<Joseph > Jackson


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<Joseph > Jackson

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  Research Notes:

2/6/09 this researcher (kjf) argues:
The case against this Joseph Jackson as the father of William Jackson Fish consists of a combination of dates that do not make sense (see below), as William Jackson was adopted by the Shawnee (by Black Fish before 1778) before Joseph Jackson was captured in 1778 or 1782.

From The Hunters of Kentucky: A Narrative History of America's First Far West, 1750-1792 by Ted Franklin Belue, p. 232:

'In early February 1778, on the Upper Blue Licks, Daniel Boone--inexplicably, so it seemed to many--surrendered his twenty-six salt boilers to Black Fish's Shawnee war party 120 strong. Over the next five years, most of the hostages were freed or escaped. A few died in captivity. At least three of the captives--Micajah Calloway, Jack Dunn, and Joseph Jackson--"turned Indian."

'...Joseph Jackson, a salt-boiler-turned-Shawnee, returned to Kentucky in 1800 to "make a good citizen," he told Lyman Draper, who met him in 1844, noting that in appearance and mannerisms, Jackson was "Indian in every respect." In the end, though, poor Jackson, unhappily married, melancholy, and unable to reconcile his past, hanged himself. Jackson was a haunted man: In 1782 he had fought the Americans at Blue Licks; he 1790 he fought Col. Josiah Harmar's army; in 1791 he fought Gen. Arthur St. Clair; in 1794 he fought Gen. Anthony Wayne at Fallen Timbers. Perhaps what is most remarkable is that Joseph Jackson could have lived in Kentucky after his Shawnee life without fearing a noose from his neighbors.'

From interview with Patrick Scott of Bourbon County, Kentucky quoted in http://www.shawhan.com/families/scottw.rtf :
" Joseph Jackson: [Addenda, page 17.] Old Jackson, at Lee's Lick, in the lower end of this county [Bourbon County] was on the British side in the Blue Lick Battle. (Joe Jackson showed me the place, at the Lower Blue Licks where he was caught by the Indians. He was with them twenty or thirty years, till after the war. He married, late in life, a young woman. They did not always agree; and this spring of 1844 Jackson went and hung himself.)"
The chronology of Joseph is thus (supporting the unlikelihood of the above Joseph Jackson as William Jackson Fish's father):

About 1760 or later William Jackson Fish was born
Before 1778 William adopted by Black Fish (as a small boy)
1778 Joseph Jackson captured by Shawnee
About 1780 William returned to white society
About 1780 William married Elizabeth Bishop
1782 Joseph fought Americans at Blue Licks
Before 1788 William returned to Shawnee
1788 William raided Ohio Valley with Shawnee
About 1789 William married a Shawnee woman
1790 Joseph fought Harmar's army
1791 Joseph fought Gen. St. Clair
1794 Joseph fought Gen. Wayne
1798 William married Polly Rogers (granddaughter of Black Fish)
1800 Joseph returned to Kentucky
After 1800 Joseph married a young wife in Kentucky
1828 William moved to Missouri
1831 Joseph agreed to building of a mission school
1833 William Jackson Fish died
1844 Lyman Draper met Joseph Jackson
After 1844 Joseph Jackson hanged himself

Could the Blue Licks Joseph Jackson have been a brother of William Jackson "Captain" Fish? If he was close in age to William, he would have been 17 or 19 when captured by the Shawnee.

<Joseph married < > [Shawnee Woman].

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