Baldwin I Count of Flanders 1 2 3 4
- Born: Abt 836, <Flanders (Belgium)>
- Marriage (1): Judith Princess of France in Jan 862 in <Flanders (Belgium)>
- Died: 879, Flanders (Belgium) about age 43
Other names for Baldwin were Baldwin "Iron Arm" Count of Flanders, Baldwin I "Bras de Fer" Count of Flanders and Baudouin I Count of Flanders.
From Wikipedia - Baldwin I, Count of Flanders :
Baldwin I (probably born 830s, died 879 ), also known as Baldwin Iron Arm (the epithet is first recorded in the 12th century), was the first count of Flanders .
Baldwin was the son of a certain Audacer , about whom nothing definite is known; his legendary origins are rejected by modern scholarship. At the time Baldwin first appears in the records he was already a count, presumably in the area of Flanders, but this is not known. Count Baldwin rose to prominence when he eloped with princess Judith , daughter of Charles the Bald , king of West Francia . Judith had previously been married to Ethelwulf and his son (from an earlier marriage) Ethelbald , kings of Wessex, but after the latter's death in 860 she had returned to France.
Around Christmas 861, at the instigation of Baldwin and with her brother Louis' consent Judith escaped the custody she had been put under in the city of Senlis after her return from England. She fled north with Count Baldwin. Charles had given no permission for a marriage and tried capture Baldwin, sending letters to Rorik of Dorestad and Bishop Hungar , forbidding them to shelter the fugitive.
After Baldwin and Judith had evaded his attempts to capture them, Charles had his bishops excommunicate the couple. Judith and Baldwin responded by traveling to Rome to plead their case with Pope Nicholas I . Their plea was successful and Charles was forced to accept. The marriage took place on 13 December 863 in Auxerre . By 870 Baldwin had acquired the lay-abbacy of St. Pieter in Ghent and is assumed to have also acquired the counties of Flanders and Waas, or parts thereof by this time. Baldwin developed himself as a very faithful and stout supporter of Charles and played an important role in the continuing wars against the Vikings . He is named in 877 as one of those willing to support the emperor's son, Louis the Stammerer . During his life Baldwin expanded his territory into one of the major principalities of Western Francia , he died in 879 and was buried in the Abbey of Saint-Bertin, near Saint-Omer .
Baldwin was succeeded by his son by Judith, Baldwin II (c. 866 - 918 ). The couple's first son was named Charles after his maternal grandfather, but he died young. His third son Raoul (Rodulf) (c. 869 - murdered 896) became Count of Cambrai around 888 , but he and his brother joined king Zwentibold of Lotharingia in 895. In 896 they attacked Vermandois and captured Arras , Saint-Quentin and Peronne , but later that year Raoul was captured by count Heribert and killed.
Baldwin married Judith Princess of France, daughter of Charles II "the Bald" of France and Holy Roman Emperor and Ermentrude of Orléans, in Jan 862 in <Flanders (Belgium)>. (Judith Princess of France was born in Oct 844 in France and died after 870.)
Noted events in their marriage were:
• Eloped, Jan 862.
• Marriage: with acceptance of Charles, 13 Dec 863, Auxerre, (Yonne), Burgundy, (France).