Sir Thomas Adams Jr., Knight
- Born: 6 Dec 1586, Sprowston Hall, Norfolk or Wemon, Shropshire, England
- Marriage (1): Ann Mapted about 1613 in St. Leonard's, Eastcheap, London, England
- Died: 24 Feb 1668, Ironmonger Lane, Fenchurch Street, London, England at age 81
From http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3143362&id=I631846492 :
Thomas Adams, 1st Baronet, citizen and Lord Mayor of London, was a man highly esteemed for his prudence and piety, his loyalty and sufferings, and his acts of munificence. He was born in 1586, at Wem, in Shropshire, educated in the University of Cambridge, and raised a draper in London. In 1609, he was chosen sheriff, when he gave a striking proof of his public spirit, by immediately giving up his business, and applying himself wholly to public affairs. He made himself complete master of the customs and usages, rights and privileges of the city of London, and succeeded to every honour his fellow-citizens had in their power to bestow. He was chosen master of the drapers' company, alderman, and president of St. Thomas's hospital, which institution he probably saved from ruin, by discovering the frauds of a dishonest steward. He was often returned member of parliament; but the violent politics of the times would not permit him to sit there.
In 1645, he was elected lord mayor of London, in which office he showed disinterestedness, by declining the advantages usually made by the sale of places which become vacant. His loyalty to Charles I was so well known, that his house was searched by the republican party, to find the king there; and he was the next year committed to the Tower by the same party, and detained there some time. However, at length he became the oldest alderman upon the bench, and was consequently dignified with the honourable title of father of the city. His affection for his prince was so great, that during the exile of Charles II, he remitted him 10,000l.
When the restoration of the king was agreed on, Mr. Adams, then 74 years of age, was deputed by the city to accompany General Monk to Breda in the Netherlands, to congratulate and accompany the king home. For his signal services the king knighted him at the Hague; and soon after the restoration advanced him to the dignity of a baronet, on the June 13, 1661.
His merit, as a benefactor to the public, is highly conspicuous: he gave the house of his nativity, at Wem, as a free-school to the town, and liberally endowed it; he founded an Arabic professorship at Cambridge; both which took place before his death. By desire of his friend, Mr. Wheelock, fellow of Clare-hall, he was at the expense of printing the gospels in Persian, and sending them into the east. He was equally benevolent in private as in public life; and, although he suffered great losses in his estate, he gave liberally in legacies to the poor of many parishes, to hospitals, and ministers' widows. He was particularly distinguished for his patience and fortitude in adversity.
In his latter years he was much afflicted with the stone, which hastened his end. The stone was taken from the body, and was of such extraordinary magnitude as to weigh 25 ounces (1.5 lbs, or 0.7 kg), and is preserved in the laboratory at Cambridge. He felt no reluctance at the approach of his dissolution, and seemed perfectly prepared for death, often saying "Solum mihi superest sepulchrum,"\emdash All my business is to fit me for the grave. His funeral sermon was preached by Dr. Hardy, at St. Catharine Cree Church, before his children and many of his relations. His descendants enjoyed the title down to the late Sir Thomas Adams, who died a captain in the Royal Navy.
Thomas married Ann Mapted, daughter of Humphrey Mapted and Susan Weald, about 1613 in St. Leonard's, Eastcheap, London, England. (Ann Mapted was born in 1592 in <Trenton, > Essex, England and died on 11 Jan 1642 in Ironmonger Lane, Fenchurch Street, London, England.)