Dag "the Wise" Dyggvisson King in Sweden [Mythological]
Frosti King in Finland
Agne Dagsson King in Sweden [Mythological]
Skjlf Frostadotter
Alrik Agnesson King in Sweden [Legendary]


Family Links

1. Dagreid Dagsdotter

Alrik Agnesson King in Sweden [Legendary] 1 2

  • Marriage (1): Dagreid Dagsdotter

   Another name for Alrik was Alrekr Agnarsson King in Sweden.

  Research Notes:

Legendary king of Sweden, brother of Eirk

From Wikipedia - Alrek and Eirk :

Alrek and Eirk (Old Norse Alrekr and Eirkr ) were two legendary kings of Sweden .

In the Ynglinga saga
According to the Ynglinga saga , Alrek and Eirk were sons and heirs of the previous king Agni by his wife Skjlf. They shared the kingship. They were mighty in both war and sports, but were especially skillful horsmen and vied with one another about their horsemanship and their horses.

One day they rode off from their retinue and did not return. They were found dead with their heads battered but no weapons with them save the bridle bits of their horses. Accordingly it was believed that they had quarreled and come to blows and had slain each other with their bridle bits. They were succeeded by Alrik's sons Yngvi and Alf.
However, in other sources, only Alrek died, and in the piece of Ynglingatal quoted by Snorri Sturluson it is only Alrek who dies explicitly. Erik's death seems to be a misunderstanding on Snorri's part due to an influence from the succeeding kings (see also the other sources below):

Ynglingatal then gives Yngvi and Alf as Alrekr's and Eirkr's successors.
The Historia Norwegi presents a Latin summary of Ynglingatal, older than Snorri's quotation:

This man [Dag] engendered Alrek, who was beaten to death with a bridle by his brother, Eirik. Alrek was father to Agne, [...][6]

Hogna is an error for Agne .[5] Unlike Ynglingatal, Historia Norwegi gives Dagr as Alrekr's predecessor. Instead Alrekr precedes Agne and Agne is succeeded by Yngvi (incorrectly called Ingialdr[5]). The even earlier source slendingabk cites the line of descent in Ynglingatal and it gives the same line of succession as Historia Norwegi: xi Dagr. xii Alrekr. xiii Agni. xiiii Yngvi.[7]

In Gautreks saga and Hrlfs saga Gautrekssonar
Gautreks saga also makes Alrek and Eirk sons of Agni by Skjlf and co-kings and it was to them that the warrior Starkad fled after his slaying of King Vikar. Starkad served them first as a companions on their viking expeditions and then, after Alrek and Eirk had settled down, went on further Viking expeditions alone.

But King Alrek had a short life, for Eirk struck Alrek dead with a bridle when they were out to train their horses and then ruled as sole ruler over Sweden. This version says that Eirk reigned for a long time as told in Hrlfs saga Gautrekssonar (Saga of Hrlf son of Gautrek).

This second saga introduces Thornbjrg, the daughter of King Eirk and Queen Ingigerd, who was a skillful shieldmaiden and ruled over part of the kingdom. Thornbjrg even called herself King Thorberg. But eventually she fell in love with Hrlf son of Gautrek and agreed to marry him, at which point she gave up her weapons to her father King Eirk and took up embroidery.

In Gesta Danorum
Saxo Grammaticus in Book 5 of his Gesta Danorum introduces Ericus Desertus, that is Erik the Eloquent, son of a champion named Regnerus (Ragnar), both Norwegians in the service of King Gtarus (Gtar) of Norway, a monarch otherwise unknown. This Erik is likely to be the Eirk the Eloquent or Eirkr the Wise in Speech mentioned by Snorri Sturluson in the Skldskaparml as being of Ylfing lineage. But he otherwise has left no clear record in surviving Norse literature.

Saxo makes up for it by telling at greath length of Erik's amusing deeds. He relates how Erik outwitted all foes with clever tricks and became the counselor of Fri son of Fridleif, king of Denmark . Erik's expeditions on Fri's behalf always went well because of Erik's cunning and way with words. Erik finally married Fri's sister Gunvara and Erik's elder half-brother Rollerus (Roller) was made king of Norway.

Saxo then brings in a king of the Swedes named Alricus (Alrik) who corresponds to Alrek of the Norse tradition. Alrik was at war with Gestiblindus king of the Gautar (Geats) and Gestiblindus now sought Fri's aid. (In the Norse Hervarar saga Gestumblindi is the name assumed by the disguised Odin and it is possible that this Gestiblindus is also Odin in disguise.)

Erik and Skalk the Scanian pursued the war and slew Alrik's son Gunthiovus (Old Norse Gunnjfr) leader of the men of Vermland and Solongs . Then occurred a parley and secret interview between Alrik and Erik in which Alrik attempted to win Erik over to his cause. When this failed, Alrik asked that the war be settled by a single combat between himself and Gestiblindus. Erik refused the offer because of Gestiblind's unfitness and advanced years but made a counter-offer to fight such a duel with Alrik himself if Alrik were willing. The fight occurred straightaway. Alrik was slain and Erik seemed to be fatally wounded so that a report actually came to King Fri that Erik was dead. Indeed Erik was long in recovering. However Fri was disabused when Erik himself returned announcing that Fri was now also king of Sweden, Vrmland, Helsingland , and Soleyar . Fri then gave all those lands to Erik to rule directly and also gave Erik the two Laplands , Finland , and Estonia as dependencies paying annual tribute.

Saxo explains that this Erik was the first Swedish king to be called Erik but that after him it became a very common name among the Swedish kings. He also writes that Erik met and helped the champion Arngrim , an account that agrees with Hervarar saga , where Arngrim's sons meet Erik's successor Yngvi (see e.g. Angantyr and Hjalmar ).

That the duel occurred at the end of a "secret interview" suggests that Alrik and Erik were alone when they fought just as were their counterparts in the Norse accounts. That Erik was believed to have died suggests knowledge of the Ynglinga saga version in which both fighters met their death. There is no mention of horse bridles. But Erik is not elsewhere a great duelist or champion but instead a trickster who wins through stratagems and deceiving words so that is it likely that Saxo or his source passed over a stratagem in which a horse bridle played a part.

Saxo also mentions Starkad's stay in Sweden in Book 6 in a summary of Starkad's life up to that point in his history. But Saxo does not indicate what king or kings then ruled Sweden, saying only:

... he went into the land of the Swedes, where he lived at leisure for seven years' space with the sons of Fr.

Fr is of course the god Frey , the ancestor of the Swedish dynasty.
At the beginning of Book 6, Saxo notes that Erik died of a disease and was succeeded by his son Haldanus (Halfdan ). Halfdan was later slain by rivals for the throne but the warrior Starkad established Halfdans' heir Siward as the new king. Siward's daughter Signe was married to King Harald of Denmark who was co-king his brother Fri. Later Harald's son Halfdan, now king of Denmark, slew Siward in war. But Siward's grandson Erik, the son of Halfdan's uncle Fri by Signe, the direct heir to the throne, now rose up against Halfdan. After a long war this second Erik was captured by Haldfan and left in the woods in chains to be devoured by beasts. With him, it seems, the Swedish line of Erik the Eloquent, as set forth by Saxo, came to an end.

It is not clear whether or not the accounts in the Gesta Danorum and the accounts in the Ynglinga saga' tales of a Danish king named Halfdan who became king of Sweden are at all related. See Halfdan .

Traditions of twin brothers connected with horses appear are a commonplace in Indo-European cultures as are foundation legends about two twin brothers, one of whom kills the other. It is possible that Alrek and Eirik are reflexes of such traditions.
Saxo's identification of the legendary Eirk the Eloquent with the legendary Swedish king Eirk probably originated as a flourish by a pro-Danish or pro-Norwegian story teller.

Alrik married Dagreid Dagsdotter, daughter of Dag "the Powerful" and Unknown.


1 Wikipedia.org, Alrek and Eirk.

2 http://www.familysearch.org.

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