Chief Black Fish
William Jackson "Captain" Fish
(Abt 1760-1833)


Family Links
1. Chief Black Fish & Watmeme

1. Elizabeth Bishop
2. < > [Shawnee Woman]

3. Polly Rogers

William Jackson "Captain" Fish 1 2

  • Born: Abt 1760
  • Marriage (1): Elizabeth Bishop about 1780
  • Marriage (2): < > [Shawnee Woman] about 1789
  • Marriage (3): Polly Rogers about 1798
  • Died: Late Oct 1833 about age 73

   Other names for William were Paschal Fish Sr. and William Jackson.

  Research Notes:

May have been 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware (see below).
From text accompanying a photograph from the Smithsonian Institution archives:

"[Leander] Jackson Fish's father [Paschal Fish] was half Shawnee, one eighth Miami and one sixteenth Delaware. "
If the math is correct and Paschal Fish's mother was 100% Shawnee, then his father [William Jackson] was probably 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware. On the other hand, if Paschal Fish's mother was Polly Rogers, either Polly was 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware with William Jackson Fish identifying himself as Shawnee, or Polly was 100% Shawnee and William Jackson Fish was 1/4 Miami and 1/8 Delaware.

From Historic Shawnee Names of the 1700s -

"Fish aka William Jackson - Adopted-white born about 1760-died 1833 - adopted son of Black Fish before 1778, raiding Ohio River valley 1788, Little Turtle War, move to MO 1828, husband 1st about 1780 of Elizabeth Bishop-white, 2nd about 1789 of Shawnee Woman, 3rd 1798 of Polly Rogers-1/2 Shawnee Metis (granddaughter of Black Fish), father with Shawnee Woman of Arch/90, Pascal/92, Isaac/94, Andrew/95, Jesse/96-all 1/2 Shawnee Metis, no children of record with Elizabeth, with Polly of Elizabeth Nakease/98, John/99, William Jr/1800-all 1/4th Shawnee Metis"

See notes under Joseph Jackson. It is unlikely that the Joseph Jackson captured by the Shawnee with Daniel Boone in 1778 was this William Jackson's father since records show this William adopted by the Shawnee before that Joseph was captured.


See KHC, vol. 9, pp. 166,167. Historian Rodney Staab of Shawnee Mission, Kansas, has furnished me with an excellent account of Chief Fish written by Fern Long. Her information conflicts somewhat with other sources, but it should not be missed by anyone doing research on the Jackson/Fish family. According to her 1978 article on Chief Fish, she agrees that [William Jackson Fish] was captured as a youth and raised by the Shawnees in the band of Lewis Rogers whose daughter he married. Paschal Fish was "a large-framed man" who "also acquired the Indian ways seeming to be totally Indian." but at the same time, she says "these Shawnees had associated with white people for generations and desired a settled life with homes, schools, churches, ___and agriculture."

From Kansas State Historical Society
Letter 13 Jan 1831 from Richard W. Cummins, U.S. Ind. Agt., Delaware & Shawnee Agency to William Clark, S.I.A., St. Louis:
"Chiefs of Fish's or Jackson's band of Shawnees have agreed to allow a school to be started. Revd. Mr. McAllister & Thomas Johnson hope to have school in operation early in spring."

  Birth Notes: has b. abt 1760

  Death Notes: has late October, 1833. has d. 1833
Another source states that he died at the Shawnee Mission in 1834. Burial?

  Noted events in his life were:

Adopted: by Black Fish (Shawnee), Bef 1778.

Legislation: Indian Removal Act passed by Congress, 28 May 1830. Source: The Emigrant Tribes: Wyandot, Delaware & Shawnee, A Chronology by Larry Hancks, (5/21/08)

Moved: to Missouri, 1828.

William married Elizabeth Bishop about 1780.

William next married < > [Shawnee Woman] about 1789.

William next married Polly Rogers, daughter of Captain Henry Rogers and Chelatha Blackfish, about 1798. (Polly Rogers was born <1782> in <Missouri>, United States and died 1848 or 1849 in Pottawatomie Mission, Kansas, (United States).)

  Marriage Notes:

One source has m. abt 1800, another has abt 1798. Probably makes a difference in which were her children.


1 Website:,

2 Museum or other archive, Smithsonian Institution archives.

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