Captain Thomas Todd


Family Links

1. Anne Gorsuch

Captain Thomas Todd 1 2 3 4

  • Born: 12 Sep 1619, Denton, Durham, England
  • Christened: 1619, Denton, Durham, England
  • Marriage (1): Anne Gorsuch
  • Died: 30 May 1675 at age 55
  • Buried: North <River> Parish, Patapsco River, <Baltimore>, Maryland

  Research Notes:

From Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, p. 48:

Thomas Todd passed his youth in England. He patented land in Elizabeth City, Virginia, in 1647. The "Rent Rolls" of Anne Arundel show, that Thomas Todd, shipwright, surveyed a lot "on ye south side of ye Severn River." It was a portion of the present city of Annapolis. There was a contest in Chancery over the title to this survey. It was decided against him, yet Lancelot Todd, of Baltimore County, in 1718, sold it to Bordley and Bladen. Thomas Todd resided there, in 1657; he was appointed, by Governor Fendall, one of the justices of Anne Arundel.

Thomas Todd took up lands on Fells Point, Baltimore County, and later patented land, including some seven hundred acres on the Eastern Shore. He is supposed to have been the son of Robert Todd, of York County, Virginia, in 1642.

In 1664, Thomas Todd located at North Point. He also held an estate, "Toddsbury," in Gloucester County, Virginia, still held by his descendants. In 1674-5 he was a Burgess in the Assembly of Maryland, from Baltimore County. He married Anne Gorsuch, daughter of Rev. John Gorsuch, rector of Walkham, Herfordshire, whose wife was Ann, daughter of Sir William Lovelace. Her brother Charles Gorsuch married Ann Hawkins, as shown by the West River Quaker records.

Thomas Todd, before sailing for England, with eighty-seven hogsheads of tobacco from his plantation, wrote a litter to his son, Thomas, of "Toddsbury," Virginia, saying: "All my desire is to see you before I go, for I fear I shall never see you, as I am very weak and sick. I want some good cider to keep me alive, which supposed you have enough of. We intyend to set sail to-morrow, if it be a fair wind." He died at sea. His will was probated in Baltimore, Annapolis and Virginia. His widow, Ann, married David Jones. Her son, James Todd, married a daughter of Mountenay, and upon their estate was started the City of Baltimore.

Captain Thomas Todd of Virginia and Baltimore County was baptized in Denton, England in 1619. He came to Virginia in 1637 and was granted lands in New Norfolk County for transporting four persons. He patented "Toddsbury" in Gloucester County in 1652 and there he erected a dwelling for his wife and children. "Toddsbury" was inherited by his oldest sonThomas Todd. The simple but beautifully-proportioned house of "Toddsbury"is still standing and has been restored and furnished with antiques by its present owner. It is sometimes opened to visitors in Garden Tour Week.

Captain Thomas Todd was a shipowner, owning the ships Augustine andVirginia. He had extensive land holdings in Virginia as well as inMaryland.

The name of Captain Thomas Todd of "Toddsbury" appears in Maryland records of August 17, 1664, in connection with the purchase of lands on Patapsco River. He described himself as living in Gloucester County, Virginia. In 1669, designating himself a resident of Patapsco River,Captain Thomas Todd purchased North Point, a tract of 300 acres on thenorth side of the Patapsco. This was the site of the famous Battle ofNorth Point, fought on September 12, 1814 between the American andBritish forces in the War of 1812. In June 1669 Captain Thomas Todd purchased 400 acres of additional lands and in 1670 he received warrantsfor 1200 acres for having transported 24 persons to Maryland. He was a burgess of Baltimore County in 1674 and 1675. The will of Captain ThomasTodd was probated on May 20, 1677. By it he devised to his brotherChristopher Todd of London a tract of land called "Todley" situated inQueen Anne County, Maryland. Through Christopher Todd, the Todds havebeen traced to Denton in Durham County, England.

Captain Thomas Todd married Ann Gorsuch, the daughter of Rev. John Gorsuch, whose wife Ann was a daughter of Sir William Lovelace, andsister of Richard Lovelace, the poet, and of Colonel Francis Lovelace,Gov. of New York. The Gorsuch-Lovelace ancestry is a distinguished one.Rev. John Gorsuch was a staunch supporter of King Charles I and,according to tradition, he met his death in 1647 when the Puritans causedhim to be smothered in a haystack. The widow Gorsuch then came toVirginia with the children, as her brother, Colonel Francis Lovelace, wasin Virginia at that time.

After the death of Captain Thomas Todd, his widow Ann Gorsuch Toddmarried Captain David Jones, who lived at Cole's Harbor, part of the siteof the city of Baltimore. Ccaptain Jones, who gave his name to JonesFalls, the stream which runs through Baltimore, arising in the GreenSpring Valley, had a dwelling house at what is approximately the cornerof High and Fayette Streets in downtown Baltimore. This tract, originallyCole's Harbor, was later repatented by James Todd, son of Captain ThomasTodd, and called "Todd's Range". It extended from Broadway on the east toHoward Street on the west, the northern boundary being Madison Street andthe southern boundary the Baltimore waterfront. When Baltimore Town wasestablished in 1729 "Todd's Range" was subdivided into building lots.

Captain David Jones died in 1686 and his widow, Ann Gorsuch Todd Jones,then married Captain John Oldton of Garrison Forest. Captain Oldton wascommanding officer of the Baltimore County Rangers at Garrison on theReisterstown Road. One of the properties which he and his wife owned wasDarley Hall, located at what is now Harford Road and North Avenue inBaltimore City, extending northward to Darley Avenue. This tract was soldto John Ensor in 1697.

From First Families of Howard County, Maryland

From The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 3, p. 81:

(1) Thomas Todd patented land in Elizabeth City county in 1647, and in Gloucester in 1664. (Land Books of Virginia.)

The will of Thomas Todd, of North parish, Patapsco river, Maryland, dated 1675, proved May 30th, 1677, makes his son, Thomas, sole executor; gives his wife, Anne, 400 sterling, now in the hands of Alderman Richard Booth, in London, and 170 sterling in the hands of Mr. Robert Gorsuch, and also a parcel of land in old England, also in the possession of Robert Gorsuch; legacies to his four daughters by name; to his brother, Christopher, money and 700 acres on Chester river.

There is filed with the will a copy of a letter from Thomas Todd, Sr., dated April 1st, 1676. He was then on board the ship Virginia, bound for England, and was "very riche." It is addressed: "There for my son Thomas Todd at his house on the North River [Gloucester Co.] with all speed."

Thomas and Christopher Todd were probably sons of Robert Todd were probably sons of Robert Todd, who is mentioned in the records of York county, Virginia, in 1642, and who bought land in Gloucester in 1652. His eldest son, William Todd, patented 500 acres in Gloucester in 1666.

  Death Notes:

Died at sea

  Noted events in his life were:

Granted: land in New Norfolk County, Virginia, 1637. for transporting four persons.

Patent for: "Toddsbury" in Gloucester County, 1652.

Purchased: land on the Patapsco River in Maryland, 17 Aug 1664.

Purchased: "North Point," 300 acres on the north side of the Patapsco River in Maryland, 1669.

Burgess: of Baltimore County, Maryland, 1674-1675.

Probate: of his will, 20 May 1677.

Thomas married Anne Gorsuch, daughter of Reverend John Gorsuch and Ann Lovelace. (Anne Gorsuch was born on 13 Mar 1638 in Walkern, Hertfordshire, England and died in 1694.)


1 Warfield, J. D, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. (Baltimore: Kohn & Pollock, 1905), p. 48.

2 Website:,

3 Website:,

4 The Virginia Historical Society, The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (Vol. 3. Richmond, Va.:House of the Society.), p. 81.

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