The Johnson-Wallace & Fish-Kirk Families




Agricola Consul of Rome




Husband Agricola Consul of Rome 1

           Born: Abt 375 - Rome, Latium, (Italy)
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Marcus Maecilius Avitus of Rome 2

           Born: Abt 400 - Rome, Latium, (Italy)
     Christened: 
           Died: Oct 456
         Buried: 





Chilperic II King of the Burgundians and Agrippine de Bourgogne




Husband Chilperic II King of the Burgundians 3 4

            AKA: Chilperic King of Burgundy
           Born: Abt 450 - <Burgundy, (France)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 493
         Buried: 


         Father: Gondioc King of the Burgundians (Abt 0420-0473) 5 6
         Mother: < > [Sister of Ricimer] (      -      ) 7


       Marriage: 

   Other Spouse: Caretena (      -0493) 4



Wife Agrippine de Bourgogne 8

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F Chroma of the Burgundians 9

           Born:  - <Burgundy, (France)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Cloderic "the Parricide" King of Cologne (      -Abt 0509) 10 11 12




Death Notes: Husband - Chilperic II King of the Burgundians

Assassinated by Gundobad


Research Notes: Husband - Chilperic II King of the Burgundians

From Wikipedia - Chilperic II of Burgundy :

Chilperic II (c. 450 - 493) was the King of Burgundy from 473 until his death, though initially co-ruler with his father from 463. He began his reign in 473 after the partition of Burgundy with his brothers Godegisel , Godomar , and Gundobad ; he ruled from Valence and his brothers ruled respectively from Geneva , Vienne , and Lyon . They were all sons of Gundioch . Sometime in the early 470s Chilperic was forced to submit to the authority of the Roman Empire by the magister militum Ecdicius Avitus .

In 475 he probably sheltered an exiled Ecdicius after the Visigoths had obtained possession of the Auvergne . After his brother Gundobad had removed his other brother Godomar (Gundomar) in 486, he turned on Chilperic. In 493 Gundobad assassinated Chilperic and drowned his wife, Caretena, then exiled their two daughters, Chroma and Clotilda . Chroma became a nun and Clotilda fled to her uncle, Godegisel. When the Frankish king, Clovis I , requested the latter's hand in marriage, Gundobad was unable to decline. Clovis and Godegisel allied against Gundobad in a long, drawn out civil war. 3 4


Aimon I Count of Vienne and Bertha Countess of Flanders




Husband Aimon I Count of Vienne 13

           Born: Abt 985 - <Geneva, Switzerland>
     Christened: 
           Died: 1016
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Bertha Countess of Flanders 13

           Born: Abt 987 - <Flanders (Belgium)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Baldwin III Count of Flanders (Abt 0915-0962) 14 15 16 17
         Mother: Mathilde of Saxony (Abt 0921-1008) 13




Children
1 M Gérold of Geneva 13 18

            AKA: Gerold Count of Geneva
           Born: Abt 1012 - <Geneva, Switzerland>
     Christened: 
           Died: by 1080
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Gisele (Abt 1020-      ) 13 18




Research Notes: Child - Gérold of Geneva

Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 274A-23 (Amadeus II) 13 18


Alan Lord of Galloway and Helen de L'Isle




Husband Alan Lord of Galloway 13

            AKA: Alan de Galloway
           Born: Abt 1186 - <Galloway, Wigtownshire, Scotland>
     Christened: 
           Died: 1234
         Buried:  - Abbey of Dundrennan, Kirkcudbright, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland


         Father: Roland Lord of Galloway (Abt 1164-1200) 13 19
         Mother: Elena de Morville (Abt 1172-1217) 13 20


       Marriage: Abt 1205 - Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland

   Other Spouse: Margaret of Huntingdon (      -1201) 21 - 1209

   Other Spouse: < > (      -      ) 22 - 1228

Events

• Constable of Scotland: 1215-1234.

• Named: in the Magna Charta.




Wife Helen de L'Isle 13 23

            AKA: Helen de l'Isle
           Born: Abt 1174 - <Galloway, Wigtownshire, Scotland>
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1212
         Buried: 


         Father: Reginald Lord of the Isles (Abt 1148-1207) 13 23
         Mother: Fonia of Moray (Abt 1145-      ) 13




Children
1 F Helen of Galloway 13 24

            AKA: Elena of Galloway
           Born: Abt 1208 - <Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland>
     Christened: 
           Died: 21 Nov 1245 - England
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Roger de Quincy 2nd Earl of Winchester (Abt 1174-1264) 13 25 26 27




Research Notes: Husband - Alan Lord of Galloway

Per Ancestral Roots, "A descendant of the English and Scottish Kings." 13


Research Notes: Wife - Helen de L'Isle

Said to be a daughter of Reginald, Lord of the Isles 13 23


Research Notes: Child - Helen of Galloway

First wife of Roger de Quincy. 13 24


Alan Lord of Galloway and Margaret of Huntingdon




Husband Alan Lord of Galloway 13

            AKA: Alan de Galloway
           Born: Abt 1186 - <Galloway, Wigtownshire, Scotland>
     Christened: 
           Died: 1234
         Buried:  - Abbey of Dundrennan, Kirkcudbright, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland


         Father: Roland Lord of Galloway (Abt 1164-1200) 13 19
         Mother: Elena de Morville (Abt 1172-1217) 13 20


       Marriage: 1209

   Other Spouse: Helen de L'Isle (Abt 1174-Abt 1212) 13 23 - Abt 1205 - Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland

   Other Spouse: < > (      -      ) 22 - 1228

Events

• Constable of Scotland: 1215-1234.

• Named: in the Magna Charta.




Wife Margaret of Huntingdon 21

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 1201
         Buried: 


         Father: Henry of Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland & Huntingdon (1114-1152) 28 29
         Mother: Ada de Warenne (      -Abt 1178) 29 30 31



   Other Spouse: Humphrey IV de Bohun Baron de Bohun, Lord of Hereford (      -Abt 1182) 32 33 - 1175


Children

Research Notes: Husband - Alan Lord of Galloway

Per Ancestral Roots, "A descendant of the English and Scottish Kings." 13


Research Notes: Wife - Margaret of Huntingdon

Second wife of Alan, Lord of Galloway. 21


Alan Count of Brittany




Husband Alan Count of Brittany 13

           Born: Abt 1000 - <Bretagne, (France)>
     Christened: 
           Died: 1046
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


Children
1 F Emma de Brittany 13

           Born: Abt 1034 - Brittany, (France)
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 1094
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Robert de Brusse (Abt 1036-Between 1080/1098) 13





Alaric I de Thuringia and Galla Placidia of Cauca




Husband Alaric I de Thuringia 34

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 
       Marriage: 



Wife Galla Placidia of Cauca 35 36




           Born: Abt 388
     Christened: 
           Died: 27 Nov 450


         Buried:  - Ravenna, (Italy)


         Father: Theodosius of Cauca (0346-      ) 37
         Mother: Galla Juntina Valentina of Rome (0395-      ) 38




Children
1 F Basina de Thuringia 39 40

           Born: 398 - Thuringia, (Germany)
     Christened: 
           Died: Abt 414 - France
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Clodio King of the Salic Franks [Legendary] (Abt 0395-0447) 41 42 43




Research Notes: Wife - Galla Placidia of Cauca

From Wikipedia - Galla Placidia :

Aelia Galla Placidia (c. 388 - November 27 , 450 ) was the daughter of Roman Emperor Theodosius I and his second wife Galla , who herself was daughter of the Emperor Valentinian I , Galla Placidia was half sister of emperors Honorius and Arcadius .

She had spent much time in the household of Stilicho the Vandal and his wife Serena . Stilicho was effectively the military steward of the West, and according to himself also of the East. He was executed by Honorius, however, in 408 causing most of the non-Italians in Roman service to go over to Visigoth chieftain Alaric I - who promptly invaded Italy.
In either 409 or 410, during Alaric 's siege of Rome , Galla became the captive of the Visigoths, who kept her with them as they sacked Rome (for three days beginning August 24 , 410 ), then wandered through Italy where Alaric died in the same year, and later Gaul .

She married Athaulf , brother-in-law of Alaric, and king of the Visigoths after Alaric's death, at Narbo in January 414 , although the historian Jordanes states that they married earlier, in 411 at Forum Livii (Forlì ). Jordanes's date may actually be when she and the Gothic king first became more than captor and captive. She had a son, Theodosius, by the Visigothic king, but he died in infancy and was buried in Barcelona . Years later the corpse was exhumed and reburied in the imperial mausoleum in Saint Peter's Basilica , Rome. Athaulf was mortally wounded by a servant of a Gothic chieftain he had slain, and before dying in the late summer of 415 , instructed his brother to return Galla to the Romans. It was the Gothic King Wallia who traded her to the Romans in return for a treaty and supplies early in 416 .

Her brother Honorius forced her into marriage to the Roman Constantius in January of 417 . They had a son who became Valentinian III , and a rather more strong-willed daughter, Justa Grata Honoria . Constantius became emperor in 421 , but died shortly afterwards. Galla herself, the former Augusta, was however forced from the Western empire. Whatever the politics or motivations, the public issue was increasingly scandalous public sexual caresses from her own brother Honorius. She left with her young children to find refuge at Constantinople . After Honorius died in 423 , and after the suppression of Joannes despite his ally Aëtius ' attempt to raise troops to his aid, her son Valentinian was elevated as Emperor in Rome in 425 .

At first she attempted to rule in her son's name, but as the generals loyal to her one by one either died or defected to Aëtius, imperial policy came to rest in his hands by the time he was made patrician. Placidia apparently was the one who made peace with Aetius - he later was pivotal to the defense of the Western Empire against Attila the Hun - who was diverted from his focus on Constantinople towards Italy as his target due to a foolish letter from Placidia's own daughter, Justa Grata Honoria , in spring 450 , asking him to rescue her from an unwanted marriage to a senator that the Imperial family, including Placidia, was trying to force on her. Placidia's last notable public act was to convince her son Valentinian III to exile rather than kill Honoria for this. She died shortly afterwards at Rome in November 450, and did not live to see Attila ravage Italy in 451 -453 in a much more brutal campaign than the Goths had waged, using Justa's letter as their sole "legitimate" excuse.

Throughout her life Galla remained a devout Catholic , and in her later years endowed or enriched several churches in Ravenna . Her Mausoleum in Ravenna was one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites inscribed in 1996 . 35 36



Alaric II King of the Visigoths and Theodegotha




Husband Alaric II King of the Visigoths 44 45

            AKA: Alarich, Alarik
           Born: Abt 470 - Italy
     Christened: 
           Died: 507
         Buried: 


         Father: Euric King of the Visigoths (Abt 0415-0484) 46 47
         Mother: 


       Marriage: 494

Events

• King of the Visigoths: 484-507.




Wife Theodegotha 48

            AKA: Theodegotho
           Born: Abt 473
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 


         Father: Theodoric King of the Ostrogoths (Abt 0454-0526) 49 50
         Mother: < > of Moesia [Concubine of Theodoric] (      -      ) 50




Children
1 M Amalaric King of the Visigoths 51 52

            AKA: Amalarico King of the Visigoths
           Born: Abt 502 - Ravenna, Italy
     Christened: 
           Died: 531 - Barcelona, (Spain)
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Clotilda Princess of the Franks (0497-0531) 53 54
           Marr: 511




Research Notes: Husband - Alaric II King of the Visigoths

From Wikipedia - Alaric II :

Alaric II, also known as Alarik, Alarich, and Alarico in Spanish and Portuguese or Alaricus in Latin (d. 507) succeeded his father Euric in 485 and became eighth king of the Visigoths . He established his capital at Aire-sur-l'Adour (Vicus Julii). His dominions included not only the whole of Hispania except its north-western corner but also Gallia Aquitania and the greater part of an as-yet undivided Gallia Narbonensis .

Reign
In 486 Alaric II denied refuge to Afranius Syagrius , the former ruler of the Domain of Soissons who was defeated by Clovis I . Alarmed by a summons from Clovis, Alaric imprisoned and repatriated Syagrius back to Clovis I, where he was beheaded.


In 506, the Visigoths captured the city of Dertosa in the Ebro valley . There they captured the Roman usurper Peter and had him executed.

In religion Alaric was an Arian , like all the early Visigothic nobles, but he greatly mitigated the persecuting policy of his father Euric toward the Catholics and authorized them to hold in 506 the council of Agde . He was on uneasy terms with the Catholic bishops of Arles as epitomized in the career of the Frankish Caesarius, bishop of Arles , born at Châlons and appointed bishop in 503. Caesarius was suspected of conspiring with the Burgundians to turn over the Arelate to Burgundy, whose king had married the sister of Clovis , so Alaric exiled him for a year safely at Bordeaux in Aquitania before allowing him to return unharmed when the crisis had passed (Wace, Dictionary ).

He displayed similar wisdom and liberality in political affairs by appointing a commission to prepare an abstract of the Roman laws and imperial decrees, which should form the authoritative code for his Roman subjects. This is generally known as the Breviarium Alaricianum or Breviary of Alaric .

Battle of Vouillé and aftermath

Alaric endeavoured strictly to maintain the treaty which his father had concluded with the Franks . The Frankish king Clovis I , however, desired to obtain the Gothic province in Gaul and he found a pretext for war in the Arianism of Alaric. The intervention of Theodoric , king of the Ostrogoths and father-in-law of Alaric, proved unavailing. The two armies met in 507 at the Battle of Vouillé , near Poitiers, where the Goths were defeated and their king, who took to flight, was overtaken and slain, it is said, by Clovis himself. As a consequence of their defeat the Visigoths lost all their possessions in Gaul to the Franks, except Septimania (i.e. the western region of Gallia Narbonensis, which includes the contemporary Arles and the Provence ). Alaric was succeeded by his illegitimate son, Gesalec , because his legitimate son Amalaric was still a child. 44 45


Research Notes: Wife - Theodegotha

48


Death Notes: Child - Amalaric King of the Visigoths

Assassinated by his own troops


Research Notes: Child - Amalaric King of the Visigoths

From Wikipedia - Amalaric :

Amalaric, or in Spanish and Portuguese , Amalarico, (502[1] - 531) was a son of king Alaric II and of Theodegotho, daughter of Theodoric the Great and his first wife. Amalaric was himself king of the Visigoths from 526 till he was assassinated in 531.

He was a child when his father fell in battle against Clovis I , king of the Franks , in 507. Gesalec was chosen king and the child Amalaric was carried for safety into Hispania . After Gesalec was killed in 511, the country and Provence was thenceforth ruled by Amalaric's maternal grandfather, Theodoric the Ostrogoth, acting through his vice regent, Theudis , an Ostrogothic nobleman. In 522 the young Amalaric was proclaimed king, and four years later, on Theodoric's death, he assumed full royal power in Hispania and that part of Languedoc called Septimania , relinquishing Provence to his cousin Athalaric . He married Chrotilda , daughter of Clovis I ; but his disputes with her, he being an Arian and she a Catholic , brought on him the penalty of a Frankish invasion by Childebert I , king of Paris . Amalaric was defeated at Narbonne in 531 and retreated behind the walls of Barcelona , where he was assassinated by his own troops.[1] 51 52



Sir Richard FitzAlan 8th Earl of Arundel and Alasia di Saluzzo




Husband Sir Richard FitzAlan 8th Earl of Arundel 55 56

           Born: 3 Feb 1266-1207
     Christened: 
           Died: 9 Mar 1302
         Buried: 


         Father: John FitzAlan Lord of Clun and Oswestry (1246-1271/1302) 57 58
         Mother: Isabella de Mortimer (      -Bef 1292) 13 59


       Marriage: Bef 1285



Wife Alasia di Saluzzo 60

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 25 Sep 1292
         Buried: 


         Father: Thomas I di Saluzzo, Marquis of Saluzzo (      -      ) 60
         Mother: Luisa di Ceva (      -      ) 60




Children
1 M Sir Edmund FitzAlan 9th Earl of Arundel 61 62

            AKA: Edmund FitzAlan d'Arundel, Sir Edmund FitzAlan d'Arundel
           Born: 1 May 1285
     Christened: 
           Died: 17 Nov 1326 - Hereford, Herefordshire, England
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Alice de Warenne (      -Bef 1338) 63
           Marr: 1305




Research Notes: Husband - Sir Richard FitzAlan 8th Earl of Arundel

From Wikipedia - Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel :

Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel (7th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots) (February 3 1266/7 - March 9 1301/2 ) was an English Norman medieval nobleman.

Lineage
He was the son of John FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel (6th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots) and Isabella Mortimer, daughter of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore and Maud de Braose . His paternal grandparents were John Fitzalan, 6th Earl of Arundel and Maud le Botiller.

Titles
Richard was feudal Lord of Clun and Oswestry in the Welsh Marches . After attaining his majority in 1289 he became the 8th Earl of Arundel , by being summoned to Parliament by a writ directed to the Earl of Arundel.

Knighted by King Edward I
He was knighted by King Edward I of England in 1289.

Fought in Wales, Gascony & Scotland
He fought in the Welsh wars, 1288 to 1294, when the Welsh castle of Castell y Bere (near modern day Towyn ) was besieged by Madog ap Llywelyn . He commanded the force sent to relieve the siege and he also took part in many other campaigns in Wales ; also in Gascony 1295-97; and furthermore in the Scottish wars, 1298-1300.

Marriage & Issue
He married sometime before 1285, Alice of Saluzzo (also known as Alesia di Saluzzo), daughter of Thomas I of Saluzzo in Italy.
Their children were:
Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel .
John, a priest
Alice FitzAlan , married Stephen de Segrave, 3rd Lord Segrave
Margaret FitzAlan , married William le Botiller (or Butler)
Conjecture:
Eleanor FitzAlan , married Henry de Percy, 1st Baron Percy

References
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 16B-29, 28-31, 77-31, 77-32 55 56


Death Notes: Child - Sir Edmund FitzAlan 9th Earl of Arundel

Beheaded


Research Notes: Child - Sir Edmund FitzAlan 9th Earl of Arundel

From Wikipedia - Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel :

Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel (8th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots) (1 May 1285 - 17 November 1326).

Lineage
Born in the Castle of Marlborough in Wiltshire . He was the son of Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl of Arundel (7th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots) and Alice of Saluzzo (also known as Alesia di Saluzzo), daughter of Thomas I of Saluzzo in Italy . He succeeded to his father's estates and titles on his death in 1302.

Prominent Nobleman
Edmund was an English nobleman prominent in the contention between Edward II and his Barons and second de facto Earl of Arundel of the FitzAlan line.
He was summoned to Parliament, 9 November 1306, as Earl of Arundel , and took part in the Scottish wars of that year.

Coronation duty
Arundel bore the Royal robes at Edward II's coronation, but he soon fell out with the King's favorite Piers Gaveston . In 1310 he was one of the Lords Ordainers , and he was one of the 5 Earls who allied in 1312 to oust Gaveston. Arundel resisted reconciling with the King after Gaveston's death, and in 1314 he along with some other Earls refused to help the King's Scottish campaign, which contributed in part to the English defeat at Bannockburn .

Allied to the Despensers
A few years later Arundel allied with King Edward's new favorites, Hugh le Despenser and his son of the same name, and had his son and heir, Richard, married to a daughter of the younger Hugh le Despenser. He reluctantly consented to the Despenser's banishment in 1321, and joined the King's efforts to restore them in 1321. Over the following years Arundel was one of the King's principal supporters, and after the capture of Roger Mortimer in 1322 he received a large part of the forfeited Mortimer estates. He also held the two great offices governing Wales, becoming Justice of Wales in 1322 and Warden of the Welsh Marches , responsible for the array in Wales, in 1325 and Constable of Montgomery Castle , his official base.

Loyalty
After Mortimer's escape from prison and invasion of England in 1326, amongst the Barons only Arundel and his brother-in-law John de Warenne remained loyal to the King.

Capture & execution
Their defensive efforts were ineffective, and Arundel was captured and executed at the behest of Queen Isabella .

Estates Forfeited
His estates and titles were forfeited when he was executed, but they were eventually restored to his eldest son Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel .

Marriage and issue
In 1305, Edmund married Alice de Warenne (June1287-23 May 1338) sister and eventual heiress of John de Warenne , 8th Earl of Surrey , daughter of William de Warenne and Joan de Vere . Their children included:
Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel
Alice FitzAlan, who married John de Bohun, 5th Earl of Hereford

References
The Royal Ancestry Bible Royal Ancestors of 300 Colonial American Families by Michel L. Call (chart 28) ISBN 1-933194-22-7
Roy Martin (2003), King Edward II: His Life, His Reign, and Its Aftermath, 1284-1330, McGill-Queen's Press, ISBN 0773524320
Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 28-32, 60-31, 83-30 61 62



Reginar I "Longneck" Duke of Lorraine and Alberade




Husband Reginar I "Longneck" Duke of Lorraine 64 65 66

            AKA: Rainer I of Lorraine, Reginar I Count of Hainaut
           Born: Abt 850 - <France>
     Christened: 
           Died: Bef 19 Jan 916
         Buried: 


         Father: Giselbert Count of Darnau (Abt 0830-Abt 0892) 67 68
         Mother: Helletrude of Lorraine (Abt 0830-      ) 69


       Marriage: 

Events

• Lay Abbot of Echternach: (Luxembourg), 897-915.

• Duke of Lorraine: 910-916.




Wife Alberade 70

            AKA: Hersent, Hersinda
           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 916
         Buried: 


Children
1 M Giselbert Duke of Lorraine 13 71 72

            AKA: Gilbert Duke of Lorraine
           Born: Abt 880 - <Lorraine, France>
     Christened: 
           Died: 2 Oct 939 - Andernach, (Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany)
         Buried: 
         Spouse: Gerberga of Saxony (Abt 0914-0984) 13 73 74
           Marr: 929



2 M Reginar II Count of Hainaut 75

            AKA: Rainer II Count of Hainaut
           Born: Abt 890 - <Lorraine, France>
     Christened: 
           Died: 932
         Buried: 
         Spouse: < > (      -      ) 76



3 M Balderic Bishop of Utrecht 66

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 



4 M Frederick Archbishop of Mainz 77

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: Oct 954
         Buried: 



5 F Symphoria 66

           Born: 
     Christened: 
           Died: 
         Buried: 




Death Notes: Husband - Reginar I "Longneck" Duke of Lorraine

Ancestral Roots, Line 140-17 has d. aft. 25 Oct. 915, bef. 19 Jan. 916


Research Notes: Husband - Reginar I "Longneck" Duke of Lorraine

From Wikipedia - Reginar, Duke of Lorraine :

Reginar I Longneck[1] (c. 850 - 915)[2] was the Duke of Lorraine from 910 until his death. He stands at the head of the clan of Reginarids , an important Lotharingian noble family.

He was the son of Gilbert , Count of the Maas gau , and a daughter of Lothair I of whom the name is not known (Hiltrude, Bertha, Irmgard, and Gisela are good candidates).

He succeeded his father in the Maasgau and was the lay abbot of Echternach between 897 and 915, of Maastricht from before May 898, and of Stablo and Malmedy between 900 and 902.

He was the Count of Mons when in 870 he and Franco , Bishop of Liège , led an army against the Vikings in Walacria . He, as Duke of Hesbaye and Hainault , and Radbold led a Frisian army with against the forces of Rollo a little later, but were forced back to his fortresses.

In an 877 capitulary from Quierzy , he appears alongside his father as one of the regents of the kingdom during Charles the Bald 's absence on campaign in Italy. A Reginar appears at the Siege of Paris in 886, but this may be an uncle or nephew. The name "Reginar" or "Reginhar" (French : Régnier or Rainier) was commonplace in his family.

Reginar was originally a supporter of Zwentibold in 895, but he broke with the king in 898. He and some other magnates who had been key to Zwentibold's election three years earlier then took the opportunity provided by the death of Odo of West Francia to invite Charles the Simple to become king in Lotharingia. His lands were confiscated, but he refused to give them up and entrenched himself at Durfost , downstream from Maastricht. Representatives of Charles, Zwentibold, and the Emperor Arnulf met at Saint Goar and determined that the succession should go to Louis the Child . Zwentibold was killed by the rebels in battle in August 900.
At first, Louis appeared to be opposed to Reginar when he appointed Gebhard as his deputy in Lotharingia, but the two were never at war. In 908, Reginar recuperated the Hainault after the death of Sigard . Then, after the death of Gebhard in 910, in battle with the Magyars , Reginar appears as his successor. He led the magnates in opposing Conrad I of Germany and electing Charles the Simple their king. He was given the title marchio by Charles in 915. He never appears as the Duke of Lorraine, but he was definitely the military commander of the region under Charles. He himself was succeeded by his son Gilbert ; however, the Reginarids did not succeed in establishing their supremacy in Lotharingia like the Liudolfings or Liutpoldings did in the duchies of Saxony and Bavaria .

Family
By his wife Hersinda (or Alberada), who predeceased him, Reginar left the following children:
Gilbert, Duke of Lorraine
Reginar II, Count of Hainaut
Balderic, Bishop of Utrecht
Frederick, Archbishop of Mainz
a daughter, possibly named Symphoria, who married Berengar , Count of Namur 64 65 66


Research Notes: Wife - Alberade

2nd wife of Reginar I 70


Birth Notes: Child - Giselbert Duke of Lorraine

Ancestral Roots has b. abt 880 or b. abt 890. The most recent research give abt 880.


Research Notes: Child - Giselbert Duke of Lorraine

First husband of Gerberga of Saxony.

From Ancestral Roots, Line 240-18, p. 217, "From these two brothers [Reginar II and Giselbert] are descended the later kings of England, Scotland, France, Spain, Portugal, many of the German emperors, the Dukes of Brabant, Burgundy, Warwick, Northumberland, and Lorraine, the Earls of Chester, Clare, and Pembroke, the Counts of Roucy, Vermandois, Barcelona, Provence, Nevers, Poitou, Burgundy, and Savoy, and the families of Cantelou, Courtenay, Zouche, and many others." 13 71 72


Research Notes: Child - Reginar II Count of Hainaut

From Ancestral Roots, Line 240-18, p. 217, "From these two brothers [Reginar II and Giselbert] are descended the later kings of England, Scotland, France, Spain, Portugal, many of the German emperors, the Dukes of Brabant, Burgundy, Warwick, Northumberland, and Lorraine, the Earls of Chester, Clare, and Pembroke, the Counts of Roucy, Vermandois, Barcelona, Provence, Nevers, Poitou, Burgundy, and Savoy, and the families of Cantelou, Courtenay, Zouche, and many others." 75


Research Notes: Child - Frederick Archbishop of Mainz

From Wikipedia - Frederick (Archbishop of Mainz) :

Frederick (died October 954) was the Archbishop of Mainz from 937, following the late Hildebert , until his death. He was a son of Reginar, Duke of Lorraine .
Immediately, Frederick acted as an opponent of Otto the Great , one of the most consistent opponents he faced. In 939, he joined the rebellion of Eberhard III of Franconia , Gilbert of Lorraine , and Henry I of Bavaria . He was imprisoned in Hammelburg for a while. He plotted with Henry to assassinate Otto in Easter 941 in Quedlinburg , but they were discovered and put in captivity in Ingelheim , being released and pardoned only after doing penance at Christmas of that year.
Frederick refused to accompany Otto to Italy in 951. He participated in another rebellion with Liudolf, Duke of Swabia , and Conrad, Duke of Lorraine , luring the king to Mainz in 953. Abandoned by the Lorrainers and without Henry's support this time, the rebels were easily crushed and punished. Frederick tried to distance himself from the fighting, but died before anything could come to him. 77


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77 Wikipedia.org, Frederick (Archbishop of Mainz).


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