Maud de Braose 1 2 3
- Born: 1224, <Gower, Glamorganshire>, Wales
- Marriage (1): Roger de Mortimer of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer in 1247
- Marriage (2): William de Beauchamp 5th Baron Beauchamp in 1151 in Gower, Glamorganshire, Wales
- Died: Bef 23 Mar 1301, Herefordshire, England
- Buried: Wigmore Abbey, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England
2nd daughter and co-heiress of William de Braose and Eve Marshall.
Source: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis and Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr, ed. by William R. Beall & Kaleen E. Beall (Baltimore, 2008), line 67-29
From Wikipedia - Maud de Braose, Baroness Wigmore :
Maud de Braose, Baroness Wigmore (1224- 1300/23 March 1301) was a noble heiress and a member of the powerful de Braose family which held many lordships and domains in the Welsh Marches . She was the wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore , a celebrated soldier and Marcher baron. A staunch Royalist during the Second Barons' War , it was she who devised the plan to rescue Prince Edward (the future King Edward I of England ) from the custody of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester .
Maud was born in Wales in 1224, the second eldest daughter and co-heiress of Marcher lord William de Braose, 10th Baron Abergavenny and Eva Marshal .
Maud had three sisters, Isabella , wife of Prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn ; Eleanor , wife of Humphrey de Bohun; and Eve, wife of William de Cantelou.
Her paternal grandparents were Reginald de Braose, 9th Baron Abergavenny and Grecia de Briwere. Her maternal grandparents were William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke , daughter of Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster .
On 2 May 1230, when Maud was just six years old, her father was hanged by orders of Llewelyn the Great , Prince of Wales for alleged adultery with the latter's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales .
Marriage and children
In 1247 Maud married Roger Mortimer of Wigmore. As the eldest son of Ralph de Mortimer and his Welsh wife, Princess Gwladys Ddu , Roger was himself a scion of another important Marcher family, and had succeeded his father in 1246, upon the latter's death. He was created 1st Baron Wigmore on an unknown date. Maud was seven years his senior, and they had been betrothed since childhood. On the occasion of their marriage, the honour of Radnor passed from the de Braose to the Mortimer family. Her marriage portion was some land at Tetbury which she inherited from her grandfather, Reginald de Braose.She also had inherited the Manor of Charlton sometime before her marriage. Roger and Maud's principal residence was the Mortimers' family seat, Wigmore Castle in Herefordshire .
Roger and Maud together had seven children:
Ralph Mortimer (died before 10 August 1274), Sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire .
Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Wigmore (1251-17 July 1304), married Margaret de Fiennes , daughter of William II de Fiennes and Blanche de Brienne , by whom he had issue, including Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March .
Isabella Mortimer (died after 1300), married firstly, John Fitzalan, 7th Earl of Arundel , by whom she had issue; she married secondly, Ralph d'Arderne; she married thirdly, Robert de Hastang.
Margaret Mortimer (died September 1297), married Robert de Vere, 6th Earl of Oxford , by whom she had one son.
Roger Mortimer of Chirk (died 3 August 1336 Tower of London ), married Lucy de Wafre, by whom he had one son. He was sentenced to life imprisonment for having participated in the rebellion of Thomas of Lancaster in 1321.
Geoffrey Mortimer (died before 1282), he was unmarried.
William Mortimer (died before June 1297), married as her first husband, Hawise de Muscegros.
Rescue of Prince Edward
Maud was described as beautiful and nimble-witted.During the Second Barons' War , she also proved to be a staunch Royalist. It was Maud herself who devised a plan for the escape of Prince Edward after he had been taken hostage by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester following the Battle of Lewes . On 28 May 1265, when the Prince was held in custody at Hereford Castle , Maud sent a party of horsemen to spirit him away to Wigmore Castle while he was out in the open fields, some distance from the castle, taking exercise by racing horses with his unsuspecting guardians as she had instructed him to do in the messages she had smuggled to him previously. At a signal from one of the horsemen, Edward galloped off to join the party of his liberators, where they escorted him to Wigmore Castle, twenty miles away, where Maud was waiting. She gave the Prince refreshments before sending him on to Ludlow Castle where he met up with the Earl of Gloucester who had defected to the side of the King .
At the Battle of Evesham on 4 August 1265, Maud's husband Roger fought on the side of Prince Edward, and personally killed Simon de Montfort. As a reward, Roger was given de Montfort's severed head and other parts of his anatomy. Roger sent these gruesome trophies home to Wigmore Castle as a gift to Maud.She held a great feast that very night to celebrate the victory. De Montfort's head was raised in the Great Hall, still attached to the point of the lance.
In 1300, Maud is recorded as having presented to a vacant benefice in the Stoke Bliss parish church in Herefordshire , its advowson having originally belonged to the Mortimers, but was bequeathed to Limebrook Priory by Roger. Maud died on an unknown date sometime between 1300 and 23 March 1301. She was buried in Wigmore Abbey . Her husband Roger had died on 30 October 1282.
All the monarchs of England from 1413, as well as Mary, Queen of Scots , were directly descended from Maud, as is the current British Royal Family . Queen consorts Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard were also notable descendants of Maud de Braose through the latter's daughter Isabella, Countess of Arundel.
Maud married Roger de Mortimer of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer, son of Ralph de Mortimer Lord Mortimer of Wigmore and Gwladys "Ddu" verch Llewellyn, in 1247. (Roger de Mortimer of Wigmore, 1st Baron Mortimer was born about 1231 in Cwmaron Castle, Radnorshire, Wales and died on 27 Oct 1282 in Kingsland, Herefordshire, England.)
Maud next married William de Beauchamp 5th Baron Beauchamp, son of Walter de Beauchamp of Elmley, Worcestershire and Isabella de Mortimer, in 1151 in Gower, Glamorganshire, Wales. (William de Beauchamp 5th Baron Beauchamp was born about 1210 and died in 1269.)