Juliana FitzGerald of Offaly 1 2
- Born: Abt 1263, Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
- Marriage (1): Thomas de Clare Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal in Feb 1275
- Died: 1300 about age 37
Other names for Juliana were Juliana FitzMaurice of Offaly and Juliane FitzMaurice.
From Wikipedia - Juliana FitzGerald :
Juliana FitzGerald, Lady Thomond (c.1263- 1300), was a Norman -Irish noblewoman, the daughter of Maurice FitzGerald , 3rd Lord of Offaly , and the wife of Thomas de Clare, Lord of Thomond , a powerful Anglo-Norman baron in Ireland, who was a younger brother of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford . Juliana had a total of three husbands; Thomas was her first. He was the father of her four children.
She is sometimes referred to as Juliane FitzMaurice.
Juliana FitzGerald was born in about 1263 in Dublin , Ireland the eldest daughter of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly, Justiciar of Ireland (1238- 1287) and his first wife, Maud de Prendergast (born 17 March 1243).She had a younger sister Amabel who died childless. Her first cousin was John FitzGerald, 1st Earl of Kildare . Her paternal grandparents were Maurice FitzGerald, 2nd Lord of Offaly (1190- 1257) and Juliana. Her maternal grandparents were Gerald de Prendergast and the unnamed daughter of Richard Mor de Burgh , Lord of Connacht and Egidia de Lacy . Juliana's maternal ancestors included Brian Boru , Dermot McMurrough , and Maud de Braose .
Juliana's mother Maud died on an unknown date. Her father married secondly in 1273, Emmeline Longespee, but fathered no children by her.
Marriages and children
In February 1275, at the age of about twelve years, Juliana married her first husband, Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal. He was the second eldest son of Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford , 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Maud de Lacy . Thomas was a friend of King Edward I of England , with whom he went on a Crusade . He held many important posts including the Office of Governor of Colchester Castle (1266), Governor of the City of London (1273). He was also the commander of the English forces in Munster , Ireland , and in 1276, he was granted the lordship of Thomond . He was born in 1245, which made him about eighteen years older than Juliana.
Juliana and her husband Thomas resided at Bunratty Castle , which Thomas constructed in stone replacing the earlier wooden structure. Together Thomas and Juliana had four children:
Maud de Clare (1276- 1326/27), married firstly on 3 November 1295 Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford , by whom she had issue; she married secondly after 1314 Robert de Welle.
Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex , 1st Lord Clare (1278- 10 May 1318 at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea ), married a woman by the name of Joan by whom he fathered one son, Thomas.
Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond (3 February 1281- 1307)
Margaret de Clare (c.1 April 1287- 22 October 1333/3 January 1334), married firstly in 1303 Gilbert de Umfraville; she married secondly before 30 June 1308 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere , by whom she had four daughters and one son.
Life at Bunratty Castle was marked by unrest and strife as civil war was waged between rival factions of the powerful O'Brien clan. In 1277, Juliana's husband had his former ally Brian Ruad , the deposed King of Thomond, hanged for treason at Bunratty.
Thomas died on 29 August 1287, leaving Juliana a widow at the age of twenty-four with four small children; the youngest, Margaret was not quite five months old. On an unknown date she married her second husband, Nicholas Avenel. He presumably died before 1292, as that was the year she married her third husband, Adam de Cretynges.
Juliana died in 1300. Her numerous descendants included English kings Henry V , Edward IV , Richard III , Mary, Queen of Scots , Anne Boleyn , Mary Boleyn , and Diana, Princess of Wales . The current British Royal Family directly descend from her, as do most of the other European royal families.
Juliana married Thomas de Clare Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal, son of Sir Richard de Clare 8th Earl of Clare and Maud de Lacy Countess of Lincoln, in Feb 1275. (Thomas de Clare Lord of Inchiquin and Yougal was born about 1245 and died on 29 Aug 1287.)