331)[2] son of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville . The marriage produced two sons:
Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March (11 November 1328 Ludlow Castle - 26 February 1360), married Philippa Montacute, daughter of William Montacute, 1st Earl of Salisbury and Catherine Grandison , by whom he had issue, including Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March ).
John Mortimer (died young)

In 1335, just over three years after the death of Edmund Mortimer, Elizabeth married secondly William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton (1312- 1360), fifth son of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan . He was a renowned military commander and diplomat.
By her second marriage, Elizabeth had two more children:[3]
Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford 6th Earl of Essex, 2nd Earl of Northampton (24 March 1342- 16 January 1373), after 9 September 1359, married Joan Fitzalan , by whom he had two daughters, Eleanor de Bohun Duchess of Gloucester, and Mary de Bohun , wife of Henry of Bolingbroke (who later reigned as King Henry IV ).

Elizabeth de Bohun (c.1350- 3 April 1385), on 28 September 1359, married Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel , by whom she had seven children including Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel , Elizabeth FitzAlan and Lady Joan FitzAlan , Baroness Bergavenny.

Death
Elizabeth de Badlesmere died on 8 June 1356. She was about forty-three years old. She was buried in Walden Abbey , Essex . Her many descendants included Kings Henry V of England and Edward IV of England , Anne Mortimer , Anne Boleyn , Mary Boleyn , and Diana, Princess of Wales .

Elizabeth married Edmund de Mortimer, of Wigmore. Edmund died in 1331.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), Line 65-34 (Elizabeth de Badlesmere) and 29-32.

Elizabeth next married Sir William de Bohun, K.G., 1st Earl of Northampton,203 son of Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex and Elizabeth, of Rhuddlan, Princess of England,. William was born about 1311 and died on 16 Sep 1360 about age 49.

Research Notes: He was the twin of Edward de Bohun.

From Wikipedia - William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton:

He was the fifth son of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan . He had a twin brother, Edward. His maternal grandparents were Edward I of England and his first Queen consort Eleanor of Castile .

In 1332 he received many new properties: Hinton and Spaine in Berkshire; Hasley, Ascot, Dedington, Pyrton and Kirklington in Oxfordshire; Wincomb in Buckinghamshire; Longbenington in Lincolnshire; Kneesol in Bottinghamshire; Newnsham in Gloucestershire, Wix in Essex, and Bosham in Sussex. He was created Earl of Northampton in 1337 , adding to the titles of Count of Hereford and Essex.

In 1339 he accompanied the King to Flanders. He served variously in Brittany and in Scotland , and was present at the great English victories at Sluys and was a commander at Crécy .

In addition to being a warrior, William was also a renowned diplomat. He negotiated two treaties with France, one in 1343 and one in 1350. He was also charged with negotiating in Scotland for the freedom of David Bruce, prisoner of the English.

De Bohun was succeeded by his son Humphrey , who also succeeded his uncle and became 7th earl of Hereford. His daughter Elizabeth de Bohun was married to Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel .

Noted events in his life were:

• 6th Earl of Northampton: 16 Mar 1337.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 254 M    i. Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, Earl of Essex & Northampton 204 was born in 1342, died on 16 Jan 1373 at age 31, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

+ 255 F    ii. Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel 205 was born about 1350 and died on 3 Apr 1385 about age 35.

222. < > de Badlesmere, Countess of Oxford (Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

223. Roos de Badlesmere (Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

224. Gruffydd Fychan II ap Gruffydd ap Madog, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy (Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan, of Rhuddallt190, Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan157, Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog135, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born before 1330 and died in 1369. Other names for Gruffydd were Gruffydd Fychan II Lord of Glyndyfrdwy & Cynllaith Owain, Griffith Fychan Lord of Glyndwrdwy, co. Merioneth, Griffith Vychan ap Griffith ap Kuddall, and Gruffydd Vychan.

Research Notes: Baron of Glyndyfrdwy, Lord of Cynllaith Owain

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 249-34 - Gruffydd Fychan ap Gruffydd, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy, Lord of Cynllaith Owain

Wikipedia (Gruffydd Fychan II):

Gruffydd Fychan II was Lord of Glyndyfrdwy and Lord of Cynllaith Owain c.1330 -1369 . He was also the hereditary prince of Powys Fadog . His genealogy is uncertain and several tables convey conflicting data. It has been thought that he was the son of Madog Crypl who died in 1304 . However, for him to inherit the throne then and to rule until 1369 seems unlikely. Other tables suggest his father was Gruffydd ap Madog Fychan a son of Madog Fychan .
Gruffydd Fychan II was married to Elen daughter of Thomas ap Llwelyn, of Iscoed and had issue

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, Issued by the Powys-Land Club for the Use of Its Members, London, 1880, p. 123 has "Griffith Vychan ap Griffith ap Kuddall. (The like.)"

Gruffydd married Elen verch Thomas ap Llewellyn Owen, daughter of Thomas ap Llywelyn ap Owain, of Iscoed Uch Hirwen, Cardiganshire and Eleanor ferch Philip ap Ifor,. Elen was born about 1337. Other names for Elen were Eleanor Llwellyn, Elen Llwellyn, Ellen verch Thomas ap Llewellin, Eleanor verch Thomas ap Llewellyn Owen, and Helen verch Thomas ap Llwellyn.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008)., Line 254-34

Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg60.htm#1202

Also Wikipedia (Gruffydd Fychan II)

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, Issued by the Powys-Land Club for the Use of Its Members, London, 1880, p. 123 has "Ellen, dau. and coheir of Thomas ap Llewellin. (Gu., within a bordure or, a lion ramp. of the last.)"

Source: Rootsweb - Celtic Royal Genealogy has b. abt 1337


Children from this marriage were:

+ 256 M    i. Owain Glyn Dwr ap Gruffudd, of Glyndyfrdwy and Sycharth was born about 1354.

+ 257 F    ii. Isabel Fychan .

+ 258 M    iii. Tudor ap Gruffydd Fychan, Lord of Gwyddelwern 206 was born about 1365 and died on 15 May 1405 in Pwll Melyn (Usk), (Monmouthshire), (Wales) about age 40.

+ 259 F    iv. Lowry Fychan verch Gruffydd Fychan was born about 1367.

225. Adam Bostock (Margaret Whetenhall191, Agnes Arderne158, Margaret verch Gruffydd136, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1)

Adam married someone.

His child was:

+ 260 M    i. Ralph Bostock

226. Sir Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel 180 (Sir Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel192, Isabella de Mortimer159, Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 1 May 1285 and died on 17 Nov 1326 in Hereford, Herefordshire, England at age 41. Other names for Edmund were Edmund FitzAlan d'Arundel and Sir Edmund FitzAlan d'Arundel.

Death Notes: Beheaded

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel :

Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel (8th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots) (1 May 1285 - 17 November 1326).

Lineage
Born in the Castle of Marlborough in Wiltshire . He was the son of Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel (7th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots) and Alice of Saluzzo (also known as Alesia di Saluzzo), daughter of Thomas I of Saluzzo in Italy . He succeeded to his father's estates and titles on his death in 1302.

Prominent Nobleman
Edmund was an English nobleman prominent in the contention between Edward II and his Barons and second de facto Earl of Arundel of the FitzAlan line.
He was summoned to Parliament, 9 November 1306, as Earl of Arundel , and took part in the Scottish wars of that year.

Coronation duty
Arundel bore the Royal robes at Edward II's coronation, but he soon fell out with the King's favorite Piers Gaveston . In 1310 he was one of the Lords Ordainers , and he was one of the 5 Earls who allied in 1312 to oust Gaveston. Arundel resisted reconciling with the King after Gaveston's death, and in 1314 he along with some other Earls refused to help the King's Scottish campaign, which contributed in part to the English defeat at Bannockburn .

Allied to the Despensers
A few years later Arundel allied with King Edward's new favorites, Hugh le Despenser and his son of the same name, and had his son and heir, Richard, married to a daughter of the younger Hugh le Despenser. He reluctantly consented to the Despenser's banishment in 1321, and joined the King's efforts to restore them in 1321. Over the following years Arundel was one of the King's principal supporters, and after the capture of Roger Mortimer in 1322 he received a large part of the forfeited Mortimer estates. He also held the two great offices governing Wales, becoming Justice of Wales in 1322 and Warden of the Welsh Marches , responsible for the array in Wales, in 1325 and Constable of Montgomery Castle , his official base.

Loyalty
After Mortimer's escape from prison and invasion of England in 1326, amongst the Barons only Arundel and his brother-in-law John de Warenne remained loyal to the King.

Capture & execution
Their defensive efforts were ineffective, and Arundel was captured and executed at the behest of Queen Isabella .

Estates Forfeited
His estates and titles were forfeited when he was executed, but they were eventually restored to his eldest son Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel .

Marriage and issue
In 1305, Edmund married Alice de Warenne (June1287-23 May 1338) sister and eventual heiress of John de Warenne , 8th Earl of Surrey , daughter of William de Warenne and Joan de Vere . Their children included:
Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel
Alice FitzAlan, who married John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford

References
The Royal Ancestry Bible Royal Ancestors of 300 Colonial American Families by Michel L. Call (chart 28) ISBN 1-933194-22-7
Roy Martin (2003), King Edward II: His Life, His Reign, and Its Aftermath, 1284-1330, McGill-Queen's Press, ISBN 0773524320
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 28-32, 60-31, 83-30

Noted events in his life were:

• Knighted: 22 May 1306.

• Member: of Parliament, 1306.

Edmund married Alice de Warenne,207 daughter of Sir William de Warenne, Earl of Surrey and Joan de Vere, in 1305. Alice died before 23 May 1338.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 261 M    i. Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne 208 was born about 1313, died on 24 Jan 1376 in Arundel, West Sussex, England about age 63, and was buried in Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England.

227. Alice Audley 182 (Isolde de Mortimer193, Sir Edmund de Mortimer, 7th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore160, Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1304 in Hadley, Staffordshire, England, died on 11 Jan 1374 in Greystoke, Northumberland, England about age 70, and was buried in Durham Cathedral, Durham, Durham, England.

Alice married Ralph Neville,209 son of Randolf de Neville and Eupheme FitzRoger Clavering, on 14 Jan 1326 in Stratton Audley, Oxfordshire, England. Ralph was born about 1290 in <Raby>, Durham, England, died on 5 Aug 1367 in Durham, England about age 77, and was buried in Cathedral Church, Durham, Durham, England.

Marriage Notes: by Royal license

The child from this marriage was:

+ 262 M    i. John Neville 209 was born about 1328 in <Raby With Keverstone>, Durham, England and died on 17 Oct 1388 in Newcastle Upon Tyne, Northumberland, England about age 60.

228. Elen verch Thomas ap Llewellyn Owen (Eleanor ferch Philip ap Ifor195, Catherine verch Llewellyn Gryffyth161, Llywelyn II, Prince of North Wales138, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1337. Other names for Elen were Eleanor Llwellyn, Elen Llwellyn, Ellen verch Thomas ap Llewellin, Eleanor verch Thomas ap Llewellyn Owen, and Helen verch Thomas ap Llwellyn.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008)., Line 254-34

Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg60.htm#1202

Also Wikipedia (Gruffydd Fychan II)

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, Issued by the Powys-Land Club for the Use of Its Members, London, 1880, p. 123 has "Ellen, dau. and coheir of Thomas ap Llewellin. (Gu., within a bordure or, a lion ramp. of the last.)"

Source: Rootsweb - Celtic Royal Genealogy has b. abt 1337

Elen married Gruffydd Fychan II ap Gruffydd ap Madog, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy, son of Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan, of Rhuddallt and Elizabeth le Strange,. Gruffydd was born before 1330 and died in 1369. Other names for Gruffydd were Gruffydd Fychan II Lord of Glyndyfrdwy & Cynllaith Owain, Griffith Fychan Lord of Glyndwrdwy, co. Merioneth, Griffith Vychan ap Griffith ap Kuddall, and Gruffydd Vychan.

Research Notes: Baron of Glyndyfrdwy, Lord of Cynllaith Owain

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 249-34 - Gruffydd Fychan ap Gruffydd, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy, Lord of Cynllaith Owain

Wikipedia (Gruffydd Fychan II):

Gruffydd Fychan II was Lord of Glyndyfrdwy and Lord of Cynllaith Owain c.1330 -1369 . He was also the hereditary prince of Powys Fadog . His genealogy is uncertain and several tables convey conflicting data. It has been thought that he was the son of Madog Crypl who died in 1304 . However, for him to inherit the throne then and to rule until 1369 seems unlikely. Other tables suggest his father was Gruffydd ap Madog Fychan a son of Madog Fychan .
Gruffydd Fychan II was married to Elen daughter of Thomas ap Llwelyn, of Iscoed and had issue

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, Issued by the Powys-Land Club for the Use of Its Members, London, 1880, p. 123 has "Griffith Vychan ap Griffith ap Kuddall. (The like.)"

(Duplicate Line. See Person 224)

229. Margaret verch Thomas ap Llywelyn Owain 38 (Eleanor ferch Philip ap Ifor195, Catherine verch Llewellyn Gryffyth161, Llywelyn II, Prince of North Wales138, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

230. Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel (Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel, of Pen Gwern196, Iorwerth Voel ap Iorwerth Vychan163, Katherine verch Gruffydd ap Llywelyn140, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1). Another name for Daffyd was David ap Ednyfed Gam.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 249-36

Also Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 506

Source: A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire by Sir [John] Bernard Burke (London, 1866), p. 538

Daffyd married Gwenhwyfar verch Adda Goch.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 506


Children from this marriage were:

+ 263 M    i. Edwart Trevor ap Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam, of Bryncinallt was born about 1382 and died in 1448 about age 66.

+ 264 F    ii. Margaret verch David ap Ednyfed Gam .


231. Gwilym ap Gruffydd, Lord of Penrhyn 185 (Gruffydd ap Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan197, Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Heilen, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan164, Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd141, Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire120, Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1365 in Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, (Bangor), Caernarfonshire, (Gwynedd), Wales and died in 1431 in Austria-Hungary about age 66. Another name for Gwilym was Gwilym ap Gruffudd ap Gwilym of Penrhyn.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 gives b. abt 1330, d. abt 1431. Another source says b. abt 1365.

Research Notes: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd, Vol. IV, p. 342 shows him as "Gwilym ab Gruffydd, Lord of Penrhyn," the second son of "Gruffydd Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan," who was the second son of "Gwilym Gruffydd, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan."

----

From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :

"(3) The eldest son of Griffith and Generys, GWILYM AP GRIFFITH (d. 1431), m. (c. 1390) his kinswoman, Morfydd, daughter of Goronwy ap Tudur (ob. 1382) of Penmynydd (see under Ednyfed Fychan ). Gwilym thereby gained a further share in 'Gafael Goronwy ab Ednyfed' (Penrhyn) as well as lands in Anglesey. In 1389, Gwilym and his younger brother, ROBIN AP GRIFFITH, were granted by their father his lands in Caernarvonshire and Anglesey and it was probably this step which led to their firm establishment in the area. Lands in Bodfeio were given to Robin, who was the ancestor of the family of Williams of Cochwillan (q.v. in App.) . Gwilym was the real founder of the Penrhyn family, but his precise place of residence before 1400 is not known. His wife's dowry had strengthened his hold on 'Gafael Goronwy ab Ednyfed' (Penrhyn) but his main possessions were in the commotes of Menai and Dindaethwy in Anglesey. His wife's mother (Myfanwy) and brother (Tudur ap Goronwy) were alive in 1397 and might be expected to have lived at Penmynydd; nevertheless, Gwilym ap Griffith is described as 'of Penmynydd' in 1400 and 1403, and his will, dated 1430, was signed there. From 1391 to 1397 he held various crown offices in Anglesey, being sheriff in 1396-7.

"His wife's uncles (Rhys, Gwilym, and Maredudd ap Tudur) gave full support to their cousin, Owain Glyndwr (q.v. , and see under Ednyfed Fychan ); Gwilym himself was more cautious, but he was forced by family and other circumstances to throw in his lot with the rebels about 1402. (As has been said, his father and uncle died in Glyndwr 's service.) His brother, Robin of Cochwillan, was also in rebellion but abandoned Glyndwr before 1408, when he appears as a crown official in Caernarvonshire. Gwilym also made his peace with the king before Nov. 1407, when he was restored to his forfeited possessions and was granted, in addition, the lands of twenty-seven Anglesey adherents of Glyndwr who had probably died in rebellion. By 1410 he had been granted the forfeited lands of his wife's uncles, Rhys and Gwilym ap Tudur, both of whom adhered to Glyndwr to the last. His will, dated 1430, also refers to lands which he had obtained from his Tudor kinsmen; his brother-in-law, Tudur ap Goronwy, appears to have d. c. 1400 and his share of the Tudor possessions undoubtedly came into Gwilym's hands. In all, Gwilym ap Griffith appears to have succeeded, through his father's marriage, his own, and the effects of the Glynd rebellion, in gaining control of most of the patrimony of the Tudors; not the least important of the probable consequences was the departure of Owain Tudor (q.v.) to seek his fortunes at the court of Henry V.

"The date of death of Gwilym's first wife is not known. Some time after 1405 he m. Joan, daughter of Sir William Stanley of Hooton, Ches., thus beginning a long and profitable connexion with the rising star of that family. His son by his first wife inherited only his mother's property at Penmynydd, and he was the ancestor of the later Theodores of that place (see Tudor family, of Penmynydd ). Gwilym ap Griffith d. in 1431, leaving his great possessions in Anglesey and Caernarvonshire to his son by the second marriage. (Penrhyn manuscripts, passim; Trans. Angl. Antiq. Soc., 1951, 34-72; J. R. Jones, 'The development of the Penrhyn estate to 1431', University of Wales M.A. thesis, unpublished.)"

Gwilym married Morfydd verch Goronwy ap Tudur, of Penmynydd 210 about 1390. Morfydd died before 1405. Another name for Morfydd was Morvyn verch Grono ap Tudor.

Research Notes: From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :

"(3) The eldest son of Griffith and Generys, GWILYM AP GRIFFITH (d. 1431), m. (c. 1390) his kinswoman, Morfydd, daughter of Goronwy ap Tudur (ob. 1382) of Penmynydd (see under Ednyfed Fychan ). Gwilym thereby gained a further share in 'Gafael Goronwy ab Ednyfed' (Penrhyn) as well as lands in Anglesey. In 1389, Gwilym and his younger brother, ROBIN AP GRIFFITH, were granted by their father his lands in Caernarvonshire and Anglesey and it was probably this step which led to their firm establishment in the area. Lands in Bodfeio were given to Robin, who was the ancestor of the family of Williams of Cochwillan (q.v. in App.) . Gwilym was the real founder of the Penrhyn family, but his precise place of residence before 1400 is not known. His wife's dowry had strengthened his hold on 'Gafael Goronwy ab Ednyfed' (Penrhyn) but his main possessions were in the commotes of Menai and Dindaethwy in Anglesey. His wife's mother (Myfanwy) and brother (Tudur ap Goronwy) were alive in 1397 and might be expected to have lived at Penmynydd; nevertheless, Gwilym ap Griffith is described as 'of Penmynydd' in 1400 and 1403, and his will, dated 1430, was signed there. From 1391 to 1397 he held various crown offices in Anglesey, being sheriff in 1396-7.

"His wife's uncles (Rhys, Gwilym, and Maredudd ap Tudur) gave full support to their cousin, Owain Glyndwr (q.v. , and see under Ednyfed Fychan ); Gwilym himself was more cautious, but he was forced by family and other circumstances to throw in his lot with the rebels about 1402. (As has been said, his father and uncle died in Glyndwr 's service.) His brother, Robin of Cochwillan, was also in rebellion but abandoned Glyndwr before 1408, when he appears as a crown official in Caernarvonshire. Gwilym also made his peace with the king before Nov. 1407, when he was restored to his forfeited possessions and was granted, in addition, the lands of twenty-seven Anglesey adherents of Glyndwr who had probably died in rebellion. By 1410 he had been granted the forfeited lands of his wife's uncles, Rhys and Gwilym ap Tudur, both of whom adhered to Glyndwr to the last. His will, dated 1430, also refers to lands which he had obtained from his Tudor kinsmen; his brother-in-law, Tudur ap Goronwy, appears to have d. c. 1400 and his share of the Tudor possessions undoubtedly came into Gwilym's hands. In all, Gwilym ap Griffith appears to have succeeded, through his father's marriage, his own, and the effects of the Glynd rebellion, in gaining control of most of the patrimony of the Tudors; not the least important of the probable consequences was the departure of Owain Tudor (q.v.) to seek his fortunes at the court of Henry V.

"The date of death of Gwilym's first wife is not known."


The child from this marriage was:

+ 265 M    i. Tudor Vychan ap Gwilym, of Penmynydh, Anglesey

Gwilym next married Jonet Stanley, of Hooton,211 daughter of William de Stanleigh, "The Elder", Lord of Stanley, Storeton & Hooton and Margery de Hooton, after 1405. Jonet was born about 1380 in Hooton, Eastham, Wirral, Cheshire, England and died in 1466 about age 86. Other names for Jonet were Jane Stanley, Jane De Stanley, Janet Stanley, Janet de Stanley, Joan Stanley of Hooton, and Sioned Stanley.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 gives b. abt 1362 & name = Jane Stanley. Several other sources give b. abt 1380.

Research Notes: Note: The present researcher has been unable as yet to find an authoritative source that would definitively answer questions about Jonet Staney's parentage , dates, etc. The reader is advised not to rely on this site as its sole source.
-----

No source authoritatively mentions Jonet's mother. If a mother is mentioned, the sources give different names.
----------

2nd wife of Gwilym ap Gruffydd

From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :

"Some time after 1405 [Gwilym ap Griffith] m. Joan, daughter of Sir William Stanley of Hooton, Ches., thus beginning a long and profitable connexion with the rising star of that family. His son by his first wife inherited only his mother's property at Penmynydd, and he was the ancestor of the later Theodores of that place (see Tudor family, of Penmynydd ). Gwilym ap Griffith d. in 1431, leaving his great possessions in Anglesey and Caernarvonshire to his son by the second marriage. (Penrhyn manuscripts, passim; Trans. Angl. Antiq. Soc., 1951, 34-72; J. R. Jones, 'The development of the Penrhyn estate to 1431', University of Wales M.A. thesis, unpublished.)"

---------

The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd, Vol. IV, p. 342 shows her as

"Janet, d. of Sir William Stanley of Hooton, co. Chester, Knt., ab Sir William Stanley, Knt., ab Sir William Stanley, Knt." In other words her father was the 3rd Sir William Stanley in a row, the one designated as "of Hooton." By that line of reasoning, she would have been the daughter of Sir William Stanley (1368-1428), making her birth year of abt 1362 impossible.

-----
According to http://www.penrose.org/getperson.php?personID=I40748&tree=penrose,
Jonet is the daughter of William Stanley (abt 1348-bef 1428) and Margery de Hooton (abt 1352-1430). She had 2 brothers, William and John. She had 3 husbands: Robert Paris, Judge (m. abt 1397), Gwilym ap Gryffydd (m. abt 1400) and John Pikine.

Penrose sources are:
S R Meyrick: Heraldic Visitation of Wales Vol 2 P. 89 (Footnote 1)
J E Griffith: Pedigrees of Anglesey & Caernarvonshire Families pp.106, 185 -- Griffith-Shows all his children as of the 2nd wife except Tudur Vychan of Penmynydd.

---------

From the book Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 57:

"VII. LADY JANE TROUTBECK, daughter of Sir William Troutbeck, married Sir William Griffith, Knight, of Penrhyn, in the county of Caernarvon, as appear of record in the Visitations of Lewis Dwnn, II, 154-5, Harl. MSS. No. 1424, fo. 135b., also MS. of the celebrated antiquary, Robert Vaughan, of Hengwrt, Known as the Hengwrt MS. 96, p. 603 (vide Montgomeryshire Collections, by the Powysland Club), vol XXV., page 98. The translation of this MS. is as follows:

'Wm. Vaughan (Vychan) Chamberlain of No. Wales (son of Gwilym ab Gruffydd ab Gullym ab Gruffydd ab Heilen, by his 2d wife Sioned (Jonet) D. of Sir W. Stanley of Hooton, Chamberlain of No. Wales and Chester), and had all the land of his father, and the lands also of Paris, (from whom Paris Mountain), by his mother's influence, and in the 18th year of Henry VI. (1440) he got himself made a denizen of England, under covenant that he should not marry any Welsh woman, so he married Alice, dau. and heir of Sir Richard Dalton, kt., by a daughter of Lord Clifford, his wife. Their son, Sir william Griffith, Hael (the Liberal), m. Jane, dau. of Sir Wm. Troutbeck, Kt., by his wife, a sister to Sir Thomas Stanley.'"

-------

FamilySearch.org Compact Disc #94 Pin #316911 (submitted by Samuel Taylor "Sam" Geer) has b. abt 1400, but that would make her marriage to Judge Robert Paris abt 1397 impossible. The year 1400 is most likely the date of her marriage to Gwilym.

A couple of Rootsweb WorldConnect sources have b. abt 1350, father William Stanley b. abt 1328 of Hooten, Cheshire, England. They were probably all copying from the same source.

Another has her as the daughter of William de Stanley (1319-abt 1388) and Alice Massey (1329- ) of Timperley. The source http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I45150 has her b. 1360 in Hooten, Eastham, Cheshire, England.

Much confusion about her birthdate. There may have been 2 women with the same name in succeeding generations.

Scenario #1:
Father = William De Stanley the Elder
Mother = Margery De Hooten or ?
Husband 1 = Judge Robert Paris
Husband 2 = Gwilym Ap Gruffydd

Scenario #2:
Father = William De Stanley
Mother = Alice Massey or ?
Husband 1 = Judge Robert Paris
Husband 2 = Gwilym Ap Gruffydd

Scenario #3:
Father = Sir Edward Stanley (son of Sir William Stanley)

---------

Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 gives mother as Alice Massey (wife of earlier William Stanley, b. abt 1319).

Other sources have other dates and even have her the daughter of Sir William Stanley (abt 1319-aft 1362) who was married to Alice de Massy.

Janet is not listed by "The Stanley Family of Hooton, Cheshire" as a daughter of William de Stanley (1378-abt 1428). (www.fintco.demon.co.uk/stanley/ches-hooton.htm). That is the William who married (1) Margery de Hooten, (2) Agnes Beckington, (3) Matilda.

----------------



Children from this marriage were:

+ 266 F    i. Elen verch Gwilym Fychan was born about 1404.

+ 267 F    ii. Angharad verch Gwilym was born about 1407.

+ 268 M    iii. Sir William Griffith, of Penrhyn, Chamberlain of North Wales 212 was born about 1420 in Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, (Bangor), Caernarfonshire, (Gwynedd), Wales and died in 1483 in Austria-Hungary about age 63.

232. Jonet verch Gruffudd ap Gwilym (Gruffydd ap Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan197, Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Heilen, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan164, Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd141, Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire120, Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1376 in Cetheiniog, Caernarfonshire, Wales.

Research Notes: http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I64702 has b. abt 1376 in Cetheiniog,Caer,Wales.
.

233. Robin ap Gruffydd, of Cochwillan 186 (Gruffydd ap Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan197, Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Heilen, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan164, Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd141, Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire120, Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1). Another name for Robin was Robert ab Gruffydd of Cwchwillan.

Research Notes: Younger brother of Gwilym ap Griffith.

Second son of Gruffydd ap Gwilym according to this source:

From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales, Vol. I, London, p. 362:
"Robin ap Gruffydd, the second son, had Cochwillan. By Lowry, dau. of Gronw ap Jevan of Eifionydd, this second wife, he had a son,--Thomas.. Robin ap Gruffydd by his first wife, Angharad, dau. and h. of Rhys ap Gruffydd ap Gronw, of Llanllechid, had, with other issue, a son,--Gruffydd ap Robin, his successor..."
---
From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :
"In 1389, Gwilym and his younger brother, ROBIN AP GRIFFITH, were granted by their father his lands in Caernarvonshire and Anglesey and it was probably this step which led to their firm establishment in the area. Lands in Bodfeio were given to Robin, who was the ancestor of the family of Williams of Cochwillan (q.v. in App.) . "

---
This source says Robin was the first son (probably incorrect):

From The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd, Vol. IV, p. 342:
"Robert ab Gruffydd of Cwchwillan, ancestor of Sir Richard Bulkeley Williams Bulkeley of Baron Hill, Bart.," the first son of "Gruffydd ab Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan"

Robin married Lowry verch Gronw ap Jevan, of Eifionydd.78

234. Rhys ap Gruffydd, of Nant in Tegeingl (Gruffydd ap Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan197, Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Heilen, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan164, Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd141, Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire120, Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV, London, 1884, p. 342 shows him as "Rhys ab Gruffydd of Nant in Tegeingl ancestor of the Hugheses of Prestatyn and Feydor, and of the Lloyds of Nant, who left two daughters co-heirs: 1st, Janet, ux. Henry Wynn Conwy of Nant; and, 2ndly, Catherine, ux. Cadwaladr ab Maurice Gethin of Y Voelas."

Source: Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 362 has "Rhys ap Gruffydd, of Nant, co. of Flint, whose representatives maternally are Wynne-Finch of Voelas, and the Wynne Conways of Nant."
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From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html):
"...Bleddyn's descendants, together with those of Griffith ap Gwilym, through his youngest son, Rhys, continued to be represented in Flintshire and Denbighshire until the 16th cent. The personal connection of the family with Anglesey and Caernarvonshire began with the eldest and second sons of Griffith ap Gwilym."



235. Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex 188 (Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex199, Humphrey VI de Bohun165, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1276 in Pleshey Castle, Essex, England and died on 16 Mar 1322 in Boroughbridge, Yorkshire, England about age 46. Another name for Humphrey was Humphrey VIII de Bohun 4th Earl of Hereford.

Death Notes: At the Battle of Boroughbridge, murdered in an ambush by the Welsh.

Research Notes: Ancestral Roots, Line 97-31 has b. abt 1276, slain at Boroughbridge, 16 Mar 1321/2, 4th Earl of Hereford and Essex, Lord High Constable of England.
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From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford

Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford (1276 - March 16 , 1321 /1322 ) was a member of an important Anglo-Norman family of the Welsh Marches and was one of the Ordainers who opposed Edward II 's excesses.

Family Background
Humphrey de Bohun's birth year is uncertain although several contemporary sources indicate that it was 1276. His father was Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and his mother was Maud de Fiennes , daughter of Enguerrand II de Fiennes . He was born at Pleshey Castle located in Essex , England.

Humphrey de Bohun VIII succeeded his father as Earl of Hereford and Earl of Essex , and Constable of England (later called Lord High Constable ). Humphrey held the title of Bearer of the Swan Badge, a heraldic device passed down in the de Bohun family. This device did not appear on their coat of arms, (az, a bend ar cotised or, between 6 lioncels or) nor their crest (gu, doubled erm, a lion gardant crowned), but it does appear on his personal seal.

Scotland
Humphrey was one of several earls and barons under Edward I who laid siege to Caerlaverock Castle in Scotland in 1300 and later took part in many campaigns in Scotland. He also loved tourneying and gained a reputation as an "elegant" fop. In one of the campaigns in Scotland Humphrey evidently grew bored and departed England for a tournament along with Piers Gaveston and other young barons and knights. On return all of them fell under Edward I's wrath for desertion, but were forgiven. It is probable that Gaveston's friend, Edward (the future Edward II) had given them permission to depart.

Later Humphrey became one of Gaveston's and Edward II's bitterest opponents. He would also have been associating with young Robert Bruce during the early campaigns in Scotland, since Bruce, like many other Scots and Border men, moved back and forth from English allegiance to Scottish. (NOTE: Robert Bruce, King Robert I of Scotland, is closely connected to de Bohun. Between the time that he swore his last fealty to Edward I in 1302 and his defection four years later, Bruce stayed for the most part in Annandale , rebuilding his castle of Lochmaben in stone, making use of its natural moat. Rebelling and taking the crown of Scotland in February, 1306, Bruce was forced to fight a war against England which went poorly for him at first, while Edward I still lived. After nearly all his family were killed or captured he had to flee to the isle of Rathlin , Ireland. His properties in England and Scotland were confiscated.)

Humphrey de Bohun received many of Robert Bruce's forfeited properties. It is unknown whether Humphrey was a long-time friend or enemy of Robert Bruce, but they were nearly the same age and the lands of the two families in Essex and Middlesex lay very close to each other. After Bruce's self-exile, de Bohun took Lochmaben and Edward I awarded him Annandale and the castle. During this period of chaos Bruce's queen, Elizabeth de Burgh , daughter of the Earl of Ulster, was captured by Edward I and taken prisoner, and Hereford and his wife Elizabeth later became her custodians. She was exchanged for Humphrey after Bannockburn in 1314. Lochmaben was from time to time retaken by the Scots but remained in the de Bohun family for many years, in the hands of Humphrey's son William, Earl of Northampton , who held and defended it until his death in 1360...

...Ordainer
Like his father, grandfather, and great-great-grandfather, this Humphrey de Bohun was careful to insist that the king obey Magna Carta , Habeas Corpus , and the other baronially-established safeguards against monarchic tyranny. He was a leader of the reform movements that promulgated the Ordinances of 1311 and fought to insure their execution.
The subsequent revival of royal authority and the ascendancy of the Despensers (Hugh the elder and younger ) led de Bohun and other barons to rebel against the king again in 1322. De Bohun had special reason for opposing the Despensers, for he had lost some of his estates in the Welsh Marches to their rapacity.

Death at Boroughbridge
The rebel forces were halted by loyalist troops at the wooden bridge at Boroughbridge , Yorkshire, where Humphrey de Bohun, leading an attempt to storm the bridge, met his death on March 16, 1322.

Although the details have been called into question by a few historians, his death may have been particularly gory. As recounted in The Greatest Traitor by Ian Mortimer, page 124:

"[The 4th Earl of] Hereford led the fight on the bridge, but he and his men were caught in the arrow fire. Then one of de Harclay's pikemen, concealed beneath the bridge, thrust upwards between the planks and skewered the Earl of Hereford through the anus, twisting the head of the iron pike into his intestines. His dying screams turned the advance into a panic."'

Humphrey de Bohun may have contributed to the failure of the reformers' aims. There is evidence that he suffered for some years, especially after his countess's death in 1316, from clinical depression. [1]

Marriage and children
His marriage to Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (Elizabeth Plantagenet), daughter of King Edward I of England and his first Queen consort Eleanor of Castile , on November 14 , 1302 , at Westminster gained him the lands of Berkshire.
Elizabeth had an unknown number of children, probably ten, by Humphrey de Bohun.

Until the earl's death the boys of the family, possibly the girls, were given a classical education under the tutelage of a Sicilian Greek, Master "Digines" (Diogenes), who may have been Humphrey de Bohun's boyhood tutor. He was evidently well-educated, a book collector and scholar, interests his son Humphrey and daughter Margaret (Courtenay) inherited.
Mary or Margaret (the first-born Margaret) and the first-born Humphrey were lost in infancy and are buried in the same sarcophagus in Westminster Abbey. Since fraternal twins were known in the Castilian royal family of Elizabeth Bohun, who gave birth to a pair who lived to manhood, Mary (Margaret?) and Humphrey, see next names, may have been twins, but that is uncertain. The name of a possible lost third child, if any, is unknown--and unlikely.

Hugh de Bohun? This name appears only in one Medieval source which gives Bohun names (see Flores Historiarum) and was a probably a copyist error for "Humphrey". It was never used by the main branch of the Bohuns in England. (Le Melletier, q.v., 16-17, 38-45, 138, in his comprehensive research into this family, cites no one named Hugh Bohun.) Date unknown, but after 1302 since she and Humphrey did not marry until late in 1302.
Humphrey de Bohun (birth and death dates unknown. Buried in Westminster Abbey with Mary or Margaret) Infant.
Mary or Margaret de Bohun (birth and death dates unknown. Buried in Westminster Abbey with Humphrey) Infant.

John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford (About 1307 - 1336 )
Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford (About 1309 to 1311 - 1361 ).
Margaret de Bohun (About 1308-1310 - 1391), married Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon Gave birth to about 16 to 18 children (including an Archbishop, a sea commander and pirate, and more than one Knight of the Garter) and died in her eighties.
William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton (About 1310-1312 -1360 ). Twin of Edward.
Edward de Bohun (About 1310-1312 -1334 ). Twin of William. Married Margaret, daughter of William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros , but they had no children. He served in his ailing elder brother's stead as Constable of England. He was close friend of young Edward III, and died a heroic death attempting to rescue a drowning man-at-arms from a Scottish river while on campaign.
Eleanor de Bohun (birth date unknown, could have been as late as 1314 or 15 - 1363 ) [2], married James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde and Thomas Dagworth , 1st Baron Dagworth.
Eneas de Bohun, (Birth date unknown, died after 1322, when he's mentioned in his father's will). Nothing known of him. Name may reflect his father's classical education or the Earl's Welsh connections; could be either.
Isabel de Bohun (b. May ? , 1316 ). Elizabeth died in childbirth, and this child died on that day or very soon after. Buried with her mother in Waltham Abbey, Essex.

Humphrey married Elizabeth, of Rhuddlan, Princess of England,213 daughter of King Edward I, of England and Eleanor, of Castile, Countess of Ponthieu, on 14 Nov 1302 in Westminster Palace, London, England. Elizabeth was born on 7 Aug 1282 in Rhuddlan Castle, Rhuddlan, Denbighshire, Wales, died on 5 May 1316 in Quendon, Essex, England at age 33, and was buried in Waltham Abbey, Essex, England. Other names for Elizabeth were Elizabeth Princess of England, Elizabeth of England, and Elizabeth Plantagenet of Rhuddlan.

Birth Notes: Wikipedia or some other source has b. 7 Aug 1282 or 1281. Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, Edited by Thomas Allen Glenn at the request of Howard Reifsnyder, privately printed, Philadelphia, 1902, provided by http://books.google.com, p. 31 has b. 1284.

Death Notes: Per Wikipedia, died in childbirth

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 49:

"I. THE PRINCESS ELIZABETH PLANTAGENET, daughter of Edward I by his first wife, Eleanor of Castile, was born at Rudlan Castle, in Flintshire, 1284. She married, first, in London, John, Earl of Holland, who died without issue two years after his marriage; and secondly, Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Lord High Constable of England. By her second husband she had a son: William de Bohun.
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From Wikipedia - Elizabeth of Rhuddlan :

Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (Elizabeth Plantagenet) (7 August 1282 Rhuddlan Castle - 5 May 1316 Quendon )

Born the eighth daughter of Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile . Of all her siblings, she was closest to her younger brother Edward II of England , as they were only two years apart in age.

In April 1285 there were negotiations with Floris V for Elizabeth's betrothal to his son John I, Count of Holland . The offer was accepted and John was sent to England to be educated. On 8 January 1297 Elizabeth was married to John at Ipswich . In attendance at the marriage were Elizabeth's sister Margaret , her father, Edward I of England , her brother Edward , and Humphrey de Bohun . After the wedding Elizabeth was expected to go to Holland with her husband, but did not wish to go, leaving her husband to go alone.

After some time travelling England , it was decided Elizabeth should follow her husband. Her father accompanied her, travelling through Antwerp , Malines , Louvain and Brussels , before ending up in Ghent . There they remained for a few months, spending Christmas with her two sister's Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar and Margaret Plantagenet . On 10 November 1299 , John died of dysentery , though there were rumours of his being murdered. No children had been born from the marriage.

On her return trip to England , Elizabeth went through Brabant to see her sister Margaret. When she arrived in England , she met her step mother Margaret of France , whom Edward had married whilst she was in Holland . Reportedly, they became inseparable. On 14 November 1302 Elizabeth was married to Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford , 3rd of Essex, also Constable of England , at Westminster Abbey .

During Christmas 1315 Elizabeth, who was pregnant with her 10th child, was visited by her sister-in-law Isabella of France . This was a great honour, but the stress of it may have caused unknown health problems that later contributed to Elizabeth's death in childbirth. On 5 May 1316 she went into labour, giving birth to her daughter Isabella. Both Elizabeth and Isabella died shortly after the birthing, and were buried together in Waltham Abbey .

The children of Elizabeth and Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford are:
Hugh de Bohun (September 1303 - 1305 )
Eleanor de Bohun (October 1304 - 1363 ), married James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde and Thomas Dagworth , 1st Baron Dagworth.
Humphrey de Bohun (b&d 1305 )
John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford (23 November 1306 - 1335 )
Agnes de Bohun, (November 1309 - ), married Robert de Ferrers, Earl of Chartley
Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford (6 December about 1309 - 1361 )
Margaret de Bohun (3 April 1311 - 1391 ), married Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon
William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton (1312 - 1360 ). Twin of Edward. Married Elizabeth de Badlesmere.
Edward de Bohun (1312 - 1334 ). Twin of William.
Eneas de Bohun, (1314 - after 1322 ), when he's mentioned in his father's will.
Isabel de Bohun (b&d 5 May 1316 )


Children from this marriage were:

+ 269 F    i. Eleanor de Bohun 214 was born in Oct 1304 and died on 7 Oct 1363 at age 59.

+ 270 M    ii. John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford was born on 23 Nov 1306 and died in 1335 at age 29.

+ 271 F    iii. Agnes de Bohun was born in Nov 1309.

+ 272 M    iv. Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford 215 was born on 6 Dec 1309, died on 15 Oct 1361 in Pleshey Castle, Essex, England at age 51, and was buried in Friars Augustine, London.

+ 273 F    v. Margaret de Bohun 216 was born on 3 Apr 1311 in Caldecote, Northamptonshire, England, died on 16 Dec 1391 in Exeter, Devonshire, England at age 80, and was buried in Exeter Cathedral, Devonshire, England.

+ 274 M    vi. Sir William de Bohun, K.G., 1st Earl of Northampton 203 was born about 1311 and died on 16 Sep 1360 about age 49.

+ 275 M    vii. Edward de Bohun 217 was born in 1312 and died in 1334 at age 22.

+ 276 M    viii. Eneas de Bohun was born about 1313 and died after 1322.

236. Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester 190 (Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 2 Feb 1282 in <Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire>, Wales and died before 3 Dec 1322. Other names for Maud were Matilda de Chaworth and Maud Chaworth.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Maud Chaworth :

Maud de Chaworth (2 February 1282 - 1322), was an English noblewoman and wealthy heiress. She was the only child of Patrick de Chaworth . Sometime before 2 March 1297, she married Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster , by whom she had seven children. Although the exact date of her death is unknown, it is estimated that she must have died sometime before 3 December 1322.

Parents
Maud was the daughter and only child of Sir Patrick de Chaworth ,Lord of Kidwelly, in Carmarthenshire, South Wales, and Isabella de Beauchamp . Her maternal grandfather was William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick . Her father, Patrick de Chaworth died on 7 July 1283. He was thought to be 30 years old. Approximately, three years later, in 1286, Isabella de Beauchamp married Hugh Despenser the Elder and had two sons and four daughters by him. This made Maud the half-sister of Hugh the younger Despenser . Her mother, Isabella de Beauchamp, died in 1306.

Childhood
When her father died, Maud was only a year old and his death left her a wealthy heiress. However, because she was an infant, she became a ward of Eleanor of Castile , Queen consort of King Edward I of England . Upon Queen Eleanor's death in 1290, her husband, King Edward I, granted Maud's marriage to his brother Edmund Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster on 30 December 1292.
Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster , Earl of Leicester was the son of Eleanor of Provence and Henry III of England . He first married Aveline de Forz, Countess of Albemarle, in 1269. Later, in Paris on 3 February 1276, he married Blanche of Artois who is niece of Louis IX and Queen of Navarre by association with her first marriage. Blanche and Edmund had four children together, one of whom was Henry Plantagenet, who would later become 3rd Earl of Leicester and Maud Chaworth's husband.

[edit ] Marriage and Children
Although sources say that Edmund was married to Maud, it has been suggested that Maud was betrothed to Edmund and his son Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster [1] together, to ensure that she married into the family even if Edmund were to die. Therefore, when Edmund did pass away, Henry and Maud were bonded in holy matrimony sometime before 2 March 1297. Henry was supposedly born between the years 1280 and 1281, making him somewhat older than Maud, but not by much since they were either fourteen or fifteen-years-old.
Since Maud inherited her father's property, Henry also acquired this property through the rights of marriage. Some of that property was of the following: Hampshire, Glamorgan, Wiltshire, and Carmarthenshire. Henry was the nephew to the King of England, as well as being closely associated with the French royal family line. Henry's half-sister Jeanne (or Juana) was given the title Queen of Navarre in her own right, and married Philip IV of France. Not only that, but Henry was the uncle of King Edward II 's Queen Isabella and of three Kings of France. He was also the younger brother of Thomas (Earl of Lancaster) and first cousin of Edward II.
Maud is very often described as the "Countess of Leicester" or "Countess of Lancaster" but she never bore the titles as she died before her husband received them. Henry was only named "Earl of Leicester" in 1324 and "Earl of Lancaster" in 1327, both after her death. Henry never remarried and died on 22 September 1345 when he would have been in his mid-sixties. All but one of his seven children with Maud outlived him.
Maud and Henry had seven children:
Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster , (about 1310-1361); Maud's only son Henry was usually called Henry of Grosmont to distinguish him from his father. He was one of the great, well known and respected men of the fourteenth century. He took after his father and was well educated, literate, pious, a soldier and a diplomat. Henry produced his own memoir "Le Livre de Seyntz Medicines" which was completed in 1354. At one point, Henry of Grosmont was considered to be the richest man in England aside from the Prince of Wales. He was emerging as a political figure in his own right within England: he was knighted and represented his father in parliament. It was in the same year that he married his wife, Isabella, daughter of Henry, Lord Beaumont. His daughter Blanche was betrothed and eventually married to the son of Edward III, John of Gaunt. In 1361, Henry was killed by a new outbreak of the Black Death, leaving John of Gaunt his inheritance and eventually his title through his daughter Blanche.[2]
Blanche of Lancaster , (about 1302/05-1380); Maud's eldest daughter was probably born between 1302 and 1305, and was named after her father's mother Blanche of Artois . Around 9 October 1316, she married Thomas Wake , the second baron of Liddell. Blanch was about forty-five when Thomas died and lived as a widow for more than thirty years. She was one of the executers of her brother Henry's will when he died in 1361. Blanche outlived all her siblings, dying shortly before 12 July 1380 in her mid to late seventies. Born in the reign of Edward I, she survived all the way into the reign of his great grandson Richard II.
Maud of Lancaster, (about 1310-1345)There is some discrepancy as to when Maud died. Another possible date of her death is 1377[3]
married William de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster in 1327. They bore one child, Elizabeth de Burgh who was born 6 July 1332. Eleven months after the birth of their child, Earl William was murdered at "Le Ford" in Belfast, apparently by some of his own men. The countess Maud fled to England with her baby and stayed with the royal family. In 1337, Maud of Lancaster managed to ensure that the Justiciar of Ireland was forbidden to pardon her husband's killers. She fought for her dower rights and exerted some influence there. She remarried in 1344 to Ralph Ufford and returned to Ireland where she had another daughter, Maud. After her second husband fell ill in 1346, she again returned to England. Maud of Lancaster died on May 5, 1345/77.
Joan of Lancaster , (about 1312-1345); married between February 28 and June 4, 1327 to John, Lord Mowbray . John's father was horribly executed for reasons unknown and young John was imprisoned in the Tower of London along with his mother Alice de Braose, until late 1326. A large part of his inheritance was granted to Hugh Despenser the Younger, who was his future wife's uncle; however he was set free in 1327 before the marriage. Joan of Lancaster probably died in her early thirties, sometime before August 1344.
Isabel of Lancaster, Prioress of Ambresbury, (about 1317-after 1347); often said to be born in 1317 as one of the youngest daughters of Maud and Henry. Her life is somewhat obscure, going on pilgrimages and spending a lot of time alone. She spent a great deal of time outside the cloister on non-spiritual matters. Her father had given her quite a bit of property which she administered herself. She owned hunting dogs and had personal servants. She used her family connections to secure privileges and concessions.[4]
Eleanor of Lancaster , (1318- Sept. 1372); married John Beaumont between September and November 1330. Eleanor bore John a son, Henry, who married Margaret de Vere, a sister of Elizabeth and Thomas de Vere, Earl of Oxford. John Beaumont was killed in a jousting tournament in Northampton on 14 April 1342. Eleanor then became mistress of the Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel , who happened to be married to her first cousin Isabel, daughter of Hugh Despenser the Younger. Richard obtained a divorce from the Pope and married Eleanor on 5 February 1345 in the presence of Edward III. They had five children together, three sons and two daughters. Eleanor died on 11 January 1372.
Mary of Lancaster, (about 1320-1362); married Henry, Lord Percy before September 4, 1334 who fought at the battle of Crecy in 1346, and served in Gascony under the command of his brother in law Henry of Grosmont. Their son was Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland . Mary of Lancaster died on 1 September 1362, the year after her brother Henry.

Maud married Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester,218 son of Edmund "Crouchback", 1st Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester and Blanche, of Artois, before 2 Mar 1297 in Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, Wales. Henry was born about 1281 in Grosmont Castle, Monmouthshire, England, died on 25 Mar 1345 in Canons Monastery, England about age 64, and was buried in Newark Abbey, Leicestershire, England. Other names for Henry were Henry of Lancaster, Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester, Henry Plantagenet Earl of Leicester, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, and Henry "Tortcol" Plantagenet.

Marriage Notes: Marriage year could be 1296

Death Notes: Ancestral Roots, line 17-29, has d. 22 Sept. 1345, bur. Neward Abbey, co. Leics.
Wikipedia has d. 25 March 1345.

Research Notes: One of the principals behind the deposition of King Edward II.

Some data from Albert Doublass Hart, Jr ("Our Folk" - de Chaworth Family Genealogy). Albert has death date as 22 Sep 1345 in Cannons Monastery, England.
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From Wikipedia - Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster :

Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster (1281 - March 25 , 1345 ) was an English nobleman, one of the principals behind the deposition of Edward II.

Lineage
He was the younger son of Blanche of Artois and Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster , Earl of Leicester , who was a son of Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence .

Henry's elder brother Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster succeeded their father in 1296 , but Henry was summoned to Parliament on February 6 , 1298 /99 by writ directed Henrico de Lancastre nepoti Regis, by which he is held to have become Lord Lancaster. He took part in the siege of Carlaverock in July 1300 .

Petition for succession and inheritance
Thomas was convicted of treason, executed and his lands and titles forfeited in 1322 . But Henry, who had not participated in his brother's rebellion, petitioned for his brother's lands and titles, and on March 29 , 1324 he was invested as Earl of Leicester , and a few years later the earldom of Lancaster was also restored to him.

Revenge
On the Queen's return to England with Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March in September 1326 , Henry joined her party against King Edward II, which led to a general desertion of the King's cause and overturned the power of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester and his namesake son Hugh the younger Despenser .

He was sent in pursuit and captured the king at Neath in South Wales. He was appointed to take charge of the King, and was responsible for his custody at Kenilworth Castle .

Full restoration and reward
After Edward II's death Henry was appointed guardian of the new king Edward III of England , and was also appointed captain-general of all the King's forces in the Scottish Marches .

Loss of sight
In about the year 1330 , he became blind .

Succession
He was succeeded as Earl of Lancaster and Leicester by his eldest son, Henry of Grosmont , who subsequently became Duke of Lancaster.

Family

He married Maud Chaworth , before 2 March 1296 /1297 .
Henry and Maud had seven children:
Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster , (about 1300 -1360 /61 )
Blanche of Lancaster, (about 1305 - 1380 ) married Thomas Wake, 2nd Baron Wake of Liddell
Maud of Lancaster, (about 1310 -1377 ); married William de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster
Joan of Lancaster , (about 1312 -1345 ); married John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray
Isabel of Lancaster, Abbess of Ambresbury, (about 1317 -after 1347 )
Eleanor of Lancaster , (about 1318 -1371 /72 ) married (1) John De Beaumont and (2) 5 Feb. 1344/5, Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel ;
Mary of Lancaster, (about 1320 -1362 ), who married Henry de Percy, 3rd Baron Percy , and was the mother of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland .


Children from this marriage were:

+ 277 F    i. Blanche, of Lancaster 219 was born about 1305 and died before 12 Jul 1380.

+ 278 M    ii. Henry of, Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster 220 was born about 1310 and died on 23 Mar 1361 about age 51.

+ 279 F    iii. Maud, of Lancaster 219 was born about 1310 and died about 1377 about age 67.

+ 280 F    iv. Joan, of Lancaster 221 was born about 1312 and died on 7 Jul 1345 in Yorkshire, England about age 33.

+ 281 F    v. Isabel, of Lancaster, Abess of Ambresbury was born about 1317 and died after 1347.

+ 282 F    vi. Eleanor, of Lancaster 222 was born about 1318 in England, died on 11 Jan 1372 in Arundel Castle, West Sussex, England about age 54, and was buried in Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England.

+ 283 F    vii. Mary, of Lancaster 219 was born about 1320 and died on 1 Sep 1362 about age 42.

237. Sir Hugh le Despenser, Baron Despenser 192 (Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1286, died on 24 Nov 1326 in Hereford, Herefordshire, England at age 40, and was buried after 15 Dec 1330 in Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England. Another name for Hugh was Hugh "the Younger" le Despenser Baron Despenser.

Death Notes: Hanged and quartered for teason

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Hugh Despenser the Younger :

Hugh Despenser, 1st Lord Despenser (1286 - 24 November 1326 , sometimes referred to as "the younger Despenser", was the son and heir of Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winchester , by Isabel Beauchamp, daughter of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick .

Background
He was knight of Hanley Castle , Worcestershire , King's Chamberlain , Constable of Odiham Castle , Keeper of the castle and town of Portchester , Keeper of the castle, town and barton of Bristol and, in Wales , Keeper of the castle and town of Dryslwyn , and the region of Cantref Mawr , Carmarthenshire . Also in Wales , he was Keeper of the castles, manor, and lands of Brecknock , Hay , Cantref Selyf, etc., in County Brecon , and, in England of Huntington , Herefordshire . He was given Wallingford Castle although this had previously been given to Queen Isabella for life.

Marriage
In May 1306 Hugh was knighted, and that summer he married Eleanor de Clare , daughter of Gilbert de Clare , 9th Lord of Clare and 7th Earl of Hertford and Joan of Acre . Eleanor's grandfather, Edward I , owed Hugh's father vast sums of money, and the marriage was intended as a payment of these debts. When Eleanor's brother was killed at the Battle of Bannockburn , she unexpectedly became one of the three co-heiresses to the rich Gloucester earldom, and in her right Hugh inherited Glamorgan and other properties. In just a few short years Hugh went from a landless knight to one of the wealthiest magnates in the kingdom.
Eleanor was also the niece of the new king, Edward II of England , and this connection brought Hugh closer to the English royal court. He joined the baronial opposition to Piers Gaveston , the king's favourite , and Hugh's brother-in-law, as Gaveston was married to Eleanor's sister. Eager for power and wealth, Hugh seized Tonbridge Castle in 1315. In 1318 he murdered Llywelyn Bren , a Welsh hostage in his custody.

Eleanor and Hugh had nine children:
Hugh le Despenser III (1308-1349)
Gilbert le Despenser , (1309- 1381).
Edward le Despenser , (1310 - 1342), soldier, killed at the siege of Vannes [1]; father of Edward II le Despenser , Knight of the Garter
John le Despenser , (1311 - June 1366).
Isabel le Despenser, Countess of Arundel (1312-1356), married Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel
Eleanor le Despenser , (c. 1315 - 1351), nun at Sempringham Priory
Joan le Despenser , (c. 1317 - 1384), nun at Shaftesbury Abbey
Margaret le Despenser , (c. 1319 - 1337, nun at Whatton Priory
Elizabeth le Despenser , born 1325, died July 13 , 1389 , married Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley .

Political Manoeuvrings
Hugh became royal chamberlain in 1318. As a royal courtier , Hugh manoeuvred into the affections of King Edward, displacing the previous favourite, Roger d'Amory . This was much to the dismay of the baronage as they saw him both taking their rightful places at court and being a worse version of Gaveston. By 1320 his greed was running free. Hugh seized the Welsh lands of his wife's inheritance, ignoring the claims of his two brothers-in-law. He forced Alice de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln , to give up her lands, cheated his sister-in-law Elizabeth de Clare out of Gower and Usk , and allegedly had Lady Baret's arms and legs broken until she went insane. He also supposedly vowed to be revenged on Roger Mortimer because Mortimer's grandfather had murdered Hugh's grandfather, and once stated (though probably in jest) that he regretted he could not control the wind. By 1321 he had earned many enemies in every stratum of society, from Queen Isabella to the barons to the common people. There was even a bizarre plot to kill Hugh by sticking pins in a wax likeness of him.

Finally the barons prevailed upon King Edward and forced Hugh and his father into exile in 1321. His father fled to Bordeaux , and Hugh became a pirate in the English Channel , "a sea monster, lying in wait for merchants as they crossed his path". Following the exile of the Despensers, the barons who opposed them fell out among themselves. The following year, King Edward took advantage of these divisions to secure the defeat and execution of the Earl of Lancaster, and the surrender of Roger Mortimer, the Despensers' chief opponents. The pair returned and King Edward quickly reinstated Hugh as royal favourite. His time in exile had done nothing to quell his greed, his rashness, or his ruthlessness. The time from the Despensers' return from exile until the end of Edward II's reign was a time of uncertainty in England. With the main baronial opposition leaderless and weak, having been defeated at the Battle of Boroughbridge , and Edward willing to let them do as they pleased, the Despensers were left unchecked. They grew rich from their administration and corruption. This period is sometimes referred to as the "Tyranny". This maladministration caused hostile feeling for them and, by proxy, Edward II. Hugh repeatedly pressed King Edward to execute Mortimer, who had been held prisoner in the Tower of London, following his surrender. However, Mortimer escaped from the Tower and fled to France.

Relationship with Edward and Isabella
Queen Isabella had a special dislike for the man. Various historians have suggested, and it is commonly believed, that he and Edward had an ongoing sexual relationship. (Froissart states "he was a sodomite, even it is said, with the King.") Some speculate it was this relationship that caused the Queen's dislike of him.[citation needed ] Others, noting that her hatred for him was far greater than for any other favourite of her husband, suggest that his behaviour towards herself and the nation served to excite her particular disgust. Alison Weir , in her 2005 book, Queen Isabella: Treachery, Adultery, and Murder in Medieval England, speculates that he had raped Isabella and that was the source of her hatred. While Isabella was in France to negotiate between her husband and the French king, she formed a liaison with Roger Mortimer and began planning an invasion. Hugh supposedly tried to bribe French courtiers to assassinate Isabella, sending barrels of silver as payment. Roger Mortimer and the Queen invaded England in October 1326. Their forces only numbered about 1,500 mercenaries to begin with, but the majority of the nobility rallied to them throughout October and November. By contrast, very few people were prepared to fight for Edward II, mainly because of the hatred which the Despensers had aroused. The Despensers fled West with the King, with a sizable sum from the treasury. The escape was unsuccessful. Separated from the elder Despenser, the King and the younger Hugh were deserted by most of their followers, and were captured near Neath in mid-November. King Edward was placed in captivity and later deposed. Hugh the father (the elder Despenser) was hanged at Bristol on 27 October 1326, and Hugh the son was brought to trial.

Trial and Execution
Hugh tried to starve himself before his trial, but face trial he did on 24 November 1326 , in Hereford , before Mortimer and the Queen. He was judged a traitor and a thief, and sentenced to public execution by hanging, as a thief, and drawing and quartering , as a traitor. Additionally, he was sentenced to be disembowelled for having procured discord between the King and Queen, and to be beheaded, for returning to England after having been banished. Treason had also been the grounds for Gaveston's execution; the belief was that these men had misled the King rather than the King himself being guilty of folly. Immediately after the trial, he was dragged behind four horses to his place of execution, where a great fire was lit. He was stripped naked, and biblical verses denouncing arrogance and evil were written on his skin. He was then hanged from a gallows 50 ft (15 m) high, but cut down before he could choke to death, and was tied to a ladder, in full view of the crowd. The executioner climbed up beside him, and sliced off his penis and testicles which were burnt before him, while he was still alive and conscious; (although castration was not formally part of the sentence imposed on Despenser, it was typically practised on convicted traitors). Subsequently, the executioner slit open his abdomen, and slowly pulled out, and cut out, his entrails and, finally, his heart, which were likewise thrown into the fire. The executioner would have sought to keep him alive as long as possible, while disembowelling him. The burning of his entrails would, in all likelihood, have been the last sight that he witnessed. Just before he died, it is recorded that he let out a "ghastly inhuman howl," much to the delight and merriment of the spectators. Finally, his corpse was beheaded, his body cut into four pieces, and his head was mounted on the gates of London. Mortimer and Isabella feasted with their chief supporters, as they watched the execution...

After his death, his widow asked to be given the body so she could bury it at the family's Gloucestershire estate, but only the head, a thigh bone and a few vertebrae were returned to her.[2]


Hugh married Eleanor de Clare,223 daughter of Sir Gilbert de Clare, 9th Earl of Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford and Joan, of Acre, after 14 Jun 1306. Eleanor was born on 3 Oct 1292 in Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Wales, died on 30 Jun 1337 at age 44, and was buried in Tewkesbury, Wiltshire, England. Other names for Eleanor were Alianore de Clare and Eleanore de Clare.

Research Notes: Wikipedia - Eleanor de Clare :

Eleanor de Clare (3 October 1292 - June 30 , 1337 ) was the wife of the powerful Hugh Despenser the younger . She was born in 1292 at Caerphilly in Glamorgan , Wales . She was the eldest daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford and 3rd Earl of Gloucester , and Joan of Acre , daughter of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile ; thus she was a granddaughter to Edward I of England . With her sisters, Elizabeth de Clare and Margaret de Clare , she inherited her father's estates after the death of her brother, Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Gloucester at Bannockburn in 1314.

Marriage to Hugh Desepenser the younger
In May 1306 at Westminster , Eleanor married Hugh Despenser the younger , the son of Hugh le Despenser, Earl of Winchester and Isabel Beauchamp , daughter of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick . Her grandfather, King Edward I of England , granted Eleanor a maritagium of 2,000 pounds sterling. Eleanor and Hugh had nine children:
Hugh le Despenser III (1308-1349)
Gilbert le Despenser , (1309- 1381).
Edward le Despenser , (1310 - 1342), soldier, killed at the siege of Vannes [1]; father of Edward II le Despenser , Knight of the Garter
John le Despenser , (1311 - June 1366).
Isabel le Despenser (1312-1356), married Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel
Eleanor le Despenser , (c. 1315 - 1351), nun at Sempringham Priory
Joan le Despenser , (c. 1317 - 1384), nun at Shaftesbury Abbey
Margaret le Despenser , (c. 1319 - 1337, nun at Whatton Priory
Elizabeth le Despenser , born 1325, died July 13 , 1389 , married Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley .
Eleanor's husband rose to prominence as the new favourite of her uncle, King Edward II of England . The king strongly favoured Hugh and Eleanor, visiting them often and granting them many gifts. One foreign chronicler even alleged that Edward was involved in a ménage à trois with his niece and her husband. Whatever the truth, Eleanor's fortunes changed drastically after the invasion of Isabella of France and Roger Mortimer . Hugh le Despenser was gruesomely executed.

Imprisonment
In November 1326, Eleanor was confined to the Tower of London . The Despenser family's fortunes also suffered with the executions of Eleanor's husband and father-in-law. Eleanor and Hugh's eldest son, another Hugh, who held Caerphilly Castle against the queen's forces until the spring of 1327, was spared his life when he surrendered the castle but remained a prisoner until July 1331, after which he was slowly restored to royal favor. Three of Eleanor's daughters were forcibly veiled as nuns. Only the eldest daughter, Isabel, and the youngest daughter, Elizabeth, escaped the nunnery, Isabel because she was already married and Elizabeth on account of her infancy.
In February 1328 Eleanor was freed from imprisonment. In April 1328, she was allowed possession of her own lands, for which she did homage.

Marriage to William de la Zouche
Eleanor was abducted from Hanley Castle in January, 1329, by William de la Zouche , who had been one of her husband's captors and who had led the siege of Caerphilly Castle. The abduction may in fact have been an elopement; in any case, Eleanor's lands were seized by the King, Edward III , and the couple was ordered to be arrested. At the same time, Eleanor was accused of stealing jewels from the Tower. Sometime after February 1329, she was imprisoned a second time in the Tower of London; later, she was moved to Devizes Castle . In January 1330, she was released and pardoned after agreeing to sign away the most valuable part of her share of the lucrative Clare inheritance to the crown. She could recover her lands only on the condition that she pay the enormous sum of 50,000 pounds in a single day.
Within the year, however, the young Edward III overthrew Queen Isabella's paramour, Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, and had him executed. Eleanor was among those who benefited from the fall of Mortimer and Isabella. She petitioned Edward III for the restoration of her lands, claiming that she had signed them away after being threatened by Roger Mortimer that she would never be freed if she did not. In 1331, Edward III granted her petition "to ease the king's conscience" and allowed her to recover the lands on the condition that she pay a fine of 10,000 pounds, later reduced to 5,000 pounds, in installments. Eleanor made payments on the fine, but the bulk of it was outstanding at the time of her death.
Eleanor's troubles were by no means over, however. After Eleanor's marriage to Zouche, Sir John Grey, 1st Baron Grey claimed that he had married her first. Grey was still attempting to claim Eleanor in 1333; the case was appealed to the Pope several times. Ultimately, Zouche won the dispute. Eleanor remained with him until his death in February 1337, only a few months before Eleanor's own death. Eleanor and William had children:
William de la Zouche, born 1330, died after 1360, a monk at Glastonbury Abbey .
Joyce Zouche, born 1331, died after 4 May 1372 , married John de Botetourt, 2nd Lord Botetourt.

Tewkesbury Abbey Renovations
Hugh le Despenser the younger and Eleanor are generally credited with beginning the renovations to Tewkesbury Abbey that transformed it into the fine example of the decorated style of architecture that it is today. The famous fourteenth-century stained-glass windows in the choir, which include the armor-clad figures of Eleanor's ancestors, brother, and two husbands, were most likely Eleanor's own contribution, although she probably did not live to see them put in place. The nude, kneeling woman watching the Last Judgment in the choir's east window may represent Eleanor.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 284 M    i. Philip Le Despenser, of Stoke, Gloucestershire 224 was born about 1244 in <Gloucestershire, > England and died on 24 Sep 1313 about age 69.

+ 285 F    ii. Isabel le Despenser 225 was born in 1312 and died in 1356 at age 44.

238. Sir Edward Despenser 193 (Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died on 30 Sep 1342.

239. Thomas de Beauchamp 133 (Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick203, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 14 Feb 1314 in <Warwick Castle, Warwickshire>, England, died on 13 Nov 1369 in Calais, Pas-de-Calais, France at age 55, and was buried in Saint Mary's, Warwick, Warwickshire, England.

Thomas married someone.

His child was:

+ 286 F    i. Maud de Beauchamp 133 was born about 1335 in <Warwick, Warwickshire>, England and died in Jan 1403 about age 68.

240. Sir John de Beauchamp, Baron Kidderminster, Justice of North Wales 194 (Richard Beauchamp204, John De Beauchamp169, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1319 in Holt Manor, Kidderminster, Worcestershire, England, died on 12 May 1388 in London, Middlesex, England about age 69, and was buried in Worcester Cathedral, Worcester, Worcestershire, England. Another name for John was Sir John de Beauchamp Lord Beauchamp of Kyderminster.

Birth Notes: May have been born about 1317 or 1319.

Death Notes: Beheaded for treason.

Research Notes: His parents may have been John De Beauchamp (b. abt 1280) and Eleanor (b. abt 1297).

Notes from RootsWeb http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jerrr744%2D1&id=I32029 :

Holt manor passed to the Beauchamp family when Emeline de Abitot, the daughter and heiress of Urso, married Walter de Beauchamp then owner of Elmley Castle. Holt was then held by successive Beauchamps, Earls of Warwick; one of the most powerful earldoms in the country.

No doubt using his influence with the King (Edward III), Sir John Beauchamp (1319-1388) obtained a grant to hold a fair at 'Le Rode' in Holt. The fair was to be held every 22 July, St. Mary Magdalene's feast day.

Sir John was impeached by the 'Merciless Parliament' on 12 March 1388 and was executed on Tower Hill, London, on 12 May the same year.

At the time of his death Sir John Beauchamp of Holt, Lord of Beauchamp, Baron of Kidderminster, had manors, estates and properties throughout the Midland shires and beyond. Holt was still however his principal manor. It is thought that John Beauchamp built Holt Castle. The only surviving original portion of which is the square tower that dominates the west elevation, with fifteenth and sixteenth century additions behind.

On Sir John's execution parliament expropriated all his lands and possessions, and leased them out to various parties. His distant cousin, Thomas Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, obtained Holt manor. In 1398 Parliament reversed its earlier decision and returning all his fathers lands and title to John (1378-1420), son of John (1319-1388). In 1420 Sir John Beauchamp died without male heir. At that time he held the manors of Holt and Hanley, near Tenbury, four more in Warwickshire, weirs and fisheries in Ombersley and several properties in the city of Worcester. In the absence of a male heir the barony became extinct. His twenty-year-old daughter, Margaret succeeded him, but Holt Manor was split in to three parts, each following a different female line of descent. Margaret married firstly John Pauncefoot and, secondly, John Wyshaw, who in 1428 was holding the manor for her.

The deer park was enclosed following the death of Sir John Beauchamp.

John married Joan FitzWith,226 daughter of Robert FitzWith and Unknown,. Joan was born on 25 Mar 1322 in Bletsoe Manor, Bedfordshire, England and died in 1384 in Holt Castle, Kidderminster, Worcestershire, England at age 62. Another name for Joan was Joanne FitzWith.

Birth Notes: May have been born in Holt, Worchestershire, England.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 287 F    i. Isabel Beauchamp 227 was born in 1360 in Holt, Worcestershire, England.

241. Eleanor de Ferrers 195 (Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton205, Agnes de Ferrers170, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1320 in Chartley, Staffordshire, England. Another name for Eleanor was Alianore de Ferrières.

Eleanor married Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom and Knowsley, Lancastershire,228 son of Sir Robert de Lathom, of Lathom and Katherine de Knowsley, before 21 May 1329. Thomas was born in 1300 in Lathom, Ormskirk, Lancashire, England, died on 17 Sep 1370 in Lancashire, England at age 70, and was buried in 1370 in Burscough Priory near Ormskirk, Lancashire, England.

Research Notes: From http://cybergata.com/roots/496.htm :
~Weis' Ancestral Roots . . ., 8th Edition, 57:32, Sir Thomas de Lathom of Lathom and Knowsley, Lancaster, son of sir Robert de Latham and Katherine, daughter of thomas de Knowsley. Sir Thomas Lathom married Eleanor de Ferrers, before 21 May 1329. 160

~Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, Vol. II, p. 100, married to Allianore de Ferrers, befor 21 May 1329, died 17 Sep 1370, son of Sir Robert de Latham and Katherine de Knowsley. They were the parents of Sir Thomas de Lathom, Knight. 529

~Cockayne's Complete Peerage, (Ferrers), Vol. V, chart between pp. 320-321, Sir Thomas Lathum married Alianore de Ferrières. He was twenty-four in 1325. 141

~Abstracts of Inquisitions post Mortem , p. 20, 773

Background Information. 824
Thomas de Lathom, succeeded his father 18 Edward II. He married Eleanor, daughter of Sir John le Ferrers, and they had at least two sons, Sir Thomas and Edward, a quo Lathom of Parbold. Thomas Lathom, bore in the roll of arms, 1337, or, on a chief indentedazure, three bezants. He died 44 Edward II (1370), and was succeeded by his son, Sir Thomas de Lathom.

~The Courcher Book, Or Chartulary, of Whalley Abbey, Vol. II, p. 552
• Background Information. 863
Thomas de Lathom, son and heir Sir Robert, did homage in 18 Edward II, to the king as Lord of West Derby, on his succession to Lathon, and occurs in numerous rolls of summons and royal charters from that period to 1370, when he died. He left a son, Thomas, by his wife Eleanor, Daugher of Sir John de Ferrers, as by Inquisition Post Mortem.

~Parentalia, Genealogical Memoirs, p. 68


Children from this marriage were:

+ 288 M    i. Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire 229 was born in Lathom (Latham), Ormskirk, Lancashire, England and died before 20 Mar 1382 in Lancashire, England.

+ 289 F    ii. Margaret de Lathom 230 was born about 1340 in Lathom, Ormskirk, Lancashire, England.

242. Isabel Berkeley 128 (Maurice de Berkeley207, Joan de Ferrers172, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1307 in <Berkeley Castle, > near Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England and died on 25 Jul 1362 in Hartley Castle, Kirkeby Stephen, Westmoreland, England about age 55.

Isabel married Robert II de Clifford,231 son of Robert I de Clifford and Unknown,. Robert was born on 5 Nov 1305 in Clifford Castle, Clifford, Hereford, England and died on 20 May 1344 in Shap Abbey, Shap, Westmoreland, England at age 38.

Research Notes: 4th Baron de Clifford.

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I78532

Robert de Clifford, b. 1305, d. 20 May, 1344. He m. 1328, Isabel, dau. of Maurice, Lord Berke ley, and had issue four sons, Robert, Roger, John, and Thomas. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, A beyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 122, Cliffor d, Earls of Cumberland and Barons Clifford]

Robert m. Eufamia, dau. of Radolphus, Lord Nevill, of Meddleham, and d. s. p. [Sir Bernard Bu rke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883 , p. 122, Clifford, Earls of Cumberland and Barons Clifford]

Also Wikipedia "Baron de Clifford"


The child from this marriage was:

+ 290 M    i. Baron Roger de Clifford, Lord of Appleby and Cumberland 232 was born on 10 Jul 1333 in <Cumberland>, England, died on 13 Jul 1390 in Brough Castle, Under Stainmoor Brough, Westmorland, England at age 57, and was buried in Shap Abbey, Westmorland, England.

243. John de Beauchamp 162 (Cecilia de Vivonne208, Matilda de Ferrers173, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 25 Jul 1274 in Hatch, Somersetshire, England, died on 12 Oct 1336 at age 62, and was buried in 1337 in Stoke-sub-Hamdon, Somersetshire, England.

John married Joan Chenduit Cheney 127 in 1301 in Hatch, Somersetshire, England. Joan was born about 1279 in <Hatch, Somersetshire, England> and died on 9 May 1327 about age 48. Another name for Joan was Joan Chenduit Cheney.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 291 F    i. Joan Beauchamp 162 was born about 1310 in <Hatch, Somersetshire>, England, died after 1343, and was buried in Stoke, Kent, England.

244. Thomas Bardolf 128 (Isabel Aguillon209, Joan de Ferrers174, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 4 Oct 1282 in <Watton-on-Stone>, Hertfordshire, England, died on 15 Dec 1328 in Watton-on-Stone, Hertfordshire, England at age 46, and was buried in Shelford Priory, Nottinghamshire, England.

Thomas married Agnes de Grandson,128 daughter of William de Grandson and Blanche de Savoy, on the Lake of Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Agnes was born about 1289 in <Harpenden, Hertfordshire>, England and died on 11 Dec 1357 in Ruskington, Lincolnshire, England about age 68.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 292 F    i. Margaret Eleanor Bardolf 128 was born about 1308 in Hertfordshire, England and died before 28 Feb 1345 in England.

245. Eve La Zouche 164 (Millicent de Cantelou210, Eve de Braose, of Abergavenny177, William de Braose, , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny147, Reynold de Braose126, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1281 in <Harringworth, Northamptonshire>, England, died on 5 Dec 1314 about age 33, and was buried in Church, Portbury, Somersetshire, England.

Eve married Maurice de Berkeley,128 son of Thomas de Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley and Joan de Ferrers, in 1289 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. Maurice was born in Apr 1271 in <Berkeley Castle, > near Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, died on 31 May 1326 in Wallingford Castle, Wallingford, Berkshire (Oxfordshire), England at age 55, and was buried in St. Augustine's, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England. Another name for Maurice was Maurice "the Magnanimous" de Berkeley.

Birth Notes: May have been April 1281.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 207)

246. Lucy de La Zouche 197 (Millicent de Cantelou210, Eve de Braose, of Abergavenny177, William de Braose, , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny147, Reynold de Braose126, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1279 in Ashby De La Zouche, Leicestershire, England and died on 23 Oct 1326 in Harringworth, Northamptonshire, England at age 47. Other names for Lucy were Lucy De La Zouche and Lucy de la Zouche.

Lucy married Thomas de Greene, of Northampton,233 son of Thomas De Boketon de Greene and Alice Bottisham,. Thomas was born in 1292 in Broughton, Northamptonshire, England and died in 1352 in Broughton, Northamptonshire, England at age 60. Other names for Thomas were Thomas De Greene and Thomas Boketon de Greene.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 293 M    i. Henry de Greene 234 was born in 1310 in Norton, Northamptonshire, England and died in 1370 in Norton, Northamptonshire, England at age 60.

247. Joan de Geneville (Sir Piers de Geneville, Lord of Walterstone-Saunton-Lacy212, Maud de Lacy180, Gilbert de Lacy, of Ewyas Lacy, Herefordshire149, Margeret de Braose127, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born 2 Feb 1285 or 1286 and died on 19 Oct 1356 at age 71.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 120-33 (Roger de Mortimer) and line 176B-31 (Roger de Mortimer)

Joan married Sir Roger de Mortimer, 8th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore, 1st Earl of March, son of Sir Edmund de Mortimer, 7th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore and Margaret de Fiennes, before 6 Oct 1306. Roger was born on 25 Apr 1287 and died on 29 Nov 1330 at age 43.

Research Notes: 8th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore, 1st Earl of March, Lord of Leix, Ireland.

Created Earl of March, October 1328.
Granted seisin of lands in Ireland, 1308, by Joan's grandfather, Geoffrey.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 176B-31 and 71A-32 (Joan de Geneville)

(Duplicate Line. See Person 194)

248. Sir William Spencer 198 (John le Despencer215, Emma de Harcourt184, Richard de Harcourt151, Robert de Harcourt, of Stanton-Harcourt, Oxfordshire128, Avelina Agnes de Braose100, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1263 in Belton, Worcestershire, England and died in 1328 in Defford, Worcestershire, England at age 65.

Birth Notes: May have been born in 1267.

William married someone.

His child was:

+ 294 M    i. John Spencer 235 was born in 1300 in Defford, Worcestershire, England and died in 1386 in Defford, Worcestershire, England at age 86.

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249. Alswn Fychan ferch Hywel ap Ieuan, of Havod y Wern, Bersham, Co. Denbigh 199 (Alswn ferch Hywel ap Gronwy, of Hafod-y-Wern216, Hywel ap Gronwy ap Ieuan, of Hafod-y-Wern185, Gronwy ap Ieuan, of Havod y Wern152, Ieuan ap Gronwy, of Hafod-y-Wern129, Gronwy ap Hwfa, of Hafod-y-Wern101, Hwfa ap Iorwerth, of Hafod-y-Wern82, Iorwerth Vychan ap Ieuaf, of Llwynon, co. Denbig59, Ieuaf ap Ninniau47, Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in <Hafod-y-Wern, (Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales>. Other names for Alswn were Alswn Vechan verch Howel ap Evan of Bersham, Co. Denbigh, Alson verch Howel ap Ieuan of Havod y Wern, Alician Vychan verch Howell, Alsion verch Howell ap Ievan of Hafod-y-Wern, and Alswn "Fechan" ferch Hywel.

Research Notes: Heiress of Hafod-y-Wern.

From History of the Town of Wrexham, pp. 137-138:
"Hywel ap Goronwy ... left two daughters, of whom Alswn (the Welsh form of Alice) had Hafod y wern for her portion, and married Hywel ap Ieuan ap Gruffydd, of Bersham (living in 1467), by whom she had one daughter, Alswn, sole heiress of Hafod y wern, who married John Puleston, Esq., of Bers (Plas ym Mhers, now called 'Upper Berse'), eldest son of Madoc Puleston, Esq. It was in this way that the Pulestons came into possession of Hafod y wern, but they still continued for a time to live at Bers."
-----
From The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, Vol. II : from Cae Cyriog M.S.; Lewys Dwnn, vol ii:
"Alson, heiress of Havod y Wern, and dau. of Howel ab Ieuan ab Gruffydd of Bersham, and Alson, his second wife, d. and heiress of Howel ab Goronwy of Havod y Wern."
----
From The History of the Gwydir Family, Table II. [following p. 28] - "Alician vân, wife of John ab Madog Puleston: from whom are descended the Pulestons of Emeral and Havod-y wern"

Alswn married John Puleston, of Bers and Hafod y Wern,236 son of Madog Puleston, of Bers and Angharad verch Dafydd ap Gronwy, about 1461. John was born circa 1425 in Hafod-y-Wern, Berse (Bersham), (Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales and died in 1461 at age 36. Other names for John were John Puleston of Plas-ym-mers and John ap Madog Puleston of Bers and Havod-y-wern.

Birth Notes: Sources differ in birthdate from abt 1425 to abt 1438. This source http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=youngwolf&id=I783 has b. abt 1438, with his father (Madoc Puleston) b. abt 1414. The 1414 date for Madoc is probably too late (see Madog Puleston).

Research Notes: Eldest son of Madog Puleston.

Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg56.htm#1141.

Wikipedia (List of baronetcies in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom) has:
Title: Puleston of Emral created 1813 surname: Puleston extinct 1896

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. II (London, 1882) has from Cae Cyriog M.S.; Lewys Dwnn, vol ii: "John Puleston of Bers and Havod y Wern, son of Madog of Bers, 2nd son of Robert Puleston of Emrall, ab Richard ab Sir Roger Puleston. Argent on a bend sable, three mullets of the field for Madog Puleston."

The following has been disputed:
From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 455:
"Sir John, the first son [of Madog Puleston], m. Angharad, dau. and h. of Gruffydd Hanmer, Esq., of Hanmer, Flintshire, and had issue, besides Catherine, who d. s. p., a son,--Sir Roger Puleston..."
---------
From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-PULE-EST-1283.html) :
"(2) Before the middle of the 15th cent. a branch of the family had settled at Berse, near Wrexham, and by the end of that century Hafod-y-wern, in the same area, had come into possession of the Pulestons through the marriage of JOHN PULESTON of Plas-ym-mers, a grandson of the Robert and Lowry, previously mentioned, and Alswn, daughter and heiress of Hywel ap Ieuan ap Gruffydd of Hafod-y-wern. JOHN PULESTON ('HEN'), of Hafod-y-wern, the eldest son of this John Puleston, fought at Bosworth, and for his services on that occasion received a grant for life from Henry VII of an annuity of twenty marks out of the tithes of the lordship of Denbigh (6th Report Royal Commission on Historical MSS., 421), and was appointed a gentleman usher of the king's chamber. In 1502 he was made deputy-lieutenant to the chief steward of Bromfield and Yale (ibid.), and seven years later, in 1509, Henry VIII granted him the receivership of the town of Ruthin and the lordship of Dyffryn Clwyd (Cal. L. & P. Henry VIII, i, 1, 67), and in 1519 that of the lordship of Denbigh and Denbighland (ibid., iii, 1, 146). Like his kinsman, Sir Roger Puleston, he served in the French campaign of 1513, as also did his two sons, both named John, the one by his first, and the other by his second marriage. JOHN PULESTON, of Hafod-y-wern ('John Puleston of Tir Môn,' as he is sometimes described), son of John Puleston ('Hen') by his second wife, Alice, daughter of Hugh Lewis of Presaddfed, was sheriff of Denbighshire, 1543-4. During the latter years of Elizabeth I, two of these Pulestons were presented for recusancy at the Denbighshire Great Sessions: EDWARD PULESTON, of Hafod-y-wern, in 1585, 1588, and 1592, and Anne, wife of JOHN PULESTON, of Berse, in 1587. The last of the Hafod-y-wern family was Frances, daughter of PHILIP PULESTON (d. 1776); she m., in 1786, Bryan Cooke, of Ouston, Yorks (see Davies-Cooke, Gwysaney ). "


The child from this marriage was:

+ 295 M    i. John Hên Puleston, of Hafod-y-Wern, Constable of Caernarfon Castle 237 was born about 1462 in Hafod-y-Wern, Berse (Bersham), (Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales and died about 1544 about age 82.

250. Gwervil verch Howell (Alswn ferch Hywel ap Gronwy, of Hafod-y-Wern216, Hywel ap Gronwy ap Ieuan, of Hafod-y-Wern185, Gronwy ap Ieuan, of Havod y Wern152, Ieuan ap Gronwy, of Hafod-y-Wern129, Gronwy ap Hwfa, of Hafod-y-Wern101, Hwfa ap Iorwerth, of Hafod-y-Wern82, Iorwerth Vychan ap Ieuaf, of Llwynon, co. Denbig59, Ieuaf ap Ninniau47, Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: The History of the Gwydir Family by Sir John Wynne (Oswestry, 1878), Table II. [following p. 28] - "wife of Tudur ap Hob-y-dili"

251. David Goch ap Trahairn Goch, Lord of Penllech (Trahairn Goch ap, Lord of Llyn, Grainianoc and Penllech218, Madoc ap187, Rhys-Gloff, Lord of Cymcydmaen154, Rhys-Vaughn, Lord of Yestradtywy132, Rhys-Mechyllt, of Llandovery Castle106, Rhys Gwyg ap, Lord of Yestradtywy87, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Welsh Settlement of Pensylvania by Charles H. Browning (Philadelphia, 1912), p. 282

David married someone.

His child was:

+ 296 M    i. Ievan ap David Goch, Lord of Grainianoc and Penllech .

252. Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond 201 (Sir Owen Meredith Tudor219, Maredudd ap Tudur188, Tudur ap Goronwy155, Goronwy ap Tudur Hen, Lord of Penmynydd133, Tudur Hen ap Goronwy107, Goronwy ap Ednyfed Vychan, Lord of Tref-Gastell in Anglesea88, Gwenllian verch Griffith ap Rhys62, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1430 in England, died on 3 Nov 1456 in Carmarthen Castle at age 26, and was buried in Carmarthen Grey Friars. Other names for Edmund were Edmund of Hadham and Tudur Edmwnd.

Birth Notes: He was born either at Much Hadham Palace in Hertfordshire or at Hadham in Bedfordshire.

Death Notes: Died of the plague.

Burial Notes: He was buried at Carmarthen Grey Friars after his death. After the dissolution of the monasteries in 1539, his remains were removed to the choir of St. David's Cathedral.

Edmund married Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby 238 on 1 Nov 1455. Margaret was born 31 May <1443> in Bletsoe Castle, Bedfordshire, England, died on 29 Jun 1509 in Deanery of Westminster Abbey at age 66, and was buried in Henry VII Lady Chapel, Westminster Abbey.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Lady Margaret Beaufort :

"Henry [VII] derived his claim to the English throne from his mother Margaret, and England did not bar women from inheriting the kingship, it is arguably she and not her son who should have claimed the crown. Margaret did not contest Henry's right to rule; however, she occasionally used the signature Margaret R, a form limited to queens regnant . (See discussion below.)

Margaret was twelve when she married Edmund on 1 November 1455 . Edmund died the following November, leaving a thirteen year old widow who was seven months pregnant with their child, Henry. Margaret and her son retired to Pembroke when the wars between Lancaster and York broke out and remained there until the Yorkist triumphs of 1461. The readeption of 1470 saw her return to court but her son fled to Brittany with his uncle, Jasper Tudor .[1]

Margaret was to marry twice more after Edmund's death:
Sir Henry Stafford (c. 1447 - 4 October 1471), the son of Humphrey Stafford , 6th Earl of Stafford , 1st Duke of Buckingham

Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby
She had no children with either, and it has been suggested by historians that the birth of her son Henry when she was only thirteen years old was difficult enough to render her infertile.

[edit ] The King's Mother
Margaret was instrumental in secretly conspiring against King Richard III with the Dowager Queen Consort, Elizabeth Woodville , whose sons, the Princes in the Tower , were presumed murdered. They were aided by the fact that Margaret's third husband, Thomas Stanley, had switched sides because Richard III held captive his eldest son, George Stanley (styled Lord Strange by marriage to the female holder of that hereditary lordship). George was Thomas Stanley's son by his first wife, Eleanor Neville, whose brother, Richard Neville was very active in the Wars of the Roses. Margaret was Thomas Stanley's second wife.

At the end of the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, it was Thomas Stanley who placed the crown on his stepson's - Henry VII's - head. Stanley was later made Earl of Derby, which made Margaret Countess of Derby, but she was styled "The Countess of Richmond and Derby."

With her son winning the crown at Bosworth Field, Margaret was now referred to in court as "My Lady the King's Mother." However, Margaret was reluctant to accept a lower status than the dowager queen consort Elizabeth Woodville or even her daughter-in-law, Elizabeth of York , the current queen consort . She wore robes of the same quality as the queen consort and walked only half a pace behind her.

Margaret sometimes signed herself Margaret R, the form of signature used by English queens regnant to indicate the title "Regina," the feminine form of "Rex." This referenced Margaret's own potential claim to the English throne, which would have had precedence over her son's claim, though she never asserted it. Had she successfully done so, she would have been a queen regnant - ruling in her own right, not through marriage - and entitled her to sign documents with the suffix "Regina." (See "Marriages" above for more on Margaret's own right to the English throne.)

Many historians believe the banishment of Woodville in 1487 by Henry VII of England was partly at the behest of his influential mother. Margaret was known for her education and her piety, and her son is said to have been devoted to her."


The child from this marriage was:

+ 297 M    i. KingHenry VII, of England 239 was born on 28 Jan 1457 in Pembroke Castle, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales, died on 21 Apr 1509 in Richmond Palace at age 52, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, London, Midlesex, England.

253. Robert Tiptoft 128 (Margery de Badlesmere220, Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1340 in <Nettlestead, Suffolk>, England, was christened on 11 Jun 1341 in Nettlestead, Suffolk, England, and died on 13 Apr 1372 about age 32.

Robert married Margaret Deincourt,128 daughter of William Deincourt and Margaret Welles,. Margaret was born about 1353 in Northumberland, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 298 F    i. Elizabeth Tiptoft 128 was born about 1370 in <Nettlestead, Suffolk>, England, died on 20 Apr 1478 about age 108, and was buried in Grey Friars, Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

254. Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, Earl of Essex & Northampton 204 (Elizabeth de Badlesmere221, Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1342, died on 16 Jan 1373 at age 31, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

Research Notes: 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex and 2nd Earl of Northampton.

From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford :

Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex and 2nd Earl of Northampton (1342 - 16 January 1373 ) was an important medieval English noble during the reign of King Edward III of England .

Lineage
He was the son of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton , and Elizabeth de Badlesmere . His paternal grandparents were Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan , daughter of King Edward I . His maternal grandparents were Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare . He was the last of this de Bohun line, but his titles should have been passed to his successor who was his second cousin.

Inheritance
On his death, his great estates were divided between his two surviving daughters: Mary de Bohun , who married Henry Bolingbroke, the future Henry IV and Eleanor de Bohun , who married Thomas of Woodstock . His third daughter, Elizabeth, had died young.

His wife and the mother of his daughters was Joan Fitzalan , daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster , whom he married after 9 September 1359.

These estates went to the husbands of the daughters of Humphrey even though there was a male heir alive in Hereford until 1381 - his name is Gilbert de Bohun - who married Margaret Wastney, great-granddaughter of Robert Fitzrobert, and they had a daughter called Joan who married Walter Weaver in 1362 and had male issue.

Henry IV was created Duke of Hereford before he usurped the throne.

Humphrey married Joan FitzAlan,240 daughter of Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne and Eleanor, of Lancaster,. Joan was born about 1348, died on 17 Apr 1419 about age 71, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Joan Fitzalan :

Lady Joan Fitzalan, Countess of Hereford, Essex, and Northampton (1347/1348- 7 April 1419), was the wife of Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford , 6th Earl of Essex, and 2nd Earl of Northampton. Joan was the mother of Mary de Bohun , the first wife of Henry of Bolingbroke who later reigned as King Henry IV of England , and Eleanor de Bohun , Duchess of Gloucester. She was the maternal grandmother of King Henry V of England .

Family
Lady Joan was born in about 1347 or 1348 at Arundel Castle , Sussex , one of seven children, and the eldest daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel and his second wife Eleanor of Lancaster .[1] Her paternal grandparents were Edmund Fitzalan, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne . Her maternal grandparents were Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud Chaworth .

List of siblings
Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel (1346- 21 September 1397 Tower Hill, Cheapside, London), married firstly Elizabeth de Bohun , sister of Humphrey de Bohun, by whom he had seven children, and secondly Philippa Mortimer. He was beheaded on charges of high treason against King Richard II of England .
John Fitzalan 1st baron of Arundel, 1st Baron Maltravers (1351-16 December 1379), married Eleanor Maltravers, by whom he had issue. He drowned in the Irish Sea, having been shipwrecked after defeating the French off the Cornish coast.
Alice Fitzalan (1350- 17 March 1416), married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent , by whom she had issue.
Thomas Arundel Archbishop of Canterbury (1352- 19 February 1414)
Mary Fitzalan (died 29 August 1396), married John Le Strange, 4th Baron Strange of Blackmere, by whom she had issue, including Ankaret Le Strange who married Richard Talbot, 4th Baron Talbot. These were the parents of John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury
Eleanor Fitzalan (1356- before 1366)
J
oan had a half-brother from her father's first marriage to Isabel le Despenser :
Edmund of Arundel (1327- after 1377), he was bastardised by his parents annulment. He married Sybil Montagu, by whom he had two daughters.

Joan had two uterine half-siblings from her mother's first marriage to John de Beaumont, 2nd Lord Beaumont (died 14 April 1342):
Henry de Beaumont, 3rd Lord Beaumont (4 April 1340- 17 June 1369), married as her first husband Margaret de Vere (died 15 June 1398), by whom he had issue.
Matilda de Beaumont (died July 1367), married Hugh de Courtney.

Marriage and children
Sometime after 9 September 1359, Joan married Humphrey de Bohun , one of the most powerful noblemen in the kingdom. His titles included 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex, 2nd Earl of Northampton, and he was the hereditary Constable of England. He was the son of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere . The marriage produced two daughters, whom upon the death of their father, divided his vast estates between them:
Eleanor de Bohun (c.1360- 3 October 1399), co-heiress of her father. In 1376 she married Thomas of Woodstock , 1st Duke of Gloucester, the youngest son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault . The marriage produced five children, including Anne of Gloucester . Eleanor died as a nun at Barking Abbey.
Mary de Bohun (1369- 4 June 1394), co-heiress of her father. On 27 July 1380 she married Henry of Bolingbroke, who would later be crowned King Henry IV. She died before he ascended the throne. The marriage produced six chidren including King Henry V of England .

Execution of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter
In 1397, Joan's brother Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel and a Lord Appellant was executed on Tower Hill for his opposition to King Richard II of England . The king's half-brother John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter , Earl of Huntingdon accompanied him to the scaffold, as one of King Richard's representatives. Less than three years later in 1400, when Holland joined a conspiracy to murder the new king Henry IV, and was captured near Joan's principal residence Pleshy Castle in Essex , he was turned over to her for punishment. Described as having possessed a "stern character",[2] she showed him no mercy, and swiftly gave orders for his execution by decapitation , after summoning the children of her dead brother to witness the deed. Following the beheading, which was performed without benefit of a trial, she ordered that Holland's severed head be raised on the end of a pike, which was placed upon the battlements of Pleshy Castle.
Death
Lady Joan Fitzalan died on 7 April 1419 and was buried in Walden Abbey with her husband who had died in 1373.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 299 F    i. Mary de Bohun

+ 300 F    ii. Eleanor de Bohun died in 1399.

255. Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel 205 (Elizabeth de Badlesmere221, Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1350 and died on 3 Apr 1385 about age 35.

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 50:

"III LADY ELIZABETH DE BOHUN, who married Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, who was beheaded on Tower Hill, September, 1397. Elizabeth died during her husband's life-time, prior to 15 Richard II., for in that year the Earl of Arundel paid a fine to the king for marrying (the second time) without a license. [Dugdale]. His second wife survived him."

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From Wikipedia - Elizabeth de Bohun :

Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel, Countess of Surrey (c.1350- 3 April 1385), was the first wife of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel , Earl of Surrey, (1346- 21 September 1397 Tower Hill, Cheapside, London), a powerful English nobleman and military commander in the reigns of Edward III and Richard II . She was the mother of his seven children.

Family and lineage
Lady Elizabeth de Bohun was born around 1350, the daughter of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere . Her older brother Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford married Joan Fitzalan , a sister of the 11th Earl of Arundel, by whom he had two daughters. Elizabeth had a half-brother Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March by her mother's first marriage to Sir Edmund Mortimer.

Her paternal grandparents were Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan , daughter of King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile . Her maternal grandparents were Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare .

Lady Elizabeth's parents both died when she was young, her mother having died in 1356, and her father in 1360.

Marriage and children
On 28 September 1359, by Papal dispensation,[1] Elizabeth married Richard Fitzalan, who succeeded to the earldoms of Arundel and Surrey upon the death of his father, Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel .

At the coronation of King Richard II, Richard carried the crown. In the same year, 1377, he was made Admiral of the South and West. The following year, 1378, he attacked Harfleur , but was repelled by the French.

Fitzalan allied himself with the King's uncle Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester , who was married to Fitzalan's niece Eleanor de Bohun , who was also his wife's niece. The two men eventually became members of the Council of Regency, and formed a strong and virulent opposition to the King. This would later prove fatal to both men.

Richard and Elizabeth had seven children:[2]

Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel , Earl of Surrey KG (13 October 1381- 13 October 1415), married 26 November 1405, Beatrice, illegitimate daughter of King John I of Portugal and Inez Perez Esteves.[3] The marriage was childless.
Lady Eleanor Fitzalan (c.1365- 1375), on 28 October 1371, at the age of about six, married Robert de Ufford. Died childless.
Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan (1366- 8 July 1425), married firstly before 1378, Sir William de Montagu, secondly in 1384, Thomas Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk , by whom she had four children, thirdly before 19 August 1401, Sir Robert Goushill, by whom she had two daughters, and fourthly before 1411, Sir Gerard Afflete. The Howard Dukes of Norfolk descend from her daughter Margaret Mowbray who married Sir Robert Howard .
Lady Joan FitzAlan (1375- 14 November 1435), married William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny , by whom she had a son, Richard de Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester and a daughter Joan de Beauchamp , wife of James Butler , 4th Earl of Ormond .
Lady Alice Fitzalan (1378- before October 1415), married before March 1392, John Cherlton, Lord Cherlton. Had an affair with Cardinal Henry Beaufort , by whom she had an illegitimate daughter, Jane Beaufort.[4]
Lady Margaret Fitzalan (1382- after 1423), married Sir Rowland Lenthall, of Hampton Court, Herefordshire, by whom she had two sons.
Son Fitzalan (his name is given as either Richard or William).

Death
Elizabeth de Bohun died on 3 April 1385 at the age of about thirty- five. She was buried at Lewes in Sussex. Her husband married secondly Philippa Mortimer on 15 August 1390, by whom he had a son John Fitzalan (1394- after 1397).

Richard Fitzalan was executed by decapitation on 21 September 1397 at Tower Hill Cheapside , London for having committed high treason against King Richard.[5] His titles and estates were attainted until October 1400, when they were restored to his son and heir Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel by the new king Henry IV who had ascended to the English throne upon the deposition of King Richard in 1399.



Elizabeth married Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey,241 son of Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne and Eleanor, of Lancaster, about 28 Sep 1359. Richard was born in 1346 in <Arundel, West Sussex>, England and died on 21 Sep 1397 in Cheapside, London, England at age 51.

Marriage Notes: Wikipedia

Death Notes: Condemned and beheaded on Tower Hill by Richard II

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - 11th Earl of Arundel and 10th Earl of Surrey.

"In 1377 he was Admiral of the West and South, and in 1386 Admiral of all England. In this capacity he defeated a combined Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off of Margate in 1387. The following year he was one of the Lords Appellant to Richard II. In 1397 he was arrested for his opposition to Richard II, and then attainted and beheaded 21 September 1397."
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From Wikipedia - Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel :

Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel and 10th Earl of Surrey (1346 - September 21, 1397, beheaded) was an English nobleman and military commander.

He was the son of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.

In 1377 he was Admiral of the West and South, and in 1386 Admiral of all England. In this capacity he defeated a combined Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off of Margate in 1387. The following year he was one of the Lords Appellant to Richard II. In 1397 he was arrested for his opposition to Richard II, and then attainted and beheaded.

Arundel married twice. His first wife was Elizabeth de Bohun, daughter of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton. They married around September 28, 1359 and had four children.

***********
From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 50:

"III LADY ELIZABETH DE BOHUN, who married Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, who was beheaded on Tower Hill, September, 1397. Elizabeth died during her husband's life-time, prior to 15 Richard II., for in that year the Earl of Arundel paid a fine to the king for marrying (the second time) without a license. [Dugdale]. His second wife survived him.

"His will is as follows:
'I, Richard, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, March 4, 1392, 16 Richard II. in my Castle of Philipp. My body to be buried in the Priory of Lewis, in a place behind the high altar, which I have shewn to my beloved in God Danz John Chierlien, Prior, and frere Thomas Asshebourne, my confessor. In case my dear wife E., on whom God have mercy, be not there interred by me, I charge my executors that they cause my said wife to be conveyed from her present tomb to the said place with the same form as the body of my most honored lord and father was buried. If I die in England I desire to have my corpse privately conveyed to the said Priory, and I forbid armed men, or to her pomp, attendant at my burial.

.... My manors of Angermeryn, Wepham, Warnecamp, Soucstoke, Tothungton, Upinerdon, and Pyperyng...
'My most dear [second] wife Philippa... My sons [in law] the Earl Marshall, Lord Charlton, and William Beauchamp... My son Richard a standing bed called Clove also a bed of silk, embroidered with the arms of Arundel and Warren quarterly... to my dear son Thomas, from the day of my death C L annually in aid of his maintenance, also the Manors of Begenever, Sullynton, and Schapewyk... My dear daughter Charlton; to my daughter Elizabeth a nounce with lions and crowns which was give me by my dear son her husband.' [Testamenta Vetusta, p. 129.]

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth:
1. Richard, d. S. P.
2. Thomas, who died S. P. and whose title passed to his kinsman, but whose lands descended to his sisters.
3. Alice married John de Charlton prior 1392; died before 1415, S. P.
4. Alianora, who had Royal License 28 Oct. 1371, to marry Robert de Ufford, son of William Earl of Suffolk. [Notes from the Patent Rolls Inq. etc.]; but is said in 'Williamson's Evidences' to have died unmarried, p. 30.] [Hist. Cheshire, Ormerod, p. 38.]
5. Elizabeth, of whom hereafter.
6. Joane, married before 1392, William Beauchamp of Abergavenny. She died 14 Nov. 1435.
7. Margaret, married Sir Rowland Lenthall."

Noted events in his life were:

• Succeeded: to the lordships of Bromfield (Wrexham) and Yale, 24 Jan 1376. upon the death of his father.

• Inherited: Castrum Leonis (Holt Castle) and Dynas Bran and lands in Wrightesham (Wrexham), 24 Jan 1376.

• "Wonderful Parliament": 1388. He was one of the five lords appellant.

• Built: a stone bridge between Bromfield and Chirk, 1392.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 301 F    i. Alice FitzAlan 242 was born about 1374 and died before 1415.

+ 302 F    ii. Joane FitzAlan 243 was born in 1375 and died on 14 Nov 1453 at age 78.

+ 303 F    iii. Elizabeth FitzAlan, d'Arundelle 244 was born on 8 Jul 1379 in Derbyshire, England and died on 8 Jul 1425 in Hoveringham, England at age 46.

+ 304 M    iv. Richard FitzAlan .

+ 305 M    v. Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel, Earl of Surrey 245 was born on 13 Oct 1381 and died on 13 Oct 1415 at age 34.

+ 306 F    vi. Alianora FitzAlan .

+ 307 F    vii. Margaret FitzAlan 246 was born in 1382 and died after 1423.

256. Owain Glyn Dwr ap Gruffudd, of Glyndyfrdwy and Sycharth (Gruffydd Fychan II ap Gruffydd ap Madog, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy224, Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan, of Rhuddallt190, Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan157, Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog135, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1354. Other names for Owain were Owen Glendower, Owain Glyndwr, Owen Glyndwr, and Owain ap Gruffydd.

Research Notes: Wikipedia (Gruffydd Fychan II)

257. Isabel Fychan (Gruffydd Fychan II ap Gruffydd ap Madog, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy224, Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan, of Rhuddallt190, Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan157, Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog135, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

258. Tudor ap Gruffydd Fychan, Lord of Gwyddelwern 206 (Gruffydd Fychan II ap Gruffydd ap Madog, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy224, Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan, of Rhuddallt190, Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan157, Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog135, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1365 and died on 15 May 1405 in Pwll Melyn (Usk), (Monmouthshire), (Wales) about age 40. Another name for Tudor was Twdr ap Gruffydd Fychan.

Death Notes: Killed in battle at Pwll Melyn (Usk)

Research Notes: Source: Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912, p. 290.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, line 251-35. "He was ae. 24+ at Scrope-Grosvenor trial [1385-1390], see 1400, killed in battle, May 1405, at Pwll Melyn."

Tudor married Maud verch Ienaf ap Adda.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, line 251-35 (Tudor ap Gruffydd Fychan)


The child from this marriage was:

+ 308 F    i. Lowri verch Twdr .247

259. Lowry Fychan verch Gruffydd Fychan (Gruffydd Fychan II ap Gruffydd ap Madog, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy224, Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan, of Rhuddallt190, Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan157, Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog135, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1367. Other names for Lowry were Lowry Fychan, Lowrie verch Griffith Vychan, Lowri ferch Gruffydd Fychan, Lowry Vaughan, and Lowry Vychan.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg60.htm#1198 has b. abt 1367.

Rootsweb Celtic Royal Genealogy has b. abt 1362.

Also familysearch.org (Kevin Bradford) has b. abt. 1360.

From Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912, p. 800-801:
"LOWRY VAUGHAN, sister to the celebrated Owen Glendower. She m. Robert Pyllesdon, or Puleston, lord of Emral manor, Caernarvonshire, and had, JOHN PULESTON..."

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, Issued by the Powys-Land Club for the Use of Its Members, London, 1880, p. 123 has "Lowry, dau. of Griffith. (Paly of 8 ar. and gu., a lion ramp. sa.)"

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 249-365 has Lowri ferch Gruffydd Fychan

Lowry married Robert Puleston, Esq., of Emral,248 son of Richard Puleston, Esq. of Emral and Lleiky ferch Madog Foel ap Iefan,. Robert was born about 1358 in Emral, Flintshire, Wales and died after 1415. Another name for Robert was Robert Pyllesdon Lord of Emral manor, Caernarvonshire.

Research Notes: Eldest son of Richard Puleston of Emral.

Emral is sometimes spelled Emrall or Emrell.

From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales, Vol. I, p. 455: "Robert Puleston, Esq., of Emral, who m. Lowri, dau. of Gruffydd Vychan ap Gruffydd of Rhuddallt (sister of Owen Glyndwr). Robert Puleston became a strong supporter of the insurrection headed by the heroic Owen, his brother-in-law..., in consequence of which his estates were imperilled. By his wife Lowri he was father of--1. John Puleston, Esq., of Emral. 2 Madog, who m. Angharad, dau. and co-h. of David ap Gronwy (some say David ap Llewelyn--Dwnn, ii, 151), and became the progenitor of the Pulestons of Havodywern, Bersham (Dwnn, ii, 359), Llwynycnotie (ibid., 361) and Carnarvon (ibid., 150)...."
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From Ancestral Roots, Line 249-35 (Lowri ferch Gruffydd Fychan) "Proceedings at Scrope-Grosvenor trial show Puleston was Owen Glendower's brother-in-law."
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From Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, p. 123 has "Robert Puleston of Emrall, in the co. of Flint. (Sa., three mullets or.)"

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From Wikipedia - Robert Puleston :
Robert Puleston was a brother-in-law and supporter of Owain Glyndwr , at the time of his rebellion against King Henry IV of England in the early 1400s and afterwards.

Lineage
He was from a well established Welsh Marcher family [1]. Pulestons had settled during the reign of King Henry III in Newport, Shropshire initially, in Pilston village and manor, from where they derive their surname.
A Sir Roger de Puleston (died 1294) established himself at Emral in Maelor Saesneg , and was appointed the first Sheriff of Anglesey by King Edward I in 1293. His first task there was to impose the new English taxes (one fifteenth of all moveables) that unsurprisingly led to the revolt of Madog ap Llywelyn , at the height of which the Welsh mob seized the Sheriff and hanged him following a raid on Caernarvon borough.

Another Puleston, Richard de Puleston, was at this time King Edward's Sheriff in Caernarvonshire and had been appointed the same date as Sir Roger, so is very likely to have been a close relation, probably a brother.

Career
Robert Puleston was son of Richard Puleston. He was a witness in the Scrope v. Grosvenor Trial at Chester in 1386, alongside another witness Owain Glynd trial was to settle a dispute between Sir Richard le Scrope of Bolton and Sir Robert Grosvenor of Hulme concerning ownership of a coat of arms. During King Richard II 's military campaign in Scotland in 1385 three knights had borne the same coat of arms. Also involved was Carminow of Cornwall .

The Court was presided over by the Duke of Gloucester as Constable of England who also adjudicated on the eveidence presented by each party and their many witnesses. The trial was to run for five years.
Glynd gave evidence on behalf of Grosvenor saying he had seen Grosvenor bear the arms and that in the counties of Flintshire , Chester and Denbighshire they were accepted as being his rightfully. Glynd younger brother Tudur also testified to this, as did Puleston. However, eventually Scrope won.

Puleston later took part in Glynd rebellion and his extensive lands in the county of Chester , in Shropshire and Flintshire were declared forfeit before 1401. However as part of the programme of Royal Pardons meted out by the new King Henry V he received his old lands back, restored to him after the rebellion had petered out around 1415.

Marriage and issue
Robert Puleston married Owain Glynd's younger sister, Lowry. They had a son called John Puleston, whose will was proved in 1444. He married Angharad, a daughter of Griffith Hanmer, of the same family as Owain Glynd wife, Margaret Hanmer . Angharad was a granddaughter of Gronw ap Tudor of Anglesey . Another son, Roger Puleston (died 1469), who was a staunch ally of Jasper Tudor , Earl of Pembroke holding Denbigh Castle as Deputy Constable to Jasper Tudor in 1460 and 1461.

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From Welsh Biography Online - http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-PULE-EST-1283.html :

PULESTON family, of Emral , Plas-ym-mers , Hafod-y-wern , Llwynycnotiau , Caernarvon , etc.

(1) The Pulestons derived their name from the vill or manor of Pilston or Puleston, near Newport, Salop, where they were settled in the reign of Henry III, and continued to hold land at least until 1433. Sir ROGER DE PULESTON (d. 1294) is believed to have been the first to establish himself at Emral in Maelor Saesneg; he is described as 'de Embers-hall' in 1283; and the following year 'foresta domini Rogeri de Pyvylston' occurs as a boundary in a deed of sale of lands in Gwillington (Arch. Camb., 1888, 32, 293). On 20 March 1293/4 he was appointed by Edward I the first sheriff of Anglesey (Cal. Welsh Rolls, 283), and as such was responsible for levying the odious tax of a fifteenth on moveables which precipitated the revolt led by Madog ap Llywelyn (q.v.) in the autumn of 1294. At the height of the rising the hated sheriff was seized and hanged by the Anglesey Welshmen during a sudden raid on the borough of Caernarvon. In all probability Master Richard de Puleston, who was sheriff of Caernarvonshire, 1284-95 (he was appointed on the same day as Sir Roger), was of the same family, although the pedigrees do not help to establish his exact identity. ROBERT PULESTON, son of Richard Puleston of Emral (alive 1382/3 - B. M. Harley MS. 1971), was a witness in the celebrated Scrope-Grosvenor trial of [1386], together with Owain Glyn Dwr (q.v.) , whose sister Lowry he married. For his part in the rebellion Robert's estates in the counties of Chester, Salop, and Flint were forfeited (Cal. Pat. Rolls, Henry IV, 1399-1401, 370), but were later restored. Robert's grandson, ROGER PULESTON (d. 1469), whose father, JOHN PULESTON (will proved 17 April 1444), had m. Angharad, daughter of Griffith Hanmer and grand-daughter of Tudur ap Gronwy of Anglesey, was a staunch Lancastrian and held Denbigh castle as deputy-constable to his kinsman, Jasper, earl of Pembroke during the campaign of 1460-1.


Noted events in his life were:

• Witnessed a charter: in Scrope-Grosvenor trial, 1386.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 309 F    i. Angharad Puleston 249 was born about 1384 and died in 1448 about age 64.

+ 310 M    ii. John Puleston, Esq., of Emral was born about 1380 and died before 17 Apr 1444.

+ 311 M    iii. Madog Puleston, of Bers was born about 1390 in Emral, Flintshire, Wales.

+ 312 M    iv. Roger Puleston 250 died in 1469.

260. Ralph Bostock (Adam Bostock225, Margaret Whetenhall191, Agnes Arderne158, Margaret verch Gruffydd136, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1)

Ralph married someone.

His child was:

+ 313 M    i. Sir Adam Bostock 251 was born in Cheshire, England and died in Cheshire, England.

261. Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne 208 (Sir Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel226, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel192, Isabella de Mortimer159, Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1313, died on 24 Jan 1376 in Arundel, West Sussex, England about age 63, and was buried in Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England. Other names for Richard were Richard of Arundel, Sir Richard de Arundel, and Richard FitzAlan d'Arundel 9th Ear;l of Arundel.

Research Notes: When John II de Warenne died without legal issue on 29 June 1347, Richard FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel, was the next heir in blood through his mother, Alice de Warenne, John's sister.
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From Wikipedia - Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel :

Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel (c. 1307 - January 24, 1376) was an English nobleman and military leader.

Fitzalan was the eldest son of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, and Alice Warenne. His maternal grandparents were William de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey and Joan de Vere. William was the only son of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey.

His birthdate is uncertain, but could not have been before 1307. Around 1321, FitzAlan's father allied with King Edward II's (also an ancestor) favorites, the Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester (also an ancestor) and his namesake son, and Richard was married to Isabel le Despenser, daughter of Hugh the Younger. Fortune turned against the Despenser party, and in 1326, FitzAlan's father was executed, and he did not succeed to his father's estates or titles.

However, political conditions had changed by 1330, and over the next few years Richard was gradually able to reacquire the Earldom of Arundel as well as the great estates his father had held in Sussex and in the Welsh Marches. Beyond this, in 1334 he was made justice of North Wales (later his term in this office was made for life), sheriff for life of Caernarvonshire, and governor of Caernarfon Castle.

His daughter Joan was the mother of Mary de Bohun who would marry King of England Henry IV.

Noted events in his life were:

• Earl of Arundel: 1331.

• Lord of Bromfield (Wrexham) and Yale: 30 Jun 1347. upon the death of his uncle, John II de Warenne.

• Inherited: castles of Caerleon (Holt) and Dinas Bran, 30 Jun 1347.

• Did homage: to Edward III, 24 Oct 1353. for Bromfield and Yale as immediately subject to the Crown.

Richard married Isabel le Despenser,225 daughter of Sir Hugh le Despenser, Baron Despenser and Eleanor de Clare, on 9 Feb 1321. Marriage status: annulment in Dec 1344. Isabel was born in 1312 and died in 1356 at age 44. Another name for Isabel was Isabel Despenser.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Isabel le Despenser, Countess of Arundel :

Isabel le Despenser (1312 - 1356) was the eldest daughter of Hugh the younger Despenser and Eleanor de Clare . Her father is famous for being the favorite of Edward II of England .

Early Life
After their father was executed for treason in 1326, Isabel and her youngest sister Elizabeth le Despenser were the only daughters of Hugh the Younger to escape being confined in nunneries, Isabel because she was already married and Elizabeth because of her youth.

Marriage and Annulment
On 9 February 1321 Isabel was married to Richard Fitzalan , the heir to the earldom of Arundel.
Richard and Isabel had one son, Edmund Fitzalan, born in 1327, and in 1331 Isabel's husband became earl of Arundel . However in December 1344 Richard Fitzalan had their marriage annulled on the grounds that he had never freely consented to marry Isabel. Isabel retired to several manors in Essex that were given to her by her ex-husband.

Richard and Isabel's only child, Edmund Fitzalan, was rendered illegitimate by this annulment and so was unable to inherit his father's earldom. When his father died in 1376 Edmund quarrelled with his half-siblings, the children of his father's second marriage, over inheritance rights. Edmund was imprisoned in the Tower of London until he was released in 1377 by request of his brothers-in-law.


The child from this marriage was:

+ 314 F    i. Isabel FitzAlan 252 was born about 1332 in Corfim, Shropshire, England and died on 29 Aug 1396 in Shropshire, England about age 64.

Richard next married Eleanor, of Lancaster,222 daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester and Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester, on 5 Feb 1345 in Ditton Church, Stokes Poges, Buckinghamshire, England. Eleanor was born about 1318 in England, died on 11 Jan 1372 in Arundel Castle, West Sussex, England about age 54, and was buried in Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England. Another name for Eleanor was Eleanor Plantagenet.

Marriage Notes: Wikipedia

Research Notes: Second wife of Richard (FitzAlan) d'Arundel.

From Wikipedia - Eleanor of Lancaster :

Eleanor of Lancaster (sometimes called Eleanor Plantagenet 1) (about 1315 - 11 January 1372 ) was born as the fifth daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster (c. 1281-1345) and his wife Maud Chaworth (1282-1322).


First marriage and offspring
Sometime between September 1 and November 6 , 1330 , she married John de Beaumont, 2nd Lord Beaumont , son of Henry Beaumont, 4th Earl of Buchan (c. 1288 - 1340) and his wife Alice Comyn (c. 1291-1349). They had two children:
Henry Beaumont, 3rd Lord Beaumont , born 1340
Matilda Beaumont (died July 1467), married Hugh de Courtenay
Eleanor was a lady-in-waiting to Queen Philippa , and was in service to her in Ghent when her son Henry was born. John de Beaumont died in a tournament on 14 April 1342 .

Second marriage
On 5 February 1344 at Ditton Church , Stoke Poges , Buckinghamshire , she married Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel (9th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots), 4th Earl of Surrey, known by the soubriquet of "Copped Hat", Justiciar of North Wales, Governor of Carnarvon Castle, Admiral of the West.2

His previous marriage, to Isabel le Despenser , had taken place when they were children. It was annulled by Papal mandate as she, since her father's attainder and execution, had ceased to be of any importance to him. Pope Clement VI obligingly annulled the marriage, bastardized the issue, and provided a dispensation for his second marriage to the woman with whom he had been living in adultery (the dispensation, dated 4 March 1344 /1345 , was required because his first and second wives were first cousins).
The children of Eleanor's second marriage were:
Richard (1346-1397), who succeeded as Earl of Arundel
John Fitzalan (bef 1349-1379)
Thomas Arundel , Archbishop of York (c. 1345-February 19 , 1413 )
Joan Fitzalan (bef. 1351-April 17 , 1419 ), married Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford
Alice Fitzalan (1352 -March 17 , 1416 ), married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent (Thomas Holand)

Eleanor died at Arundel and was buried at Lewes Priory in Lewes , Sussex , England. Her husband was buried beside her; in his will Richard requests to be buried "near to the tomb of Eleanor de Lancaster, my wife; and I desire that my tomb be no higher than hers, that no men at arms, horses, hearse, or other pomp, be used at my funeral, but only five torches...as was about the corpse of my wife, be allowed."

Sources
Fowler, Kenneth. The King's Lieutenant, 1969
Nicolas, Nicholas Harris. Testamenta Vetusta, 1826.
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 17-30, 21-30, 28-33, 97-33, 114-31

Notes
1The surname "Plantagenet" has been retrospectively applied to the descendants of Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou and Empress Matilda without historical justification: it is simply a convenient, if deceptive, method of referring to people who had, in fact, no surname. The first descendant of Geoffrey to use the surname was Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (father of both Edward IV of England and Richard III of England ) who apparently assumed it about 1448.
2also called Richard de Arundel.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 315 M    i. Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey 241 was born in 1346 in <Arundel, West Sussex>, England and died on 21 Sep 1397 in Cheapside, London, England at age 51.

+ 316 M    ii. John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel and Lord Maltravers 253 was born about 1348 in Etchingham, Sussex, England and died on 16 Dec 1379 about age 31.

+ 317 F    iii. Joan FitzAlan 240 was born about 1348, died on 17 Apr 1419 about age 71, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

+ 318 M    iv. Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of York 254 was born about 1350 and died on 19 Feb 1413 about age 63.

+ 319 F    v. Alice FitzAlan 254 was born in 1350 and died on 17 Mar 1416 at age 66.

262. John Neville 209 (Alice Audley227, Isolde de Mortimer193, Sir Edmund de Mortimer, 7th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore160, Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1328 in <Raby With Keverstone>, Durham, England and died on 17 Oct 1388 in Newcastle Upon Tyne, Northumberland, England about age 60.

John married someone.

His child was:

+ 320 M    i. Ralph de Neville 209 was born in 1364 in <Castle Raby>, Raby With Keverstone, Durham, England, died on 21 Oct 1426 in Castle Raby, Raby With Keverstone, Durham, England at age 62, and was buried in Oct 1426 in Collegiate Church, Staindrop, Durham, England.

263. Edwart Trevor ap Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam, of Bryncinallt (Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel230, Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel, of Pen Gwern196, Iorwerth Voel ap Iorwerth Vychan163, Katherine verch Gruffydd ap Llywelyn140, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1382 and died in 1448 about age 66. Other names for Edwart were Edwart ap Daffyd of Bryncinallt, Iorwerth Trevor ap Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam of Bryncinallt, Edward ap David ap Ednyfed Gam of Brynkynallt, co. Denbigh, and Edward Trevor of Bryncinallt.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 249-36 (Angharad Puleston).

Also Source: http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872118

From A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 506 "EDWARD AP DAVID, who m. Angharad, dau. (by Lowrie, sister of OWEN GLENDOWER, and dau. of Griffith Vychan, Lord of Glyndwrdwy, co. Merioneth; see HUGHES or GWERCLAS) of Roibert Puleston, of Emrall, co. Flint, Esq. (see BURKE'S Peerage and Baronetage, PULESTON or EMRALL,) and dying in 1448, had issue, I. JOHN, II. Richard-Trevor, progenitor of the TREVORS OF OSWESTRY, co. Salop.

Edwart married Angharad Puleston,249 daughter of Robert Puleston, Esq., of Emral and Lowry Fychan verch Gruffydd Fychan,. Angharad was born about 1384 and died in 1448 about age 64.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 321 M    i. John ap Edward ap David, of Brynkynallt, co. Denbigh

+ 322 M    ii. Richard-Trevor ap Edward ap David

+ 323 F    iii. Rose Trevor ferch Edwart ap Daffyd .

264. Margaret verch David ap Ednyfed Gam (Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel230, Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel, of Pen Gwern196, Iorwerth Voel ap Iorwerth Vychan163, Katherine verch Gruffydd ap Llywelyn140, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 506

265. Tudor Vychan ap Gwilym, of Penmynydh, Anglesey (Gwilym ap Gruffydd, Lord of Penrhyn231, Gruffydd ap Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan197, Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Heilen, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan164, Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd141, Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire120, Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1)

266. Elen verch Gwilym Fychan (Gwilym ap Gruffydd, Lord of Penrhyn231, Gruffydd ap Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan197, Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Heilen, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan164, Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd141, Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire120, Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1404. Other names for Elen were Elin verch Gwilym and Ellin verch Gwilym ap Griffith of Penrhyn.

Research Notes: http://www.penrose.org/getperson.php?personID=I40089&tree=penrose

Source: A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire by Sir [John] Bernard Burke, London, 1866, pp. 85-86

Elen married William Bulkeley, Esq., of Cheadle, Constable of Beaumaris Castle.

Research Notes: Source: A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire by Sir [John] Bernard Burke, London, 1866, pp. 85-86:
:WILLIAM BULKELEY, Esq., of Cheadle, constable of Beaumaris Castle, Anglesey, in the reign of HENRY VI., who prevented the Duke of York, on his return from Ireland, from effecting a landing at Beaumaris. He m. Ellin, dau. (by his 2nd wife, Jonet, widow of Robert Paris, chamberlain of North Wales, and dau. of Sir William Stanley, Knt., of Hooton, co. Chester) of Gwylim ap Griffith, of Penrhyn, co. Carnarvon, and jure prima uxoris of Penmynydd, co. Anglesey, who d. 18th HENRY IV. (1440), derived from Ednyfed Vychan, Lord of Brynfenigle. By this lady he was father of a son, ROWLAND BULKELEY, Esq. of Beaumaris and Cheadle..."

267. Angharad verch Gwilym (Gwilym ap Gruffydd, Lord of Penrhyn231, Gruffydd ap Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan197, Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Heilen, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan164, Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd141, Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire120, Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1407.

268. Sir William Griffith, of Penrhyn, Chamberlain of North Wales 212 (Gwilym ap Gruffydd, Lord of Penrhyn231, Gruffydd ap Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan197, Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Heilen, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan164, Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd141, Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire120, Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1420 in Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, (Bangor), Caernarfonshire, (Gwynedd), Wales and died in 1483 in Austria-Hungary about age 63. Other names for William were William Griffith Fychan, Gwilym Fychan ap Gwilym ap Gruffydd, William Fychan ap Gwilym of Penrhyn, 1st Chamberlain of North Wales, William Vaughan ab Gwilym Chamberlain of North Wales, Gwilym Fychan ap Gwilym ap Gruffydd of Penrhyn, 1st Chamberlain of North Wales, and William Vaughan 1st Chamberlain of North Wales.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. abt 1420, as does Welsh Biography Online. Another source has 1415.

Research Notes: From The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd, Vol. IV, p. 342:
"William Fychan of Penrhyn, Chamberlain of North Wales. He was made a denizen of England, 18 Henry VI, upon the condition of his not marrying a Welshwoman. He was living 10th August 1466."

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From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales, Vol. I, p. 362:
"William Gruffydd, or Gwilym Vychan, ancestor of the Griffiths of Penrhyn, Plasnewydd, Carreglwyd, Pencraig, and Carnarvon."

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From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, pp. 57-58:

"VII. LADY JANE TROUTBECK, daughter of Sir William Troutbeck, married Sir William Griffith, Knight, of Penrhyn, in the county of Caernarvon, as appear of record in the Visitations of Lewis Dwnn, II, 154-5, Harl. MSS. No. 1424, fo. 135b., also MS. of the celebrated antiquary, Robert Vaughan, of Hengwrt, Known as the Hengwrt MS. 96, p. 603 (vide Montgomeryshire Collections, by the Powysland Club), vol XXV., page 98. The translation of this MS. is as follows:

'Wm. Vaughan (Vychan) Chamberlain of No. Wales (son of Gwilym ab Gruffydd ab Gullym ab Gruffydd ab Heilen, by his 2d wife Sioned (Jonet) D. of Sir W. Stanley of Hooton, Chamberlain of No. Wales and Chester), and had all the land of his father, and the lands also of Paris, (from whom Paris Mountain), by his mother's influence, and in the 18th year of Henry VI. (1440) he got himself made a denizen of England, under covenant that he should not marry any Welsh woman, so he married Alice, dau. and heir of Sir Richard Dalton, kt., by a daughter of Lord Clifford, his wife. Their son, Sir william Griffith, Hael (the Liberal), m. Jane, dau. of Sir Wm. Troutbeck, Kt., by his wife, a sister to Sir Thomas Stanley.'

"Sir William Griffith must, therefore, have been born subsequent to the year 1440, and succeeded his father as Chamberlain of North Wales, some time after 10th of August , 1466, for his said father was alive upon the last mentioned day."

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From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :
"Some time after 1405 he m. Joan, daughter of Sir William Stanley of Hooton, Ches., thus beginning a long and profitable connexion with the rising star of that family. His son by his first wife inherited only his mother's property at Penmynydd, and he was the ancestor of the later Theodores of that place (see Tudor family, of Penmynydd ). Gwilym ap Griffith d. in 1431, leaving his great possessions in Anglesey and Caernarvonshire to his son by the second marriage. (Penrhyn manuscripts, passim; Trans. Angl. Antiq. Soc., 1951, 34-72; J. R. Jones, 'The development of the Penrhyn estate to 1431', University of Wales M.A. thesis, unpublished.)

"From 1431 to 1531 the son, grandson, and great-grandson of Gwilym ap Griffith (each named Gwilym) held the estate and added to it. (During the 15th cent. the surname 'Griffith' became established and 'Gwilym' became 'William' in non-Welsh records.) All three showed outstanding skill in steering a safe and profitable course through the dangerous waters of 15th cent. politics; in particular, they allied themselves with prominent English houses, especially the pliant Stanleys - a process which began with the marriage of Gwilym ap Griffith to Joan Stanley of Hooton. The son of that marriage, GWILYM FYCHAN (c. 1420-1483), was under the tutelage of his Stanley kinsmen until he came of age (Penrhyn MSS. 17-18). In 1440 he received letters of denization, freeing him from the operation of the penal laws passed against Welshmen during the Glynd revolt, on condition that he did not marry a Welsh-woman or hold office; the ban on holding office was raised in 1443 on the ground that his mother was a Stanley (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1436-41 (416), 1441-6 (164). He m., before 1447, Ales, daughter and heiress of Sir Richard Dalton of Apthorp, Northants.; the marriage almost certainly reflects the Stanley connection, for Ales Dalton was grand-daughter by her second marriage of Isabel de Pilkington whose daughter by Thomas de Lathom, her first husband, brought Lathom and Knowsley to the Stanleys. (Dwnn, Visitations, ii, 155; Penrhyn MSS. 1-4, 7-9, 13; G.E.C., Complete Peerage, iv, 205 n. c.; D.N.B., liv., 75.) He m. (2) Gwenllian, daughter of Iorwerth ap David; ROBERT, his eldest son by this marriage, was the ancestor of the family of Griffith of Plasnewydd, Anglesey, and Llanfairis-gaer, Caerns.; EDMUND, the second son, founded the estate of Carreg-lwyd, Anglesey . See Griffith , Pedigrees, 47, 56, 57, and articles Griffith of Carreg-lwyd and Griffith, George, 1601-1666 . In 1451 he was member of a commission appointed to examine the reasons why the revenues of Merioneth were in arrear (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1446-52, 480) and between 1457 and 1463 he was deputy to various chamberlains of North Wales (Davies, Conway and Menai Ferries, 47; P.R.O. Min. Acc., 1154/3, 1180/3). He does not appear to have held the office of chamberlain. He was probably the William Griffith who, as 'marshall of the King's Hall,' received grants from Edward IV in 1462 and 1464, and he served on a number of North Wales commissions during Edward's reign (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1461-7 (117, 293, 329), 1467-77 (54, 490), 1476-85 (121)). He was d. by 13 Sept. 1483 (Penrhyn MSS. 38-9). A number of contemporary poets (qq.v.) sang his praises - Cynwrig ap Dafydd Goch , Dafydd ab Edmwnd , Guto'r Glyn , Rhys Goch Eryri , and Robin Ddu (Mostyn MSS. 148, 493, 495, 498, 542; Llanst. MSS. 118, 78; Gwaith Dafydd ab Edmwnd (ed. T. Roberts ), 107; Gwaith Guto'r Glyn (ed. J. Ll. Williams and I. Williams ), 52, 55; Iolo Goch ac Eraill (ed. H. Lewis , T. Roberts and I. Williams ), 307; H. T. Evans , Wales and the Wars of the Roses, 14)."




Noted events in his life were:

• Appointed: Chamberlain of North Wales, 1439.

William married Alice Dalton,255 daughter of Sir Richard Dalton, of Apthorp, Northants. and Isabel Stanley, in 1444 in Apthorp, Northamptonshire, England. Alice was born about 1425 in Apethorpe, Northamptonshire, England and died in 1483 about age 58. Another name for Alice was Ales Dalton.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. abt 1428.

Research Notes: From History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher<</i>>, Vol. IV, London, 1884, p. 342. "Alice, d. and heiress of Sir Richard Dalton, Knt., ab Sir John ab Sir John ab Sir John Dalton ab Sir Robert Dalton, Knt. (azure, a lion rampant in an orle of eight cross crosslets argent). Her mother was Isabel, daughter and heiress of John Stanley, Esq. (argent, on a band azure, three stag's heads caboshed or)."

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From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :
"[Gwilym Fychan] m., before 1447, Ales, daughter and heiress of Sir Richard Dalton of Apthorp, Northants.; the marriage almost certainly reflects the Stanley connection, for Ales Dalton was grand-daughter by her second marriage of Isabel de Pilkington whose daughter by Thomas de Lathom, her first husband, brought Lathom and Knowsley to the Stanleys. (Dwnn, Visitations, ii, 155; Penrhyn MSS. 1-4, 7-9, 13; G.E.C., Complete Peerage, iv, 205 n. c.; D.N.B., liv., 75.)"


Children from this marriage were:

+ 324 M    i. Sir William Griffith, Lord of Penrhyn Castle, Chamberlain of North Wales 256 was born about 1445 in Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, (Bangor), Caernarfonshire, (Gwynedd), Wales and died about 1539 in Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, (Bangor), Caernarfonshire, (Gwynedd), Wales about age 94.

+ 325 F    ii. Janet Griffith was born in <Penrhyn, Llandegai, Caernarfonshire, > Wales.

William next married Gwenllian verch Iorwerth ap David about 1483.

Research Notes: 2nd wife of Gwilym Fychan

From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :
"He m. (2) Gwenllian, daughter of Iorwerth ap David; ROBERT, his eldest son by this marriage, was the ancestor of the family of Griffith of Plasnewydd, Anglesey, and Llanfairis-gaer, Caerns.; EDMUND, the second son, founded the estate of Carreg-lwyd, Anglesey . See Griffith , Pedigrees, 47, 56, 57, and articles Griffith of Carreg-lwyd and Griffith, George, 1601-1666 ."

269. Eleanor de Bohun 214 (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex235, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex199, Humphrey VI de Bohun165, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Oct 1304 and died on 7 Oct 1363 at age 59. Another name for Eleanor was Alianore de Bohun.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 7-30

Also Source: Wikipedia - Elizabeth of Rhuddlan

Eleanor married James le Botiller, 1st Earl of Ormond,257 son of Edmund Botiller, Justiciar and Governor of Ireland and Joan FitzGerald, in 1327. James was born about 1305 and died on 6 Jan 1338 about age 33. Another name for James was James Butler Earl of Ormond.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 326 M    i. James Botiller, 2nd Earl of Ormond was born on 4 Oct 1331 in Kilkenny, Ireland and died in 1382 at age 51.

+ 327 F    ii. Petronilla Botiller 258 was born about 1332 in Ormonde Castle, Tipperary, Ireland and died on 23 Apr 1386 in Hereford, Herefordshire, England about age 54.

270. John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex235, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex199, Humphrey VI de Bohun165, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 23 Nov 1306 and died in 1335 at age 29.

271. Agnes de Bohun (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex235, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex199, Humphrey VI de Bohun165, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Nov 1309.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Elizabeth of Rhuddlan

272. Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford 215 (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex235, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex199, Humphrey VI de Bohun165, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 6 Dec 1309, died on 15 Oct 1361 in Pleshey Castle, Essex, England at age 51, and was buried in Friars Augustine, London.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford :

Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford, 5th Earl of Essex (6 December 1309 - 15 October 1361 ) was a Lord High Constable of England.

Lineage
He was born to Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth Plantagenet and a younger brother of John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford . He succeeded his elder brother as Earl of Hereford and Essex upon his death on 20 January 1336. He also succeeded John as the Lord High Constable of England , the seventh highest office of the State.

Death & Burial
After his death in Pleshey , Essex he was buried in Friars Augustine , London . The Earldoms of Hereford and Essex were passed to his nephew, Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford , the son of his younger brother William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton , who predeceased him.

273. Margaret de Bohun 216 (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex235, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex199, Humphrey VI de Bohun165, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 3 Apr 1311 in Caldecote, Northamptonshire, England, died on 16 Dec 1391 in Exeter, Devonshire, England at age 80, and was buried in Exeter Cathedral, Devonshire, England.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Margaret de Bohun, 2nd Countess of Devon :

Margaret de Bohun, 2nd Countess of Devon (3 April 1311 - 16 December 1391 ) was an English noblewoman of the fourteenth century who lived most of her life in the county of Devonshire . She was a granddaughter of King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile . Her eighteen children included an Archbishop of Canterbury and six knights.


Family and marriage
Lady Margaret de Bohun was born on 3 April 1311 at Caldecote, Northampton , the third daughter and sixth child of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford , Lord Constable of England and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan . Her paternal grandparents were Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and Maud de Fiennes , and her maternal grandparents were King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile .

Margaret was left an orphan shortly before her tenth birthday. On 16 March 1321 at The Battle of Boroughbridge , her father was brutally murdered in an ambush by the Welsh. Her mother had died five years previously in childbirth.

She, along with her siblings, received a classical education under a Sicilian Greek, Master Diogenes. As a result, Margaret became a lifelong scholar, and avid book collector.

At the age of fourteen, on 11 August 1325 Lady Margaret married Hugh Courtenay, 2nd Earl of Devon (12 July 1303 - 2 May 1377 ). She had been betrothed to him since 27 September 1314 . He was the son of Hugh Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon and Agnes St.John. Part of her dowry was the manor of Powderham, near Exeter . Margaret assumed the title of 2nd Countess of Devon on 23 December 1340 .

Her eldest brother John de Bohun (23 November 1306 -20 January 1336 ) succeeded as 5th Earl of Hereford in 1326, having married Alice Fitzalan of Arundel in 1325. She had a younger brother William de Bohun (1312- 1360), who was created 1st Earl of Northampton in 1337 by King Edward III . He married Elizabeth de Badlesmere , by whom he had two children. Margaret's elder sister Lady Eleanor de Bohun (17 October 1304 -7 October 1363 ), married in 1327, her first husband, James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde . They were the ancestors of Anne Boleyn .

Hugh and Margaret had a total of eighteen children. More than half reached adulthood. Their notable descendants include Charles, Prince of Wales , and British Prime Minister , Sir Winston Churchill .

List of Children
Sir Hugh Courtenay KG (22 March 1327 Tiverton Castle, Devon -2 September 1349 ), married 1341 Lady Elizabeth Brian (died 23 September 1375 , daughter of Guy Brian, Lord of Tor-Brian. Together they had one son, Hugh.(Born 1343).
Sir Edward Courtenay of Godlington.(1329- 1372), married in 1356 Emmeline Dauney, by whom he had issue.
Margaret Courtenay.(1328 - 2 August 1385 ), married John Cobham, 3rd Lord Cobham by whom she had issue.
Sir Thomas Courtenay (1331- before 1374)
Sir Phillip Courtenay of Powderham, Lord Deputy of Ireland . (1340 - 29 July 1406 ), married Anne Wake by whom he had issue, including Richard Courtenay, Bishop of Norwich .
Elizabeth Courtenay. (c.1333- 7 August 1395 ), married firstly, John de Vere (1335-1350); she married secondly in 1359, Sir Andrew Luttrell by whom she had issue.
Catherine Courtenay.(1335-31 December 1399. She was married three times: William Mohun , Thomas Engain , and Lord William Harrington
Joan Courtenay. (born 1337), married John Chiverton
Matilda Courtenay (born 1339)
Eleanor Courtenay
Guinora Courtenay (born 1348)
Isabel Courtenay (born 1353)
Philippa Courtenay (born 1357)
William Courtenay (1342 St. Martin's, Exeter- 31 July 1396), Archbishop of Canterbury, and previously of London (1381-1396)
John Courtenay (born 1346)
Sir Peter Courtenay, Constable of Windsor(1349 -2 February 1404 ), married Margaret Clyveden
Sir Humphrey Courtenay (born c.1355)
Anne Courtenay (born 1351), died unmarried.


Death
Margaret died on 16 December 1391 at the age of eighty. She is buried in Exeter Cathedral .

Margaret married Hugh de Courtenay,127 son of Hugh de Courtenay and Agnes Saint John, on 11 Aug 1325. Hugh was born on 12 Jul 1303 in Okehampton, Devonshire, England, died on 2 May 1377 in Exeter, Devonshire, England at age 73, and was buried in Exeter Cathedral, Devonshire, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 328 F    i. Margaret Courtenay 127 was born about 1326 in <Exeter, Devonshire>, England, died on 2 Aug 1385 about age 59, and was buried on 2 Aug 1385 in Cobham, Kent, England.

274. Sir William de Bohun, K.G., 1st Earl of Northampton 203 (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex235, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex199, Humphrey VI de Bohun165, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1311 and died on 16 Sep 1360 about age 49.

Research Notes: He was the twin of Edward de Bohun.

From Wikipedia - William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton:

He was the fifth son of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan . He had a twin brother, Edward. His maternal grandparents were Edward I of England and his first Queen consort Eleanor of Castile .

In 1332 he received many new properties: Hinton and Spaine in Berkshire; Hasley, Ascot, Dedington, Pyrton and Kirklington in Oxfordshire; Wincomb in Buckinghamshire; Longbenington in Lincolnshire; Kneesol in Bottinghamshire; Newnsham in Gloucestershire, Wix in Essex, and Bosham in Sussex. He was created Earl of Northampton in 1337 , adding to the titles of Count of Hereford and Essex.

In 1339 he accompanied the King to Flanders. He served variously in Brittany and in Scotland , and was present at the great English victories at Sluys and was a commander at Crécy .

In addition to being a warrior, William was also a renowned diplomat. He negotiated two treaties with France, one in 1343 and one in 1350. He was also charged with negotiating in Scotland for the freedom of David Bruce, prisoner of the English.

De Bohun was succeeded by his son Humphrey , who also succeeded his uncle and became 7th earl of Hereford. His daughter Elizabeth de Bohun was married to Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel .

Noted events in his life were:

• 6th Earl of Northampton: 16 Mar 1337.

William married Elizabeth de Badlesmere,177 daughter of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, of Badlesmere & Chilham Castle, Kent and Margaret de Clare,. Elizabeth was born about 1313 in Castle Badlesmere, Kent, England, died on 8 Jun 1356 about age 43, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England. Another name for Elizabeth was Elizabeth de Badelsmer.

Death Notes: Wikipedia (or some other source) has d. 8 Jun 1356. This contradicts Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, Edited by Thomas Allen Glenn at the request of Howard Reifsnyder, privately printed, Philadelphia, 1902, provided by http://books.google.com, pp. 49, which has 5 Jun 1378, taken from the inscription on a table in Black Friars church, London.

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, pp. 49-50:

"II WILLIAM DE BOHUN, Earl of Northampton and Knight of the Garter, who died 1360. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Bartholomew de Badelsmer--Lord Badelsmer, of Leeds Castle, County Kent, who was beheaded at Canterbury, 1322. The will of this Elizabeth is dated 1356, being executed prior to her husband's decease, but she did not die until 1378, as appears by the following inscription on a tablet erected to her memory in Black Friars, London:

"'Here lieth the body of Lady Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir Bartholomew Balitismer, wife of William Bohun, Earl of Northampton, and mother of the Earles of March and Northampton, and of Elizabeth, Countess of Arundell. She died 5id of June, anno Christi, 1378.' She was interred before the high altar..
--Weever's Funeral Monuments, page 77].

"Her will was as follows:
'I, Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Northampton, on the last day of May 1356, with the leave of my husband to make this my will. My body to be buried in the choir of the Church of the Friar preachers, London: to that church C. Marks sterling, and also the cross made of the very wood of our Saviour's Cross, which I was wont to carry about me, and wherein is contained one of the thorns of his crown; also I bequeath to the said Church two fine acton clothes of one suit, two of cloth of gold, one chalice, one missal, one graile, and one silver bell, likewise thirty-one ells of linen cloth for making of abes, on pulpitary, one portfory, and an holy water pot of silver; to the Friars Preachers of Oxford one hundred marks, two cloths of gold of one suit and one chalice; to the Friars Preachers of Cambridge, fifty pounds; to those of Chelmsford, twenty pounds; to those of Exeter, twenty pounds; also I will that one hundred and fifty marks be distributed to several other convents of Friar Preachers, in such manner as Friar David de Stirington shall think best, for my soul's health; to the Grey Friars in London, five marks; to the Augustines, five marks; to the Churches of Rochford, one pair of vestments which I used on holidays in my own Chapel; to the Earl of Hereford, my lord, a tablet of gold with the form of a crucifix thereon; to Humphrey, my son, a cup of silver, gilt with two basons and one ewer of silver; to Elizabeth, my daughter, a bed of Red Worsted embroided; to my sister, the Countess of Oxford, a black horse and a nonche; to my sister, Roos, a set of beads of gold and jet, with a firmaile.' [Testamenta Vetusta, Nichol. Page 60: et Dugdale, Vol. I., page 180.] William de Bohun and Elizabeth, his wife, had issue: [Lady Elizabeth de Bohun]"
--------
From Wikipedia - Elizabeth de Badlesmere :

Elizabeth de Badlesmere, Countess of Northampton (1313- 8 June 1356) was the wife of two English noblemen, Sir Edmund Mortimer and William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton . She was a co-heiress of her brother Giles de Badlesmere, 2nd Baron Badlesmere .

Family
Elizabeth was born at Castle Badlesmere , Kent , England in 1313 to Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare . She was the third of four daughters. She had one younger brother Giles de Badlesmere, 2nd Baron Badlesmere (18 October 1314- 7 June 1338) who married Elizabeth Montagu, by whom he had four daughters.
Her paternal grandparents were Guncelin de Badlesmere and Joan FitzBernard. Her maternal grandparents were Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond and Juliana FitzGerald of Offaly .

Elizabeth's father was hanged on 14 April 1322 for treason against King Edward II of England , and her mother imprisoned in the Tower of London until 3 November 1322. She had been arrested the previous October for refusing Queen Isabella admittance to Leeds Castle , where Lord Badlesmere held the post of castellan .[1]

In 1328, Elizabeth's brother Giles obtained a reversal of his father's attainder , and he succeeded to the barony as the 2nd Baron Badlesmere. Elizabeth, along with her three sisters, was a co-heiress of Giles who had no male issue. Upon his death in 1338, the barony fell fell into abeyance. The Badlesmere estates were divided between the four sisters.

Marriages and children
On 27 June 1316, when she was just three years old, Elizabeth married her first husband Sir Edmund Mortimer (1310- 16 December 1331)[2] son of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville . The marriage produced two sons:
Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March (11 November 1328 Ludlow Castle - 26 February 1360), married Philippa Montacute, daughter of William Montacute, 1st Earl of Salisbury and Catherine Grandison , by whom he had issue, including Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March ).
John Mortimer (died young)

In 1335, just over three years after the death of Edmund Mortimer, Elizabeth married secondly William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton (1312- 1360), fifth son of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan . He was a renowned military commander and diplomat.
By her second marriage, Elizabeth had two more children:[3]
Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford 6th Earl of Essex, 2nd Earl of Northampton (24 March 1342- 16 January 1373), after 9 September 1359, married Joan Fitzalan , by whom he had two daughters, Eleanor de Bohun Duchess of Gloucester, and Mary de Bohun , wife of Henry of Bolingbroke (who later reigned as King Henry IV ).

Elizabeth de Bohun (c.1350- 3 April 1385), on 28 September 1359, married Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel , by whom she had seven children including Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel , Elizabeth FitzAlan and Lady Joan FitzAlan , Baroness Bergavenny.

Death
Elizabeth de Badlesmere died on 8 June 1356. She was about forty-three years old. She was buried in Walden Abbey , Essex . Her many descendants included Kings Henry V of England and Edward IV of England , Anne Mortimer , Anne Boleyn , Mary Boleyn , and Diana, Princess of Wales .

(Duplicate Line. See Person 221)

275. Edward de Bohun 217 (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex235, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex199, Humphrey VI de Bohun165, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1312 and died in 1334 at age 22.

Research Notes: Twin of William de Bohun

276. Eneas de Bohun (Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex235, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex199, Humphrey VI de Bohun165, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1313 and died after 1322.

Death Notes: Sources have varying death dates. One has aft 1322. Another has 1343.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Elizabeth of Rhuddlan

277. Blanche, of Lancaster 219 (Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester236, Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1305 and died before 12 Jul 1380.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Maud Chaworth :

Blanche of Lancaster , (about 1302/05-1380); Maud's eldest daughter was probably born between 1302 and 1305, and was named after her father's mother Blanche of Artois . Around 9 October 1316, she married Thomas Wake , the second baron of Liddell. Blanch was about forty-five when Thomas died and lived as a widow for more than thirty years. She was one of the executers of her brother Henry's will when he died in 1361. Blanche outlived all her siblings, dying shortly before 12 July 1380 in her mid to late seventies. Born in the reign of Edward I, she survived all the way into the reign of his great grandson Richard II.

278. Henry of, Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster 220 (Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester236, Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1310 and died on 23 Mar 1361 about age 51. Another name for Henry was Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke of Lancaster.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Alice Comyn :

Isabel de Beaumont (c.1320- 1361), married in 1337 Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster , by whom she had two daughters, Maud, Countess of Leicester and Blanche of Lancaster .
-----
From Wikipedia - Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster :

Henry of Grosmont, Duke of Lancaster[a] (c.1310 - 23 March 1361), also Earl of Derby and Leicester, was a member of the English nobility in the 14th century, and a prominent English diplomat , politician , and soldier . The son and heir of Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud Chaworth , he became one of Edward III 's most trusted Captains in the early phases of the Hundred Years' War , and distinguished himself with victory in the Battle of Auberoche . He was a founding member of the Order of the Garter , and in 1351 was promoted to the title of duke. Grosmont was also the author of the book Livre de seyntz medicines; a highly personal devotional treatise. He is remembered as one of the founders and early patrons of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge , which was established by two of the guilds of the town in 1352.

Family background and early life
Grosmont's uncle, Thomas of Lancaster , was the son and heir of Edward I 's brother Edmund Crouchback . Through his inheritance and a fortunate marriage, Thomas became the wealthiest peer in England, but constant quarrels with King Edward II led to his execution in 1322.[1] Having no heir, Thomas's possessions and titles went to his younger brother Henry - Grosmont's father. Earl Henry of Lancaster assented to the deposition of Edward II in 1327, but did not long stay in favour with the regency of Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer . When Edward III took personal control of the government in 1330, relations with the Crown got better, but by this time the older Henry was already struggling with poor health and blindness.[2]

Little is known of Grosmont's early years, but it seems clear that he was born at the castle of Grosmont in Monmouthshire , and that he was born c.1310, not around the turn of the century as previously held.[3] According to his own memoirs he was better at the martial arts than at academic subjects, and did not learn to read until later in life.[4] In 1330 he was knighted, and represented his father in parliament . The next year he is recorded as participating in a Royal tournament , at Cheapside .[3]

In 1333 he took part in Edward's Scottish campaign, though it is unclear whether he was present at the great English victory at the Battle of Halidon Hill .[5] After further service in the north , he was appointed the King's lieutenant in Scotland in 1336.[3] The next year he was one of the six men Edward III promoted to the higher levels of the peerage. One of his father's lesser titles, that of Earl of Derby , was bestowed upon Grosmont.[6]


Service in France
With the outbreak of the Hundred Years' War in 1337, Grosmont's attention was turned towards France . He took part in several diplomatic missions and minor campaigns, and was present at the great English victory in the naval battle of Sluys in 1340.[7] Later the same year, he was required to commit himself as hostage in the Low Countries for the king's considerable debts. He remained hostage until the next year, and had to pay a large ransom for his own release.[8] On his return he was made the king's lieutenant in the north, and stayed at Roxburgh until 1342. The next years he spent in diplomatic negotiations in the Low Countries, Castile and Avignon .[3]

In 1345 Edward III was planning a major assault on France. A three-pronged attack would have the Earl of Northampton attacking from Brittany , the King himself from Flanders , while Grosmont was dispatched to Aquitaine to prepare a campaign in the south.[3] Moving rapidly through the country he confronted the comte d'Isle at Auberoche on 21 October , and here achieved a victory described as 'the greatest single achievement of Lancaster's entire military career'.[9] The ransom from the prisoners has been estimated at £50,000.[10] The next year, while Edward was carrying out his Crécy campaign, Grosmont laid siege to, and captured, Poitiers , before returning home to England in 1347.[3]


Duke of Lancaster
In 1345, while Grosmont was in France, his father died. The younger Henry was now Earl of Lancaster - the wealthiest and most powerful peer of the realm. After participating in the siege of Calais in 1347, the king honoured Lancaster by including him as a founding knight of the Order of the Garter in 1348.[11] A few years later, in 1351, Edward bestowed an even greater honour on Lancaster, when he created him Duke of Lancaster . The title of duke was of relatively new origin in England; only one other ducal title existed prior.[b] In addition to this, Lancaster was given palatinate status for the county of Lancashire , which entailed a separate administration independent of the crown.[12] This grant was quite exceptional in English history; only two other counties palatine existed: Durham , which was an ancient ecclesiastical palatinate, and Chester , which was crown property. It is a sign of Edward's high regard for Lancaster that he would bestow such extensive privileges on him. The two men were also second cousins, through their great-grandfather Henry III , and practically coeval (Edward was born in 1312), so it is natural to assume that a strong sense of camaraderie existed between them. Another factor that might have influenced the king's decision was the fact that Henry had no male heir, so the grant was made for the Earl's lifetime only, and not intended to be hereditary.[3]

Further prestige
Lancaster spent the 1350s intermittently campaigning and negotiating peace treaties with the French. In 1350 he was present at the naval victory at Winchelsea , where he allegedly saved the lives of the Black Prince and John of Gaunt .[13] The years 1351-2 he spent on crusade in Prussia . It was here that a quarrel with Otto, Duke of Brunswick , almost led to a duel between the two men, narrowly averted by the intervention of the French King, Jean II .[14] In the later half of the decade campaigning in France resumed. After a chevauchée in Normandy in 1356 and the siege of Rennes in 1358, Lancaster participated in the last great offensive of the first phase of the Hundred Years' War: the Rheims campaign of 1359-60. Then he was appointed principal negotiator for the treaty of Brétigny , where the English achieved very favourable terms.[3]

Returning to England in November 1360 he fell ill early the next year, and died at Leicester Castle on 23 March . It is likely that the cause of death was the plague , which that year was making a second visitation of England.[15]

Private life
Lancaster was married to Isabella, daughter of Henry, Lord Beaumont , in 1330. The two had no sons, but two daughters: Maude and Blanche . While Maude was married to the Duke of Bavaria , Blanche married Edward III's younger son, John of Gaunt . Gaunt ended up inheriting Lancaster's possessions and ducal title, but it was not until 1377, when the dying King Edward III was largely incapacitated, that he was able to restore the palatinate rights for the county of Lancaster. When Gaunt's son Henry of Bolingbroke usurped the crown in 1399 and became Henry IV, the vast Lancaster inheritance was merged with the crown as the Duchy of Lancaster .[16]

We know more of Lancaster's character than of most of his contemporaries, through his memoirs the Livre de seyntz medicines (Book of the Holy Doctors). This book is a highly personal treatise on matters of religion and piety, but it also contains details of historical interest. It is, among other things, revealed that Lancaster, at the age of 44 when he wrote the book in 1354, suffered from gout .[3] The book is primarily a devotional work though; it is organized around seven wounds which Henry claims to have, representing the seven sins. Lancaster confesses to his sins, explains various real and mythical medical remedies in terms of their theological symbolism, and exhorts the reader to greater morality.[17]


Henry married Isabel de Beaumont,259 daughter of Henry Beaumont, 4th Earl of Buchan and Alice Comyn, in 1337.259 Isabel was born about 1320 and died in 1361 about age 41.

Research Notes: 10th child of Henry Beaumont and Alice Comyn.

279. Maud, of Lancaster 219 (Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester236, Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1310 and died about 1377 about age 67.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Maud Chaworth :

Maud of Lancaster, (about 1310-1345)There is some discrepancy as to when Maud died. Another possible date of her death is 1377[3]

married William de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster in 1327. They bore one child, Elizabeth de Burgh who was born 6 July 1332. Eleven months after the birth of their child, Earl William was murdered at "Le Ford" in Belfast, apparently by some of his own men. The countess Maud fled to England with her baby and stayed with the royal family. In 1337, Maud of Lancaster managed to ensure that the Justiciar of Ireland was forbidden to pardon her husband's killers. She fought for her dower rights and exerted some influence there. She remarried in 1344 to Ralph Ufford and returned to Ireland where she had another daughter, Maud. After her second husband fell ill in 1346, she again returned to England. Maud of Lancaster died on May 5, 1345/77.

280. Joan, of Lancaster 221 (Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester236, Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1312 and died on 7 Jul 1345 in Yorkshire, England about age 33. Another name for Joan was Joan Plantagenet.

Death Notes: Died of the plague

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Joan of Lancaster :

Joan of Lancaster (c. 1310 - 7 July 1345) is also called Joan Plantagenet after her family's name. She married John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray on 28 February 1326 or 1327, then died in Yorkshire , England, of the plague.[1]

-------
From Wikipedia - Maud Chaworth :
Joan of Lancaster , (about 1312-1345); married between February 28 and June 4, 1327 to John, Lord Mowbray . John's father was horribly executed for reasons unknown and young John was imprisoned in the Tower of London along with his mother Alice de Braose, until late 1326. A large part of his inheritance was granted to Hugh Despenser the Younger, who was his future wife's uncle; however he was set free in 1327 before the marriage. Joan of Lancaster probably died in her early thirties, sometime before August 1344.

281. Isabel, of Lancaster, Abess of Ambresbury (Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester236, Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1317 and died after 1347.

282. Eleanor, of Lancaster 222 (Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester236, Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1318 in England, died on 11 Jan 1372 in Arundel Castle, West Sussex, England about age 54, and was buried in Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England. Another name for Eleanor was Eleanor Plantagenet.

Research Notes: Second wife of Richard (FitzAlan) d'Arundel.

From Wikipedia - Eleanor of Lancaster :

Eleanor of Lancaster (sometimes called Eleanor Plantagenet 1) (about 1315 - 11 January 1372 ) was born as the fifth daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster (c. 1281-1345) and his wife Maud Chaworth (1282-1322).


First marriage and offspring
Sometime between September 1 and November 6 , 1330 , she married John de Beaumont, 2nd Lord Beaumont , son of Henry Beaumont, 4th Earl of Buchan (c. 1288 - 1340) and his wife Alice Comyn (c. 1291-1349). They had two children:
Henry Beaumont, 3rd Lord Beaumont , born 1340
Matilda Beaumont (died July 1467), married Hugh de Courtenay
Eleanor was a lady-in-waiting to Queen Philippa , and was in service to her in Ghent when her son Henry was born. John de Beaumont died in a tournament on 14 April 1342 .

Second marriage
On 5 February 1344 at Ditton Church , Stoke Poges , Buckinghamshire , she married Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel (9th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots), 4th Earl of Surrey, known by the soubriquet of "Copped Hat", Justiciar of North Wales, Governor of Carnarvon Castle, Admiral of the West.2

His previous marriage, to Isabel le Despenser , had taken place when they were children. It was annulled by Papal mandate as she, since her father's attainder and execution, had ceased to be of any importance to him. Pope Clement VI obligingly annulled the marriage, bastardized the issue, and provided a dispensation for his second marriage to the woman with whom he had been living in adultery (the dispensation, dated 4 March 1344 /1345 , was required because his first and second wives were first cousins).
The children of Eleanor's second marriage were:
Richard (1346-1397), who succeeded as Earl of Arundel
John Fitzalan (bef 1349-1379)
Thomas Arundel , Archbishop of York (c. 1345-February 19 , 1413 )
Joan Fitzalan (bef. 1351-April 17 , 1419 ), married Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford
Alice Fitzalan (1352 -March 17 , 1416 ), married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent (Thomas Holand)

Eleanor died at Arundel and was buried at Lewes Priory in Lewes , Sussex , England. Her husband was buried beside her; in his will Richard requests to be buried "near to the tomb of Eleanor de Lancaster, my wife; and I desire that my tomb be no higher than hers, that no men at arms, horses, hearse, or other pomp, be used at my funeral, but only five torches...as was about the corpse of my wife, be allowed."

Sources
Fowler, Kenneth. The King's Lieutenant, 1969
Nicolas, Nicholas Harris. Testamenta Vetusta, 1826.
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 17-30, 21-30, 28-33, 97-33, 114-31

Notes
1The surname "Plantagenet" has been retrospectively applied to the descendants of Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou and Empress Matilda without historical justification: it is simply a convenient, if deceptive, method of referring to people who had, in fact, no surname. The first descendant of Geoffrey to use the surname was Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (father of both Edward IV of England and Richard III of England ) who apparently assumed it about 1448.
2also called Richard de Arundel.

Eleanor married John de Beaumont, Earl of Buchan, 2nd Lord Beaumont,260 son of Henry Beaumont, 4th Earl of Buchan and Alice Comyn, on 6 Nov 1330.259 John was born in 1318 and died on 14 Apr 1342 at age 24.

Research Notes: First husband of Eleanor of Lancaster.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 17-30 (Eleanor of Lancaster). Has d. bet 24 Feb 1342 and 25 May 1342.

Source: Wikipedia - Eleanor of Lancaster has d. in a tournament on 14 Apr 1342.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 329 M    i. Henry Beaumont, 3rd Lord Beaumont was born in 1340.

+ 330 F    ii. Matilda Beaumont died in Jul 1467.

Eleanor next married Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne,208 son of Sir Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne, on 5 Feb 1345 in Ditton Church, Stokes Poges, Buckinghamshire, England. Richard was born about 1313, died on 24 Jan 1376 in Arundel, West Sussex, England about age 63, and was buried in Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England. Other names for Richard were Richard of Arundel, Sir Richard de Arundel, and Richard FitzAlan d'Arundel 9th Ear;l of Arundel.

Marriage Notes: Wikipedia

Research Notes: When John II de Warenne died without legal issue on 29 June 1347, Richard FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel, was the next heir in blood through his mother, Alice de Warenne, John's sister.
-----
From Wikipedia - Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel :

Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel (c. 1307 - January 24, 1376) was an English nobleman and military leader.

Fitzalan was the eldest son of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, and Alice Warenne. His maternal grandparents were William de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey and Joan de Vere. William was the only son of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey.

His birthdate is uncertain, but could not have been before 1307. Around 1321, FitzAlan's father allied with King Edward II's (also an ancestor) favorites, the Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester (also an ancestor) and his namesake son, and Richard was married to Isabel le Despenser, daughter of Hugh the Younger. Fortune turned against the Despenser party, and in 1326, FitzAlan's father was executed, and he did not succeed to his father's estates or titles.

However, political conditions had changed by 1330, and over the next few years Richard was gradually able to reacquire the Earldom of Arundel as well as the great estates his father had held in Sussex and in the Welsh Marches. Beyond this, in 1334 he was made justice of North Wales (later his term in this office was made for life), sheriff for life of Caernarvonshire, and governor of Caernarfon Castle.

His daughter Joan was the mother of Mary de Bohun who would marry King of England Henry IV.

Noted events in his life were:

• Earl of Arundel: 1331.

• Lord of Bromfield (Wrexham) and Yale: 30 Jun 1347. upon the death of his uncle, John II de Warenne.

• Inherited: castles of Caerleon (Holt) and Dinas Bran, 30 Jun 1347.

• Did homage: to Edward III, 24 Oct 1353. for Bromfield and Yale as immediately subject to the Crown.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 261)

283. Mary, of Lancaster 219 (Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester236, Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1320 and died on 1 Sep 1362 about age 42.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Maud Chaworth :

Mary of Lancaster, (about 1320-1362); married Henry, Lord Percy before September 4, 1334 who fought at the battle of Crecy in 1346, and served in Gascony under the command of his brother in law Henry of Grosmont. Their son was Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland . Mary of Lancaster died on 1 September 1362, the year after her brother Henry.

284. Philip Le Despenser, of Stoke, Gloucestershire 224 (Sir Hugh le Despenser, Baron Despenser237, Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1244 in <Gloucestershire, > England and died on 24 Sep 1313 about age 69.

Philip married Margaret de Goushill,128 daughter of Ralph de Gousille, of Goxhill, Lincolnshire and Hawise FitzWarine,. Margaret was born on 12 May 1294 in <Whittingdon>, Shropshire, England, was christened in Whittingdon, Shropshire, England, and died on 29 Jul 1349 at age 55.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 331 M    i. Philip Le Despenser, of Camoys Manor, Toppesfield, Essex was born on 6 Apr 1313 in Goxhill, Lincolnshire, England and died on 23 Aug 1349 at age 36.

285. Isabel le Despenser 225 (Sir Hugh le Despenser, Baron Despenser237, Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1312 and died in 1356 at age 44. Another name for Isabel was Isabel Despenser.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Isabel le Despenser, Countess of Arundel :

Isabel le Despenser (1312 - 1356) was the eldest daughter of Hugh the younger Despenser and Eleanor de Clare . Her father is famous for being the favorite of Edward II of England .

Early Life
After their father was executed for treason in 1326, Isabel and her youngest sister Elizabeth le Despenser were the only daughters of Hugh the Younger to escape being confined in nunneries, Isabel because she was already married and Elizabeth because of her youth.

Marriage and Annulment
On 9 February 1321 Isabel was married to Richard Fitzalan , the heir to the earldom of Arundel.
Richard and Isabel had one son, Edmund Fitzalan, born in 1327, and in 1331 Isabel's husband became earl of Arundel . However in December 1344 Richard Fitzalan had their marriage annulled on the grounds that he had never freely consented to marry Isabel. Isabel retired to several manors in Essex that were given to her by her ex-husband.

Richard and Isabel's only child, Edmund Fitzalan, was rendered illegitimate by this annulment and so was unable to inherit his father's earldom. When his father died in 1376 Edmund quarrelled with his half-siblings, the children of his father's second marriage, over inheritance rights. Edmund was imprisoned in the Tower of London until he was released in 1377 by request of his brothers-in-law.

Isabel married Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne,208 son of Sir Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne, on 9 Feb 1321. Marriage status: annulment in Dec 1344. Richard was born about 1313, died on 24 Jan 1376 in Arundel, West Sussex, England about age 63, and was buried in Lewes Priory, Lewes, Sussex, England. Other names for Richard were Richard of Arundel, Sir Richard de Arundel, and Richard FitzAlan d'Arundel 9th Ear;l of Arundel.

Research Notes: When John II de Warenne died without legal issue on 29 June 1347, Richard FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel, was the next heir in blood through his mother, Alice de Warenne, John's sister.
-----
From Wikipedia - Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel :

Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel (c. 1307 - January 24, 1376) was an English nobleman and military leader.

Fitzalan was the eldest son of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, and Alice Warenne. His maternal grandparents were William de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey and Joan de Vere. William was the only son of John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey.

His birthdate is uncertain, but could not have been before 1307. Around 1321, FitzAlan's father allied with King Edward II's (also an ancestor) favorites, the Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester (also an ancestor) and his namesake son, and Richard was married to Isabel le Despenser, daughter of Hugh the Younger. Fortune turned against the Despenser party, and in 1326, FitzAlan's father was executed, and he did not succeed to his father's estates or titles.

However, political conditions had changed by 1330, and over the next few years Richard was gradually able to reacquire the Earldom of Arundel as well as the great estates his father had held in Sussex and in the Welsh Marches. Beyond this, in 1334 he was made justice of North Wales (later his term in this office was made for life), sheriff for life of Caernarvonshire, and governor of Caernarfon Castle.

His daughter Joan was the mother of Mary de Bohun who would marry King of England Henry IV.

Noted events in his life were:

• Earl of Arundel: 1331.

• Lord of Bromfield (Wrexham) and Yale: 30 Jun 1347. upon the death of his uncle, John II de Warenne.

• Inherited: castles of Caerleon (Holt) and Dinas Bran, 30 Jun 1347.

• Did homage: to Edward III, 24 Oct 1353. for Bromfield and Yale as immediately subject to the Crown.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 261)

286. Maud de Beauchamp 133 (Thomas de Beauchamp239, Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick203, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1335 in <Warwick, Warwickshire>, England and died in Jan 1403 about age 68.

Maud married Baron Roger de Clifford, Lord of Appleby and Cumberland,232 son of Robert II de Clifford and Isabel Berkeley, about 1356 in Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England. Roger was born on 10 Jul 1333 in <Cumberland>, England, died on 13 Jul 1390 in Brough Castle, Under Stainmoor Brough, Westmorland, England at age 57, and was buried in Shap Abbey, Westmorland, England.

Research Notes: 5th Baron de Clifford

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I58877

OCCUPATION: Lord Clifford, Sheriff of Cumberland, Governor of Carlisle Castle, 1377Roger d e Clifford, Lord of Westmoreland, m. Maud, dau. of Thomas Beauchamp, 3rd Earl of Warwick, an d d. 13 July, 1390, having had, with four daus., three sons, Thomas, his heir, William, and L ewis. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage , Ltd., London, 1883, p. 122, Clifford, Earls of Cumberland and Barons Clifford

Also Wikipedia "Baron de Clifford"


The child from this marriage was:

+ 332 M    i. Baron Thomas de Clifford 261 was born in 1363 in Brough Castle, Under Stainmoor Brough, Westmorland, England and died on 18 Aug 1391 in Clifford Castle, Clifford, Hereford, England at age 28.

287. Isabel Beauchamp 227 (Sir John de Beauchamp, Baron Kidderminster, Justice of North Wales240, Richard Beauchamp204, John De Beauchamp169, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1360 in Holt, Worcestershire, England.

Isabel married Sir Thomas Penyston,262 son of Sir George Penyston and Margaret Harpenden,. Thomas was born in 1360 in Buckinghamshire, England. Another name for Thomas was Sir Thomas Peniston.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 333 M    i. Sir John Penyston 227 was born about 1385 in <Chesham Bois>, Buckinghamshire, England and died about 1390 in England about age 5.

288. Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire 229 (Eleanor de Ferrers241, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton205, Agnes de Ferrers170, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Lathom (Latham), Ormskirk, Lancashire, England and died before 20 Mar 1382 in Lancashire, England. Other names for Thomas were Sir Thomas Latham Lord of Latham, Thomas de Leatham of Leatham and Lancashire.

Research Notes: Source: The Baronetage of England by E. Kimber and R. Johnson, London, 1771, vol. 2 (courtesy of books.google.com), p. 206 has "Thomas de Leatham, Knt. (lord of Leatham in Lancashire)"
---
From http://cybergata.com/roots/494.htm :
~ George Ormerod's The History of County Palatine and City of Chester, Vol III, pg. 199 713

~Abstracts of Inquisitions post Mortem , p. 20, the mother of his children was Isabella, daughter of Roger de Pilkington by his first wife. Children of Sir Thomas and Isabella were Thomas de Lathom who married Isabella, daughter of Roger de Pilkington, sometimes called Mabella, and their daughter was Ellena; Edward, married Ellen, daughter of John le Boteler of Merton, and Edwared died without issue before 1377; Isabella, wife of Sir John Stanley, from whom descend the Earls of Derby; Margaret, wife of Nicholas harrington, from whom eht Harringtons of Hayton descend; and Katherine.]
• Background Information. 351
Sir Thomas de Lathom apparently married twice. One of his wives was Johanna, daughter of Sir Hugh Venables, baron of Kinderton. They had two children, Isabel and Thomas. His widow, Joane, married Roger de Fazackerley after Sir Thomas died.

~The Courcher Book, Or Chartulary, of Whalley Abbey, Vol. II, p. 552-553
• Background Information. 863
Sir Thomas de Lathom of Lathom, Knight, son and heir, made settlement of Lathom, 49 Edward III, and died 6 Richard III (1382). From the Inquisition of 1383, it appears that he married Isabel, daughter of Roger de Pilkington; and from a later Inquisition of 6 and 8 March 1385, it appears that he married a second wife, Jane, daughter of Hugh Venables of Kinderton. The same Inquisition states that Sir Thomas was imbecile for three months before his death, on which event his widow Jane, then enceinte, sent his body for burial at Buscough Priory, without priest or other attendance and married her previous paramour, Roger Fazackerley, in conjuction with whom she claime dower on Wrightington, which was put to award in 7 Richard II.

The issue of Sir Thomas were Thomas, son and heir, Edward and Isabella, afterwards Lady Stanley, despite the Pedigrees of Herald's College which gives their mother's name as Jane Venables, most likely the children by Isabella de Pilkington.

~Parentalia, Genealogical Memoirs, p. 68-69
• Background Information. 599
Sir Thomas de Lathom, Knight, married Joan Venables, daughter of Sir Hugh III Venables, of Kinderton, Cheshire, by his second wife, Katherine. They had two sons, Thomas and Edward, as well as three (Richardson says three daughters, yet lists four) daughters, Margaret, Isabel, Cecily and Katherine.

~Richardson's Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 677

Thomas married Johanna Venables,263 daughter of Sir Hugh de Venables, 10th Baron of Kinderton and Katherine Houghton,. Johanna was born about 1330 in Kinderton, Cheshire, England. Another name for Johanna was Joane Venables.

Research Notes: From http://cybergata.com/roots/495.htm :
Sir Thomas de Lathom, Knt., Lancaster, died before 20 Mar 1381/82, married Johanna, daughter of Hugh Venables, Caron of Kinderton, and sister of Hugh Venables, Sheriff of Cheshire.
~Weis' Ancestral Roots . . ., 8th Edition, 57:33

Joane de Venables wife of Thomas Lathom, lord of Lathom, Lancashire, and mother of Isabell, wife of Sir John de Stanley of Lathom.

~George Ormerod's The History of County Palatine and City of Chester, Vol III, pg. 199


The child from this marriage was:

+ 334 F    i. Isabella de Lathom 264 was born about 1364 and died on 26 Oct 1414 about age 50.

289. Margaret de Lathom 230 (Eleanor de Ferrers241, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton205, Agnes de Ferrers170, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1340 in Lathom, Ormskirk, Lancashire, England.

290. Baron Roger de Clifford, Lord of Appleby and Cumberland 232 (Isabel Berkeley242, Maurice de Berkeley207, Joan de Ferrers172, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 10 Jul 1333 in <Cumberland>, England, died on 13 Jul 1390 in Brough Castle, Under Stainmoor Brough, Westmorland, England at age 57, and was buried in Shap Abbey, Westmorland, England.

Research Notes: 5th Baron de Clifford

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I58877

OCCUPATION: Lord Clifford, Sheriff of Cumberland, Governor of Carlisle Castle, 1377Roger d e Clifford, Lord of Westmoreland, m. Maud, dau. of Thomas Beauchamp, 3rd Earl of Warwick, an d d. 13 July, 1390, having had, with four daus., three sons, Thomas, his heir, William, and L ewis. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage , Ltd., London, 1883, p. 122, Clifford, Earls of Cumberland and Barons Clifford

Also Wikipedia "Baron de Clifford"

Roger married Maud de Beauchamp,133 daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp and Unknown, about 1356 in Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England. Maud was born about 1335 in <Warwick, Warwickshire>, England and died in Jan 1403 about age 68.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 286)

291. Joan Beauchamp 162 (John de Beauchamp243, Cecilia de Vivonne208, Matilda de Ferrers173, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1310 in <Hatch, Somersetshire>, England, died after 1343, and was buried in Stoke, Kent, England.

Joan married John de Cobham,128 son of Henry de Cobham and Maude de Moreville, about 1308 in Stoke-sub-Hamdon, Somersetshire, England. John was born about 1283 in <Cobham>, Kent, England, died on 25 Feb 1355 about age 72, and was buried on 25 Feb 1355 in Cobham, Kent, England.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 335 F    i. Joan de Cobham 128 was born about 1316 in <Cobham>, Kent, England and died before 13 May 1357.

+ 336 M    ii. John de Cobham 265 was born about 1321 in <Cobham, Kent>, England, died on 10 Jan 1407 in Cobham, Kent, England about age 86, and was buried in Grey Friars, London, Middlesex, England.

292. Margaret Eleanor Bardolf 128 (Thomas Bardolf244, Isabel Aguillon209, Joan de Ferrers174, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1308 in Hertfordshire, England and died before 28 Feb 1345 in England.

Margaret married Adam Welles 128 about 1337 in Wormegay, Norfolk, England. Adam was born on 22 Jul 1304 in <Cockington>, Devonshire, England and died on 24 Feb 1345 in England at age 40.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 337 F    i. Margaret Welles 128 was born about 1336 in England.

293. Henry de Greene 234 (Lucy de La Zouche246, Millicent de Cantelou210, Eve de Braose, of Abergavenny177, William de Braose, , 6th Lord de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny147, Reynold de Braose126, William de Braose, 5th Lord de Braose99, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1310 in Norton, Northamptonshire, England and died in 1370 in Norton, Northamptonshire, England at age 60. Another name for Henry was Henry De Greene.

Henry married Catherine de Drayton,234 daughter of Sir John de Drayton and Philippa de Arderne,. Catherine was born in 1313 in Broughton, Buckinghamshire, England and died in 1369 in Broughton, Buckinghamshire, England at age 56. Another name for Catherine was Catherine De Drayton.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 338 M    i. Thomas de Greene 234 was born in 1343 in Towcester, Northamptonshire, England and died on 29 Aug 1391 in Norton, Northamptonshire, England at age 48.

294. John Spencer 235 (Sir William Spencer248, John le Despencer215, Emma de Harcourt184, Richard de Harcourt151, Robert de Harcourt, of Stanton-Harcourt, Oxfordshire128, Avelina Agnes de Braose100, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1300 in Defford, Worcestershire, England and died in 1386 in Defford, Worcestershire, England at age 86.

John married Alice Deverell, daughter of Giles Deverell and Unknown, in 1339 in Defford, Worcestershire, England. Alice was born in 1305 in Defford, Worcestershire, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 339 M    i. Nicholas Spencer 266 was born in 1340 in Defford, Worcestershire, England and died in 1425 at age 85.

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295. John Hên Puleston, of Hafod-y-Wern, Constable of Caernarfon Castle 237 (Alswn Fychan ferch Hywel ap Ieuan, of Havod y Wern, Bersham, Co. Denbigh249, Alswn ferch Hywel ap Gronwy, of Hafod-y-Wern216, Hywel ap Gronwy ap Ieuan, of Hafod-y-Wern185, Gronwy ap Ieuan, of Havod y Wern152, Ieuan ap Gronwy, of Hafod-y-Wern129, Gronwy ap Hwfa, of Hafod-y-Wern101, Hwfa ap Iorwerth, of Hafod-y-Wern82, Iorwerth Vychan ap Ieuaf, of Llwynon, co. Denbig59, Ieuaf ap Ninniau47, Ninniau ap Cynric34, Cynric ap Rhywallon27, Rhywallon ap Dyngad22, Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor15, Angharad ferch Hywel Dda11, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1462 in Hafod-y-Wern, Berse (Bersham), (Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales and died about 1544 about age 82. Other names for John were John Puleston of Bers, and Havod, y Wern, High Sheriff of Carnar, John "Hen" Puleston of Hafod-y-Wern, Constable of Caernarfon Castle, John "the Elder" Puleston of Hafod-y-Wern, and Constable of Caernarfon Castle.

Birth Notes: Sources differ in approximate birthdate. Some have abt 1449, others abt 1462, etc. This source: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=youngwolf&id=I778 has abt 1462. If his father died about 1461, however, a birth date of 1462 seems questionable.

Death Notes: Per Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry d. abt 1544. Another source says aft. 1519. The earlier year (1519) may have been his father.

Research Notes: From The Dictionary of Welsh Biography Online - http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-PULE-EST-1283.html :

Before the middle of the 15th cent. a branch of the family had settled at Berse, near Wrexham, and by the end of that century Hafod-y-wern, in the same area, had come into possession of the Pulestons through the marriage of JOHN PULESTON of Plas-y-mers, a grandson of the Robert and Lowry, previously mentioned, and Alswn, daughter and heiress of Hywel ap Ieuan ap Gruffydd of Hafod-y-wern.

JOHN PULESTON ('HEN'), of Hafod-y-wern, the eldest son of this John Puleston, fought at Bosworth, and for his services on that occasion received a grant for life from Henry VII of an annuity of twenty marks out of the tithes of the lordship of Denbigh (6th Report Royal Commission on Historical MSS., 421), and was appointed a gentleman usher of the king's chamber. In 1502 he was made deputy-lieutenant to the chief steward of Bromfield and Yale (ibid.), and seven years later, in 1509, Henry VIII granted him the receivership of the town of Ruthin and the lordship of Dyffryn Clwyd (Cal. L. & P. Henry VIII, i, 1, 67), and in 1519 that of the lordship of Denbigh and Denbighland (ibid., iii, 1, 146). Like his kinsman, Sir Roger Puleston, he served in the French campaign of 1513, as also did his two sons, both named John, the one by his first, and the other by his second marriage.

JOHN PULESTON, of Hafod-y-wern ('John Puleston of Tir Môn,' as he is sometimes described), son of John Puleston ('Hen') by his second wife, Alice, daughter of Hugh Lewis of Presaddfed, was sheriff of Denbighshire, 1543-4. During the latter years of Elizabeth I, two of these Pulestons were presented for recusancy at the Denbighshire Great Sessions: EDWARD PULESTON, of Hafod-y-wern, in 1585, 1588, and 1592, and Anne, wife of JOHN PULESTON, of Berse, in 1587. The last of the Hafod-y-wern family was Frances, daughter of PHILIP PULESTON (d. 1776); she m., in 1786, Bryan Cooke, of Ouston, Yorks (see Davies-Cooke, Gwysaney ).

-------------
Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. II (London, 1882), p. 138, lists as wives of John Puleston "of Havod y Wern and Bers" (from Cae Cyriog M.S.; Lewys Dwnn, vol ii):
1 Elen, d. of Robert Whitney ab Sir Robert Whitney, Knt.
2 Alice, d. of Hugh Lewis of Persaddfed in Tir Mon ab Llywelyn ab Hwlcyn.

Source: The Seize Quartiers of the Family of Bryan Cooke, Esq. of Owston, Hafod-y-Wern, and Gwysaney, and of Frances his Wife, Daughter and Heir of Philip Puleston, Esq. of Hafod-y-Wern, by Mary his Wife, Sister and Coheir of John Davies, Esq. of Gwysaney and Llanerch, London, 1857, has "John Puleston of Hafod-y-Wern, Esq., High-Sheriff of the County of Denbigh, A.D. 1544..." If this is so, he died after 1544.

From the book Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 58:

"[Sir William Griffith] married, secondly (marriage settlement 2 August, 1522), Jane, widow of Robert Meredith and daughter of John Puleston, of Bers, and Havod y Wern, Caernarvonshire, constable of Caernarvon Castle, 16 April, 1506, 30 July, 1509, 1 October, 1423 [1523], Chamberlain of North Wales, High Sheriff of Caernarvonshire, 1544; died about this date."

Source: The Cambrian Quarterly Magazine and Celtic Repertory, Vol. II., (London, 1830), p.171, "[Sir Roger Puleston's] descendant, John Puleston Hen, (senior,) chamberlain of North Wales, was more popular, and a great favorite with the bards: one of them must have flattered him by saying, in his complimentary ode: "Di waed sais ydyw Sion," John has not a drop of Saxon blood in him."

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. IV, London, 1884, p. 342.
"Argent, on a band sable, three mullets of the field."

The book Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912, p. 286, calls him "lord of Caernarvan Castle," but that appears to be in error.

Source: History of the Town of Wrexham, Its Houses, Streets, Fields, and Old Families by Alfred Neobard Palmer (Wrexham, 1893), pp. 137-138:
"It is true that in the Puleston pedigree at Gwysaney, compiled in 1665, John Puleston, the grandson of Madoc Puleston, is described as of Hafod y wern, but I have almost invariably found this John Puleston's son (also called John Puleston), described as of Tir Môn, and his grandson, Piers Puleston, as of Burras. There is no doubt, however, that Piers Puleston's son and successor, John Puleston, not merely owned Hafod y wern, but lived there. And as to John Puleston Tir Môn himself, he is described in the marriage settlement, dated October 31st, 1541/2, of his daughter Jane, as 'John Puleston, the elder, esquire, of Wrexham.'..."

---
From Welsh Biography Online (
"[The death of William Griffith in 1540] precipitated a long dispute between RHYS GRIFFITH his younger brother, who claimed the estates as heir male, and John Puleston, Edward Griffith's father-in-law, acting for his daughter and her three children (Jane, Catherine, and Ellen). Puleston asked Cromwell for the wardship of the children, and offered him £40 for his good offices; Rhys Griffith complained that during his absence in Ireland 'on the king's service,' his sister-in-law and her father had ransacked Penrhyn, leaving 'nothing but the bare walls.' The lord chancellor and the master of the court of wards made an arbitration in 1542, but the problems involved were still unsettled in 1559. Even after the death of Rhys Griffith in 1580, Sir Edward Bagnall, who had m. one of Edward Griffith's daughters, was still pursuing his wife's claims in the court of wards. (Penrhyn MSS. 50, 2197; N.L.W. Jnl., iii, 40; Lewis , Early Chancery Procs., 21, 22, 288, 290; Lewis and Davies, Augmentation Recs., 51; L. and P. Henry VIII, v, no. 724 (10), xv, 433, 661, xvii, 466, xix 812 (16), Addenda, i, part ii, 1462; Cal. Pat. Rolls, Edward VI, iv, 36; Acts Privy Council, 1580-1, 289; P.R.O., Court of Requests Procs., bundle iv, no. 258; bundle vi, no 210.)"

John married Eleanor Whitney,267 daughter of Sir Robert Whitney and Constance Touchet,. Eleanor was born about 1467 in Whitney, Herefordshire, England. Other names for Eleanor were Elen Whitney, Elin Whitney, and Ellen Whitney.

Research Notes: First wife of John Hên Puleston.

The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd, Vol. II, p. 138, lists as wives of John Puleston "of Havod y Wern and Bers" (from Cae Cyriog M.S.; Lewys Dwnn, vol ii):
1 Elen, d. of Robert Whitney ab Sir Robert Whitney, Knt.
2 Alice, d. of Hugh Lewis of Persaddfed in Tir Mon ab Llywelyn ab Hwlcyn.

Mother probably Constance Touchet, but also sometimes listed as daughter of his first wife, Alice Vaughan, according to Robert L. Ward and the Whitney Research Group 2006. Has birthplace as Whitney, Herefordshire and has husband as Thomas Vaughan of Bredwardine.

According to www.whitneygen.org/archives/biography/rmnixon.html, President Richard Milhous Nixon was a descendant of John Puleston (1485-1523) and Eleanor Whitney (1467-).

From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 58:

"The wife of John Puleston was descended from Edward III, King of England."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 340 F    i. Jane Puleston, of Bers and Hafod y Wern 268 was born about 1479 in Bersham, (Denbighshire), Wales.

+ 341 M    ii. Sir John Puleston, of Bers, Chamberlain of North Wales 269 was born about 1483 in Hafod-y-Wern, Bersham, (Wrexham) Denbighshire, Wales and died in 1551 in Bersham, Denbighshire (Wrexham), Wales about age 68.

+ 342 M    iii. Hugh Puleston, Vicar of Wrexham was born in Hafod-y-Wern, Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire, Wales.

+ 343 M    iv. Richard Puleston .

+ 344 M    v. Lancelot Puleston was born in Hafod-y-Wern, Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire, Wales.

John next married Alice Lewis, of Persaddfed in Tir Môn, daughter of Hugh Lewis ap Llywelyn ap Hwlcyn, of Persaddfed in Tir Môn and Jonet Bulkeley,. Alice was born about 1450 in Presaddfed, Bodedern, Anglesey, Wales and died in 1480 about age 30. Other names for Alice were Alice verch Hugh Lewis of Persaddfed in Tir Môn and Alice verch Huw Lewis.

Research Notes: Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. II (London, 1882), p. 138, lists as wives of John Puleston "of Havod y Wern and Bers" (from Cae Cyriog M.S.; Lewys Dwnn, vol ii):
1 Elen, d. of Robert Whitney ab Sir robert Whitney, Knt.
2 Alice, d. of Hugh Lewis of Persaddfed in Tir Môn ab Llywelyn ab Hwlcyn.

Dates from RootsWeb World Connect (Linda Neely)


Children from this marriage were:

+ 345 M    i. Sir John Puleston, of Tir Môn and Havod y Wern 270 was born about 1480 in Hafod-y-Wern, Bersham, Wrexham, Denbighshire, Wales and died in 1551 about age 71.

+ 346 M    ii. Robert Puleston, Vicar of Gresford

296. Ievan ap David Goch, Lord of Grainianoc and Penllech (David Goch ap, Lord of Penllech251, Trahairn Goch ap, Lord of Llyn, Grainianoc and Penllech218, Madoc ap187, Rhys-Gloff, Lord of Cymcydmaen154, Rhys-Vaughn, Lord of Yestradtywy132, Rhys-Mechyllt, of Llandovery Castle106, Rhys Gwyg ap, Lord of Yestradtywy87, Rhys ap, Justice of South Wales61, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Welsh Settlement of Pensylvania by Charles H. Browning (Philadelphia, 1912), p. 282

Ievan married someone.

His child was:

+ 347 M    i. Madoc ap Ievan ap David Goch, Lord of Grainianoc .

297. KingHenry VII, of England 239 (Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond252, Sir Owen Meredith Tudor219, Maredudd ap Tudur188, Tudur ap Goronwy155, Goronwy ap Tudur Hen, Lord of Penmynydd133, Tudur Hen ap Goronwy107, Goronwy ap Ednyfed Vychan, Lord of Tref-Gastell in Anglesea88, Gwenllian verch Griffith ap Rhys62, Gruffudd ap, Prince of South Wales48, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 28 Jan 1457 in Pembroke Castle, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales, died on 21 Apr 1509 in Richmond Palace at age 52, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, London, Midlesex, England. Other names for Henry were King Henry Tudor VII, Harri Tudur VII and King of Englnd.

Death Notes: Died of tuberculosis.

Henry married Elizabeth, of York 271 on 18 Jan 1486. Elizabeth was born on 11 Feb 1466 in Palace of Westminster, died on 11 Feb 1503 in Tower of London, London, Middlesex, England at age 37, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, London, Midlesex, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 348 M    i. KingHenry VIII, of England 272 was born on 28 Jun 1491 in Greenwich, London, Middlesex, England and died on 28 Jan 1547 in Whitehall, London, Middlesex, England at age 55.

298. Elizabeth Tiptoft 128 (Robert Tiptoft253, Margery de Badlesmere220, Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1370 in <Nettlestead, Suffolk>, England, died on 20 Apr 1478 about age 108, and was buried in Grey Friars, Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

Elizabeth married Philip Despenser, of Nettlestead, Suffolk,224 son of Philip Le Despenser, of Gedney, Lincolnshire and Elizabeth,. Philip was born about 1366 and died on 20 Jun 1424 about age 58.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 349 F    i. Margaret Despenser, of Nettlestead, Suffolk 224 was born in 1397 and died on 20 Apr 1478 at age 81.

299. Mary de Bohun (Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, Earl of Essex & Northampton254, Elizabeth de Badlesmere221, Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1)

300. Eleanor de Bohun (Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, Earl of Essex & Northampton254, Elizabeth de Badlesmere221, Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1399.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 97-34

301. Alice FitzAlan 242 (Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel255, Elizabeth de Badlesmere221, Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1374 and died before 1415.

Research Notes: From the book Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 51:

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth:...
3. Alice married John de Charlton prior 1392; died before 1415, S. P."

---------------
From Ancestral Roots, Line 234-31 :
"Henry Beaufort, Bishop of Lincoln, Bishop of Winchester, Cardinal of St. Eusebius,... in his youth had an affair with Lady Alice Fitz Alan, b. abt. 1373/5, d.s.p. legit. bef the death of her bro., Thomas Fitz Alan in 1415, dau. of Sir Richard Fitz Alan. (60-32, 20-31). Alice m. by Mar. 1392, John Cherleton, 4th Lord Cherleton, feudal Lord of Powis, d.s.p. 1401."

Alice married John Cherleton, 4th Lord Cherleton 273 by Mar 1392. John died in 1401. Another name for John was John de Charlton Lord Cherleton.

Death Notes: d.s.p. according to Ancestral Roots.

Noted events in his life were:

• Feudal lord of Powis:

The child from this marriage was:

+ 350 M    i. Sir Edward Cherleton, K.G., Lord of Cherleton 274 was born about 1371 and died 14 Mar 1420 or 1421 about age 49.

302. Joane FitzAlan 243 (Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel255, Elizabeth de Badlesmere221, Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1375 and died on 14 Nov 1453 at age 78. Another name for Joane was Joan FitzAlan.

Death Notes: Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_FitzAlan%2C_11th_Earl_of_Arundel has death date 14 Nov 1453. Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, has 14 Nov 1435. Which is right?

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 50:

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth:...
6. Joane, married before 1392, William Beauchamp of Abergavenny. She died 14 Nov. 1435..."
-------

From Archæologia Cambrensis, Vol. VII, 6th Series, 1907, pp. 16-17:

"...As Thomas Earl of Arundel died without heirs male surviving, his estates were divided, subject to the aforesaid dower, among his three sisters, or among their children or grandchildren in right of them. These sisters were Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; Joan, wife of William Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny; and Margaret, wife of Sir Roland Lenthall, knight, all of whom were still living on the 20th July, 1416. The inheritors of the three portions after the death of the Countess Beatrix [25 October 1447] were (1) John Mowbray, son of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; (2) Elizabeth, wife of Sir Edward Neville, and daughter of Richard, Earl of Worcester, who was the son of Joan, Lady Abergavenny; and (3) Edmund, son of Sir Roland and Margaret Lenthall."

Joane married William Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny 275 before 1392. William was born about 1343 and died on 8 May 1411 about age 68.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - William Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny :

William Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny , K.G. (b.circa 1343 - 8 May 1411 ) was an English Peer.

The son of Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick , he was created 1st Baron Bergavenny on 23rd July 1392. This was the second creation of the title.

Marriage and heirs
He married Joan FitzAlan , daughter of Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel , and they had the following children:
Richard Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester , 2nd Baron Bergavenny (b.bef. 1397-1421/22)
Joan Beauchamp, married to James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormonde

Noted events in his life were:

• Created: Baron Bergavenny, 23 Jul 1392.

• Lord Abergavenny:

303. Elizabeth FitzAlan, d'Arundelle 244 (Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel255, Elizabeth de Badlesmere221, Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 8 Jul 1379 in Derbyshire, England and died on 8 Jul 1425 in Hoveringham, England at age 46. Another name for Elizabeth was Elizabeth D'Arundelle FitzAlan.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. 8 Jul 1379.

Wikipedia or some other source has abt 1366 in Derbyshire, England.

Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, Edited by Thomas Allen Glenn at the request of Howard Reifsnyder, privately printed, Philadelphia, 1902, provided by http://books.google.com, p. 51 has b. 1376.

Research Notes: 4rh wife of Sir Robert Goushill

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), Line 20-32

See also Wikipedia (Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan)

From the book Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 51-52:

"IV. LADY ELIZABETH FITZ ALAN, was born 1376, and died 8 Jul 1425. She married, first, before 1 December 1378, William de Montacute, son of William Earl of Salisbury, who died 6 August, 1383. She married, secondly, 1386, as his second wife, Thomas K. G. 7th Lord Mowbray Earl Marshall of England, 1st duke of Norfolk, and Earl of Nottingham, who died 22 September, 1399. She married, thirdly on or before the 1 September, 1401, Sir Robert Goushill, Knight, of Haveringham in the county of Nottingham, and Lord of Hault Hucknall Manor in Berbyshire. He had been Esquire to the duke of Norfolk her former husband. She married, fourthly, Sir Gerard Ufflete, Knight, of Wigmore, Yorkshire, but retained the title of Dowager Duchess of Norfolk until her death. The following letter written by her in 1421-2 is extant. The William Troutbeck there referred to was the grandfather of the William Troutbeck mentioned later.

"The letter is as follows:
'The Duchuse of Norff.

'Right dere and well beloved, we grete you well, and alsmycull as we have given under oure great seale of armes, unto oure servante Norman Babyngton, and Margaret his wife, and unto the heires of Norman, the third part of the manoirs of Staune Dunham and Troughford, with the app' tenuz, of which, William Troutbeck holds of us the third part t' me of his life yielding to us yerely a certayne rent, as the said William Troutbeck can declare you more pleyneley, we pray you with all oure hert, that ye make fine to be rered before you of the third part of the ad manoirs, and also of the third part of the ferme, the which the ad Troutbeck yeilds to us and oure sisters, unto the heres of Norman, and with warrantie, writen under oure greate seale at Annesley, xx May (1421-1422).

'To oure dere and right well beloved Peirs of Poole, Justice of Chester.'

"Seal of arms two and a half inches in diameter, bearing arms of England, with a label of three points impaling a shield blazoned, quarterly, 1st and 4th, checquey, 2nd and 3d, a lion rampant, Circumscriberd: 'x Sigillum d'ni Elizabeth ... Norforthie : comitisse : marchli : .. redby : de Knapp .. (Hist. Ches. Ormerod.)

"By her 3d husband, Sir Robert Goushill, Knight:
Joan Goushill, d. and heiress, of whom presently."

-----------
From "GOUSHILL FITZ-ALAN TOMB AT HOVERINGHAM
" (http://sites.google.com/site/goushilltomb/goushill-tomb/) :

ELIZABETH FITZ-ALAN: Elizabeth was the eldest daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan the 11th Earl of Arundel and his wife Elizabeth de Bohun. Both the Fitz-Alan and Bohun family lines were among the highest in the peerage of medieval England. Elizabeth Fitz-Alan had a double line of direct descent from the Plantagenet Kings of England. Through her mother's Bohun line she was a direct descendant of King Edward I and Eleanor of Castile, and through her Fitz-Alan ancestry a direct descendant of King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence. She was also related by cousinship to both King Henry IV and to his first wife Mary Bohun. Elizabeth was born before 1372, (in 1415 she was given as aged 40 or more), and a best estimate would be closer to 1367. By December of 1378 she would be married to her first husband William de Montagu, son of the Earl of Salisbury. This marriage for Elizabeth would certainly have been in her childhood. William de Montagu was killed in a tilting match at Windsor in 1382. Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would marry as her 2nd husband Thomas Mowbray, the Earl of Nottingham and later the Duke of Norfolk, in July of 1384. This marriage would last for 15 years until Thomas Mowbray's death in Venice on September 22, 1399. Elizabeth would have 2 sons and 2 daughters during her marriage with Thomas Mowbray. The sons were Thomas Mowbray 1385-1405 and John Mowbray 1390-1432, (both of these sons would assume the title Earl of Nottingham), the 2 daughters were Margaret who married Sir Robert Howard, and Isabel who married Henry Ferrers. In 1397 Thomas Mowbray was among those who accused and condemed Elizabeth's father Richard Fitz-Alan, the Earl of Arundel. Richard Fitz-Alan was found guilty of treason and be-headed at Cheapside on September 21, 1397. One apocryphal rumor even had Thomas Mowbray as the actual executioner of his father-in-law Richard Fitz-Alan. The now twice widowed Duchess of Norfolk would next marry Sir Robert Goushill as previously discussed in length. After the death of Sir Robert Goushill at Shrewsbury in 1403, she would marry Sir Gerald Usflete of Yorkshire as her fourth husband before April 18, 1411. Sir Gerald Usflete was the steward of the Duchy of Lancaster in Lincolnshire. Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would become a co-heiress of her brother Thomas, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, in 1415. (Thomas had died sans progeny on October 13, 1415, and his sisters had become his heirs). Sir Gerald Usflete died by Feb. 1420/21, having written his will on September 13, 1420. No children were born to Elizabeth Fitz-Alan and Gerald Usflete.

Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would live on after the death of her fourth husband Gerald Usflete until her own death on July 8, 1425. It is believed that she returned to Hoveringham in her final years. Born in the reign of King Edward III, she would live through the reigns of Richard II, Henry IV, Henry V, and into the reign of Henry VI. Through blood and marriage, Elizabeth Fitz-Alan would be closely touched by nearly all of the events in this period of turbulence, violence, and political turmoil in English history.

-----------

From Archæologia Cambrensis, Vol. VII, 6th Series, 1907, pp. 16-17:

"...As Thomas Earl of Arundel died without heirs male surviving, his estates were divided, subject to the aforesaid dower, among his three sisters, or among their children or grandchildren in right of them. These sisters were Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; Joan, wife of William Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny; and Margaret, wife of Sir Roland Lenthall, knight, all of whom were still living on the 20th July, 1416. The inheritors of the three portions after the death of the Countess Beatrix [25 October 1447] were (1) John Mowbray, son of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; (2) Elizabeth, wife of Sir Edward Neville, and daughter of Richard, Earl of Worcester, who was the son of Joan, Lady Abergavenny; and (3) Edmund, son of Sir Roland and Margaret Lenthall."


Noted events in her life were:

• Granted: the remaining goods of the late Duke of Norfolk by King Henry IV, 23 Feb 1400.

Elizabeth married Sir William de Montacute,276 son of William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury and Unknown,. William was born about 1360 and died on 6 Aug 1383 about age 23. Another name for William was John Montague.

Death Notes: Killed in a tournament (per Wikipedia)

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 51 :

"IV. LADY ELIZABETH FITZ ALAN, was born 1376, and died 8 Jul 1425. She married, first, before 1 December 1378, William de Montacute, son of William Earl of Salisbury, who died 6 August, 1383. "
---------
From Wikipedia - William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury (this William's father) :

"In 1392 , [the 2nd Earl] sold the Lordship of the Isle of Man to William le Scrope of Bolton. He married Elizabeth, daughter of John de Mohun, 9th Lord de Mohun of Dunster. The two lived at Bisham Manor in Berkshire and had a son and two daughters. The son, Sir William Montacute, married Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan , daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel , but was killed in a tournament in 1383, leaving no children. When the elder William Montacute died in 1397 the earldom was inherited by his nephew John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury . One of William's sisters, Philippa (d. January 5, 1382), married Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March ."

Elizabeth next married Sir Thomas de Mowbray, 6th Lord Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk,277 son of John de Mowbray, 4th Lord Mowbray and Elizabeth de Segrave, 5th Baroness Segrave, in Jul 1384. Thomas was born on 22 Mar 1366 and died on 22 Sep 1399 in Venice, Italy at age 33.

Death Notes: Died from the Plague

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk

Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk (22 March 1366 - 22 September 1399 ) was an English nobleman.

On 10 February 1382 , he succeeded his brother John as 6th Baron Mowbray and 7th Baron Segrave, and soon afterwards was created Earl of Nottingham, a title that had also been created for his elder brother. Three years later he was appointed Earl Marshal of England , and in that capacity he fought against the Scots and then against the French .

Lord Nottingham was one of the Lords Appellant to King Richard II who deposed some of King Richard's court favorites in 1387 . The King's uncle, Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester , was imprisoned at Calais, where Nottingham was Captain. When Gloucester was killed in 1397 , it was probably at the King's orders and probably with Nottingham's involvement. A few weeks later he was created Duke of Norfolk . His aged grandmother, the Countess of Norfolk, was still alive; she was created Duchess of Norfolk for life. When she died the next year he also became 3rd Earl of Norfolk.

Later, in 1398 , Norfolk quarrelled with Henry of Bolingbroke, 1st Duke of Hereford (later King Henry IV), apparently due to mutual suspicions stemming from their roles in the conspiracy against the Duke of Gloucester. The King banished them both. After Hereford returned and usurped the throne, Norfolk was stripped of the Dukedom of Norfolk, though he retained his other titles. He died of the plague in Venice , on 22 September 1399 .[citation needed ]

The matter of Norfolk's quarrel and subsequent banishment is depicted at the beginning of Shakespeare 's Richard II .

Norfolk had no children by his first wife, Elizabeth le Strange, suo jure 3rd Baroness Strange , daughter and heiress of John le Strange, 2nd Baron Strange . He had two sons by his second wife, Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan , daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel : Thomas , later 4th Earl of Norfolk; and John , later 5th Earl of Norfolk, later restored as 2nd Duke of Norfolk.

Family
Mowbray was the son of John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray (died 1368 ), and Elizabeth Segrave, Baroness Mowbray and suo jure 5th Baroness Segrave (died 1375 ). His mother was the eldest daughter of John de Segrave, 4th Baron Segrave and Margaret Plantagenet, Duchess of Norfolk , who was the eldest daughter of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk , a son of Edward I of England and his second Queen consort Marguerite of France . Thus Mowbray was a great-great-grandson of King Edward I.

Noted events in his life were:

• 1st Duke of Norfolk: 1397.

• Banished: by King Richard II, 1398.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 351 M    i. Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk 278 was born in 1385 and died on 8 Jun 1405 at age 20.

+ 352 M    ii. John de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk 279 was born in 1392 and died on 19 Oct 1432 in Epworth at age 40.

+ 353 F    iii. Margaret de Mowbray .

Elizabeth next married Sir Robert Goushill, of Hoveringham, Lord of Hault Hucknall Manor,280 son of Sir Nicholas Goushill, of Hoveringham and Unknown, before 19 Aug 1401. Robert was born about 1363 in <Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire, England> and died before 1414 in <Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire, England>. Another name for Robert was Sir Robert Gousell.

Marriage Notes: Married without license. On August 19, 1401, King Henry IV seized the lands of Elizabeth, late widow of Thomas Mowbray, for marrying Robert Goushill without license. On September 28, 1401, Henry IV would pardon Robert Goushill esquire and Elizabeth, late wife of Thomas, duke of Norfolk, for their trespass for inter-marrying without license and that they shall have restitution of all lands assigned to her in dower with the issues from the time of their marriage.
281

Research Notes: Sir Robert Goushill, Knight, of Haveringham in the county of Nottingham, and Lord of Hault Hucknall Manor in Derbyshire.
-------------
According to Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912, p. 285, Sir Robert was of Hault Hucknell manor, Derbyshire.
----------
From the book Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 51-52:

"IV. LADY ELIZABETH FITZ ALAN, was born 1376, and died 8 Jul 1425. She married, first, before 1 December 1378, William de Montacute, son of William Earl of Salisbury, who died 6 August, 1383. She married, secondly, 1386, as his second wife, Thomas K. G. 7th Lord Mowbray Earl Marshall of England, 1st duke of Norfolk, and Earl of Nottingham, who died 22 September, 1399. She married, thirdly on or before the 1 September, 1401, Sir Robert Goushill, Knight, of Haveringham in the county of Nottingham, and Lord of Hault Hucknall Manor in Derbyshire. He had been Esquire to the duke of Norfolk her former husband. She married, fourthly, Sir Gerard Ufflete, Knight, of Wigmore, Yorkshire, but retained the title of Dowager Duchess of Norfolk until her death. The following letter written by her in 1421-2 is extant. The William Troutbeck there referred to was the grandfather of the William Troutbeck mentioned later.

"The letter is as follows:
'The Duchuse of Norff.

'Right dere and well beloved, we grete you well, and alsmycull as we have given under oure great seale of armes, unto oure servante Norman Babyngton, and Margaret his wife, and unto the heires of Norman, the third part of the manoirs of Staune Dunham and Troughford, with the app' tenuz, of which, William Troutbeck holds of us the third part t' me of his life yielding to us yerely a certayne rent, as the said William Troutbeck can declare you more pleyneley, we pray you with all oure hert, that ye make fine to be rered before you of the third part of the ad manoirs, and also of the third part of the ferme, the which the ad Troutbeck yeilds to us and oure sisters, unto the heres of Norman, and with warrantie, writen under oure greate seale at Annesley, xx May (1421-1422).

'To oure dere and right well beloved Peirs of Poole, Justice of Chester.'

"Seal of arms two and a half inches in diameter, bearing arms of England, with a label of three points impaling a shield blazoned, quarterly, 1st and 4th, checquey, 2nd and 3d, a lion rampant, Circumscriberd: 'x Sigillum d'ni Elizabeth ... Norforthie : comitisse : marchli : .. redby : de Knapp .. (Hist. Ches. Ormerod.)

"By her 3d husband, Sir Robert Goushill, Knight:
Joan Goushill, d. and heiress, of whom presently."

-------
From "GOUSHILL FITZ-ALAN TOMB AT HOVERINGHAM
" (http://sites.google.com/site/goushilltomb/goushill-tomb/) :

SIR ROBERT GOUSHILL: Sir Robet Goushill was knighted by King Henry IV at the battle of Shrewsbury on July 21,1403. At the Battle of Shrewsbury the loyalist forces of Henry IV were opposed by the rebel army of Henry Percy (Hotspur). The army of King Henry IV won the day with the killing of Hotspur during the conflict. Casulties on both sides were high with estimates of 3000 killed or wounded on each side. Sir Robert Goushill was knighted the day of the battle for his gallantry, but was badly wounded in the side. Found lying wounded by his servant on the eve of the battle, Goushill asked that his armor be removed and a note sent to his wife Elizabeth in case of his death. The servant then stabbed and murdered Sir Robert Goushill and made off with his purse and ring. Another wounded man lying nearby recognized the servant, and he was later caught and hanged for the crime. The arms of Sir Robert Goushill would be placed in the Shrewsbury Battlefield Church erected as a memorial by King Henry IV.
Robert Goushill was the son and heir of Sir Nicholas Goushill of Hoveringham. The date of his birth is unknown, but can be estimated to be circa 1360-1365. Likewise, the name of his mother also remains unknown. The Goushill family had held extensive lands in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire since the 13th century. Walter Goushill, an early ancestor in the direct line, gained a number of these considerable holdings for the Goushills through his marriage to Maud (Matilda) Hathersage, the co-heiress of Mathew Hathersage in Derbyshire. (The early pedigree of the Goushill family of Hoveringham can be found in the History of Nottinghamshire by Dr. Robert Thoroton). In the calendar of patent rolls of Richard II on March 12, 1386, the King orders the arrest of Sir Nicholas Goushill the elder and his son Robert Goushill to answer the suit brought by William Birkes accusing the Goushills of threatning him with the loss of life and limb that he dare go about his business. On July 16, 1385, Sir Nicholas Goushill received the King's pardon. During 1387, Nicholas Goushill knight of Hoveringham and his son Robert Goushill are found in the chancery records to owe a debt of 22 pounds to Robert Wells of London. The next mention of Robert Goushill occurs in 1390 when he receives the King's pardon for alleged outlawry and other felonies through the supplication of Thomas Mowbray. Thomas Mowbray was at that time Earl of Nottingham and later would become the Duke of Norfolk. This evidences that Robert Goushill was already a supporter of Thomas Mowbray of whom he would be an employee of for the next decade. It is interesting to note that Elizabeth Fitz-Alan, the future wife of Robert Goushill, had been the wife of Mowbray since 1384.
During the 1390's, Robert Goushill would be in the retinue of Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham, Marshal of England, and Duke of Norfolk, serving as Mowbray's esquire and attorney. When Thomas Mowbray received his ducal elevation in 1397, he gave to his esquire Robert Goushill a 20 pound annuity for life from his manor at Willington. This grant was confirmed by Henry IV in November of 1399. In 1398, after the Duke of Norfolk was banished by Richard II, Robert Goushill was appointed one of the attorneys for Mowbray. At the coronation of King Edward IV on October 13, 1399, Robert Goushill would make a plea for the return of the banished Duke of Norfolk as Earl Marshall, not knowing Mowbray had already died of the plague in Venice, Italy on September 22, 1399. In the mid 1390's, Robert Goushill had married as a first wife Joan Bracebrugge, who was the widow of Sir Ralph Bracebrugge of Kingsbury, Warwickshire. Joan (maiden name unknown) had married Ralph Bracebrugge in 1380 and his death occured in August, 1395. The marriage of Robert Goushill and Joan Bracebrugge likely was in 1396, and Joan would die early in the year 1400. (IPM Henry IV, 1-6). In 1397 Richard II appointed Sir William Bagot and Robert Goushill to seize into his hands the goods and chattels of Thomas the late Earl of Warwick. (Goushill served as Warwickshire sheriff in 1396/97). After Richard II was deposed, the new King Henry IV made a grant on Feb. 23, 1400 to his kinswoman Elizabeth, the wife of the late Duke of Norfolk, of the remaining goods of the late Duke as well as clearing the debts that the Duke had owed to the deposed Richard II. Others stated to share in the remaining goods of the deceased Duke of Norfolk included Robert Goushill.
Robert Goushill would marry the widowed Elizabeth Fitz-Alan, Duchess of Norfolk, in the latter part of 1400 or early 1401 without license. On August 19, 1401, King Henry IV seized the lands of Elizabeth, late widow of Thomas Mowbray, for marrying Robert Goushill without license. On September 28, 1401, Henry IV would pardon Robert Goushill esquire and Elizabeth, late wife of Thomas, duke of Norfolk, for their trespass for inter-marrying without license and that they shall have restitution of all lands assigned to her in dower with the issues from the time of their marriage. Joan Goushill, the 1st daughter of Robert and Elizabeth, would be born in 1401, and a 2nd daughter Elizabeth Goushill would be born in 1402. Many present day descendants of these two daughters trace their ancestry to the Plantagenet Kings of England through Joan Goushill who married Sir Thomas Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley, and Elizabeth Goushill who married Sir Robert Wingfield of Letheringham, Suffolk. (My own descent is through the Goushill-Wingfield marriage). A 3rd daughter named Joyce is now credited to Robert and Elizabeth. She was found in a 1407 lawsuit being named after older daughters Joan and Elizabeth. As she is not named in Robert Goushill's Inq. Post Mortum of 1403, she would certainly seem to have been born after Robert Goushill's death. No futher trace of Joyce Goushill has been found. After the tragic death of Sir Robert Goushill at the battle of Shrewsbury on July 21, 1403, his Inquisition Post Mortum was held August 6, 1403. His heirs are given as his daughters Joan and Elizabeth, aged two years and one year respectively. A final thought regarding the pedigree of the Goushill family of Hoveringham as given by Thoroton: the pedigree lists the Sir Nicholas Goushill dying in 1393 as the grandfather of Robert Goushill and Robert's father as another Nicholas Goushill. This 2nd Nicholas Goushill listed in the pedigree was very likely confused with the Sir Nicholas Goushill of Barlborough, Derbyshire who was also at the battle of Shrewsbury. He was certainly a relative and contemporary of Robert Goushill and either brother or first cousin, but not his father. The first 1380's records that mention Robert Goushill appear with Sir Nicholas Goushill the ELDER given as the father of Robert Goushill. I believe the evidence stongly suggests that the father of Robert Goushill was the Sir Nicholas Goushill who died in 1393 and was buried at St. Michael's church at Hoveringham.


---------
From Wikipedia - Hoveringham :

Hoveringham is a small village in Nottinghamshire about 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Nottingham and on the west side of the River Trent , just off the A612 trunk road to Southwell . The adjacent area has extensive sand and gravel deposits which have been quarried there for many years.

Historical
Hoveringham "is a pleasant village and parish near the Trent , between Nottingham and Newark , five miles (8 km) south by west of Southwell . Its parish comprises 361 inhabitants and 850 acres (3.4 km2) of land. Near the village there was once a ferry across the Trent to Kneeton . In the reign on Henry III it was possessed by Hugh de Hoveringham , and afterwards passed to the Goushill family, by whom a great part of the estate was given to Thurgarton Priory, from which it passed to Trinity College, Cambridge , which has since received other lands in lieu of the tithes. This parish was tithe free for upwards of 70 years until 1851, when four shillings per acre was laid on as tithe, but it is the opinion of all the freeholders that it is not legal. In 1795, many old writings and documents which were deposited in the church were destroyed by the great flood. It is supposed that the writings belonging to the land which was set apart in lieu of the tithes were amongst them. Sir Richard Sutton, Bart., is lessee of the manorial rights, and of 647 acres (2.62 km2) of college land, which was held by the Cooper family, from the time of the Reformation till 1830. There are about 20 freeholders in the parish.The church is a small, ancient structure, dedicated to St. Michael , and is in the patronage of the same college. It is a perpetual curacy, was valued at £60, and is annexed to that of Thurgarton ."[2]

Noted events in his life were:

• Sheriff of Warwickshire: 1397.

• Knighted: by King Henry IV, 21 Jul 1403, at the Battle of Shrewsbury.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 354 M    i. Robert Goushill 282 was born about 1401 and died about 1415 about age 14.

+ 355 F    ii. Joan Goushill 283 was born about 1402 in <Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire>, England and died after 1460.

+ 356 F    iii. Elizabeth Goushill 284 was born about 1403.

+ 357 F    iv. Joyce Goushill .284

Elizabeth next married Sir Gerard Usflete 285 before 3 Jul 1414. Another name for Gerard was Sir Gerard Ufflete of Wigmore.

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, pp. 51-52:

"IV. LADY ELIZABETH FITZ ALAN, was born 1376, and died 8 Jul 1425. She married, first, before 1 December 1378, William de Montacute, son of William Earl of Salisbury, who died 6 August, 1383. She married, secondly, 1386, as his second wife, Thomas K. G. 7th Lord Mowbray Earl Marshall of England, 1st duke of Norfolk, and Earl of Nottingham, who died 22 September, 1399. She married, thirdly on or before the 1 September, 1401, Sir Robert Goushill, Knight, of Haveringham in the county of Nottingham, and Lord of Hault Hucknall Manor in Berbyshire. He had been Esquire to the duke of Norfolk her former husband. She married, fourthly, Sir Gerard Ufflete, Knight, of Wigmore, Yorkshire, but retained the title of Dowager Duchess of Norfolk until her death. The following letter written by her in 1421-2 is extant. The William Troutbeck there referred to was the grandfather of the William Troutbeck mentioned later.

"The letter is as follows:
'The Duchuse of Norff.

'Right dere and well beloved, we grete you well, and alsmycull as we have given under oure great seale of armes, unto oure servante Norman Babyngton, and Margaret his wife, and unto the heires of Norman, the third part of the manoirs of Staune Dunham and Troughford, with the app' tenuz, of which, William Troutbeck holds of us the third part t' me of his life yielding to us yerely a certayne rent, as the said William Troutbeck can declare you more pleyneley, we pray you with all oure hert, that ye make fine to be rered before you of the third part of the ad manoirs, and also of the third part of the ferme, the which the ad Troutbeck yeilds to us and oure sisters, unto the heres of Norman, and with warrantie, writen under oure greate seale at Annesley, xx May (1421-1422).

'To oure dere and right well beloved Peirs of Poole, Justice of Chester.'

"Seal of arms two and a half inches in diameter, bearing arms of England, with a label of three points impaling a shield blazoned, quarterly, 1st and 4th, checquey, 2nd and 3d, a lion rampant, Circumscriberd: 'x Sigillum d'ni Elizabeth ... Norforthie : comitisse : marchli : .. redby : de Knapp .. (Hist. Ches. Ormerod.)

"By her 3d husband, Sir Robert Goushill, Knight:
Joan Goushill, d. and heiress, of whom presently."

304. Richard FitzAlan (Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel255, Elizabeth de Badlesmere221, Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: d.s.p.

Source: Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 51

305. Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel, Earl of Surrey 245 (Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel255, Elizabeth de Badlesmere221, Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 13 Oct 1381 and died on 13 Oct 1415 at age 34.

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 51:

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth...
2. Thomas, who died S. P. and whose title passed to his kinsman, but whose lands descended to his sisters..."
-------
From Wikipedia - Elizabeth de Bohun :

Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel , Earl of Surrey KG (13 October 1381- 13 October 1415), married 26 November 1405, Beatrice, illegitimate daughter of King John I of Portugal and Inez Perez Esteves.[3] The marriage was childless.

---------
From Archæologia Cambrensis, Vol. VII, 6th series, 1907, p. 16 :
"He had a rather troublous time, many of his tenants having joined Owen Glyndwr, for which tenants he afterwards procured a pardon from the King. Moreover, it would seem that in his manor of Hewlington, just outside the franchise of Holt, now part of the township of the same, and certainly elsewhere within his lordship of Bromfield [Wrexham] and Yale, the country was wasted by Owen's adherents, and houses were destroyed; so that the stewards had to grant the lands to such as would take them at a lower rant than was formerly paid for the same...
"Altogether, we get the impression that Earl Thomas was a very fine sort of a man compared with the ordinary Lord Marcher of the time. He died without children surviving, and Henry V assigned to his widow, Beatrix of Portugal, as dower, certain possessions of the deceased lord."

-------
From Wikipedia - Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel :

Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel KG (13 October 1381 - 13 October 1415) was an English nobleman, one of the principals of the deposition of Richard II , and a major figure during the reign of Henry IV .

Lineage
He was the only surviving son of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel and his first wife, Elizabeth de Bohun . When he was 16 his father was executed and his lands and titles forfeited. Thomas was given as ward to the King's half-brother John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter , along with a large part of the Arundel estates. Holland greatly mistreated him, a matter Thomas was to cruelly repay many years later.

Escape and exile
Eventually Thomas escaped from his guardian and joined his uncle Thomas Arundel , the deposed Archbishop of Canterbury , in exile. The two eventually joined with another exile, the King's cousin Henry Bolingbroke .


The return of Bolingbroke and Restoration
Thomas followed Henry in his return to England in July 1399, and in the following events which led to the deposition of King Richard and Henry's crowning as King Henry IV. He was butler at the coronation, and shortly afterward the new King restored him to his titles and estates. These included two notable Earldoms; those of Earl of Arundel and Earl of Surrey , and large estates in the Welsh Marches .

The Epiphany Rising
Early the next year a group of Barons who had been close to the deposed King Richard II revolted-known as the Epiphany Rising -amongst them Thomas' former guardian John Holland. The latter was captured by followers of Thomas's aunt Joan, Countess of Hereford , and at Thomas' behest was soon executed (some claim he was tortured first).

The rebellion of Owain Glyndwr in Wales
The next few years Thomas was much occupied by events in the Welsh marches, where he had to help deal with the revolt of Owain Glyndwr which ran in full from 1400 to maybe 1412 but gained a great deal of early momentum until 1405. After the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403 he was appointed to defend the Marches from further attacks along its full length and then focused on defeating Glyndwr in the northern March adjacent to North Wales.

Revolt in the North
In 1405 there was a revolt in the north of England, led by the Archbishop of York , Richard le Scrope , and the 2nd Duke of Norfolk , John Mowbray . Thomas was the head of the Commission which condemned the pair to death. This apparently led to a falling out between Thomas and his uncle, Archbishop Thomas Arundel, who objected to the execution of a fellow prelate.


Portuguese alliance and marriages
King Henry's sister, Philippa of Lancaster , had married King John I of Portugal , and to further cement the alliance between England and Portugal, Thomas married Beatrice , the illegitimate daughter of King John. The wedding took place in London on 26 November 1405 , with King Henry IV in attendance.

Further Welsh conflict
In the following years Thomas again had to help suppress revolts in Wales and the Welsh Marches .

Alliance with Burgundy
Politically Thomas allied himself with the King's half-brothers the Beauforts, and when Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter was appointed Chancellor in 1410, Arundel became one of the King's principal councillors. Beaufort favored an alliance with Burgundy , and Arundel was one of the leaders of those sent to help fight the rival Armagnac faction in France. Sometime in this period Arundel was made a Knight of the Garter .

Death of King Henry IV
In 1412 the Beauforts lost power, and Arundel retired to his estates until the next year, when King Henry IV died. Of course his son, King Henry V restored Arundel to a place of influence, immediately appointing him Lord Treasurer, as well as constable of Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports .

French focus
Arundel was one of the initial commanders of Henry V's 1415 French campaign, but at the siege of Harfleur he, along with many others, fell ill and had to return to England.

Death
He never recovered, and died not long afterwards.

Succession
Arundel left no children. The castle and lordship of Arundel was inherited by his cousin John Fitzalan, 13th Earl of Arundel . The Earldom of Surrey fell into abeyance (or went extinct; authorities differ on this matter). The rest of his property was split amongst his three surviving sisters.

Noted events in his life were:

• Restored: to the estates of his father, including Holt Castle, 1399 or 1400. by Henry IV, becoming Lord of Bromfield (Wrexham), Yale, Chirk, Oswestry, Clun, etc.

• Lord of Bromfield (Wrexham) and Yale: 1399 or 1400.

• Lord of Chirk, Oswestry and Clun: 1399 or 1400.

• Indentured: to serve Henry, Prince of Wales, 20 Feb 1408. 286 and afterwards Henry V, for life, by sea and by land, in peace and in war, receiving for such service 250 marks yearly.

• Granted: a charter to the burgesses of Holt, Nov 1411. 287

Thomas married Beatrix, of Portugal,288 daughter of John I, King of Portugal and the Algarve and Inês Pires Estevez, on 26 Nov 1405 in London, England. Beatrix was born about 1386 in <Portugal> and died on 25 Oct 1437 in Bordeaux, France about age 51. Other names for Beatrix were Beatrice of Portugal and Beatriz of Portugal.

Marriage Notes: King Henry IV was in attendance.

Death Notes: Died from the Black Death.

Research Notes: Illegitimate daughter of King John I of Portugal.

From Archæologia Cambrensis, Vol. VII, 6th Series, 1907, pp. 16-17:

"[Earl Thomas] died without children surviving, and Henry V assigned to his widow, Beatrix of Portugal, as dower, certain possessions of the deceased lord. We learn what these lands were from the inquisition taken in Pentecost week, in the eighteenth year of Henry VI, after the death of Beatrix, on 23rd October, 1437. This inquisition has been printed in pp. 385-388, vol. i, of Powys Fadog, and I extract therefrom all that concerns Holt, Hewlington, and what is now the parish of Isycoed. The said Countess Beatrix had, among other things, 'a third of the gaol within the Castle Leonis, by the name of the Castle of Holt, with free ingress and egress, and safe custody of prisoners, and also the third part of a house called 'The Chekers' [the Exchequer Tower] within the said Castle; also the third part of all houses outside the ward of the Castle. Also l l l a certain stable for five horses next the court-house and near the ditch of the said Castle; also the third part of a garden, together with a pasture called 'Le Quarrer' [the quarry forming part of the moat whence the stone was hewed to build the Castle] adjoining the same; also the manor of Hewlington, the ringildry of Iscoed, and the park of Merseley.'

"...As Thomas Earl of Arundel died without heirs male surviving, his estates were divided, subject to the aforesaid dower, among his three sisters, or among their children or grandchildren in right of them. These sisters were Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; Joan, wife of William Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny; and Margaret, wife of Sir Roland Lenthall, knight, all of whom were still living on the 20th July, 1416. The inheritors of the three portions after the death of the Countess Beatrix were (1) John Mowbray, son of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; (2) Elizabeth, wife of Sir Edward Neville, and daughter of Richard, Earl of Worcester, who was the son of Joan, Lady Abergavenny; and (3) Edmund, son of Sir Roland and Margaret Lenthall."
----------
From Wikipedia - Beatriz, Countess of Arundel :

Beatriz of Portugal (Portuguese pronunciation: [bi?'t?i?] ; c. 1386 - 1447), LG (English : Beatrice or Beatrix) was a natural daughter of John I of Portugal and Inês Pires . She was a sister of Afonso, Duke of Braganza and half-sister of Edward of Portugal , Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra , Henry the Navigator , Isabella of Portugal , Infante João, Lord of Reguengos and Fernando, the Saint Prince (the so called Ínclita Geração ).

Beatrice was born c. 1386 perhaps in Veiros , Alentejo and married Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel on November 26 , 1405 in London , with King Henry IV in attendance. Thomas died on October 13 , 1415 ; she may have married John Holland, Earl of Huntingdon in 1432.

She died in Bordeaux , of black death in October 25 , 1447 .

She is sometimes confused with another Portuguese lady, Beatrice, wife of Gilbert Talbot, 5th Baron Talbot and subsequently of his steward, Thomas Fettiplace of East Shefford in Berkshire .


Noted events in her life were:

• Assigned, as dower,: certain possessions of her deceased husband by Henry V, Abt Oct 1415.

306. Alianora FitzAlan (Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel255, Elizabeth de Badlesmere221, Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: From the book Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 50:

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth:...
4. Alianora, who had Royal License 28 Oct. 1371, to marry Robert de Ufford, son of William Earl of Suffolk. [Notes from the Patent Rolls Inq. etc.]; but is said in 'Williamson's Evidences' to have died unmarried, p. 30.] [Hist. Cheshire, Ormerod, p. 38.]..."

307. Margaret FitzAlan 246 (Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel255, Elizabeth de Badlesmere221, Margaret de Clare189, Juliana FitzGerald, of Offaly156, Maurice FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly134, Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Offaly108, Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Baron of Offaly90, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan, Wales63, Nest verch Rhys50, Rhys ap, Prince of South Wales38, Tudor Mawr, Prince of South Wales28, Cadell ap23, Einon ap18, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1382 and died after 1423.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Elizabeth de Bohun :

Lady Margaret Fitzalan (1382- after 1423), married Sir Rowland Lenthall, of Hampton Court, Herefordshire, by whom she had two sons.
--------

From Archæologia Cambrensis, Vol. VII, 6th Series, 1907, pp. 16-17:

"...As Thomas Earl of Arundel died without heirs male surviving, his estates were divided, subject to the aforesaid dower, among his three sisters, or among their children or grandchildren in right of them. These sisters were Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; Joan, wife of William Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny; and Margaret, wife of Sir Roland Lenthall, knight, all of whom were still living on the 20th July, 1416. The inheritors of the three portions after the death of the Countess Beatrix [25 October 1447] were (1) John Mowbray, son of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk; (2) Elizabeth, wife of Sir Edward Neville, and daughter of Richard, Earl of Worcester, who was the son of Joan, Lady Abergavenny; and (3) Edmund, son of Sir Roland and Margaret Lenthall."

Margaret married Sir Rowhall Lenthall, of Hampton Court, Herefordshire.289

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 50:

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth:...
7. Margaret, married Sir Rowland Lenthall."

308. Lowri verch Twdr 247 (Tudor ap Gruffydd Fychan, Lord of Gwyddelwern258, Gruffydd Fychan II ap Gruffydd ap Madog, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy224, Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan, of Rhuddallt190, Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan157, Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog135, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Only daughter and heir

Lowri married Gruffydd ap Einion ap Gruffydd, of Cors y Gedol,290 son of Einion ap Gruffydd, of Cors y Gedol and Unknown,.

309. Angharad Puleston 249 (Lowry Fychan verch Gruffydd Fychan259, Gruffydd Fychan II ap Gruffydd ap Madog, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy224, Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan, of Rhuddallt190, Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan157, Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog135, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1384 and died in 1448 about age 64.

Angharad married Edwart Trevor ap Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam, of Bryncinallt, son of Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel and Gwenhwyfar verch Adda Goch,. Edwart was born about 1382 and died in 1448 about age 66. Other names for Edwart were Edwart ap Daffyd of Bryncinallt, Iorwerth Trevor ap Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam of Bryncinallt, Edward ap David ap Ednyfed Gam of Brynkynallt, co. Denbigh, and Edward Trevor of Bryncinallt.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 249-36 (Angharad Puleston).

Also Source: http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3174654&id=I593872118

From A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland" by John Burke & John Bernard Burke, vol. I (London, 1847), p. 506 "EDWARD AP DAVID, who m. Angharad, dau. (by Lowrie, sister of OWEN GLENDOWER, and dau. of Griffith Vychan, Lord of Glyndwrdwy, co. Merioneth; see HUGHES or GWERCLAS) of Roibert Puleston, of Emrall, co. Flint, Esq. (see BURKE'S Peerage and Baronetage, PULESTON or EMRALL,) and dying in 1448, had issue, I. JOHN, II. Richard-Trevor, progenitor of the TREVORS OF OSWESTRY, co. Salop.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 263)

310. John Puleston, Esq., of Emral (Lowry Fychan verch Gruffydd Fychan259, Gruffydd Fychan II ap Gruffydd ap Madog, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy224, Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan, of Rhuddallt190, Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan157, Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog135, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1380 and died before 17 Apr 1444.

Research Notes: First son of Robert Puleston of Emral

RootsWeb - Celtic Royal Genealogy - has b. abt 1380, d. 1444

Source: Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, (London, 1872), p. 455

From Wikipedia - Robert Puleston :

"Robert Puleston married Owain Glynd younger sister, Lowry. They had a son called John Puleston, whose will was proved in 1444. He married Angharad, a daughter of Griffith Hanmer, of the same family as Owain Glynd wife, Margaret Hanmer . Angharad was a granddaughter of Gronw ap Tudor of Anglesey ."

From Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912, pp. 800-801:
"LOWRY VAUGHAN, sister to the celebrated Owen Glendower. She m. Robert Pyllesdon, or Puleston, lord of Emral manor, Caernarvonshire, and had, JOHN PULESTON, of Emral, heir, who.m. Angharad, dau. of Griffith de Hanmer, and had, MARGARET PULESTON..."

From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 455:
"Sir John, the first son [of Robert Puleston], m. Angharad, dau. and h. of Gruffydd Hanmer, Esq., of Hanmer, Flintshire, and had issue, besides Catherine, who d. s. p., a son,--Sir Roger Puleston..."

From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I (London, 1872), p. 455: "Robert Puleston, Esq., of Emral... By his wife Lowri he was father of--1. John Puleston, Esq., of Emral. 2 Madog, who m. Angharad, dau. and co-h. of David ap Gronwy (some say David ap Llewelyn--Dwnn, ii, 151), and became the progenitor of the Pulestons of Havodywern, Bersham (Dwnn, ii, 359), Llwynycnotie (ibid., 361) and Carnarvon (ibid., 150)...."

From Welsh Biography Online - http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-PULE-EST-1283.html
"Robert's grandson, ROGER PULESTON (d. 1469), whose father, JOHN PULESTON (will proved 17 April 1444), had m. Angharad, daughter of Griffith Hanmer and grand-daughter of Tudur ap Gronwy of Anglesey, was a staunch Lancastrian and held Denbigh castle as deputy-constable to his kinsman, Jasper, earl of Pembroke during the campaign of 1460-1. "

Noted events in his life were:

• Will proved: 17 Apr 1444.

John married Angharad verch Gruffydd Hanmer, of Hanmer, Flintshire, daughter of Gruffydd Hanmer, Esq., of Hanmer, Flintshire and Angharad verch Tudur,. Angharad was born about 1380. Another name for Angharad was Angharad Hanmer.

Research Notes: From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I, London, 1872, p. 455:
"Sir John, the first son [of Robert Puleston], m. Angharad, dau. and h. of Gruffydd Hanmer, Esq., of Hanmer, Flintshire, and had issue, besides Catherine, who d. s. p., a son,--Sir Roger Puleston..."

RootsWeb - Celtic Royal Genealogy - has b. abt 1380


The child from this marriage was:

+ 358 M    i. Sir Roger Puleston, of Emral was born about 1426 and died on 4 Oct 1489 about age 63.

311. Madog Puleston, of Bers (Lowry Fychan verch Gruffydd Fychan259, Gruffydd Fychan II ap Gruffydd ap Madog, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy224, Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan, of Rhuddallt190, Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan157, Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog135, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1390 in Emral, Flintshire, Wales. Another name for Madog was Madoc Puleston of Bersham.

Birth Notes: Sources differ in approximate birth year from abt 1390 to abt 1414. This source, http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=youngwolf&id=I786, has b. 1414 in Emrell, Wales. Another source has b. abt 1390 in Bersham, [Wrexham, ] Denbighshire, Wales. Since he was Robert Puleston's second son, he was probably born after 1380, but not as late as 1414.

Research Notes: Second son of Robert Puleston of Emral

Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg60.htm#1197

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. II (London, 1882) has from Cae Cyriog M.S.; Lewys Dwnn, vol ii: "John Puleston of Bers and Havod y Wern, son of Madog of Bers, 2nd son of Robert Puleston of Emrall, ab Richard ab Sir Roger Puleston. Argent on a bend sable, three mullets of the field for Madog Puleston."

From Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales by Thomas Nicholas, Vol. I (London, 1872), p. 455: "Robert Puleston, Esq., of Emral... By his wife Lowri he was father of--1. John Puleston, Esq., of Emral. 2 Madog, who m. Angharad, dau. and co-h. of David ap Gronwy (some say David ap Llewelyn--Dwnn, ii, 151), and became the progenitor of the Pulestons of Havodywern, Bersham (Dwnn, ii, 359), Llwynycnotie (ibid., 361) and Carnarvon (ibid., 150)...."

Source: Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII. (London, 1880), "The Tanat Pedigree", p. 123 - "Madoc Puleston of Havolywerne, 2nd son. (The like diff. with a crescent.) = Ankarett, dau. and co-heir of David ap Grono ap Ierwerth. (Vert, a lion ramp. or.)



Madog married Angharad verch Dafydd ap Gronwy,291 daughter of Dafydd ap Goronwy and Unknown,. Angharad was born in 1392 in Burton, <Somerset>, England. Other names for Angharad were Angharad verch David and Ankarett verch David ap Grono.

Research Notes: From Annals and Antiquities, Vol. I, p. 455:
"Madog, who m. Angharad, dau. and co-h. of David ap Gronwy (some say David ap Llewelyn--Dwnn, ii., 151), and became the progenitor of the Pulestons of Havodywern, Bersham (Dwnn, ii, 359), Llwynycuotie (ibid., 361), and Carnarvon (ibid., 150)."

From Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol. XIII, "The Tanat Pedigree", p. 123 - "Madoc Puleston of Havolywerne, 2nd son. (The like diff. with a crescent.) = Ankarett, dau. and co-heir of David ap Grono ap Ierwerth. (Vert, a lion ramp. or.)


Children from this marriage were:

+ 359 M    i. John Puleston, of Bers and Hafod y Wern 236 was born circa 1425 in Hafod-y-Wern, Berse (Bersham), (Wrexham, Denbighshire), Wales and died in 1461 at age 36.

+ 360 F    ii. Angharad Puleston .

+ 361 M    iii. Edward Puleston .

312. Roger Puleston 250 (Lowry Fychan verch Gruffydd Fychan259, Gruffydd Fychan II ap Gruffydd ap Madog, of Rhuddallt, Baron of Glyndyfrdwy224, Gruffydd ap Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan, of Rhuddallt190, Madog ap Gruffudd Fychan157, Gruffydd Fychan I ap Gruffudd ap Madog135, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in 1469.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Robert Puleston :

Marriage and issue
Robert Puleston married Owain Glynd's younger sister, Lowry. They had a son called John Puleston, whose will was proved in 1444. He married Angharad, a daughter of Griffith Hanmer, of the same family as Owain Glynd wife, Margaret Hanmer . Angharad was a granddaughter of Gronw ap Tudor of Anglesey . Another son, Roger Puleston (died 1469), who was a staunch ally of Jasper Tudor , Earl of Pembroke holding Denbigh Castle as Deputy Constable to Jasper Tudor in 1460 and 1461.

313. Sir Adam Bostock 251 (Ralph Bostock260, Adam Bostock225, Margaret Whetenhall191, Agnes Arderne158, Margaret verch Gruffydd136, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor I109, Madog ap Gruffydd Maelor I, Prince of Powys Fadog91, Gruffudd Maelor I ap Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys Fadog67, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in Cheshire, England and died in Cheshire, England.

Adam married Elizabeth Venables,292 daughter of Hugh Venable, Baron and Unknown,. Elizabeth was born in Kinderton, England and died in England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 362 M    i. Nicholas Bostock 293 was born in Cheshire, England and died in Cheshire, England.

314. Isabel FitzAlan 252 (Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne261, Sir Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel226, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel192, Isabella de Mortimer159, Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1332 in Corfim, Shropshire, England and died on 29 Aug 1396 in Shropshire, England about age 64. Another name for Isabel was Mary Isabel FitzAlan.

Isabel married John le Strange, 4th Baron Strange of Blackmere,294 son of John le Strange, 2nd Baron Strange of Blackmere and Unknown,. John was born on 13 Jan 1332 in Blackmere, Salop, Cornwall, England, died on 8 May 1361 at age 29, and was buried on 12 May 1361.

Birth Notes: Wikipedia - Baron Strange of Blackmere- has b. 1332, as does Ancestry.com. Ancestral Roots has 1322.


Children from this marriage were:

+ 363 M    i. John le Strange, 5th Baron Strange of Blackmere 295 was born in 1353 and died in 1375 at age 22.

+ 364 F    ii. Ankaret le Strange, 7th Baroness Strange of Blackmere 296 was born in 1361 in Salop, Cornwall, England and died on 1 Jun 1413 in Blackmere Castle, Shropshire, England at age 52.

+ 365 F    iii. Elizabeth le Strange, 6th Baroness Strange of Blackmere 295 died in 1383.


315. Sir Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel & 10th Earl of Surrey 241 (Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne261, Sir Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel226, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel192, Isabella de Mortimer159, Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1346 in <Arundel, West Sussex>, England and died on 21 Sep 1397 in Cheapside, London, England at age 51.

Death Notes: Condemned and beheaded on Tower Hill by Richard II

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - 11th Earl of Arundel and 10th Earl of Surrey.

"In 1377 he was Admiral of the West and South, and in 1386 Admiral of all England. In this capacity he defeated a combined Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off of Margate in 1387. The following year he was one of the Lords Appellant to Richard II. In 1397 he was arrested for his opposition to Richard II, and then attainted and beheaded 21 September 1397."
-----------
From Wikipedia - Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel :

Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel and 10th Earl of Surrey (1346 - September 21, 1397, beheaded) was an English nobleman and military commander.

He was the son of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.

In 1377 he was Admiral of the West and South, and in 1386 Admiral of all England. In this capacity he defeated a combined Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off of Margate in 1387. The following year he was one of the Lords Appellant to Richard II. In 1397 he was arrested for his opposition to Richard II, and then attainted and beheaded.

Arundel married twice. His first wife was Elizabeth de Bohun, daughter of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton. They married around September 28, 1359 and had four children.

***********
From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 50:

"III LADY ELIZABETH DE BOHUN, who married Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, who was beheaded on Tower Hill, September, 1397. Elizabeth died during her husband's life-time, prior to 15 Richard II., for in that year the Earl of Arundel paid a fine to the king for marrying (the second time) without a license. [Dugdale]. His second wife survived him.

"His will is as follows:
'I, Richard, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, March 4, 1392, 16 Richard II. in my Castle of Philipp. My body to be buried in the Priory of Lewis, in a place behind the high altar, which I have shewn to my beloved in God Danz John Chierlien, Prior, and frere Thomas Asshebourne, my confessor. In case my dear wife E., on whom God have mercy, be not there interred by me, I charge my executors that they cause my said wife to be conveyed from her present tomb to the said place with the same form as the body of my most honored lord and father was buried. If I die in England I desire to have my corpse privately conveyed to the said Priory, and I forbid armed men, or to her pomp, attendant at my burial.

.... My manors of Angermeryn, Wepham, Warnecamp, Soucstoke, Tothungton, Upinerdon, and Pyperyng...
'My most dear [second] wife Philippa... My sons [in law] the Earl Marshall, Lord Charlton, and William Beauchamp... My son Richard a standing bed called Clove also a bed of silk, embroidered with the arms of Arundel and Warren quarterly... to my dear son Thomas, from the day of my death C L annually in aid of his maintenance, also the Manors of Begenever, Sullynton, and Schapewyk... My dear daughter Charlton; to my daughter Elizabeth a nounce with lions and crowns which was give me by my dear son her husband.' [Testamenta Vetusta, p. 129.]

"The Earl of Arundel had issue by his first wife Elizabeth:
1. Richard, d. S. P.
2. Thomas, who died S. P. and whose title passed to his kinsman, but whose lands descended to his sisters.
3. Alice married John de Charlton prior 1392; died before 1415, S. P.
4. Alianora, who had Royal License 28 Oct. 1371, to marry Robert de Ufford, son of William Earl of Suffolk. [Notes from the Patent Rolls Inq. etc.]; but is said in 'Williamson's Evidences' to have died unmarried, p. 30.] [Hist. Cheshire, Ormerod, p. 38.]
5. Elizabeth, of whom hereafter.
6. Joane, married before 1392, William Beauchamp of Abergavenny. She died 14 Nov. 1435.
7. Margaret, married Sir Rowland Lenthall."

Noted events in his life were:

• Succeeded: to the lordships of Bromfield (Wrexham) and Yale, 24 Jan 1376. upon the death of his father.

• Inherited: Castrum Leonis (Holt Castle) and Dynas Bran and lands in Wrightesham (Wrexham), 24 Jan 1376.

• "Wonderful Parliament": 1388. He was one of the five lords appellant.

• Built: a stone bridge between Bromfield and Chirk, 1392.

Richard married Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel,205 daughter of Sir William de Bohun, K.G., 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere, about 28 Sep 1359. Elizabeth was born about 1350 and died on 3 Apr 1385 about age 35.

Marriage Notes: Wikipedia

Research Notes: From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 50:

"III LADY ELIZABETH DE BOHUN, who married Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, who was beheaded on Tower Hill, September, 1397. Elizabeth died during her husband's life-time, prior to 15 Richard II., for in that year the Earl of Arundel paid a fine to the king for marrying (the second time) without a license. [Dugdale]. His second wife survived him."

--------
From Wikipedia - Elizabeth de Bohun :

Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel, Countess of Surrey (c.1350- 3 April 1385), was the first wife of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel , Earl of Surrey, (1346- 21 September 1397 Tower Hill, Cheapside, London), a powerful English nobleman and military commander in the reigns of Edward III and Richard II . She was the mother of his seven children.

Family and lineage
Lady Elizabeth de Bohun was born around 1350, the daughter of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere . Her older brother Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford married Joan Fitzalan , a sister of the 11th Earl of Arundel, by whom he had two daughters. Elizabeth had a half-brother Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March by her mother's first marriage to Sir Edmund Mortimer.

Her paternal grandparents were Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan , daughter of King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile . Her maternal grandparents were Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare .

Lady Elizabeth's parents both died when she was young, her mother having died in 1356, and her father in 1360.

Marriage and children
On 28 September 1359, by Papal dispensation,[1] Elizabeth married Richard Fitzalan, who succeeded to the earldoms of Arundel and Surrey upon the death of his father, Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel .

At the coronation of King Richard II, Richard carried the crown. In the same year, 1377, he was made Admiral of the South and West. The following year, 1378, he attacked Harfleur , but was repelled by the French.

Fitzalan allied himself with the King's uncle Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester , who was married to Fitzalan's niece Eleanor de Bohun , who was also his wife's niece. The two men eventually became members of the Council of Regency, and formed a strong and virulent opposition to the King. This would later prove fatal to both men.

Richard and Elizabeth had seven children:[2]

Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel , Earl of Surrey KG (13 October 1381- 13 October 1415), married 26 November 1405, Beatrice, illegitimate daughter of King John I of Portugal and Inez Perez Esteves.[3] The marriage was childless.
Lady Eleanor Fitzalan (c.1365- 1375), on 28 October 1371, at the age of about six, married Robert de Ufford. Died childless.
Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan (1366- 8 July 1425), married firstly before 1378, Sir William de Montagu, secondly in 1384, Thomas Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk , by whom she had four children, thirdly before 19 August 1401, Sir Robert Goushill, by whom she had two daughters, and fourthly before 1411, Sir Gerard Afflete. The Howard Dukes of Norfolk descend from her daughter Margaret Mowbray who married Sir Robert Howard .
Lady Joan FitzAlan (1375- 14 November 1435), married William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny , by whom she had a son, Richard de Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester and a daughter Joan de Beauchamp , wife of James Butler , 4th Earl of Ormond .
Lady Alice Fitzalan (1378- before October 1415), married before March 1392, John Cherlton, Lord Cherlton. Had an affair with Cardinal Henry Beaufort , by whom she had an illegitimate daughter, Jane Beaufort.[4]
Lady Margaret Fitzalan (1382- after 1423), married Sir Rowland Lenthall, of Hampton Court, Herefordshire, by whom she had two sons.
Son Fitzalan (his name is given as either Richard or William).

Death
Elizabeth de Bohun died on 3 April 1385 at the age of about thirty- five. She was buried at Lewes in Sussex. Her husband married secondly Philippa Mortimer on 15 August 1390, by whom he had a son John Fitzalan (1394- after 1397).

Richard Fitzalan was executed by decapitation on 21 September 1397 at Tower Hill Cheapside , London for having committed high treason against King Richard.[5] His titles and estates were attainted until October 1400, when they were restored to his son and heir Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel by the new king Henry IV who had ascended to the English throne upon the deposition of King Richard in 1399.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 255)

Richard next married Philippa.

316. John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel and Lord Maltravers 253 (Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne261, Sir Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel226, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel192, Isabella de Mortimer159, Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1348 in Etchingham, Sussex, England and died on 16 Dec 1379 about age 31. Another name for John was Sir John d'Arundel 1st Lord Arundel.

Research Notes: 1st Lord Arundel, Marshal of England, Lord Mautravers

Noted events in his life were:

• Member of Parliament: 1377-1379.

John married Eleanor Maltravers,297 daughter of John Maltravers, Lord Maltravers and Unknown, on 17 Feb 1358. Eleanor was born in 1345 and died on 10 Jan 1405 at age 60. Another name for Eleanor was Eleanor Mautravers.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel


Children from this marriage were:

+ 366 F    i. Margaret FitzAlan .

+ 367 M    ii. Sir John FitzAlan, Lord of Arundel 298 was born on 30 Nov 1364 and died on 14 Aug 1390 at age 25.

317. Joan FitzAlan 240 (Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne261, Sir Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel226, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel192, Isabella de Mortimer159, Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1348, died on 17 Apr 1419 about age 71, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - Joan Fitzalan :

Lady Joan Fitzalan, Countess of Hereford, Essex, and Northampton (1347/1348- 7 April 1419), was the wife of Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford , 6th Earl of Essex, and 2nd Earl of Northampton. Joan was the mother of Mary de Bohun , the first wife of Henry of Bolingbroke who later reigned as King Henry IV of England , and Eleanor de Bohun , Duchess of Gloucester. She was the maternal grandmother of King Henry V of England .

Family
Lady Joan was born in about 1347 or 1348 at Arundel Castle , Sussex , one of seven children, and the eldest daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel and his second wife Eleanor of Lancaster .[1] Her paternal grandparents were Edmund Fitzalan, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne . Her maternal grandparents were Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud Chaworth .

List of siblings
Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel (1346- 21 September 1397 Tower Hill, Cheapside, London), married firstly Elizabeth de Bohun , sister of Humphrey de Bohun, by whom he had seven children, and secondly Philippa Mortimer. He was beheaded on charges of high treason against King Richard II of England .
John Fitzalan 1st baron of Arundel, 1st Baron Maltravers (1351-16 December 1379), married Eleanor Maltravers, by whom he had issue. He drowned in the Irish Sea, having been shipwrecked after defeating the French off the Cornish coast.
Alice Fitzalan (1350- 17 March 1416), married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent , by whom she had issue.
Thomas Arundel Archbishop of Canterbury (1352- 19 February 1414)
Mary Fitzalan (died 29 August 1396), married John Le Strange, 4th Baron Strange of Blackmere, by whom she had issue, including Ankaret Le Strange who married Richard Talbot, 4th Baron Talbot. These were the parents of John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury
Eleanor Fitzalan (1356- before 1366)
J
oan had a half-brother from her father's first marriage to Isabel le Despenser :
Edmund of Arundel (1327- after 1377), he was bastardised by his parents annulment. He married Sybil Montagu, by whom he had two daughters.

Joan had two uterine half-siblings from her mother's first marriage to John de Beaumont, 2nd Lord Beaumont (died 14 April 1342):
Henry de Beaumont, 3rd Lord Beaumont (4 April 1340- 17 June 1369), married as her first husband Margaret de Vere (died 15 June 1398), by whom he had issue.
Matilda de Beaumont (died July 1367), married Hugh de Courtney.

Marriage and children
Sometime after 9 September 1359, Joan married Humphrey de Bohun , one of the most powerful noblemen in the kingdom. His titles included 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex, 2nd Earl of Northampton, and he was the hereditary Constable of England. He was the son of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere . The marriage produced two daughters, whom upon the death of their father, divided his vast estates between them:
Eleanor de Bohun (c.1360- 3 October 1399), co-heiress of her father. In 1376 she married Thomas of Woodstock , 1st Duke of Gloucester, the youngest son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault . The marriage produced five children, including Anne of Gloucester . Eleanor died as a nun at Barking Abbey.
Mary de Bohun (1369- 4 June 1394), co-heiress of her father. On 27 July 1380 she married Henry of Bolingbroke, who would later be crowned King Henry IV. She died before he ascended the throne. The marriage produced six chidren including King Henry V of England .

Execution of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter
In 1397, Joan's brother Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel and a Lord Appellant was executed on Tower Hill for his opposition to King Richard II of England . The king's half-brother John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter , Earl of Huntingdon accompanied him to the scaffold, as one of King Richard's representatives. Less than three years later in 1400, when Holland joined a conspiracy to murder the new king Henry IV, and was captured near Joan's principal residence Pleshy Castle in Essex , he was turned over to her for punishment. Described as having possessed a "stern character",[2] she showed him no mercy, and swiftly gave orders for his execution by decapitation , after summoning the children of her dead brother to witness the deed. Following the beheading, which was performed without benefit of a trial, she ordered that Holland's severed head be raised on the end of a pike, which was placed upon the battlements of Pleshy Castle.
Death
Lady Joan Fitzalan died on 7 April 1419 and was buried in Walden Abbey with her husband who had died in 1373.

Joan married Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, Earl of Essex & Northampton,204 son of Sir William de Bohun, K.G., 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere,. Humphrey was born in 1342, died on 16 Jan 1373 at age 31, and was buried in Walden Abbey, Essex, England.

Research Notes: 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex and 2nd Earl of Northampton.

From Wikipedia - Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford :

Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex and 2nd Earl of Northampton (1342 - 16 January 1373 ) was an important medieval English noble during the reign of King Edward III of England .

Lineage
He was the son of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton , and Elizabeth de Badlesmere . His paternal grandparents were Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan , daughter of King Edward I . His maternal grandparents were Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare . He was the last of this de Bohun line, but his titles should have been passed to his successor who was his second cousin.

Inheritance
On his death, his great estates were divided between his two surviving daughters: Mary de Bohun , who married Henry Bolingbroke, the future Henry IV and Eleanor de Bohun , who married Thomas of Woodstock . His third daughter, Elizabeth, had died young.

His wife and the mother of his daughters was Joan Fitzalan , daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster , whom he married after 9 September 1359.

These estates went to the husbands of the daughters of Humphrey even though there was a male heir alive in Hereford until 1381 - his name is Gilbert de Bohun - who married Margaret Wastney, great-granddaughter of Robert Fitzrobert, and they had a daughter called Joan who married Walter Weaver in 1362 and had male issue.

Henry IV was created Duke of Hereford before he usurped the throne.

(Duplicate Line. See Person 254)

318. Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of York 254 (Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne261, Sir Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel226, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel192, Isabella de Mortimer159, Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1350 and died on 19 Feb 1413 about age 63.

319. Alice FitzAlan 254 (Sir Richard "Copped Hat" FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Warenne261, Sir Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel226, Sir Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel192, Isabella de Mortimer159, Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1350 and died on 17 Mar 1416 at age 66.

Alice married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent. Another name for Thomas was Thomas Holand 2nd Earl of Kent.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Eleanor of Lancaster

320. Ralph de Neville 209 (John Neville262, Alice Audley227, Isolde de Mortimer193, Sir Edmund de Mortimer, 7th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore160, Roger de Mortimer, of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer137, Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn111, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1364 in <Castle Raby>, Raby With Keverstone, Durham, England, died on 21 Oct 1426 in Castle Raby, Raby With Keverstone, Durham, England at age 62, and was buried in Oct 1426 in Collegiate Church, Staindrop, Durham, England.

Ralph married someone.

His child was:

+ 368 M    i. John de Neville 209 was born about 1387 in <Raby, Durham>, England and died before 20 Mar 1420.

Ralph next married someone.

His child was:

+ 369 F    i. Catherine Neville .299

321. John ap Edward ap David, of Brynkynallt, co. Denbigh (Edwart Trevor ap Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam, of Bryncinallt263, Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel230, Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel, of Pen Gwern196, Iorwerth Voel ap Iorwerth Vychan163, Katherine verch Gruffydd ap Llywelyn140, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1)

John married Agnes Cambre, of Poole.

322. Richard-Trevor ap Edward ap David (Edwart Trevor ap Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam, of Bryncinallt263, Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel230, Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel, of Pen Gwern196, Iorwerth Voel ap Iorwerth Vychan163, Katherine verch Gruffydd ap Llywelyn140, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1)

323. Rose Trevor ferch Edwart ap Daffyd (Edwart Trevor ap Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam, of Bryncinallt263, Daffyd ap Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel230, Ednyfed Gam ap Iorwerth Voel, of Pen Gwern196, Iorwerth Voel ap Iorwerth Vychan163, Katherine verch Gruffydd ap Llywelyn140, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn114, Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd92, Marared ferch Madog ap Maredudd68, Madog ap Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Ruler of Powys51, Maredudd ap Bleddyn39, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn29, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1).

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 249-37

Rose married Otewell Worsley, of Calais about 1435. Otewell was born about 1435 and died on 24 Mar 1470 about age 35.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 249-37 (Rose Trevor ferch Edwart ap Daffyd)

324. Sir William Griffith, Lord of Penrhyn Castle, Chamberlain of North Wales 256 (Sir William Griffith, of Penrhyn, Chamberlain of North Wales268, Gwilym ap Gruffydd, Lord of Penrhyn231, Gruffydd ap Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan197, Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Heilen, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan164, Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd141, Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire120, Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1445 in Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, (Bangor), Caernarfonshire, (Gwynedd), Wales and died about 1539 in Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, (Bangor), Caernarfonshire, (Gwynedd), Wales about age 94. Other names for William were Sir William Griffith Hael (the Liberal), Sir William Gruffydd of Penrhyn and Chamberlain of North Wales.

Death Notes: At least one source says he died 1506 in Penrhyn, but according to the Reifsnyder-Gilliam Ancestry, he was still living in 1520 and "survived, however, for many years, or until about 1539-40..."

Research Notes: 2nd Chamberlain of North Wales

From Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700, Line 20-35 :
"JOAN TROUTBECK, b. 1459, m. (2) Sir William Griffith d. by 1509/10, of Penrhyn, co. Carnarvon, Chamberlain of North Wales, son of Fychan ap Gwilym and Alice Dalton, dau. of Sir Richard Dalton of co. Northampton. (Dwnn II: 167-168)."
---------

From Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, p. 57-58:

"VII. LADY JANE TROUTBECK, daughter of Sir William Troutbeck, married Sir William Griffith, Knight, of Penrhyn, in the county of Caernarvon, as appear of record in the Visitations of Lewis Dwnn, II, 154-5, Harl. MSS. No. 1424, fo. 135b., also MS. of the celebrated antiquary, Robert Vaughan, of Hengwrt, Known as the Hengwrt MS. 96, p. 603 (vide Montgomeryshire Collections, by the Powysland Club), vol XXV., page 98. The translation of this MS. is as follows:

'Wm. Vaughan (Vychan) Chamberlain of No. Wales (son of Gwilym ab Gruffydd ab Gwilym ab Gruffydd ab Heilen, by his 2d wife Sioned (Jonet) D. of Sir W. Stanley of Hooton, Chamberlain of No. Wales and Chester), and had all the land of his father, and the lands also of Paris, (from whom Paris Mountain), by his mother's influence, and in the 18th year of Henry VI. (1440) he got himself made a denizen of England, under covenant that he should not marry any Welsh woman, so he married Alice, dau. and heir of Sir Richard Dalton, kt., by a daughter of Lord Clifford, his wife. Their son, Sir william Griffith, Hael (the Liberal), m. Jane, dau. of Sir Wm. Troutbeck, Kt., by his wife, a sister to Sir Thomas Stanley.'

"Sir William Griffith must, therefore, have been born subsequent to the year 1440, and succeeded his father as Chamberlain of North Wales, some time after 10th of August , 1466, for his said father was alive upon the last mentioned day.

"He was created a Knight of the Bath 1489. The record therefore being as follows:

'These XXI. followinge were made Knightes of the Bathe at the Creation of Prince Arthur and of his Bayne on St. Andrew's Eve in anno quinto of the king'

"Sir William Griffith was living 12 Henry VIII., 1520, and was then Chamberlain of North Wales. He survived, however, for many years, or until about 1539-40; he is mentioned in the Welsh records as Captain or Constable of Caernarvon Castle, and he is remembered by antiquarians on account of the pains he took to collect and preserve the official archives and records and manuscripts relating to Wales. There are some fine verses extant addressed to him by the leading Bards of his day.

"The Griffiths of Penrhyn were the owners of immense estates in Caernarvonshire, and had their seat at Penrhyn Castle, which then was, and continues to be, one of the finest seates in the Principality. At the time of Henry VII., and Henry VIII., they reached a height of splendor and power second only, perhaps, in Wales, to the family of Sir Rhys ap Thomas, of Dynevor.

"Their entertainments at Penrhyn were magnificent, especially at those times when the King tarried there; their retainers, a small army, and their tenants, bound by feudal tenure, placed an armed force at their command, at all times ready for instant service in the field. He had Issue:

"VIII. SIR WILLIAM GRIFFITH..."

------

From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html):

"His son and heir by the first marriage, WILLIAM GRIFFITH (c. 1445-1505/6), is not always easy to distinguish from his father. He m. (1) Joan Troutbeck, widow of Sir William Butler of Bewsey, Ches.; her mother was Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas Stanley (c. 1406-1459), first baron Stanley; William Griffith was therefore nephew by marriage to Thomas, first earl of Derby (1435-1504) - another confirmation of the Stanley connection (Dwnn, Visitations, ii, 167; Penrhyn MSS. 12; D.N.B., liv., 76; Ormerod, Cheshire, ii, 42). In 1476 he is described as 'king's servant' and 'marshall of the King's Hall' (an office held by his father) in a grant to him by Edward IV of an annuity of £18 5s.; the annuity was renewed by Richard III in March 1484 (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1476-85, 18, 418). At Michaelmas 1483 he was appointed chamberlain of North Wales by Richard III; the appointment was confirmed by Henry VII within a month of Bosworth (Davies, Conway and Menai Ferries, 48; Owen , Manuscripts rel. to Wales in the Brit. Mus., ii, 147; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1485-94, 5). His record suggests that he followed very closely the lead of his kinsman, the time-serving earl of Derby, and a poem by Lewis Môn (q.v.) proves that immediately before Bosworth he shared with lord Strange, Derby's heir, his perilous imprisonment at Nottingham as hostage for his father's all-too-uncertain loyalty; presumably, he shared, too, the same narrow escape from death on the eve of the battle. Tudur Aled (q.v.) also refers, more obscurely, to this crisis in William Griffith's career. (Gairdner, Richard III, ed. 1898, 227-38; Mostyn MSS. 148, 467; Gwaith Tudur Aled, ed. T. Gwynn Jones , i, 143.) His influential connections were not confined to the Stanleys.

"He appears to have m., as his second wife, Elizabeth Grey, grand-daughter of Reginald, 3rd baron Grey of Ruthin (the enemy of Owain Glyndwr ) and first cousin to John Grey, lord Ferrers of Groby (1432-1461) who was the first husband of Elizabeth Woodville, later queen of Edward IV. (D.N.B., xxiii, 193, 197; Williams , Observations on the Snowdon Mountains, 1802, 174.) The marriage must have brought him into personal contact with the powerful Greys and Woodvilles and it would explain the presence of a William Griffith as member of Edward IV's council on 8 Aug. 1482. (Gairdner, op. cit., 338-9.)

"Under Henry VII he continued to hold the chamberlainship of North Wales until 1490 when he was replaced by Sir Richard Pole (Davies, Conway and Menai Ferries, 48, 68.) He was knighted when Arthur was created prince of Wales in 1489 and he continued to serve on a number of North Wales commissions. (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1485-94, 86, 354.) He d. 1505/6. (Penrhyn MSS. 44-5.) Among poets (qq.v.) who sang to him are Tudur Penllyn , Dafydd Pennant , Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn , Lewis Môn , and Tudur Aled . (Mostyn MSS. 148, 467, 504, 532, 535; Gwaith Tudur Aled, ed. T. Gwynn Jones , i, 142.)"

Noted events in his life were:

• Created: Knight of the Bath, 1489. From Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania by Charles H. Browning, Philadelphia, 1912, p. 286, "made a Knight of the Bath on St. Andrew's Eve, 1489, at the coronation of Prince Arthur, and of his Bayne,"...

William married Joan Troutbeck, daughter of Sir William Troutbeck, of Pyrns Castle in Worrill, Lord of Dunham and Margaret Stanley, in Caernarfon, Caernarfonshire, Wales. Joan was born about 1457 in Mobberly, Dunham, Cheshire, England and died from about 1485 to 1489 about age 28. Another name for Joan was Jane Troutbeck.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. abt 1459.

Death Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has d. abt 1485 thru 1489.

Research Notes: Source: http://www.varrall.net/pafg55.htm#1122 has b Dunham, Ches

Rootsweb(?) has b. c. 1457 Mobberly, Cheshire, Eng.

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 20-35 has "JOAN TROUTBECK, b. 1459, m. (2) Sir William Griffith d. by 1509/10, of Penrhyn, co. Carnarvon, Chamberlain of North Wales, son of Fychan ap Gwilym and Alice Dalton, dau. of Sir Richard Dalton of co. Northampton. (Dwnn II: 167-168)."

From the book Reifsnyder-Gillam Ancestry, edited by Thomas Allen Glenn (Philadelphia, 1902), provided by books.google.com, p. 57-58:

"VII. LADY JANE TROUTBECK, daughter of Sir William Troutbeck, married Sir William Griffith, Knight, of Penrhyn, in the county of Caernarvon, as appear of record in the Visitations of Lewis Dwnn, II, 154-5, Harl. MSS. No. 1424, fo. 135b., also MS. of the celebrated antiquary, Robert Vaughan, of Hengwrt, Known as the Hengwrt MS. 96, p. 603 (vide Montgomeryshire Collections, by the Powysland Club), vol XXV., page 98. The translation of this MS. is as follows:

'Wm. Vaughan (Vychan) Chamberlain of No. Wales (son of Gwilym ab Gruffydd ab Gullym ab Gruffydd ab Heilen, by his 2d wife Sioned (Jonet) D. of Sir W. Stanley of Hooton, Chamberlain of No. Wales and Chester), and had all the land of his father, and the lands also of Paris, (from whom Paris Mountain), by his mother's influence, and in the 18th year of Henry VI. (1440) he got himself made a denizen of England, under covenant that he should not marry any Welsh woman, so he married Alice, dau. and heir of Sir Richard Dalton, kt., by a daughter of Lord Clifford, his wife. Their son, Sir William Griffith, Hael (the Liberal), m. Jane, dau. of Sir Wm. Troutbeck, Kt., by his wife, a sister to Sir Thomas Stanley.'"

-------
From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :
"[Sir William Griffith] m. (1) Joan Troutbeck, widow of Sir William Butler of Bewsey, Ches.; her mother was Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas Stanley (c. 1406-1459), first baron Stanley; William Griffith was therefore nephew by marriage to Thomas, first earl of Derby (1435-1504) - another confirmation of the Stanley connection (Dwnn, Visitations, ii, 167; Penrhyn MSS. 12; D.N.B., liv., 76; Ormerod, Cheshire, ii, 42)."


Children from this marriage were:

+ 370 M    i. Sir William Griffith, Lord of Penrhyn, Chamberlain of North Wales 300 was born about 1480 in Penrhyn, <Llandegai, > Caernarfonshire, Wales and died in 1531 about age 51.

+ 371 M    ii. Edmund Griffith was born about 1480.

+ 372 F    iii. Alice Griffith was born about 1482 in Penrhyn Castle, Llandegai, (Bangor), Caernarfonshire, (Gwynedd), Wales.

William next married Elizabeth Grey 301 after 1489.

Marriage Notes: Second wife of Sir William Griffith (1445-1539)

Research Notes: From Welsh Biography Online (http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s1-GRIF-PEN-1300.html) :

"[Sir William Griffith] appears to have m., as his second wife, Elizabeth Grey, grand-daughter of Reginald, 3rd baron Grey of Ruthin (the enemy of Owain Glyndwr ) and first cousin to John Grey, lord Ferrers of Groby (1432-1461) who was the first husband of Elizabeth Woodville, later queen of Edward IV. (D.N.B., xxiii, 193, 197; Williams , Observations on the Snowdon Mountains, 1802, 174.) The marriage must have brought him into personal contact with the powerful Greys and Woodvilles and it would explain the presence of a William Griffith as member of Edward IV's council on 8 Aug. 1482. (Gairdner, op. cit., 338-9.)"

325. Janet Griffith (Sir William Griffith, of Penrhyn, Chamberlain of North Wales268, Gwilym ap Gruffydd, Lord of Penrhyn231, Gruffydd ap Gwilym, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan197, Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Heilen, Lord of Penrhyn and Cwchwillan164, Gwenhwyvar verch Jevan ap Gruffydd141, Jevan ap Gruffydd, of Englefield, Flintshire120, Gruffydd ap Madog Ddû ap Rhirid93, Madog Ddû ap Rhirid ap Llywelyn69, Rhirid ap Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn52, Llywelyn ap Owain ap Edwyn43, Morwyl ap Cynfyn31, Angharad verch Maredudd ap Owain24, Maredudd ap, King of Deheubarth19, Owain ap, King of Deheubarth12, Hywel Dda, King of Deheubarth7, Cadell ap, King of Seisyllwg2, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in <Penrhyn, Llandegai, Caernarfonshire, > Wales. Other names for Janet were Jonet verch William Griffith and Jonet vz William Griffith.

Research Notes: http://www.penrose.org/getperson.php?personID=I72045&tree=penrose

Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. II (London, 1882), p. 333

Janet married Sir Thomas Salusbury. Thomas died in 1505.

Research Notes: Source: The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher, and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen, and Meirionydd by J. Y. W. Lloyd, Vol. II (London, 1882), p. 333


Children from this marriage were:

+ 373 M    i. John Salusbury, Chamberlain of North Wales

+ 374 M    ii. Sir Roger Salusbury was buried in Eglwys Wen, Denbigh, Wales.

+ 375 M    iii. Ffoulke Salusbury, Dean of St. Asaph died after 1532 and was buried in Eglwys Wen, Denbigh, Wales.

+ 376 M    iv. Thomas Salusbury, of Flint

326. James Botiller, 2nd Earl of Ormond (Eleanor de Bohun269, Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex235, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex199, Humphrey VI de Bohun165, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 4 Oct 1331 in Kilkenny, Ireland and died in 1382 at age 51. Another name for James was James Butler 2nd Earl of Ormond.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 7-31

James married Elizabeth Darcy, daughter of Sir John Darcy, of Knaith and Joan de Burgh, about 1346. Elizabeth died 24 Mar 1389 or 1390. Another name for Elizabeth was Anne Darcy.

Research Notes: Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall, Baltimore, 2008, Line 7-31 (James Botiller) - m. (disp. 15 May 1346)


The child from this marriage was:

+ 377 M    i. James Botiller, 3rd Earl of Ormond was born after 1361 and died in Sep 1405.

327. Petronilla Botiller 258 (Eleanor de Bohun269, Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex235, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex199, Humphrey VI de Bohun165, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1332 in Ormonde Castle, Tipperary, Ireland and died on 23 Apr 1386 in Hereford, Herefordshire, England about age 54. Other names for Petronilla were Pernel Butler, Petronella Butler, and Petronilla Butler.

Noted events in her life were:

• Living: 28 May 1365.

Petronilla married Gilbert Talbot, 3rd Lord Talbot 302 on 8 Sep 1352. Gilbert was born about 1332 in Goodrich Castle, Herefordshire, England and died on 24 Apr 1387 in Roales, Valladolid, Castilla-Leon, Spain about age 55. Another name for Gilbert was Lord Gilbert de Talbot.

Noted events in his life were:

• Member of Parliament: 1362.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 378 M    i. Sir Richard Talbot, Lord Talbot 303 was born about 1361 in Castle Blackmere, Cornwall, England and died about 7 Sep 1396 about age 35.

+ 379 F    ii. Mary Talbot 304 died on 13 Apr 1434.

328. Margaret Courtenay 127 (Margaret de Bohun273, Humphrey VIII de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford & 3rd Earl of Essex235, Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford & 2nd Earl of Essex199, Humphrey VI de Bohun165, Humphrey V de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, 7th Earl of Essex144, Henry de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford122, Humphrey IV de Bohun, Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford96, Margaret, of Hereford73, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1326 in <Exeter, Devonshire>, England, died on 2 Aug 1385 about age 59, and was buried on 2 Aug 1385 in Cobham, Kent, England.

Margaret married John de Cobham,265 son of John de Cobham and Joan Beauchamp, between 1332 and 1334 in Cobham, Kent, England. John was born about 1321 in <Cobham, Kent>, England, died on 10 Jan 1407 in Cobham, Kent, England about age 86, and was buried in Grey Friars, London, Middlesex, England.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 380 F    i. Joan de Cobham 265 was born about 1340 in <Cobham, Kent>, England, died about 1388 in Chrishall, Essex, England about age 48, and was buried in Chrishall, Essex, England.

329. Henry Beaumont, 3rd Lord Beaumont (Eleanor, of Lancaster282, Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester236, Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1340.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Eleanor of Lancaster

330. Matilda Beaumont (Eleanor, of Lancaster282, Maud de Chaworth, Countess of Lancaster & Countess of Leicester236, Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) died in Jul 1467.

Research Notes: Source: Wikipedia - Eleanor of Lancaster

331. Philip Le Despenser, of Camoys Manor, Toppesfield, Essex (Philip Le Despenser, of Stoke, Gloucestershire284, Sir Hugh le Despenser, Baron Despenser237, Isabella de Beauchamp201, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born on 6 Apr 1313 in Goxhill, Lincolnshire, England and died on 23 Aug 1349 at age 36.

Philip married Joan de Cobham,128 daughter of John de Cobham and Joan Beauchamp,. Joan was born about 1316 in <Cobham>, Kent, England and died before 13 May 1357. Another name for Joan was Joan Lestrange de Cobham.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 381 M    i. Philip Le Despenser, of Gedney, Lincolnshire 224 was born on 18 Oct 1342 in <Gedney, Lincolnshire>, England, was christened on 18 Oct 1342 in Gedney, Lincolnshire, England, and died on 4 Aug 1401 in Goxhill, Lincolnshire, England at age 58.

332. Baron Thomas de Clifford 261 (Maud de Beauchamp286, Thomas de Beauchamp239, Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick203, William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick168, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born in 1363 in Brough Castle, Under Stainmoor Brough, Westmorland, England and died on 18 Aug 1391 in Clifford Castle, Clifford, Hereford, England at age 28.

Research Notes: 6th Baron de Clifford

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=mjr6387&id=I70289

OCCUPATION: Lord Clifford, Sheriff of Westmoreland, Governor of Carlisle Castle.Thomas de Cl ifford d. abroad 15th Richard II [1392], leaving by Elizabeth his wife, dau. of Thomas, Lor d Ros of Hamlake, an only son and heir, John de Clifford, Lord Clifford and Westmoreland. [Si r Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., Lon don, England, 1883, p. 123, Clifford, Earls of Cumberland and Barons Clifford]

Also Wikipedia "Baron de Clifford"

Thomas married someone.

His child was:

+ 382 M    i. John Clifford 128 was born about 1388 in <Appleby>, Westmoreland, England, was christened on 23 Apr 1389, died on 13 Mar 1422 in Meaux, Seine-et-Marne, France about age 34, and was buried in Friars Minor, Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

333. Sir John Penyston 227 (Isabel Beauchamp287, Sir John de Beauchamp, Baron Kidderminster, Justice of North Wales240, Richard Beauchamp204, John De Beauchamp169, William de Beauchamp, 5th Baron Beauchamp145, Walter de Beauchamp, of Elmley, Worcestershire123, Bertha de Braose97, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1385 in <Chesham Bois>, Buckinghamshire, England and died about 1390 in England about age 5. Another name for John was Sir John Peniston.

John married Elinor Chesham,227 daughter of Sir John Chesham and Alice Brewes,. Elinor was born in 1394 in Chesham Bois, Buckinghamshire, England and died in 1427 in Hawridge, Buckinghamshire, England at age 33.

The child from this marriage was:

+ 383 M    i. Sir Richard Peniston 227 was born in 1424 in Hawridge, Buckinghamshire, England and died in 1465 in Hawridge, Buckinghamshire, England at age 41.

334. Isabella de Lathom 264 (Sir Thomas de Lathom, of Lathom, Lancashire288, Eleanor de Ferrers241, Hawise de Muscegros, of Charlton205, Agnes de Ferrers170, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1364 and died on 26 Oct 1414 about age 50. Other names for Isabella were Isabel Latham, Isabel Lathom, and Isabel de Lathom.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. abt 1364

Death Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has d. 26 Oct 1414

Research Notes: www.whitneygen.org/archives/biography/princewm.html

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 37-34. Daughter of Sir Thomas de Lathom, probably by his first wife. His second wife was Joan.
---
Note from http://cybergata.com/roots/480.htm :
Topographica et Genealogica VII (1841), p. 20, chart, shows Thomas married to Johanna, daughter of Hugh Venables, Baron of Kinderton, and sister of Hugh Venables, Sheriff of Cheshire. Isabel de Lathom married Sir John Stanley, Knight of the Garter.

Isabella married Sir John de Stanley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and Lord of Man,305 son of William de Stanleigh, Lord of Stanleigh and Storeton and Cecily Congleton, in or bef 1385. John was born about 1340 in Stanley, Staffordshire, England, died on 6 Jan 1414 in Ardee, Dublin, Ireland about age 74, and was buried in Jan 1414 in Burscough Priory near Ormskirk, Lancashire, England. Another name for John was John I Stanley Lord Lieutenant of Ireland & King of Mann.

Birth Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has b. abt 1356.

http://stanleyroots.co.uk/thenorthwest.htm has b. 1340, d. 1414

Death Notes: Glenda Turcks http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=DESC&db=nanatea&id=I33919 has d. 6 Jan 1414 or 1415

http://stanleyroots.co.uk/thenorthwest.htm has b. 1340, d. 1414.

Burial Notes: Died in Ireland. His body was returned to Lathom (England) and buried in Burscough Priory near Ormskirk.

Research Notes: From Wikipedia - John II Stanley of the Isle of Man :

Sir John Stanley, K.G. (c. 1350 - 1414 ), was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and titular King of Mann , the first of that name. The Stanley family later became the Earls of Derby and remained prominent in English history into modern times.

In 1405 he was granted the tenure of the Isle of Man by Henry IV , which had been confiscated from the rebellious Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland .
He held the following offices:-
Lord Deputy of Ireland between 1386 and 1388.1
Justiciary Ireland between 1389 and 1391.
Justice of Chester in 1394
Controller of the Royal Household in 1399
Lieutenant of Ireland between 1399 and 1401
Steward of the Household to the Prince of Wales circa 1403, later King Henry V
Surveyor of the Forests of Macclesfield , Mare and Mondrem, Cheshire in 1403
Governor of the City and County of Cheshire in 1403
He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) circa 1405
Steward of Macclesfield in 1406
He was granted the Isle, Castle, peel and Lordship of Mann, by King Henry IV of England
Sovereign Lord of the Isle of Man in 1406
Constable of Windsor Castle in 1409
Lieutenant of Ireland between 1413 and 1419

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From The Baronetage of England, p. 206:
"William, his son, lord of Stanley, &c. living 26 Edw. III, married Alicia, daughter of Hugh Massey, de Timperly, sister to Sir Hamond Massey, Knt. and had issue by her William de Stanley, lord of Stanley, &c. living 10 Rich. II. Henry, Matildes, and John... John, the younger brother of William aforesaid, married Isabella, daughter and heir of Thomas de Leatham, Knt. (lord of Leatham in Lancashire); from whence are descended the earls of Derby, who have so worthily exerted themselves for their King and country, as is evident in the history of England."
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From http://stanleyroots.co.uk/thenorthwest.htm

"William the Elder's younger brother Sir John de Stanleigh (1340-1414) may also have had other 'younger' sons such as Robert Stanley of Cheshire (see Peter E. Stanley's 'House of Stanley' p.501 & 505), who in 1398 was granted land in Surrey (Patent Rolls). In 1413, the king's esquire Robert de Stanley was granted £20 from customs in the port of London, by Henry V; he was on the Agincourt campaign in 1415, and was again mentioned in letters patent in 1422 (Patent Rolls)..."


"The Stanleys of Lathom and Knowsley in Lancashire
The landowning Stanleys of Stanley in Staffordshire and Stourton in Cheshire established a branch in Lancashire after 1400. In 1385 Sir John de Stanleigh (1340-1414) married the heiress Isabel de Lathom, bringing into his possession in 1406 the estates of Lathom and Knowsley in Lancashire. Having served in Ireland, Sir John was created Ruler of the Isle of Man in 1405. It was his great-grandson, Sir Thomas Stanley, who was created 1st Earl of Derby in 1485, for his famous assistance to Henry Tudor at the Battle of Bosworth."
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From Manx Note Book
http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/people/lords/john1.htm

"Sir John was second son of William Stanley of Storeton, Master Forester of Wirral - he was a soldier with an exceptional military record and confident of Richard II who had appointed him deputy to Robert de Vere Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He married Isabel of Lathom, in 1385, when he was 40 and, due to unexpected deaths of various closer heirs, received from her large estates in southwest Lancashire and Cheshire.

"The Stanleys were adroit at joining the winning side and thus in 1399 he had joined Henry of Lancaster against Richard and, after Henry was crowned King, received several more estates in Cheshire.

"In 1405 he was granted the Lordship of Man in return for his help in suppressing the rebellion in Wales led by the Percies. Legally this was not yet Henry's to give as the current Lord, Henry de Percy, had not yet been attainted - he actually had avoided being at Shrewsbury due to illness and managed to apologise his way out, saving his head but still losing the Island!. This legal error was to cause much trouble during the disputed inheritance of 1594 and the Island was re-assigned to the Stanleys in 1610.
"Initially the grant of the Lordship was for his lifetime only, but in 1406 on payment of 1,300 marks (1 mark = 13s 4d - or for those younger than 40 £0.67) Henry granted it for posterity throwing in the captaincy of Castle Rushen , patronage of the bishropric of Sodor and Man as well as the various royalties etc. then worth some £400 per year for good measure!
"In 1408 he was sent, as Lord Lieutanant, back to Ireland where he died in 1414. His body was returned to Lathom and buried in Burscough Priory near Ormskirk."
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From http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/people/lords/stanleys.htm
"A brief biography, concentrating on their role in Manx affairs, is given under their separate headings; however Robertson in his Tour of 1794 makes the following, rather typical, comment concerning the Stanleys:

"'it may not be improper to observe, that their personal history, except in a few instances, is unconnected with the public transactions of the Island. Being Subjects of England, they generally resided in that country; and so long as their Lieutenants remitted the revenues of the kingdom,they supinely acquiesced in their administration. For more than three centuries this family enjoyed the regal government of Man; yet in so long a period few of them possessed the ambition or generosity to visit their subjects: and when they conferred this honour, either their interests in the Island were threatened, or their personal safety in England endangered.'

"There is a fair amount of truth in this - the Island would appear to have contributed around 20 to 25% of the Derby revenues (figures averaged from those quoted by Coward) and any political activity required them to remain either in London or more usually their Lancashire stronghold."
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From Manx Note Book
http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/fulltext/hist1900/ch21.htm:

Sir John Stanley, K.G. (b. 1350? d. 1414), 1 the first of the Stanley family who ruled in Man, does not seem to have visited the island. Sir John, who in his youth had served in Aquitaine, held important posts in Ireland between 1386 and 1391, and on the Welsh and Scottish borders. We have already seen 2 how his services to Henry IV. in 1405 were rewarded. In 1409, he was made Constable of Windsor, and Henry V. sent him, in 1413, to govern Ireland, where he died in the following year. His eldest son, John (d. 1432?),3 by Isabel, daughter of Sir Thomas Latham, visited Man in his father's lifetime, when the " Barrons of Man " and the " worthiest Men and Commons " did " faith and fealtie " to him as " Heyre Apparent."4

Footnotes
1 The information about the Stanleys is taken, for the most part, from Seacome, the family historian, and the Dictionary of National Biography.
2 P. 197.
3 This is the date given by Seacome (edition of 1821, p. 41), but the Dict. of Nat. Biog. (quoting Ormerod, ii. 412; and Collins, Ed. Brydges, iii. 54) gives it as 1437.
4 Statutes, vol. i. p. 4
In 1408, some question seems to have arisen with regard to a claim made on behalf of Stephen, " heir of William Lestroppe his brother, formerly Lord of Man," against which the bishop, abbot, and clergy protested, but nothing is known of the result (Add. Chart. Manx Soc., vol. vii. pp. 247-50 ).


Noted events in his life were:

• Made: Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 1385.

• Made: Lord of Man by Henry IV, 1405. in return for his help in suppressing the Percy Rebellion in Wales, although it was not technically Henry's to give.

• Sent to Ireland: as Lord Lieutenant, 1408.

Children from this marriage were:

+ 384 M    i. Sir John de Stanley, King & Lord of the Isle of Man and the Isles, K.G. 306 was born in 1390 in <Lathom, Lancashire>, England and died on 27 Nov 1437 in Anglesey, Wales at age 47.

+ 385 M    ii. Henry Stanley was born about 1391.

+ 386 M    iii. Thomas Stanley was born about 1392 and died about 1463 about age 71.

+ 387 M    iv. Ralph Stanley was born about 1393.

+ 388 F    v. Margaret Stanley was born about 1395.

335. Joan de Cobham 128 (Joan Beauchamp291, John de Beauchamp243, Cecilia de Vivonne208, Matilda de Ferrers173, Sir William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby146, William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby125, Sibyl de Braose98, Bertha de Pitres, of Hereford74, Sibyl de Neufmarché58, Nesta46, Nest verch Gruffydd33, Gruffydd I ap Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales26, Llywelyn ap Seisyll, Prince of N Wales, King of Deheubarth & Gwynedd21, Prawst verch Elise14, Elise ap9, Anarawd ap, King of Gwynedd and Powys3, Rhodri Mawr ap, King of Gwynedd & Powys & Seisyllwg1) was born about 1316 in <Cobham>, Kent, England and died before 13 May 1357. Another name for Joan was Joan Lestrange de Cobham.

Joan married Philip Le Despenser, of Camoys Manor, Toppesfield, Essex,</